Timothy S Church

Summary

Affiliation: Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of a commercial herbal-based formula on exercise performance in cyclists
    Conrad P Earnest
    Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:504-9. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Pedometer indices for weekly physical activity recommendations in postmenopausal women
    Alexander N Jordan
    The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Center for Laboratory and Medical Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1627-32. 2005
  3. pmc Inflammation and exercise (INFLAME): study rationale, design, and methods
    Angela M Thompson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 29:418-27. 2008
  4. pmc Obesity, coffee consumption and CRP levels in postmenopausal overweight/obese women: importance of hormone replacement therapy use
    B J Arsenault
    Centre de Recherche de l Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Quebec, Department of Cardiology, Quebec, Canada
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:1419-24. 2009
  5. pmc Changes in weight, waist circumference and compensatory responses with different doses of exercise among sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4515. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Exercise in obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes
    Tim Church
    Laboratory of Preventive Medicine Research, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 53:412-8. 2011
  7. pmc Trends over 5 decades in U.S. occupation-related physical activity and their associations with obesity
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e19657. 2011
  8. pmc Exercise without weight loss does not reduce C-reactive protein: the INFLAME study
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:708-16. 2010
  9. doi request reprint The low-fitness phenotype as a risk factor: more than just being sedentary?
    Timothy Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:S39-42. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of different doses of physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness among sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 297:2081-91. 2007

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications93

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of a commercial herbal-based formula on exercise performance in cyclists
    Conrad P Earnest
    Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:504-9. 2004
    ..1 (1.8) yr; height: 178.5 (1.8) cm; weight: 77.1 (1.6) kg]...
  2. ncbi request reprint Pedometer indices for weekly physical activity recommendations in postmenopausal women
    Alexander N Jordan
    The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Center for Laboratory and Medical Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1627-32. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify pedometer-determined steps per day associated with 50, 100, and 150% of the current public health recommendation for weekly physical activity in sedentary postmenopausal women...
  3. pmc Inflammation and exercise (INFLAME): study rationale, design, and methods
    Angela M Thompson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 29:418-27. 2008
    ..The INFLAME study is designed to determine the effect of exercise training on elevated high-sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (CRP) concentrations in initially sedentary women and men...
  4. pmc Obesity, coffee consumption and CRP levels in postmenopausal overweight/obese women: importance of hormone replacement therapy use
    B J Arsenault
    Centre de Recherche de l Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Quebec, Department of Cardiology, Quebec, Canada
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:1419-24. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between obesity, coffee consumption and variation in CRP in postmenopausal, overweight/obese women with or without hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use...
  5. pmc Changes in weight, waist circumference and compensatory responses with different doses of exercise among sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4515. 2009
    ..The goal of this analysis was to examine actual weight loss compared to predicted weight loss (compensation) across different doses of exercise in a controlled trial of sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women (n = 411)...
  6. doi request reprint Exercise in obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes
    Tim Church
    Laboratory of Preventive Medicine Research, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 53:412-8. 2011
    ..For the purpose of weight loss, the combination of ET and reduced energy intake has been found to be more effective than either alone...
  7. pmc Trends over 5 decades in U.S. occupation-related physical activity and their associations with obesity
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e19657. 2011
    ..The objective of this analysis was to examine trends in occupational physical activity during the past 5 decades and explore how these trends relate to concurrent changes in body weight in the U.S...
  8. pmc Exercise without weight loss does not reduce C-reactive protein: the INFLAME study
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:708-16. 2010
    ..The objective of the Inflammation and Exercise (INFLAME) study was to examine whether aerobic exercise training without dietary intervention can reduce CRP in individuals with elevated CRP...
  9. doi request reprint The low-fitness phenotype as a risk factor: more than just being sedentary?
    Timothy Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:S39-42. 2009
    ..Individuals in the low fit category typically account for the majority of accumulated metabolic/CVD events, thus reducing this risk in this category would have substantial public health and clinical payoff...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of different doses of physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness among sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 297:2081-91. 2007
    ..However, a poor understanding of the physical activity-fitness dose response relation remains...
  11. pmc Metabolic syndrome and diabetes, alone and in combination, as predictors of cardiovascular disease mortality among men
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1289-94. 2009
    ..To examine cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in men with diabetes only, metabolic syndrome only, and concurrent metabolic syndrome and diabetes...
