C P Earnest

Summary

Affiliation: Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Effect of astaxanthin on cycling time trial performance
    C P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Exercise Biology Laboratory, Baton Rouge 70808, USA
    Int J Sports Med 32:882-8. 2011
  2. pmc Heart rate variability and exercise in aging women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine and Exercise Biology, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 21:334-9. 2012
  3. pmc ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations
    Richard B Kreider
    Exercise and Sports Nutrition Lab, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:7. 2010
  4. pmc Effects of ingesting protein with various forms of carbohydrate following resistance-exercise on substrate availability and markers of anabolism, catabolism, and immunity
    Richard B Kreider
    Exercise and Sport Nutrition Lab, Center for Exercise, Nutrition and Preventive Health, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:18. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Time trial exertion traits of cycling's Grand Tours
    C P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Exercise Biology Laboratory, Baton Rouge, 70808, USA
    Int J Sports Med 30:240-4. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Exercise interval training: an improved stimulus for improving the physiology of pre-diabetes
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, United States
    Med Hypotheses 71:752-61. 2008
  7. pmc Autonomic function and change in insulin for exercising postmenopausal women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, United States
    Maturitas 65:284-91. 2010
  8. pmc Microencapsulated foods as a functional delivery vehicle for omega-3 fatty acids: a pilot study
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:12. 2009
  9. pmc Heart rate variability characteristics in sedentary postmenopausal women following six months of exercise training: the DREW study
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2288. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Examination of encapsulated phytosterol ester supplementation on lipid indices associated with cardiovascular disease
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine Laboratory, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Nutrition 23:625-33. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. doi request reprint Effect of astaxanthin on cycling time trial performance
    C P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Exercise Biology Laboratory, Baton Rouge 70808, USA
    Int J Sports Med 32:882-8. 2011
    ..While AST significantly improved TT performance the mechanism of action explaining this effect remains obscure...
  2. pmc Heart rate variability and exercise in aging women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine and Exercise Biology, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 21:334-9. 2012
    ..Here, we examine the HRV response to exercise training in postmenopausal women younger and older than 60 years...
  3. pmc ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations
    Richard B Kreider
    Exercise and Sports Nutrition Lab, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:7. 2010
    ..Our hope is that ISSN members and individuals interested in sports nutrition find this review useful in their daily practice and consultation with their clients...
  4. pmc Effects of ingesting protein with various forms of carbohydrate following resistance-exercise on substrate availability and markers of anabolism, catabolism, and immunity
    Richard B Kreider
    Exercise and Sport Nutrition Lab, Center for Exercise, Nutrition and Preventive Health, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:18. 2007
    ..abstract:..
  5. doi request reprint Time trial exertion traits of cycling's Grand Tours
    C P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Exercise Biology Laboratory, Baton Rouge, 70808, USA
    Int J Sports Med 30:240-4. 2009
    ..During TT events, contending riders compete at a level of exertion corresponding to a higher metabolic demand during the uphill TT, individual TT and team TT...
  6. ncbi request reprint Exercise interval training: an improved stimulus for improving the physiology of pre-diabetes
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, United States
    Med Hypotheses 71:752-61. 2008
    ..This theory further proposes that these affects will be due to greater changes in specific metabolic pathways associated with glycolysis, aerobic metabolism, beta-oxidation, and mitochondrial biogenesis...
  7. pmc Autonomic function and change in insulin for exercising postmenopausal women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, United States
    Maturitas 65:284-91. 2010
    ..Obesity, physical inactivity and altered estrogen metabolism play an integrated role contributing to the disease risk profiles of postmenopausal women. These same risk factors also affect modulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS)...
  8. pmc Microencapsulated foods as a functional delivery vehicle for omega-3 fatty acids: a pilot study
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:12. 2009
    ..Our study demonstrates that MicroN3 foods promote the absorption of essential N3, demonstrate bioactivity within 2 weeks of ingestion and are well tolerated in young, active participants who are at low risk for cardiovascular disease...
  9. pmc Heart rate variability characteristics in sedentary postmenopausal women following six months of exercise training: the DREW study
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2288. 2008
    ..Though cardiorespiratory exercise training increases HRV, little is known regarding the exercise dose necessary to promote this improvement...
  10. ncbi request reprint Examination of encapsulated phytosterol ester supplementation on lipid indices associated with cardiovascular disease
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine Laboratory, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Nutrition 23:625-33. 2007
    ..As opposed to traditional food based delivery we examined the efficacy of ingesting encapsulated phytosterol esters on indices of lipid health in hypercholesterolemic adults...
  11. pmc Age attenuated response to aerobic conditioning in postmenopausal women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Exercise Biology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 110:75-82. 2010
    ..05 (-0.01, 0.10)]. Our data show that despite similar exercise intensities, age plays a significant role in the maximal cardiorespiratory response to exercise training regardless of training volume in women who have completed menopause...
  12. doi request reprint Heart rate and exercise intensity during training: observations from the DREW Study
    C R Mikus
    Preventive Medicine Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Br J Sports Med 43:750-5. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Inflammation and exercise (INFLAME): study rationale, design, and methods
    Angela M Thompson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 29:418-27. 2008
    ..The INFLAME study is designed to determine the effect of exercise training on elevated high-sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (CRP) concentrations in initially sedentary women and men...
