J H Bower

Summary

Affiliation: Mayo Clinic
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Validity of a screening instrument for neurologic disability in resource-poor African communities
    James H Bower
    Mayo Clinic, Department of Neurology, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Neurol Sci 320:52-5. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint Neurologic services in the nations of Africa
    James H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 64:412-5. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Head trauma preceding PD: a case-control study
    J H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 60:1610-5. 2003
  4. doi request reprint A screening instrument to measure the prevalence of neurological disability in resource-poor settings
    James H Bower
    Mayo Clinic Department of Neurology, Rochester, Minn, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 32:313-20. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Immunologic diseases, anti-inflammatory drugs, and Parkinson disease: a case-control study
    J H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 67:494-6. 2006
  6. pmc Anxious personality predicts an increased risk of Parkinson's disease
    James H Bower
    Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 25:2105-13. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint The burden of inpatient neurologic disease in two Ethiopian hospitals
    J H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 68:338-42. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Hysterectomy, menopause, and estrogen use preceding Parkinson's disease: an exploratory case-control study
    M D Benedetti
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 16:830-7. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of cognitive impairment or dementia in women who underwent oophorectomy before menopause
    W A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 69:1074-83. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Education and occupations preceding Parkinson disease: a population-based case-control study
    R Frigerio
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 65:1575-83. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. pmc Validity of a screening instrument for neurologic disability in resource-poor African communities
    James H Bower
    Mayo Clinic, Department of Neurology, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Neurol Sci 320:52-5. 2012
    ..There have been no recent population-based studies on all-cause adult neurological morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. We have developed a screening survey to improve the feasibility in performing these studies...
  2. ncbi request reprint Neurologic services in the nations of Africa
    James H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 64:412-5. 2005
    ..To define the current state of neurologic health care services in the nations of Africa...
  3. ncbi request reprint Head trauma preceding PD: a case-control study
    J H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 60:1610-5. 2003
    ..To investigate the association of PD with preceding head trauma using a case-control study design...
  4. doi request reprint A screening instrument to measure the prevalence of neurological disability in resource-poor settings
    James H Bower
    Mayo Clinic Department of Neurology, Rochester, Minn, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 32:313-20. 2009
    ..A screening instrument to measure neurological disease in resource-poor settings was designed by the World Health Organization in 1981, but several problems with it have subsequently been recognized...
  5. ncbi request reprint Immunologic diseases, anti-inflammatory drugs, and Parkinson disease: a case-control study
    J H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 67:494-6. 2006
    ..In addition, cases used anti-inflammatory agents less frequently than controls (nonsignificant trend). The results may support the hypothesis that there is an inflammatory component in the pathogenesis of PD...
  6. pmc Anxious personality predicts an increased risk of Parkinson's disease
    James H Bower
    Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 25:2105-13. 2010
    ..Our long-term historical cohort study suggests that an anxious personality trait may predict an increased risk of PD developing many years later...
  7. ncbi request reprint The burden of inpatient neurologic disease in two Ethiopian hospitals
    J H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 68:338-42. 2007
    ..To define the burden of inpatient neurologic disease seen in Ethiopian teaching hospitals...
  8. ncbi request reprint Hysterectomy, menopause, and estrogen use preceding Parkinson's disease: an exploratory case-control study
    M D Benedetti
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 16:830-7. 2001
    ..Despite the limited sample size of this exploratory study, we hypothesize that there is an increased risk of PD in conditions causing an early reduction in endogenous estrogen. This hypothesis needs to be confirmed in a larger study...
  9. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of cognitive impairment or dementia in women who underwent oophorectomy before menopause
    W A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 69:1074-83. 2007
    ..We studied the association of oophorectomy performed before the onset of menopause with the risk of subsequent cognitive impairment or dementia...
  10. ncbi request reprint Education and occupations preceding Parkinson disease: a population-based case-control study
    R Frigerio
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 65:1575-83. 2005
    ..To investigate the association of Parkinson disease (PD) with education and occupations using a case-control study design...
  11. pmc Anemia or low hemoglobin levels preceding Parkinson disease: a case-control study
    R Savica
    Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 73:1381-7. 2009
    ..Thus, we investigated the association of anemia with the subsequent risk of PD using a case-control study design...
  12. pmc Medical records documentation of constipation preceding Parkinson disease: A case-control study
    R Savica
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 73:1752-8. 2009
    ..We investigated constipation preceding PD using a case-control study design in a population-based sample...
