Colin P West

Summary

Affiliation: Mayo Clinic
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Evaluation of a longitudinal medical school evidence-based medicine curriculum: a pilot study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1057-9. 2008
  2. doi request reprint 5 ways statistics can fool you--tips for practicing clinicians
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States
    Vaccine 31:1550-2. 2013
  3. pmc Burnout and distress among internal medicine program directors: results of a national survey
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:1056-63. 2013
  4. pmc Association of resident fatigue and distress with occupational blood and body fluid exposures and motor vehicle incidents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 87:1138-44. 2012
  5. doi request reprint General medicine vs subspecialty career plans among internal medicine residents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 308:2241-7. 2012
  6. pmc Concurrent validity of single-item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization in burnout assessment
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:1445-52. 2012
  7. pmc Effects of cyclophosphamide on pulmonary function in patients with scleroderma and interstitial lung disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and observational prospective cohort studies
    Carlotta Nannini
    Division of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arthritis Res Ther 10:R124. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Association of resident fatigue and distress with perceived medical errors
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St, SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 302:1294-300. 2009
  9. pmc Single item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization are useful for assessing burnout in medical professionals
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1318-21. 2009
  10. pmc Internal medicine resident self-report of factors associated with career decisions
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:946-9. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc Evaluation of a longitudinal medical school evidence-based medicine curriculum: a pilot study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1057-9. 2008
    ..Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is increasingly taught in medical schools, but few curricula have been evaluated using validated instruments...
  2. doi request reprint 5 ways statistics can fool you--tips for practicing clinicians
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States
    Vaccine 31:1550-2. 2013
    ..These tips may help busy clinicians better interpret the increasingly overwhelming amount of medical literature they are faced with in their daily practices...
  3. pmc Burnout and distress among internal medicine program directors: results of a national survey
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:1056-63. 2013
    ..However, no comparable national data exist for IM residency program directors...
  4. pmc Association of resident fatigue and distress with occupational blood and body fluid exposures and motor vehicle incidents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 87:1138-44. 2012
    ..To evaluate the effect of resident physicians' distress on their personal safety...
  5. doi request reprint General medicine vs subspecialty career plans among internal medicine residents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 308:2241-7. 2012
    ..Differences in general internal medicine (GIM) career plans between internal medicine residency program types and across resident demographics are not well understood...
  6. pmc Concurrent validity of single-item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization in burnout assessment
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:1445-52. 2012
    ..The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is the gold standard for burnout assessment, but the length of this well-validated 22-item instrument can limit its feasibility for survey research...
  7. pmc Effects of cyclophosphamide on pulmonary function in patients with scleroderma and interstitial lung disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and observational prospective cohort studies
    Carlotta Nannini
    Division of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arthritis Res Ther 10:R124. 2008
    ..The purpose of the present study was to systematically review the effect of cyclophosphamide treatment on pulmonary function in patients with systemic sclerosis and interstitial lung disease...
  8. doi request reprint Association of resident fatigue and distress with perceived medical errors
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St, SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 302:1294-300. 2009
    ..Fatigue and distress have been separately shown to be associated with medical errors. The contribution of each factor when assessed simultaneously is unknown...
  9. pmc Single item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization are useful for assessing burnout in medical professionals
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1318-21. 2009
    ..However, the length of the MBI can limit its utility in physician surveys...
  10. pmc Internal medicine resident self-report of factors associated with career decisions
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:946-9. 2009
    ..Little is known about factors contributing to the career decisions of internal medicine residents...
  11. doi request reprint Lack of association between resident doctors' well-being and medical knowledge
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Med Educ 44:1224-31. 2010
    ..We evaluated the association of resident well-being with medical knowledge as assessed on both a standardised test of general medical knowledge and at the end of web-based courses on a series of focused topics...
  12. pmc Extended evaluation of a longitudinal medical school evidence-based medicine curriculum
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:611-5. 2011
    ..Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an important element of medical education. However, limited information is available on effective curricula...
