Arthur Schatzkin

Summary

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Observational epidemiologic studies of nutrition and cancer: the next generation (with better observation)
    Arthur Schatzkin
    National Cancer Institute, Bethseda, MD, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1026-32. 2009
  2. pmc Interleukin-6 as a potential indicator for prevention of high-risk adenoma recurrence by dietary flavonols in the polyp prevention trial
    Gerd Bobe
    Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 3:764-75. 2010
  3. pmc Body mass index and risk of ovarian cancer
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Cancer 115:812-22. 2009
  4. pmc Dietary fatty acids and pancreatic cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Anne C M Thiebaut
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1001-11. 2009
  5. pmc Physical activity and head and neck cancer risk
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:1391-9. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Adiposity, adult weight change, and postmenopausal breast cancer risk
    Jiyoung Ahn
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, EPS, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2091-102. 2007
  7. doi request reprint Adiposity, physical activity, and pancreatic cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Cohort
    Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:586-97. 2008
  8. pmc Dietary meat intake in relation to colorectal adenoma in asymptomatic women
    Leah M Ferrucci
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 104:1231-40. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Endometrial cancer and menopausal hormone therapy in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort
    James V Lacey
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Cancer 109:1303-11. 2007
  10. pmc Body size and renal cell cancer incidence in a large US cohort study
    Kenneth F Adams
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:268-77. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications99

  1. pmc Observational epidemiologic studies of nutrition and cancer: the next generation (with better observation)
    Arthur Schatzkin
    National Cancer Institute, Bethseda, MD, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1026-32. 2009
    ....
  2. pmc Interleukin-6 as a potential indicator for prevention of high-risk adenoma recurrence by dietary flavonols in the polyp prevention trial
    Gerd Bobe
    Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 3:764-75. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that serum IL-6 may serve as a risk indicator and as a response indicator to dietary flavonols for colorectal cancer prevention...
  3. pmc Body mass index and risk of ovarian cancer
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Cancer 115:812-22. 2009
    ..However, to the authors' knowledge, data addressing whether the relation between BMI and ovarian cancer differs by MHT use are very sparse...
  4. pmc Dietary fatty acids and pancreatic cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Anne C M Thiebaut
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1001-11. 2009
    ..Previous research relating dietary fat, a modifiable risk factor, to pancreatic cancer has been inconclusive...
  5. pmc Physical activity and head and neck cancer risk
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:1391-9. 2008
    ..To investigate the relation of physical activity to head and neck cancer...
  6. ncbi request reprint Adiposity, adult weight change, and postmenopausal breast cancer risk
    Jiyoung Ahn
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, EPS, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2091-102. 2007
    ..Obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer, but the role of the timing and amount of adult weight change in breast cancer risk is unclear...
  7. doi request reprint Adiposity, physical activity, and pancreatic cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Cohort
    Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:586-97. 2008
    ..53, 95% CI: 1.13, 5.65; p(trend) = 0.04) in women but not men. The authors observed no association with physical activity. Their results suggest a positive association between adiposity and pancreatic cancer...
  8. pmc Dietary meat intake in relation to colorectal adenoma in asymptomatic women
    Leah M Ferrucci
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 104:1231-40. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Endometrial cancer and menopausal hormone therapy in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort
    James V Lacey
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Cancer 109:1303-11. 2007
    ....
  10. pmc Body size and renal cell cancer incidence in a large US cohort study
    Kenneth F Adams
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:268-77. 2008
    ..Waist-to hip ratio was positively associated with RCC in women and with height at age 18 years in both men and women...
  11. pmc Meat consumption and risk of esophageal and gastric cancer in a large prospective study
    Amanda J Cross
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 106:432-42. 2011
    ..Although there have been multiple studies of meat and colorectal cancer, other gastrointestinal malignancies are understudied...
  12. pmc Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and endometrial cancer risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Gretchen L Gierach
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852 7234, USA
    Int J Cancer 124:2139-47. 2009
    ..02). Associations with vigorous activities, which may interact with body mass index, suggest directions for future research to clarify underlying biologic mechanisms, including those relating to hormonal alterations...
