Tyler C Smith

Summary

Affiliation: Naval Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Are Gulf War veterans experiencing illness due to exposure to smoke from Kuwaiti oil well fires? Examination of Department of Defense hospitalization data
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:908-17. 2002
  2. pmc The physical and mental health of a large military cohort: baseline functional health status of the Millennium Cohort
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:340. 2007
  3. pmc New onset and persistent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder self reported after deployment and combat exposures: prospective population based US military cohort study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMJ 336:366-71. 2008
  4. pmc Health impact of US military service in a large population-based military cohort: findings of the Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2008
    Tyler C Smith
    Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Rd, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:69. 2011
  5. pmc Hypothyroidism among military infants born in countries of varied iodine nutrition status
    Marcus M Cranston
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    BMC Endocr Disord 10:2. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint The US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study: career span and beyond longitudinal follow-up
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1193-201. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Prior assault and posttraumatic stress disorder after combat deployment
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Epidemiology 19:505-12. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Postdeployment hospitalizations among service members deployed in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:603-12. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Prospective evaluation of mental health and deployment experience among women in the US military
    Amber D Seelig
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:135-45. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Newly reported hypertension after military combat deployment in a large population-based study
    Nisara S Granado
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Hypertension 54:966-73. 2009

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. ncbi request reprint Are Gulf War veterans experiencing illness due to exposure to smoke from Kuwaiti oil well fires? Examination of Department of Defense hospitalization data
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:908-17. 2002
    ..Despite some limitations, these data do not support the hypothesis that Gulf War veterans have an increased risk of postwar morbidity from exposure to Kuwaiti oil-well-fire smoke...
  2. pmc The physical and mental health of a large military cohort: baseline functional health status of the Millennium Cohort
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:340. 2007
    ..Effective military operations require optimal health of deployed service members, and both mental and physical health can be affected by military operations...
  3. pmc New onset and persistent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder self reported after deployment and combat exposures: prospective population based US military cohort study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMJ 336:366-71. 2008
    ..To describe new onset and persistence of self reported post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in a large population based military cohort, many of whom were deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  4. pmc Health impact of US military service in a large population-based military cohort: findings of the Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2008
    Tyler C Smith
    Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Rd, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:69. 2011
    ..This report outlines how findings from the first 7 years of the Millennium Cohort Study have helped to address health concerns related to military service including deployments...
  5. pmc Hypothyroidism among military infants born in countries of varied iodine nutrition status
    Marcus M Cranston
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    BMC Endocr Disord 10:2. 2010
    ..This study was designed to compare hypothyroidism among infants born to US military families in countries of varied iodine nutrition status...
  6. ncbi request reprint The US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study: career span and beyond longitudinal follow-up
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1193-201. 2009
    ..To describe current and future career-span health research in the US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study...
  7. doi request reprint Prior assault and posttraumatic stress disorder after combat deployment
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Epidemiology 19:505-12. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to prospectively examine the relation between prior assault and new-onset PTSD symptoms in a large US military cohort deployed in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  8. doi request reprint Postdeployment hospitalizations among service members deployed in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:603-12. 2009
    ..This study investigates morbidity among deployers by uniquely comparing after-deployment hospitalizations to before-deployment hospitalizations and hospitalizations among nondeployers...
  9. doi request reprint Prospective evaluation of mental health and deployment experience among women in the US military
    Amber D Seelig
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:135-45. 2012
    ..01). As the roles and responsibilities of women in the military expand and deployments continue, designing better prevention and recovery strategies specifically for women are critical for overall force health protection and readiness...
  10. doi request reprint Newly reported hypertension after military combat deployment in a large population-based study
    Nisara S Granado
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Hypertension 54:966-73. 2009
    ..07 to 1.65). Although military deployers, in general, had a lower incidence of hypertension than nondeployers, deployment with multiple stressful combat exposures appeared to be a unique risk factor for newly reported hypertension...