  12. pmc Effects of aerobic and resistance training on hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 304:2253-62. 2010
    ..Exercise guidelines for individuals with diabetes include both aerobic and resistance training although few studies have directly examined this exercise combination...
  13. pmc Effect of exercise training on cardiometabolic risk markers among sedentary, but metabolically healthy overweight or obese post-menopausal women with elevated blood pressure
    Benoit J Arsenault
    Centre de Recherche de l Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Quebec, Quebec, Canada
    Atherosclerosis 207:530-3. 2009
    ..To investigate the effect of exercise training on markers of the lipoprotein-lipid profile and inflammatory markers in post-menopausal overweight/obese women with a moderately elevated systolic blood pressure...
  14. pmc The effect of different doses of aerobic exercise training on exercise blood pressure in overweight and obese postmenopausal women
    Damon L Swift
    Departments of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Menopause 19:503-9. 2012
    ..The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of different doses of aerobic exercise training on exercise blood pressure in obese postmenopausal women...
  15. pmc Racial differences in the response of cardiorespiratory fitness to aerobic exercise training in Caucasian and African American postmenopausal women
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 114:1375-82. 2013
    ..Future studies should investigate the physiologic mechanisms responsible for this attenuated response...
  16. ncbi request reprint Cancer survival through lifestyle change (CASTLE): a pilot study of weight loss
    Melissa Nauta Harris
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808 4124, USA
    Int J Behav Med 20:403-12. 2013
    ..Excess weight is a strong predictor of incident breast cancer (BC) and survivorship. A limited number of studies comparing strategies for promoting successful weight loss in women with remitted BC exist...
  17. pmc Exercise training and habitual physical activity: a randomized controlled trial
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:629-35. 2012
    ..However, the combined effects of habitual free-living physical activity and aerobic training on waist circumference, weight, fitness, and blood pressure in postmenopausal women are unknown...
  18. pmc Adverse metabolic response to regular exercise: is it a rare or common occurrence?
    Claude Bouchard
    Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e37887. 2012
    ..Individuals differ in the response to regular exercise. Whether there are people who experience adverse changes in cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors has never been addressed...
  19. doi request reprint The effect of different doses of aerobic exercise training on endothelial function in postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: results from the DREW study
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Br J Sports Med 46:753-8. 2012
    ..Aerobic exercise training improves endothelial function in individuals with cardiovascular risk; however, it is unknown whether these adaptations occur in a dose-dependent manner...
  20. doi request reprint Patterns of adult stepping cadence in the 2005-2006 NHANES
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Prev Med 53:178-81. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine cadence patterns in free-living adults, and in particular, time spent at increasing cadence increments including 100 steps/min and beyond...
  21. pmc Volume of exercise and fitness nonresponse in sedentary, postmenopausal women
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:539-45. 2009
    ..There is a wide individual heterogeneity in the maximal aerobic fitness (V x O 2max) response to exercise training...
  22. pmc Exercise dose and quality of life: a randomized controlled trial
    Corby K Martin
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:269-78. 2009
    ..Improved quality of life (QOL) is a purported benefit of exercise, but few randomized controlled trials and no dose-response trials have been conducted to examine this assertion...
  23. pmc FTO genotype and the weight loss benefits of moderate intensity exercise
    Jonathan A Mitchell
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:641-3. 2010
    ....
  24. pmc Profiles of sedentary behavior in children and adolescents: the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2006
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:353-9. 2009
    ..To describe the prevalence of time spent in sedentary behaviors (e.g., TV/video and computer use) among youth in the US...
  25. pmc Age attenuated response to aerobic conditioning in postmenopausal women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Exercise Biology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 110:75-82. 2010
    ..05 (-0.01, 0.10)]. Our data show that despite similar exercise intensities, age plays a significant role in the maximal cardiorespiratory response to exercise training regardless of training volume in women who have completed menopause...
  26. ncbi request reprint Obesity and cardiovascular diseases: implications regarding fitness, fatness, and severity in the obesity paradox
    Carl J Lavie
    Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana Electronic address
    J Am Coll Cardiol 63:1345-54. 2014
    ..Finally, in light of the obesity paradox, the potential value of purposeful weight loss and increased physical activity to affect levels of fitness is reviewed...
