Benoff S. Voltage dependent calcium channels in mammalian spermatozoa. Front Biosci. 1998;3:D1220-40 pubmed
..Knowledge of calcium channels structure will also contribute to design of new male contraceptives based on existing calcium channel antagonists. ..
Benoff S, Millan C, Hurley I, Napolitano B, Marmar J. Bilateral increased apoptosis and bilateral accumulation of cadmium in infertile men with left varicocele. Hum Reprod. 2004;19:616-27 pubmed
..Apoptosis may deplete the sperm concentration among men with varicocele and infertility. Pre-operative measurements of apoptosis and cadmium content may predict the outcome of varicocele repair. ..
Benoff S, Cooper G, Centola G, Jacob A, Hershlag A, Hurley I. Metal ions and human sperm mannose receptors. Andrologia. 2000;32:317-29 pubmed
..Mannose receptor expression on the external surface of the human sperm plasma membrane is a biomarker for the effects of transition and heavy metals and organic toxicants on sperm fertility potential. ..
Benoff S, Jacob A, Hurley I. Male infertility and environmental exposure to lead and cadmium. Hum Reprod Update. 2000;6:107-21 pubmed
..Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assays for Ca2+ and K+ channel isoforms may identify susceptibility subgroups with lower resistance to environmental exposures...