E Ruthruff

Summary

Affiliation: NASA Ames Research Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Dual-task interference with equal task emphasis: graded capacity sharing or central postponement?
    Eric Ruthruff
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    Percept Psychophys 65:801-16. 2003
  2. ncbi How does practice reduce dual-task interference: integration, automatization, or just stage-shortening?
    Eric Ruthruff
    MS 262 4, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    Psychol Res 70:125-42. 2006
  3. ncbi Why practice reduces dual-task interference
    E Ruthruff
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:3-21. 2001
  4. ncbi Processing bottlenecks in dual-task performance: structural limitation or strategic postponement?
    E Ruthruff
    NASA Ames Research Center, MS 262 4, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:73-80. 2001
  5. ncbi Switching between simple cognitive tasks: the interaction of top-down and bottom-up factors
    E Ruthruff
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:1404-19. 2001
  6. ncbi Vanishing dual-task interference after practice: has the bottleneck been eliminated or is it merely latent?
    Eric Ruthruff
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 29:280-9. 2003
  7. ncbi Can practice eliminate the psychological refractory period effect?
    M Van Selst
    Department of Psychology, San Jose State University, California 95192, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 25:1268-83. 1999
  8. ncbi Visual search in complex displays: factors affecting conflict detection by air traffic controllers
    R W Remington
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    Hum Factors 42:349-66. 2000
  9. doi On the nonautomaticity of visual word processing: electrophysiological evidence that word processing requires central attention
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:751-73. 2008
  10. doi Contingent attentional capture by top-down control settings: converging evidence from event-related potentials
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:509-30. 2008

