Edgar R Miller

Summary

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The effects of macronutrients on blood pressure and lipids: an overview of the DASH and OmniHeart trials
    Edgar R Miller
    National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 3001 South Hanover Street, 5th Floor, Room NM 530, Baltimore, MD 21225, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 8:460-5. 2006
  2. pmc Estimated net endogenous acid production and serum bicarbonate in African Americans with chronic kidney disease
    Julia J Scialla
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:1526-32. 2011
  3. pmc Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in persons with undiagnosed or prehypertension in the United States
    Deidra C Crews
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Hypertension 55:1102-9. 2010
  4. pmc Intensive blood-pressure control in hypertensive chronic kidney disease
    Lawrence J Appel
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    N Engl J Med 363:918-29. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Differences in vitamin D status as a possible contributor to the racial disparity in peripheral arterial disease
    Jared P Reis
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research and the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1469-77. 2008
  6. pmc Plasma lactate and diabetes risk in 8045 participants of the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD
    Ann Epidemiol 23:791-796.e4. 2013
  7. pmc Creating a transdisciplinary research center to reduce cardiovascular health disparities in Baltimore, Maryland: lessons learned
    Lisa A Cooper
    Lisa A Cooper, L Ebony Boulware, Edgar R Miller III, Sherita Hill Golden, Gary Noronha, Hsin Chieh Yeh, David M Levine, Felicia Hill Briggs, Jeanne Charleston, Nae Yuh Wang, Hanan Aboumatar, Jennifer P Halbert, and Frederick L Brancati are with the Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Kathryn A Carson and Patti L Ephraim are with the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore Mary Margaret Huizinga is with Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, TN Debra L Roter and Lee R Bone are with the Department of Health Behavior and Society at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Miyong Kim is with the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore
    Am J Public Health 103:e26-38. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Do African American women require fewer calories to maintain weight?: Results from a controlled feeding trial
    LaPrincess C Brewer
    Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Nutr Clin Pract 27:561-7. 2012
  9. pmc Serum vitamin D, parathyroid hormone levels, and carotid atherosclerosis
    Jared P Reis
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Atherosclerosis 207:585-90. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids: results of the OmniHeart randomized trial
    Lawrence J Appel
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    JAMA 294:2455-64. 2005

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi request reprint The effects of macronutrients on blood pressure and lipids: an overview of the DASH and OmniHeart trials
    Edgar R Miller
    National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 3001 South Hanover Street, 5th Floor, Room NM 530, Baltimore, MD 21225, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 8:460-5. 2006
    ..Furthermore, these results also document substantial flexibility that should enhance the ability of individuals to consume a heart-healthy diet...
  2. pmc Estimated net endogenous acid production and serum bicarbonate in African Americans with chronic kidney disease
    Julia J Scialla
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:1526-32. 2011
    ..We tested the association between estimated NEAP and serum bicarbonate in patients with CKD...
  3. pmc Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in persons with undiagnosed or prehypertension in the United States
    Deidra C Crews
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Hypertension 55:1102-9. 2010
    ..37 [95% CI: 2.00 to 2.81]). Chronic kidney disease is prevalent in undiagnosed and prehypertension. Earlier identification and treatment of both these conditions may prevent or delay morbidity and mortality from chronic kidney disease...
  4. pmc Intensive blood-pressure control in hypertensive chronic kidney disease
    Lawrence J Appel
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    N Engl J Med 363:918-29. 2010
    ..Yet few trials have tested whether intensive blood-pressure control retards the progression of chronic kidney disease among black patients...
  5. ncbi request reprint Differences in vitamin D status as a possible contributor to the racial disparity in peripheral arterial disease
    Jared P Reis
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research and the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1469-77. 2008
    ..Racial differences in cardiovascular risk factors do not fully explain the higher prevalence of lower-extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in black adults...
  6. pmc Plasma lactate and diabetes risk in 8045 participants of the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD
    Ann Epidemiol 23:791-796.e4. 2013
    ..Determinants of oxidative capacity, such as fitness and level of adiposity, are strongly associated with type 2 diabetes. Whether decreased oxidative capacity itself is a cause or consequence of insulin resistance and diabetes is unknown...