  27. pmc Effect of exercise training modality on C-reactive protein in type 2 diabetes
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:1028-34. 2012
    ..Aerobic exercise training has been shown to improve CRP; however, there are limited data evaluating the effect of other exercise training modalities (aerobic, resistance, or combination training) in individuals with type 2 diabetes...
  28. ncbi request reprint Accelerometer-determined steps/day and metabolic syndrome
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:575-82. 2010
    ..There is a lack of knowledge about the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and the odds of having metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors...
  29. pmc Leisure time sedentary behavior, occupational/domestic physical activity, and metabolic syndrome in U.S. men and women
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:529-36. 2009
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Impact of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training on markers of inflammation
    Carl J Lavie
    John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School The University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 31:137-45. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training in primary and secondary coronary prevention
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Circ J 77:281-92. 2013
    ..These data strongly support the routine referral of patients with CHD to CRET programs and that patients should be vigorously encouraged to attend CRET following major CHD events...
  32. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of cancer mortality among men with pre-diabetes and diabetes
    Angela M Thompson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 4600 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:764-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this article was to examine the risk of cancer mortality across levels of fitness and to examine the fitness-mortality relation for site-specific cancers in men with pre-diabetes and diabetes...
  33. pmc Skeletal muscle NAMPT is induced by exercise in humans
    Sheila R Costford
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 298:E117-26. 2010
    ..Further studies are necessary to elucidate the pathways regulating NAMPT as well as its downstream effects...
  34. pmc Exercise training and quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    Valerie H Myers
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Lousiana, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:1884-90. 2013
    ..To establish whether exercise improves quality of life (QOL) in individuals with type 2 diabetes and which exercise modalities are involved...
  35. pmc Effect of different doses of aerobic exercise on total white blood cell (WBC) and WBC subfraction number in postmenopausal women: results from DREW
    Neil M Johannsen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31319. 2012
    ..Aerobic exercise is associated with lower total WBC, neutrophil, and monocyte counts. However, no studies have evaluated the effect of the amount of aerobic exercise (dose) on total WBC and WBC subfraction counts...
  36. pmc Effect of different doses of aerobic exercise training on total bilirubin levels
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:569-74. 2012
    ..However, it is unknown if exercise training can increase bilirubin levels and whether a higher dose of exercise will further increase bilirubin levels compared with a lower dose...
  37. pmc The effect of exercise training modality on serum brain derived neurotrophic factor levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes
    Damon L Swift
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e42785. 2012
    ..However, the relationship of BDNF with cardiometabolic risk factors is unclear, and the effect of exercise training on BDNF has not been previously explored in individuals with type 2 diabetes...
  38. doi request reprint Exercise dose-response of the V(E)/VCO(2) slope in postmenopausal women in the DREW study
    Stephanie A Anaya
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:971-6. 2009
    ..Although the V(E)/VCO(2) slope is well established in CHF patients, little is known regarding interventions for "at-risk" populations...
  39. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness, BMI, and risk of hypertension: the HYPGENE study
    Tuomo Rankinen
    Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1687-92. 2007
    ..Genetic factors contribute significantly to the interindividual differences in endurance training-induced changes in BP. However, similar data on the genotype-by-fitness interactions on the risk of hypertension are scarce...
  40. pmc Aerobic and strength training in concomitant metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes
    Conrad P Earnest
    1Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UNITED KINGDOM 2School of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 3Department of Kinesiology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 4Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 5Universidad Europea and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital 12 de Octubre i 12, Madrid, SPAIN 6Division of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA and 7Cardiac Rehabilitation and Prevention, Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, New Orleans, LA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 46:1293-301. 2014
    ....
  41. pmc Examination of mechanisms (E-MECHANIC) of exercise-induced weight compensation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Candice A Myers
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Trials 15:212. 2014
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Association of metabolic risk with longitudinal physical activity and fitness: coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA)
    Sarah M Camhi
    Population Science, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 11:195-204. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether metabolic risk in young adults is associated with 20-year PA or fitness trajectories...
  43. doi request reprint Accelerometer steps/day translation of moderate-to-vigorous activity
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Walkling Behavior Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Prev Med 53:31-3. 2011
    ..Step counters can be used to collect objective PA expressed as steps/day, however the association between steps/day and recommended PA levels is unclear...
