Margaret A K Ryan

Summary

Affiliation: Naval Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Demographic and occupational predictors of early response to a mailed invitation to enroll in a longitudinal health study
    Jean Paul Chretien
    Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System DoD GEIS, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:6. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Handwashing and respiratory illness among young adults in military training
    M A Ryan
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Prev Med 21:79-83. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Varicella susceptibility and vaccine use among young adults enlisting in the United States Navy
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Med Virol 70:S15-9. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint Millennium Cohort: enrollment begins a 21-year contribution to understanding the impact of military service
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:181-91. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Large epidemic of respiratory illness due to adenovirus types 7 and 3 in healthy young adults
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, San Diego, CA, 92186, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 34:577-82. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint The Department of Defense Birth Defects Registry: overview of a new surveillance system
    M A Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Teratology 64:S26-9. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Newly reported hypertension after military combat deployment in a large population-based study
    Nisara S Granado
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Hypertension 54:966-73. 2009
  8. doi request reprint The impact of prior deployment experience on civilian employment after military service
    Jaime L Horton
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 5122, USA
    Occup Environ Med 70:408-17. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Prospective evaluation of mental health and deployment experience among women in the US military
    Amber D Seelig
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:135-45. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008

Detail Information

Publications97

  1. pmc Demographic and occupational predictors of early response to a mailed invitation to enroll in a longitudinal health study
    Jean Paul Chretien
    Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System DoD GEIS, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:6. 2007
    ..Utilizing characteristics of early responders (refusal or consent) in enrollment and recontact efforts may be a unique and cost-effective approach for improving the quality of epidemiologic research...
  2. ncbi request reprint Handwashing and respiratory illness among young adults in military training
    M A Ryan
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Prev Med 21:79-83. 2001
    ..In response to increasing concerns about respiratory illness in military recruits, a simple handwashing program was developed and evaluated at a large Navy training center...
  3. ncbi request reprint Varicella susceptibility and vaccine use among young adults enlisting in the United States Navy
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Med Virol 70:S15-9. 2003
    ..S. Navy. Results of serologic screening undertaken on this large number of young adults may be useful in tracking the changing epidemiology of varicella in the general population in the post-vaccine era...
  4. ncbi request reprint Millennium Cohort: enrollment begins a 21-year contribution to understanding the impact of military service
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:181-91. 2007
    ..In response to health concerns of military members about deployment and other service-related exposures, the Department of Defense (DoD) initiated the largest prospective study ever undertaken in the U.S. military...
  5. ncbi request reprint Large epidemic of respiratory illness due to adenovirus types 7 and 3 in healthy young adults
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, San Diego, CA, 92186, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 34:577-82. 2002
    ..This was the largest outbreak of respiratory illness due to adenovirus types 7 and 3 documented in recent history, and it portends even greater challenges for young adults in the military in the postvaccine era...
  6. ncbi request reprint The Department of Defense Birth Defects Registry: overview of a new surveillance system
    M A Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Teratology 64:S26-9. 2001
    ..To address this concern, the DoD Birth Defects Registry was established at the DoD Center for Deployment Health Research located at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California...
  7. ncbi request reprint Newly reported hypertension after military combat deployment in a large population-based study
    Nisara S Granado
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Hypertension 54:966-73. 2009
    ..07 to 1.65). Although military deployers, in general, had a lower incidence of hypertension than nondeployers, deployment with multiple stressful combat exposures appeared to be a unique risk factor for newly reported hypertension...
  8. doi request reprint The impact of prior deployment experience on civilian employment after military service
    Jaime L Horton
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 5122, USA
    Occup Environ Med 70:408-17. 2013
    ..To determine if deployment to recent military operations or other health, demographic, or military-related characteristics were associated with employment after military service...
  9. doi request reprint Prospective evaluation of mental health and deployment experience among women in the US military
    Amber D Seelig
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:135-45. 2012
    ..01). As the roles and responsibilities of women in the military expand and deployments continue, designing better prevention and recovery strategies specifically for women are critical for overall force health protection and readiness...
