J Grafman

Summary

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Dissociable effects of prefrontal and anterior temporal cortical lesions on stereotypical gender attitudes
    Marta Gozzi
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2125-32. 2009
  2. pmc Neuroanatomical variability of religiosity
    Dimitrios Kapogiannis
    Clinical Research Branch, National Institute on Aging NIA, National Institutes of Health NIH, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7180. 2009
  3. pmc Analysis of IFT74 as a candidate gene for chromosome 9p-linked ALS-FTD
    Parastoo Momeni
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics, National Institute of Aging, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    BMC Neurol 6:44. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Anger is a wind that blows out the light of the mind (old proverb)
    J Grafman
    Cognitivre Neuroscience Section, NINDS NIH, Building 10, Room 5C205, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 8:131-2. 2003
  5. pmc Apathy and disinhibition in frontotemporal dementia: Insights into their neural correlates
    G Zamboni
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bldg 10, Room 7D43, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neurology 71:736-42. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Paging equals functionality
    Jordan Grafman
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:152-3. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Conceptualizing functional neuroplasticity
    J Grafman
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    J Commun Disord 33:345-55; quiz 355-6. 2000
  8. pmc Developmental effects of aggressive behavior in male adolescents assessed with structural and functional brain imaging
    Maren Strenziok
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:2-11. 2011
  9. pmc Behavioral norms for condensed moral vignettes
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:378-84. 2010
  10. pmc Executive dysfunction in frontotemporal dementia and corticobasal syndrome
    E D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neurology 72:453-9. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications117 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Dissociable effects of prefrontal and anterior temporal cortical lesions on stereotypical gender attitudes
    Marta Gozzi
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2125-32. 2009
    ..The functional contributions of these regions in social attitudes are discussed...
  2. pmc Neuroanatomical variability of religiosity
    Dimitrios Kapogiannis
    Clinical Research Branch, National Institute on Aging NIA, National Institutes of Health NIH, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7180. 2009
    ..Therefore, key aspects of religiosity are associated with cortical volume differences. This conclusion complements our prior functional neuroimaging findings in elucidating the proximate causes of religion in the brain...
  3. pmc Analysis of IFT74 as a candidate gene for chromosome 9p-linked ALS-FTD
    Parastoo Momeni
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics, National Institute of Aging, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    BMC Neurol 6:44. 2006
    ..A new locus for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis--frontotemporal dementia (ALS-FTD) has recently been ascribed to chromosome 9p...
  4. ncbi request reprint Anger is a wind that blows out the light of the mind (old proverb)
    J Grafman
    Cognitivre Neuroscience Section, NINDS NIH, Building 10, Room 5C205, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 8:131-2. 2003
  5. pmc Apathy and disinhibition in frontotemporal dementia: Insights into their neural correlates
    G Zamboni
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bldg 10, Room 7D43, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neurology 71:736-42. 2008
    ..Two main behavioral abnormalities have been described: apathy and disinhibition, but their neuroanatomical correlates remain underspecified...
  6. ncbi request reprint Paging equals functionality
    Jordan Grafman
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:152-3. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Conceptualizing functional neuroplasticity
    J Grafman
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    J Commun Disord 33:345-55; quiz 355-6. 2000
    ..By focusing on these four forms of functional neuroplasticity, several fundamental questions about how functional cooperation between brain regions is achieved can be addressed...
  8. pmc Developmental effects of aggressive behavior in male adolescents assessed with structural and functional brain imaging
    Maren Strenziok
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:2-11. 2011
    ....
  9. pmc Behavioral norms for condensed moral vignettes
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:378-84. 2010
    ..The resulting vignettes can be used in future parametric studies on moral judgment in behavioral, neuropsychological and functional imaging experiments...
  10. pmc Executive dysfunction in frontotemporal dementia and corticobasal syndrome
    E D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neurology 72:453-9. 2009
    ..To determine the pattern of executive dysfunction in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and corticobasal syndrome (CBS) and to determine the brain areas associated with executive dysfunction in these illnesses...
