L R Young

Summary

Affiliation: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Models for neurovestibular adaptation
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Mass Ave, Rm 37 29, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA
    J Vestib Res 13:297-307. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Postural performance of vestibular loss patients under increased postural threat
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 4305, USA
    J Vestib Res 22:129-38. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint Adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, subjective tilt, and motion sickness to head movements during short-radius centrifugation
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 13:65-77. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint Short radius intermittent centrifugation as a countermeasure to bed-rest and 0-G deconditioning: IMAG pilot study summary and recommendations for research
    Laurence R Young
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Man Vehicle Lab, 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 14:P31-3. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Optimal estimator models for spatial orientation and vestibular nystagmus
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA
    Exp Brain Res 210:465-76. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Vestibular reactions to spaceflight: human factors issues
    L R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:A100-4. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Artificial gravity considerations for a mars exploration mission
    L R Young
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 871:367-78. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Artificial gravity: head movements during short-radius centrifugation
    L R Young
    Man Vehicle Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:215-26. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint The effect of head turn velocity on cross-coupled stimulation during centrifugation
    Scott E Sheehan
    Man Vehicle Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 18:1-14. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Orientation illusions and heart-rate changes during short-radius centrifugation
    H Hecht
    Man Vehicle Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 11:115-27. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. ncbi request reprint Models for neurovestibular adaptation
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Mass Ave, Rm 37 29, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA
    J Vestib Res 13:297-307. 2003
    ..It emphasizes the continuing relevance of both "model reference" and "error pattern recognition" notions of adaptive control...
  2. ncbi request reprint Postural performance of vestibular loss patients under increased postural threat
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 4305, USA
    J Vestib Res 22:129-38. 2012
    ..The effects of height on postural control can be attributable to an increase in postural threat and attention changes resulting from modifications in perception...
  3. ncbi request reprint Adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, subjective tilt, and motion sickness to head movements during short-radius centrifugation
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 13:65-77. 2003
    ..Practical implications of these findings are discussed with particular emphasis on artificial gravity, which could be produced in weightlessness by means of a short-radius (2 m) rotator...
  4. ncbi request reprint Short radius intermittent centrifugation as a countermeasure to bed-rest and 0-G deconditioning: IMAG pilot study summary and recommendations for research
    Laurence R Young
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Man Vehicle Lab, 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 14:P31-3. 2007
    ..The directions for extension of artificial gravity (AG) research to make it practical for extended space voyages are presented...
  5. doi request reprint Optimal estimator models for spatial orientation and vestibular nystagmus
    Laurence R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA
    Exp Brain Res 210:465-76. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Vestibular reactions to spaceflight: human factors issues
    L R Young
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:A100-4. 2000
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Artificial gravity considerations for a mars exploration mission
    L R Young
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 871:367-78. 1999
    ..Head movements and resultant Coriolis forces on the rotating platform may limit the usefulness of economical short centrifuges for other than brief periods of intermittent stimulation...
  8. ncbi request reprint Artificial gravity: head movements during short-radius centrifugation
    L R Young
    Man Vehicle Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:215-26. 2001
    ..Vertical nystagmus, motion sickness and illusory tilt all decreased with adaptation. Consequences for artificial gravity produced by short-radius centrifuges as a countermeasure are discussed. Grant numbers: NCC 9-58...
  9. ncbi request reprint The effect of head turn velocity on cross-coupled stimulation during centrifugation
    Scott E Sheehan
    Man Vehicle Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 18:1-14. 2008
    ..These results suggest that HT velocity modulation could provide a practical means of incremental adaptation to CCS during SRC...
  10. ncbi request reprint Orientation illusions and heart-rate changes during short-radius centrifugation
    H Hecht
    Man Vehicle Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 11:115-27. 2001
    ..Also, large inter-individual differences in direction, magnitude, and quality of the illusory body tilt were observed. The results have implications for subject screening and prediction of subjective tolerance for centrifugation...
  11. ncbi request reprint Sensorimotor aspects of high-speed artificial gravity: II. The effect of head position on illusory self motion
    F W Mast
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    J Vestib Res 12:283-9. 2002
    ..The results are discussed with respect to artificial gravity in space and the possible role of pre-adaptation to cross-coupled angular accelerations on earth...
