Sian L Beilock

Summary

Affiliation: Michigan State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint When paying attention becomes counterproductive: impact of divided versus skill-focused attention on novice and experienced performance of sensorimotor skills
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 8:6-16. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Expertise, attention, and memory in sensorimotor skill execution: impact of novel task constraints on dual-task performance and episodic memory
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:1211-40. 2002
  3. doi request reprint Embodied memory judgments: a case of motor fluency
    Shu Ju Yang
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1359-65. 2009
  4. doi request reprint When does haste make waste? Speed-accuracy tradeoff, skill level, and the tools of the trade
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 14:340-52. 2008
  5. doi request reprint The relation between spatial skill and early number knowledge: the role of the linear number line
    Elizabeth A Gunderson
    Department of Psychology, TheUniversity of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:1229-41. 2012
  6. doi request reprint When and how less is more: reply to Tharp and Pickering
    Marci S DeCaro
    Miami University, Department of Psychology, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Cognition 111:397-403. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint From poor performance to success under stress: working memory, strategy selection, and mathematical problem solving under pressure
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:983-98. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Seeing and doing: ability to act moderates orientation effects in object perception
    Shu Ju Yang
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 64:639-48. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Choke or thrive? The relation between salivary cortisol and math performance depends on individual differences in working memory and math-anxiety
    Andrew Mattarella-Micke
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Emotion 11:1000-5. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Grounding cognition in action: expertise, comprehension, and judgment
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Prog Brain Res 174:3-11. 2009

