David Levy

Summary

Affiliation: Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Examining the effects of tobacco treatment policies on smoking rates and smoking related deaths using the SimSmoke computer simulation model
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, and University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Brown University, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Tob Control 11:47-54. 2002
  2. pmc A review of the literature on policies directed at the youth consumption of sugar sweetened beverages
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Adv Nutr 2:182S-200S. 2011
  3. ncbi request reprint The use of simulation models for the surveillance, justification and understanding of tobacco control policies
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Potomac, Maryland 20878, USA
    Health Care Manag Sci 5:113-20. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint The effects of tobacco control policies on smoking rates: a tobacco control scorecard
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 10:338-53. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The Healthy People 2010 smoking prevalence and tobacco control objectives: results from the SimSmoke tobacco control policy simulation model (United States)
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, 14403 Sylvan Glade Dr, Potomac, MD 20878, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:359-71. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Examining trends in quantity smoked
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD, 20705 3102, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:1287-96. 2007
  7. pmc Recent trends in home and work smoking bans
    D T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Tob Control 13:258-63. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint The relative risks of a low-nitrosamine smokeless tobacco product compared with smoking cigarettes: estimates of a panel of experts
    David T Levy
    Department of Economics, University of Baltimore, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20878, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2035-42. 2004
  9. pmc Tobacco control policies and smoking in a population of low education women, 1992-2002
    David T Levy
    Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Dr, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:20-6. 2006
  10. pmc Increasing taxes to reduce smoking prevalence and smoking attributable mortality in Taiwan: results from a tobacco policy simulation model
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Tob Control 14:i45-50. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. pmc Examining the effects of tobacco treatment policies on smoking rates and smoking related deaths using the SimSmoke computer simulation model
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, and University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Brown University, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Tob Control 11:47-54. 2002
    ..To develop a simulation model to predict the effects of different smoking treatment policies on quit rates, smoking rates, and smoking attributable deaths...
  2. pmc A review of the literature on policies directed at the youth consumption of sugar sweetened beverages
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Adv Nutr 2:182S-200S. 2011
    ..Policies directed at SSB consumption can play an important role in reducing youth overweight and obesity...
  3. ncbi request reprint The use of simulation models for the surveillance, justification and understanding of tobacco control policies
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Potomac, Maryland 20878, USA
    Health Care Manag Sci 5:113-20. 2002
    ..This paper examines the role of simulation models in public policy, and discusses several recent models and limitations of those models...
  4. ncbi request reprint The effects of tobacco control policies on smoking rates: a tobacco control scorecard
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 10:338-53. 2004
    ..School education programs and limits on retail sales are not likely to have much impact if implemented alone, but may be more important when combined with other policies...
  5. ncbi request reprint The Healthy People 2010 smoking prevalence and tobacco control objectives: results from the SimSmoke tobacco control policy simulation model (United States)
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, 14403 Sylvan Glade Dr, Potomac, MD 20878, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:359-71. 2005
    ..The purpose of this paper is to examine the attainability of HP2010 smoking prevalence objectives through the stricter tobacco control policies suggested in HP2010...
  6. ncbi request reprint Examining trends in quantity smoked
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD, 20705 3102, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:1287-96. 2007
    ..The measure developed in the present study provides a useful tool for tracking trends in quantity smoked...
  7. pmc Recent trends in home and work smoking bans
    D T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Tob Control 13:258-63. 2004
    ..Data: The Current Population Survey's 1992/93 and 1998/99 tobacco use supplement surveys are the primary data source, supplemented with information on state level tobacco control policies...
  8. ncbi request reprint The relative risks of a low-nitrosamine smokeless tobacco product compared with smoking cigarettes: estimates of a panel of experts
    David T Levy
    Department of Economics, University of Baltimore, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20878, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2035-42. 2004
    ..Importantly, the overall public health impact of LN-SLT will reflect use patterns, its marketing, and governmental regulation of tobacco products...
  9. pmc Tobacco control policies and smoking in a population of low education women, 1992-2002
    David T Levy
    Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Dr, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:20-6. 2006
    ..To examine recent trends and the role of tobacco control policies associated with smoking among women of low socioeconomic status...
  10. pmc Increasing taxes to reduce smoking prevalence and smoking attributable mortality in Taiwan: results from a tobacco policy simulation model
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Tob Control 14:i45-50. 2005
    ..To develop a simulation model to predict the effects of tax policies on smoking prevalence rates and smoking attributable deaths...
  11. ncbi request reprint The role of public policies in reducing smoking prevalence and deaths caused by smoking in Arizona: results from the Arizona tobacco policy simulation model
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 13:59-67. 2007
    ..It will be important to maintain these efforts over time to reduce or keep smoking prevalence down and to minimize smoking-attributable deaths...
  12. ncbi request reprint The relationship of smoking cessation to sociodemographic characteristics, smoking intensity, and tobacco control policies
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:387-96. 2005
    ..Price policies can have an important role in helping daily smokers to quit. Further research is needed regarding the role of quantity smoked...
