Amy F Subar

Summary

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The food propensity questionnaire: concept, development, and validation for use as a covariate in a model to estimate usual food intake
    Amy F Subar
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1556-63. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Formative research of a quick list for an automated self-administered 24-hour dietary recall
    Amy F Subar
    National Cancer Institute, Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1002-7. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Checking for completeness of 24-h urine collection using para-amino benzoic acid not necessary in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition study
    A F Subar
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 67:863-7. 2013
  4. pmc Effect of smoking status on total energy expenditure
    David P Bradley
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:81. 2010
  5. pmc Assessment of the accuracy of portion size reports using computer-based food photographs aids in the development of an automated self-administered 24-hour recall
    Amy F Subar
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Applied Research Program, Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:55-64. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the OPEN study
    Amy F Subar
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1-13. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Structure of dietary measurement error: results of the OPEN biomarker study
    Victor Kipnis
    Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:14-21; discussion 22-6. 2003
  8. pmc Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations
    Susan M Krebs-Smith
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010
  9. pmc Dairy food, calcium, and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Yikyung Park
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:391-401. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and esophageal cancer in a large prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 121:2753-60. 2007

Detail Information

Publications79

  1. ncbi request reprint The food propensity questionnaire: concept, development, and validation for use as a covariate in a model to estimate usual food intake
    Amy F Subar
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1556-63. 2006
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Formative research of a quick list for an automated self-administered 24-hour dietary recall
    Amy F Subar
    National Cancer Institute, Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1002-7. 2007
    ..This pilot work illustrates the usefulness of formative cognitive and usability testing for questionnaire and software development...
  3. doi request reprint Checking for completeness of 24-h urine collection using para-amino benzoic acid not necessary in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition study
    A F Subar
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 67:863-7. 2013
    ..The purpose was to examine the effect of including urine collections deemed incomplete based on PABAcheck in a dietary measurement error study...
  4. pmc Effect of smoking status on total energy expenditure
    David P Bradley
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:81. 2010
    ..Using doubly labeled water, we found no evidence of increased energy expenditure among smokers, however, it should be noted that BMI differences in this cohort also did not differ by smoking status...
  5. pmc Assessment of the accuracy of portion size reports using computer-based food photographs aids in the development of an automated self-administered 24-hour recall
    Amy F Subar
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Applied Research Program, Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:55-64. 2010
    ..To assess the accuracy of portion-size estimates and participant preferences using various presentations of digital images...
  6. ncbi request reprint Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the OPEN study
    Amy F Subar
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1-13. 2003
    ..There was little underreporting of the percentage of energy from protein for men or women. These findings have important implications for nutritional epidemiology and dietary surveillance...
  7. ncbi request reprint Structure of dietary measurement error: results of the OPEN biomarker study
    Victor Kipnis
    Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:14-21; discussion 22-6. 2003
    ..Results suggest that the interpretation of findings from FFQ-based epidemiologic studies of diet-disease associations needs to be reevaluated...
  8. pmc Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations
    Susan M Krebs-Smith
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010
    ..In conclusion, nearly the entire U.S. population consumes a diet that is not on par with recommendations. These findings add another piece to the rather disturbing picture that is emerging of a nation's diet in crisis...
  9. pmc Dairy food, calcium, and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Yikyung Park
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:391-401. 2009
    ..Dairy food and calcium intakes have been hypothesized to play roles that differ among individual cancer sites, but the evidence has been limited and inconsistent. Moreover, their effect on cancer in total is unclear...
  10. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and esophageal cancer in a large prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 121:2753-60. 2007
    ..A significant inverse association between EAC and Chenopodiaceae (spinach) intake was observed. Results from our study suggest that the relation of fruit and vegetable intake and esophageal cancer risk may vary by histologic type...
  11. pmc Dietary fatty acids and pancreatic cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Anne C M Thiebaut
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1001-11. 2009
    ..Previous research relating dietary fat, a modifiable risk factor, to pancreatic cancer has been inconclusive...
