Suzan Carmichael

Summary

Affiliation: March of Dimes
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc 118 SNPs of folate-related genes and risks of spina bifida and conotruncal heart defects
    Gary M Shaw
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    BMC Med Genet 10:49. 2009
  2. ncbi request reprint Maternal corticosteroid use and orofacial clefts
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:585.e1-7; discussion 683-4, e1-7. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Hypospadias and intake of nutrients related to one-carbon metabolism
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California, USA
    J Urol 181:315-21; discussion 321. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Craniosynostosis and maternal smoking
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Foundation, California Research Division, Oakland, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:78-85. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Nutrient pathways and neural tube defects: a semi-Bayesian hierarchical analysis
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Epidemiology 20:67-73. 2009
  6. pmc Maternal corticosteroid use and hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    J Pediatr 155:39-44, 44.e1. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Prepregnancy obesity: a complex risk factor for selected birth defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, 5700 Martin Luther King, Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:804-10. 2010
  8. pmc Markers of acculturation and risk of NTDs among Hispanic women in California
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:755-62. 2008
  9. pmc Periconceptional nutrient intakes and risks of neural tube defects in California
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California 94609 1673, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:670-8. 2010
  10. pmc Hypospadias and halogenated organic pollutant levels in maternal mid-pregnancy serum samples
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Chemosphere 80:641-6. 2010

Research Grants

  1. Exogenous Stressors and Birth Defects Risks
    Suzan Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Genes, environmental exposures, and hypospadias
    Suzan Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Genes, environmental exposures, and hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Genes, environmental exposures, and hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. pmc 118 SNPs of folate-related genes and risks of spina bifida and conotruncal heart defects
    Gary M Shaw
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    BMC Med Genet 10:49. 2009
    ..Investigations into genetic variation that influences transport and metabolism of folate will help fill this data gap. We focused on 118 SNPs involved in folate transport and metabolism...
  2. ncbi request reprint Maternal corticosteroid use and orofacial clefts
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:585.e1-7; discussion 683-4, e1-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether maternal corticosteroid use during pregnancy is associated with delivering an infant with an orofacial cleft...
  3. doi request reprint Hypospadias and intake of nutrients related to one-carbon metabolism
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California, USA
    J Urol 181:315-21; discussion 321. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Craniosynostosis and maternal smoking
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Foundation, California Research Division, Oakland, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:78-85. 2008
    ..Several previous studies suggested increased risk of craniosynostosis among infants born to women who smoked...
  5. doi request reprint Nutrient pathways and neural tube defects: a semi-Bayesian hierarchical analysis
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Epidemiology 20:67-73. 2009
    ..The hierarchical approach produces more plausible, more stable estimates than the conventional approach, while adjusting for potential confounding by other nutrients...
  6. pmc Maternal corticosteroid use and hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    J Pediatr 155:39-44, 44.e1. 2009
    ..To explore whether women who reported corticosteroid use during pregnancy were more likely to deliver an infant with hypospadias than women who did not...
  7. doi request reprint Prepregnancy obesity: a complex risk factor for selected birth defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, 5700 Martin Luther King, Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:804-10. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Markers of acculturation and risk of NTDs among Hispanic women in California
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:755-62. 2008
    ..It also examines whether known NTD risk factors explain observed differences in risk among Hispanic women who are more and less acculturated...
  9. pmc Periconceptional nutrient intakes and risks of neural tube defects in California
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California 94609 1673, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:670-8. 2010
    ....
  10. pmc Hypospadias and halogenated organic pollutant levels in maternal mid-pregnancy serum samples
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Chemosphere 80:641-6. 2010
    ..Environmental contaminants that disrupt endocrine function may contribute to hypospadias etiology...
  11. pmc Socioeconomic measures, orofacial clefts, and conotruncal heart defects in California
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 85:850-7. 2009
    ..To examine the association of multiple measures of socioeconomic status (SES) with risks of orofacial clefts and conotruncal heart defects...
  12. ncbi request reprint Neural tube defects associated with maternal periconceptional dietary intake of simple sugars and glycemic index
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:972-8. 2003
    ..The interdependence of these factors suggests a common pathogenesis via altered glycemic control and insulin demand...
  13. pmc Nested case-control study of one-carbon metabolites in mid-pregnancy and risks of cleft lip with and without cleft palate
    Gary M Shaw
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, 94305, USA
    Pediatr Res 66:501-6. 2009
    ..These data did not show meaningful differences between cases and controls for any other analytes...
  14. ncbi request reprint Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) genetic variants, maternal smoking, vitamin use, and risk of human orofacial clefts
    Gary M Shaw
    California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1207-14. 2005
    ..6, 95% CI: 2.1, 10.2; for 894T, OR = 4.4, 95% CI: 1.8, 10.7). No similar patterns were observed for risk of cleft palate...
