Robert J Biggar

Summary

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Water, socioeconomic factors, and human herpesvirus 8 infection in Ugandan children and their mothers
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:474-9. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Survival after cancer diagnosis in persons with AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:293-9. 2005
  3. doi request reprint Cancer risk in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus in the United States
    Eric A Engels
    Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 123:187-94. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Human leukocyte antigen concordance and the transmission risk via breast-feeding of human T cell lymphotropic virus type I
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 193:277-82. 2006
  5. pmc Hepatitis C virus genotype 4 in Ugandan children and their mothers
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1440-3. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Cancer risk in elderly persons with HIV/AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    From Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:861-8. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Room EPS 8014, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:962-72. 2007
  8. pmc Hodgkin lymphoma and immunodeficiency in persons with HIV/AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Rm EPS 7074, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Blood 108:3786-91. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Antibody reactivity to latent and lytic antigens to human herpesvirus-8 in longitudinally followed homosexual men
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:12-8. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Higher in utero and perinatal HIV infection risk in girls than boys
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Division of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:509-13. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi request reprint Water, socioeconomic factors, and human herpesvirus 8 infection in Ugandan children and their mothers
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:474-9. 2005
    ..Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection is common in sub-Saharan Africa, but its distribution is uneven. Transmission occurs during childhood within families by unclear routes...
  2. ncbi request reprint Survival after cancer diagnosis in persons with AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:293-9. 2005
    ..Clinicians should be encouraged by the improving prognosis and be diligent about detecting and treating cancer in PWA...
  3. doi request reprint Cancer risk in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus in the United States
    Eric A Engels
    Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 123:187-94. 2008
    ..These trends have led to a shift in the spectrum of cancer among HIV-infected persons...
  4. ncbi request reprint Human leukocyte antigen concordance and the transmission risk via breast-feeding of human T cell lymphotropic virus type I
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 193:277-82. 2006
    ..We examined the association between mother-to-child human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) transmission and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I types...
  5. pmc Hepatitis C virus genotype 4 in Ugandan children and their mothers
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1440-3. 2006
    ..However, only approximately 10% of positive results were confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR, which suggests frequent false-positive results or viral clearance. All sequenced types were genotype 4...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cancer risk in elderly persons with HIV/AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    From Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:861-8. 2004
    ..Cancer risks in persons with AIDS are increased, but risks in elderly persons with AIDS (EPWAs) have not been previously described...
  7. ncbi request reprint AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Room EPS 8014, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:962-72. 2007
    ..The incidence of Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer has been declining among persons with AIDS. We investigated the association between cancer risk and CD4 cell count among such persons...
  8. pmc Hodgkin lymphoma and immunodeficiency in persons with HIV/AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Rm EPS 7074, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Blood 108:3786-91. 2006
    ..With more severe immunosuppression, nodular sclerosing HL becomes infrequent, explaining the higher proportion of mixed cellularity HL found in PWAs. Pathogenesis implications are discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Antibody reactivity to latent and lytic antigens to human herpesvirus-8 in longitudinally followed homosexual men
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:12-8. 2003
    ..Because persons with more advanced infections have higher antibody titers, they are easier to detect, which may skew our understanding of the epidemiology of HHV-8...
  10. ncbi request reprint Higher in utero and perinatal HIV infection risk in girls than boys
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Division of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:509-13. 2006
    ..This study analyzed mother-to-child HIV transmission rates by sex and exposure time for babies born to HIV-infected, untreated African women...
  11. ncbi request reprint The risk of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection in twin pairs born to infected mothers in Africa
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    J Infect Dis 188:850-5. 2003
    ..These findings indicate that birth-canal exposure is not a major contributor to a newborn's risk of HIV-1 infection...
  12. ncbi request reprint Detection of kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus DNA in saliva and buffy-coat samples from children with sickle cell disease in Uganda
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:1382-6. 2004
    ..Detection was associated with K8.1 seropositivity, younger age, and high household density, indicating the importance of in-household person-to-person transmission, likely via saliva...
  13. ncbi request reprint High levels of Epstein-Barr virus DNA in saliva and peripheral blood from Ugandan mother-child pairs
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    J Infect Dis 193:422-6. 2006
    ..Our results indicate that EBV infection persists, with virus readily detectable in saliva and buffy coats from persons without apparent symptoms in Africa...
  14. ncbi request reprint Molecular evidence for mother-to-child transmission of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus in Uganda and K1 gene evolution within the host
    Sam Mbulaiteye
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NCI, Rockville, Maryland 21701, USA
    J Infect Dis 193:1250-7. 2006
    ..Epidemiological studies of Kaposi sarcoma (KS)-related herpesvirus (KSHV) indicate that having a KSHV-seropositive mother is a risk factor for KSHV infection in children...
  15. ncbi request reprint Trends in cancer risk among people with AIDS in the United States 1980-2002
    Eric A Engels
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    AIDS 20:1645-54. 2006
    ..People with AIDS have heightened cancer risk from immunosuppression. HAART has been available since 1996 and has reduced AIDS-related mortality, but there are few large-scale studies on cancer trends...
