N Breslau

Summary

Affiliation: Michigan State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring IQ
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1047-53. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Intelligence and other predisposing factors in exposure to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a follow-up study at age 17 years
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1238-45. 2006
  3. doi request reprint Neuroticism and post-traumatic stress disorder: a prospective investigation
    N Breslau
    Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Psychol Med 43:1697-702. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Influence of predispositions on post-traumatic stress disorder: does it vary by trauma severity?
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 43:381-90. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Migraine headaches and suicide attempt
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Headache 52:723-31. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Sleep in lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder: a community-based polysomnographic study
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:508-16. 2004
  7. pmc Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder: a study of youths in urban America
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Urban Health 81:530-44. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Estimating post-traumatic stress disorder in the community: lifetime perspective and the impact of typical traumatic events
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, E Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 34:889-98. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Partial PTSD versus full PTSD: an empirical examination of associated impairment
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 34:1205-14. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint The clinical significance criterion in DSM-IV post-traumatic stress disorder
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 37:1437-44. 2007

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring IQ
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1047-53. 2005
    ..Maternal smoking in pregnancy lowers birthweight. It is unclear, however, whether smoking during pregnancy lowers offspring IQ, and, if it does, whether it is through the smoking effect on fetal growth...
  2. ncbi request reprint Intelligence and other predisposing factors in exposure to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a follow-up study at age 17 years
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1238-45. 2006
    ..Prospective data on standardized measures of early predispositions would allow a strong test of hypotheses about suspected risk factors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and exposure to traumatic events...
  3. doi request reprint Neuroticism and post-traumatic stress disorder: a prospective investigation
    N Breslau
    Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Psychol Med 43:1697-702. 2013
    ..We evaluate prospectively the relationship of neuroticism, measured at baseline, with the cumulative occurrence of PTSD during the subsequent 10 years, using data from a longitudinal epidemiological study of young adults...
  4. doi request reprint Influence of predispositions on post-traumatic stress disorder: does it vary by trauma severity?
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 43:381-90. 2013
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Migraine headaches and suicide attempt
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Headache 52:723-31. 2012
    ..Previous cross-sectional studies reported an increased risk of suicide attempt in persons with migraine headache, which was sustained when psychiatric comorbidity was statistically controlled...
  6. ncbi request reprint Sleep in lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder: a community-based polysomnographic study
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:508-16. 2004
    ..Polysomnographic studies conducted on small samples of subjects with specific traumas have yielded conflicting results. We therefore evaluated polysomnographic sleep disturbances in PTSD...
  7. pmc Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder: a study of youths in urban America
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Urban Health 81:530-44. 2004
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Estimating post-traumatic stress disorder in the community: lifetime perspective and the impact of typical traumatic events
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, E Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 34:889-98. 2004
    ..The 'worst event' method is efficient for identifying persons with PTSD, but may overestimate the conditional probability of PTSD associated with the entire range of PTSD-level traumas. In this report, we evaluate this potential bias...
  9. ncbi request reprint Partial PTSD versus full PTSD: an empirical examination of associated impairment
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 34:1205-14. 2004
    ..We examined the extent to which partial PTSD is distinguishable from full DSM-PTSD with respect to level of impairment...
  10. ncbi request reprint The clinical significance criterion in DSM-IV post-traumatic stress disorder
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 37:1437-44. 2007
    ..The impact of the clinical significance criterion on the lifetime prevalence of PTSD among civilian victims of traumatic events has not been evaluated...
  11. ncbi request reprint The structure of posttraumatic stress disorder: latent class analysis in 2 community samples
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:1343-51. 2005
    ..Classification of persons exposed to traumatic events into clinically homogeneous groups would facilitate further etiologic and treatment research, as well as research on the relationship of trauma and PTSD with other disorders...
  12. doi request reprint A second look at prior trauma and the posttraumatic stress disorder effects of subsequent trauma: a prospective epidemiological study
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:431-7. 2008
    ..The evidence comes chiefly from retrospective data on earlier events, obtained from trauma-exposed persons with and without PTSD. A generally overlooked major limitation is the failure to assess the PTSD response to the prior trauma...