  7. pmc Creating a transdisciplinary research center to reduce cardiovascular health disparities in Baltimore, Maryland: lessons learned
    Lisa A Cooper
    Lisa A Cooper, L Ebony Boulware, Edgar R Miller III, Sherita Hill Golden, Gary Noronha, Hsin Chieh Yeh, David M Levine, Felicia Hill Briggs, Jeanne Charleston, Nae Yuh Wang, Hanan Aboumatar, Jennifer P Halbert, and Frederick L Brancati are with the Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Kathryn A Carson and Patti L Ephraim are with the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore Mary Margaret Huizinga is with Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, TN Debra L Roter and Lee R Bone are with the Department of Health Behavior and Society at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Miyong Kim is with the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore
    Am J Public Health 103:e26-38. 2013
    ..We also share the early lessons learned in the center's design. ..
  8. doi request reprint Do African American women require fewer calories to maintain weight?: Results from a controlled feeding trial
    LaPrincess C Brewer
    Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Nutr Clin Pract 27:561-7. 2012
    ..If true, AA women should require fewer calories than non-AA women to maintain weight. Our objective was to determine in the setting of a controlled feeding study, if AA women required fewer calories than non-AA women to maintain weight...
  9. pmc Serum vitamin D, parathyroid hormone levels, and carotid atherosclerosis
    Jared P Reis
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Atherosclerosis 207:585-90. 2009
    ..Additional research is needed to determine whether vitamin D may influence the progression of atherosclerosis, including the effects of supplementation on the atherosclerotic process...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids: results of the OmniHeart randomized trial
    Lawrence J Appel
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    JAMA 294:2455-64. 2005
    ..Reduced intake of saturated fat is widely recommended for prevention of cardiovascular disease. The type of macronutrient that should replace saturated fat remains uncertain...
  11. pmc The effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury in adults with diabetes: results of the GO-FISH trial
    Edgar R Miller
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:1462-9. 2013
    ..In the context of prior studies, these results provide a strong rationale for long-term trials of n-3 PUFA on chronic kidney disease progression...
  12. pmc Uric acid level and elevated blood pressure in US adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2006
    Lauren F Loeffler
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 200 North Wolfe St, Room 3055, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Hypertension 59:811-7. 2012
    ..Additional prospective studies and clinical trials are needed to determine whether uric acid is merely a marker in a complex metabolic pathway or causal of hypertension and, thus, a potential screening and therapeutic target...
  13. pmc Serum potassium and the racial disparity in diabetes risk: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Ranee Chatterjee
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:1087-91. 2011
    ..Low serum potassium appears to be independently associated with incident type 2 diabetes, and low dietary potassium is more common in African Americans than in whites...
  14. ncbi request reprint Vitamin-mineral supplementation and the progression of atherosclerosis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Joachim Bleys
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:880-7; quiz 954-5. 2006
    ..Although trials have not shown a benefit of these supplements on clinical cardiovascular events, it is unknown whether they affect the progression of atherosclerosis as measured by imaging techniques...
  15. ncbi request reprint A dietary pattern that lowers oxidative stress increases antibodies to oxidized LDL: results from a randomized controlled feeding study
    Edgar R Miller
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 2024 East Monument Street, Suite 2 624, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    Atherosclerosis 183:175-82. 2005
    ..We tested the hypothesis that consumption of a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables and reduced in saturated fat, total fat, and cholesterol will concomitantly reduce oxidative stress and Ab-oxLDL...
  16. pmc Association of kidney disease with prevalent gout in the United States in 1988-1994 and 2007-2010
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 42:551-61. 2013
    ..To determine the prevalence of gout associated with progressive degrees of kidney disease in the US population...
  17. pmc The effects of carbohydrate, unsaturated fat, and protein intake on measures of insulin sensitivity: results from the OmniHeart trial
    Meghana D Gadgil
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:1132-7. 2013
    ....
  18. pmc Effects of vitamin C supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:1079-88. 2012
    ..However, evidence for blood pressure-lowering effects of vitamin C in clinical trials is inconsistent...
  19. doi request reprint Vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk factors in the United States adolescent population
    Jared P Reis
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 124:e371-9. 2009
    ..We examined whether low serum vitamin D levels (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors in US adolescents aged 12 to 19 years...