  12. doi request reprint Strength of the relationships between three self-reported dietary intake instruments and serum carotenoids: the Observing Energy and Protein Nutrition (OPEN) Study
    Stephanie M George
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, EPN 4017A, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Public Health Nutr 15:1000-7. 2012
    ..To assess the strength of the relationships between serum carotenoids and three self-reported dietary intake instruments often used to characterize carotenoid intake in studies of diet and disease...
  13. pmc Comparing 3 dietary pattern methods--cluster analysis, factor analysis, and index analysis--With colorectal cancer risk: The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Jill Reedy
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:479-87. 2010
    ..Similarities were found across methods, suggesting basic qualities of healthy diets. Nonetheless, findings vary because each method answers a different question...
  14. ncbi request reprint A comparison of a food frequency questionnaire with a 24-hour recall for use in an epidemiological cohort study: results from the biomarker-based Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1054-62. 2003
    ..We use data from the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study to compare the performance of a FFQ with that of a 24-hour recall (24HR)...
  15. pmc Adolescent and mid-life diet: risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Elizabeth H Ruder
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1607-19. 2011
    ..Colorectal cancer has a natural history of several decades; therefore, the diet consumed decades before diagnosis may aid in understanding this malignancy...
  16. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber and whole-grain consumption in relation to colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1353-60. 2007
    ..Whether the intake of dietary fiber can protect against colorectal cancer is a long-standing question of considerable public health import, but the epidemiologic evidence has been inconsistent...
  17. ncbi request reprint Performance of a short tool to assess dietary intakes of fruits and vegetables, percentage energy from fat and fibre
    Frances E Thompson
    Risk Factor Surveillance and Methodology Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, EPN 4016, 6130 Executive Blvd, MSC 7344, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    Public Health Nutr 7:1097-105. 2004
    ..The ability of this screener and a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure these exposures is evaluated...
  18. pmc Alcohol consumption and lung cancer risk in the Environment and Genetics in Lung Cancer Etiology (EAGLE) study
    Vincenzo Bagnardi
    Genetic Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS 7114, Bethesda, MD 20892 7236, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:36-44. 2010
    ..Although residual confounding by tobacco smoking cannot be ruled out, this finding may reflect interplay between alcohol and smoking, emphasizing the need for preventive measures...
  19. pmc Modeling data with excess zeros and measurement error: application to evaluating relationships between episodically consumed foods and health outcomes
    Victor Kipnis
    Biometry, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Boulevard, EPN 3131, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7354, USA
    Biometrics 65:1003-10. 2009
    ..Finally, we present simulation results evaluating the performance of the proposed method in this context...
  20. ncbi request reprint Statistical methods for estimating usual intake of nutrients and foods: a review of the theory
    Kevin W Dodd
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1640-50. 2006
    ..These differences can result in estimated usual intake distributions that differ from one another. We also demonstrate the need for an improved method for estimating usual intake distributions for episodically consumed foods...
  21. pmc A prospective study of meat, cooking methods, meat mutagens, heme iron, and lung cancer risks
    Natasa Tasevska
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 7242, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1884-94. 2009
    ..Red and processed meat consumption may play a role in lung cancer pathogenesis because of these meats' fat and carcinogen content...
  22. ncbi request reprint Dietary intake estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: methodology, results, and interpretation
    Frances E Thompson
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:352-63; quiz 487. 2005
    ....
  23. pmc Comparison of 4 established DASH diet indexes: examining associations of index scores and colorectal cancer
    Paige E Miller
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 98:794-803. 2013
    ..Multiple diet indexes have been developed to capture the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and examine relations with health outcomes but have not been compared within the same study population to our knowledge...
  24. pmc Validating an FFQ for intake of episodically consumed foods: application to the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Douglas Midthune
    Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North Suite 3131, 6130 Executive Blvd MSC 7354, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Public Health Nutr 14:1212-21. 2011
    ..To develop a method to validate an FFQ for reported intake of episodically consumed foods when the reference instrument measures short-term intake, and to apply the method in a large prospective cohort...