  11. doi request reprint The impact of prior deployment experience on civilian employment after military service
    Jaime L Horton
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 5122, USA
    Occup Environ Med 70:408-17. 2013
    ..To determine if deployment to recent military operations or other health, demographic, or military-related characteristics were associated with employment after military service...
  12. doi request reprint Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:415-27. 2009
    ..70). Despite no significant overall association between deployment and disordered eating and weight changes, deployed women reporting combat exposures represent a subgroup at higher risk for developing eating problems and weight loss...
  13. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008
    ..The current study describes new smoking among never-smokers, smoking recidivism among past smokers, and change in daily smoking among smokers in relation to military deployment...
  14. doi request reprint Newly reported lupus and rheumatoid arthritis in relation to deployment within proximity to a documented open-air burn pit in Iraq
    Kelly A Jones
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:698-707. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Linking exposures and health outcomes to a large population-based longitudinal study: the Millennium Cohort Study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Mil Med 176:56-63. 2011
    ..To describe current efforts and future potential for understanding long-term health of military service members by linking the Millennium Cohort Study data to exposures and health outcomes...
  16. ncbi request reprint The postwar hospitalization experience of Gulf War veterans participating in U.S. health registries
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:386-97. 2004
    ..40-1.46). These findings support the hypothesis that registry participants were more likely to experience postwar morbidity than veterans who chose not to enroll in the health registries...
  17. doi request reprint Risk factors associated with suicide in current and former US military personnel
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    JAMA 310:496-506. 2013
    ..Previous military suicide studies, however, have relied on case series and cross-sectional investigations and have not linked data during service with postservice periods...
  18. doi request reprint Is military deployment a risk factor for maternal depression?
    Stacie Nguyen
    Department of Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 22:9-18. 2013
    ..Using data from a large military cohort, this study prospectively examined the relationship between deployment experience before and after childbirth and maternal depression among U.S. service women...
  19. ncbi request reprint Birth defects in infants born in 1998-2004 to men and women serving in the U.S. military during the 1990-1991 Gulf War era
    Anna T Bukowinski
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 94:721-8. 2012
    ..S. military members who served in the 1990-1991 Gulf War. This study explores the long-term impact of 1990-1991 Gulf War deployment on the prevalence of birth defects among infants of Gulf War veterans...
  20. doi request reprint Birth outcomes among military personnel after exposure to documented open-air burn pits before and during pregnancy
    Ava Marie S Conlin
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:689-97. 2012
    ..To examine birth outcomes in military women and men with potential exposure to documented open-air burn pits before and during pregnancy...
  21. doi request reprint The effects of exposure to documented open-air burn pits on respiratory health among deployers of the Millennium Cohort Study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:708-16. 2012
    ..To investigate respiratory illnesses and potential open-air burn pit exposure among Millennium Cohort participants who deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan...
  22. doi request reprint Prospective assessment of chronic multisymptom illness reporting possibly associated with open-air burn pit smoke exposure in Iraq
    Teresa M Powell
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego CA 92106, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:682-8. 2012
    ..To investigate the relationship between chronic multisymptom illness (CMI) and possible exposure to an open-air burn pit at three selected bases among those deployed to operations in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  23. ncbi request reprint Smallpox vaccination: comparison of self-reported and electronic vaccine records in the millennium cohort study
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Defense, Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Hum Vaccin 3:245-51. 2007
    ....
  24. doi request reprint A comparison of mental health outcomes in persons entering U.S. military service before and after September 11, 2001
    Timothy S Wells
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 5122, USA
    J Trauma Stress 25:17-24. 2012
    ..Findings support the concept that the experience of war, and resulting psychological morbidity, is not a function of incongruent expectations...
  25. pmc Health care utilization among complementary and alternative medicine users in a large military cohort
    Martin R White
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 11:27. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine if CAM users are requiring more physician-based medical services than users of conventional medicine...
