James R Blair

Summary

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The role of 5-HTTLPR in choosing the lesser of two evils, the better of two goods: examining the impact of 5-HTTLPR genotype and tryptophan depletion in object choice
    K S Blair
    Department of Health and Human Services, Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Room 300A, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 196:29-38. 2008
  2. pmc Psychopathology, trauma and delinquency: subtypes of aggression and their relevance for understanding young offenders
    Hans Steiner
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 5:21. 2011
  3. pmc The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex: functional contributions and dysfunction in psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:2557-65. 2008
  4. pmc Neural response to self- and other referential praise and criticism in generalized social phobia
    Karina Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1176-84. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Reduced amygdala response to fearful expressions in children and adolescents with callous-unemotional traits and disruptive behavior disorders
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:712-20. 2008
  6. pmc Association between level of emotional intelligence and severity of anxiety in generalized social phobia
    Madeline Jacobs
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institutes of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1487-95. 2008
  7. pmc Amygdala and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex function during anticipated peer evaluation in pediatric social anxiety
    Amanda E Guyer
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Dr, Room 208, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1303-12. 2008
  8. pmc Stimulus-reinforcement-based decision making and anxiety: impairment in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) but not in generalized social phobia (GSP)
    J DeVido
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Psychol Med 39:1153-61. 2009
  9. pmc Dominance and submission: the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and responses to status cues
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:713-24. 2009
  10. pmc Modulation of emotion by cognition and cognition by emotion
    K S Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Neuroimage 35:430-40. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint The role of 5-HTTLPR in choosing the lesser of two evils, the better of two goods: examining the impact of 5-HTTLPR genotype and tryptophan depletion in object choice
    K S Blair
    Department of Health and Human Services, Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Room 300A, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 196:29-38. 2008
    ..The serotonin (5-HT) system is considered important for decision-making. However, its role in reward- and punishment-based processing has not yet been clearly determined...
  2. pmc Psychopathology, trauma and delinquency: subtypes of aggression and their relevance for understanding young offenders
    Hans Steiner
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 5:21. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  3. pmc The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex: functional contributions and dysfunction in psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:2557-65. 2008
    ..It is concluded that these critical functions of the amygdala and vmPFC, and their interaction, are compromised in individuals with the disorder. It is argued that these impairments lead to the development of psychopathy...
  4. pmc Neural response to self- and other referential praise and criticism in generalized social phobia
    Karina Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1176-84. 2008
    ..However, studies have not examined the neural response in GSP to another equally important class of social stimuli, the communication of praise or criticism...
  5. doi request reprint Reduced amygdala response to fearful expressions in children and adolescents with callous-unemotional traits and disruptive behavior disorders
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:712-20. 2008
    ..Moreover, despite high comorbidity of callous-unemotional traits and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), no research has attempted to distinguish neural correlates of pediatric callous-unemotional traits and ADHD...
  6. pmc Association between level of emotional intelligence and severity of anxiety in generalized social phobia
    Madeline Jacobs
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institutes of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1487-95. 2008
    ..These results suggest that EI may index emotional processing systems that mitigate the impact of systems causally implicated in GSP...
  7. pmc Amygdala and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex function during anticipated peer evaluation in pediatric social anxiety
    Amanda E Guyer
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Dr, Room 208, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1303-12. 2008
    ..Such fear-circuitry dysfunction may also manifest when anticipated social evaluation leads socially anxious adolescents to misperceive peers as threatening...
  8. pmc Stimulus-reinforcement-based decision making and anxiety: impairment in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) but not in generalized social phobia (GSP)
    J DeVido
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Psychol Med 39:1153-61. 2009
    ..In this study, we examined stimulus-reinforcement-based decision making in GSP and GAD...
  9. pmc Dominance and submission: the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and responses to status cues
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:713-24. 2009
    ..We suggest that the VLPFC retrieves information from these regions when processing hierarchy cues to facilitate socially adaptive behavior...
  10. pmc Modulation of emotion by cognition and cognition by emotion
    K S Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Neuroimage 35:430-40. 2007
    ..NeuroImage, 29 (3), 721-733] and negative connectivity with bilateral amygdala. These data suggest that processes involved in emotional regulation are recruited during task performance in the context of emotional distractors...
  11. pmc Atypical modulation of medial prefrontal cortex to self-referential comments in generalized social phobia
    Karina S Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Psychiatry Res 193:38-45. 2011
    ..We believe that these data reflect a reorganization of self-referential reasoning in the disorder with a self-concept perhaps atypically related to the view of others...