  10. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008
    ..The current study describes new smoking among never-smokers, smoking recidivism among past smokers, and change in daily smoking among smokers in relation to military deployment...
  11. doi request reprint Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:415-27. 2009
    ..70). Despite no significant overall association between deployment and disordered eating and weight changes, deployed women reporting combat exposures represent a subgroup at higher risk for developing eating problems and weight loss...
  12. doi request reprint Prior assault and posttraumatic stress disorder after combat deployment
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Epidemiology 19:505-12. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to prospectively examine the relation between prior assault and new-onset PTSD symptoms in a large US military cohort deployed in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  13. ncbi request reprint Newly reported lupus and rheumatoid arthritis in relation to deployment within proximity to a documented open-air burn pit in Iraq
    Kelly A Jones
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:698-707. 2012
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Linking exposures and health outcomes to a large population-based longitudinal study: the Millennium Cohort Study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Mil Med 176:56-63. 2011
    ..To describe current efforts and future potential for understanding long-term health of military service members by linking the Millennium Cohort Study data to exposures and health outcomes...
  15. ncbi request reprint The postwar hospitalization experience of Gulf War veterans participating in U.S. health registries
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:386-97. 2004
    ..40-1.46). These findings support the hypothesis that registry participants were more likely to experience postwar morbidity than veterans who chose not to enroll in the health registries...
  16. doi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among U.S. military health care professionals deployed in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    J Trauma Stress 25:616-23. 2012
    ..06, 3.83] for new-onset PTSD or depression. These results suggest that combat experience, not features specific to being a health care professional, was the key exposure explaining the development of these outcomes...
  17. doi request reprint Is military deployment a risk factor for maternal depression?
    Stacie Nguyen
    Department of Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 22:9-18. 2013
    ..Using data from a large military cohort, this study prospectively examined the relationship between deployment experience before and after childbirth and maternal depression among U.S. service women...
  18. doi request reprint A comparison of mental health outcomes in persons entering U.S. military service before and after September 11, 2001
    Timothy S Wells
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 5122, USA
    J Trauma Stress 25:17-24. 2012
    ..Findings support the concept that the experience of war, and resulting psychological morbidity, is not a function of incongruent expectations...
  19. ncbi request reprint Birth defects among infants born to women who received anthrax vaccine in pregnancy
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:434-42. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deployment
    Isabel G Jacobson
    DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    JAMA 300:663-75. 2008
    ..High rates of alcohol misuse after deployment have been reported among personnel returning from past conflicts, yet investigations of alcohol misuse after return from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are lacking...
  21. ncbi request reprint Mefloquine use and hospitalizations among US service members, 2002-2004
    Timothy S Wells
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:744-9. 2006
    ..These results suggest there is no association between mefloquine prescriptions and severe health effects, as measured by hospitalizations, across a wide range of outcomes...
  22. pmc PTSD prevalence, associated exposures, and functional health outcomes in a large, population-based military cohort
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:90-102. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms and diagnosis, self-reported exposures, and functional health in a large cross-section of the U.S. military...
  23. doi request reprint Preinjury psychiatric status, injury severity, and postdeployment posttraumatic stress disorder
    Donald A Sandweiss
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:496-504. 2011
    ..Previous studies have retrospectively examined the relationship of preinjury psychiatric status and postinjury PTSD with conflicting results, but no prospective studies regarding this subject have been conducted, to our knowledge...
  24. pmc Health impact of US military service in a large population-based military cohort: findings of the Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2008
    Tyler C Smith
    Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Rd, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:69. 2011
    ..This report outlines how findings from the first 7 years of the Millennium Cohort Study have helped to address health concerns related to military service including deployments...
  25. doi request reprint Evaluation of preterm births and birth defects in liveborn infants of US military women who received smallpox vaccine
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:533-9. 2008
    ..These analyses address health outcomes, particularly preterm births and birth defects, among infants who appear to have been exposed to maternal smallpox vaccination in pregnancy...