  26. doi request reprint Birth defects among infants born to women who received anthrax vaccine in pregnancy
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:434-42. 2008
    ....
  27. pmc Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deployment
    Isabel G Jacobson
    DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    JAMA 300:663-75. 2008
    ..High rates of alcohol misuse after deployment have been reported among personnel returning from past conflicts, yet investigations of alcohol misuse after return from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are lacking...
  28. ncbi request reprint Mefloquine use and hospitalizations among US service members, 2002-2004
    Timothy S Wells
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:744-9. 2006
    ..These results suggest there is no association between mefloquine prescriptions and severe health effects, as measured by hospitalizations, across a wide range of outcomes...
  29. pmc Challenges of self-reported medical conditions and electronic medical records among members of a large military cohort
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:37. 2008
    ..Self-reported diagnoses may differ from medical record diagnoses due to poor patient-clinician communication, self-diagnosis in the absence of a satisfactory explanation for symptoms, or the "health literacy" of the patient...
  30. doi request reprint Preinjury psychiatric status, injury severity, and postdeployment posttraumatic stress disorder
    Donald A Sandweiss
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:496-504. 2011
    ..Previous studies have retrospectively examined the relationship of preinjury psychiatric status and postinjury PTSD with conflicting results, but no prospective studies regarding this subject have been conducted, to our knowledge...
  31. doi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among U.S. military health care professionals deployed in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    J Trauma Stress 25:616-23. 2012
    ..06, 3.83] for new-onset PTSD or depression. These results suggest that combat experience, not features specific to being a health care professional, was the key exposure explaining the development of these outcomes...
  32. doi request reprint Bodybuilding, energy, and weight-loss supplements are associated with deployment and physical activity in U.S. military personnel
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:318-30. 2012
    ..This study aimed to determine whether deployment experience and physical activity were associated with the use of bodybuilding, energy, or weight-loss supplement among U.S. military personnel...
  33. pmc Exploratory factor analysis of self-reported symptoms in a large, population-based military cohort
    Molly L Kelton
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:94. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to use exploratory factor analysis to describe the correlations among numerous physical and psychological symptoms in terms of a smaller number of unobserved variables or factors...
  34. doi request reprint Self-reported health symptoms and conditions among complementary and alternative medicine users in a large military cohort
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:613-22. 2009
    ..To describe medical symptom and condition reporting in relation to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among members of the US military...
  35. ncbi request reprint Millennium Cohort: enrollment begins a 21-year contribution to understanding the impact of military service
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:181-91. 2007
    ..In response to health concerns of military members about deployment and other service-related exposures, the Department of Defense (DoD) initiated the largest prospective study ever undertaken in the U.S. military...
  36. pmc Baseline self reported functional health and vulnerability to post-traumatic stress disorder after combat deployment: prospective US military cohort study
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMJ 338:b1273. 2009
    ..To determine if baseline functional health status, as measured by SF-36 (veterans), predicts new onset symptoms or diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder among deployed US military personnel with combat exposure...
  37. pmc PTSD prevalence, associated exposures, and functional health outcomes in a large, population-based military cohort
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:90-102. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms and diagnosis, self-reported exposures, and functional health in a large cross-section of the U.S. military...
  38. doi request reprint Individual augmentee deployment and newly reported mental health morbidity
    Nisara S Granado
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:615-20. 2012
    ..To investigate the association between US Navy individual augmentee (IA) deployers, who may lack the protective effects of unit cohesion and social support, and newly reported mental health...
  39. doi request reprint US military service members vaccinated against smallpox in 2003 and 2004 experience a slightly higher risk of hospitalization postvaccination
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Vaccine 26:4048-56. 2008
    ....
