S Galea

Summary

Affiliation: New York Academy of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc War-related psychological sequelae among emergency department patients in the former Republic of Yugoslavia
    Brett D Nelson
    Center for International Emergency, Disaster and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 2:22. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Income distribution and risk of fatal drug overdose in New York City neighborhoods
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10024, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 70:139-48. 2003
  3. pmc Drug overdose: new insights, innovative surveillance, and promising interventions
    Sandro Galea
    Center of Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:186-8. 2003
  4. pmc Racial/ethnic disparities in overdose mortality trends in New York City, 1990-1998
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:201-11. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder after disasters
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 27:78-91. 2005
  6. pmc Challenges in understanding disparities in drug use and its consequences
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 82:iii5-12. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint A model of underlying socioeconomic vulnerability in human populations: evidence from variability in population health and implications for public health
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216, 5th Avenue, Room 553, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:2417-30. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, Columbia University, NY 10029, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:341-65. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder in the general population after mass terrorist incidents: considerations about the nature of exposure
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    CNS Spectr 10:107-15. 2005
  10. pmc Contextual determinants of drug use risk behavior: a theoretic framework
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:iii50-8. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications139 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc War-related psychological sequelae among emergency department patients in the former Republic of Yugoslavia
    Brett D Nelson
    Center for International Emergency, Disaster and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 2:22. 2004
    ..We sought to assess the burden of metal health dysfunction among emergency department (ED) patients presenting for care three years post-war in Serbia...
  2. ncbi request reprint Income distribution and risk of fatal drug overdose in New York City neighborhoods
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10024, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 70:139-48. 2003
    ..Disinvestment in social and economic resources in unequal neighborhoods may explain this association. Public health interventions related to overdose risk should pay particular attention to highly unequal neighborhoods...
  3. pmc Drug overdose: new insights, innovative surveillance, and promising interventions
    Sandro Galea
    Center of Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:186-8. 2003
  4. pmc Racial/ethnic disparities in overdose mortality trends in New York City, 1990-1998
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:201-11. 2003
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder after disasters
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 27:78-91. 2005
  6. pmc Challenges in understanding disparities in drug use and its consequences
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 82:iii5-12. 2005
    ..Each of these challenges is discussed, and suggestions offered for future research that may help overcome them...
  7. ncbi request reprint A model of underlying socioeconomic vulnerability in human populations: evidence from variability in population health and implications for public health
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216, 5th Avenue, Room 553, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:2417-30. 2005
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, Columbia University, NY 10029, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:341-65. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder in the general population after mass terrorist incidents: considerations about the nature of exposure
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    CNS Spectr 10:107-15. 2005
    ..Future research should consider mechanisms through which persons in the general population may be at risk for PTSD after such incidents...
  10. pmc Contextual determinants of drug use risk behavior: a theoretic framework
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:iii50-8. 2003
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Reducing disparities in vaccination rates between different racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups: the potential of community-based multilevel interventions
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 28:49-59. 2005
    ..Multilevel community intervention trials recognize and address the multiple competing forces that shape the health of the population in cities and have the potential to increase vaccination rates among minorities and marginalized groups...
  12. ncbi request reprint Cities and population health
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, NY 10029, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:1017-33. 2005
    ..The framework builds on previous urban health research and incorporates multiple determinants at different levels. It is intended to serve as a model to guide public health research and intervention...
  13. pmc Social determinants and the health of drug users: socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, 10029 5293, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S135-45. 2002
    ..This article reviews the evidence on the adverse health consequences of low socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration among drug users...
  14. ncbi request reprint Access to resources for substance users in Harlem, New York City: service provider and client perspectives
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10029 5293, USA
    Health Educ Behav 29:296-311. 2002
    ..The authors also discuss survey results and how the URC will use these results to develop interventions...
  15. ncbi request reprint Needle exchange programs and experience of violence in an inner city neighborhood
    S Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:282-8. 2001
    ..To assess the association between proximity to a needle exchange program (NEP) and experience of violence in an inner city neighborhood...
  16. ncbi request reprint Drug use, misuse, and the urban environment
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:127-36. 2005
    ..g. collective efficacy, the built environment) may be associated with drug use and misuse, summarize the existing empiric literature that substantiates elements of this framework, and identify potential directions for future research...