  13. pmc Novelty seeking and introversion do not predict the long-term risk of Parkinson disease
    G Arabia
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 75:349-57. 2010
    ..It has been suggested that people who develop Parkinson disease (PD) may have a characteristic premorbid personality. We tested this hypothesis using a large historical cohort study with long follow-up...
  14. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of parkinsonism in women who underwent oophorectomy before menopause
    W A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 70:200-9. 2008
    ..We studied the association of oophorectomy performed before the onset of menopause with the risk of subsequent parkinsonism...
  15. ncbi request reprint Risk of cancer after the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease: a historical cohort study
    Alexis Elbaz
    Departments of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 20:719-25. 2005
    ..Among PD patients, there was no relation between the risk of cancer and the cumulative dose of levodopa received or the use of other PD medications...
  16. ncbi request reprint Interaction of alpha-synuclein and tau genotypes in Parkinson's disease
    Catherine E Mamah
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Ann Neurol 57:439-43. 2005
    ..These findings are consistent with in vitro experiments that revealed tau-mediated fibrillization of alpha-synuclein protein at low concentrations (dose threshold effect)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Time trends in the incidence of parkinsonism in Olmsted County, Minnesota
    W A Rocca
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 57:462-7. 2001
    ..To investigate time trends in the incidence of parkinsonism and PD over a 15-year period (1976 to 1990)...
  18. ncbi request reprint Validity of family history data on PD: evidence for a family information bias
    A Elbaz
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 61:11-7. 2003
    ..To study the validity of information provided by case and control subjects (or their proxies) about PD among their first-degree relatives...
  19. ncbi request reprint Complex segregation analysis of Parkinson's disease: The Mayo Clinic Family Study
    Shannon K McDonnell
    Division of Biostatistics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Ann Neurol 59:788-95. 2006
    ..To conduct complex segregation analyses of Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  20. ncbi request reprint Levodopa-associated dyskinesia risk among Parkinson disease patients in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1976-1990
    Jay A Van Gerpen
    Department of Neurology, Ochsner Clinic, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Arch Neurol 63:205-9. 2006
    ..The threat of levodopa-induced dyskinesias often influences early treatment decisions in those with Parkinson disease...
  21. ncbi request reprint Pathological hypersexuality predominantly linked to adjuvant dopamine agonist therapy in Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy
    Kevin J Klos
    Department of Neurology, Division of Movement Disorders, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 11:381-6. 2005
    ..A systematic literature review of pathological hypersexuality in PD revealed similar medication histories; combining these cases with our series, 26 of 29 patients (90%) were on adjuvant dopamine agonists...
  22. ncbi request reprint Autopsy patterns for Parkinson's disease and related disorders in Olmsted County, Minnesota
    D M Maraganore
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 53:1342-4. 1999
    ..The overall autopsy rate was low (23%). Diagnostic certainty (for PD), diagnostic type (PD versus other parkinsonism), sex, age at death, and location at death were important selection factors for autopsy...
  23. ncbi request reprint A limited role for DJ1 in Parkinson disease susceptibility
    D M Maraganore
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurology 63:550-3. 2004
    ..None of the four haplotype tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was associated with PD overall, but SNP1 (position 4,345 bp) and SNP3 (position 16,491 bp) were associated with PD in women (p = 0.03 and p = 0.002)...
  24. ncbi request reprint UCHL1 is associated with Parkinson's disease: a case-unaffected sibling and case-unrelated control study
    Maurizio Facheris
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurosci Lett 381:131-4. 2005
    ..Analyses confirmed a significant inverse association of the UCHL1 S18Y polymorphism with PD overall (OR=0.18, 95% CI=0.05-0.64, p=0.002, recessive model) and in several strata...
  25. ncbi request reprint Risk tables for parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease
    Alexis Elbaz
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 55:25-31. 2002
    ..Lifetime risk estimates are useful in clinical practice, epidemiologic research, and public health...
  26. ncbi request reprint Parkinson's disease in Africa: A systematic review of epidemiologic and genetic studies
    Njideka U Okubadejo
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Mov Disord 21:2150-6. 2006
    ..There are no case-control or cohort studies of PD reported from Africa. This review provides a summary of PD research in Africa over the past 60 years and highlights the information gaps and potential areas for future research...
  27. pmc Pessimistic, anxious, and depressive personality traits predict all-cause mortality: the Mayo Clinic cohort study of personality and aging
    Brandon R Grossardt
    Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:491-500. 2009
    ..To study the association between several personality traits and all-cause mortality...
  28. ncbi request reprint Case-control study of dopamine transporter-1, monoamine oxidase-B, and catechol-O-methyl transferase polymorphisms in Parkinson's disease
    John L Goudreau
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 17:1305-11. 2002
    ..These significant differences at the two-tailed alpha level of 0.05 and restricted to subgroup analyses may have a biological basis or may be chance findings...