  40. doi request reprint Combat deployment is associated with sexual harassment or sexual assault in a large, female military cohort
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Womens Health Issues 23:e215-23. 2013
    ..Furthermore, little is known about sexual stressors' occurrence and their correlates in relation to female troops deployed to the current operations in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  41. ncbi request reprint Gulf War veterans and Iraqi nerve agents at Khamisiyah: postwar hospitalization data revisited
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:457-67. 2003
    ..Veterans possibly exposed to nerve agents released by the Khamisiyah demolition were not found to be at increased risk for hospitalizations from any other chronic diseases nearly 10 years after the Gulf War...
  42. ncbi request reprint Reliability of standard health assessment instruments in a large, population-based cohort study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:525-32. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate internal consistency of standardized instruments and concordance of responses in a test-retest setting...
  43. ncbi request reprint Ten years and 100,000 participants later: occupational and other factors influencing participation in US Gulf War health registries
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 44:758-68. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that certain occupational factors and wartime exposures may influence subsequent health care-seeking behavior...
  44. pmc Sleep patterns before, during, and after deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan
    Amber D Seelig
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Sleep 33:1615-22. 2010
    ..To determine the associations between deployment in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and sleep quantity and quality...
  45. ncbi request reprint The occupational role of women in military service: validation of occupation and prevalence of exposures in the Millennium Cohort Study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Int J Environ Health Res 17:271-84. 2007
    ..Occupational groups with higher odds of reporting military exposures of concern will be followed longitudinally through 2022 and prospectively compared using baseline and follow-up evaluations...
  46. ncbi request reprint In-theater hospitalizations of US and allied personnel during the 1991 Gulf War
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1064-76. 2004
    ..Although these data may be incomplete, they represent the best-known data reflecting in-theater hospitalizations during the Gulf War of 1991 and show remarkable similarities in risk factors to those for postwar hospitalization...
  47. doi request reprint Newly reported respiratory symptoms and conditions among military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: a prospective population-based study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1433-42. 2009
    ..Significant associations seen with land-based deployment also imply that exposures related to ground combat may be important...
  48. ncbi request reprint When epidemiology meets the Internet: Web-based surveys in the Millennium Cohort Study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1345-54. 2007
    ..Web responders provided more complete contact information, including their e-mail addresses. These results demonstrate the value of survey research conducted over the Internet in concert with traditional mail survey strategies...
  49. pmc Prospectively assessed posttraumatic stress disorder and associated physical activity
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, 140 Sylvester Rd, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Public Health Rep 126:371-83. 2011
    ..We examined the association of physical activity with prospectively assessed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a military cohort...
  50. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 7:16. 2007
    ..In contrast, few studies have examined CAM use within military populations, which have ready access to conventional medicine. Currently, the prevalence and impact of CAM use in US military populations remains unknown...
  51. doi request reprint Evaluation of preterm births and birth defects in liveborn infants of US military women who received smallpox vaccine
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:533-9. 2008
    ..These analyses address health outcomes, particularly preterm births and birth defects, among infants who appear to have been exposed to maternal smallpox vaccination in pregnancy...
  52. pmc Prospective investigation of complementary and alternative medicine use and subsequent hospitalizations
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 8:19. 2008
    ..However, there has been little objective research into the possible risks or benefits of unmanaged CAM therapies...
  53. ncbi request reprint The mental health of U.S. military women in combat support occupations
    Krista E Lindstrom
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:162-72. 2006
    ..S. military is increasing, and they are being selected into jobs that are more combat related. However, the mental health effects of working in combat support occupations among military women have not been previously evaluated...
  54. ncbi request reprint Self-reported reproductive outcomes among male and female 1991 Gulf War era US military veterans
    Timothy S Wells
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Matern Child Health J 10:501-10. 2006
    ..Our objective was to assess whether an association exists between deployment to the 1991 Gulf War and self-reported adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  55. ncbi request reprint Smallpox vaccination is not associated with infertility in a healthy young adult population
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Hum Vaccin 4:224-8. 2008
    ..Therefore, no association was found between smallpox vaccination and subsequent infertility diagnoses in either men or women. This study represents the first large epidemiologic investigation of infertility after the smallpox vaccine...
