Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
- Effect of nicotine on brain activation during performance of a working memory taskM Ernst
Brain Imaging Center and Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:4728-33. 2001..Furthermore, the lack of enhancement of activation after nicotine administration in smokers likely reflects tolerance...
- High midbrain [18F]DOPA accumulation in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorderM Ernst
Laboratory of Cerebral Metabolism, NIMH, Bethesda, MD, USA
Am J Psychiatry 156:1209-15. 1999..Converging evidence, however, suggests a primary role of the dopaminergic system...
- Pictorial Instrument for Children and Adolescents (PICA-III-R)M Ernst
Brain Imaging Center, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 39:94-9. 2000..The Pictorial Instrument for Children and Adolescents (PICA-III-R) is presented as part of a comprehensive review of the tools used to diagnose psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents...
- Functional neuroimaging in child psychiatryM Ernst
Brain Imaging Center, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 5500 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Curr Psychiatry Rep 2:124-30. 2000..Finally, it is the integration of scientific knowledge across the various fields of neuroscience and clinical research that will push the limits of our understanding of health and disease...
- Effects of triazolam on brain activity during episodic memory encoding: a PET studyM Z Mintzer
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5510 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 25:744-56. 2001..Results are discussed in relation to triazolam's effects on mnemonic versus attentional processes...
- Smoking history and nicotine effects on cognitive performanceM Ernst
Brain Imaging Center, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 25:313-9. 2001....
- Orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in abstinent cocaine abusers performing a decision-making taskK I Bolla
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Neuroimage 19:1085-94. 2003..Compromised decision-making could contribute to the development of addiction and undermine attempts at abstinence...
- Cerebral maturation in adolescence: behavioral vulnerabilityM Ernst
Emotional Development and Affective Neuroscience National Institute of Mental Health NIH DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Encephale 35:S182-9. 2009..The role of genetic or environmental factors will not be addressed here, despite their critical roles in determining and modulating the balance among the nodes of the triadic model...
- Brain imaging studies of cocaine abuse: implications for medication developmentE D London
The Brain Imaging Center, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Crit Rev Neurobiol 13:227-42. 1999..The future directions of in vivo brain imaging to identify functional and structural alterations in the brains of cocaine abusers are discussed in relation to the development of medications to treat cocaine dependence...
- Early androgen exposure modulates spatial cognition in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)S C Mueller
MAP, NIMH, NIH, 15K North Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:973-80. 2008..Such finding suggests a pivotal role of hormonal function on brain development in humans, mirroring results from the animal literature...
- Functional neuroimaging of autistic disordersJ M Rumsey
Clinical Neuroscience Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 6:171-9. 2000..Investigations of the serotonergic and dopaminergic systems, limbic-based memory and emotional systems, and the role of epileptiform activity in autism represent priorities for future research...
- Behavioral and neural consequences of prenatal exposure to nicotineM Ernst
Brain Imaging Center in the Neuroimaging Branch of the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD 20892 0135, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:630-41. 2001..The relatively high rate of tobacco smoking among pregnant women (25% of all pregnancies in the U.S.) underlines the seriousness of these concerns...
- Follow-up of radial arterial catheterization for positron emission tomography studiesP H Jons
Laboratory of Cerebral Metabolism, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1384, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 5:119-23. 1997..Of these eight cases, three (37.5%) were inpatients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, a condition that may represent a risk factor. All abnormalities were benign, did not affect motor function, and did not require medical intervention...
- Orbitofrontal cortex and human drug abuse: functional imagingE D London
Brain Imaging Center, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Cereb Cortex 10:334-42. 2000....
- Laboratory and diagnostic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry: a review of the past 10 yearsA J Zametkin
National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 37:464-72. 1998..To review in a critical fashion the literature of the past decade covering diagnostic and laboratory testing in the field of child and adolescent psychiatry...
- Appetitive conditioning: neural bases and implications for psychopathologyC Martin-Soelch
Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 31:426-40. 2007..The ultimate goal of this review is to stimulate new avenues of research that have direct links to molecular biology, and thus could prove to be invaluable to progress in the understanding and treatment of psychiatric disabilities...