  26. ncbi request reprint The US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study: career span and beyond longitudinal follow-up
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1193-201. 2009
    ..To describe current and future career-span health research in the US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study...
  27. pmc Baseline self reported functional health and vulnerability to post-traumatic stress disorder after combat deployment: prospective US military cohort study
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMJ 338:b1273. 2009
    ..To determine if baseline functional health status, as measured by SF-36 (veterans), predicts new onset symptoms or diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder among deployed US military personnel with combat exposure...
  28. ncbi request reprint Smallpox vaccination: comparison of self-reported and electronic vaccine records in the millennium cohort study
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Defense, Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Hum Vaccin 3:245-51. 2007
    ....
  29. doi request reprint US military service members vaccinated against smallpox in 2003 and 2004 experience a slightly higher risk of hospitalization postvaccination
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Vaccine 26:4048-56. 2008
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Individual augmentee deployment and newly reported mental health morbidity
    Nisara S Granado
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:615-20. 2012
    ..To investigate the association between US Navy individual augmentee (IA) deployers, who may lack the protective effects of unit cohesion and social support, and newly reported mental health...
  31. pmc Exploratory factor analysis of self-reported symptoms in a large, population-based military cohort
    Molly L Kelton
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:94. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to use exploratory factor analysis to describe the correlations among numerous physical and psychological symptoms in terms of a smaller number of unobserved variables or factors...
  32. doi request reprint Self-reported health symptoms and conditions among complementary and alternative medicine users in a large military cohort
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:613-22. 2009
    ..To describe medical symptom and condition reporting in relation to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among members of the US military...
  33. doi request reprint Infant abusive head trauma in a military cohort
    Gia R Gumbs
    Naval Health Research Center, Deployment Health Research Department, 140 Sylvester Rd, San Diego, CA 92106 3521
    Pediatrics 132:668-76. 2013
    ..Evaluate the rate of, and risk factors for, abusive head trauma (AHT) among infants born to military families and compare with civilian population rates...
  34. ncbi request reprint Combat deployment is associated with sexual harassment or sexual assault in a large, female military cohort
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Womens Health Issues 23:e215-23. 2013
    ..Furthermore, little is known about sexual stressors' occurrence and their correlates in relation to female troops deployed to the current operations in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  35. ncbi request reprint The effects of exposure to documented open-air burn pits on respiratory health among deployers of the Millennium Cohort Study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 54:708-16. 2012
    ..To investigate respiratory illnesses and potential open-air burn pit exposure among Millennium Cohort participants who deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan...
  36. doi request reprint Bodybuilding, energy, and weight-loss supplements are associated with deployment and physical activity in U.S. military personnel
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:318-30. 2012
    ..This study aimed to determine whether deployment experience and physical activity were associated with the use of bodybuilding, energy, or weight-loss supplement among U.S. military personnel...
  37. pmc Prospective investigation of complementary and alternative medicine use and subsequent hospitalizations
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 8:19. 2008
    ..However, there has been little objective research into the possible risks or benefits of unmanaged CAM therapies...
  38. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of conjunctivitis due to a novel unencapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae among military trainees
    Nancy F Crum
    Clinical Investigation Department, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA 92134 1005, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1148-54. 2004
    ..Bacterial conjunctivitis usually occurs as sporadic cases; outbreaks are uncommon and usually are associated with school campuses. We report an outbreak of Streptococcus pneumoniae conjunctivitis at a military training facility...
  39. pmc Vaccine-preventable adenoviral respiratory illness in US military recruits, 1999-2004
    Kevin L Russell
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Vaccine 24:2835-42. 2006
    ..Laboratory diagnoses complimented the surveillance efforts...
  40. ncbi request reprint When epidemiology meets the Internet: Web-based surveys in the Millennium Cohort Study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1345-54. 2007
    ..Web responders provided more complete contact information, including their e-mail addresses. These results demonstrate the value of survey research conducted over the Internet in concert with traditional mail survey strategies...