  44. pmc Autonomic function and change in insulin for exercising postmenopausal women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, United States
    Maturitas 65:284-91. 2010
    ..Obesity, physical inactivity and altered estrogen metabolism play an integrated role contributing to the disease risk profiles of postmenopausal women. These same risk factors also affect modulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS)...
  45. pmc Maximal fitness testing in sedentary elderly at substantial risk of disability: LIFE-P study experience
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 16:408-15. 2008
    ..The authors sought to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of maximal fitness testing in sedentary older individuals at risk for mobility disability...
  46. pmc Heart rate variability characteristics in sedentary postmenopausal women following six months of exercise training: the DREW study
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2288. 2008
    ..Though cardiorespiratory exercise training increases HRV, little is known regarding the exercise dose necessary to promote this improvement...
  47. pmc Low macrophage accumulation in skeletal muscle of obese type 2 diabetics and elderly subjects
    Charmaine S Tam
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1530-3. 2012
    ..In conclusion, we found little evidence of macrophage accumulation in skeletal muscle in obese T2D subjects or in elderly individuals. A 9-month exercise program was not associated with a decrease in macrophage content...
  48. doi request reprint Sitting time and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:998-1005. 2009
    ..We prospectively examined sitting time and mortality in a representative sample of 17,013 Canadians 18-90 yr of age...
  49. pmc WalkMore: a randomized controlled trial of pedometer-based interventions differing on intensity messages
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    BMC Public Health 14:168. 2014
    ....
  50. pmc Heart rate variability and exercise in aging women
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine and Exercise Biology, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 21:334-9. 2012
    ..Here, we examine the HRV response to exercise training in postmenopausal women younger and older than 60 years...
  51. pmc Genomic predictors of the maximal O₂ uptake response to standardized exercise training programs
    Claude Bouchard
    Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 110:1160-70. 2011
    ..These genomic predictors of the response of Vo(2max) to regular exercise provide new targets for the study of the biology of fitness and its adaptation to regular exercise. Large-scale replication studies are warranted...
  52. pmc Steps/day and metabolic syndrome in African American adults: the Jackson Heart Study
    Robert L Newton
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA Electronic address
    Prev Med 57:855-9. 2013
    ..To examine the relationship between pedometer-measured step count data and the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in African American adults...
  53. pmc The International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE): design and methods
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:900. 2013
    ....
  54. pmc Microencapsulated foods as a functional delivery vehicle for omega-3 fatty acids: a pilot study
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:12. 2009
    ..Our study demonstrates that MicroN3 foods promote the absorption of essential N3, demonstrate bioactivity within 2 weeks of ingestion and are well tolerated in young, active participants who are at low risk for cardiovascular disease...
  55. ncbi request reprint Examination of encapsulated phytosterol ester supplementation on lipid indices associated with cardiovascular disease
    Conrad P Earnest
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Preventive Medicine Laboratory, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Nutrition 23:625-33. 2007
    ..As opposed to traditional food based delivery we examined the efficacy of ingesting encapsulated phytosterol esters on indices of lipid health in hypercholesterolemic adults...
  56. pmc Cardiorespiratory fitness, waist circumference, and alanine aminotransferase in youth
    Jennifer L Trilk
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Greenville, SC 29605, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 45:722-7. 2013
    ..However, information regarding these associations is scarce for youth. The objective of this study is to examine associations between CRF, waist circumference, and ALT in youth...
  57. ncbi request reprint Improvements in blood rheology after cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training in patients with coronary heart disease
    Timothy S Church
    Rheology Laboratory, Department of Structural and Cellular Biology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Am Heart J 143:349-55. 2002
    ..Although increased blood and plasma viscosity have been associated with an increased risk of CHD, the effects of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training on blood rheology in patients with CHD are uncertain...
  58. ncbi request reprint Eight weeks of moderate-intensity exercise training increases heart rate variability in sedentary postmenopausal women
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Tex 75230, USA
    Am Heart J 147:e21. 2004
    ..However, results from studies examining the effect of exercise training on HRV in postmenopausal women are inconclusive. In addition, the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on HRV remains a subject of speculation...
  59. ncbi request reprint Dose Response to Exercise in Women aged 45-75 yr (DREW): design and rationale
    Gina M Morss
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:336-44. 2004
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Exercise capacity and body composition as predictors of mortality among men with diabetes
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:83-8. 2004
    ..To quantify the relation of fitness to mortality among men with diabetes, adjusted for BMI and within levels of BMI...