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. ncbi Dual-task interference with equal task emphasis: graded capacity sharing or central postponement?
    Eric Ruthruff
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    Percept Psychophys 65:801-16. 2003
    ..However, this pattern is consistent with the existence of a structural central bottleneck...
  2. ncbi How does practice reduce dual-task interference: integration, automatization, or just stage-shortening?
    Eric Ruthruff
    MS 262 4, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    Psychol Res 70:125-42. 2006
    ..Neither experiment provided any evidence that practice promotes efficient task integration...
  3. ncbi Why practice reduces dual-task interference
    E Ruthruff
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:3-21. 2001
    ..A control experiment with 2 manual response tasks showed less PRP reduction with practice than that found by Van Selst et al...
  4. ncbi Processing bottlenecks in dual-task performance: structural limitation or strategic postponement?
    E Ruthruff
    NASA Ames Research Center, MS 262 4, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:73-80. 2001
    ..The data conform closely to the predictions of structural central bottleneck models...
  5. ncbi Switching between simple cognitive tasks: the interaction of top-down and bottom-up factors
    E Ruthruff
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:1404-19. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi Vanishing dual-task interference after practice: has the bottleneck been eliminated or is it merely latent?
    Eric Ruthruff
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 29:280-9. 2003
    ..Van Selst, E. Ruthruff, and J. C. Johnston (1999). These findings demonstrate that the absence of dual-task interference does not necessarily indicate the absence of a processing bottleneck...
  7. ncbi Can practice eliminate the psychological refractory period effect?
    M Van Selst
    Department of Psychology, San Jose State University, California 95192, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 25:1268-83. 1999
    ....
  8. ncbi Visual search in complex displays: factors affecting conflict detection by air traffic controllers
    R W Remington
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    Hum Factors 42:349-66. 2000
    ..The implications and limitations of these results for the feasibility of free flight are discussed. Actual or potential applications include providing guidance in the selection of free flight operational concepts...
  9. doi On the nonautomaticity of visual word processing: electrophysiological evidence that word processing requires central attention
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:751-73. 2008
    ..The authors conclude that visual word processing is not fully automatic but rather requires access to limited central attentional resources...
  10. doi Contingent attentional capture by top-down control settings: converging evidence from event-related potentials
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:509-30. 2008
    ..The findings provide converging evidence for attentional capture contingent on top-down control settings...
  11. ncbi Visual word recognition without central attention: evidence for greater automaticity with greater reading ability
    Eric Ruthruff
    Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:337-43. 2008
    ..We conclude that greater lexical skill leads to greater automaticity, allowing better readers to more efficiently perform lexical processes in parallel with other attention-demanding tasks...
  12. ncbi Visual word recognition without central attention: evidence for greater automaticity with advancing age
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, 97331, USA
    Psychol Aging 21:431-47. 2006
    ..The authors conclude that greater cumulative experience with lexical processing leads to greater automaticity, allowing older adults to more efficiently perform this stage in parallel with another task...
  13. ncbi The role of input and output modality pairings in dual-task performance: evidence for content-dependent central interference
    Eliot Hazeltine
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, USA
    Cogn Psychol 52:291-345. 2006
    ..Implications for structural and strategic accounts of dual-task interference are discussed...
  14. ncbi What causes residual dual-task interference after practice?
    Eric Ruthruff
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA
    Psychol Res 70:494-503. 2006
    ..We conclude that practice can eliminate the bottleneck limitation, but performance is still subject to other sources of interference, such as competition between central codes of the two tasks...
  15. ncbi Modality pairing effects and the response selection bottleneck
    Eliot Hazeltine
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, 11 Seashore Hall E, Iowa City, IA 52242 1407, USA
    Psychol Res 70:504-13. 2006
    ....
  16. ncbi Redundancy gain and coactivation in bimodal detection: evidence for the preservation of coactive processing in older adults
    Barbara Bucur
    Department of Psychology, The University of Akron, Ohio, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:P279-82. 2005
    ..These results suggest that, despite age-related deficits in divided attention, the ability to coactivate information from bimodal signals is spared with increased age...
  17. ncbi On the limits of advance preparation for a task switch: do people prepare all the task some of the time or some of the task all the time?
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:299-315. 2005
    ..Thus, there was no evidence that people have a latent capability to fully prepare for a task switch...
  18. ncbi Confirming and disconfirming theories about ideomotor compatibility in dual-task performance: a reply to Greenwald (2005)
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:226-9. 2005
    ..In particular, Greenwald neglects to consider the possibility that a latent bottleneck limitation could also produce small dual-task costs...
  19. ncbi Dual-task performance with ideomotor-compatible tasks: is the central processing bottleneck intact, bypassed, or shifted in locus?
    Mei Ching Lien
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:122-44. 2005
    ..The findings favor an engage-bottleneck-later hypothesis, whereby parallelism between tasks occurs deeper into the processing stream for IM- than for non-IM-compatible tasks, without the bottleneck being actually eliminated...
  20. ncbi Repetition blindness has a perceptual locus: evidence from online processing of targets in RSVP streams
    James C Johnston
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:477-89. 2002
    ..The present results show that in the RSVP paradigm, RB occurs online during initial stimulus encoding and decision making. The authors argue that RB is indeed a perceptual phenomenon...
  21. ncbi Task switching in a hierarchical task structure: evidence for the fragility of the task repetition benefit
    Mei Ching Lien
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:697-713. 2004
    ..The authors conclude that the element-level task repetition benefit is fragile and can be eliminated in a hierarchical task organization...
  22. ncbi Forty-five years after Broadbent (1958): still no identification without attention
    Joel Lachter
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:880-913. 2004
    ..Hence, the authors found no evidence that unattended stimuli can be identified. The results support a modern version of Broadbent's selective theory, updated to reflect recent research advances...
  23. ncbi Proactive versus reactive task-set inhibition: evidence from flanker compatibility effects
    David Kuhns
    Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:977-83. 2007
    ..The results provide evidence that inhibition can be applied proactively, to reduce the ability of an abandoned task to interfere with the performance of other tasks...
  24. ncbi On the difficulty of task switching: assessing the role of task-set inhibition
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:530-5. 2006
    ..This pattern was not observed in either experiment. Thus, the data provide no evidence that task switching is difficult because of the need to overcome recent task-set inhibition...
  25. doi Age-related differences in switching between cognitive tasks: does internal control ability decline with age?
    Mei Ching Lien
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvalis, OR 97331, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:330-41. 2008
    ....