  16. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 infection and transfusion history in children with sickle-cell disease in Uganda
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:1330-5. 2003
    ..We studied the association between HHV-8 seropositivity and transfusion history among children with sickle-cell disease in Uganda, where HHV-8 infection is common in blood donors...
  17. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in twin pairs infected at birth
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 186:281-5. 2002
    ..Thus, given infection, factors intrinsic to HIV-1 are more important than host genetics in viral evolution...
  18. pmc Risk of human papillomavirus-associated cancers among persons with AIDS
    Anil K Chaturvedi
    Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS 7072, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1120-30. 2009
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Elevated risk for squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva among adults with AIDS in the United States
    Mercy Guech-Ongey
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 122:2590-3. 2008
    ..We show significantly increased incidence of SCCC among persons with HIV/AIDS in the U.S. The associations with age and geography are in accord with etiological role for ultraviolet radiation in SCCC...
  20. ncbi request reprint Provirus load in breast milk and risk of mother-to-child transmission of human T lymphotropic virus type I
    Hong Chuan Li
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:1275-8. 2004
    ..18% to 28.7/1000 person-months when it was >1.5%. Provirus detection in maternal breast milk predicted transmission months before infection in children was detected by serologic testing...
  21. ncbi request reprint Antibodies to JC and BK viruses among persons with non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    Eric A Engels
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    Int J Cancer 117:1013-9. 2005
    ..Additional research is needed to determine whether JCV replication is decreased in individuals with NHL and whether these findings are consistent with an etiologic role for JCV in NHL...
  22. ncbi request reprint Detection and quantification of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus to predict AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma
    Eric A Engels
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20892, USA
    AIDS 17:1847-51. 2003
    ..To identify immunologic and virologic predictors of AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Immune deficiency and risk for malignancy among persons with AIDS
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NIH, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:527-33. 2003
    ..People with AIDS have an elevated risk for cancer. We studied the relationship between cancer risk and AIDS-related immunosuppression as measured by CD4 count at AIDS onset...
  24. ncbi request reprint Elevated risk of lung cancer among people with AIDS
    Anil K Chaturvedi
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 7072, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    AIDS 21:207-13. 2007
    ..Lung cancer risk was compared between PWA and the general population and its relationship with immunosuppression was assessed. The likelihood that excess risk is explained by a high prevalence of smoking was also investigated...
  25. ncbi request reprint Childhood exposure to simian virus 40-contaminated poliovirus vaccine and risk of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
    Eric A Engels
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    Int J Cancer 106:283-7. 2003
    ..Our findings do not support a role for SV40 in lymphomagenesis among immunosuppressed persons...
  26. pmc Antibodies reactive to Plasmodium falciparum serine repeat antigen in children with Burkitt lymphoma from Ghana
    Mercy Guech-Ongey
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, DCEG, NCI, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1908-14. 2012
    ..002) in analyses adjusting for age, sex, calendar period and test plate. Our findings suggest that compared to similarly aged children enrolled from the same community, children with BL in Ghana have lower antibodies to SE36 antigen...
  27. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection and risk for hepatocellular carcinoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in AIDS
    Eric A Engels
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NIH, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 8010, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:536-41. 2002
    ..These data suggest an effect of HCV infection on HCC risk among adults with AIDS. On the other hand, NHL risk was not higher for groups in whom HCV infection was prevalent...
  28. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 infection within families in rural Tanzania
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:1780-5. 2003
    ..2; 95% CI, 1.9-9.4). Our data are consistent with the occurrence of HHV-8 transmission within families, from mothers and other relatives to children via nonsexual routes and between spouses via sexual routes...
  29. ncbi request reprint The incidence of Kaposi sarcoma among injection drug users with AIDS in the United States
    Jonnae O Atkinson
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1282-7. 2004
    ..Thus, these data suggest that IDUs' risk of acquiring HHV-8, through needle sharing or other behaviors related to injection drug use, is low...
  30. ncbi request reprint Risk of human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated diseases in Jamaica with common HLA types
    James J Goedert
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 121:1092-7. 2007
    ..HAM/TSP risk did not differ consistently with common HLA types. Thus, ATL risk, but not HAM/TSP risk, was increased with higher prevalence HLA-B alleles. Perhaps breadth of cellular immunity affects risk of this viral leukemia/lymphoma...
  31. ncbi request reprint Absence of Y-chromosome sequences in tumors from African women with AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, DCEG, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza South Rm 7080, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Lett 248:229-33. 2007
    ..Among 25 unique tumors tested, none was positive for SRY sequence. While our results do not exclude sexual cellular transmission of whole KS cells, they suggest that if it occurs, it is rare...
  32. ncbi request reprint Trends in Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma incidence in the United States from 1973 through 1998
    Mohamed A Eltom
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 94:1204-10. 2002
    ..We examined the impact of these changes on the general population incidence of KS and NHL...