  13. pmc Pancreatic cancer and exposure to dietary nitrate and nitrite in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy
    Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20892, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:305-15. 2011
    ..These results provide modest evidence that processed meat sources of dietary nitrate and nitrite may be associated with pancreatic cancer among men and provide no support for the hypothesis in women...
  14. ncbi request reprint Body mass and colorectal cancer risk in the NIH-AARP cohort
    Kenneth F Adams
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:36-45. 2007
    ..02). BMI was related to colon cancer risk for younger (aged 50-66 years) but not older (aged 67-71 years) women. The association was not modified by hormone replacement therapy in women or physical activity in men or women...
  15. pmc Prospective study of physical activity and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 10:R92. 2008
    ..To prospectively examine the relation of total, vigorous and non-vigorous physical activity to postmenopausal breast cancer risk...
  16. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and esophageal cancer in a large prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 121:2753-60. 2007
    ..A significant inverse association between EAC and Chenopodiaceae (spinach) intake was observed. Results from our study suggest that the relation of fruit and vegetable intake and esophageal cancer risk may vary by histologic type...
  17. pmc Dairy food, calcium, and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Yikyung Park
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:391-401. 2009
    ..Dairy food and calcium intakes have been hypothesized to play roles that differ among individual cancer sites, but the evidence has been limited and inconsistent. Moreover, their effect on cancer in total is unclear...
  18. doi request reprint Strength of the relationships between three self-reported dietary intake instruments and serum carotenoids: the Observing Energy and Protein Nutrition (OPEN) Study
    Stephanie M George
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, EPN 4017A, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Public Health Nutr 15:1000-7. 2012
    ..To assess the strength of the relationships between serum carotenoids and three self-reported dietary intake instruments often used to characterize carotenoid intake in studies of diet and disease...
  19. pmc Diabetes and thyroid cancer risk in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy
    Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20892, USA
    Thyroid 21:957-63. 2011
    ....
  20. pmc Comparing 3 dietary pattern methods--cluster analysis, factor analysis, and index analysis--With colorectal cancer risk: The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Jill Reedy
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:479-87. 2010
    ..Similarities were found across methods, suggesting basic qualities of healthy diets. Nonetheless, findings vary because each method answers a different question...
  21. pmc Dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Yikyung Park
    Divisions of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics and Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:664-71. 2009
    ..Although dietary fiber has been hypothesized to lower risk of breast cancer by modulating estrogen metabolism, the association between dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer by hormone receptor status is unclear...
  22. doi request reprint Diabetes mellitus and prostate cancer risk in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:1267-76. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Physical activity and postmenopausal breast cancer risk in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Tricia M Peters
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, 6120 Executive Boulevard, MSC 7232, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:289-96. 2009
    ..Although physical activity has been associated with reduced breast cancer risk, whether this association varies across breast cancer subtypes or is modified by reproductive and lifestyle factors is unclear...
  24. pmc Dopamine D2 receptor polymorphisms and adenoma recurrence in the Polyp Prevention Trial
    Gwen Murphy
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Office of Preventive Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Int J Cancer 124:2148-51. 2009
    ..Increased risk of adenoma recurrence as conferred by DRD2 genotypes may be related to difference in alcohol and fat intake across genotypes...
  25. pmc A prospective study of meat, cooking methods, meat mutagens, heme iron, and lung cancer risks
    Natasa Tasevska
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 7242, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1884-94. 2009
    ..Red and processed meat consumption may play a role in lung cancer pathogenesis because of these meats' fat and carcinogen content...
  26. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and head and neck cancer risk in a large United States prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 122:2330-6. 2008
    ..Results from this large prospective observational study are consistent with previous case-control studies and support the hypothesis that total fruit and vegetable intake is associated with reduced risk of head and neck cancer...
  27. ncbi request reprint Postpolypectomy colonoscopy surveillance guidelines: predictive accuracy for advanced adenoma at 4 years
    Adeyinka O Laiyemo
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Biometry Research Group, Divisionof Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:419-26. 2008
    ..Lack of confidence in postpolypectomy surveillance guidelines may be a factor in the observed low adherence rates among providers...
  28. pmc Physical activity and esophageal and gastric carcinoma in a large prospective study
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:112-9. 2009
    ..Few studies have investigated the relationship of physical activity to esophageal and gastric carcinoma according to histology and anatomic site...
