R B Voas

Summary

Affiliation: Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Strengthening impaired-driving enforcement in the United States
    Robert B Voas
    Impaired Driving Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3111, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 14:661-70. 2013
  2. pmc Administrative reinstatement interlock programs: Florida, a 10-year study
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 37:1243-51. 2013
  3. pmc Alcohol and drug use among young adults driving to a drinking location
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:69-73. 2013
  4. pmc Drinking drivers and drug use on weekend nights in the United States
    Robert B Voas
    Impaired Driving Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 130:215-21. 2013
  5. pmc Commentary on Fitzpatrick and colleagues (2012): Forecasting the effect of the amethyst initiative on college drinking
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 36:1479-82. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Validity of the passive alcohol sensor for estimating BACs in DWI-enforcement operations
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:714-21. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Barriers to interlock implementation
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:12-6. 2003
  8. pmc Validity of surrogate measures of alcohol involvement when applied to nonfatal crashes
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Dr, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 41:522-30. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Emerging technological approaches for controlling the hard core DUI offender in the U.S
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:309-16. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Controlling impaired driving through vehicle programs: an overview
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:292-8. 2004

Detail Information

Publications74

  1. pmc Strengthening impaired-driving enforcement in the United States
    Robert B Voas
    Impaired Driving Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3111, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 14:661-70. 2013
    ..This article reviews 2 current U.S. driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) laws and their enforcement with an aim toward generating opportunities to improve their enforcement approaches...
  2. pmc Administrative reinstatement interlock programs: Florida, a 10-year study
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 37:1243-51. 2013
    ..This report updates an earlier evaluation of the administrative reinstatement interlock program (ARIP) procedure implemented in Florida in 2002...
  3. pmc Alcohol and drug use among young adults driving to a drinking location
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:69-73. 2013
    ..We explored whether drivers were using less alcohol and fewer drugs at exit than their passengers were and whether a driver for the group ever changed after consuming too much during the evening...
  4. pmc Drinking drivers and drug use on weekend nights in the United States
    Robert B Voas
    Impaired Driving Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 130:215-21. 2013
    ..S. roads was unknown. Using NRS data, we explore how many drivers with positive BrACs may also be using drugs and their significance to current drinking-driving enforcement procedures...
  5. pmc Commentary on Fitzpatrick and colleagues (2012): Forecasting the effect of the amethyst initiative on college drinking
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 36:1479-82. 2012
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Validity of the passive alcohol sensor for estimating BACs in DWI-enforcement operations
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:714-21. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Barriers to interlock implementation
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:12-6. 2003
    ..A combination of electronic house arrest with interlock programs is suggested as a method of maximizing interlock use...
  8. pmc Validity of surrogate measures of alcohol involvement when applied to nonfatal crashes
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Dr, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 41:522-30. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Emerging technological approaches for controlling the hard core DUI offender in the U.S
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:309-16. 2004
    ..Although those technologies offer considerable promise, they have not yet been evaluated in programs for impaired driving offenders. Eight issues related to the probability of rapid implementation of the new technologies are discussed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Controlling impaired driving through vehicle programs: an overview
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:292-8. 2004
    ..The issues that arise in implementing vehicle sanction programs are discussed and the actions taken by states to deal with them are described...
  11. ncbi request reprint Barriers to interlock implementation
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:183-7. 2003
    ..A combination of electronic house arrest with interlock programs is suggested as a method of maximizing interlock use...
  12. ncbi request reprint Drinking status and fatal crashes: which drinkers contribute most to the problem?
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:722-9. 2006
    ..The object of this study was to estimate the relative contribution of various classes of drinkers (including those with alcohol-use disorders) to alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes...
  13. ncbi request reprint Alcohol involvement in fatal crashes under three crash exposure measures
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:107-14. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Impact of primary safety belt laws on alcohol-related front-seat occupant fatalities: five case studies
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:232-43. 2007
    ....
  15. doi request reprint A new look at NHTSA's evaluation of the 1984 Charlottesville Sobriety Checkpoint Program: implications for current checkpoint issues
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:22-30. 2008
    ..Because of its significance to current issues in the staffing of and procedures for checkpoint operations, this article reanalyzes the results of that study and describes the procedures implemented in checkpoints...