  17. ncbi request reprint Social capital and violence in the United States, 1974-1993
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 718 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 55:1373-83. 2002
    ..More complex analytic models describing the relationship between violence and ecological social determinants need to be considered...
  18. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder in Manhattan, New York City, after the September 11th terrorist attacks
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 79:340-53. 2002
    ..These findings can help guide resource planning for future disasters in densely populated urban areas...
  19. ncbi request reprint Psychological sequelae of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:982-7. 2002
    ..We assessed the prevalence and correlates of acute post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among residents of Manhattan five to eight weeks after the attacks...
  20. pmc Collaboration among community members, local health service providers, and researchers in an urban research center in Harlem, New York
    S Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, Rm 556, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:530-9. 2001
    ..The Center's experience has demonstrated that active communities and responsive researchers can establish partnerships that improve community health...
  21. pmc Drugs and firearm deaths in New York City, 1990-1998
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 79:70-86. 2002
    ..These results suggest a complex role of drugs in firearm-related deaths...
  22. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of previous hepatitis B vaccination and infection among young drug-users in New York City
    S Amesty
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Center for Family and Community Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Community Health 33:139-48. 2008
    ..We were interested in determining correlates of immunization among younger (<25 years) and older (25 and older) DUs...
  23. pmc Multilevel community-based intervention to increase access to sterile syringes among injection drug users through pharmacy sales in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Harlem Community and Academic Partnership at the Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:117-24. 2007
    ..We developed a community-based participatory research partnership to determine whether a multilevel intervention would increase sterile syringe access through a new policy allowing nonprescription syringe sales in pharmacies...
  24. ncbi request reprint The urban built environment and overdose mortality in New York City neighborhoods
    C Hembree
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    Health Place 11:147-56. 2005
    ....
  25. pmc Adverse reactions associated with studying persons recently exposed to mass urban disaster
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:515-24. 2004
    ..We suggest that, with the proper safeguards, research with persons exposed to a resent mass urban disaster generally can be conducted safely and effectively...
  26. ncbi request reprint Job loss, unemployment, work stress, job satisfaction, and the persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder one year after the September 11 attacks
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:1057-64. 2004
    ..02). High levels of perceived work stress predicted PTSD persistence among persons employed at follow-up (P = 0.02). Persons unemployed in the aftermath of a disaster may be at risk for poor mental health in the long-term...
  27. ncbi request reprint What predicts psychological resilience after disaster? The role of demographics, resources, and life stress
    George A Bonanno
    Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:671-82. 2007
    ..Implications for future research and intervention are discussed...
  28. pmc Social and psychological resources and health outcomes after the World Trade Center disaster
    Richard E Adams
    Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:176-88. 2006
    ..We discuss these findings relative to community disasters in industrialized and developing countries...
  29. ncbi request reprint Health status among emergency department patients approximately one year after consecutive disasters in New York City
    William George Fernandez
    Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:958-64. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Television watching and the risk of incident probable posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective evaluation
    Kyle T Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:41-7. 2007
    ..4-fold increased risk of new-onset probable PTSD (p=0.004). Exposure to television coverage of the September 11 anniversary was associated with new-onset probable PTSD among a cohort of New Yorkers with no probable PTSD at baseline...
  31. ncbi request reprint Alcohol drinking problems among New York City residents after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    D Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, NY 10029, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1295-311. 2006
    ..4% in nondrinkers), and depression (23.5% vs 5.6% vs. 4.9%, respectively) after September 11. After a disaster, a link between drinking problems and posttraumatic stress disorder or depression should be assessed...
  32. pmc The epidemiology of nonspecific psychological distress in New York City, 2002 and 2003
    Katharine H McVeigh
    Bureau of Epidemiology Services, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, Rm 315, CN 6, New York, NY, 10013, USA
    J Urban Health 83:394-405. 2006
    ..The excess prevalence of NPD may be associated with substantial economic and societal burden. Research to understand the etiology of this high prevalence and interventions to promote mental health in NYC are indicated...
  33. ncbi request reprint The behavioral consequences of terrorism: a meta-analysis
    Charles DiMaggio
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 13:559-66. 2006
    ..The review indicates that these associations are consistent across study types and environments and represent important variables to consider when developing triage, outreach, and treatment programs...
