MERCEDES RENEE CARNETHON

Summary

Affiliation: Northwestern University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint The obesity paradox in diabetes
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA
    Curr Cardiol Rep 16:446. 2014
  2. pmc Association of electrocardiographically determined left ventricular mass with incident diabetes, 1985-1986 to 2010-2011: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:645-7. 2013
  3. pmc Association of weight status with mortality in adults with incident diabetes
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Dr, Ste 1400, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    JAMA 308:581-90. 2012
  4. pmc Correlates of heart rate recovery over 20 years in a healthy population sample
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:273-9. 2012
  5. pmc The association of heart rate recovery immediately after exercise with coronary artery calcium: the coronary artery risk development in young adults study
    Mohammad Ali Kizilbash
    Dept of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Clin Auton Res 17:46-9. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal association between depressive symptoms and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in older adults: the cardiovascular health study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:802-7. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of physical activity and heart rate recovery: CARDIA, 1987-1993
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:606-12. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Racial/Ethnic differences in subclinical atherosclerosis among adults with diabetes: the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2768-70. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and cardiovascular disease correlates of low cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents and adults
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    JAMA 294:2981-8. 2005
  10. pmc Association of 20-year changes in cardiorespiratory fitness with incident type 2 diabetes: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) fitness study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1284-8. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. doi request reprint The obesity paradox in diabetes
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA
    Curr Cardiol Rep 16:446. 2014
    ..To date, little research has been conducted to identify mechanisms that could explain elevated mortality in leaner adults with diabetes, or to identify strategies for diabetes management or mitigation of elevated mortality risk. ..
  2. pmc Association of electrocardiographically determined left ventricular mass with incident diabetes, 1985-1986 to 2010-2011: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:645-7. 2013
    ..We tested whether electrocardiographically determined left ventricular mass was positively associated with incident diabetes in a population sample...
  3. pmc Association of weight status with mortality in adults with incident diabetes
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Dr, Ste 1400, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    JAMA 308:581-90. 2012
    ..Type 2 diabetes in normal-weight adults (body mass index [BMI] <25) is a representation of the metabolically obese normal-weight phenotype with unknown mortality consequences...
  4. pmc Correlates of heart rate recovery over 20 years in a healthy population sample
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:273-9. 2012
    ..Our objective was to test whether demographic, behavioral, or CHD risk factors during young adulthood were associated with the development of slow HRR...
  5. pmc The association of heart rate recovery immediately after exercise with coronary artery calcium: the coronary artery risk development in young adults study
    Mohammad Ali Kizilbash
    Dept of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Clin Auton Res 17:46-9. 2007
    ..99, p = 0.91 per standard deviation change in HRR). Slow HRR in young adulthood is not associated with the presence of CAC at middle age...
  6. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal association between depressive symptoms and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in older adults: the cardiovascular health study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:802-7. 2007
    ..Prospective studies indicate that a single self-report of high depressive symptoms is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  7. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of physical activity and heart rate recovery: CARDIA, 1987-1993
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:606-12. 2005
    ..In a diverse, population-based sample, we tested whether physical activity participation was associated with higher parasympathetic function...
  8. ncbi request reprint Racial/Ethnic differences in subclinical atherosclerosis among adults with diabetes: the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2768-70. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and cardiovascular disease correlates of low cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents and adults
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    JAMA 294:2981-8. 2005
    ....
  10. pmc Association of 20-year changes in cardiorespiratory fitness with incident type 2 diabetes: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) fitness study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1284-8. 2009
    ..To test the association of fitness changes over 7 and 20 years on the development of diabetes in middle age...
  11. doi request reprint Diabetes prevention in US ethnic minorities: role of the social environment
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Dr, Suite 1102, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:942-4. 2008
  12. ncbi request reprint Comparison of risk factors for cardiovascular mortality in black and white adults
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1196-202. 2006
    ..We investigated whether traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors were similarly associated with CVD mortality in black and white men and women...