  15. doi request reprint Choline and risk of neural tube defects in a folate-fortified population
    Gary M Shaw
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    Epidemiology 20:714-9. 2009
    ..Even so, NTDs continue to occur despite individual supplementation or population fortification with folic acid. We investigated other nutrients related to one-carbon metabolism that may affect NTD risk...
  16. ncbi request reprint Hypospadias and maternal exposures to cigarette smoke
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:406-12. 2005
    ..This analysis does not confirm a recent report suggesting that maternal smoking is associated with a reduced risk of having offspring with hypospadias...
  17. ncbi request reprint Periconceptional dietary intake of choline and betaine and neural tube defects in offspring
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:102-9. 2004
    ..17 (95% confidence interval: 0.04, 0.76). Study findings for dietary components other than folic acid offer additional clues about the complex etiologies of NTDs...
  18. ncbi request reprint Maternal nutrient intakes and risk of orofacial clefts
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Epidemiology 17:285-91. 2006
    ..Information about nutritional factors as potential risks of orofacial clefts is limited...
  19. doi request reprint Mid-pregnancy cotinine and risks of orofacial clefts and neural tube defects
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes California Research Division, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    J Pediatr 154:17-9. 2009
    ..We have correlated measurements of cotinine (a nicotine metabolite) in mid-pregnancy sera with clefts and NTDs...
  20. ncbi request reprint Risks of human limb deficiency anomalies associated with 29 SNPs of genes involved in homocysteine metabolism, coagulation, cell-cell interactions, inflammatory response, and blood pressure regulation
    Suzan L Carmichael
    California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, Berkeley, California 94710, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 140:2433-40. 2006
    ..These results suggest involvement of genetic variation of biologically relevant candidate genes, and gene-environment interaction, for some limb anomalies whose pathogenesis may be related to altered vascular tone or integrity...
  21. doi request reprint Association of microtia with maternal obesity and periconceptional folic acid use
    Chen Ma
    California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King, Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 152:2756-61. 2010
    ..This analysis suggests that maternal periconceptional intake of folic-acid-containing supplements may provide protection from microtia for non-obese women...
  22. doi request reprint Trends in the probability of twins and males in California, 1983-2003
    Jill Hardin
    March of Dimes, California Research Division, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 12:93-102. 2009
    ..The cause of the increase in twins is unknown but coincides with trends towards delayed childbearing and increased use of subfertility treatments...
  23. ncbi request reprint Maternal reproductive and demographic characteristics as risk factors for hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21:210-8. 2007
    ..Although the potential contribution of underlying maternal endocrine parameters to the current findings are unknown, the results do provide clues regarding hypospadias aetiology that merit further investigation...
  24. ncbi request reprint Nutrient intakes in women and risks of anophthalmia and microphthalmia in their offspring
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Research Division, Oakland, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 79:708-13. 2007
    ..In this population-based case-control study we investigated whether periconceptional intakes of supplemental folic acid, dietary folate, vitamin A, and several other nutrients were associated with these eye defects...
  25. doi request reprint The estimated probability of dizygotic twins: a comparison of two methods
    Jill Hardin
    March of Dimes, California Research Division, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 12:79-85. 2009
    ..Using the above general maximum likelihood estimate, the probability of a dizygotic twin is subject to substantial variation that is largely a function of twin data ascertainment method...
  26. doi request reprint Nutrient intakes in women and congenital diaphragmatic hernia in their offspring
    Wei Yang
    March of Dimes, California Research Division, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:131-8. 2008
    ..The etiologies of CDH remain unknown, although experimental animal data suggest dietary factors might play a role. This study examined whether maternal nutrient intakes were associated with delivering infants with CDH...
  27. doi request reprint NTD prevalences in central California before and after folic acid fortification
    Brian H Chen
    March of Dimes Foundation, California Research Division, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:547-52. 2008
    ..This study examined whether the declining prefortification (1989-1996) NTD prevalences continued into the postfortification period (1998-2003) in selected California counties...
  28. pmc Prepregnant obesity and risks of selected birth defects in offspring
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes, California Research Division, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA, USA
    Epidemiology 19:616-20. 2008
    ..We investigated the previously observed association between obesity and spina bifida and also possible associations between obesity and other birth defects...
  29. doi request reprint Periconceptional glycaemic load and intake of sugars and their association with neural tube defects in offspring
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes, California Research Division, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:514-9. 2008
    ..The reasons for current findings to be inconsistent with previous findings are unknown...