  56. doi request reprint Haemangiomas and associated congenital malformations in a large population-based sample of infants
    Anna T Bukowinski
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:520-9. 2008
    ..This exploratory study identified a number of important associations between haemangiomas and congenital malformations that may provide insight into the pathogenesis of these disorders and have possible implications for clinical care...
  57. doi request reprint Infant abusive head trauma in a military cohort
    Gia R Gumbs
    Naval Health Research Center, Deployment Health Research Department, 140 Sylvester Rd, San Diego, CA 92106 3521
    Pediatrics 132:668-76. 2013
    ..Evaluate the rate of, and risk factors for, abusive head trauma (AHT) among infants born to military families and compare with civilian population rates...
  58. pmc Application of latent semantic analysis for open-ended responses in a large, epidemiologic study
    Travis D Leleu
    Deployment Health Research Department at Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:136. 2011
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to examine characteristics of Millennium Cohort Study participants who responded to the open-ended question, and to identify and investigate the most commonly reported areas of concern...
  59. pmc A prospective study of lupus and rheumatoid arthritis in relation to deployment in support of iraq and afghanistan: the millennium cohort study
    Kelly A Jones
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Autoimmune Dis 2011:741267. 2011
    ..Women, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic participants had a significantly elevated risk for both diseases. Overall, deployment was not associated with an increased risk of newly reported lupus or rheumatoid arthritis...
  60. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the postdeployment hospitalization experience of U.S. military personnel following service in the 1991 Gulf War, Southwest Asia after the Gulf War, and Bosnia
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 3:660-70. 2006
    ..Although the risk for hospitalization may be associated with regional deployment, it is unlikely that Gulf War veterans are at greater risk of hospitalization due to a specific exposure-related disease...
  61. pmc Does acute maternal stress in pregnancy affect infant health outcomes? Examination of a large cohort of infants born after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001
    Skye M Endara
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:252. 2009
    ..Infants in utero during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 may have been negatively affected by maternal stress. Studies to date have produced contradictory results...
  62. doi request reprint Mental health impact of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts: a review of US research, service provision, and programmatic responses
    Timothy S Wells
    Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 5122, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 23:144-52. 2011
    ..Scientists and clinicians continue efforts to understand the determinants, prevention, recognition, and treatment of combat-related mental disorders...
  63. ncbi request reprint Anthrax vaccination in the Millennium Cohort: validation and measures of health
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense, Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92486 5122, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:347-53. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported anthrax vaccination to electronic vaccine records among a large military cohort and to evaluate the relationship between vaccine history and health outcome data...
  64. pmc National Department of Defense surveillance data for antibiotic resistance and emm gene types of clinical group A streptococcal isolates from eight basic training military sites
    Christopher P Barrozo
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4808-11. 2003
    ..Macrolide resistance was associated with geographic sites and emm type. These data are useful for vaccine development initiatives and antimicrobial treatment considerations...
  65. ncbi request reprint Self-reported mental health among US military personnel prior and subsequent to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:775-82. 2004
    ..In contrast to studies of other populations, military respondents reported fewer mental health problems in the months immediately after September 11, 2001...
  66. ncbi request reprint Asthma hospitalizations among US military personnel, 1994 to 2004
    Christian J Hansen
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 98:36-43. 2007
    ..The burden of asthma hospitalization on the US health care system has greatly interested health care workers, many of whom see the incidence of asthma as increasing...
  67. doi request reprint Antibodies to squalene in US Navy Persian Gulf War veterans with chronic multisymptom illness
    Christopher J Phillips
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Vaccine 27:3921-6. 2009
    ..We found no association between squalene antibody status and chronic multisymptom illness (p=0.465). The etiology of Gulf War syndrome remains unknown, but should not include squalene antibody status...
