Christopher Ringwalt

Summary

Affiliation: Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Random drug testing in US public school districts
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:826-8. 2008
  2. pmc Responses to positive results from suspicionless random drug tests in US public school districts
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Sch Health 79:177-83. 2009
  3. doi request reprint Project ALERT: a cluster randomized trial
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:625-32. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with fidelity to substance use prevention curriculum guides in the nation's middle schools
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 3307, USA
    Health Educ Behav 30:375-91. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint The potential of coaching as a strategy to improve the effectiveness of school-based substance use prevention curricula
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
    Health Educ Behav 36:696-710. 2009
  6. pmc Three-year trajectory of teachers' fidelity to a drug prevention curriculum
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 2812, USA
    Prev Sci 11:67-76. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint The cultural tailoring of a substance use prevention curriculum for American Indian youth
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 36:159-77. 2006
  8. doi request reprint The effects of Project ALERT one year past curriculum completion
    Chris L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Prev Sci 11:172-84. 2010
  9. pmc The effects of students' curriculum engagement, attitudes toward their teachers, and perception of their teachers' skills on school-based prevention curriculum outcomes
    Christopher Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 39:223-37. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Students' special needs and problems as reasons for the adaptation of substance abuse prevention curricula in the nation's middle schools
    Chris Ringwalt
    Chapel Hill Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 2812, USA
    Prev Sci 5:197-206. 2004