Detail Information

Publications31

  1. ncbi request reprint When paying attention becomes counterproductive: impact of divided versus skill-focused attention on novice and experienced performance of sensorimotor skills
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 8:6-16. 2002
    ..Novices performed better under skill-focus regardless of foot. Whereas novices and the less-proficient performances of experts benefit from online attentional monitoring of step-by-step performance, high-level skill execution is harmed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Expertise, attention, and memory in sensorimotor skill execution: impact of novel task constraints on dual-task performance and episodic memory
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:1211-40. 2002
    ..Novel task constraints (e.g., a funny putter) increase attention to execution, compromising secondary task performance but enhancing memory for skill execution...
  3. doi request reprint Embodied memory judgments: a case of motor fluency
    Shu Ju Yang
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1359-65. 2009
    ....
  4. doi request reprint When does haste make waste? Speed-accuracy tradeoff, skill level, and the tools of the trade
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 14:340-52. 2008
    ..e., the standard putter) is harmed when using new tools (i.e., the funny putter), and benefits again by speed instructions as the new tool becomes familiar. Planning time absorbs these changes...
  5. doi request reprint The relation between spatial skill and early number knowledge: the role of the linear number line
    Elizabeth A Gunderson
    Department of Psychology, TheUniversity of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:1229-41. 2012
    ..The results are consistent with the hypothesis that spatial skill can improve children's development of numerical knowledge by helping them to acquire a linear spatial representation of numbers...
  6. doi request reprint When and how less is more: reply to Tharp and Pickering
    Marci S DeCaro
    Miami University, Department of Psychology, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Cognition 111:397-403. 2009
    ..Instead, individuals lower in WM capacity perseverate in using simple rule-based strategies that circumvent heavy demands on WM while producing above-chance accuracy...
  7. ncbi request reprint From poor performance to success under stress: working memory, strategy selection, and mathematical problem solving under pressure
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:983-98. 2007
    ..WM availability influences how individuals approach math problems, with the nature of the task performed and the performance environment dictating skill success or failure...
  8. doi request reprint Seeing and doing: ability to act moderates orientation effects in object perception
    Shu Ju Yang
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 64:639-48. 2011
    ..These results support an embodied view of object perception and shed light on peripersonal space representation...
  9. doi request reprint Choke or thrive? The relation between salivary cortisol and math performance depends on individual differences in working memory and math-anxiety
    Andrew Mattarella-Micke
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Emotion 11:1000-5. 2011
    ..For individuals who have the capacity to perform at a high-level (higher WMs), whether physiological arousal will lead an individual to choke or thrive depends on math-anxiety...
  10. doi request reprint Grounding cognition in action: expertise, comprehension, and judgment
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Prog Brain Res 174:3-11. 2009
    ..Together, the work presented here suggests that a complete understanding of high-level performance not only requires consideration of how cognition drives action, but vice versa - a bidirectional link between cognition and action...
  11. ncbi request reprint When high-powered people fail: working memory and "choking under pressure" in math
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Room 202, Benton Hall, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:101-5. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that performance pressure harms individuals most qualified to succeed by consuming the working memory capacity that they rely on for their superior performance...
  12. doi request reprint Putting in the mind versus putting on the green: expertise, performance time, and the linking of imagery and action
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:920-32. 2008
    ..These results are discussed in terms of the functional equivalence between imagery and action and expertise differences in the attentional control structures governing complex sensorimotor skill execution...
  13. ncbi request reprint Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure
    Marci S DeCaro
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, USA
    Methods 42:58-67. 2007
    ..In doing so, we demonstrate that the relation between executive functioning and problem solving success is not always as straightforward as one might initially believe...
  14. pmc Embodied learning across the life span
    Carly Kontra
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Top Cogn Sci 4:731-9. 2012
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Mathematics anxiety: separating the math from the anxiety
    Ian M Lyons
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cereb Cortex 22:2102-10. 2012
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Numerical ordering ability mediates the relation between number-sense and arithmetic competence
    Ian M Lyons
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cognition 121:256-61. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint On the causal mechanisms of stereotype threat: can skills that don't rely heavily on working memory still be threatened?
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1059-71. 2006
    ..Thus, ST alters information processing in multiple ways, inducing performance decrements for different reasons in different tasks...
  18. ncbi request reprint Stereotype threat and working memory: mechanisms, alleviation, and spillover
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:256-76. 2007
    ..The current work extends the knowledge of the causal mechanisms of stereotype threat and demonstrates how its effects can be attenuated and propagated...
  19. doi request reprint Symbolic estrangement: evidence against a strong association between numerical symbols and the quantities they represent
    Ian M Lyons
    University of Chicago, Department of Psychology, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 141:635-41. 2012
    ..Our data are consistent with the view that numerical symbols operate primarily as an associative system in which relations between symbols come to overshadow those between symbols and their quantity referents...
  20. pmc Sensitivity of alpha and beta oscillations to sensorimotor characteristics of action: an EEG study of action production and gesture observation
    Lorna C Quandt
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, 1701 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Neuropsychologia 50:2745-51. 2012
    ....
  21. pmc Individual differences in simultaneous color constancy are related to working memory
    Elizabeth C Allen
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 29:A52-9. 2012
    ..This finding supports a role for higher-level cognitive mechanisms in color constancy and is the first to demonstrate a relation between simultaneous color constancy and a complex cognitive ability...
  22. ncbi request reprint More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056 1601, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:584-600. 2004
    ..This contrast suggests a skill taxonomy based on real-time control structures...
  23. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more
    Marci S DeCaro
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, USA
    Cognition 107:284-94. 2008
    ..As such, a comprehensive understanding of skill learning - and category learning in particular - requires considering the demands of the tasks being performed and the cognitive abilities of the performer...
  24. pmc When math hurts: math anxiety predicts pain network activation in anticipation of doing math
    Ian M Lyons
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e48076. 2012
    ..These results may also provide a potential neural mechanism to explain why HMAs tend to avoid math and math-related situations, which in turn can bias HMAs away from taking math classes or even entire math-related career paths...
  25. doi request reprint Math anxiety: who has it, why it develops, and how to guard against it
    Erin A Maloney
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 S University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:404-6. 2012
    ..Recently, researchers have started to probe the antecedents of math anxiety, revealing some surprising insights into its onset, risk factors, and remediation...
  26. pmc Working memory is related to perceptual processing: a case from color perception
    Elizabeth C Allen
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 37:1014-21. 2011
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Haste does not always make waste: expertise, direction of attention, and speed versus accuracy in performing sensorimotor skills
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, 202 Benton Hall, Oxford, OH 45056 1601, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:373-9. 2004
    ..g., dual-task or speed constraints). In contrast, the proceduralized skill of experts benefits from environments that limit, rather than encourage, attention to execution...
  28. doi request reprint The role of personal experience in the neural processing of action-related language
    Ian M Lyons
    University of Chicago, Department of Psychology, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Brain Lang 112:214-22. 2010
    ..This suggests that the degree to which one finds information personally relevant (i.e., over and above one's direct experience with it) also modulates processing in brain regions related to semantic-level processing...
  29. ncbi request reprint Exercise and working memory: an individual differences investigation
    Benjamin A Sibley
    Department of Health, Leisure and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:783-91. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Expertise and its embodiment: examining the impact of sensorimotor skill expertise on the representation of action-related text
    Lauren E Holt
    Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:694-701. 2006
    ..We show that possessing this type of representation depends on experience interacting with objects and performing the actions in question...
  31. ncbi request reprint Embodied preference judgments: can likeability be driven by the motor system?
    Sian L Beilock
    The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:51-7. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that in skilled typists, perceiving letters prompts covert sensorimotor simulation of typing them, which in turn influences affective judgments about this information...