  13. doi request reprint Quality of life, burnout, educational debt, and medical knowledge among internal medicine residents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 306:952-60. 2011
    ..Physician distress is common and has been associated with negative effects on patient care. However, factors associated with resident distress and well-being have not been well described at a national level...
  14. ncbi request reprint Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    JAMA 296:1071-8. 2006
    ..Medical errors are associated with feelings of distress in physicians, but little is known about the magnitude and direction of these associations...
  15. ncbi request reprint Changes in career decisions of internal medicine residents during training
    Colin P West
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:774-9. 2006
    ..Little is known about the timing and stability of internal medicine resident career decisions during the course of residency training...
  16. ncbi request reprint Changing morning report: evaluation of a transition to an interactive mixed-learner format in an internal medicine residency program
    Colin P West
    Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Teach Learn Med 18:330-5. 2006
    ..Morning report is an important conference for medical education, but direct comparisons of approaches to morning report have only rarely been reported...
  17. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of the relationship between medical knowledge and professionalism among internal medicine residents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55095, USA
    Acad Med 82:587-92. 2007
    ..To explore residents' competency in medical knowledge and in empathy, one element of professionalism, and to evaluate the relationship between competencies in these domains...
  18. ncbi request reprint Complete imputation of missing repeated categorical data: one-sample applications
    Colin P West
    Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Stat Med 21:203-17. 2002
    ..While not restricted to the one-sample case, the proposed methodology is illustrated for one-sample data and compared to the common complete-case and available-case analysis methods...
  19. ncbi request reprint Clinician attitudes toward biostatistics
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 82:939-43. 2007
    ..To assess clinician attitudes toward biostatistics at an academic medical center...
  20. pmc The influence of personal and environmental factors on professionalism in medical education
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    BMC Med Educ 7:29. 2007
    ..An understanding of the factors contributing to professionalism may allow the development of more effective approaches to promoting this quality in medical education...
  21. ncbi request reprint Burnout among U.S. medical students, residents, and early career physicians relative to the general U.S. population
    Liselotte N Dyrbye
    Dr Dyrbye is associate professor of medicine, Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Dr West is associate professor of medicine and biostatistics, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Mr Satele is statistician in Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Dr Boone was with the American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois, at the time this study was conducted and is with the University of Illinois, Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, now Dr Tan was with the American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois, at the time this study was conducted and is chief strategy officer, Immunization Action Coalition, St Paul, Minnesota, now Dr Sloan is professor of biostatistics and oncology, Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Dr Shanafelt is professor of medicine, Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
    Acad Med 89:443-51. 2014
    ..To compare the prevalence of burnout and other forms of distress across career stages and the experiences of trainees and early career (EC) physicians versus those of similarly aged college graduates pursuing other careers...
  22. pmc Alternative approaches to ambulatory training: internal medicine residents' and program directors' perspectives
    Kris G Thomas
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:904-10. 2009
    ..Internal medicine ambulatory training redesign, including recommendations to increase ambulatory training, is a focus of national discussion. Residents' and program directors' perceptions about ambulatory training models are unknown...
  23. pmc Impact of resident well-being and empathy on assessments of faculty physicians
    Thomas J Beckman
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:52-6. 2010
    ..Teaching effectiveness is an important criterion for promoting clinician-educators. However, the relationship between residents' psychological characteristics and their assessments of faculty physicians is unknown...
  24. doi request reprint The medical marriage: a national survey of the spouses/partners of US physicians
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 88:216-25. 2013
    ..To evaluate physician relationships from the perspective of their spouses/partners...
  25. pmc Resident physician well-being and assessments of their knowledge and clinical performance
    Thomas J Beckman
    Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:325-30. 2012
    ..However, these assessments may be influenced by residents' mental health. The relationship between residents' well-being and empathy and assessments of their global performance remains unclear...
  26. ncbi request reprint Intervention to Promote Physician Well-being, Job Satisfaction, and Professionalism: A Randomized Clinical Trial
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota2Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
    JAMA Intern Med 174:527-33. 2014
    ..TRIAL REGISTRATION clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01159977. ..