  11. pmc Anosognosia for behavioral disturbances in frontotemporal dementia and corticobasal syndrome: A voxel-based morphometry study
    G Zamboni
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 29:88-96. 2010
    ..Patients with syndromes of the frontotemporal dementia spectrum are frequently unaware of their behavioral changes...
  12. pmc Fatty-acid amide hydrolase polymorphisms and post-traumatic stress disorder after penetrating brain injury
    M Pardini
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e75. 2012
    ..In conclusion, our data suggest that FAAH has an important role in PTSD through modulation of aversive memories and point to both a novel therapeutic target and a possible risk marker for this condition...
  13. ncbi request reprint Conjoint and extended neural networks for the computation of speech codes: the neural basis of selective impairment in reading words and pseudowords
    B Xu
    Epilepsy Research Branch and Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS, The National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cereb Cortex 11:267-77. 2001
    ..The implications of the results on theories and models of visual word reading and on selective reading dysfunctions after brain lesions are discussed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of auditory-visual stimulus onset asynchrony detection
    K O Bushara
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Human Motor Control Section, and Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1428, USA
    J Neurosci 21:300-4. 2001
    ....
  15. pmc Prefrontal cortex lesions and MAO-A modulate aggression in penetrating traumatic brain injury
    M Pardini
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neurology 76:1038-45. 2011
    ..This study investigates the interaction between brain lesion location and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) in the genesis of aggression in patients with penetrating traumatic brain injury (PTBI)...
  16. ncbi request reprint The role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in implicit procedural learning
    A Pascual-Leone
    Medical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Exp Brain Res 107:479-85. 1996
    ..Stimulation over the other areas did not interfere with learning. These results support the notion of a critical role of contralateral dorsolateral prefrontal structures in learning of motor sequences...
  17. ncbi request reprint PET evaluation of bilingual language compensation following early childhood brain damage
    M C Tierney
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Medical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 5C 205, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuropsychologia 39:114-21. 2001
    ..The results suggest the possibility that plasticity, unmasking of neural pathways, and or other adaptations of language function in the right hemisphere may have occurred, and are discussed with regard to the crowding hypothesis...
  18. ncbi request reprint Impairment of social perception associated with lesions of the prefrontal cortex
    Linda Mah
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NIH, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1247-55. 2004
    ..This study evaluated social perception in patients with prefrontal cortex lesions and compared their performance on a social perception task with that of healthy volunteers...
  19. ncbi request reprint The effects of frontal lobe lesions on goal achievement in the water jug task
    M K Colvin
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke/NIH, Room 5C205, Building 10, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 13:1129-47. 2001
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Sustained attention deficits in patients with right frontal lesions
    L Rueckert
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Neuropsychologia 34:953-63. 1996
    ..In addition, right frontal patients got worse with time on the CPT. These results suggest a special role for the right frontal lobe in sustaining attention over time...
  21. ncbi request reprint Distributed neural systems for temporal production: a functional MRI study
    Gianpaolo Basso
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, MNB NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Brain Res Bull 59:405-11. 2003
    ..Comparison with time reference information depends on the bilateral prefrontal cortex...
  22. pmc Olfactory function in corticobasal syndrome and frontotemporal dementia
    Matteo Pardini
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Arch Neurol 66:92-6. 2009
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of automatic beliefs about gender and race
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:915-30. 2007
    ..Results suggest there are dissociable roles for anteromedial and dorsolateral PFC circuits in the activation and inhibition of stereotypic attitudes...
  24. pmc Integral calculus problem solving: an fMRI investigation
    Frank Krueger
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Neuroreport 19:1095-9. 2008
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Gustatory cortical lesions affect motivation for snack foods
    K M Knutson
    a Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
    Cogn Neurosci 3:131-8. 2012
    ..Our findings provide further evidence of the primary GC's role in motivation for food and drink...
  26. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation can measure and modulate learning and memory
    J Grafman
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Neuropsychologia 37:159-67. 1999
    ..All these findings suggest that the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the study of learning and memory will increase in the future and that it is already a valuable tool in the cognitive neuroscientists' belt...
  27. pmc Correlates of posttraumatic epilepsy 35 years following combat brain injury
    V Raymont
    Henry M Jackson Foundation, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neurology 75:224-9. 2010
    ..The high prevalence (45%-53%) of posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) in this unique cohort makes it valuable for study...