Research Grants

  1. Promoting Fidelity Using Remote and Onsite Support
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. SCHOOL BASED DRUG PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2001
  3. Diffusion of Drug Prevention Curricula Nationwide
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. pmc Random drug testing in US public school districts
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:826-8. 2008
    ..Almost all districts randomly tested athletes, and 65% randomly tested other students engaged in extracurricular activities; 28% randomly tested all students, exceeding the current sanction of the US Supreme Court...
  2. pmc Responses to positive results from suspicionless random drug tests in US public school districts
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Sch Health 79:177-83. 2009
    ..The primary purpose of the current study was to describe school districts' responses to students' first positive result in districts with SRDT programs...
  3. doi request reprint Project ALERT: a cluster randomized trial
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:625-32. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effects of Project ALERT on adolescents' lifetime and 30-day use of cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants...
  4. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with fidelity to substance use prevention curriculum guides in the nation's middle schools
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 3307, USA
    Health Educ Behav 30:375-91. 2003
    ..The authors conclude that some degree of curriculum adaptation is inevitable and suggest how adherence to curricula guides may be improved through teacher training...
  5. ncbi request reprint The potential of coaching as a strategy to improve the effectiveness of school-based substance use prevention curricula
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
    Health Educ Behav 36:696-710. 2009
    ..The effects of coaching on teachers may not become evident until future years, when they have moved beyond an initial mechanical delivery of the curriculum...
  6. pmc Three-year trajectory of teachers' fidelity to a drug prevention curriculum
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 2812, USA
    Prev Sci 11:67-76. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint The cultural tailoring of a substance use prevention curriculum for American Indian youth
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 36:159-77. 2006
    ..We conclude with a discussion of the adequacy of the model of CT we developed and the potential challenges and benefits of subjecting other curricula to this process...
  8. doi request reprint The effects of Project ALERT one year past curriculum completion
    Chris L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Prev Sci 11:172-84. 2010
    ..Our findings do not support the long-term effectiveness of Project ALERT, when delivered to sixth graders...
  9. pmc The effects of students' curriculum engagement, attitudes toward their teachers, and perception of their teachers' skills on school-based prevention curriculum outcomes
    Christopher Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 39:223-37. 2009
    ..Study findings suggest the importance of these three attributes to the achievement of the objectives of prevention curricula...
  10. ncbi request reprint Students' special needs and problems as reasons for the adaptation of substance abuse prevention curricula in the nation's middle schools
    Chris Ringwalt
    Chapel Hill Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 2812, USA
    Prev Sci 5:197-206. 2004
    ..We discuss the need for curriculum developers to recognize the frequency with which, and reasons for which, teachers are adapting their curricula, and to include appropriate optional content that addresses students' needs...
  11. pmc The prevalence of effective substance use prevention curricula in the nation's high schools
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 East Franklin Street, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Prim Prev 29:479-88. 2008
    ..This should challenge researchers and government officials to improve dissemination and school officials to utilize evaluated programs...
  12. ncbi request reprint Alcohol prevention strategies on college campuses and student alcohol abuse and related problems
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 41:99-118. 2011
    ..Colleges should pay particular attention to strategies related to policy and enforcement...
  13. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of effective substance use prevention curricula in U.S. middle schools
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 3307, USA
    Prev Sci 3:257-65. 2002
    ..Prevention researchers and practitioners should work closely together to find ways to increase the proportion of schools implementing effective curricula...
  14. doi request reprint The effects of No Child Left Behind on the prevalence of evidence-based drug prevention curricula in the nation's middle schools
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 East Franklin Street, Suite 200 Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Sch Health 81:265-72. 2011
    ..The purpose of this article is to explore whether NCLB legislation has affected the provision of evidence-based drug prevention curricula (EBC) in the nation's middle schools, a subject area that is not assessed by standardized tests...
  15. pmc The utility of keg registration laws: a cross-sectional study
    Chris L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Adolesc Health 48:106-8. 2011
    ..We examined the association between the strength and comprehensiveness of these policies and measures of beer consumption in the general population and adolescent binge drinking, as well as drinking and driving...
  16. doi request reprint The use of one- versus two-tailed tests to evaluate prevention programs
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Eval Health Prof 34:135-50. 2011
    ..The authors also conclude that the traditional threshold of significance that places α at .05 is arbitrary and obsolete, and that evaluators should consistently report the exact p values they find...
  17. ncbi request reprint Reasons for teachers' adaptation of substance use prevention curricula in schools with non-white student populations
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 2812, USA
    Prev Sci 5:61-7. 2004
    ..We suggest that curriculum developers make a systematic effort to understand how teachers are adapting their curricula in high minority schools and incorporate these modifications, if found effective, into their curricula...
  18. ncbi request reprint Who's calling the shots? Decision-makers and the adoption of effective school-based substance use prevention curricula
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 34:19-31. 2004
    ..However, we did find some support for our hypothesis from our district-level informants, who indicated that community groups and advisory committees also play a modest role in the selection of such curricula...
  19. pmc Implementing evidence-based substance use prevention curricula with fidelity: the role of teacher training
    Sean Hanley
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Drug Educ 39:39-58. 2009