  25. ncbi request reprint Development and evaluation of a short instrument to estimate usual dietary intake of percentage energy from fat
    Frances E Thompson
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:760-7. 2007
    ....
  26. pmc Sugars in diet and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Natasa Tasevska
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7242, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:159-69. 2012
    ..Measurement error in FFQ-reported dietary sugars may have limited our ability to obtain more conclusive findings. Statistically significant associations observed for the rare cancers are of interest and warrant further investigation...
  27. doi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and gastric cancer risk in a large United States prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:459-67. 2008
    ..Fruit and vegetable intake may protect against gastric cancer incidence. Results from case-control studies have indicated an inverse association, but results from cohort studies are inconsistent...
  28. pmc Dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Yikyung Park
    Divisions of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics and Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:664-71. 2009
    ..Although dietary fiber has been hypothesized to lower risk of breast cancer by modulating estrogen metabolism, the association between dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer by hormone receptor status is unclear...
  29. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and head and neck cancer risk in a large United States prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 122:2330-6. 2008
    ..Results from this large prospective observational study are consistent with previous case-control studies and support the hypothesis that total fruit and vegetable intake is associated with reduced risk of head and neck cancer...
  30. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial predictors of energy underreporting in a large doubly labeled water study
    Janet A Tooze
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North, Suite 3131, 6130 Executive Boulevard, MSC 7354, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:795-804. 2004
    ..Doubly labeled water is an unbiased reference biomarker for energy intake that may be used to assess underreporting...
  31. pmc Reactivity and its association with body mass index across days on food checklists
    Sharon I Kirkpatrick
    Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Boulevard, EPN 4005 Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Acad Nutr Diet 112:110-8. 2012
    ..However, the effects are generally small and independent of body weight, suggesting that checklists are potentially useful for the study of body weight and diet...
  32. ncbi request reprint Performance of a food-frequency questionnaire in the US NIH-AARP (National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons) Diet and Health Study
    Frances E Thompson
    US National Cancer Institute, EPN 4016, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20893 7344, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:183-95. 2008
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Alcohol, smoking, and body size in relation to incident Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk
    Unhee Lim
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:697-708. 2007
    ..19, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.38) were associated moderately with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. These findings add to the evidence that lifestyle factors and relevant anthropometric characteristics play a role in lymphoma etiology...
  34. pmc Dietary quercetin, quercetin-gene interaction, metabolic gene expression in lung tissue and lung cancer risk
    Tram Kim Lam
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Office of Preventive Oncology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Carcinogenesis 31:634-42. 2010
    ..Our findings suggest an interplay between quercetin intake, tobacco smoking, and lung cancer risk. Further research on this relationship is warranted...
  35. pmc Intakes of red meat, processed meat, and meat mutagens increase lung cancer risk
    Tram Kim Lam
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Office of Preventive Oncology, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, corrected Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7236, USA
    Cancer Res 69:932-9. 2009
    ..In summary, red meat, processed meat, and meat mutagens were independently associated with increased risk of lung cancer...
  36. ncbi request reprint Supplemental and dietary vitamin E intakes and risk of prostate cancer in a large prospective study
    Margaret E Wright
    Divisions of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1128-35. 2007
    ..The potential benefit of gamma-tocopherol for prostate cancer prevention deserves further attention...
  37. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Yikyung Park
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:170-80. 2007
    ..the lowest = 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.74, 0.99). Intake of fruits was not related to risk of colorectal cancer in men or women...
  38. pmc A prospective study of meat and fat intake in relation to small intestinal cancer
    Amanda J Cross
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer Res 68:9274-9. 2008
    ..72; 95% CI, 1.79-7.74 for each 10-g increase in intake per 1,000 kcal). Our findings suggest that the positive associations for meat intake reported in previous case-control studies may partly be explained by saturated fat intake...