  41. ncbi request reprint The occupational role of women in military service: validation of occupation and prevalence of exposures in the Millennium Cohort Study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Int J Environ Health Res 17:271-84. 2007
    ..Occupational groups with higher odds of reporting military exposures of concern will be followed longitudinally through 2022 and prospectively compared using baseline and follow-up evaluations...
  42. ncbi request reprint In-theater hospitalizations of US and allied personnel during the 1991 Gulf War
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1064-76. 2004
    ..Although these data may be incomplete, they represent the best-known data reflecting in-theater hospitalizations during the Gulf War of 1991 and show remarkable similarities in risk factors to those for postwar hospitalization...
  43. doi request reprint Postdeployment hospitalizations among service members deployed in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:603-12. 2009
    ..This study investigates morbidity among deployers by uniquely comparing after-deployment hospitalizations to before-deployment hospitalizations and hospitalizations among nondeployers...
  44. ncbi request reprint The mental health of U.S. military women in combat support occupations
    Krista E Lindstrom
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:162-72. 2006
    ..S. military is increasing, and they are being selected into jobs that are more combat related. However, the mental health effects of working in combat support occupations among military women have not been previously evaluated...
  45. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 7:16. 2007
    ..In contrast, few studies have examined CAM use within military populations, which have ready access to conventional medicine. Currently, the prevalence and impact of CAM use in US military populations remains unknown...
  46. ncbi request reprint The millennium Cohort Study: a 21-year prospective cohort study of 140,000 military personnel
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 167:483-8. 2002
    ..In addition to revealing changes in veterans' health status over time, the Millennium Cohort Study will serve as a data repository, providing a solid foundation upon which additional epidemiological studies may be constructed...
  47. pmc Risk factors for community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in an outbreak of disease among military trainees in San Diego, California, in 2002
    Katherine M Campbell
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:4050-3. 2004
    ..This outbreak of MRSA skin infections in an otherwise-healthy, well-defined, military population provided an opportunity to describe risk factors for CA-MRSA which may help focus prevention efforts in this and other communities...
  48. doi request reprint Haemangiomas and associated congenital malformations in a large population-based sample of infants
    Anna T Bukowinski
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:520-9. 2008
    ..This exploratory study identified a number of important associations between haemangiomas and congenital malformations that may provide insight into the pathogenesis of these disorders and have possible implications for clinical care...
  49. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy, birth, and infant health outcomes from the National Smallpox Vaccine in Pregnancy Registry, 2003-2006
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:S221-6. 2008
    ..No cases of fetal vaccinia have been identified. The Smallpox Vaccine in Pregnancy Registry continues to actively enroll women and follow infant and early-childhood health outcomes...
  50. ncbi request reprint Ten years and 100,000 participants later: occupational and other factors influencing participation in US Gulf War health registries
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 44:758-68. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that certain occupational factors and wartime exposures may influence subsequent health care-seeking behavior...
  51. pmc Influenza vaccine effectiveness among US military basic trainees, 2005-06 season
    Jennifer K Strickler
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:617-9. 2007
    ..Vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed influenza was 92% (95% confidence interval 85%-96%)...
  52. ncbi request reprint Reliability of standard health assessment instruments in a large, population-based cohort study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:525-32. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate internal consistency of standardized instruments and concordance of responses in a test-retest setting...
  53. ncbi request reprint Smallpox vaccination is not associated with infertility in a healthy young adult population
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Hum Vaccin 4:224-8. 2008
    ..Therefore, no association was found between smallpox vaccination and subsequent infertility diagnoses in either men or women. This study represents the first large epidemiologic investigation of infertility after the smallpox vaccine...
  54. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the postdeployment hospitalization experience of U.S. military personnel following service in the 1991 Gulf War, Southwest Asia after the Gulf War, and Bosnia
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 3:660-70. 2006
    ..Although the risk for hospitalization may be associated with regional deployment, it is unlikely that Gulf War veterans are at greater risk of hospitalization due to a specific exposure-related disease...