  20. pmc Patient awareness of chronic kidney disease: trends and predictors
    Laura C Plantinga
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:2268-75. 2008
    ..The impact of recent guidelines for early detection and prevention of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on patient awareness of disease and factors that might be associated with awareness have not been well described...
  21. pmc Comparative effectiveness of weight-loss interventions in clinical practice
    Lawrence J Appel
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:1959-68. 2011
    ..Obesity and its cardiovascular complications are extremely common medical problems, but evidence on how to accomplish weight loss in clinical practice is sparse...
  22. pmc The effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on urine protein excretion and kidney function: meta-analysis of clinical trials
    Edgar R Miller
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1937-45. 2009
    ..Although epidemiologic and experimental studies suggest that n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LCPUFA) supplementation may prevent or slow the progression of kidney disease, evidence from clinical trials is inconsistent...
  23. pmc Lactate and risk of incident diabetes in a case-cohort of the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study
    Stephen P Juraschek
    The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55113. 2013
    ..Whether decreased oxidative capacity is a cause or consequence of diabetes is unknown. Our purpose is to evaluate whether lactate, a marker of oxidative capacity, is associated with incident diabetes...
  24. pmc Effect of a high-protein diet on kidney function in healthy adults: results from the OmniHeart trial
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 61:547-54. 2013
    ..Consumption of a diet high in protein can cause glomerular hyperfiltration, a potentially maladaptive response, which may accelerate the progression of kidney disease...
  25. pmc Blood pressure control among persons without and with chronic kidney disease: US trends and risk factors 1999-2006
    Laura C Plantinga
    Departments of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Hypertension 54:47-56. 2009
    ..Although some improvement has occurred over time, uncontrolled blood pressure remains highly prevalent, especially in subjects with chronic kidney disease and in nonwhites, older persons, and women. Therapy appears suboptimal...
  26. pmc Changes in serum potassium mediate thiazide-induced diabetes
    Tariq Shafi
    Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224 2780, USA
    Hypertension 52:1022-9. 2008
    ..Potassium supplementation might prevent thiazide-induced diabetes. This hypothesis can and should be tested in a randomized trial...
  27. ncbi request reprint Inflammation modifies the effects of a reduced-fat low-cholesterol diet on lipids: results from the DASH-sodium trial
    Thomas P Erlinger
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Circulation 108:150-4. 2003
    ..Inflammatory mediators regulate key aspects of lipid metabolism. We hypothesized that inflammation could diminish the cholesterol-lowering effect of a reduced-fat/low-cholesterol diet...
  28. pmc Body mass index, obesity, and prevalent gout in the United States in 1988-1994 and 2007-2010
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 65:127-32. 2013
    ..To determine the association and prevalence of gout among overweight, obese, and morbidly obese segments of the US population...
  29. doi request reprint Meta-analysis of folic acid supplementation trials on risk of cardiovascular disease and risk interaction with baseline homocysteine levels
    Edgar R Miller
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Cardiol 106:517-27. 2010
    ..This interaction may have important implications for recommendations of FA supplement use. In the meantime, FA supplementation should not be recommended as a means to prevent or treat CVD or stroke...
  30. pmc Effect of oral vitamin C supplementation on serum uric acid: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 63:1295-306. 2011
    ..To assess the effect of vitamin C supplementation on serum uric acid (SUA) by pooling the findings from published randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
  31. pmc Racial discrimination is associated with a measure of red blood cell oxidative stress: a potential pathway for racial health disparities
    Sarah L Szanton
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Behav Med 19:489-95. 2012
    ..Small clinical studies suggest that psychological stress may increase oxidative stress. However, confirmation of this association in epidemiological studies has been limited by homogenous populations and unmeasured potential confounders...
  32. pmc A multi-level system quality improvement intervention to reduce racial disparities in hypertension care and control: study protocol
    Lisa A Cooper
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2024 East Monument Street, Suite 2 515, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Implement Sci 8:60. 2013
    ..By intervening on multiple levels, this project aims to reduce disparities in blood pressure control and improve guideline concordant hypertension care...
  33. pmc Alternative markers of hyperglycemia and risk of diabetes
    Stephen P Juraschek
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Diabetes Care 35:2265-70. 2012
    ..Fructosamine, glycated albumin, and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) are of interest for monitoring short-term glycemic control in patients with diabetes; however, their associations with diabetes risk are uncharacterized...