  39. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable assessment: performance of 2 new short instruments and a food frequency questionnaire
    Frances E Thompson
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:1764-72. 2002
    ..The "All-Day" screener asks frequency and portion size questions about 9 food items. The "By-Meal" screener is similar, except that it asks about 2 of those 9 food items in terms of mealtime...
  40. pmc Glycemic index, carbohydrates, glycemic load, and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective cohort study
    Li Jiao
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1144-51. 2009
    ..The higher risk associated with high free fructose intake needs further confirmation and elucidation...
  41. pmc Observational epidemiologic studies of nutrition and cancer: the next generation (with better observation)
    Arthur Schatzkin
    National Cancer Institute, Bethseda, MD, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1026-32. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Comparison of estimated renal net acid excretion from dietary intake and body size with urine pH
    Dominique S Michaud
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NIH, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 320 MSC 7232, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1001-7; discussion 1007. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to examine whether estimated net acid excretion (NAE) from two dietary assessment instruments can predict urine pH in healthy volunteers...
  43. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and postmenopausal invasive breast cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort
    Anne C M Thiebaut
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Executive Plaza South Rm 3033, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:451-62. 2007
    ..Although ecologic association and animal studies support a direct effect of dietary fat on the development of breast cancer, results of epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive...
  44. doi request reprint Use of the predictive sugars biomarker to evaluate self-reported total sugars intake in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study
    Natasa Tasevska
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Nutritional Epidemiology, Branch, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, EPN 3121, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:490-500. 2011
    ..A predictive biomarker for intake of total sugars was recently developed under controlled conditions. We used this biomarker to assess measurement error (ME) structure in self-reported intake of total sugars in free-living individuals...
  45. ncbi request reprint Meat and meat-mutagen intake and pancreatic cancer risk in the NIH-AARP cohort
    Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon
    National Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health Human Services, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:2664-75. 2007
    ..006) increased risk in men and women combined. These findings support the hypothesis that meat intake, particularly meat cooked at high temperatures and associated mutagens, may play a role in pancreatic cancer development...
  46. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of tobacco, alcohol, and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer subtypes
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1424-33. 2007
    ..93, 95% CI: 2.69, 9.03) but not risk for esophageal, gastric cardia, or gastric noncardia adenocarcinoma...
  47. ncbi request reprint History of diabetes mellitus and subsequent prostate cancer risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Brook A Calton
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS MSC 7232, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 18:493-503. 2007
    ..A history of diabetes has been hypothesized to decrease prostate cancer risk, but studies have not always considered confounding or effect modification by dietary or lifestyle factors...
  48. ncbi request reprint Supplemental and dietary vitamin E, beta-carotene, and vitamin C intakes and prostate cancer risk
    Victoria A Kirsh
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 98:245-54. 2006
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Cognitive research enhances accuracy of food frequency questionnaire reports: results of an experimental validation study
    Frances E Thompson
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:212-25. 2002
    ....
  50. pmc Dietary fiber intake and mortality in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Yikyung Park
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Arch Intern Med 171:1061-8. 2011
    ..Dietary fiber has been hypothesized to lower the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers. However, little is known of the effect of dietary fiber intake on total death and cause-specific deaths...
  51. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intakes and the risk of colorectal cancer in the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project follow-up cohort
    Andrew Flood
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, The National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:936-43. 2002
    ..Recent findings have cast doubt on the hypothesis that high intakes of fruit and vegetables are associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer...
  52. ncbi request reprint Changes in vegetable and fruit consumption and awareness among US adults: results of the 1991 and 1997 5 A Day for Better Health Program surveys
    Gloria J Stables
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:809-17. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study is to assess population-based changes in vegetable and fruit consumption and psychosocial correlates...