  55. pmc New onset and persistent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder self reported after deployment and combat exposures: prospective population based US military cohort study
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMJ 336:366-71. 2008
    ..To describe new onset and persistence of self reported post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in a large population based military cohort, many of whom were deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  56. pmc A prospective study of lupus and rheumatoid arthritis in relation to deployment in support of iraq and afghanistan: the millennium cohort study
    Kelly A Jones
    Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Autoimmune Dis 2011:741267. 2011
    ..Women, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic participants had a significantly elevated risk for both diseases. Overall, deployment was not associated with an increased risk of newly reported lupus or rheumatoid arthritis...
  57. pmc PCR analysis of egyptian respiratory adenovirus isolates, including identification of species, serotypes, and coinfections
    David Metzgar
    Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:5743-52. 2005
    ..In particular, coinfections may influence adenoviral evolution, as interserotypic recombination has been identified as a source of emerging strains...
  58. pmc Application of latent semantic analysis for open-ended responses in a large, epidemiologic study
    Travis D Leleu
    Deployment Health Research Department at Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:136. 2011
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to examine characteristics of Millennium Cohort Study participants who responded to the open-ended question, and to identify and investigate the most commonly reported areas of concern...
  59. ncbi request reprint Gulf War veterans and Iraqi nerve agents at Khamisiyah: postwar hospitalization data revisited
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:457-67. 2003
    ..Veterans possibly exposed to nerve agents released by the Khamisiyah demolition were not found to be at increased risk for hospitalizations from any other chronic diseases nearly 10 years after the Gulf War...
  60. ncbi request reprint Predictors of Navy attrition. II. A demonstration of potential usefulness for screening
    Gerald E Larson
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 167:770-6. 2002
    ..S. military's primary attrition management tools. Finally, the consequences of using different cutoff scores on the 40-item composite were simulated so that various hypothetical screening strategies could be considered...
  61. pmc National Department of Defense surveillance data for antibiotic resistance and emm gene types of clinical group A streptococcal isolates from eight basic training military sites
    Christopher P Barrozo
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4808-11. 2003
    ..Macrolide resistance was associated with geographic sites and emm type. These data are useful for vaccine development initiatives and antimicrobial treatment considerations...
  62. ncbi request reprint Self-reported mental health among US military personnel prior and subsequent to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:775-82. 2004
    ..In contrast to studies of other populations, military respondents reported fewer mental health problems in the months immediately after September 11, 2001...
  63. pmc Does acute maternal stress in pregnancy affect infant health outcomes? Examination of a large cohort of infants born after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001
    Skye M Endara
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:252. 2009
    ..Infants in utero during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 may have been negatively affected by maternal stress. Studies to date have produced contradictory results...
  64. pmc Molecular analysis of adenovirus isolates from vaccinated and unvaccinated young adults
    Daniel A Blasiole
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:1686-93. 2004
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Transmission dynamics and prospective environmental sampling of adenovirus in a military recruit setting
    Kevin L Russell
    Department of Defense, Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, 92186 5122, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:877-85. 2006
    ..The transmission dynamics of adenovirus have never been well understood, which complicates prevention efforts...
  66. pmc Fatal meningitis in a previously healthy young adult caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 38: an emerging serotype?
    Carolyn I Baker
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 5:38. 2005
    ..In December 2001, a fatal case of pneumococcal meningitis in a Marine Corps recruit was identified. As pneumococcal vaccine usage in recruit populations is being considered, an investigation was initiated into the causative serotype...
  67. doi request reprint Antibodies to squalene in US Navy Persian Gulf War veterans with chronic multisymptom illness
    Christopher J Phillips
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Vaccine 27:3921-6. 2009
    ..We found no association between squalene antibody status and chronic multisymptom illness (p=0.465). The etiology of Gulf War syndrome remains unknown, but should not include squalene antibody status...
  68. ncbi request reprint Asthma hospitalizations among US military personnel, 1994 to 2004
    Christian J Hansen
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 98:36-43. 2007
    ..The burden of asthma hospitalization on the US health care system has greatly interested health care workers, many of whom see the incidence of asthma as increasing...