  29. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber and whole-grain consumption in relation to colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1353-60. 2007
    ..Whether the intake of dietary fiber can protect against colorectal cancer is a long-standing question of considerable public health import, but the epidemiologic evidence has been inconsistent...
  30. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Yikyung Park
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:170-80. 2007
    ..the lowest = 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.74, 0.99). Intake of fruits was not related to risk of colorectal cancer in men or women...
  31. ncbi request reprint Structure of dietary measurement error: results of the OPEN biomarker study
    Victor Kipnis
    Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:14-21; discussion 22-6. 2003
    ..Results suggest that the interpretation of findings from FFQ-based epidemiologic studies of diet-disease associations needs to be reevaluated...
  32. pmc Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and mortality: NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Jacqueline M Major
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e15538. 2010
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Lifetime weight history and endometrial cancer risk by type of menopausal hormone use in the NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Shih Chen Chang
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Suite 320, Executive Plaza South, MSC7232, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:723-30. 2007
    ..We conclude that both current adiposity and adult weight gain are associated with substantial increases in the risk of endometrial cancer, with relations particularly evident among never users of menopausal hormone therapy...
  34. pmc Intensity and timing of physical activity in relation to postmenopausal breast cancer risk: the prospective NIH-AARP diet and health study
    Tricia M Peters
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD, USA
    BMC Cancer 9:349. 2009
    ..Despite strong evidence of an inverse association of physical activity with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, whether a certain intensity or time of life of physical activity is most effective for lowering breast cancer risk is not known...
  35. pmc Coffee intake and breast cancer risk in the NIH-AARP diet and health study cohort
    Gretchen L Gierach
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, Suite 550, Rockville, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 131:452-60. 2012
    ..Null findings persisted for risk of both HR-positive and -negative breast cancers. These findings from a large prospective cohort do not support a role of coffee intake in breast carcinogenesis...
  36. pmc Socioeconomic deprivation impact on meat intake and mortality: NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Jacqueline M Major
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 22:1699-707. 2011
    ..This study examined the impact of area socioeconomic deprivation on the association between meat intake and all-cause and cause-specific mortality after accounting for individual-level risk factors...
  37. pmc Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and cause-specific mortality in US adults
    Charles E Matthews
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:437-45. 2012
    ..Sedentary behaviors predominate modern life, yet we do not fully understand the adverse effects of these behaviors on mortality after considering the benefits of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Dairy products, calcium intake, and risk of prostate cancer in the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer screening trial
    Jiyoung Ahn
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:2623-30. 2007
    ..Furthermore, we found no relationship between calcium intake and circulating vitamin D...
  39. pmc Menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study Cohort
    Louise A Brinton
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3150-60. 2008
    ..Results from the Women's Health Initiative trial raise new questions regarding the effects of estrogen therapy (ET) and estrogen plus progestin therapy (EPT) on breast cancer risk...
  40. pmc Hyperplastic polyps and the risk of adenoma recurrence in the polyp prevention trial
    Adeyinka O Laiyemo
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Office of Preventive Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 7:192-7. 2009
    ..Prospective information on the risk of adenoma recurrence associated with hyperplastic polyps is limited. We sought to investigate whether the coexistence of hyperplastic polyps with adenomas increases the risk of adenoma recurrence...
  41. pmc Prospective study of dietary fiber, whole grain foods, and small intestinal cancer
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    Gastroenterology 135:1163-7. 2008
    ..We conducted a prospective cohort study to determine the relationship between intake of dietary fiber/whole grains and the incidence of small intestinal cancer...
  42. pmc A combined healthy lifestyle score and risk of pancreatic cancer in a large cohort study
    Li Jiao
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:764-70. 2009
    ..We generated a healthy lifestyle score to investigate their joint effect on risk of pancreatic cancer...
  43. pmc Beyond recreational physical activity: examining occupational and household activity, transportation activity, and sedentary behavior in relation to postmenopausal breast cancer risk
    Stephanie M George
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2288-95. 2010
    ..We prospectively examined nonrecreational physical activity and sedentary behavior in relation to breast cancer risk among 97 039 postmenopausal women in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study...