  53. ncbi request reprint Dietary fibre and colorectal adenoma in a colorectal cancer early detection programme
    Ulrike Peters
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, US National Institutes of Health, DHHS, MD 20892 7273, USA
    Lancet 361:1491-5. 2003
    ..Although dietary fibre has been reported to have no association with colorectal adenoma and cancer, in some studies this topic remains controversial...
  54. ncbi request reprint Use of vitamin, mineral, nonvitamin, and nonmineral supplements in the United States: The 1987, 1992, and 2000 National Health Interview Survey results
    Amy E Millen
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer and Population Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:942-50. 2004
    ..To describe trends in use of specific vitamin and mineral (VM) supplements...
  55. doi request reprint Dietary assessment in food environment research: a systematic review
    Sharon I Kirkpatrick
    School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland Electronic address
    Am J Prev Med 46:94-102. 2014
    ..The objective of this review, conducted in 2012-2013, was to examine measures of dietary intake utilized in food environment research...
  56. ncbi request reprint Developing dietary assessment tools
    Amy F Subar
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, National Cancer Institute NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:769-70. 2004
  57. pmc Environment And Genetics in Lung cancer Etiology (EAGLE) study: an integrative population-based case-control study of lung cancer
    Maria Teresa Landi
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:203. 2008
    ..A new framework of research is needed to address the challenges offered by this complex disease...
  58. ncbi request reprint Consumption of aspartame-containing beverages and incidence of hematopoietic and brain malignancies
    Unhee Lim
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Boulevard, EPN 4005, Rockville, MD 20852 7344, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:1654-9. 2006
    ..Most animal studies have found no increase in the risk of these or other cancers. Data on humans are sparse for either cancer. Concern lingers regarding this widely used artificial sweetener...
  59. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of fruit and vegetable intake and risk of prostate cancer
    Victoria A Kirsh
    Research Unit, Division of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1200-9. 2007
    ..Several epidemiologic studies have reported associations between fruit and vegetable intake and reduced risk of prostate cancer, but the findings are inconsistent and data on clinically relevant advanced prostate cancer are limited...
  60. ncbi request reprint Adjustments to improve the estimation of usual dietary intake distributions in the population
    Laurence S Freedman
    Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    J Nutr 134:1836-43. 2004
    ..Incorporating UN assessments into nutritional surveys, therefore, deserves serious consideration...
  61. ncbi request reprint Dietary sources of nutrients among US adults, 1994 to 1996
    Paul A Cotton
    Community Nutrition Research Group, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:921-30. 2004
    ..To identify major food sources of 30 nutrients and dietary constituents among US adults during 1994 to 1996, and to compare them with those identified for 1989 to 1991...
  62. ncbi request reprint A comparison of two dietary instruments for evaluating the fat-breast cancer relationship
    Laurence S Freedman
    Gertner Institute for Epidemiology, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1011-21. 2006
    ..We assessed this further using 4 day food records (FRs) and FFQs in a large sample...
  63. pmc A new statistical method for estimating the usual intake of episodically consumed foods with application to their distribution
    Janet A Tooze
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1575-87. 2006
    ..We propose a new statistical method that uses information from two 24-hour recalls to estimate usual intake of episodically consumed foods...
  64. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate, glycemic index, and glycemic load and colorectal adenomas in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Screening Study
    Andrew Flood
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1184-92. 2006
    ..It is possible that high-glycemic-load diets, through their hyperinsulinemic effects, can increase the risk of colorectal cancer...
  65. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and prevalence of colorectal adenoma in a cancer screening trial
    Amy E Millen
    University at Buffalo, School of Public Health and Health Professions, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14214 8001, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1754-64. 2007
    ..Research on the association between fruit and vegetable intake and risk of colorectal adenoma is inconclusive...
  66. ncbi request reprint Adherence to the USDA Food Guide, DASH Eating Plan, and Mediterranean dietary pattern reduces risk of colorectal adenoma
    L Beth Dixon
    Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, New York University, New York City, NY 10012, USA
    J Nutr 137:2443-50. 2007
    ..lt;or=2 = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.55-0.99; P-trend = 0.08). Following the current U.S. dietary recommendations or a Mediterranean dietary pattern is associated with reduced risk of colorectal adenoma, especially in men...