  34. ncbi request reprint Explaining the relationship between race/ethnicity and pharmacy purchased syringes among injection drug users in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:589-96. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the factors that could explain the relationship between race/ethnicity and pharmacy use...
  35. ncbi request reprint Health care utilization among young adult injection drug users in Harlem, New York
    A Cronquist
    Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Subst Abuse 13:17-27. 2001
    ..Young adult IDUs may benefit from increased efforts to help them arrange and maintain health insurance coverage, potentially at NEPs. NEPs may be connecting young IDUs with health insurance to medical care through referrals...
  36. ncbi request reprint Acceptance and completion of hepatitis B vaccination among drug users in New York City
    D C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Commun Dis Public Health 7:294-300. 2004
    ..HBV vaccination acceptance among drug users seems likely in programmes that are convenient and offer remuneration; however, extended efforts are needed to improve series completion...
  37. ncbi request reprint The built environment and alcohol consumption in urban neighborhoods
    Kyle T Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:244-52. 2007
    ..To examine the relations between characteristics of the neighborhood built environment and recent alcohol use...
  38. ncbi request reprint Awareness and perceptions of a communitywide mental health program in New York city after September 11
    Sasha Rudenstine
    Center for Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, New York, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:1404-6. 2003
    ..The results of the study suggest that although awareness of this public mental health services was low, Project Liberty was well received among the people who may be most likely to need its services...
  39. ncbi request reprint Relationship of self-reported asthma severity and urgent health care utilization to psychological sequelae of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center among New York City area residents
    Joanne Fagan
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York City, NY 10029 5283, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:993-6. 2003
    ..The authors assessed the relationship between the psychological sequelae of the attacks and asthma symptom severity and the utilization of urgent health care services for asthma since September 11...
  40. ncbi request reprint Science for the community: assessing mental health after 9/11
    Randall D Marshall
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 65:37-43. 2004
    ..Future directions for postdisaster survey research are briefly discussed...
  41. pmc Effects of race, neighborhood, and social network on age at initiation of injection drug use
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, 4th Floor, Room R422, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:689-95. 2005
    ..We investigated individual- and neighborhood-level factors associated with adolescent initiation of injection drug use...
  42. pmc An overview of 9/11 experiences and respiratory and mental health conditions among World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees
    Mark Farfel
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 85:880-909. 2008
    ....
  43. pmc Alcohol use, mental health status and psychological well-being 2 years after the World Trade Center attacks in New York City
    Richard E Adams
    Division of Health Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:203-24. 2006
    ..We discuss reasons for these results and the negative consequences that heavy alcohol use may have on the postdisaster recovery process...
  44. pmc Impact of allergy treatment on the association between allergies and mood and anxiety in a population sample
    R D Goodwin
    Department of Psychology, Queens College, City University of New York CUNY, Flushing, NY, USA
    Clin Exp Allergy 42:1765-71. 2012
    ..Previous studies have suggested an association between allergy and mood and anxiety disorders. Yet, extant work suffers from methodological limitations...
  45. pmc Variability and vulnerability at the ecological level: implications for understanding the social determinants of health
    Adam Karpati
    Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1768-72. 2002
    ..We examined variability in disease rates to gain understanding of the complex interactions between contextual socioeconomic factors and health...
  46. pmc Patterns and predictors of trajectories of depression after an urban disaster
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:761-70. 2009
    ..To identify and understand the patterns and predictors of depressive symptom trajectories over time after mass traumatic events...
  47. pmc Project VIVA: a multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City
    Micaela H Coady
    Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies at the New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1314-21. 2008
    ..We sought to determine whether the work of a community-based participatory research partnership increased interest in influenza vaccination among hard-to-reach individuals in urban settings...
  48. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in sexual behaviors, sexual partnerships, and HIV among drug users in New York City
    Judith Absalon
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, CIDER, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:707-15. 2006
    ..IDU was not associated with HIV. Prospective studies are needed to determine how gender-specific sexual behaviors/partnerships among drug users affect HIV acquisition...
  49. pmc Modification of the association between serotonin transporter genotype and risk of posttraumatic stress disorder in adults by county-level social environment
    Karestan C Koenen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:704-11. 2009
    ..These results suggest that social environment modifies the effect of 5-HTTLPR genotype on PTSD risk...