  13. ncbi request reprint Neurobiological research on sleep and stress hormones in epidemiological samples
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1071:221-30. 2006
    ..Methodological questions raised by discrepancies between biological findings from epidemiologic versus clinical and other selective samples are discussed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in the sensitivity to posttraumatic stress disorder: An epidemiological study of urban young adults
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:607-11. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that assaultive violence elicits women's PTSD response directly and by sensitizing them to the effects of subsequent traumatic events of lesser magnitude...
  15. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Maternal smoking during pregnancy: hazard for what?
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 36:832-3. 2007
  16. ncbi request reprint The lingering academic deficits of low birth weight children
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Pediatrics 114:1035-40. 2004
    ..To estimate the influence of low birth weight (LBW; < or =2500 g) on academic achievement in reading and mathematics in 12th grade in 2 socioeconomically and racially disparate, geographically defined communities...
  17. doi request reprint The 9/11 terrorist attack and posttraumatic stress disorder revisited
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:539-43. 2010
    ..3%. In the subset that endorsed only 9/11 indirect exposure (n = 3981), the PTSD risk was 0.3%. Of the total sample, 0.7% experienced PTSD in relation to indirect 9/11. Explanations for the lower estimates are discussed...
  18. doi request reprint Behavior problems at ages 6 and 11 and high school academic achievement: longitudinal latent variable modeling
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychiatry Res 185:433-7. 2011
    ..Behavior problems at the start of school, independent of later behavior problems, exert lingering effects on achievement by impeding the acquisition of cognitive skills that are the foundation for later academic progress...
  19. pmc Assaultive violence and the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder following a subsequent trauma
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Behav Res Ther 48:1063-6. 2010
    ..In contrast, prior PTSD increased considerably the PTSD risk of a subsequent trauma. The limitations in Cougle et al. (2009) and in this study and future research directions are discussed...
  20. doi request reprint Change in teachers' ratings of attention problems and subsequent change in academic achievement: a prospective analysis
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 40:159-66. 2010
    ..Little is known about the association of change in attention problems during the early school years with subsequent change in academic achievement...
  21. ncbi request reprint Short screening scale for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:908-11. 1999
    ..The authors' goal was to construct a short screening scale for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Previous exposure to trauma and PTSD effects of subsequent trauma: results from the Detroit Area Survey of Trauma
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:902-7. 1999
    ..The authors examine interrelated questions about the effects of previous exposure to trauma...
  23. ncbi request reprint Smoking and the risk of suicidal behavior: a prospective study of a community sample
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology and Office of the Dean, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:328-34. 2005
    ..A link between cigarette smoking and suicidal behavior has been reported in clinical and epidemiological studies...
  24. doi request reprint The latent structure of post-traumatic stress disorder: tests of invariance by gender and trauma type
    H Chung
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA
    Psychol Med 38:563-73. 2008
    ..Measurement invariance of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) criterion symptoms was tested by gender and trauma type, assaultive and non-assaultive...
  25. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of trauma, PTSD, and other posttrauma disorders
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, USA
    Trauma Violence Abuse 10:198-210. 2009
    ..Observed sex differences in anxiety, neuroticism, and depression, inducing effects of stressful experiences, might provide a theoretical context for further inquiry into the greater vulnerability of females to PTSD...
  26. ncbi request reprint Daily smoking and the subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, E Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 34:323-33. 2004
    ..This study extends the enquiry by examining: (1) the specificity of the psychiatric sequelae of smoking; and (2) the variability in the likelihood of these sequelae by proximity and intensity of smoking...
  27. doi request reprint Stability of psychiatric outcomes of low birth weight: a longitudinal investigation
    KIPLING M BOHNERT
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, B645 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1080-6. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Prenatal smoking exposure, low birth weight, and disruptive behavior disorders
    Joel T Nigg
    Department of Psychology, Michifan State University, 115 Psychology Building, East Lansing, MI 48824 1116, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:362-9. 2007
    ..A key question concerns whether etiological contributors are shared across the broad range of disruptive psychopathology or are partially or largely distinct...
  29. doi request reprint Late-preterm birth and its association with cognitive and socioemotional outcomes at 6 years of age
    Nicole M Talge
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Pediatrics 126:1124-31. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Incidence of drug problems in young adults exposed to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: do early life experiences and predispositions matter?