  69. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of the 2003-2004 influenza vaccine among U.S. military basic trainees: a year of suboptimal match between vaccine and circulating strain
    Kevin L Russell
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense, Centre for Deployment Health Research, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Vaccine 23:1981-5. 2005
    ..VE in this population was estimated to be 94.4% for laboratory-confirmed influenza. In contrast, VE was only 13.9% for influenza-like illness (ILI) without a laboratory confirmation...
  70. ncbi request reprint Risky alcohol use, age at onset of drinking, and adverse childhood experiences in young men entering the US Marine Corps
    Sylvia Y N Young
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:1207-14. 2006
    ..To examine how childhood experiences relate to risky underage drinking...
  71. ncbi request reprint Anthrax vaccination in the Millennium Cohort: validation and measures of health
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense, Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92486 5122, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:347-53. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported anthrax vaccination to electronic vaccine records among a large military cohort and to evaluate the relationship between vaccine history and health outcome data...
  72. ncbi request reprint U.S. military deployment during 2001-2006: comparison of subjective and objective data sources in a large prospective health study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:976-82. 2007
    ..This study compared self-reported and electronic deployment data and explored differences in functional health...
  73. doi request reprint Evaluating the epidemiology of inflicted traumatic brain injury in infants of U.S. military families
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:S143-7. 2008
    ..Data available regarding military families in the U.S. may complement other national surveillance efforts...
  74. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis infection among young adults enlisting in the United States Navy
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:934-9. 2002
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) is a re-emerging infectious disease threat worldwide. To protect the health and readiness of US military personnel, policies exist to screen for and treat latent TB infection at the time of service entrance...
  75. pmc Challenges of self-reported medical conditions and electronic medical records among members of a large military cohort
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:37. 2008
    ..Self-reported diagnoses may differ from medical record diagnoses due to poor patient-clinician communication, self-diagnosis in the absence of a satisfactory explanation for symptoms, or the "health literacy" of the patient...
  76. ncbi request reprint Halting a pneumococcal pneumonia outbreak among United States Marine Corps trainees
    Nancy F Crum
    Clinical Investigation Department KCA, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, Suite 5, San Diego, CA 92134 1005, USA
    Am J Prev Med 25:107-11. 2003
    ..A significant outbreak of S. pneumoniae pneumonia that occurred among Marine recruits is reported here...
  77. ncbi request reprint National Department of Defense Surveillance for Invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae: antibiotic resistance, serotype distribution, and arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction analyses
    M K Hudspeth
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:591-6. 2001
    ..0001). These results are valuable in assessing appropriate use of antibiotics and vaccines against S. pneumoniae in both military personnel and their families...
  78. ncbi request reprint Predictors of Navy attrition. I. Analysis of 1-year attrition
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 167:760-9. 2002
    ..Similar factors were associated with different categories of attrition (e.g., medical, behavioral). The implications of these findings for attrition reduction strategies are discussed...
  79. ncbi request reprint Pneumococcal vaccine to counter emerging infectious disease threat in the military
    J A McKeehan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186-5122, USA
    Mil Med 166:1087-90. 2001
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Meningococcal disease among United States military service members in relation to routine uses of vaccines with different serogroup-specific components, 1964-1998
    John F Brundage
    Henry M Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Rockville, MD, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:1376-81. 2002
    ..In the US military, immunizations have been effective for the prevention of disease caused by vaccine-homologous serogroups of N. meningitidis...
  81. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia among military personnel at high risk: control by low-dose azithromycin postexposure chemoprophylaxis
    Jose L Sanchez
    Epidemiology Services, Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, 5158 Blackhawk Road, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 5403, USA
    Mil Med 168:1-6. 2003
    ..02-4.02, p = 0.05). The outbreak was controlled by administrating lowdose, oral azithromycin prophylaxis (250 mg weekly for 2 weeks) and was associated with a 69% reduction in pneumococcal carriage and a 94% reduction in pneumonia rates...
  82. ncbi request reprint The Recruit assessment Program: a program to collect comprehensive baseline health data from U.S. military personnel
    Kenneth C Hyams
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Mil Med 167:44-7. 2002
    ..For the first time, DoD and Department of Veterans Affairs physicians, public health officers, and researchers will have access to comprehensive baseline health status data...