  28. ncbi request reprint Impairment of eyeblink classical conditioning in progressive supranuclear palsy
    M Sommer
    Human Motor Control Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Mov Disord 16:240-51. 2001
    ..We hypothesize that the PSP patients' deficits in EBCC learning may be due to lesions of deep cerebellar nuclei. There may be a clinical role for EBCC in distinguishing PD and PSP patients...
  29. ncbi request reprint Toward neuroanatomical models of analogy: a positron emission tomography study of analogical mapping
    C M Wharton
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1440, USA
    Cogn Psychol 40:173-97. 2000
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Enhancing analogic reasoning with rTMS over the left prefrontal cortex
    B Boroojerdi
    Human Cortical Physiology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neurology 56:526-8. 2001
    ..These results indicate that the left PFC is relevant for analogic reasoning and that rTMS applied to the PFC can speed up solution time...
  31. pmc Neural correlates of caregiver burden in cortical basal syndrome and frontotemporal dementia
    K M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 26:467-74. 2008
    ..To determine areas of atrophy in patients that are associated with caregiver burden...
  32. ncbi request reprint Signs of cognitive change in HIV disease: an event-related brain potential study
    C Ollo
    Laboratory of Clinical Science, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892
    Neurology 41:209-15. 1991
    ..The P300 results demonstrate alterations in stimulus evaluation and processing speed in the earliest stages of HIV disease, even before cognitive deficits can be detected by more traditional measures...
  33. ncbi request reprint Brain lesion and memory functioning: short-term memory deficit is independent of lesion location
    Carmi Schooler
    Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 8408, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:521-7. 2008
    ..The theoretical and clinical implications of the striking, seemingly permanent STM deficits in individuals with penetrating head injuries are discussed...
  34. pmc User-friendly software for the analysis of brain lesions (ABLe)
    Jeffrey Solomon
    Medical Numerics, Inc, Germantown, MD, USA
    Comput Methods Programs Biomed 86:245-54. 2007
    ..A subset of data from an ongoing traumatic head injury study correlating deficit with brain anatomy is used to demonstrate the power of this software package...
  35. pmc Challenges and new opportunities in the investigation of new drug therapies to treat frontotemporal dementia
    Edward D Huey
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Building 10, Room 7D43, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Expert Opin Ther Targets 12:1367-76. 2008
    ..They are often fatal, and currently no medications have been shown to slow their progression. Recent developments in understanding these disorders may aid in developing treatments...
  36. pmc Characteristics of frontotemporal dementia patients with a Progranulin mutation
    Edward D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Ann Neurol 60:374-80. 2006
    ..The range of mutations of PGRN that can result in the FTD phenotype and the clinical presentation of patients with PGRN mutations have yet to be determined...
  37. ncbi request reprint Recharging cognition with DC brain polarization
    Eric M Wassermann
    Brain Stimulation Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:503-5. 2005
    ..Compact and safe, this old technique seems poised to allow major advances cognitive science and therapy...
  38. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of neurotransmitter deficits and treatments in frontotemporal dementia
    Edward D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurology 66:17-22. 2006
    ..To evaluate neurotransmitter deficiencies and neurotransmitter-based treatments for frontotemporal dementia (FTD)...
  39. ncbi request reprint Observing social gestures: an fMRI study
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 7D43, MSC 1440, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Exp Brain Res 188:187-98. 2008
    ..We conclude that observing social gestures activates social- and emotion-processing areas of the brain, and the activation varies depending on the observer's psychological characteristics...
  40. doi request reprint The self as a moral agent: linking the neural bases of social agency and moral sensitivity
    Jorge Moll
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Soc Neurosci 2:336-52. 2007
    ..Additional activation in specific components of this network is elicited by different classes of moral emotions, in agreement with recent integrative models of moral cognition and emotion...
  41. pmc Damage to the fronto-polar cortex is associated with impaired multitasking
    Jean Claude Dreher
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e3227. 2008
    ..The specific function of this brain region remains poorly understood, but recent neuroimaging studies have proposed that it may hold goals in mind while exploring and processing secondary goals...