  68. ncbi request reprint Self-reported symptoms and medical conditions among 11,868 Gulf War-era veterans: the Seabee Health Study
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:1033-44. 2002
    ..5, 2.4). While these data do not implicate a specific etiologic exposure, they demonstrate a strong association and a high prevalence of self-reported multisymptom conditions in a large group of symptomatic Gulf War veterans...
  69. ncbi request reprint Monitoring anthrax vaccine safety in US military service members on active duty: surveillance of 1998 hospitalizations in temporal association with anthrax immunization
    Paul A Sato
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Vaccine 20:2369-74. 2002
    ..Adjusted risk ratios for hospitalization by diagnostic category suggest that immunized service members were at equal or lesser risk for hospitalization than the non-immunized...
  70. ncbi request reprint Varicella susceptibility and vaccine use among young adults enlisting in the United States Navy
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Med Virol 70:S15-9. 2003
    ..S. Navy. Results of serologic screening undertaken on this large number of young adults may be useful in tracking the changing epidemiology of varicella in the general population in the post-vaccine era...
  71. pmc Demographic and occupational predictors of early response to a mailed invitation to enroll in a longitudinal health study
    Jean Paul Chretien
    Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System DoD GEIS, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:6. 2007
    ..Utilizing characteristics of early responders (refusal or consent) in enrollment and recontact efforts may be a unique and cost-effective approach for improving the quality of epidemiologic research...
  72. doi request reprint Re: "Psychiatric diagnoses in historic and contemporary military cohorts: combat deployment and the healthy warrior effect"
    Tyler C Smith
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1094-5; author reply 1096-8. 2008
  73. pmc Acetylcholinesterase inhibition and Gulf War illnesses: conclusions are not supported by independent reviews of the same evidence
    Dan Blazer
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:E20. 2008
  74. ncbi request reprint Millennium Cohort: the 2001-2003 baseline prevalence of mental disorders in the U.S. military
    James R Riddle
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:192-201. 2007
    ..The mental health of service members affects organizational productivity and effectiveness and is of great importance to the health of U.S. military members and public health in general...
  75. ncbi request reprint Self-reported adverse health events following smallpox vaccination in a large prospective study of US military service members
    Timothy S Wells
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433, USA
    Hum Vaccin 4:127-33. 2008
    ..These findings complement studies that utilize other data sources, such as electronic hospitalization records, and may be reassuring to health care providers and those who receive the smallpox vaccination...
  76. doi request reprint Prior health care utilization as a potential determinant of enrollment in a 21-year prospective study, the Millennium Cohort Study
    Timothy S Wells
    Biomechanics Branch, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Building 824, Dayton, OH, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:79-87. 2008
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Assessing the potential health impact of the 1991 Gulf War on Saudi Arabian National Guard soldiers
    Gary D Gackstetter
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Room A1044, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:801-8. 2005
    ..Although post-war health outcomes have been studied in US, British, Canadian, Danish, and other deployed troops, this issue has not been previously evaluated in coalition forces native to the Gulf region...
  78. pmc The long-term hospitalization experience following military service in the 1991 Gulf War among veterans remaining on active duty, 1994-2004
    Tomoko I Hooper
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Service University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:60. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the long-term hospitalization experience of the subset of U.S. Gulf War veterans still on active duty between 1994 and 2004...
  79. ncbi request reprint Saudi Arabia-United States collaboration in health research: a formula for success
    Tomoko I Hooper
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 4799, USA
    Am J Infect Control 33:192-6. 2005
    ..By paying particular attention to distinct social and religious customs, geopolitical differences, and unique aspects of the health care system, we achieved a successful international collaboration in health research...
  80. pmc Walking decreased risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults with diabetes
    Tyler C Smith
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0607, La Jolla, CA 92093 0607, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:309-17. 2007
    ..This study examines the association of walking with mortality in persons with type 2 diabetes compared to those with normal glucose tolerance...