    Philip L Reed
    Biomedical Research and Informatics Center, Michigan State University, 100 Conrad Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 1327, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1435-42. 2007
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Prenatal care and delivery room staff attitudes toward research and the National Children's Study
    Lanay M Mudd
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Matern Child Health J 12:684-91. 2008
    ..This study assessed attitudes of prenatal clinic and delivery room (DR) staff toward facilitation of research, with a particular focus on the National Children's Study (NCS)...
  32. doi request reprint Attitudes of pregnant women towards participation in perinatal epidemiological research
    Sarah Nechuta
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:424-30. 2009
    ..Resistance to these research procedures was especially noted among more highly educated women. Planning for the National Children's Study will have to address potential resistance to research among pregnant women...
  33. doi request reprint Factors associated with women's perceptions of physical activity safety during pregnancy
    Lanay M Mudd
    Department of Kinesiology, College of Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Prev Med 49:194-9. 2009
    ..Health benefits of physical activity (PA) during pregnancy have been noted, but women's perceptions of PA safety have been little studied...
  34. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in the pathway from low birth weight to inattention/hyperactivity
    Michelle M Martel
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 43 Psychology Building, East Lansing, MI 48823 1116, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 35:87-96. 2007
    ..Sex differences in the associated features of attention symptoms may reflect partially distinct etiological pathways...
  35. ncbi request reprint Reports of birthweight by adolescents and their mothers: comparing accuracy and identifying correlates
    Victoria C Lucia
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 20:520-7. 2006
    ..While maternal reports of offspring's birthweight are highly accurate across diverse subgroups of the population, adolescent self-reports of birthweight are unlikely to be useful in medical research...
  36. ncbi request reprint Family cohesion and children's behavior problems: a longitudinal investigation
    Victoria C Lucia
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, 48824, USA
    Psychiatry Res 141:141-9. 2006
    ..The study highlights an important relationship between family cohesion and children's internalizing and attention problems...
  37. ncbi request reprint Headache types and panic disorder: directionality and specificity
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA
    Neurology 56:350-4. 2001
    ..To examine the relationship of migraine and other severe headaches with panic disorder...
  38. doi request reprint Race differences in nicotine dependence in the Collaborative Genetic study of Nicotine Dependence (COGEND)
    Zhehui Luo
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, MI, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:1223-30. 2008
    ..The data support the hypothesis that the relationship between CPD and nicotine dependence as reflected in relapse varies by race, and that Black smokers are dependent at lower levels of CPD than Whites...
  39. pmc Parental monitoring at age 11 and smoking initiation up to age 17 among Blacks and Whites: a prospective investigation
    KIPLING M BOHNERT
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:1474-8. 2009
    ..Parental monitoring has been identified as a predictor of adolescent smoking initiation. However, it is uncertain if the association is uniform across different racial groups...
  40. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders and stages of smoking
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202 3450, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 55:69-76. 2004
    ..We examined the role of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in predicting the subsequent onset of daily smoking, smokers' progression to nicotine dependence, and the persistence of smoking...
  41. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder and the incidence of nicotine, alcohol, and other drug disorders in persons who have experienced trauma
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202 3450, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:289-94. 2003
    ..We examine whether exposure to traumatic events increases the risk for nicotine dependence or alcohol or other drug use disorders, independent of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  42. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic studies of trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, and other psychiatric disorders
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Henry Ford Health System, One Ford Place, 3A, Detroit, MI 48202 3450, USA
    Can J Psychiatry 47:923-9. 2002
    ..Trauma victims who do not succumb to PTSD are not at an elevated risk for the subsequent onset of major depression or substance use disorders, compared with unexposed persons...
  43. ncbi request reprint Graphing survival curve estimates for time-dependent covariates
    Lonni R Schultz
    Department of Biostatistics and Research Epidemiology, Henry Ford Health Systems, Detroit, MI, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 11:68-74. 2002
    ..Examples of how the two methods can differ for time dependent covariates in Cox proportional hazards regression analysis are presented...
  44. ncbi request reprint Low birth weight as a vulnerability marker for early drug use
    Howard D Chilcoat
    Department of Mental Hygiene, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 10:104-12. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that LBW is a useful vulnerability marker for early drug use among boys, independent of the antecedents and sequelae of LBW...