  42. pmc Association of ideomotor apraxia with frontal gray matter volume loss in corticobasal syndrome
    Edward D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Arch Neurol 66:1274-80. 2009
    ..To determine the brain areas associated with specific components of ideomotor apraxia (IMA) in corticobasal syndrome (CBS)...
  43. pmc Bilateral frontal transcranial direct current stimulation: Failure to replicate classic findings in healthy subjects
    Michael Koenigs
    Brain Stimulation Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 120:80-4. 2009
    ..We performed a comprehensive, quantitative assessment of the effects of bifrontal TDCS on emotion in 21 healthy subjects...
  44. ncbi request reprint The medial prefrontal cortex mediates social event knowledge
    Frank Krueger
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:103-9. 2009
    ..We propose a segregation of elator functions along the dorso-ventral mPFC axis and review neuroscience evidence to support the specificity of elators as the underlying structures for the development of event, person and self schemata...
  45. doi request reprint Individualism, conservatism, and radicalism as criteria for processing political beliefs: a parametric fMRI study
    Giovanna Zamboni
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:367-83. 2009
    ..Our results extend current knowledge on the neural correlates of the structure of political beliefs, a fundamental aspect of the human ability to coalesce into social entities...
  46. doi request reprint The role of the human prefrontal cortex in social cognition and moral judgment
    Chad E Forbes
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 33:299-324. 2010
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Eye movements in chorea-acanthocytosis
    Libe Gradstein
    Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1979-87. 2005
    ..In contrast to Huntington's disease (for which ChAc has occasionally been mistaken), ocular involvement in ChAc has not been systematically studied...
  48. ncbi request reprint Asymmetrical involvement of frontal lobes in social reasoning
    Vinod Goel
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Brain 127:783-90. 2004
    ..Furthermore, left hemisphere patients were more affected than right hemisphere patients, suggesting that frontal lobe involvement in reasoning is asymmetric (L>R) and necessary for reasoning about social situations...
  49. ncbi request reprint Representation of attitudinal knowledge: role of prefrontal cortex, amygdala and parahippocampal gyrus
    Jacqueline N Wood
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, 10 Centre Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:249-59. 2005
    ..Inhibition of positive attitudes activates a brain system involving right inferior frontal gyrus and bilateral anterior cingulate. Thus, we show that there are dissociable networks for the representation and inhibition of attitudes...
  50. ncbi request reprint The roles of the cerebellum and basal ganglia in timing and error prediction
    Jean Claude Dreher
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke, Building 10, Room 5C205, MSC 1440 Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 16:1609-19. 2002
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Investigating cognitive neuroplasticity in single cases: lessons learned from applying functional neuroimaging techniques to the traditional neuropsychological case study framework
    S G Romero
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Neurocase 8:355-68. 2002
    ..We dub this approach the online approach. This approach should allow future investigators to circumvent many of the interpretation pitfalls that are common in comparison studies...
  52. pmc Focal brain damage protects against post-traumatic stress disorder in combat veterans
    Michael Koenigs
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, US National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1440, Bethesda, Maryland, 20892 1440, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:232-7. 2008
    ..These results suggest that the vmPFC and amygdala are critically involved in the pathogenesis of PTSD...
  53. ncbi request reprint Dissociating the roles of the rostral anterior cingulate and the lateral prefrontal cortices in performing two tasks simultaneously or successively
    Jean Claude Dreher
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cereb Cortex 13:329-39. 2003
    ....
  54. pmc Social conceptual impairments in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with right anterior temporal hypometabolism
    Roland Zahn
    National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Brain 132:604-16. 2009
    ..Further, we provide first evidence for the potential importance of conceptual social knowledge impairments as contributing to behavioural symptoms of FTLD...
  55. pmc An evolutionarily adaptive neural architecture for social reasoning
    Aron K Barbey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Trends Neurosci 32:603-10. 2009
    ....
  56. doi request reprint A pilot study of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in PLS and ALS
    Edward D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Amyotroph Lateral Scler 11:293-7. 2010
    ..By a non-significant trend, the PLS patients had a lower current prevalence of depressive disorders than the ALS patients. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that the psychosocial stress of MND is a risk factor for depression...