  16. pmc Bringing alcohol on campus to raise money: impact on student drinking and drinking problems
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Addiction 103:940-50; discussion 951-2. 2008
    ..This study evaluates the effect of a policy change on student drinking at a large western university that had historically banned alcohol on campus but transitioned to permitting the sale of alcohol in some of its facilities...
  17. pmc Implied-consent laws: a review of the literature and examination of current problems and related statutes
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    J Safety Res 40:77-83. 2009
    ....
  18. doi request reprint DUI offenders delay license reinstatement: a problem?
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3111, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:1282-90. 2010
    ..Apparently, many feel they can avoid apprehension for unlicensed driving; the limited research to date suggests that up to 75% of convicted offenders continue to drive and up to 84% delay reinstatement for 3 or more years...
  19. doi request reprint Requiring suspended drunk drivers to install alcohol interlocks to reinstate their licenses: effective?
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Addiction 105:1422-8. 2010
    ..To evaluate a new method being used by some states for motivating interlock installation by requiring it as a prerequisite to reinstatement of the driver's license...
  20. doi request reprint Towards a national model for managing impaired driving offenders
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Addiction 106:1221-7. 2011
    ..To describe a proposed national model for controlling the risk presented by offenders convicted of driving while impaired (DWI) and promoting behavioral change to reduce future recidivism...
  21. ncbi request reprint Assessing the effectiveness of minimum legal drinking age and zero tolerance laws in the United States
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:579-87. 2003
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Temporary vehicle impoundment in Ohio: a replication and confirmation
    R B Voas
    National Public Services Research Institute, Landover, MD 20785, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 30:651-5. 1998
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Reducing high-risk drinking by young Americans south of the border: the impact of a partial ban on sales of alcohol
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 63:286-92. 2002
    ..Determine the effect of a partial sales ban on cross border drinking in Mexico...
  24. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a program to motivate impaired driving offenders to install ignition interlocks
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:449-55. 2002
    ..Comparison of the recidivism rates of offenders subject to this policy with offenders in similar, nearby courts, not using interlocks, indicated that the policy was producing substantial reductions in DUI recidivism...
  25. ncbi request reprint Children in fatal crashes: driver blood alcohol concentration and demographics of child passengers and their drivers
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Addiction 97:1439-48. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Operation safe crossing: using science within a community intervention
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Addiction 97:1205-14. 2002
    ..The data were also used to help design the enforcement effort and measure progress in reducing the cross-border drinking problem...
  27. ncbi request reprint Permission to cross the border: effective policy reduces high-risk drinking by Marines
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 63:645-8. 2002
    ..To reduce cross-border drinking, the base command instituted a "chit" system requiring enlisted men to receive written permission to cross the border. This study evaluates the effectiveness of that policy...
  28. ncbi request reprint The Illinois .08 law. An evaluation
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton Office Park, Suite 300, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    J Safety Res 33:73-80. 2002
    ..The proportion of drinking drivers in fatal crashes in Illinois, though increasing since 1995, was sharply reduced after passage of the .08 law in 1997, saving more than 100 lives in 1998 and 1999 than it would have without the .08 law...
  29. ncbi request reprint Robert F. Borkenstein: an appreciation
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300Calverton, MD 20705USAE mail
    Addiction 98:371. 2003
  30. ncbi request reprint The relationship of alcohol safety laws to drinking drivers in fatal crashes
    R B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Landover, MD 20875, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 32:483-92. 2000
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Vehicle action: effective policy for controlling drunk and other high-risk drivers?
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Instittute Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:263-70. 2002
    ..Highlighted in this review are several issues that appear to be important to the effectiveness of vehicle sanctioning programs...
  32. pmc The relationship of 16 underage drinking laws to reductions in underage drinking drivers in fatal crashes in the United States
    J C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:537-57. 2007
    ..This suggests that the two mandatory elements of the Federal MLDA 21 law are having the desired effect of reducing underage alcohol-related highway deaths...