  34. pmc A randomized trial to improve patient-centered care and hypertension control in underserved primary care patients
    Lisa A Cooper
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:1297-304. 2011
    ..Moreover, continuing medical education (CME) and patient-activation interventions have infrequently been directed to improve the processes of care for these populations...
  35. pmc Low income and albuminuria among REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) study participants
    Deidra C Crews
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 60:779-86. 2012
    ..We sought to determine the association between low income and albuminuria and whether this association differs for blacks and whites...
  36. ncbi request reprint The effect of ambient temperature and barometric pressure on ambulatory blood pressure variability
    Megan Jehn
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2024 E Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    Am J Hypertens 15:941-5. 2002
    ..The effect of ambient temperature on cardiovascular disease has previously been studied. Less known are the effects of climate on blood pressure (BP) regulation, specifically, the role of temperature on BP variability...
  37. ncbi request reprint New high blood pressure guidelines create new at-risk classification: changes in blood pressure classification by JNC 7
    Edgar R Miller
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Cardiovasc Nurs 19:367-71; quiz 372-3. 2004
    ..Recognition of prehypertension provides important opportunities to prevent hypertension and cardiovascular disease...
  38. ncbi request reprint The rationale and design of the AASK cohort study
    Lawrence J Appel
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, 21205, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S166-72. 2003
    ..Such results might eventually lead to new strategies that delay or prevent ESRD...
  39. ncbi request reprint Dietary recommendations for obese patients with chronic kidney disease
    Cheryl A M Anderson
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 13:394-402. 2006
    ..This review describes dietary factors important in optimizing nutritional status of obese patients with CKD. Additionally, current clinical practice guidelines and strategies for meeting them are discussed...
  40. ncbi request reprint Results of the Diet, Exercise, and Weight Loss Intervention Trial (DEW-IT)
    Edgar R Miller
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    Hypertension 40:612-8. 2002
    ..001), net of control. In conclusion, among hypertensive overweight adults already on antihypertensive medication, a comprehensive lifestyle intervention can substantially lower blood pressure and improve blood pressure control...
  41. pmc The effects of macronutrient intake on total and high-molecular weight adiponectin: results from the OMNI-Heart trial
    Edwina H Yeung
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1632-7. 2010
    ..A diet rich in MUFA was associated with higher levels of total and HMW adiponectin in comparison to a carbohydrate- or protein-rich diet. Effects seen in adiponectin paralleled those found with HDL cholesterol...
  42. ncbi request reprint The effects of vitamin C supplementation on serum concentrations of uric acid: results of a randomized controlled trial
    Han Yao Huang
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 52:1843-7. 2005
    ..Previous studies have suggested a uricosuric effect of vitamin C. Whether vitamin C reduces serum uric acid is unknown. We undertook this study to determine the effects of vitamin C supplementation on serum uric acid concentrations...
  43. doi request reprint Glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, and risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the US population
    Brad C Astor
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1226-34. 2008
    ..These data support recent recommendations defining chronic kidney disease and stratifying subsequent risks based on both decreased GFR and albuminuria...
  44. pmc Left ventricular dysfunction as a risk factor for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular hospitalizations in African Americans
    Saul Blecker
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am Heart J 160:488-95. 2010
    ..We assessed whether left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction was associated with increased risk of both cardiovascular and noncardiovascular hospitalizations in a community sample of African Americans...
  45. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality
    Edgar R Miller
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2223, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:37-46. 2005
    ..However, several trials of high-dosage vitamin E supplementation showed non-statistically significant increases in total mortality...
  46. pmc Independent but coordinated trials: insights from the practice-based Opportunities for Weight Reduction Trials Collaborative Research Group
    Hsin Chieh Yeh
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Clin Trials 7:322-32. 2010
    ..Still, efforts were made to coordinate and standardize several aspects of the trials. The three trials formed a collaborative group, the 'Practice-based Opportunities for Weight Reduction (POWER) Trials Collaborative Research Group.'..
  47. pmc Racial differences in urinary potassium excretion
    Sharon Turban
    Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument Street, Suite 416, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 19:1396-402. 2008
    ..39), and 903 mg/d in the DASH group (P < 0.001). Racial differences in urinary K excretion seem to reflect more than intake differences; further studies are needed to understand their potential impact on clinical outcomes...