  44. pmc Physical activity during adulthood and adolescence in relation to renal cell cancer
    Steven C Moore
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:149-57. 2008
    ..82 (95% CI: 0.68, 1.00; p(trend) = 0.05) for activity during adolescence. The authors conclude that increased physical activity, including activity during adolescence, is associated with reduced risk of renal cell cancer...
  45. pmc Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and breast cancer risk in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Gretchen L Gierach
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, Suite 550, Rockville, MD 20852 7234, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 10:R38. 2008
    ..Epidemiologic evidence for a protective role of NSAIDs in breast cancer, however, is equivocal...
  46. pmc Alcohol use and risk of pancreatic cancer: the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Li Jiao
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1043-51. 2009
    ..41, 95% CI: 1.01, 2.00). These findings suggest a moderately increased pancreatic cancer risk with heavy alcohol use, particularly liquor; however, residual confounding by cigarette smoking cannot be completely excluded...
  47. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and postmenopausal invasive breast cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort
    Anne C M Thiebaut
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Executive Plaza South Rm 3033, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:451-62. 2007
    ..Although ecologic association and animal studies support a direct effect of dietary fat on the development of breast cancer, results of epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive...
  48. pmc Dietary lignan and proanthocyanidin consumption and colorectal adenoma recurrence in the Polyp Prevention Trial
    Gerd Bobe
    Laboratory of Cancer Prevention, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Frederick, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1649-59. 2012
    ..04). To conclude, dietary lignan and proanthocyanidin consumption were not generally related to colorectal adenoma recurrence; however, high lignan intake may increase the risk of adenoma recurrence in women...
  49. pmc Age-specific physical activity and prostate cancer risk among white men and black men
    Steven C Moore
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer 115:5060-70. 2009
    ..The authors investigated physical activity, including activity during different age periods and of various intensities, in relation to prostate cancer incidence among white men and black men...
  50. pmc Body mass index, effect modifiers, and risk of pancreatic cancer: a pooled study of seven prospective cohorts
    Li Jiao
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1305-14. 2010
    ..To investigate whether the positive association of body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) with risk of pancreatic cancer is modified by age, sex, smoking status, physical activity, and history of diabetes...
  51. pmc Alcoholic beverages and prostate cancer in a prospective US cohort study
    Joanne L Watters
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:773-80. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that higher alcohol consumption modestly increases nonadvanced prostate cancer risk...
  52. pmc Prospective study of physical activity and lung cancer by histologic type in current, former, and never smokers
    Michael F Leitzmann
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:542-53. 2009
    ..The inverse findings among former and current smokers in combination with the null results for physical activity among never smokers may point toward residual confounding by cigarette smoking as an explanation for the relations observed...
  53. pmc Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and bladder cancer: a pooled analysis
    Sarah E Daugherty
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health DHHS, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:721-30. 2011
    ..04, 95% CI: 0.94, 1.15). Results suggest that nonaspirin NSAIDs, but not aspirin, are associated with a reduction in risk of bladder cancer, particularly for nonsmokers...
  54. pmc Sugars in diet and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Natasa Tasevska
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7242, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:159-69. 2012
    ..Measurement error in FFQ-reported dietary sugars may have limited our ability to obtain more conclusive findings. Statistically significant associations observed for the rare cancers are of interest and warrant further investigation...
  55. pmc Physical activity, weight control, and breast cancer risk and survival: clinical trial rationale and design considerations
    Rachel Ballard-Barbash
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, EPN 4005, Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:630-43. 2009
    ....
  56. pmc A prospective study of meat and fat intake in relation to small intestinal cancer
    Amanda J Cross
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer Res 68:9274-9. 2008
    ..72; 95% CI, 1.79-7.74 for each 10-g increase in intake per 1,000 kcal). Our findings suggest that the positive associations for meat intake reported in previous case-control studies may partly be explained by saturated fat intake...
  57. ncbi request reprint Inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, and risk of adenoma polyp recurrence in the polyp prevention trial
    Leah B Sansbury
    Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Suite 702, 6116 Executive Boulevard, MSC 8235, Bethesda, MD 20892 8325, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:494-501. 2006
    ..Furthermore, common variants in cytokine genes may modify the anti-inflammatory effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the prevention of colorectal cancer...