  12. pmc Social norm processing in adult social phobia: atypically increased ventromedial frontal cortex responsiveness to unintentional (embarrassing) transgressions
    Karina S Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 167:1526-32. 2010
    ....
  13. pmc Deficits in facial affect recognition among antisocial populations: a meta-analysis
    Abigail A Marsh
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:454-65. 2008
    ..This impairment cannot be attributed solely to task difficulty. These results suggest dysfunction among antisocial individuals in specified neural substrates, namely the amygdala, involved in processing fearful facial affect...
  14. pmc Face emotion labeling deficits in children with bipolar disorder and severe mood dysregulation
    Brendan A Rich
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Building 15K, Room 204, MSC2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:529-46. 2008
    ..These deficits are associated with psychosocial impairments. Understanding the neural circuitry associated with face-labeling deficits has the potential to clarify the pathophysiology of these disorders...
  15. ncbi request reprint Biased emotional attention in post-traumatic stress disorder: a help as well as a hindrance?
    M Vythilingam
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Psychol Med 37:1445-55. 2007
    ..We investigated these possibilities both with respect to threatening and positive stimuli among traumatized individuals with and without PTSD...
  16. doi request reprint The development of antisocial behavior: what can we learn from functional neuroimaging studies?
    S L Crowe
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:1145-59. 2008
    ..We suggest why such pathology would increase the risk for reactive and instrumental aggression and thus also lead to the association with a CD/ODD diagnosis...
  17. ncbi request reprint The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex in morality and psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:387-92. 2007
    ..In psychopathy, dysfunction in these structures means that care-based moral reasoning is compromised and the risk that antisocial behavior is used instrumentally to achieve goals is increased...
  18. ncbi request reprint Divergent patterns of aggressive and neurocognitive characteristics in acquired versus developmental psychopathy
    D G V Mitchell
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurocase 12:164-78. 2006
    ....
  19. pmc Altered neural function in pediatric bipolar disorder during reversal learning
    Daniel P Dickstein
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Bipolar Disord 12:707-19. 2010
    ..Here, we use event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to elucidate neural correlates of reversal learning deficits in euthymic BD youth compared to typically developing controls...
  20. pmc Psychopathy, attention and emotion
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Psychol Med 39:543-55. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc The impact of processing load on emotion
    D G V Mitchell
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neuroimage 34:1299-309. 2007
    ..Together, the data suggest that the processing of task-irrelevant emotional information, like neutral information, is subject to the effects of processing load and is under top-down control...
  22. pmc Response to emotional expressions in generalized social phobia and generalized anxiety disorder: evidence for separate disorders
    Karina Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, NIH, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:1193-202. 2008
    ..Functional magnetic resonance imaging assessed the neural response to facial expressions in generalized social phobia and generalized anxiety disorder...
  23. ncbi request reprint The development of psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Heath, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:262-76. 2006
    ..These impairments disrupt the impact of standard socialization techniques and increase the risk for frustration-induced reactive aggression respectively...
  24. ncbi request reprint Instrumental learning and relearning in individuals with psychopathy and in patients with lesions involving the amygdala or orbitofrontal cortex
    D G V Mitchell
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Neuropsychology 20:280-9. 2006
    ..The results are interpreted with reference to current neurocognitive models of stimulus-reinforcement learning, relearning, and developmental psychopathy...
  25. doi request reprint Dissociable roles of medial orbitofrontal cortex in human operant extinction learning
    Elizabeth C Finger
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neuroimage 43:748-55. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that in humans, frontopolar OFC modulates activity in caudal mOFC, rACC and amygdala during successful operant extinction learning...
  26. pmc Reduced dorsal anterior cingulate cortical activity during emotional regulation and top-down attentional control in generalized social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and comorbid generalized social phobia/generalized anxiety disorder
    Karina S Blair
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 72:476-82. 2012
    ..Here we compare the neural correlates of EER and TAC in GSP, GAD, and GSP/GAD...
  27. ncbi request reprint Dissociable systems for empathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, Room 206, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Novartis Found Symp 278:134-41; discussion 141-5, 216-21. 2007
    ..The implications of these forms of empathy for understanding specific psychiatric conditions are briefly considered...