  61. ncbi request reprint Comparison of coronary artery calcium detected by electron beam tomography in patients with to those without symptomatic coronary heart disease
    Yiling J Cheng
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Am J Cardiol 92:498-503. 2003
    ..These observations support the potential of EBT as a sensitive test for detection of CHD...
  62. ncbi request reprint Heart rate reserve as a predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men
    Yiling J Cheng
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1873-8. 2002
    ..This study examined the relationship of heart rate reserve (HRR: maximal heart rate - resting heart rate) and cardiovascular disease mortality (CVD) or all-cause mortality among healthy men...
  63. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates the effects of the metabolic syndrome on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Arch Intern Med 164:1092-7. 2004
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a prevalent condition that carries with it an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality...
  64. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index as predictors of cardiovascular disease mortality among men with diabetes
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2114-20. 2005
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Association of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index, and waist circumference to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Gastroenterology 130:2023-30. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference with markers of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
  66. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome: a prospective study of men and women
    Michael J LaMonte
    Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Circulation 112:505-12. 2005
    ..Few studies have reported the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic syndrome incidence, particularly in women...
  67. ncbi request reprint Cholesterol-lowering effects of bovine serum immunoglobulin in participants with mild hypercholesterolemia
    Conrad P Earnest
    Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:792-8. 2005
    ..The consumption of milk products has been shown to lower cholesterol. The mechanism of action surrounding this observation has been attributed to the protein fraction of milk and serum...
  68. pmc A prospective study of cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Xuemei Sui
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:550-5. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the independent and joint associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and BMI with the incidence of type 2 diabetes in women...
  69. ncbi request reprint Associations of muscle strength and fitness with metabolic syndrome in men
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1301-7. 2004
    ..To examine the associations for muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men...
  70. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with lower abdominal fat independent of body mass index
    Suzy L Wong
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:286-91. 2004
    ....
  71. pmc Body mass index as a predictor of hypertension incidence among initially healthy normotensive women
    Sara L Shuger
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
    Am J Hypertens 21:613-9. 2008
    ....
  72. ncbi request reprint Abdominal obesity, liver fat, and muscle composition in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3816-21. 2007
    ..Survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) become obese, and are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality post therapy...
  73. ncbi request reprint Revised Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines and cardiovascular disease mortality in men attending a preventive medical clinic
    Chris I Ardern
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada
    Circulation 112:1478-85. 2005
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint The Cooper Clinic Mortality Risk Index: clinical score sheet for men
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 29:194-203. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint Field testing of physiological responses associated with Nordic Walking
    Timothy S Church
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications at The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 73:296-300. 2002
    ..7; p < .01) compared to regular walking. Nordic Walking, examined in the field, results in a significant increase in oxygen use and caloric expenditure compared to regular walking, without significantly increasing perceived exertion...
  76. ncbi request reprint Visceral fat is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in men
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:336-41. 2006
    ..To examine the independent associations of abdominal fat (visceral and subcutaneous) and liver fat with all-cause mortality...
  77. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcium score, risk factors, and incident coronary heart disease events
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, United States
    Atherosclerosis 190:224-31. 2007
    ..We sought to identify a potential threshold of coronary artery calcium for clinical use and examine the predictive power of coronary artery calcium in individuals categorized using conventional coronary heart disease risk assessment...
  78. ncbi request reprint The importance of waist circumference in the definition of metabolic syndrome: prospective analyses of mortality in men
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Diabetes Care 29:404-9. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Association of muscular strength with incidence of metabolic syndrome in men
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1849-55. 2005
    ..To examine the association between muscular strength and incidence of metabolic syndrome...
  80. ncbi request reprint Assessing cardiorespiratory fitness without performing exercise testing
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:185-93. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to extend previous work on a non-exercise test model to predict CRF from health indicators that are easily obtained...
  81. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and diabetes prevention
    Michael J LaMonte
    Center for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:1205-13. 2005
    ..In this review we will discuss some of the key observational and experimental studies that have examined associations among physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes...
  82. ncbi request reprint Liver fat is not a marker of metabolic risk in lean premenopausal women
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Metabolism 53:1066-71. 2004
    ..Conversely, both visceral and the deep subcutaneous depot are determinants of metabolic risk in premenopausal woman despite the absence of obesity...