  13. ncbi request reprint Can we out-run the diabetes epidemic?
    M R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Diabetologia 50:1113-5. 2007
  14. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for the metabolic syndrome: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, 1985-2001
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2707-15. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the association of the metabolic syndrome with demographic characteristics and to identify modifiable risk factors for development of the metabolic syndrome...
  15. pmc Diabetes and coronary heart disease as risk factors for mortality in older adults
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Am J Med 123:556.e1-9. 2010
    ..We tested whether cardiovascular and all-cause mortality rates were similar between participants with prevalent CHD vs diabetes in an older adult population in whom both glucose disorders and preexisting atherosclerosis are common...
  16. ncbi request reprint Influence of autonomic nervous system dysfunction on the development of type 2 diabetes: the CARDIA study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:3035-41. 2003
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Autonomic regulation of the association between exercise and diabetes
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 36:12-8. 2008
    ..Evidence in support of our hypothesis is derived from a combination of observational studies and clinical trials...
  18. pmc Joint associations of physical activity and aerobic fitness on the development of incident hypertension: coronary artery risk development in young adults
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    Hypertension 56:49-55. 2010
    ..Fitness and physical activity are each associated with incident hypertension, and low fitness may account for a substantial proportion of hypertension incidence...
  19. ncbi request reprint Prospective investigation of autonomic nervous system function and the development of type 2 diabetes: the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study, 1987-1998
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Dr, Suite 1102, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    Circulation 107:2190-5. 2003
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Prospective association between hormone replacement therapy, heart rate, and heart rate variability. The Atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1000 Welch Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:565-71. 2003
    ..Results from this observational study suggest that hormone therapy is not associated with HR or HRV. These analyses should be replicated in a randomized trial...
  21. ncbi request reprint A prospective evaluation of the risk of QT prolongation with hormone replacement therapy: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:530-6. 2003
    ..We tested whether postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy was associated with prolonged QT intervals in a healthy population sample of women (mean age=54)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of depression as a risk factor for incident diabetes: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Epidemiologic Follow-up Study, 1971-1992
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 60611, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:416-23. 2003
    ..Results suggest an independent role for depressive symptoms in the development of diabetes in populations with low educational attainment...
  23. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for progression to incident hyperinsulinemia: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1058-67. 2003
    ..The associations were similar across race and gender groups. These data suggest that, in addition to weight gain, hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia, and smoking can be detected prior to development of hyperinsulinemia...
  24. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness in young adulthood and the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill, USA
    JAMA 290:3092-100. 2003
    ..Low cardiorespiratory fitness is an established risk factor for cardiovascular and total mortality; however, mechanisms responsible for these associations are uncertain...
  25. ncbi request reprint Resting heart rate in middle age and diabetes development in older age
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:335-9. 2008
    ....
  26. pmc Serum insulin, obesity, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in black and white adults: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study: 1987-1998
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94304, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1358-64. 2002
    ..In this study, we tested the hypothesis that fasting serum insulin is higher in nonobese black adults than in white adults and that high fasting insulin predicts type 2 diabetes equally well in both groups...
  27. pmc Heterogeneity in the relationship between ethnicity, BMI, and fasting insulin
    Latha P Palaniappan
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94304 1825, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1351-7. 2002
    ..To determine whether the association of BMI and fasting insulin is modified by ethnicity...
  28. ncbi request reprint Association of dietary protein intake and microalbuminuria in healthy adults: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Elizabeth M Wrone
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 41:580-7. 2003
    ..The relationship between dietary protein intake (DPI) and microalbuminuria (MA) is unclear. We investigated whether DPI was associated with urinary albumin level in a population sample of persons with normal kidney function...
  29. ncbi request reprint Depression and the metabolic syndrome in young adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Leslie S Kinder
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    Psychosom Med 66:316-22. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to establish an association between depression and the metabolic syndrome in a nationally representative sample...
  30. pmc The association among autonomic nervous system function, incident diabetes, and intervention arm in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:914-9. 2006
    ..2 years...