  27. doi request reprint Career fit and burnout among academic faculty
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Departments of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:990-5. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that physicians who spent more of their time in the aspect of work that they found most meaningful would have a lower risk of burnout...
  28. ncbi request reprint Internal medicine resident perceptions of optimal training duration
    Kris G Thomas
    Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Acad Med 82:996-9. 2007
    ..To describe internal medicine residents' opinions regarding the optimal duration of internal medicine residency training, and to assess whether these opinions are associated with specific career interests...
  29. doi request reprint Time spent on clinical documentation: a survey of internal medicine residents and program directors
    Amy S Oxentenko
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:377-80. 2010
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Relationship between critical reflection and quality improvement proposal scores in resident doctors
    Christopher M Wittich
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 45:149-54. 2011
    ..We used validated methods to explore associations between resident doctors' reflections on QI opportunities and the quality of their QI project proposals...
  31. ncbi request reprint Physician well-being and professionalism
    Colin P West
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, USA
    Minn Med 90:44-6. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Educational debt and reported career plans among internal medicine residents
    Furman S McDonald
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Ann Intern Med 149:416-20. 2008
    ..Physicians often enter the workplace with substantial debt. The relationship between debt and reported career plans among internal medicine residents is unknown...
  33. ncbi request reprint A multi-institutional survey of internal medicine residents' learning habits
    Randall S Edson
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Med Teach 32:773-5. 2010
    ..Resident physicians are expected to demonstrate medical knowledge. However, little is known about the residents' reading habits and learning preferences...
  34. pmc A survey of U.S. physicians and their partners regarding the impact of work-home conflict
    Liselotte N Dyrbye
    Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 29:155-61. 2014
    ..Work-home conflicts (WHC) threaten work-life balance among physicians, especially those in dual career relationships. In this study, we analyzed factors associated with WHC for physicians and their employed partners...
  35. pmc Relationship of electronic medical knowledge resource use and practice characteristics with Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Examination scores
    Darcy A Reed
    Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:917-23. 2012
    ..We aimed to examine relationships between electronic medical knowledge resource use, practice characteristics and examination scores among physicians recertifying in internal medicine...
  36. ncbi request reprint Perceived impact of duty hours regulations: a survey of residents and program directors
    Colin P West
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    Am J Med 120:644-8. 2007
  37. doi request reprint Behaviors of highly professional resident physicians
    Darcy A Reed
    Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    JAMA 300:1326-33. 2008
    ..Unprofessional behaviors in medical school predict high stakes consequences for practicing physicians, yet little is known about specific behaviors associated with professionalism during residency...
  38. doi request reprint Teaching quality essentials: the effectiveness of a team-based quality improvement curriculum in a tertiary health care institution
    Andrew J Majka
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Am J Med Qual 28:214-9. 2013
    ..7%. Posttest scores of reference group participants compared favorably, averaging 89.2%. Initial assessments showed substantial knowledge improvements and successful implementation of staff-developed QI projects...
  39. pmc Improving participant feedback to continuing medical education presenters in internal medicine: a mixed-methods study
    Christopher M Wittich
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:425-31. 2012
    ..Feedback is essential for improving the skills of continuing medical education (CME) presenters. However, there has been little research on improving the quality of feedback to CME presenters...
  40. ncbi request reprint Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general US population
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1377-85. 2012
    ..Despite extensive data about physician burnout, to our knowledge, no national study has evaluated rates of burnout among US physicians, explored differences by specialty, or compared physicians with US workers in other fields...
  41. ncbi request reprint Utility of intraoperative frozen section histopathology in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Geoffrey Tsaras
    Department of Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford, 1601 Parkview Avenue, Rockford, IL 61107, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 94:1700-11. 2012
    ..The accuracy of intraoperative periprosthetic frozen section histologic evaluation in predicting a diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection prior to microbiologic culture results is unknown...
  42. doi request reprint Perspective: Reconsidering the focus on "outcomes research" in medical education: a cautionary note
    David A Cook
    Office of Education Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Acad Med 88:162-7. 2013
    ..Deliberately weighing the available options will facilitate informed choices during the design of research that, in turn, informs the art and science of medical education...
