Robert W Arnold

Summary

Affiliation: Ophthalmic Associates
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The Alaska Blind Child Discovery project: rationale, methods and results of 4000 screenings
    R W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Ophthalmic Associates, PC, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Alaska Med 42:58-72. 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint Pediatric eye/vision screening. Referral criteria for the pedia vision plus optix s 04 photoscreener compared to visual acuity and digital photoscreening. Kindergarten computer photoscreening
    Michelle M Clausen
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, AK 99501, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 22:83-9. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Amblyopia risk factor prevalence
    Robert W Arnold
    Alaska Blind Child Discovery, Anchorage, AK 99501, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 50:213-7. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Calibration and validation of nine objective vision screeners with contact lens-induced anisometropia
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, PC, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 50:184-90. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Validated portable pediatric vision screening in the Alaska Bush. A VIPS-like study in the Koyukon
    Dustin Lang
    University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA
    Alaska Med 49:2-15. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Predictive value of inexpensive digital eye and vision photoscreening: "PPV of ABCD"
    Robert W Arnold
    Alaska Blind Child Discovery Project, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 22:148-52. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint The profound augmentation of the oculocardiac reflex by fast acting opioids
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 19:215-22. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Duration and effect of single-dose atropine: paralysis of accommodation in penalization treatment of functional amblyopia
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 19:81-6. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Pseudo-false positive eye/vision photoscreening due to accommodative insufficiency. A serendipitous benefit for poor readers?
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 19:75-80. 2004
  10. doi request reprint Sutured protective occluder for severe amblyopia
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, 542 W Second Ave, Anchorage, AK 99501 2242, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:891-5. 2008

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. ncbi request reprint The Alaska Blind Child Discovery project: rationale, methods and results of 4000 screenings
    R W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Ophthalmic Associates, PC, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Alaska Med 42:58-72. 2000
    ..Photoscreening allows lay persons to adapt the Enhanced Br├╝ckner Test to preschoolers in an attempt to identify refractive amblyopia. The Alaska Blind Child Discovery (ABCD) project is charitably funded and administered...
  2. ncbi request reprint Pediatric eye/vision screening. Referral criteria for the pedia vision plus optix s 04 photoscreener compared to visual acuity and digital photoscreening. Kindergarten computer photoscreening
    Michelle M Clausen
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, AK 99501, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 22:83-9. 2007
    ..BACKGROUND and..
  3. doi request reprint Amblyopia risk factor prevalence
    Robert W Arnold
    Alaska Blind Child Discovery, Anchorage, AK 99501, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 50:213-7. 2013
    ..The intent was to promote uniformity of reporting and development in screening. Because this prevalence is not yet known, this meta-analysis is an attempt to estimate it...
  4. doi request reprint Calibration and validation of nine objective vision screeners with contact lens-induced anisometropia
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, PC, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 50:184-90. 2013
    ..New objective photoscreeners are emerging with encouraging national guidelines and pediatric providers can be reimbursed for photoscreening...
  5. ncbi request reprint Validated portable pediatric vision screening in the Alaska Bush. A VIPS-like study in the Koyukon
    Dustin Lang
    University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA
    Alaska Med 49:2-15. 2007
    ..Photoscreening and remote autorefraction showed promise in the urban "Vision in PreSchoolers Study." We transported a comparative screening with confirmation program to a remote part of interior Alaska...
  6. ncbi request reprint Predictive value of inexpensive digital eye and vision photoscreening: "PPV of ABCD"
    Robert W Arnold
    Alaska Blind Child Discovery Project, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 22:148-52. 2007
    ..Some consumer digital cameras have short flash to lens distances (dimensions) ideal for photoscreening so we adopted them into an ongoing Alaska state wide vision screening program, the Alaska Blind Child Discovery (ABCD) Project...
  7. ncbi request reprint The profound augmentation of the oculocardiac reflex by fast acting opioids
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 19:215-22. 2004
    ..OCR can be reduced by anticholinergic medications and regulating the depth of anesthesia. We investigated the influence of narcotic agents as a routine part of general anesthesia for strabismus surgery in adults and children...
  8. ncbi request reprint Duration and effect of single-dose atropine: paralysis of accommodation in penalization treatment of functional amblyopia
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 19:81-6. 2004
    ..Another factor determining effectiveness of atropine penalization is the duration of the effect of the atropine. It is the purpose of this study to investigate these factors...
  9. ncbi request reprint Pseudo-false positive eye/vision photoscreening due to accommodative insufficiency. A serendipitous benefit for poor readers?
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 19:75-80. 2004
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Sutured protective occluder for severe amblyopia
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, 542 W Second Ave, Anchorage, AK 99501 2242, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:891-5. 2008
    ..To investigate the feasibility, acceptability, efficacy, and cost of a newly developed translucent shield that can be fixed by sutures to the orbital rim for a month of amblyopia therapy...