  14. pmc Volume of exercise and fitness nonresponse in sedentary, postmenopausal women
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:539-45. 2009
    ..There is a wide individual heterogeneity in the maximal aerobic fitness (V x O 2max) response to exercise training...
  15. ncbi request reprint Association of white blood cell subfraction concentration with fitness and fatness
    N M Johannsen
    Department of Preventative Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Br J Sports Med 44:588-93. 2010
    ..To examine the association between fitness, BMI, and neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, basophil, and eosinophil concentrations in apparently healthy, non-smoking men...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effects of different doses of physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness among sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 297:2081-91. 2007
    ..However, a poor understanding of the physical activity-fitness dose response relation remains...
  17. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of cancer mortality among men with pre-diabetes and diabetes
    Angela M Thompson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 4600 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:764-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this article was to examine the risk of cancer mortality across levels of fitness and to examine the fitness-mortality relation for site-specific cancers in men with pre-diabetes and diabetes...
  18. pmc Exercise dose and quality of life: a randomized controlled trial
    Corby K Martin
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:269-78. 2009
    ..Improved quality of life (QOL) is a purported benefit of exercise, but few randomized controlled trials and no dose-response trials have been conducted to examine this assertion...
  19. pmc Changes in weight, waist circumference and compensatory responses with different doses of exercise among sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4515. 2009
    ..The goal of this analysis was to examine actual weight loss compared to predicted weight loss (compensation) across different doses of exercise in a controlled trial of sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women (n = 411)...
  20. doi request reprint Exercise dose-response of the V(E)/VCO(2) slope in postmenopausal women in the DREW study
    Stephanie A Anaya
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:971-6. 2009
    ..Although the V(E)/VCO(2) slope is well established in CHF patients, little is known regarding interventions for "at-risk" populations...
  21. pmc FTO genotype and the weight loss benefits of moderate intensity exercise
    Jonathan A Mitchell
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:641-3. 2010
    ....
  22. pmc Exercise without weight loss does not reduce C-reactive protein: the INFLAME study
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:708-16. 2010
    ..The objective of the Inflammation and Exercise (INFLAME) study was to examine whether aerobic exercise training without dietary intervention can reduce CRP in individuals with elevated CRP...
  23. pmc Metabolic syndrome and diabetes, alone and in combination, as predictors of cardiovascular disease mortality among men
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1289-94. 2009
    ..To examine cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in men with diabetes only, metabolic syndrome only, and concurrent metabolic syndrome and diabetes...
  24. pmc Effects of aerobic and resistance training on hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 304:2253-62. 2010
    ..Exercise guidelines for individuals with diabetes include both aerobic and resistance training although few studies have directly examined this exercise combination...
  25. pmc Measured maximal heart rates compared to commonly used age-based prediction equations in the Heritage Family Study
    M A Sarzynski
    Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70808
    Am J Hum Biol 25:695-701. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine how well two commonly used age-based prediction equations for maximal heart rate (HRmax ) estimate the actual HRmax measured in Black and White adults from the HERITAGE Family Study...
  26. pmc Leisure time sedentary behavior, occupational/domestic physical activity, and metabolic syndrome in U.S. men and women
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:529-36. 2009
    ....
  27. pmc Maximal fitness testing in sedentary elderly at substantial risk of disability: LIFE-P study experience
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 16:408-15. 2008
    ..The authors sought to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of maximal fitness testing in sedentary older individuals at risk for mobility disability...
  28. pmc Profiles of sedentary behavior in children and adolescents: the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2006
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:353-9. 2009
    ..To describe the prevalence of time spent in sedentary behaviors (e.g., TV/video and computer use) among youth in the US...
  29. ncbi request reprint Exercise capacity and body composition as predictors of mortality among men with diabetes
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:83-8. 2004
    ..To quantify the relation of fitness to mortality among men with diabetes, adjusted for BMI and within levels of BMI...
  30. ncbi request reprint Dose Response to Exercise in Women aged 45-75 yr (DREW): design and rationale
    Gina M Morss
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:336-44. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Effects of a commercial herbal-based formula on exercise performance in cyclists
    Conrad P Earnest
    Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:504-9. 2004
    ..1 (1.8) yr; height: 178.5 (1.8) cm; weight: 77.1 (1.6) kg]...
  32. ncbi request reprint Eight weeks of moderate-intensity exercise training increases heart rate variability in sedentary postmenopausal women
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Tex 75230, USA
    Am Heart J 147:e21. 2004
    ..However, results from studies examining the effect of exercise training on HRV in postmenopausal women are inconclusive. In addition, the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on HRV remains a subject of speculation...
  33. ncbi request reprint Low vs. high glycemic index carbohydrate gel ingestion during simulated 64-km cycling time trial performance
    Conrad P Earnest
    The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:466-72. 2004
    ..06), despite no differences in heart rate (HR) or rate of perceived exertion (RPE). Our results show a trend for improvement in time and wattage over the last 16 km of a 64-km simulated TT regardless of glycemic index...