  58. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of adiposity and weight change in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mortality
    Margaret E Wright
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer 109:675-84. 2007
    ..Adiposity has been linked inconsistently with prostate cancer, and few studies have evaluated whether such associations vary by disease aggressiveness...
  59. ncbi request reprint Development and evaluation of a short instrument to estimate usual dietary intake of percentage energy from fat
    Frances E Thompson
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:760-7. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Alcohol, smoking, and body size in relation to incident Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk
    Unhee Lim
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:697-708. 2007
    ..19, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.38) were associated moderately with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. These findings add to the evidence that lifestyle factors and relevant anthropometric characteristics play a role in lymphoma etiology...
  61. ncbi request reprint The polyp prevention trial continued follow-up study: no effect of a low-fat, high-fiber, high-fruit, and -vegetable diet on adenoma recurrence eight years after randomization
    Elaine Lanza
    Laboratory for Cancer Prevention, Centre for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, 6116 Executive Boulevard, Room 7206, Bethesda, MD 20892 8325, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1745-52. 2007
    ..04 (0.98-1.09). This study failed to show any effect of a low-fat, high-fiber, high-fruit and -vegetable eating pattern on adenoma recurrence even with 8 years of follow-up. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2007;16(9):1745-52)...
  62. ncbi request reprint Calcium, dairy foods, and risk of incident and fatal prostate cancer: the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Yikyung Park
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1270-9. 2007
    ..04). Although the authors cannot definitively rule out a weak association for aggressive prostate cancer, their findings do not provide strong support for the hypothesis that calcium and dairy foods increase prostate cancer risk...
  63. pmc Genomic methylation of leukocyte DNA in relation to colorectal adenoma among asymptomatic women
    Unhee Lim
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Gastroenterology 134:47-55. 2008
    ..We examined genomic methylation of leukocyte DNA in relation to colorectal adenoma (CRA) among asymptomatic women (40-79 years of age) participating in a multicenter colonoscopy screening study (CONCeRN Study, 2000-2002)...
  64. pmc A prospective study of physical activity and the risk of pancreatic cancer among women (United States)
    Brook A Calton
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NCI NIH, Rockville, MD, USA
    BMC Cancer 8:63. 2008
    ..Several epidemiologic studies have examined the association between physical activity and pancreatic cancer risk; however, the results of these studies are not consistent...
  65. doi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and gastric cancer risk in a large United States prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:459-67. 2008
    ..Fruit and vegetable intake may protect against gastric cancer incidence. Results from case-control studies have indicated an inverse association, but results from cohort studies are inconsistent...
  66. pmc Utilization and yield of surveillance colonoscopy in the continued follow-up study of the polyp prevention trial
    Adeyinka O Laiyemo
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Office of Preventive Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 7:562-7; quiz 497. 2009
    ..We examined the use and yield of surveillance colonoscopy among participants in the Polyp Prevention Trial (PPT) after the 4-year dietary intervention trial ended...
  67. pmc Adiposity in relation to colorectal adenomas and hyperplastic polyps in women
    Michael F Leitzmann
    The Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1497-507. 2009
    ..To examine whether BMI is independently related to colorectal adenomas and hyperplastic polyps...
  68. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and risk of ovarian cancer: a prospective cohort study in the United States
    Lindsay M Hannan
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS MSC 7232, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:765-70. 2004
    ..13). In this prospective cohort study among U.S. women, we found no overall significant association between physical activity and risk of ovarian cancer, although the results are suggestive of an inverse association...
  69. ncbi request reprint Reproductive factors, exogenous hormone use and bladder cancer risk in a prospective study
    Marie M Cantwell
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:2398-401. 2006
    ..62-2.43) and 0.57 (95% CI = 0.14-2.34), respectively, compared with nonusers (p = 0.50). Findings from this study are not consistent with the hypothesis that hormone-related factors in women are associated with bladder cancer...
  70. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of tobacco, alcohol, and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer subtypes
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1424-33. 2007
    ..93, 95% CI: 2.69, 9.03) but not risk for esophageal, gastric cardia, or gastric noncardia adenocarcinoma...