  29. ncbi request reprint Number of children and risk of Parkinson's disease
    Roberta Frigerio
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 22:632-9. 2007
    ..The independent replication in two distinct populations and using different epidemiologic study designs may suggest a link between the number of children and PD restricted to men...
  30. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of essential tremor in first-degree relatives of patients with Parkinson's disease
    Walter A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 22:1607-14. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that PD and ET may share familial susceptibility factors...
  31. pmc Frequency of new-onset pathologic compulsive gambling or hypersexuality after drug treatment of idiopathic Parkinson disease
    J Michael Bostwick
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 84:310-6. 2009
    ..To determine the frequency of new-onset compulsive gambling or hypersexuality among regional patients with Parkinson disease (PD), ascertaining the relationship of these behaviors to PD drug use...
  32. ncbi request reprint Whole-body tremulousness: isolated generalized polymyoclonus
    Andrew McKeon
    Department of Neurology, Gonda 8 South, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
    Arch Neurol 64:1318-22. 2007
    ..Acquired generalized repetitive myoclonus may be mistaken for tremor. Distinguishing myoclonus has etiologic and therapeutic implications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Risk of cognitive impairment or dementia in relatives of patients with Parkinson disease
    Walter A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Neurol 64:1458-64. 2007
    ..The evidence for increased risk of dementia in relatives of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) remains conflicting...
  34. doi request reprint Psychogenic tremor: long-term prognosis in patients with electrophysiologically confirmed disease
    Andrew McKeon
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Mov Disord 24:72-6. 2009
    ..037). Physiologically-confirmed psychogenic tremor carries a poor prognosis, with unremitting or worse tremor persisting 3-years after diagnosis in most...
  35. doi request reprint Long-term risk of depressive and anxiety symptoms after early bilateral oophorectomy
    Walter A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Menopause 15:1050-9. 2008
    ..We studied the long-term risk of depressive and anxiety symptoms in women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy before menopause...
  36. doi request reprint The spectrum of disorders presenting as adult-onset focal lower extremity dystonia
    Andrew McKeon
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 14:613-9. 2008
    ..Uncommonly, adult-onset dystonia is confined to one lower extremity. We sought to characterize the clinical spectrum associated with the presenting phenotype of lower limb dystonia including foot torsion...
  37. ncbi request reprint Unusual compulsive behaviors primarily related to dopamine agonist therapy in Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy
    Andrew McKeon
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 13:516-9. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Frequency of movement disorders in an Ethiopian university practice
    James H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Mov Disord 20:1209-13. 2005
    ..This finding underlines the need for adequate training in movement disorders for physicians and neurologists in Africa...
  39. ncbi request reprint Levodopa-dyskinesia incidence by age of Parkinson's disease onset
    Neeraj Kumar
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 20:342-4. 2005
    ..With onset from 40 to 59 years of age, the incidence was higher at 50%. These incidence data may overestimate the functional importance, because patients with minimal or reversible dyskinesias were counted...
  40. ncbi request reprint Case-control study of the alpha-synuclein interacting protein gene and Parkinson's disease
    Demetrius M Maraganore
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 18:1233-9. 2003
    ..0001). Recursive partitioning showed no interactions between variants of the SNCAIP gene and variants of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) or the parkin (PARK2) gene...
  41. ncbi request reprint The Mayo Clinic family study of Parkinson's disease: study design, instruments, and sample characteristics
    Walter A Rocca
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 24:151-67. 2005
    ..Finally, we studied a group of 625 spouses of either cases or controls. Relatives with PD or other neurodegenerative diseases were ascertained using the family study method...
  42. ncbi request reprint Pathological gambling caused by drugs used to treat Parkinson disease
    M Leann Dodd
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Neurol 62:1377-81. 2005
    ..Pathological gambling is a rare potential complication related to treatment of Parkinson disease (PD). However, the etiology of this behavior is poorly understood...
  43. ncbi request reprint Complex interactions in Parkinson's disease: a two-phased approach
    Demetrius M Maraganore
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 18:631-6. 2003
    ..42; P = 0.003). Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that PD is a multigenic disorder of the UPS...
  44. ncbi request reprint Comorbid conditions associated with Parkinson's disease: a population-based study
    Cynthia L Leibson
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 21:446-55. 2006
    ..quot; The excess morbidity and mortality observed for persons with PD are consistent with recognized PD sequelae...