  83. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of adenovirus type 4 infections in US military recruits in the postvaccination era (1997-2003)
    Adriana E Kajon
    Infectious Disease Program, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
    J Infect Dis 196:67-75. 2007
    ..The discontinuation of Ad vaccination programs in 1999 precipitated the reemergence of Ad in training sites, with Ad4 accounting for 98% of all diagnosed cases...
  84. ncbi request reprint Priorities for psychiatric research in the U.S. military: an epidemiological approach
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    Mil Med 168:182-5. 2003
    ..The highly structured occupational environment of the military lends itself to studies of preventive interventions designed to reduce disability or occupational attrition resulting from mental/behavioral problems...
  85. pmc Innovative surveillance methods for rapid detection of disease outbreaks and bioterrorism: results of an interagency workshop on health indicator surveillance
    Julie A Pavlin
    Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections System, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1230-5. 2003
    ..The consensus of the group was that a nationally led effort in developing health indicator surveillance methods is needed to promote effective, innovative systems...
  86. doi request reprint Prior health care utilization as a potential determinant of enrollment in a 21-year prospective study, the Millennium Cohort Study
    Timothy S Wells
    Biomechanics Branch, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Building 824, Dayton, OH, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:79-87. 2008
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint Self-reported adverse health events following smallpox vaccination in a large prospective study of US military service members
    Timothy S Wells
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433, USA
    Hum Vaccin 4:127-33. 2008
    ..These findings complement studies that utilize other data sources, such as electronic hospitalization records, and may be reassuring to health care providers and those who receive the smallpox vaccination...
  88. ncbi request reprint Symptomatic respiratory syncytial virus infection in previously healthy young adults living in a crowded military environment
    Matthew K O'Shea
    Institute of Naval Medicine, Alverstoke, Gosport, Hampshire, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 41:311-7. 2005
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy discovered after smallpox vaccination: Is vaccinia immune globulin appropriate?
    Peter G Napolitano
    Department OBGYN, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1863-7. 2004
    ..We review the existing medical literature to access the risks of fetal vaccinia in these pregnancies and the controversy regarding the prophylactic use of vaccinia immune globulin...
  90. doi request reprint Re: "Psychiatric diagnoses in historic and contemporary military cohorts: combat deployment and the healthy warrior effect"
    Tyler C Smith
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1094-5; author reply 1096-8. 2008
  91. ncbi request reprint Assessing the potential health impact of the 1991 Gulf War on Saudi Arabian National Guard soldiers
    Gary D Gackstetter
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Room A1044, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:801-8. 2005
    ..Although post-war health outcomes have been studied in US, British, Canadian, Danish, and other deployed troops, this issue has not been previously evaluated in coalition forces native to the Gulf region...
  92. ncbi request reprint Benefits and harms of doxycycline treatment for Gulf War veterans' illnesses: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Sam T Donta
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:85-94. 2004
    ....
  93. ncbi request reprint The Millennium Cohort Study
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Mil Med 167:ii. 2002
  94. ncbi request reprint Unnecessary losses: deaths in military recruit training
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Am J Prev Med 26:250-1. 2004
  95. ncbi request reprint Birth defects among infants of Gulf War veterans, 1989-1993
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 70:47; author reply 48-9. 2004
  96. ncbi request reprint The Neurocognition Deployment Health Study: a prospective cohort study of Army Soldiers
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Mil Med 171:253-60. 2006
    ..Findings should have the potential to delineate neuropsychological outcomes related to combat theater deployment and to identify potential risk and protective factors related to health outcomes...
  97. ncbi request reprint Saudi Arabia-United States collaboration in health research: a formula for success
    Tomoko I Hooper
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 4799, USA
    Am J Infect Control 33:192-6. 2005
    ..By paying particular attention to distinct social and religious customs, geopolitical differences, and unique aspects of the health care system, we achieved a successful international collaboration in health research...