  71. pmc Accelerometer-measured physical activity in Chinese adults
    Tricia M Peters
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:583-91. 2010
    ..Following adoption of a Western lifestyle, China is experiencing a decline in physical activity levels, which is projected to contribute to future increases in the burden of chronic diseases...
  72. ncbi request reprint Prospective investigation of the cigarette smoking-head and neck cancer association by sex
    Neal D Freedman
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer 110:1593-601. 2007
    ..Very few prospective studies have examined the association between cigarette smoking and cancers of the head and neck in women, even though the rates of smoking in women are increasing rapidly worldwide...
  73. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber intake: assessing the degree of agreement between food frequency questionnaires and 4-day food records
    Tamaro S Hudson
    Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 8329, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:370-81. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Association of genetic variants in the calcium-sensing receptor with risk of colorectal adenoma
    Ulrike Peters
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Rockville, MD, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2181-6. 2004
    ..We assessed the associations between CASR gene variants and risk for colorectal adenoma, a cancer precursor. We further investigated gene-diet interactions between the CASR variants and calcium intake on adenoma risk...
  75. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and risk of endometrial cancer in a prospective cohort study (United States)
    Lisa H Colbert
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:559-67. 2003
    ..To examine the physical activity and endometrial cancer relationship in a prospective study of US women enrolled in the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP) Follow-up Study...
  76. ncbi request reprint Dietary fibre and risk of colorectal cancer in the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP) follow-up cohort
    Volker Mai
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:234-9. 2003
    ..We investigated the association between dietary fibre intake and risk of CRC in a cohort of women that prospectively answered a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
  77. ncbi request reprint Meat, fat, and their subtypes as risk factors for colorectal cancer in a prospective cohort of women
    Andrew Flood
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:59-68. 2003
    ..This study provided no evidence of an association between either meat or fat (or any of their subtypes) and colorectal cancer incidence, but the authors cannot rule out the possibility of a modest association...
  78. ncbi request reprint Calorie restriction and diet composition modulate spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(Min) mice through different mechanisms
    Volker Mai
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7105, USA
    Cancer Res 63:1752-5. 2003
    ..We conclude that dietary interventions can partially offset genetic susceptibility to intestinal carcinogenesis...
  79. ncbi request reprint High serum selenium and reduced risk of advanced colorectal adenoma in a colorectal cancer early detection program
    Ulrike Peters
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:315-20. 2006
    ..Although substantial evidence suggests that smoking is a strong effect modifier for other antioxidative nutrients, little is known about smoking-selenium interactions in colorectal tumors...
  80. pmc Vitamin E intake and risk of esophageal and gastric cancers in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
    Sarah Carman
    NEB DCEG, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Int J Cancer 125:165-70. 2009
    ..An increase of 71 mg/day (half the interquartile range) in supplemental vitamin E had an hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of 0.92 (0.85-1.00) and the p value for trend in the quartile analysis was 0.015...
  81. ncbi request reprint Insulin resistance-related genes and advanced left-sided colorectal adenoma
    Marc J Gunter
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:703-8. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi request reprint Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the OPEN study
    Amy F Subar
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1-13. 2003
    ..There was little underreporting of the percentage of energy from protein for men or women. These findings have important implications for nutritional epidemiology and dietary surveillance...
  83. ncbi request reprint Loss of insulin-like growth factor-II imprinting and the presence of screen-detected colorectal adenomas in women
    Karen Woodson
    Cancer Prevention Studies Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:407-10. 2004
    ..These findings are intriguing and need to be confirmed in larger studies...
  84. pmc Obesity and thyroid cancer risk among U.S. men and women: a pooled analysis of five prospective studies
    Cari M Kitahara
    Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:464-72. 2011
    ..Thyroid cancer incidence has risen dramatically in the United States since the early 1980s. Although the prevalence of obesity has doubled during this time period, the relationship between obesity and thyroid cancer is uncertain...
  85. doi request reprint Use of the predictive sugars biomarker to evaluate self-reported total sugars intake in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study
    Natasa Tasevska
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Nutritional Epidemiology, Branch, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, EPN 3121, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:490-500. 2011
    ..A predictive biomarker for intake of total sugars was recently developed under controlled conditions. We used this biomarker to assess measurement error (ME) structure in self-reported intake of total sugars in free-living individuals...