  33. ncbi request reprint Court procedures for handling intoxicated drivers
    R B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 25:32-42. 2001
    ..This role of the courts in monitoring offenders will likely increase as the use of intrusive, alternative sanctions grows...
  34. ncbi request reprint Predicting repeat DUI offenses with the alcohol interlock recorder
    P R Marques
    Public Services Research Institute, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation PSRI PIRE, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 33:609-19. 2001
    ..Several variables, but primarily more prior DUIs and more interlock warns and fails logged during the first 5 months of interlock usage predict greater than 60% of repeat DUI with a false positive rate of less than 10%...
  35. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a program to motivate impaired driving offenders to install ignition interlocks
    R B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 45:303-16. 2001
    ..Comparison of the recidivism rates of offenders subject to this policy with offenders in similar, nearby courts not using interlocks indicated that the policy was producing substantial reductions in DUI recidivism...
  36. ncbi request reprint Forfeiture programs in California: why so few?
    Raymond Peck
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    J Safety Res 33:245-58. 2002
    ..Published evaluations indicate that vehicle impoundment laws reduce recidivism and crash rates. However, vehicle forfeiture programs have been less successful, mostly because of low levels of enforcement...
  37. ncbi request reprint Multimethod measurement of high-risk drinking locations: extending the portal survey method with follow-up telephone interviews
    Tara Kelley-Baker
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, USA
    Eval Rev 31:490-507. 2007
    ..These experiences could only be captured in a follow-up survey, as they happened after participants left the border area...
  38. ncbi request reprint Defining binge drinking quantities through resulting blood alcohol concentrations
    J E Lange
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 15:310-6. 2001
    ..Results indicate that currently used definitions of binge drinking predict relatively low BACs and may not be capturing the excessive-drunkenness quality of the term. Consumption duration may explain the lower BACs...
  39. ncbi request reprint Breath-test surveys at the Mexico border: changes over time in BAC among military personnel
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Beltsville, MD, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 46:416-8. 2002
  40. ncbi request reprint A partial ban on sales to reduce high-risk drinking South of the border: seven years later
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:746-53. 2006
    ..The present study's objective was to determine the long-term (7-year) effect of the earlier-closing bar policy on cross-border drinking in Mexico...
  41. doi request reprint The relationship between blood alcohol concentration (BAC), age, and crash risk
    Raymond C Peck
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, 900, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    J Safety Res 39:311-9. 2008
    ..The evidence for this hypothesis is mixed. Resolution of this issue has important implication for developing countermeasures directed at the young driver crash problem...
  42. pmc The relationship of underage drinking laws to reductions in drinking drivers in fatal crashes in the United States
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1430-40. 2008
    ..From state to state, a unit difference (increase) in the strength of the False ID Use law was associated with a 7.3% smaller outcome measure (p=0.034)...
  43. pmc A note on the use of passive alcohol sensors during routine traffic stops
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3111, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:534-8. 2008
    ..To determine whether the use of a passive alcohol sensor (PAS) in routine traffic enforcement increases the driving-under-the-influence (DUI) arrest rate of alcohol-impaired drivers...
  44. ncbi request reprint Preventing alcohol-related convictions: the effect of a novel curriculum for first-time offenders on DUI recidivism
    Raamses Rider
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:147-52. 2007
    ..To determine whether DUI offenders can better avoid future drinking and driving by controlling their vehicle usage rather than by controlling their drinking...
  45. pmc The impact of underage drinking laws on alcohol-related fatal crashes of young drivers
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Beltsville Drive, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:1208-19. 2009
    ..This study used a pre- to post-design to evaluate the influence on drinking-and-driving fatal crashes of 6 laws directed at youth aged 20 and younger and 4 laws targeting all drivers...
  46. ncbi request reprint Tijuana alcohol control policies: a response to cross-border high-risk drinking by young Americans
    Eduardo Romano
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    Prev Sci 5:127-34. 2004
    ..Also, by demonstrating the racial/ethnic heterogeneity of American visitors to Tijuana bars, our study points out the need for prevention policies designed north of the border to take such heterogeneity into account...