  45. ncbi request reprint The Mayo Clinic cohort study of personality and aging: design and sampling, reliability and validity of instruments, and baseline description
    Walter A Rocca
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 26:119-29. 2006
    ..68, p < 0.0001). This newly established historical cohort study provides opportunities to test hypotheses regarding the link between personality and aging, aging-related diseases, and overall mortality...
  46. ncbi request reprint Familial aggregation of Parkinson's disease: The Mayo Clinic family study
    Walter A Rocca
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Ann Neurol 56:495-502. 2004
    ..62; 95% confidence interval, 1.66-4.15), whereas relatives of probands with later onset had no increased risk. The relative risk decreased when the incidence of all types of parkinsonism was considered...
  47. ncbi request reprint Fracture risk after the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease: Influence of concomitant dementia
    L Joseph Melton
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Mov Disord 21:1361-7. 2006
    ..1). The increased fracture risk in patients with PD is not entirely explained by concomitant dementia, and additional study is needed to determine the relative contributions to fracture risk of falls versus bone loss in these patients...
  48. ncbi request reprint Clinical correlates of the pathology underlying parkinsonism: a population perspective
    James H Bower
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 17:910-6. 2002
    ..Despite this selection bias, the retrospective data collection, and the small sample size, we made several observations that illustrate the difficulty in achieving an accurate antemortem diagnosis of parkinsonism...
  49. ncbi request reprint Nonfatal cancer preceding Parkinson's disease: a case-control study
    Alexis Elbaz
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Epidemiology 13:157-64. 2002
    ..We conducted a population-based case-control study to investigate the association of Parkinson's disease (PD) with preceding nonfatal cancer...
  50. ncbi request reprint Direct medical costs associated with Parkinson's disease: a population-based study
    Cynthia L Leibson
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 21:1864-71. 2006
    ..99, for those with tremor). These population-based estimates of PD-associated direct medical costs from onset forward can uniquely inform policy decisions and cost-effectiveness research...
  51. doi request reprint Bell's palsy preceding Parkinson's disease: a case-control study
    Rodolfo Savica
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 24:1530-3. 2009
    ..5 years (range, 2-54 years). The findings were similar using a standardized incidence ratio (SIR) approach, but were not statistically significant. This initial association between BP and PD awaits replication...
  52. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of depressive and anxiety disorders in relatives of patients with Parkinson disease
    Gennarina Arabia
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1385-92. 2007
    ..Relatives of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have an increased risk of PD and other neurologic disorders; however, their risk of psychiatric disorders remains uncertain...
  53. ncbi request reprint Chemical exposures and Parkinson's disease: a population-based case-control study
    Roberta Frigerio
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Mov Disord 21:1688-92. 2006
    ..This population-based study suggests a link between pesticides use and PD that is restricted to men. Pesticides may interact with other genetic or nongenetic factors that are different in men and women...
  54. doi request reprint Dopamine agonist-triggered pathological behaviors: surveillance in the PD clinic reveals high frequencies
    A Hassan
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 17:260-4. 2011
    ..Compulsive behaviors provoked by dopamine agonists often go undetected in clinical series, especially if not specifically inquired about...
  55. ncbi request reprint Survival study of Parkinson disease in Olmsted County, Minnesota
    Alexis Elbaz
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Neurol 60:91-6. 2003
    ..To compare survival in incident cases of Parkinson disease (PD) with survival in subjects free of PD from the general population...
  56. ncbi request reprint Parkin variants in North American Parkinson's disease: cases and controls
    Sarah J Lincoln
    Department of Neuroscience, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA
    Mov Disord 18:1306-11. 2003
    ..Furthermore, only stratified subanalyses detected any genetic association between the V380L common coding polymorphism and PD. We discuss the implication of parkin mutations for Parkinson's disease from this population perspective...
  57. ncbi request reprint Mapping Africa's way into prominence in the field of neurology
    Mayowa O Owolabi
    Neurology Unit, Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, 200001, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Arch Neurol 64:1696-700. 2007
    ..International collaboration and support are required to improve the number of workers, resources, and research productivity...
  58. ncbi request reprint Neurology training in Africa: the Ethiopian experience
    Mehila Zebenigus
    Department of Neurology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Nat Clin Pract Neurol 3:412-3. 2007
  59. ncbi request reprint Human brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genes, splicing patterns, and assessments of associations with substance abuse and Parkinson's Disease
    Qing Rong Liu
    Molecular Neurobiology Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse Intramural Research Program NIDA IRP, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 134:93-103. 2005
    ..Association studies of BDNF variants reveal no associations with Parkinson's disease. Comparisons between substance abusers and controls reveal modest associations. These findings increase interest in this diverse human gene...