  31. ncbi request reprint The temporal relationship between heart rate recovery immediately after exercise and the metabolic syndrome: the CARDIA study
    Mohammad Ali Kizilbash
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Eur Heart J 27:1592-6. 2006
    ..We investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of slower HRR following a graded exercise treadmill test (GXT) with metabolic syndrome components and LDL-C...
  32. ncbi request reprint Does the cardiac autonomic response to postural change predict incident coronary heart disease and mortality? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:48-56. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Correlates of the shift in heart rate variability with an active postural change in a healthy population sample: The Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am Heart J 143:808-13. 2002
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Relation of nutrient intake to microalbuminuria in nondiabetic middle-aged men and women: International Population Study on Macronutrients and Blood Pressure (INTERMAP)
    Martha L Daviglus
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 45:256-66. 2005
    ..Microalbuminuria (MA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease. However, little is known about the relation of nutritional factors to MA, especially in individuals without diabetes...
  35. pmc The impact of obesity on cardiovascular disease risk factors and subclinical vascular disease: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    Gregory L Burke
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:928-35. 2008
    ..To assess the importance of the obesity epidemic on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, we determined the prevalence of obesity and the relationship of obesity to CVD risk factors and subclinical vascular disease...
  36. doi request reprint Associations of psychosocial factors with heart rate and its short-term variability: multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:141-6. 2008
    ..To examine the association of psychosocial factors with heart rate (HR) and its variability across multiple ethnic groups and by gender. Increased HR and reduced HR variability are markers of increased cardiovascular risk...
  37. ncbi request reprint Slow heart rate recovery after exercise is associated with carotid atherosclerosis
    Sae Young Jae
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 112 Huff Hall, MC 586, 1206 S Fourth Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Atherosclerosis 196:256-61. 2008
    ..We tested the hypothesis that slow HRR is associated with carotid atherosclerosis in a cross-sectional study of 12,712 middle-aged men (age 49.1+/-8.9 years)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Association between heart rate recovery after exercise testing and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, tissue plasminogen activator, and fibrinogen in apparently healthy men
    Sae Young Jae
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 1207 S Oak, St, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Atherosclerosis 197:415-9. 2008
    ..Because autonomic nervous system function may be associated with fibrinolytic factors, we tested the hypothesis that delayed HRR is associated with elevated fibrinolytic factors...
  39. ncbi request reprint Predictors of the incident metabolic syndrome in adults: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
    Latha Palaniappan
    Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:788-93. 2004
    ..To prospectively investigate predictors of the incident metabolic syndrome in nondiabetic adults...
  40. ncbi request reprint Food omega-3 fatty acid intake of individuals (total, linolenic acid, long-chain) and their blood pressure: INTERMAP study
    Hirotsugu Ueshima
    Department of Health Science, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa cho Seta, Otsu, Shiga 520 2192, Japan
    Hypertension 50:313-9. 2007
    ..In summary, food omega-3 PFA intake related inversely to blood pressure, including in nonhypertensive persons, with small estimated effect size. Food omega-3 PFA may contribute to prevention and control of adverse blood pressure levels...
  41. pmc The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Yong Woo Park
    Department of Family Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Arch Intern Med 163:427-36. 2003
    ..The extent to which the metabolic syndrome is associated with demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors in the US population is unknown...
  42. ncbi request reprint Association between cardiorespiratory fitness and prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis among men with hypertension
    Sae Young Jae
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Am Heart J 153:1001-5. 2007
    ..We tested the hypothesis that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are inversely associated with the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis in a cross-sectional study of 2532 (53.2 +/- 8.5 years old) hypertensive men...

Research Grants3

  1. Autonomic Function in Insulin Resistance and Diabetes
    Mercedes Carnethon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Autonomic, Endothelial, and Inflammatory Correlates of Sleep Duration
    MERCEDES RENEE CARNETHON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this study will suggest mechanisms to explain the prior observed associations between sleep duration and CVD risk factors. ..