  50. pmc Epidemiologic heterogeneity of common mood and anxiety disorders over the lifecourse in the general population: a systematic review
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 9:31. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to systematically review the epidemiologic evidence for potential patterns of heterogeneity of common mood and anxiety disorders over the lifecourse in the general population...
  51. ncbi request reprint Cities and health: history, approaches, and key questions
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Acad Med 79:1133-8. 2004
    ....
  52. pmc Genetic and environmental influences on psychiatric comorbidity: a systematic review
    M Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, 10029, USA
    J Affect Disord 126:14-38. 2010
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Determinants of influenza vaccination in hard-to-reach urban populations
    W K Bryant
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Prev Med 43:60-70. 2006
    ..Influenza vaccination rates among disadvantaged minority and hard-to-reach populations are lower than in other groups. We assessed the barriers to influenza vaccination in disadvantaged urban areas...
  54. ncbi request reprint Gender disparities in posttraumatic stress disorder after mass trauma
    Jennifer Stuber
    The Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    Gend Med 3:54-67. 2006
    ..Although several studies have shown that rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are higher in women than in men, less is known about whether women are more vulnerable to PTSD after a major community-wide traumatic event...
  55. doi request reprint Substance use and misuse in the aftermath of terrorism. A Bayesian meta-analysis
    Charles DiMaggio
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Addiction 104:894-904. 2009
    ..To conduct a comprehensive analysis of the conflicting evidence on substance use and misuse following mass traumas such as terrorist incidents...
  56. ncbi request reprint Association of sex, hygiene and drug equipment sharing with hepatitis C virus infection among non-injecting drug users in New York City
    Chanelle J Howe
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:389-95. 2005
    ..Hepatitis C virus (HCV) rates are higher in non-injecting drug users (NIDUs) than general population estimates. Whether this elevated HCV rate is due to drug use or other putative risk behaviors remains unclear...
  57. ncbi request reprint Interpersonal discrimination and the health of illicit drug users
    Michael Young
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 31:371-91. 2005
    ..Discrimination may contribute to poor mental and physical health in this marginalized population, potentially complicating the provision of substance abuse treatment...
  58. doi request reprint Bayesian hierarchical spatial modeling of substance abuse patterns following a mass trauma: the role of time and place
    Charlie DiMaggio
    Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, New York, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:1725-43. 2009
    ..These methods hold promise for the characterization of disease risk where spatial patterning of exposures and outcomes may matter...
  59. pmc Hepatitis C incidence--a comparison between injection and noninjection drug users in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 81:20-4. 2004
    ..Preventing or at least delaying transition into injection could increase opportunity to intervene. Identifying risk factors for transition into injection could inform early prevention to reduce onset of injection and risk of HCV...
  60. ncbi request reprint Gender, social support, and posttraumatic stress in postwar Kosovo
    Jennifer Ahern
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:762-70. 2004
    ..Interventions targeting social support may be important public health efforts in the postwar context...
  61. ncbi request reprint Hispanic ethnicity and post-traumatic stress disorder after a disaster: evidence from a general population survey after September 11, 2001
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:520-31. 2004
    ..To assess ethnic differences in the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a disaster, and to assess the factors that may explain these differences...
  62. pmc Urban built environment and depression: a multilevel analysis
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:822-7. 2005
    ..To assess the relations between characteristics of the neighbourhood internal and external built environment and past six month and lifetime depression...
  63. ncbi request reprint Probable cigarette dependence, PTSD, and depression after an urban disaster: results from a population survey of New York City residents 4 months after September 11, 2001
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, USA
    Psychiatry 68:299-310. 2005
    ..3% vs. 13.3%, p = 0.027). This study showed the co-occurrence of probable cigarette dependence with increased cigarette use and the co-occurrence of probable cigarette dependence with probable PTSD and depression after September 11...
  64. pmc Interaction between polygenic risk for cigarette use and environmental exposures in the Detroit neighborhood health study
    J L Meyers
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Transl Psychiatry 3:e290. 2013
    ..In addition, this study indicates that environmental determinants have the potential to both exacerbate (traumatic events) and diminish (neighborhood social cohesion) genetic influences on smoking behaviors. ..