  43. doi request reprint Comparison of the quality of patient referrals from physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners
    Robert H Lohr
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Electronic address
    Mayo Clin Proc 88:1266-71. 2013
    ..To compare the quality of referrals of patients with complex medical problems from nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), and physicians to general internists...
  44. ncbi request reprint Impact of an audience response system
    Christoph H Eggert
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 38:576. 2004
  45. ncbi request reprint Principles to promote physician satisfaction and work-life balance
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Mayo Clinic, Department of Medicine, USA
    Minn Med 91:41-3. 2008
    ..These principles can be used to measure and align policies. It is hoped they will serve as a model that can be used by other health care organizations...
  46. ncbi request reprint A national comparison of burnout and work-life balance among internal medicine hospitalists and outpatient general internists
    Daniel L Roberts
    Division of Hospital Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Arizona
    J Hosp Med 9:176-81. 2014
    ..General internists suffer higher rates of burnout and lower satisfaction with work-life balance than most specialties, but the impact of inpatient vs outpatient practice location is unclear...
  47. doi request reprint The risk of asthma exacerbation after stopping low-dose inhaled corticosteroids: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Matthew A Rank
    Division of Allergic Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 131:724-9. 2013
    ..Current asthma guidelines suggest that patients and their providers consider decreasing or stopping controller medications when asthma is stable...
  48. doi request reprint Conducting systematic reviews in medical education: a stepwise approach
    David A Cook
    Office of Education Research, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 46:943-52. 2012
    ..As medical education research continues to proliferate, evidence syntheses will become increasingly important. The purpose of this article is to provide a concise and practical guide to the conduct and reporting of systematic reviews...
  49. ncbi request reprint Statins use and risk of depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Ajay K Parsaik
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, United States Mayo Alzheimer s Disease Research Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States
    J Affect Disord 160:62-7. 2014
    ..Statin use has been associated with depression; however studies of the association between statin use and depression have yielded mixed results...
  50. pmc Hospitalist career decisions among internal medicine residents
    John T Ratelle
    Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 29:1026-30. 2014
    ..Hospital medicine is a rapidly growing field of internal medicine. However, little is known about internal medicine residents' decisions to pursue careers in hospital medicine (HM)...
  51. doi request reprint Decision-to-incision time and neonatal outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Mary C Tolcher
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Medicine, and Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
    Obstet Gynecol 123:536-48. 2014
    ....
  52. pmc Effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) type 3 antagonists on symptom relief and constipation in nonconstipated irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Viola Andresen
    Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research CENTER Program, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 6:545-55. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Does dietary counseling improve quality of life in cancer patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Thorvardur R Halfdanarson
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology, Oncology and Blood and Marrow Transplantation, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, USA
    J Support Oncol 6:234-7. 2008
    ..56 (95% confidence interval,-0.01-1.14; P = 0.06). Dietary counseling does not appear to improve QOL significantly in patients with cancer. However,an observed trend toward benefit underscores the need for further study...
  54. pmc Use of sirolimus in liver transplant recipients with renal insufficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sumeet K Asrani
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Hepatology 52:1360-70. 2010
    ..47, 95% CI = 1.14-5.36), rash (RR = 7.57, 95% CI = 1.75-32.70), ulcers (RR = 7.44, 95% CI = 2.03-27.28), and discontinuation of therapy (RR = 3.61, 95% CI = 1.32-9.89)...
  55. ncbi request reprint Admission predictors of in-hospital mortality and subsequent long-term outcome in survivors of ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a population-based study
    Thomas J Bunch
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Cardiology 102:41-7. 2004
    ..However, the admission variables that predict both short- and long-term survival in a region with high discharge survival following OHCA require further study in order to identify survivors at subsequent highest risk...
  56. ncbi request reprint Contradictions in highly cited clinical research
    Colin P West
    JAMA 294:2695; author reply 2696. 2005