  47. pmc The consequences of providing drinkers with blood alcohol concentration information on assessments of alcohol impairment and drunk-driving risk
    Mark B Johnson
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3111, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:539-49. 2008
    ..We examined the effect of providing drinkers with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) information on subjective assessments of alcohol impairment and drunk-driving risk...
  48. pmc Female involvement in fatal crashes: increasingly riskier or increasingly exposed?
    Eduardo Romano
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1781-8. 2008
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Sobriety checkpoints: evidence of effectiveness is strong, but use is limited
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:220-7. 2004
    ..As a standard traffic enforcement activity, the cost would be covered by the normal enforcement budget...
  50. ncbi request reprint Living dangerously: driver distraction at high speed
    Mark B Johnson
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:1-7. 2004
    ..The Turnpike survey indicated that cell phones were used less on weekends and at night, and when the driver was exceeding the speed limit or had a passenger in the car...
  51. ncbi request reprint The alcohol interlock: an underutilized resource for predicting and controlling drunk drivers
    Paul R Marques
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:188-94. 2003
    ..Policy changes are discussed that might take better advantage of interlock information to improve the public response to drunk driving...
  52. ncbi request reprint Potential risks of providing drinking drivers with BAC information
    Mark B Johnson
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:42-9. 2004
    ..It underscores the importance of testing BAC estimation tools under field conditions and the potential risks associated with tests that do not produce accurate results...
  53. ncbi request reprint Language, income, education, and alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes
    Eduardo O Romano
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Ste 300, Calverton, MD, 20725 3102, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 5:119-37. 2006
    ..Future reductions in alcohol-related traffic fatalities may require prevention policies that take into account existent variations in acculturation, income, and education among racial/ethnic groups and subgroups...
  54. pmc Drug and alcohol-impaired driving among electronic music dance event attendees
    Debra Furr-Holden
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Public Services Research Institute, 11710 Beltsville Dr, Suite 125, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 85:83-6. 2006
    ..EMDEs are late-night dance parties marked by a substantial number of young adult attendees and elevated drug involvement. No studies to date have examined drug-impaired driving in a natural environment with active drug and alcohol users...
  55. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of .08 BAC laws in 19 jurisdictions in the United States
    A Scott Tippetts
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Dr, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 37:149-61. 2005
    ..This analysis suggests that 947 lives might have been saved, had all 50 states and the District of Columbia had the .08 law throughout the year 2000...
  56. ncbi request reprint The alcohol interlock: an underutilized resource for predicting and controlling drunk drivers
    Paul R Marques
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:5-11. 2003
    ..Policy changes are discussed that might take better advantage of interlock information to improve the public response to drunk driving...
  57. ncbi request reprint Comparative and joint prediction of DUI recidivism from alcohol ignition interlock and driver records
    Paul R Marques
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:83-92. 2003
    ..Each breath test is recorded. The study evaluated the interlock record as a predictor of future DUI offenses relative to driver records and self-report items...
  58. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of reducing illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limits for driving: evidence for lowering the limit to .05 BAC
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    J Safety Res 37:233-43. 2006
    ..This scientific review provides a summary of the evidence regarding the benefits of reducing the illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for driving and providing a case for enacting a .05 BAC limit...
  59. ncbi request reprint Behavioral measures of drinking: patterns from the Alcohol Interlock Record
    Paul R Marques
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Addiction 98:13-9. 2003
    ..This report reviews breath test data captured by the alcohol ignition interlock, a device that prevents a car from starting when BAC (breath alcohol concentration) is elevated...
  60. ncbi request reprint The impact of a novel educational curriculum for first-time DUI offenders on intermediate outcomes relevant to DUI recidivism
    Raamses Rider
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 38:482-9. 2006
    ..Future research will assess the ultimate effect on DUI recidivism...
  61. ncbi request reprint Effect of community-based interventions on high-risk drinking and alcohol-related injuries
    H D Holder
    Prevention Research Center, 2150 Shattuck Ave, Suite 900, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    JAMA 284:2341-7. 2000
    ..High-risk alcohol consumption patterns, such as binge drinking and drinking before driving, and underage drinking may be linked to traffic crashes and violent assaults in community settings...