  86. pmc Lifestyle factors and risk for new-onset diabetes: a population-based cohort study
    Jared P Reis
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Ann Intern Med 155:292-9. 2011
    ..Epidemiologic data on the combined influence of several lifestyle factors on diabetes risk are rare, particularly among older adults...
  87. pmc Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and colorectal cancer risk in a large, prospective cohort
    Elizabeth H Ruder
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 106:1340-50. 2011
    ..We investigated NSAID use and colorectal adenocarcinoma by subsite, and among individuals with a family history of colon cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study...
  88. ncbi request reprint Endometrial carcinoma risks among menopausal estrogen plus progestin and unopposed estrogen users in a cohort of postmenopausal women
    James V Lacey
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:1724-31. 2005
    ..However, endometrial carcinoma risks among estrogen plus progestin users and among former unopposed estrogen users are not firmly established...
  89. doi request reprint Waist circumference and mortality
    Annemarie Koster
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography, and Biometry, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1465-75. 2008
    ..36). The finding that persons with a normal BMI but a large waist circumference had a higher mortality risk in this study suggests that increased waist circumference should be considered a risk factor for mortality, in addition to BMI...
  90. pmc Physical activity in relation to total, advanced, and fatal prostate cancer
    Steven C Moore
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:2458-66. 2008
    ..96; 95% CI, 0.67-1.36; P(trend) = 0.99). Neither vigorous exercise at baseline nor exercise during adolescence was related to risk of total, advanced, or fatal prostate cancer in this large prospective cohort...
  91. pmc Mendelian randomization: how it can--and cannot--help confirm causal relations between nutrition and cancer
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2:104-13. 2009
    ..We conclude that Mendelian randomization is not universally applicable, but, under the right conditions, can complement evidence for causal associations from conventional epidemiologic studies...
  92. pmc Reproductive factors, exogenous hormone use and risk of lymphoid neoplasms among women in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study Cohort
    Lindsay M Morton
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 124:2737-43. 2009
    ..These data do not support an important role for reproductive factors or exogenous hormones in modulating lymphomagenesis...
  93. ncbi request reprint Adenomatous polyp recurrence and physical activity in the Polyp Prevention Trial (United States)
    Lisa H Colbert
    National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:445-53. 2002
    ..To examine prospectively the association between physical activity and adenomatous polyp recurrence...
  94. ncbi request reprint Can biomarkers help us understand the nutritional and lifestyle factors important in cancer prognosis?
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20815, USA
    J Nutr 137:249S-252S. 2007
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Overweight, obesity, and mortality in a large prospective cohort of persons 50 to 71 years old
    Kenneth F Adams
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:763-78. 2006
    ..0 or more, is associated with an increased risk of death, but the relation between overweight (a BMI of 25.0 to 29.9) and the risk of death has been questioned...
  96. pmc Polymorphisms in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene and advanced colorectal adenoma risk
    Hui Lee Wong
    Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Rockville, MD, USA
    Eur J Cancer 46:2457-66. 2010
    ..Fat intake modified the APC D1822V-adenoma association, but further studies are warranted...
  97. ncbi request reprint Association of energy intake and energy balance with postmenopausal breast cancer in the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer screening trial
    Shih Chen Chang
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza South, Suite 320, MSC7232, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7232, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:334-41. 2006
    ..In addition, these three aspects of energy balance may act jointly in determining breast cancer risk...
  98. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and the risk of colon cancer among women: a prospective cohort study (United States)
    Brook A Calton
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:385-91. 2006
    ..The results of this large prospective cohort study among women do not support the hypothesis that physical activity is related to a lower incidence of colon cancer...
  99. pmc Cigarette smoking and subsequent risk of lung cancer in men and women: analysis of a prospective cohort study
    Neal D Freedman
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, 6120 ExecutiveBoulevard, MSC 7232, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Lancet Oncol 9:649-56. 2008
    ..To address this question, we aimed to compare incidence rates of lung cancer by stratum of smoking use in men and women of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-AARP cohort...