  28. ncbi request reprint Fine cuts of empathy and the amygdala: dissociable deficits in psychopathy and autism
    R J R Blair
    Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:157-70. 2008
    ..It is concluded that while both conditions can be considered disorders of social cognition, fine cuts can be made dissociating the impairments associated with each...
  29. ncbi request reprint Applying a cognitive neuroscience perspective to the disorder of psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 17:865-91. 2005
    ..Some directions for future work are considered...
  30. ncbi request reprint Aggression, psychopathy and free will from a cognitive neuroscience perspective
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Behav Sci Law 25:321-31. 2007
    ..However, instrumental aggression, at least from a compatibilist perspective, must involve free will...
  31. ncbi request reprint The emergence of psychopathy: implications for the neuropsychological approach to developmental disorders
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, USA
    Cognition 101:414-42. 2006
    ..However, caveats to the neuropsychological approach with reference to this disorder are noted...
  32. doi request reprint Author response - Reactive aggression and functional, not neural, specificity
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Br J Psychol 101:407-10. 2010
    ..This article is an author response to Harenski and Kiehl's (2010) commentary on Blair (2010)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Differentiating among prefrontal substrates in psychopathy: neuropsychological test findings
    K S Blair
    National Institute of Mental Health and University College, London, UK
    Neuropsychology 20:153-65. 2006
    ..In contrast, the 2 groups did not show impairment on the measures preferentially sensitive to the functioning of the DLPFC or ACC. These results are interpreted with reference to executive dysfunction accounts of the disorder...
  34. pmc Facial expressions, their communicatory functions and neuro-cognitive substrates
    R J R Blair
    Unit on Affective Cognitive Neuroscience, Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:561-72. 2003
    ..In acquired sociopathy, the response to angry expressions in particular is attenuated resulting in reduced regulation of social behaviour...
  35. doi request reprint Psychopathy, frustration, and reactive aggression: the role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Bethesda MD 20892, USA
    Br J Psychol 101:383-99. 2010
    ..It is argued that both are known consequences of impairment in ventromedial prefrontal cortex, one of the regions principally implicated in psychopathy...
  36. ncbi request reprint Response reversal and children with psychopathic tendencies: success is a function of salience of contingency change
    S Budhani
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Heath, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2670, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:972-81. 2005
    ..Previous work has inconsistently reported difficulties with response reversal/extinction in children with psychopathic tendencies...
  37. ncbi request reprint Deficits on a probabilistic response-reversal task in patients with pediatric bipolar disorder
    Tristan Gorrindo
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bldg 10, Rm 4N 208, 10 Center Dr MSC 1255, Bethesda, MD 20892 1255, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1975-7. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint They know the words, but not the music: affective and semantic priming in individuals with psychopathy
    K S Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Biol Psychol 73:114-23. 2006
    ..In contrast, the two groups showed comparable levels of semantic priming. The results are discussed with reference to current models of psychopathy...
  39. pmc Reduced amygdala-orbitofrontal connectivity during moral judgments in youths with disruptive behavior disorders and psychopathic traits
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Psychiatry Res 194:279-86. 2011
    ..These results suggest that psychopathic traits are associated with amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction. This dysfunction may relate to previous findings of disrupted moral judgment in this population...
  40. pmc Response options and expectations of reward in decision-making: the differential roles of dorsal and rostral anterior cingulate cortex
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuroimage 35:979-88. 2007
    ..The current results suggest functional specificity with respect to the roles of dACC/dmFC and rACC/mPFC in decision-making...
  41. doi request reprint Neuroimaging of psychopathy and antisocial behavior: a targeted review
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Room 206, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 12:76-82. 2010
    ..This is consistent with suggestions that such individuals face difficulties with basic forms of emotional learning and decision making...
  42. ncbi request reprint Impaired recognition of fear facial expressions in 5-HTTLPR S-polymorphism carriers following tryptophan depletion
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 189:387-94. 2006
    ..Acute tryptophan depletion has been associated with the processing of fear-relevant cues, such as emotional expressions, but the effect of genotype at the 5-HTTLPR has not been assessed...
  43. pmc Abnormal ventromedial prefrontal cortex function in children with psychopathic traits during reversal learning
    Elizabeth C Finger
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:586-94. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Dysfunctions of medial and lateral orbitofrontal cortex in psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1121:461-79. 2007
    ..It is suggested that the impairment in the role of medial OFC in prediction error signaling and the detection of contingency change may underlie the impairments in flexible behavioral change seen in psychopathy...