  57. ncbi request reprint Story processing in patients with damage to the prefrontal cortex
    Tiziana Zalla
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Cortex 38:215-31. 2002
    ..This study shows that damage to different cortical regions may induce impairments at various levels of story processing...
  58. ncbi request reprint Ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions in humans eliminate implicit gender stereotyping
    E Milne
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1440, USA
    J Neurosci 21:RC150. 2001
    ..This finding provides support for the hypothesis that patients with ventromedial prefrontal lesions have a deficit in automatically accessing certain aspects of overlearned associated social knowledge...
  59. ncbi request reprint Category-specific representations of social and nonsocial knowledge in the human prefrontal cortex
    J N Wood
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:236-48. 2003
    ..In addition, the conditions were associated with different patterns of PFC activation. These results suggest that there are different psychological and neural substrates for social and nonsocial semantic and SEC representations...
  60. ncbi request reprint Safety and cognitive effect of frontal DC brain polarization in healthy individuals
    M B Iyer
    Brain Stimulation Unit and Cognitive Neuroscience, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neurology 64:872-5. 2005
    ..Activating effects on the frontal lobe might be beneficial for patients with frontal lobe disorders. This phase 1 study tested the safety of frontal DC, including its effects on frontal and other brain functions...
  61. ncbi request reprint Driving abilities in frontotemporal dementia patients
    V de Simone
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 23:1-7. 2007
    ..To evaluate driving competency and the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptoms and driving behavior in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients...
  62. ncbi request reprint Yes/no reversals as neurobehavioral sequela: a disorder of language, praxis, or inhibitory control?
    C Frattali
    Department, W G Magnuson Clinical Center, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1604, USA
    Eur J Neurol 10:103-6. 2003
    ..High within-group correlations of lexical fluency and prehension with praxis scores suggest a relationship of yes/no reversals with multiple factors...
  63. ncbi request reprint A restricted 'spotlight' of attention in visual object recognition
    M E Stark
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neuropsychologia 35:1233-49. 1997
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint FLAIR and magnetization transfer imaging of patients with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome
    K Morgen
    Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-1400, USA
    Neurology 57:1980-5. 2001
    ..Magnetization transfer ratio analysis did not provide evidence for structural abnormalities of the brain parenchyma in patients with nonfocal disease...
  65. pmc Lower lateral orbitofrontal cortex density associated with more frequent exposure to television and movie violence in male adolescents
    Maren Strenziok
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    J Adolesc Health 46:607-9. 2010
    ..Adolescents with more frequent exposure have lower left lateral orbitofrontal cortex density--a possible risk factor for altered socioemotional functioning...
  66. ncbi request reprint Evidence of an inferior total-order planning strategy in patients with frontotemporal dementia
    Frank Krueger
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neurocase 13:426-37. 2007
    ....
  67. pmc Inhibitory attentional control in patients with frontal lobe damage
    Mariana Dimitrov
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bldg 10, Room 5C205, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Brain Cogn 52:258-70. 2003
    ..The data suggest that the specific inhibitory processes evaluated by these two tests are, in general, spared in patients with focal frontal lobe lesions or frontal lobe degeneration...
  68. pmc The neural basis of human social values: evidence from functional MRI
    Roland Zahn
    National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:276-83. 2009
    ..This neural architecture may provide the basis of our ability to communicate about the meaning of social values across cultural contexts without limiting our flexibility to adapt their emotional interpretation...
  69. pmc Ventromedial prefrontal cortex modulates fatigue after penetrating traumatic brain injury
    Matteo Pardini
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neurology 74:749-54. 2010
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint Demographic, structural and genetic predictors of late cognitive decline after penetrating head injury
    Vanessa Raymont
    Vietnam Head Injury Study, Henry M Jackson Foundation, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Brain 131:543-58. 2008
    ..Thus exacerbated decline does occur in Vietnam veterans with PHI and it is apparently unrelated to dementia and is determined by multiple factors (most notably pre-injury intelligence)...