  11. ncbi request reprint The yield and challenges of charitable state-wide photoscreening
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 21:93-100. 2006
    ..State-wide cooperative programs for pediatric vision screening utilizing the MTI photoscreener and centralized interpretation were established in Alaska (The Alaska Blind Child Discovery, ABCD) and in Tennessee (Tennessee Lions Outreach)...
  12. ncbi request reprint The detection of congenital glaucoma by photoscreen interpretation
    R W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Alaska Med 42:73-7. 2000
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Vision loss associated with a stiff neck complicating strabismus surgery
    R W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 16:181-6. 2001
    ..Restoration of vision and binocularity ultimately required vitrectomy and intraocular lens implantation...
  14. ncbi request reprint Radio-opaque modification/substitute for the wright superior oblique tendon extender for superior oblique muscle overaction strabismus
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, AK 99501, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 22:216-20. 2007
    ..We demonstrated success similar to that achieved by Wright in 43 patients using these radio-opaque, silicon Mini Vessel loops...
  15. ncbi request reprint The attenuating effect of intraglossal atropine on the oculocardiac reflex
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismusm, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:313-8. 2002
    ..We sought to study this using the suppression of the oculocardiac reflex during eye surgery as a parameter...
  16. ncbi request reprint Highly specific photoscreening at the Alaska State Fair. Valid Alaska Blind Child Discovery photography and interpretation
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Ophthalmic Associates, 542 West Second Avenue, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Alaska Med 45:34-40. 2003
    ..4%), 28 N+ (4.3%), 605 "normal" (92.4%) and no "inconclusive." This brings the total ABCD State Fair Effort to 2499 screened with 2.8% "positive," 3.6% N+, 93.4% "normal" and only 0.12% "inconclusive."..
  17. ncbi request reprint Tent photoscreening and patched HOTV visual acuity by school nurses: validation of the ASD-ABCD protocol. (Anchorage School District- Alaska Blind Child Discovery program)
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 23:83-94. 2008
    ..Photoscreening may outperform routine acuity testing in pediatric offices; however, both have fairly good validity when performed by specialists in preschool vision screening...
  18. ncbi request reprint The effect of induced muscle tension and fatigue on the oculocardiac reflex
    Christy J Machida
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, 542 W 2nd Avenue, Anchorage, AK 99501 2242, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 18:81-6. 2003
    ..We investigated surgeon-modified factors in the oculocardiac reflex (OCR) including repeating tension after return to baseline pulse (fatigue) or modifying the tension place on the extraocular muscle (EOM)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Amblyopia detection by camera: Gateway to portable, inexpensive vision screening (calibration and validation of inexpensive, pocket-sized photoscreeners)
    Robert W Arnold
    The Alaska Blind Child Discovery Coordinating Center, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, 542 West Second Avenue, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Alaska Med 46:63-72. 2004
    ..Photoscreening can allow early detection of amblyopia. The Gateway DV-S20, and similar models of miniature, digital flash cameras, have similar optical dimensions to existing photoscreeners for less than $200...
  20. ncbi request reprint A comparison of patched HOTV visual acuity and photoscreening
    Rachel Leman
    University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK, USA
    J Sch Nurs 22:237-43. 2006
    ..11 per child). This suggests that the adaptation of photoscreening into a routine vision screening protocol would be beneficial for efficiently detecting vision problems that could lead to amblyopia...
  21. ncbi request reprint The cost and yield of photoscreening: impact of photoscreening on overall pediatric ophthalmic costs
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, 542 West Second Avenue, Anchorage, AK 99501 2242 USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 42:103-11. 2005
    ..Approximately 5% of preschool-age children suffer from amblyopia. Many of them have high or unequal hyperopia. Amblyogenic risk factors frequently can be detected by photoscreening...
  22. doi request reprint Preverbal photoscreening for amblyogenic factors and outcomes in amblyopia treatment: early objective screening and visual acuities
    Valerie G Kirk
    Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:489-92. 2008
    ..With conventional vision screening, the patient must be able to provide monocular visual acuity cooperation, whereas objective screening for amblyogenic factors can be done at much younger ages...
  23. doi request reprint Overcoming barriers to pediatric visual acuity screening through education plus provision of materials
    Michelle M Clausen
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    J AAPOS 13:151-4. 2009
    ..We have developed an educational program designed to improve the quality and efficiency of vision screening. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the effectiveness of this program...
  24. ncbi request reprint Optic nerve hypoplasia potentiates retinopathy of prematurity
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 45:247-9. 2008
    ..Asymmetric retinal ablation was performed in two patients and asymmetric retinopathy of prematurity progression was observed in two infants with optic nerve hypoplasia...
  25. ncbi request reprint The phoropter trapeze. A portable refractive support for remote clinics
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmogy and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA eyedoc alaska net
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 18:26-7. 2003
    ..This was suspended from a convenient overhead point and the phoropter was clamped to it. It was stabilized by the patient holding on two attached handles. Illustrated in photographs...