  62. ncbi request reprint Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD): the first 25 years
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:195-212. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Portal surveys of time-out drinking locations: a tool for studying binge drinking and AOD use
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD, USA
    Eval Rev 30:44-65. 2006
    ..Recent applications of the portal survey procedure to electronic music dance events that occur in established venues (e.g., bars or nightclubs) are discussed...
  64. ncbi request reprint A failed norms social marketing campaign
    John D Clapp
    School of Social Work, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, California 92182 4119 USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:409-14. 2003
    ..In this article we test the efficacy of an intensive norms social marketing campaign to reduce heavy drinking among college students living in a residence hall...
  65. ncbi request reprint Alcohol and other drug use and the transition from riding to driving
    Robert B Voas
    Addiction 102:8-10. 2007
  66. ncbi request reprint Correlation between modes of drinking and modes of driving as reported by students at two American universities
    John D Clapp
    San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182 4119, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:161-6. 2003
    ..Multivariate analyses indicate past year DUIBs, monthly frequency of drinking and monthly marijuana use predicted recent DUIB...
  67. ncbi request reprint Reducing DUI among US college students: results of an environmental prevention trial
    John D Clapp
    San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    Addiction 100:327-34. 2005
    ..Such interventions remain untested in college settings. This study is the first to test the efficacy of an environmental prevention campaign to reduce DUI among college students...
  68. ncbi request reprint The sidewalk survey: a field methodology to measure late-night college drinking
    Mark B Johnson
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
    Eval Rev 30:27-43. 2006
    ..Descriptive summaries of the data collected through spring 2003 are provided, and limitations to methodology are discussed...
  69. ncbi request reprint College binge drinking: what is it? Who does it?
    James E Lange
    Student Health Services, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182 4701, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:723-30. 2002
    ..Johnson, Robert B. Voas, and James E. Lange. The summary and discussion were provided by Mary Larimer...
  70. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of experimental interventions designed to reduce drinking among designated drivers
    James E Lange
    AOD Initiatives Research, San Diego State University, 6386 Alvarado Court, Suite 224, San Diego, California 92120, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:261-8. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of six interventions designed to reduce alcohol consumption among designated drivers...
  71. ncbi request reprint Implementation of Washington State's zero tolerance law: patterns of arrests, dispositions, and recidivism
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:339-45. 2007
    ..The present study examined effects of the ZT law on arrests and case dispositions among underage offenders as a function of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and post-law patterns of recidivism...
  72. ncbi request reprint South of the border: a legal haven for underage drinking
    James E Lange
    Student Health Services, Health Promotion Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    Addiction 97:1195-203. 2002
    ..The research describes the characteristics and motivations of youthful San Diego County residents who patronize the bars and nightclubs in Tijuana, Mexico...
  73. ncbi request reprint Breath alcohol concentrations of college students in field settings: seasonal, temporal, and contextual patterns
    John D Clapp
    Center for Alcohol and Drug Studies and Services, 6386 Alvarado Court, Suite 224, San Diego, California 92182, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:323-31. 2008
    ..Seasonality in alcohol consumption has implications for epidemiology and prevention. In this research we examined seasonal, temporal, and contextual variation in drinking among college students at a large West Coast university...
  74. pmc Minimum purchasing age for alcohol and traffic crash injuries among 15- to 19-year-olds in New Zealand
    Kypros Kypri
    University of Newcastle, 2 Edison St, Adamstown Heights, NSW 2289 Australia
    Am J Public Health 96:126-31. 2006
    ..In 1999, New Zealand lowered the minimum purchasing age for alcohol from 20 to 18 years. We tested the hypothesis that this increased traffic crash injuries among 15- to 19-year-olds...

Research Grants26

  1. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  2. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  4. Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  5. Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand example
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol Safety
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
  7. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
  8. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Research to date has shown that following removal of the interlock, participants have the same recidivism rate as offenders who did not choose to install interlocks and remain fully suspended instead. ..
  9. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..