    ..Analyses revealed that teachers whose training emphasized adherence were 5 times as likely to be more adherent. We present recommendations for training-related factors that may increase fidelity of implementation...
  20. pmc The prevalence of evidence-based substance use prevention curricula in the nation's elementary schools
    Sean M Hanley
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
    J Drug Educ 40:51-60. 2010
    ..We present prevalence estimates for specific evidence-based curricula and conclude by discussing possible reasons for and implications of our findings...
  21. ncbi request reprint The effects of Project SUCCESS on student academic performance: a quasi-experimental study
    Stephen R Shamblen
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
    J Drug Educ 38:1-14. 2008
    ..We note that these findings are particularly fortuitous, as PS was not designed to affect these outcomes. We recommend that future evaluations of school-based prevention curricula routinely include academic performance...
  22. ncbi request reprint A short-term, quasi-experimental evaluation of D.A.R.E.'s revised elementary school curriculum
    Amy A Vincus
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
    J Drug Educ 40:37-49. 2010
    ..A.R.E. lessons and that students in the intervention group were more likely to have been suspended. Study findings provide little support for the implementation and dissemination of the revised D.A.R.E. curriculum...
  23. pmc Reducing youth access to alcohol: findings from a community-based randomized trial
    Robert L Flewelling
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill Center, 1516 E Franklin Street Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 51:264-77. 2013
    ....
  24. pmc The prevalence of evidence-based drug use prevention curricula in U.S. middle schools in 2005
    Chris Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin Street, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC, 27514, USA
    Prev Sci 10:33-40. 2009
    ..More information is needed as to why over three-quarters of the nation's schools with middle school grades continue to administer curricula that have not been identified as effective...
  25. ncbi request reprint Comprehensiveness of substance use prevention programs in U.S. middle schools
    Dana L Wenter
    Center for Research in Education, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    J Adolesc Health 30:455-62. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint A comparison of current practice in school-based substance use prevention programs with meta-analysis findings
    Susan T Ennett
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7440, USA
    Prev Sci 4:1-14. 2003
    ..The findings indicate that the transfer to practice of research knowledge about school-based substance use prevention programming has been limited...
  27. ncbi request reprint The principles of effectiveness: early awareness and plans for implementation in a national sample of public schools and their districts
    Ashley P Simons-Rudolph
    RTI International, PO Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Sch Health 73:181-5. 2003
    ..Results suggest a need for greater communication about the principles to school districts, and in turn, a need for greater communication between district and school-level substance use prevention staff...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effects of parenting, father absence, and affiliation with delinquent peers on delinquent behavior among African-American male adolescents
    Mallie J Paschall
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Adolescence 38:15-34. 2003
    ..Though parenting effects were modest, this study suggests that African-American male adolescents are less likely to engage in delinquent behavior if they are closely monitored and supervised by their parents...
  29. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with adoption of evidence-based substance use prevention curricula in US school districts
    Louise Ann Rohrbach
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, 91803, USA
    Health Educ Res 20:514-26. 2005
    ..State and federal agencies should increase their efforts to disseminate information about evidence-based programs, targeting in particular the district substance use prevention coordinator...
  30. ncbi request reprint Does learning about the effects of alcohol on the developing brain affect children's alcohol use?
    Alison Padget
    Bell Group Austin, Texas, USA
    Prev Sci 7:293-302. 2006
    ..Teaching children about the effects of alcohol on the developing brain appears to be a promising strategy for underage alcohol use prevention...
  31. pmc Alcohol outlet characteristics and alcohol sales to youth: results of alcohol purchase surveys in 45 Oregon communities
    Mallie J Paschall
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Prev Sci 8:153-9. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Implementation fidelity in a teacher-led alcohol use prevention curriculum
    Melinda M Pankratz
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 2812, USA
    J Drug Educ 36:317-33. 2006
    ....
  33. pmc Is commercial alcohol availability related to adolescent alcohol sources and alcohol use? Findings from a multi-level study
    Mallie J Paschall
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:168-74. 2007
    ..To examine whether compliance with underage sales laws by licensed retail establishments is related to underage use of commercial and social alcohol sources, perceived ease of obtaining alcohol, and alcohol use...
  34. ncbi request reprint Explaining higher levels of alcohol use among working adolescents: an analysis of potential explanatory variables
    Mallie J Paschall
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 3307, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 63:169-78. 2002
    ..The purpose ofthis study was to explain higher rates of alcohol use observed among working adolescents relative to nonworking adolescents...
  35. pmc Inhalant use and disorders among adults in the United States
    Li Tzy Wu
    Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, DUMC, P O Box 17969, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 85:1-11. 2006
    ..To examine the patterns of adult inhalant use and correlates of inhalant use disorder...
  36. ncbi request reprint Use of substance abuse treatment services by persons with mental health and substance use problems
    Li Tzy Wu
    Center for Risk Behavior and Mental Health Research, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:363-9. 2003
    ..This study provided population estimates of mental syndromes and substance use problems and examined whether the co-occurrence of mental health and substance use problems was associated with the use of substance abuse treatment services...

Research Grants12

  1. Promoting Fidelity Using Remote and Onsite Support
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study results will inform the prevention field concerning the potential for personalized coaching and technical assistance to promote curriculum fidelity and affect key student-level mediating variables. ..
  2. SCHOOL BASED DRUG PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  3. Diffusion of Drug Prevention Curricula Nationwide
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..