  13. ncbi request reprint The role of public policies in reducing smoking and deaths caused by smoking in Vietnam: results from the Vietnam tobacco policy simulation model
    David T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Pacific Institute, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:1819-30. 2006
    ..In the absence of these measures, deaths from smoking will increase. The model also helps to identify information gaps pertinent both to modeling and policy-making...
  14. ncbi request reprint Recent trends in smoking and the role of public policies: results from the SimSmoke tobacco control policy simulation model
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, MD, USA
    Addiction 100:1526-36. 2005
    ..Trends in smoking prevalence, and the role of tobacco control policies in affecting those rates, are examined...
  15. ncbi request reprint The potential impact of a low-nitrosamine smokeless tobacco product on cigarette smoking in the United States: estimates of a panel of experts
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, and Department of Economics, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1190-200. 2006
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Alcohol involvement in burn, submersion, spinal cord, and brain injuries
    David T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Med Sci Monit 10:CR17-24. 2004
    ..Alcohol is involved in many injuries, but estimates of this involvement vary considerably. Most information pertains to deaths although most injuries are nonfatal...
  17. ncbi request reprint The effects of clean indoor air laws: what do we know and what do we need to know?
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Health Educ Res 18:592-609. 2003
    ....
  18. doi request reprint The role of tobacco control policies in reducing smoking and deaths in a middle income nation: results from the Thailand SimSmoke simulation model
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Tob Control 17:53-9. 2008
    ..With the male smoking prevalence near 60% in 1991, Thailand was one of the first Asian nations to implement strict tobacco control policies. However, the success of their efforts has not been well documented...
  19. doi request reprint Simulation models of obesity: a review of the literature and implications for research and policy
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation and Department of Economics, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Obes Rev 12:378-94. 2011
    ..Finally, we suggest directions for future research...
  20. pmc A simulation of the effects of youth initiation policies on overall cigarette use
    D T Levy
    Department of Economics, University of Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1311-4. 2000
    ..We developed a simulation model to predict the effects of policies aimed at reducing smoking initiation by youths younger than 18 years...
  21. ncbi request reprint A computer simulation model of mass media interventions directed at tobacco use
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, and University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Prev Med 32:284-94. 2001
    ..The goal of this study was to develop a simulation model to examine the effects of tobacco control mass media interventions on smoking rates and smoking-attributable deaths...
  22. pmc Effect of policies directed at youth access to smoking: results from the SimSmoke computer simulation model
    D T Levy
    Unversity of Baltimore, USA
    Tob Control 10:108-16. 2001
    ..To develop a simulation model to predict the effects of youth access policies on retail compliance, smoking rates, and smoking attributable deaths...
  23. pmc Exploring scenarios to dramatically reduce smoking prevalence: a simulation model of the three-part cessation process
    David T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1253-9. 2010
    ..8% rate to 12% by 2010 could be accomplished by increasing quit attempts, increasing the use of treatments, or increasing the effectiveness of treatment...
  24. ncbi request reprint The role of tobacco control policies in reducing smoking and deaths caused by smoking in an Eastern European nation: results from the Albania SimSmoke simulation model
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Dr, Suite 900, Calverton, Maryland, 20705, USA 20705
    Cent Eur J Public Health 16:189-98. 2008
    ..The effectiveness of future tobacco control policy will require proper surveillance and evaluation schemes for Albania...
  25. pmc Effect of clean indoor air laws on smokers: the clean air module of the SimSmoke computer simulation model
    D T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Tob Control 10:345-51. 2001
    ..To develop a simulation model to examine the effects of clean indoor air laws on prevalence rates and smoking attributable deaths...
  26. pmc Reaching Healthy People 2010 by 2013: A SimSmoke simulation
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:S373-81. 2010
    ..Healthy People (HP2010) set as a goal to reduce adult smoking prevalence to 12% by 2010...
  27. ncbi request reprint A simulation model of policies directed at treating tobacco use and dependence
    David T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Med Decis Making 22:6-17. 2002
    ..The authors develop a simulation model to predict the effects on quit rates and cost-effectiveness of different smoking treatment policies...
  28. pmc Modeling the impact of smoking-cessation treatment policies on quit rates
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:S364-72. 2010
    ..Smoking-cessation treatment policies could yield substantial increases in adult quit rates in the U.S...
  29. doi request reprint The Kentucky SimSmoke tobacco policy simulation model: reaching Healthy People 2010 goals through policy change
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore Department of Economics, USA
    South Med J 101:503-7. 2008
    ..Kentucky, with the highest adult smoking rates (28.7% versus a US average of 20.9%) and weak tobacco control policies, has the potential to reduce smoking by implementing stricter policies...
  30. ncbi request reprint Blood alcohol content (BAC)-negative victims in alcohol-involved injury incidents
    David T Levy
    University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 20878, USA
    Addiction 97:909-14. 2002
    ..To understand better how often BAC-negative victims suffer fatal and non-fatal alcohol-involved injuries...
  31. pmc The role of public policies in reducing smoking prevalence in California: results from the California tobacco policy simulation model
    David T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, MD, United States
    Health Policy 82:167-85. 2007
    ..Further tax increases should lead to additional lives saved, and additional policies may result in further impacts on smoking rates, and consequently on smoking-attributable health outcomes in the population...