  71. ncbi request reprint Human prefrontal cortex: processing and representational perspectives
    Jacqueline N Wood
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:139-47. 2003
  72. ncbi request reprint Event frequency modulates the processing of daily life activities in human medial prefrontal cortex
    Frank Krueger
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:2346-53. 2007
    ..We conclude that subregions of the medial PFC are differentially engaged in processing event sequence knowledge depending on how often the activity was reportedly performed in daily life...
  73. ncbi request reprint Psychological structure and neural correlates of event knowledge
    Jacqueline N Wood
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:1155-61. 2005
    ..Our study affirms the importance and uniqueness of the human prefrontal cortex in representing event knowledge...
  74. ncbi request reprint Social contracts and precautions activate different neurological systems: an fMRI investigation of deontic reasoning
    Laurence Fiddick
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Neuroimage 28:778-86. 2005
    ..Collectively, reasoning about prescriptive rules activated the dorsomedial PFC (BA 6/8). The results reinforce the view that human reasoning is not a unified phenomenon, but is content-sensitive...
  75. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of script event knowledge: a neuropsychological study following prefrontal injury
    Jacqueline N Wood
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cortex 41:796-804. 2005
    ..This impairment is exacerbated by an inefficient inhibitory gating mechanism...
  76. ncbi request reprint Deficits in social knowledge following damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex
    Linda W Y Mah
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS NIH, Bldg 10, Rm 5C205, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 17:66-74. 2005
    ..These results suggest that deficits in social knowledge, namely difficulty interpreting nonverbal emotional expression, contribute to the aberrant social behavior observed following ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions...
  77. ncbi request reprint Opinion: the neural basis of human moral cognition
    Jorge Moll
    The Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Building 10 Room 5C205 MSC 1440, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:799-809. 2005
    ..Here, we propose a cognitive neuroscience view of how cultural and context-dependent knowledge, semantic social knowledge and motivational states can be integrated to explain complex aspects of human moral cognition...
  78. ncbi request reprint Brain activation in processing temporal sequence: an fMRI study
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuroimage 23:1299-307. 2004
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Effect of prefrontal cortex damage on resolving lexical ambiguity in text
    Carol Frattali
    Rehabilitation Medicine Department, W G Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Brain Lang 102:99-113. 2007
    ..Results suggest a loss of the control aspects of inhibitory processes in lexical ambiguity resolution following PFCD. An aging effect on suppression function is also suggested...
  80. ncbi request reprint An examination of daily activities and their scripts across the adult lifespan
    V M Rosen
    Geriatric Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput 35:32-48. 2003
    ..Finally, we found no evidence of age or gender bias in the frequency or recency of engaging in each of the scripted activities...
  81. ncbi request reprint Using an interleukin-6 challenge to evaluate neuropsychological performance in chronic fatigue syndrome
    M C Arnold
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Psychol Med 32:1075-89. 2002
    ..To induce influenza-like symptoms, we administered interleukin-6 (IL-6), a cytokine that temporarily activates the acute phase immunological and endocrine responses...
  82. doi request reprint A psychological and neuroanatomical model of obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Edward D Huey
    The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NIH NINDS, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 20:390-408. 2008
    ..The authors believe that this model explains the specific symptoms, and integrates the psychology and neuroanatomy of OCD better than previous models...
  83. pmc Human fronto-mesolimbic networks guide decisions about charitable donation
    Jorge Moll
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:15623-8. 2006
    ..Remarkably, more anterior sectors of the prefrontal cortex are distinctively recruited when altruistic choices prevail over selfish material interests...
  84. ncbi request reprint Cognitive neural plasticity during learning and recovery from brain damage
    Vanessa Raymont
    Vietnam Head Injury Study, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Prog Brain Res 157:199-206. 2006
    ..The factors affecting plasticity and its long-term consequences may have increasing importance in exposing the pattern of changes that occur in the normal brain with aging...
  85. ncbi request reprint Markedly increased vitamin B12 concentrations attributable to IgG-IgM-vitamin B12 immune complexes
    Raffick A R Bowen
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1508, USA
    Clin Chem 52:2107-14. 2006
    ..We recently discovered an extraordinarily increased vitamin B12 concentration in a patient without these underlying conditions...