  34. ncbi request reprint Cholesterol-lowering effects of bovine serum immunoglobulin in participants with mild hypercholesterolemia
    Conrad P Earnest
    Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:792-8. 2005
    ..The consumption of milk products has been shown to lower cholesterol. The mechanism of action surrounding this observation has been attributed to the protein fraction of milk and serum...
  35. ncbi request reprint PPARGC1A genotype (Gly482Ser) predicts exceptional endurance capacity in European men
    Alejandro Lucia
    European University of Madrid, Spain
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:344-8. 2005
    ..This finding has relevance from the perspective of physical performance, but it may also be informative for the targeted prevention of diseases associated with low fitness such as Type 2 diabetes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to quality of life in survivors of breast cancer?
    Fernando Herrero
    European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 20:535-40. 2006
    ..The improvement of both submaximal indices can have a beneficial effect on QOL...
  37. ncbi request reprint Cordyceps sinensis- and Rhodiola rosea-based supplementation in male cyclists and its effect on muscle tissue oxygen saturation
    Sheree N Colson
    Department of Health Sciences, McLennan Community College, Waco, Texas 76708, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:358-63. 2005
    ..05) differences in Sto(2) slope, Sto(2) threshold (Sto(2T)), Vo(2)max, ventilatory threshold (V(T)), or time to exhaustion (T(E)) between or within the treatment or control group. In conclusion, Cs-Rr did not significantly enhance Sto(2)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Heart rate recovery following maximal exercise testing as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes
    Yiling J Cheng
    Cooper Institute, Center for Epidemiological Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:2052-7. 2003
    ..Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality in healthy men. We examined the association of HRR to CVD-related and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes...
  39. ncbi request reprint Complex multivitamin supplementation improves homocysteine and resistance to LDL-C oxidation
    Conrad P Earnest
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas Texas 75230, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 22:400-7. 2003
    ..Our current aim was to more thoroughly examine this same formula in a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical study...
  40. ncbi request reprint Reduction of C-reactive protein levels through use of a multivitamin
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Am J Med 115:702-7. 2003
    ..Elevated C-reactive protein levels are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We examined whether multivitamins reduce C-reactive protein levels...
  41. ncbi request reprint The effects of protein and amino acid supplementation on performance and training adaptations during ten weeks of resistance training
    Chad M Kerksick
    Center for Exercise, Nutrition and Preventive Health Research, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:643-53. 2006
    ..Athletes, coaches, and nutritionists can use these findings to increase fat-free mass and to improve body composition during resistance training...
  42. ncbi request reprint Does creatine supplementation improve functional capacity in elderly women?
    Silvia CaNete
    Universisad Europea de Madrid, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 20:22-8. 2006
    ..In elderly women, short-term oral creatine supplementation does not improve endurance capacity but increases the ability to perform lower-body functional living tasks involving rapid movements...
  43. ncbi request reprint Reliability of the Lode Excalibur Sport Ergometer and applicability to Computrainer electromagnetically braked cycling training device
    Conrad P Earnest
    The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:344-8. 2005
    ..01). We conclude that coaches and cyclists may need to use some caution when directly transferring results obtained from laboratory testing to the Computrainer training device...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effects of oral ATP supplementation on anaerobic power and muscular strength
    Alexander N Jordan
    The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, TX, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:983-90. 2004
    ..We examined 14 d of oral adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) supplementation on indices of anaerobic capacity and muscular strength...
  45. ncbi request reprint Associations of muscle strength and fitness with metabolic syndrome in men
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1301-7. 2004
    ..To examine the associations for muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men...
  46. ncbi request reprint Does intermittent hypoxia increase erythropoiesis in professional cyclists during a 3-week race?
    Jose G Villa
    Dept of Physical Education, Univ of León, Leon, Spain
    Can J Appl Physiol 30:61-73. 2005
    ..Statistical analysis showed that Epo increase tended to be higher (p = 0.052) in the IHE group than in controls (37.4 +/- 5.8% vs. -4.4 +/- 19.5%, respectively). However IHE had no effect on reticulocytes or erythrocyte count (p > 0.05)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Effects of cardiorespiratory fitness on healthcare utilization
    Tedd L Mitchell
    Cooper Clinic, 12200 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:2088-92. 2004
    ..A subset was also evaluated to assess whether improvement in fitness affected incidence of treatments...
  48. ncbi request reprint Field testing of physiological responses associated with Nordic Walking
    Timothy S Church
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications at The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 73:296-300. 2002
    ..7; p < .01) compared to regular walking. Nordic Walking, examined in the field, results in a significant increase in oxygen use and caloric expenditure compared to regular walking, without significantly increasing perceived exertion...
  49. ncbi request reprint How do endurance runners actually train? Relationship with competition performance
    Jonathan Esteve-Lanao
    Exercise Physiology Laboratory, European University of Madrid, Spain
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:496-504. 2005
    ..To quantify the relationship between total training load and running performance during the most important competitions of the season (national cross-country championships, 4.175- and 10.130-km races)...