  45. ncbi request reprint Post-traumatic stress disorder
    Naomi Breslau
    N Engl J Med 346:1495-8; author reply 1495-8. 2002
  46. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric morbidity in adult survivors of childhood trauma
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202 3450, USA
    Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 7:80-8. 2002
    ..However, the retrospective nature of data on child abuse, because of legal and ethical restraints on research on children, is a formidable obstacle to advancing knowledge in this field...
  47. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, One Ford Place, 3A, Detroit, MI 48202 3450, USA
    J Gend Specif Med 5:34-40. 2002
    ..Research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has focused primarily on Vietnam War veterans. A handful of recent studies have been conducted on samples of the general population...
  48. ncbi request reprint Cortisol and catecholamines in posttraumatic stress disorder: an epidemiologic community study
    Elizabeth A Young
    Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109 0720, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:394-401. 2004
    ..Prior research has connected posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to increased levels of catecholamines. However, studies of cortisol levels have produced mixed results...
  49. ncbi request reprint Persistence of cigarette smoking: familial liability and the role of nicotine dependence
    Eric O Johnson
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health Sciences Center, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Addiction 97:1063-70. 2002
    ..We examined alternative ways that familial liability to persistence, nicotine dependence and smoking persistence may be related...
  50. ncbi request reprint Saliva cortisol in posttraumatic stress disorder: a community epidemiologic study
    Elizabeth A Young
    Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 56:205-9. 2004
    ..To address this question, we collected saliva cortisol at home in a subsample of a longitudinal epidemiologic sample...
  51. ncbi request reprint Childhood antecedents of exposure to traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder
    Carla L Storr
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:119-25. 2007
    ..The authors prospectively examined childhood antecedents of exposure to traumatic events to estimate the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among those exposed to trauma...
  52. ncbi request reprint Troublesome memories: reflections on the future
    Allan Young
    McGill University, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 21:230-2. 2007
    ..Several papers in this collection direct readers' attention to this fundamental problem. We are pessimistic that their insight will lead to positive results...
  53. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in the polysomnographic sleep of young adults: a community-based study
    Timothy Roehrs
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Sleep Disorders and Research Center, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Sleep Med 7:49-53. 2006
    ..Given the higher prevalence of sleep-related breathing disturbance in men, this study assessed sex differences in sleep in a large, non-clinical sample of adults and controlled for primary sleep disorders...
  54. ncbi request reprint The association of insomnia with anxiety disorders and depression: exploration of the direction of risk
    Eric O Johnson
    Behavioral Health Epidemiology Program, Triangle Institute International, PO Box 12194, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 40:700-8. 2006
    ..Additionally insomnia may have independent, and potentially etiologically distinct, directional associations with anxiety disorders versus depression...
  55. ncbi request reprint Is the association of smoking and depression a recent phenomenon?
    Eric O Johnson
    Division of Health, Social and Economic Research, Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:257-62. 2006
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Test of measurement invariance of the FTND across demographic groups: assessment, effect size, and prediction of cessation
    Eric O Johnson
    Behavioral Health Epidemiology, Division of Health, Social, and Economic Research, Research Triangle Institute International, PO Box 12194, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 93:260-70. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Comorbidity of depression with levels of smoking: an exploration of the shared familial risk hypothesis
    Eric O Johnson
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health Sciences Center, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:1029-38. 2004
    ..The conflicting findings of the studies that have examined the relationship between smoking and depression may be attributable to differences in definition of the disorders and the methods used to analyze them...
  58. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of DSM-IV insomnia in adolescence: lifetime prevalence, chronicity, and an emergent gender difference
    Eric O Johnson
    Substance Abuse Epi, Prevention, and Risk Behavior, Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e247-56. 2006
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Does virtual trauma cause posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Richard J McNally
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am Psychol 63:282-3; discussion 283-5. 2008
  60. doi request reprint Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor genes and nicotine dependence: evidence for association from a case-control study
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 103:1027-38. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Novel genes identified in a high-density genome wide association study for nicotine dependence
    Laura Jean Bierut
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid, Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 16:24-35. 2007
    ..This work anticipates the future directions of large-scale genome wide association studies with state-of-the-art methodological approaches and sharing of data with the scientific community...