  12. ncbi request reprint Threshold-based vestibular adaptation to cross-coupled canal stimulation
    Carol C Cheung
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 01803 4903, USA
    J Vestib Res 17:171-81. 2007
    ..Moreover, motion sickness symptoms could be avoided and a limited carry over of the adaptive state to stronger stimulation at 23 rpm was found. The results are compared to prior studies which adapted subjects to super-threshold stimuli...
  13. doi request reprint Neurovestibular effects of bed rest and centrifugation
    T Jarchow
    Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA
    J Vestib Res 20:45-51. 2010
    ..The SPP estimates for the upper and lower body failed to reflect the massive gravity gradient between head and feet, and subjects generally reported a single tilt for the whole body...
  14. ncbi request reprint The dynamic contributions of the otolith organs to human ocular torsion
    D M Merfeld
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
    Exp Brain Res 110:315-21. 1996
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Vestibular adaptation to centrifugation does not transfer across planes of head rotation
    Ian Garrick-Bethell
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Vestib Res 18:25-37. 2008
    ..Adapting astronauts to unconstrained head movements while rotating will likely require exposure to head movements in all planes and directions...
  16. doi request reprint Asymmetry in vestibular responses to cross-coupled stimulus
    Jaime Mateus
    Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Exp Brain Res 209:561-9. 2011
    ..An alternative perceived danger hypothesis that matches the data from all three experiments is proposed...
  17. doi request reprint Incremental adaptation to yaw head turns during 30 RPM centrifugation
    Paul Z Elias
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Exp Brain Res 189:269-77. 2008
    ..Feasibility of head movements during 30 RPM rotation was demonstrated with only 3 days of incremental training...
  18. pmc Partial weight suspension: a novel murine model for investigating adaptation to reduced musculoskeletal loading
    Erika B Wagner
    Division of Health Science and Technology, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Appl Physiol 109:350-7. 2010
    ..Altogether, these data provide strong rationale for use of our new model of partial weight bearing to further explore the musculoskeletal response to reduced loading environments...
  19. ncbi request reprint Adapting to artificial gravity (AG) at high rotational speeds
    Heiko Hecht
    Man Vehicle Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 9:P1-5. 2002
    ..It also generalizes quickly to Coriolis forces in the opposite direction. Implications for AG implementation are discussed...
  20. ncbi request reprint Adaptation of VOR to Coriolis stimulation
    Sophie Adenot
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Bldg 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1039:88-96. 2005
    ..The amplitude of the fitted SPV exponential is divided by omega(c) sin theta to obtain the normalized SPV. A and tau are shown to behave differently as subjects adapt to repeated head movements of different amplitudes...
  21. ncbi request reprint A stair-stepper for exercising on a short-radius centrifuge
    Jessica L Edmonds
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:129-34. 2007
    ..One requirement for long-duration spaceflight is provisions for exercise to prevent deconditioning. We evaluated the feasibility of using a stair-stepper on a short-radius centrifuge for this purpose...
  22. ncbi request reprint Sensorimotor aspects of high-speed artificial gravity: I. Sensory conflict in vestibular adaptation
    Erika L Brown
    Man Vehicle Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Vestib Res 12:271-82. 2002
    ..A simple correlation between the strength of intersensory conflict and the efficacy of adaptation fails to explain the data. Implications of these findings, which differ from existing data for low rotation rates, are discussed...
  23. ncbi request reprint Centrifugation protocol for the NASA Artificial Gravity-Bed Rest Pilot Study
    Maneesh Arya
    Wyle Life Sciences, 1290 Hercules, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 14:P5-8. 2007
    ..Control subjects were instrumented but did not receive any centrifugation. This paper provides details on the centrifuge protocol development and efficacy...
  24. ncbi request reprint Artificial gravity--head movements during short-radius centrifugation: influence of cognitive effects
    Philippe Meliga
    Man Vehicle Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Acta Astronaut 56:859-66. 2005
    ..No significant difference in habituation was observed between the "fight" and "go" trials...
  25. ncbi request reprint The International Space Station at risk
    Laurence R Young
    Science 296:429. 2002