  65. pmc Home foreclosure and risk of psychiatric morbidity during the recent financial crisis
    K A McLaughlin
    Division of General Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Med 42:1441-8. 2012
    ..We examined the effects of foreclosure on psychiatric symptomatology in a prospective, population-based community survey...
  66. pmc Trends in mental illness and suicidality after Hurricane Katrina
    R C Kessler
    Department of Healthcare Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 13:374-84. 2008
    ..Outcomes were only weakly related to socio-demographic variables, meaning that high prevalence of hurricane-related mental illness remains widely distributed in the population nearly 2 years after the hurricane...
  67. pmc Firearm suicide in New York City in the 1990s
    T M Piper
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Inj Prev 12:41-5. 2006
    ..Across the US, firearms are used in approximately 60% of all suicide deaths. Little research has assessed the role and determinants of firearms in suicide in major urban areas...
  68. pmc Social factors associated with AIDS and SARS
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, 160 Water Street, 24th Floor, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1767-9. 2005
    ..We conducted a survey of 928 New York City area residents to assess knowledge and worry about AIDS and SARS. Specific sociodemographic groups of persons were more likely to be less informed and more worried about contracting the diseases...
  69. ncbi request reprint Psychological resilience after disaster: New York City in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attack
    George A Bonanno
    Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:181-6. 2006
    ..1% of the sample. Resilience was less prevalent among more highly exposed individuals, but the frequency of resilience never fell below one third even among the exposure groups with the most dramatic elevations in PTSD...
  70. ncbi request reprint Television images and psychological symptoms after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    Jennifer Ahern
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, Room 556, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Psychiatry 65:289-300. 2002
    ..Specific disaster-related television images were associated with PTSD and depression among persons who were directly exposed to a disaster. Future research should address causal directionality of this association...
  71. ncbi request reprint Trajectory and socioeconomic predictors of depression in a prospective study of residents of New York City
    John R Beard
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:235-43. 2008
    ..We monitored symptoms of depression and assessed the factors associated with changing symptoms of depression in a population-based cohort over a 30 month period...
  72. doi request reprint Predictors of influenza vaccination in an urban community during a national shortage
    Erica Phillips-Caesar
    Department of Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 19:611-24. 2008
    ..Such groups are less likely to be vaccinated when vaccines are scarce...
  73. ncbi request reprint Antidepressant use in elderly suicide victims in New York city: an analysis of 255 cases
    Robert C Abrams
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, N Y 10021, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 70:312-7. 2009
    ..We examined postmortem evidence of antidepressant, analgesic, and anxiolytic-hypnotic drugs in suicide victims aged 65 years and older...
  74. ncbi request reprint Beyond urban penalty and urban sprawl: back to living conditions as the focus of urban health
    Nicholas Freudenberg
    Program in Urban Public Health, Hunter College, City University of New York, 425 East 25th Street, New York, New York 10010, USA
    J Community Health 30:1-11. 2005
    ..The model is illustrated with two examples from current urban public health practice...
  75. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in discrimination experiences and responses among minority substance users
    Thomas Minior
    Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:521-7. 2003
    ..This study assessed differences in discrimination experiences and responses to discrimination between Black and Latino active substance users in New York City...
  76. ncbi request reprint Identifying injection drug users at risk of nonfatal overdose
    Phillip O Coffin
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 14:616-23. 2007
    ..The authors evaluated associations between individual-level risk factors and experiencing an overdose in the past six months to determine which characteristics and behaviors may be most predictive of overdose...
  77. doi request reprint Misdemeanor policing, physical disorder, and gun-related homicide: a spatial analytic test of "broken-windows" theory
    Magdalena Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiology 20:533-41. 2009
    ..It has been hypothesized that "broken-windows" policing is associated with lower homicide rates and that physical disorder may mediate this association. However, the empiric evidence is limited and conflicting...
  78. pmc Sampling and recruitment in multilevel studies among marginalized urban populations: the IMPACT studies
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 85:268-80. 2008
    ..We describe the organization and rationale for the IMPACT Studies in New York City as a case illustration on how such issues may be addressed...
  79. ncbi request reprint Distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 28:54-70. 2006
    ..Few studies targeted individuals outside of the health-care and social services sectors. Given the growing disparities in health and health-care access, understanding the way in which interventions can remedy disparities is crucial...