  26. ncbi request reprint The positive prognostic implications of crying during exam on threshold ROP
    Jon Blackledge
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Ophthalmic Associates, 542 West Second Avenue, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    Alaska Med 47:2-5. 2005
    ..Most infants cry with lid speculum, scleral depression and indirect ophthalmoscopy. This simple observation, "did the infant cry?" during the initial 31-week ROP screening exam was prospectively studied...
  27. ncbi request reprint Macular hole without hemorrhages and shaken baby syndrome: practical medicolegal documentation of children's eye trauma
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska 99501 2242, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 40:355-7. 2003
  28. ncbi request reprint Use of a consumer video system to enhance low vision in children and adults
    Robert W Arnold
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmic Associates, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 39:245-7. 2002
  29. pmc A randomized trial of atropine vs patching for treatment of moderate amblyopia: follow-up at age 10 years
    Michael X Repka
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1039-44. 2008
    ..To determine the visual acuity outcome at age 10 years for children younger than 7 years when enrolled in a treatment trial for moderate amblyopia...
  30. ncbi request reprint Calibration of photoscreeners for single-subject, contact-induced hyperopic anisometropia
    Tatiana A Kovtoun
    Columbia University Medical School BG CU, New York, New York, USA
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 41:150-8. 2004
    ..Photoscreeners were compared with a remote autorefractor...
  31. pmc A randomized trial to evaluate 2 hours of daily patching for strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia in children
    David K Wallace
    Jaeb Center for Health Research, 15310 Amberly Drive, Suite 350, Tampa, FL 33647, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:904-12. 2006
    ..To compare 2 hours of daily patching (combined with 1 hour of concurrent near visual activities) with a control group of spectacle wear alone (if needed) for treatment of moderate to severe amblyopia in children 3 to 7 years old...
  32. ncbi request reprint Vision in Preschoolers Study
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmology 111:2313; author reply 2313. 2004
  33. ncbi request reprint A randomized pilot study of near activities versus non-near activities during patching therapy for amblyopia
    Jonathan M Holmes
    Jaeb Center for Health Research, 15310 Amberly Drive, Tampa, FL 33647, USA
    J AAPOS 9:129-36. 2005
    ..A secondary aim was to obtain a preliminary estimate of the effect of near versus non-near activities on amblyopic eye visual acuity, when combined with 2 hours of daily patching...
  34. pmc Treatment of bilateral refractive amblyopia in children three to less than 10 years of age
    David K Wallace
    Jaeb Center for Health Research, 15310 Amberly Drive, Suite 350, Tampa, FL 33647, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:487-96. 2007
    ..To determine the amount and time course of binocular visual acuity improvement during treatment of bilateral refractive amblyopia in children three to less than 10 years of age...
  35. pmc Treatment of anisometropic amblyopia in children with refractive correction
    Susan A Cotter
    Jaeb Center for Health Research, 15310 Amberly Drive, Suite 350, Tampa, FL 33647, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:895-903. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of refractive correction alone for the treatment of untreated anisometropic amblyopia in children 3 to <7 years old...
  36. pmc Treatment of strabismic amblyopia with refractive correction
    Susan A Cotter
    Jaeb Center for Health Research, 15310 Amberly Drive, Suite 350, Tampa, FL 33647, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 143:1060-3. 2007
    ..To report data on the response of previously untreated strabismic amblyopia to spectacle correction...
  37. ncbi request reprint Using diazepam and atropine before strabismus surgery to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting: a randomized, controlled study
    Robert W Arnold
    J AAPOS 8:211; author reply 211. 2004
  38. ncbi request reprint Vision screening for children: current trends, technology, and legislative issues
    Natalie C Kerr
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 15:454-9. 2004
    ..The purpose of this review is to examine current trends in vision screening for children...
  39. ncbi request reprint Is Pacific race a retinopathy of prematurity risk factor?
    Dustin M Lang
    Division of WAMI, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:771-3. 2005
    ..Black race affords some protection from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), but more ROP was previously found in another darkly pigmented race, the Alaskan natives...
  40. ncbi request reprint Adverse events in cataract surgery
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmology 110:248; author reply 248-9. 2003
  41. doi request reprint Refractive error in Myanmar
    Robert W Arnold
    Ophthalmology 115:1642-3. 2008
  42. ncbi request reprint Preschool vision screening: what should we be detecting and how should we report it? Uniform guidelines for reporting results of preschool vision screening studies
    Sean P Donahue
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 8000 Medical Center East, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 8808, USA
    J AAPOS 7:314-6. 2003
  43. ncbi request reprint Compared value of amblyopia detection
    Robert W Arnold
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 21:78. 2006
  44. ncbi request reprint Estimated cost of an ROP locum tenens program
    Robert W Arnold
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 45:6. 2008