  48. ncbi request reprint Relation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone levels with metabolic syndrome among US adults
    Jared P Reis
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Eur J Endocrinol 159:41-8. 2008
    ..This study examined the combined association of 25(OH)D and PTH with Adult Treatment Panel III-defined MetSyn among a nationally representative sample of US adults...
  49. ncbi request reprint Antibodies to oxidized low-density lipoprotein in patients following coronary artery revascularization
    Edgar R Miller
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2233, USA
    Coron Artery Dis 14:163-9. 2003
    ..While this hypothesis is appealing, evidence that AB-oxLDL is a risk factor independent of LDL-c levels remains to be established...
  50. ncbi request reprint Nurse case management of hypercholesterolemia in patients with coronary heart disease: results of a randomized clinical trial
    Jerilyn K Allen
    School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2110, USA
    Am Heart J 144:678-86. 2002
    ..This study tested the effectiveness of a nurse case management program to lower blood lipids in patients with CHD...
  51. pmc Effect of protein, unsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intakes on plasma apolipoprotein B and VLDL and LDL containing apolipoprotein C-III: results from the OmniHeart Trial
    Jeremy D Furtado
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1623-30. 2008
    ..Dietary intake affects lipoprotein concentration and composition related to those apolipoproteins...
  52. ncbi request reprint The effect of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
    Sun Ha Jee
    Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Yonsei University Graduate School of Health Science and Management, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Hypertens 15:691-6. 2002
    ..An increased intake of magnesium might lower blood pressure (BP), yet evidence from clinical trials is inconsistent, perhaps as a result of small sample size or heterogeneity in study design...
  53. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure control, drug therapy, and kidney disease
    Gabriel Contreras
    University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
    Hypertension 46:44-50. 2005
    ..These secondary analyses suggest a benefit of the low BP goal among patients assigned to amlodipine, but they must be interpreted cautiously...
  54. doi request reprint Metabolic syndrome, proteinuria, and the risk of progressive CKD in hypertensive African Americans
    Janice Lea
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 51:732-40. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine whether metabolic syndrome is associated with kidney disease progression in hypertensive African Americans...
  55. ncbi request reprint The DASH diet enhances the blood pressure response to losartan in hypertensive patients
    Paul R Conlin
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension PRC, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Hypertens 16:337-42. 2003
    ..We conducted a clinical trial to assess the BP response to the DASH diet with an antihypertensive medication, losartan, in participants with essential hypertension...
  56. ncbi request reprint Direct, progressive association of cardiovascular risk factors with incident proteinuria: results from the Korea Medical Insurance Corporation (KMIC) study
    Sun Ha Jee
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Graduate School of Public Health, The Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
    Arch Intern Med 165:2299-304. 2005
    ..Proteinuria is a major risk factor for the progression of kidney disease and the development of cardiovascular disease. Little is known, however, about risk factors for incident proteinuria...
  57. ncbi request reprint Effect of dietary sodium intake on blood lipids: results from the DASH-sodium trial
    David W Harsha
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Hypertension 43:393-8. 2004
    ..There were no significant interactions between the effects of sodium and the DASH diet on serum lipids. In conclusion, changes in dietary sodium intake over the range of 50 to 150 mmol/d did not affect blood lipid concentrations...
  58. ncbi request reprint The DASH diet for high blood pressure: from clinical trial to dinner table
    Njeri Karanja
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 71:745-53. 2004
    ..These studies have greatly expanded our knowledge of nonpharmacologic interventions to prevent and manage hypertension. They also underscore the need for diet and lifestyle counseling in the primary care setting...
  59. ncbi request reprint Roundtable discussion: hypertension, renal disease, and diabetes
    Marvin Moser
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 4:113-9. 2002
    ..Following a symposium on Hypertension in Atlanta, Georgia on April 25, 2001, which was sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a panel was convened to discuss the problems of renal disease and hypertension...
  60. pmc Serum selenium and serum lipids in US adults
    Joachim Bleys
    Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, Madrid, Spain
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:416-23. 2008
    ..However, the effects of selenium intake on the lipid profile in selenium-replete populations, such as the United States, are largely unknown...