  83. ncbi request reprint Independent associations between liver fat, visceral adipose tissue, and metabolic risk factors in men
    Kathleen P McMillan
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:265-72. 2007
    ..Both liver fat and visceral AT were associated with metabolic risk in men. However, when controlled for each other, visceral AT was the only independent associate of metabolic risk...
  84. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal changes in cardiorespiratory fitness: measurement error or true change?
    Andrew S Jackson
    Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1175-80. 2004
    ..We tested the research hypothesis that longitudinal changes in cardiorespiratory fitness of the ACLS cohort were a multivariate function of changes in self-report physical activity (SR-PA), resting heart rate, and body mass index (BMI)...
  85. ncbi request reprint Metabolic syndrome, obesity, and mortality: impact of cardiorespiratory fitness
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 28:391-7. 2005
    ..To determine in normal weight, overweight, and obese men the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)...
  86. ncbi request reprint Reduction of C-reactive protein levels through use of a multivitamin
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Am J Med 115:702-7. 2003
    ..Elevated C-reactive protein levels are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We examined whether multivitamins reduce C-reactive protein levels...
  87. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates metabolic risk independent of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat in men
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Diabetes Care 28:895-901. 2005
    ..Unknown is whether CRF attenuates health risk for a given level of abdominal visceral fat, subcutaneous fat, and/or waist circumference...
  88. ncbi request reprint Complex multivitamin supplementation improves homocysteine and resistance to LDL-C oxidation
    Conrad P Earnest
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas Texas 75230, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 22:400-7. 2003
    ..Our current aim was to more thoroughly examine this same formula in a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical study...
  89. ncbi request reprint Reliability of the Lode Excalibur Sport Ergometer and applicability to Computrainer electromagnetically braked cycling training device
    Conrad P Earnest
    The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:344-8. 2005
    ..01). We conclude that coaches and cyclists may need to use some caution when directly transferring results obtained from laboratory testing to the Computrainer training device...
  90. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcium score and coronary heart disease events in a large cohort of asymptomatic men and women
    Michael J LaMonte
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:421-9. 2005
    ..These findings show that CAC is associated with an increased risk of CHD events in asymptomatic women and men...
  91. ncbi request reprint Heart rate recovery following maximal exercise testing as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes
    Yiling J Cheng
    Cooper Institute, Center for Epidemiological Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:2052-7. 2003
    ..Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality in healthy men. We examined the association of HRR to CVD-related and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes...
  92. ncbi request reprint Visceral fat and liver fat are independent predictors of metabolic risk factors in men
    Thanh Binh Nguyen-Duy
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 284:E1065-71. 2003
    ..These observations reinforce the importance of visceral obesity in the pathogenesis of dyslipidemia in men, and they suggest that visceral AT and liver fat carry independent health risk...
  93. ncbi request reprint Effects of oral ATP supplementation on anaerobic power and muscular strength
    Alexander N Jordan
    The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, TX, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:983-90. 2004
    ..We examined 14 d of oral adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) supplementation on indices of anaerobic capacity and muscular strength...

Research Grants11

  1. C-Reactive Protein and Exercise in Postmenopausal Women
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies represent an innovative, unique, timely, and cost-effective opportunity to quickly explore the relation between CRP, physical activity, and HRT. ..
  2. Health benefits of Aerobic and Resistance Training in individuals with Diabetes
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The primary outcome measure is HbA1c, an integrated measure of blood glucose control over the past 8-12 weeks. ..
  3. INFLAME: Inflammation and Exercise
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  4. Health benefits of Aerobic and Resistance Training in individuals with Diabetes
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The primary outcome measure is HbA1c, an integrated measure of blood glucose control over the past 8-12 weeks. ..
  5. INFLAME: Inflammation and Exercise
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  6. INFLAME: Inflammation and Exercise
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  7. INFLAME: Inflammation and Exercise
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. INFLAME: Inflammation and Exercise
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  9. C-Reactive Protein and Exercise in Postmenopausal Women
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies represent an innovative, unique, timely, and cost-effective opportunity to quickly explore the relation between CRP, physical activity, and HRT. ..
  10. Health benefits of Aerobic and Resistance Training in individuals with Diabetes
    Timothy Church; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The primary outcome measure is HbA1c, an integrated measure of blood glucose control over the past 8-12 weeks. ..