  45. ncbi request reprint Deafness to fear in boys with psychopathic tendencies
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Heath, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2670, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:327-36. 2005
    ..These results are interpreted with reference to amygdala dysfunction and components of the Integrated Emotion Systems model...
  46. ncbi request reprint The roles of orbital frontal cortex in the modulation of antisocial behavior
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Drive, Room 206, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Brain Cogn 55:198-208. 2004
    ..Impairments in response reversal are also seen in psychopathic individuals. However, it remains unclear whether impairment in response reversal per se is associated with antisocial behavior...
  47. ncbi request reprint Choosing the lesser of two evils, the better of two goods: specifying the roles of ventromedial prefrontal cortex and dorsal anterior cingulate in object choice
    Karina Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2670, USA
    J Neurosci 26:11379-86. 2006
    ..These data are interpreted with reference to models of ACd and vmPFC functioning...
  48. pmc Risk for bipolar disorder is associated with face-processing deficits across emotions
    Melissa A Brotman
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:1455-61. 2008
    ..It is unclear whether this deficit in at-risk youths is present across all emotions or if the impairment presents initially as an emotion-specific dysfunction that then generalizes to other emotions as the symptoms of BD become manifest...
  49. ncbi request reprint Responding to the emotions of others: dissociating forms of empathy through the study of typical and psychiatric populations
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, Room 206, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Conscious Cogn 14:698-718. 2005
    ..In contrast, individuals with psychopathy show clear difficulties with a specific form of emotional empathy but no indications of impairment with cognitive and motor empathy...
  50. ncbi request reprint Heightened sensitivity to facial expressions of emotion in borderline personality disorder
    Thomas R Lynch
    Department of Psychology, Social and Health Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Emotion 6:647-55. 2006
    ..These findings could not be explained by participants with BPD responding faster with more errors. Overall, results appear to support the contention that heightened emotional sensitivity may be a core feature of BPD...
  51. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the effects of a beta-adrenergic blocker and a benzodiazepine upon the recognition of human facial expressions
    Andrea Zangara
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1H 6BT, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 163:36-41. 2002
    ..Recent evidence implies that the processing of different facial expressions may also be dissociable pharmacologically by GABAergic and noradrenergic compounds, although no study has directly compared the two types of drugs...
  52. ncbi request reprint Risky decisions and response reversal: is there evidence of orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in psychopathic individuals?
    D G V Mitchell
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 40:2013-22. 2002
    ..These results are interpreted with reference to an OFC and amygdala dysfunction explanation of psychopathy...
  53. pmc The interference of operant task performance by emotional distracters: an antagonistic relationship between the amygdala and frontoparietal cortices
    D G V Mitchell
    Department of Psychiatry and Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Neuroimage 40:859-68. 2008
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint The role of the amygdala and rostral anterior cingulate in encoding expected outcomes during learning
    D S Kosson
    Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Neuroimage 29:1161-72. 2006
    ..Post-criterion correct responding was associated with increased activation in regions including rostral anterior cingulate, insula, caudate, hippocampal regions, and the amygdala...
  55. ncbi request reprint Fractionation of visual memory: agency detection and its impairment in autism
    R J R Blair
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, WC1H 3AR, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 40:108-18. 2002
    ..The data is interpreted in terms of reduced sensitivity to agency cues in individuals with autism and general information processing capacity...
  56. pmc The contribution of ventrolateral and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex to response reversal
    D G V Mitchell
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Behav Brain Res 187:80-7. 2008
    ..These data also suggest that dorsolateral prefrontal cortex plays a role in reversal learning, probably through top down attentional control of object or reinforcement features when task demands increase...
  57. ncbi request reprint Theory of mind and psychopathy: can psychopathic individuals read the 'language of the eyes'?
    R A Richell
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 41:523-6. 2003
    ..Results indicated that the psychopathic individuals did not present with any generalised impairment in ToM. The data are discussed with reference to the putative neural system mediating performance on this task and models of psychopathy...
  58. ncbi request reprint An fMRI study of intentional and unintentional (embarrassing) violations of social norms
    S Berthoz
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
    Brain 125:1696-708. 2002
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of response reversal: considering acquisition
    S Budhani
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neuroimage 34:1754-65. 2007
    ..The implications of these data for recent accounts of response reversal and of response reversal impairments in specific neuropsychiatric populations are discussed...