  86. ncbi request reprint Genetic variability in CHMP2B and frontotemporal dementia
    Parastoo Momeni
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurodegener Dis 3:129-33. 2006
    ..The putative pathogenicity of CHMP2B mutations for dementia is discussed...
  87. pmc The frontopolar cortex mediates event knowledge complexity: a parametric functional MRI study
    Frank Krueger
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda 20892 1440, USA
    Neuroreport 20:1093-7. 2009
    ..Our results specify the importance of the medial frontopolar cortex in subserving event knowledge that is required to build and execute complex behavior...
  88. pmc Cognitive and neural foundations of religious belief
    Dimitrios Kapogiannis
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institutes of Health, MSC 1440, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:4876-81. 2009
    ....
  89. pmc Cortico-cortical networks in patients with ideomotor apraxia as revealed by EEG coherence analysis
    Lewis A Wheaton
    Human Motor Control Section, NINDS, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1428, United States
    Neurosci Lett 433:87-92. 2008
    ..Left hemisphere stroke patients showed significant coherence increases in a right parietofrontal network. The right hemisphere appears to store useable praxis representations in IMA patients with left hemisphere damage...
  90. pmc Social concepts are represented in the superior anterior temporal cortex
    Roland Zahn
    National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:6430-5. 2007
    ....
  91. ncbi request reprint "[H]E is no more a person now but a whole climate of opinion" (Auden, 1940)
    Edward D Huey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Cortex 43:1097-8; discussion 1116-21. 2007
  92. ncbi request reprint Quantification of brain lesions using interactive automated software
    Milan Makale
    H M Jackson Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput 34:6-18. 2002
    ..The program is the first easy-to-use software that contains these specific features and is available for interested researchers with a background in lesion analysis...
  93. pmc Fronto-parietal regulation of media violence exposure in adolescents: a multi-method study
    Maren Strenziok
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:537-47. 2011
    ....
  94. doi request reprint Measuring goodness of story narratives
    Karen Le
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 54:118-26. 2011
    ..It was hypothesized that by combining organizational (story grammar) and completeness measures, story "goodness" could be quantified...
  95. ncbi request reprint Imaging cortical anatomy by high-resolution MR at 3.0T: detection of the stripe of Gennari in visual area 17
    Emmanuel L Barbier
    Laboratory of Functional and Molecular Imaging, National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Magn Reson Med 48:735-8. 2002
    ..It is concluded that the striate cortex (area 17 of Brodmann) of the human brain can be delineated in vivo on T(1)-weighted images, potentially enabling detection of specific cortical boundaries within individual brains...
  96. pmc Structured event complexes in the medial prefrontal cortex support counterfactual representations for future planning
    Aron K Barbey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1291-300. 2009
    ..We develop a process model of the regulatory functions these representations serve and draw conclusions about the importance of SECs for explaining the past and predicting the future...
  97. ncbi request reprint Medial prefrontal and subcortical mechanisms underlying the acquisition of motor and cognitive action sequences in humans
    Etienne Koechlin
    Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, INSERM U483, 9 Quai St Bernard, Paris, France
    Neuron 35:371-81. 2002
    ....
  98. ncbi request reprint Head of the caudate nucleus is most vulnerable in chorea-acanthocytosis: a voxel-based morphometry study
    Karsten Henkel
    Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    Mov Disord 21:1728-31. 2006
    ....
  99. ncbi request reprint Functional networks in emotional moral and nonmoral social judgments
    Jorge Moll
    Neuroimaging and Behavioral Neurology Group GNNC, Hospitals D Or and LABS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Neuroimage 16:696-703. 2002
    ..These findings provide new evidence that the orbitofrontal cortex has dedicated subregions specialized in processing specific forms of social behavior...
  100. pmc No effect of DC brain polarization on verbal fluency in patients with advanced frontotemporal dementia
    Edward D Huey
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:1417-8. 2007
  101. ncbi request reprint The hippocampal system mediates logical reasoning about familiar spatial environments
    Vinod Goel
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:654-64. 2004
    ..These results provide support for the generalization of dual mechanism theory to transitive reasoning and highlight the importance of the hippocampal system in reasoning about familiar spatial environments...