  30. ncbi request reprint Limb deficiency defects, MSX1, and exposure to tobacco smoke
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California 94710, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 125:285-9. 2004
    ..This finding contrasts with results of a previous study, which provided initial evidence for such an interaction. Several important methodological differences may have contributed to the differences in findings between the two studies...
  31. ncbi request reprint Maternal periconceptional vitamins: interactions with selected factors and congenital anomalies?
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California 94606, USA
    Epidemiology 13:625-30. 2002
    ..We hypothesized that effects of congenital anomalies associated with maternal fever, cigarette smoking or alcohol use would be modified by intake of vitamins...
  32. ncbi request reprint Risks of human conotruncal heart defects associated with 32 single nucleotide polymorphisms of selected cardiovascular disease-related genes
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley 94710, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 138:21-6. 2005
    ..In particular, NPPA appears to be a good candidate gene for conotruncal defects and warrants further investigation...
  33. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic status and risk of conotruncal heart defects and orofacial clefts
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, CA 94710, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 17:264-71. 2003
    ..4 for dTGA, and ORs for all six measures were < 0.7 for TOF. ORs for clefts tended to be closer to 1. This study suggests that SES risks are birth defect specific...
  34. ncbi request reprint Dieting behaviors and risk of neural tube defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1127-31. 2003
    ..7, 95% confidence interval: 0.7, 10.2). This study suggests that maternal dieting behaviors involving restricted food intake during the first trimester may be associated with increased NTD risk...
  35. ncbi request reprint Congenital malformations in births with orofacial clefts among 3.6 million California births, 1983-1997
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California 94710, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 125:250-6. 2004
    ..These observed patterns tended to be similar for CP and for CLP...
  36. pmc Occurrence of low birthweight and preterm delivery among California infants before and after compulsory food fortification with folic acid
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:170-3. 2004
    ..S. The objective of this study was to investigate the frequencies of low birthweight and preterm delivery after mandatory folic acid fortification among approximately six million California births...
  37. ncbi request reprint Congenital malformations in offspring of Hispanic and African-American women in California, 1989-1997
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, California 94710, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 70:382-8. 2004
    ..Little is known about risks of most specific birth defects among infants born to U.S.-born and foreign-born Hispanic or African-American women...
  38. ncbi request reprint Congenital malformations co-occurring with hypospadias in California, 1983-1997
    Wei Yang
    March of Dimes, California Research Division, Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:2627-34. 2007
    ..Computations were extended to 4-digit level BPA codes. Almost all observed relative risks for malformations co-occurring with hypospadias overall and three subgroups were less than 1...
  39. ncbi request reprint Risk of limb deficiency defects associated with NAT1, NAT2, GSTT1, GSTM1, and NOS3 genetic variants, maternal smoking, and vitamin supplement intake
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, California 94710, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 140:1915-22. 2006
    ..Further studies exploring genetic susceptibility and combined gene-environment effects with respect to limb development will be important to continued improvement of our understanding of the etiology of limb anomalies...
  40. pmc Maternal stressful life events and risks of birth defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation, California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Epidemiology 18:356-61. 2007
    ..Several previous studies suggest that maternal stress may be associated with increased risk of certain birth defects. This study examined the association of maternal stressful life events with risks of several birth defects...
  41. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic characteristics of congenital diaphragmatic hernia among 2.5 million California births, 1989-1997
    Wei Yang
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, California 94710, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 76:170-4. 2006
    ..The aims of the current report were to extend the literature on the descriptive epidemiology of CDH and to determine whether its mortality rate decreased in California during the study period...
  42. ncbi request reprint Social networks and risk of neural tube defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, CA 94606 5226, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:129-33. 2003
    ..This study is the first to investigate the association between social networks and risk of NTDs. Stronger inferences await replication and extension of these results...
  43. ncbi request reprint Maternal periconceptional alcohol consumption and risk for conotruncal heart defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:875-8. 2003
    ..e., 1 month before conception to 3 months after conception)...
  44. ncbi request reprint Congenital malformations in offspring of Vietnamese women in California, 1985-97
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California 94606, USA
    Teratology 65:121-4. 2002
    ..Little is known about reproductive outcome risks for Vietnamese women delivering infants and fetuses in the U.S...
  45. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic characteristics of anophthalmia and bilateral microphthalmia among 2.5 million births in California, 1989-1997
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 137:36-40. 2005
    ..These data show descriptive epidemiologic features of anophthalmia and bilateral microphthalmia...
  46. ncbi request reprint Periconceptional dietary intake of myo-inositol and neural tube defects in offspring
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, 1917 Fifth St, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 73:184-7. 2005
    ..We investigated whether maternal periconceptional dietary intake of myo-inositol influenced NTD risk...
