R A Frost


Affiliation: Pennsylvania State University
Country: USA


  1. Frost R, Huber D, Pruznak A, Lang C. Regulation of REDD1 by insulin-like growth factor-I in skeletal muscle and myotubes. J Cell Biochem. 2009;108:1192-202 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that IGF-I stimulates REDD1 expression in skeletal muscle and myotubes but under these conditions the REDD1 response is not sufficient to repress protein synthesis. ..
  2. Frost R, Nystrom G, Lang C. Endotoxin and interferon-gamma inhibit translation in skeletal muscle cells by stimulating nitric oxide synthase activity. Shock. 2009;32:416-26 pubmed publisher
  3. Frost R, Nystrom G, Lang C. Stimulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 synthesis by interleukin-1beta: requirement of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Endocrinology. 2000;141:3156-64 pubmed
    ..Our data demonstrate that the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway plays an important role in the regulation of IGFBP-1 synthesis by IL-1beta. ..
  4. Frost R, Nystrom G, Lang C. Lipopolysaccharide and proinflammatory cytokines stimulate interleukin-6 expression in C2C12 myoblasts: role of the Jun NH2-terminal kinase. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2003;285:R1153-64 pubmed
    ..Yet, only SP-600125 and not MG-132 blocked LPS-induced IL-6 mRNA expression. This suggests that IL-6 gene expression is a downstream target of JNK in C2C12 myoblasts. ..
  5. Frost R, Nystrom G, Lang C. Multiple Toll-like receptor ligands induce an IL-6 transcriptional response in skeletal myocytes. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006;290:R773-84 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that skeletal muscle and muscle cells recognize pathogen-associated molecules with specific TLRs to initiate an IL-6 transcriptional response. ..
  6. Frost R, Pereyra E, Lang C. Ethyl pyruvate preserves IGF-I sensitivity toward mTOR substrates and protein synthesis in C2C12 myotubes. Endocrinology. 2011;152:151-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Lipophilic pyruvate derivatives and antioxidants show promise at rescuing mTOR activity and muscle protein synthesis by maintaining IGF-I sensitivity in this model. ..