  32. ncbi request reprint Smoking treatment interventions and policies to promote their use: a critical review
    K Friend
    Brown University, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 3:299-310. 2001
    ..Further research on the impact of these interventions on use and quit rates, particularly over longer periods of time, and how these effects depend on the form of the intervention, is warranted...
  33. doi request reprint Menthol and non-menthol smoking: the impact of prices and smoke-free air laws
    John A Tauras
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 7121, USA
    Addiction 105:115-23. 2010
    ..To examine the relationship between menthol and non-menthol prices and smoke-free air laws and the choice between menthol and non-menthol cigarettes among current smokers...
  34. pmc Smokeless tobacco use 1992-2002: trends and measurement in the Current Population Survey-Tobacco Use Supplements
    E A Mumford
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Tob Control 15:166-71. 2006
    ..As smoking prevalence declines in the United States, it is important to understand if smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is also changing and if so, among what groups...
  35. ncbi request reprint Cost-outcome analysis in injury prevention and control: eighty-four recent estimates for the United States
    T R Miller
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Landover, Maryland 20785, USA
    Med Care 38:562-82. 2000
    ..The objectives of this study were to review cost-outcome analyses in injury prevention and control and estimate associated benefit-cost ratios and cost per quality-adjusted life-year...
  36. ncbi request reprint Financial risk, plan types, and authorizations for managed alcohol treatment services
    P R Marques
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Am J Manag Care 7:1151-61. 2001
    ..To estimate the effects of a managed behavioral healthcare organization's (MBHO's) products/plans and financial risk on levels and amount of care authorized for patients with alcohol-related problems...
  37. ncbi request reprint How intoxicated are drivers in the United States? Estimating the extent, risks and costs per kilometer of driving by blood alcohol level
    T R Miller
    National Public Services Research Institute, Landover, MD, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 31:515-23. 1999
    ..Preliminary investigation indicates that the method provides reliable estimates of alcohol-positive kms from roadside surveys at night, but seems to over-estimate high-BAL kms. Direct field validation is highly desirable...
  38. ncbi request reprint A framework for evaluating and improving clean indoor air laws
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 7:87-96. 2001
    ..The article also discusses the information needed to better understand clean air laws and improve future public policy...
  39. ncbi request reprint Reductions in smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption associated with mass-media campaigns
    Karen Friend
    Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Health Educ Res 17:85-98. 2002
    ..In particular, tobacco control polices that are implemented during the campaign often make it difficult to identify the specific influence of media campaigns alone...
  40. pmc Simulation modeling and tobacco control: creating more robust public health policies
    David T Levy
    11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705 levy pire org
    Am J Public Health 96:494-8. 2006
    ..Simulation models are not only useful for policy prediction and planning but also may help to broaden our understanding of the role of different public health policies within a complex, dynamic social system...
  41. pmc Nondaily smokers: who are they?
    Kristen M Hassmiller
    Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1321-7. 2003
    ..We sought to understand who constitutes the sizable population of nondaily, or some-day (SD), smokers...
  42. ncbi request reprint Home smoking restrictions. Problems in classification
    Elizabeth A Mumford
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:126-31. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine who is affected by strict home smoking bans at the household level...
  43. ncbi request reprint The adoption of tobacco dependence treatment by rehabilitation clinicians
    Karen B Friend
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island, USA
    Disabil Rehabil 27:147-55. 2005
    ..Despite the deleterious health effects of smoking on individuals with disabilities, the limited data suggests that rehabilitation clinicians rarely encourage their clients who smoke to quit...
  44. ncbi request reprint Tobacco control policies and the concurrent use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes among men, 1992-2002
    Elizabeth A Mumford
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:891-900. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Costs of alcohol and drug-involved crime
    Ted R Miller
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11701 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Prev Sci 7:333-42. 2006
    ..Effective efforts to reduce the abuse of alcohol and illicit drugs should reduce costs associated with crime...
  46. ncbi request reprint Societal costs of underage drinking
    Ted R Miller
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:519-28. 2006
    ..Previous studies did not break out costs of alcohol problems by age...
  47. ncbi request reprint Community-based youth tobacco control interventions: cost effectiveness of the Full Court Press project
    Hana Ross
    International Tobacco Surveillance, Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society National Home Office, Atlanta, Georgia 30329 4251, USA
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 5:167-76. 2006
    ..We evaluated the impact of a community-based tobacco control project that was implemented in the city of Tucson, Arizona, USA, between 1996 and 2001...
  48. ncbi request reprint Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States
    Frederick P Rivara
    Department of Pediatrics, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:118-25. 2004
    ..Tobacco is the leading cause of death in the United States. The majority of people who smoke begin before age 18...

Research Grants5

  1. A Simulation of Tobacco Policy, Smoking and Lung Cancer
    David Levy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..7) Critically examine the methods that are traditionally used to project lung cancer deaths and determine how the estimates depend on the sensitivity to key parameters. ..
  2. HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURES
    David Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..