  47. ncbi request reprint Timing of prenatal care initiation and risk of congenital malformations
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California 94606, USA
    Teratology 66:326-30. 2002
    ..This study uses data from a large population-based registry to explore the association of timing of prenatal care initiation with risks of selected congenital malformation phenotypes...
  48. ncbi request reprint Risks of selected congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity
    Juan Yang
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defect Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 70:820-4. 2004
    ..Little is known about the occurrence of specific congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity...
  49. ncbi request reprint Food fortification with folic acid and twinning among California infants
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California 94606, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 119:137-40. 2003
    ..Our results do not suggest a change in twinning prevalence associated with folic acid fortification of the US food supply among women delivering in California...
  50. ncbi request reprint Hypospadias in California: trends and descriptive epidemiology
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland, California, USA
    Epidemiology 14:701-6. 2003
    ..We used actively ascertained, population-based data for which detailed clinical descriptions permitted careful phenotypic classifications...
  51. ncbi request reprint Maternal progestin intake and risk of hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, 1017 Fifth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:957-62. 2005
    ..Progesterone and its derivatives are commonly prescribed during early pregnancy, for example, in cases of luteal phase dysfunction and in conjunction with ovulation stimulation drugs...
  52. ncbi request reprint Differential risks to males and females for congenital malformations among 2.5 million California births, 1989-1997
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, California 94710, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:953-8. 2003
    ..Although many studies have observed variations in the prevalence of specific malformations by sex, there is a lack of population-based data on potential malformation prevalence differences by sex at birth...
  53. pmc Chromosomal abnormalities among children born with conotruncal cardiac defects
    Edward J Lammer
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 85:30-5. 2009
    ..This study describes the frequency of chromosome abnormalities and microdeletion of 22q11 associated among infants and fetuses delivered with conotruncal heart malformations...
  54. ncbi request reprint Association between 49 infant gene polymorphisms and preterm delivery
    Brian H Chen
    California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, March of Dimes Foundation, Berkeley, California 94710, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:1990-6. 2007
    ..4, 95% CI = 0.2-0.8). This finding suggests the coagulation/thrombophilic pathway may influence the development of preterm delivery...
  55. pmc Maternal food insecurity is associated with increased risk of certain birth defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA
    J Nutr 137:2087-92. 2007
    ..e. 2), the corresponding OR was 1.16 (95% CI 0.96, 1.38). This study suggests that increased risks of certain birth defects may be included among the negative consequences of food insecurity...
  56. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic characteristics of anotia and microtia in California, 1989-1997
    Gary M Shaw
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 70:472-5. 2004
    ..There is a paucity of epidemiologic information about the external ear malformations anotia and microtia...
  57. ncbi request reprint Maternal thyroid disease as a risk factor for craniosynostosis
    Sonja A Rasmussen
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 110:369-77. 2007
    ..To study the relationship between maternal thyroid disease and craniosynostosis using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite, case-control study...
  58. pmc Maternal periconceptional smoking and alcohol consumption and risk for select congenital anomalies
    Jagteshwar Grewal
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:519-26. 2008
    ..e., 2 months before through 2 months after conception) and the risk of orofacial clefts, NTDs, and conotruncal heart defects in offspring...
  59. ncbi request reprint Diet quality and risk of neural tube defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Oakland 94606, USA
    Med Hypotheses 60:351-5. 2003
    ..Stratified analyses suggested that the effect may be restricted to certain groups of women who may be at greater nutritional risk (i.e., women who did not take vitamin supplements or regularly consume breakfast cereals before pregnancy)...
  60. ncbi request reprint Gene-nutrient interactions: importance of folates and retinoids during early embryogenesis
    Richard H Finnell
    Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A and M University System Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 198:75-85. 2004
    ..Although not exhaustive, our goal was to provide an overview of important gene-nutrient interactions and a framework for their investigation...
  61. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and risk of neural tube defects
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation California Department of Health Services, Oakland 94606 5226, USA
    Matern Child Health J 6:151-7. 2002
    ..Owing to its association with known risk factors for neural tube defects (NTDs) and its impact on physiologic processes relevant to fetal development, physical activity was identified as a potential risk factor for NTD-affected pregnancy...

Research Grants8

  1. Exogenous Stressors and Birth Defects Risks
    Suzan Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will enhance scientific understanding of the causes of several common, costly, often deadly birth defects, which will undoubtedly have important implications for their risk assessment and prevention. ..
  2. Genes, environmental exposures, and hypospadias
    Suzan Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Genes, environmental exposures, and hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  4. Genes, environmental exposures, and hypospadias
    Suzan L Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....