  80. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy use among Hispanic and black substance users in New York City
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1399-407. 2005
    ..These findings are limited to persons who use other drugs, but suggest that further investigation of ecstasy use in minority populations is warranted...
  81. ncbi request reprint Urban health: a new discipline
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, NY 10029, USA
    Lancet 362:1091-2. 2003
  82. pmc Longitudinal population-based studies of affective disorders: where to from here?
    John R Beard
    New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 8:83. 2008
    ..While studies of this type are becoming increasingly prevalent, there has been little discussion about the limitations of the methods commonly used...
  83. ncbi request reprint Trends of probable post-traumatic stress disorder in New York City after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:514-24. 2003
    ..The psychological consequences of a large-scale disaster in a densely populated urban area may extend beyond persons directly affected by the disaster to persons in the general population...
  84. ncbi request reprint Utilization of mental health services following the September 11th terrorist attacks in Manhattan, New York City
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, Room 552, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 4:143-55. 2002
    ....
  85. pmc Updating the infection risk reduction hierarchy: preventing transition into injection
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 81:14-9. 2004
    ....
  86. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic research and disasters
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:532-4. 2004
  87. pmc Estimating co-occurring behavioral trajectories within a neighborhood context: a case study of multivariate transition models for clustered data
    Magdalena Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1190-203. 2008
    ..These models can prove instrumental in answering the persistent questions about possible sequential relations among problem behaviors...
  88. pmc Social determinants of the health of urban populations: methodologic considerations
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    J Urban Health 84:i42-53. 2007
    ..However, our focus will be on some of the more vulnerable urban populations who are most profoundly affected by SDH...
  89. ncbi request reprint Club drug use among minority substance users in New York City
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 36:397-9. 2004
    ..3% Hispanics and 56.4% of Blacks reported a lifetime history of club drug use. PCP was the most commonly reported club drug used among all racial/ethnic groups. Further investigation of club drug use in minority populations is warranted...
  90. pmc A comparison of HIV seropositive and seronegative young adult heroin- and cocaine-using men who have sex with men in New York City, 2000-2003
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 5th Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 82:i51-61. 2005
    ..Large-scale studies among illicit drug-using MSM from more marginalized neighborhoods are warranted...
  91. ncbi request reprint Toward an urban health advantage
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, NY, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 11:256-8. 2005
  92. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress reactions in new York City children after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks
    Gerry Fairbrother
    Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 3:304-11. 2003
    ..To assess the prevalence of posttraumatic stress reactions (PTSR) in New York City (NYC) children following the September 11, 2001, attacks and determine the key predictors of PTSR...
  93. ncbi request reprint Consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among New York City residents six months after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, Room 556, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 30:385-407. 2004
    ..These results suggest that the increase in substance use after a disaster may be a cause for public health concern in the long-term...
  94. ncbi request reprint War and anxiety disorders
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiology 15:129-30. 2004
  95. pmc Correlates of illicit methadone use in New York City: a cross-sectional study
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:375. 2008
    ..We assessed the prevalence and examined correlates of lifetime and recent illicit methadone use in New York City (NYC)...
  96. ncbi request reprint Unmet need for counseling services by children in New York City after the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center: implications for pediatricians
    Gerry Fairbrother
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1367-74. 2004
    ....
  97. pmc Sustained increased consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among Manhattan residents after september 11, 2001
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:253-4. 2004
    ..These sustained increases in substance use following the September 11 terrorist attacks suggest potential long-term health consequences as a result of disasters...
  98. pmc The role of neighborhood environment and risk of intimate partner femicide in a large urban area
    Victoria Frye
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1473-9. 2008
    ....
  99. doi request reprint Household density among undocumented Mexican immigrants in New York City
    Katherine Standish
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 12:310-8. 2010
    ..High household density increases exposure to communicable diseases, psychological distress in adults, and poor long-term health in children. High residential density, which may be a mediator of poor health, is common among immigrants...
  100. ncbi request reprint Mental health service and medication use in New York City after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack
    Joseph A Boscarino
    New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, DHSP Room 552, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 55:274-83. 2004
    ..A survey assessed use of mental health services and psychiatric medications in New York City four to five months after the September 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center...
  101. pmc Disparities in mental health treatment following the World Trade Center Disaster: implications for mental health care and health services research
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5293, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:287-97. 2005
    ....