Affiliation: Northeastern University
- Development of categorization and reasoning in the natural world: novices to experts, naive similarity to ecological knowledgePatrick Shafto
Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 5000, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:641-9. 2003..Experts used similarity to reason about blank properties but ecological relations to reason about diseases. Expertise appears to involve knowledge of multiple relations among entities and context-sensitive application of those relations...
- Who is susceptible to conjunction fallacies in category-based induction?Aidan Feeney
Department of Psychology, Durham University, Stockton on Tees, England
Psychon Bull Rev 14:884-9. 2007..Our results have implications for accounts of individual differences in reasoning, for the relevance theory of induction, and for the recent claim that causal knowledge is important in inductive reasoning...
- Effects of time pressure on context-sensitive property inductionPatrick Shafto
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 14:890-4. 2007..These results suggest that time pressure selectively restricts access to ecological knowledge, and that knowledge access is critical for context-sensitive inductive reasoning...