  33. ncbi request reprint Transmission of human herpesvirus 8 by sexual activity among adults in Lagos, Nigeria
    Mohamed A Eltom
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics DCEG, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS Room 8014, Rockville, MD 20852 MSC 7248, USA
    AIDS 16:2473-8. 2002
    ..Studies in Europe and America suggest spread through homosexual contact, but evidence of heterosexual spread is inconsistent. We examined the association between HHV-8 and markers of risky sexual activity in Nigeria...
  34. ncbi request reprint Antenatal vitamin A supplementation increases birth weight and decreases anemia among infants born to human immunodeficiency virus-infected women in Malawi
    Newton Kumwenda
    Department of Epidemiology and Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health and School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:618-24. 2002
    ..6% and 27.8% (P=.76) and 27.7% and 32.8% (P=.21). Receipt of vitamin A improved birth weight and neonatal growth and reduced anemia, but it did not affect perinatal HIV transmission...
  35. pmc Endemic Burkitt lymphoma is associated with strength and diversity of Plasmodium falciparum malaria stage-specific antigen antibody response
    Peter Aka
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD
    Blood 122:629-35. 2013
    ..Our results suggest that recent malaria may be associated with risk of eBL but long-term infection may be protective. ..
  36. pmc Sporadic childhood Burkitt lymphoma incidence in the United States during 1992-2005
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, DCEG, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 53:366-70. 2009
    ..The risk factors and co-factors for sporadic childhood BL are unknown. We investigated demographic and age-specific characteristics of childhood BL (0-14 years) in the U.S...
  37. ncbi request reprint Pleural and peritoneal lymphoma among people with AIDS in the United States
    Sam M Mbulaiteye
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:418-21. 2002
    ..To describe the occurrence and characteristics of pleural and peritoneal lymphoma in a large cohort of persons with AIDS in 11 regions in the United States...
  38. pmc African Burkitt lymphoma: age-specific risk and correlations with malaria biomarkers
    Benjamin Emmanuel
    Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:397-401. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that concurrent infection with multiple malaria genotypes may be related to onset of African Burkitt lymphoma...
  39. pmc Timing of births and endometrial cancer risk in Swedish women
    Ruth M Pfeiffer
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd EPS RM 8030, Bethesda, MD 20892 7244, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1441-9. 2009
    ..0001) for women with > or =25 years since a last birth compared to women having given birth within 4 years. Our findings support that clearance of initiated cells during delivery may be important in endometrial carcinogenesis...
  40. pmc Human herpesvirus 8 load and progression of AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma lesions
    Martin M Nsubuga
    Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
    Cancer Lett 263:182-8. 2008
    ..We investigated these relationships in persons with AIDS...
  41. doi request reprint Genetic susceptibility to severe infection in families with invasive pneumococcal disease
    Thomas Hjuler
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 167:814-9. 2008
    ..Thus, at the population level, genetic constitution appears of little importance in the development of IPD and other severe infections...
  42. ncbi request reprint Re: "Estimation of risk of cancers before occurrence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus"
    Eric A Engels
    Am J Epidemiol 157:955; author reply 955-6. 2003
  43. ncbi request reprint Genotypic characterization of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus in asymptomatic infected subjects from isolated populations
    Denise Whitby
    Viral Epidemiology Section, AIDS Vaccine Program, SAIC Frederick, NCI Frederick, MD 21701, USA
    J Gen Virol 85:155-63. 2004
    ..The heterogeneity of the KSHV strains found in these subjects from Botswana contrasts with the homogeneity of KSHV strains in Amerindians, reflecting differences in the evolutionary history of these populations...
  44. ncbi request reprint The impact of autoimmune diseases on the incidence and prognosis of cutaneous malignant melanoma
    Jeanette Kaae
    Department of Epidemiology Research Statens Serum Institut Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1840-4. 2007
    ..Consequently, we examined whether autoimmune diseases might also be associated with lower CMM incidence and better prognosis...
  45. ncbi request reprint Merkel cell carcinoma and HIV infection
    Eric A Engels
    Lancet 359:497-8. 2002
    ..4 (95% CI 4.9-29.1) compared with the general population. These results suggest that immune suppression induced by the human immunodeficiency virus increases MCC risk...
  46. ncbi request reprint Reproductive patterns and non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk in Danish women and men
    Morten Frisch
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, 5 Artillerivej, DK 2300, Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:673-9. 2006
    ..001). Pregnancies have limited impact, if any, on subsequent NHL risk in women. Our findings in men need replication, but, if verified, they may reflect lymphomagenesis-associated male subfertility prior to NHL diagnosis...
  47. ncbi request reprint Vaginal cleansing and the gold standard
    Robert J Biggar
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:531-3. 2005
  48. ncbi request reprint Provirus load is lower in human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-II carriers than in HTLV-I carriers: a key difference in viral pathogenesis?
    Michie Hisada
    J Infect Dis 191:1383-5; author reply 1385-6. 2005
  49. pmc Incidence and geographic distribution of endemic Burkitt lymphoma in northern Uganda revisited
    Martin D Ogwang
    Department of Surgery, St Mary s Hospital, Lacor, Gulu, Uganda
    Int J Cancer 123:2658-63. 2008
    ..Jaw tumors were characterized by young age and male gender, but presentation has shifted away from facial to mostly abdominal...