  67. doi request reprint Using biomarker data to adjust estimates of the distribution of usual intakes for misreporting: application to energy intake in the US population
    Rivka Yanetz
    Department of Mathematics, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:455-64; discussion 464. 2008
    ....
  68. doi request reprint Sources of food group intakes among the US population, 2001-2002
    Jessica L Bachman
    Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:804-14. 2008
    ..Food guides are typically built around a system of food groups. Accordingly, the US Department of Agriculture's MyPyramid includes both food groups and subgroups, as well as an allowance for discretionary calories, in its guidance...
  69. pmc Dietary patterns as identified by factor analysis and colorectal cancer among middle-aged Americans
    Andrew Flood
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health and The Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:176-84. 2008
    ..Although diet has long been suspected as an etiological factor for colorectal cancer, studies of single foods and nutrients have provided inconsistent results...
  70. pmc Added sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and beverages and the risk of pancreatic cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Ying Bao
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:431-40. 2008
    ..Although it has been hypothesized that hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance are involved in the development of pancreatic cancer, results from epidemiologic studies of added sugar intake are inconclusive...
  71. pmc Intakes of fruit, vegetables, and specific botanical groups in relation to lung cancer risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Margaret E Wright
    Department of Pathology MC 847, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 840 South Wood Street, Room 130, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1024-34. 2008
    ..06). These results provide support for a protective role of specific botanical subgroups of fruits and vegetables in lung cancer prevention in men, although the findings could also be due to residual confounding by smoking or chance...
  72. ncbi request reprint Total daily energy expenditure among middle-aged men and women: the OPEN Study
    Janet A Tooze
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:382-7. 2007
    ..The committee that developed the 2002 Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) estimated energy requirements (EER) noted that DLW studies in adults aged 40 to 60 y were limited...
  73. ncbi request reprint Abandon neither the food frequency questionnaire nor the dietary fat-breast cancer hypothesis
    Laurence S Freedman
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1321-2. 2007
  74. ncbi request reprint Adaptation and evaluation of the National Cancer Institute's Diet History Questionnaire and nutrient database for Canadian populations
    Ilona Csizmadi
    Division of Population Health and Information, Alberta Cancer Board, 1331 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 4N2
    Public Health Nutr 10:88-96. 2007
    ..Hence, we undertook to evaluate and modify the National Cancer Institute's Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) and nutrient database...
  75. ncbi request reprint The National Cancer Institute diet history questionnaire: validation of pyramid food servings
    Amy E Millen
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:279-88. 2006
    ..62 and 0.60 for women and 0.63 and 0.66 for men, respectively. This food frequency questionnaire validation study of foods measured in pyramid servings allowed for a measure of food intake consistent with national dietary guidance...
  76. ncbi request reprint Water turnover in 458 American adults 40-79 yr of age
    Aarthi Raman
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 286:F394-401. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate that water turnover is highly variable among individuals and that little of the variance is explained by anthropometric parameters...
  77. ncbi request reprint Methodology for adding glycemic load values to the National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire database
    Andrew Flood
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:393-402. 2006
    ..A growing interest exists in using glycemic index and glycemic load as potentially important exposures in investigations of risk for a variety of chronic diseases...
  78. ncbi request reprint Carotenoid and tocopherol estimates from the NCI diet history questionnaire are valid compared with multiple recalls and serum biomarkers
    L Beth Dixon
    Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, New York University, New York City, NY, USA
    J Nutr 136:3054-61. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Mediterranean dietary pattern and prediction of all-cause mortality in a US population: results from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Panagiota N Mitrou
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Arch Intern Med 167:2461-8. 2007
    ..The Mediterranean diet has been suggested to play a beneficial role for health and longevity. However, to our knowledge, no prospective US study has investigated the Mediterranean dietary pattern in relation to mortality...