S Tonstad

Summary

Affiliation: Loma Linda University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:791-6. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Treatment of lipid disorders in obesity
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, 24951 North Circle Drive, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 9:1069-80. 2011
  3. pmc Vegan diets and hypothyroidism
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Nutrients 5:4642-52. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Niccine®, a nicotine vaccine, for relapse prevention: a phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ulleval, Norway
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:1492-501. 2013
  5. pmc Health related quality of life after gastric bypass or intensive lifestyle intervention: a controlled clinical study
    Tor Ivar Karlsen
    Morbid Obesity Centre, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Tønsberg, Norway
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 11:17. 2013
  6. pmc Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health Study-2
    S Tonstad
    Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Department of Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23:292-9. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Efficacy of a dose range of surinabant, a cannabinoid receptor blocker, for smoking cessation: a randomized controlled clinical trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Oslo University Hospital, Department of Preventive Cardiology Ullevål, Oslo, Norway
    J Psychopharmacol 26:1003-9. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking, smoking cessation, and diabetes
    Serena Tonstad
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 85:4-13. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Practical implementation of varenicline as an aid to smoking cessation in clinical practice
    Serena Tonstad
    Loma Linda School of Public Health LLU SPH, Norway
    Pneumologia 58:167-74. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Varenicline in smoking cessation
    Serena Tonstad
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Expert Rev Respir Med 4:291-9. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. pmc Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:791-6. 2009
    ..We assessed the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in people following different types of vegetarian diets compared with that in nonvegetarians...
  2. doi request reprint Treatment of lipid disorders in obesity
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, 24951 North Circle Drive, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 9:1069-80. 2011
    ..After weight loss surgery, the absolute risk of cardiovascular disease should be reassessed, but tools to facilitate risk assessment need to be developed...
  3. pmc Vegan diets and hypothyroidism
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Nutrients 5:4642-52. 2013
    ..Following a vegan diet tended to be protective (OR 0.78, 95% CI: 0.59-1.03, not statistically significant). In conclusion, a vegan diet tended to be associated with lower, not higher, risk of hypothyroid disease. ..
  4. doi request reprint Niccine®, a nicotine vaccine, for relapse prevention: a phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ulleval, Norway
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:1492-501. 2013
    ..Niccine® is a nicotine hapten tetanus-toxoid conjugate vaccine. The present study evaluated the clinical efficacy of Niccine for tobacco smoking relapse prevention...
  5. pmc Health related quality of life after gastric bypass or intensive lifestyle intervention: a controlled clinical study
    Tor Ivar Karlsen
    Morbid Obesity Centre, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Tønsberg, Norway
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 11:17. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that RYGB would be associated with larger improvements in HRQL than a part residential intensive lifestyle-intervention program (ILI) with morbidly obese subjects...
  6. pmc Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health Study-2
    S Tonstad
    Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Department of Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23:292-9. 2013
    ..To evaluate the relationship of diet to incident diabetes among non-Black and Black participants in the Adventist Health Study-2...
  7. doi request reprint Efficacy of a dose range of surinabant, a cannabinoid receptor blocker, for smoking cessation: a randomized controlled clinical trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Oslo University Hospital, Department of Preventive Cardiology Ullevål, Oslo, Norway
    J Psychopharmacol 26:1003-9. 2012
    ..Surinabant did not improve smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, but had a small effect on reducing post-cessation weight gain...
  8. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking, smoking cessation, and diabetes
    Serena Tonstad
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 85:4-13. 2009
    ..Smoking cessation in diabetes therefore remains a highly relevant subject for further research...
  9. ncbi request reprint Practical implementation of varenicline as an aid to smoking cessation in clinical practice
    Serena Tonstad
    Loma Linda School of Public Health LLU SPH, Norway
    Pneumologia 58:167-74. 2009
    ..Practical suggestions are made for implementing smoking cessation with varenicline...
  10. doi request reprint Varenicline in smoking cessation
    Serena Tonstad
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Expert Rev Respir Med 4:291-9. 2010
    ..A review of placebo-controlled studies found that varenicline was not associated with self-reported neuropsychiatric symptoms, with the exception of sleep disorders. Data in smokers with psychiatric problems are limited...
  11. doi request reprint Dianicline, a novel α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist, for smoking cessation: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ulleval, Oslo, Norway
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:1-6. 2011
    ..Varenicline is efficacious for smoking cessation, while cytisine has not been studied systematically. The efficacy of dianicline has not been previously tested in an adequately powered study...
  12. pmc C-reactive protein as a predictor of disease in smokers and former smokers: a review
    S Tonstad
    School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 63:1634-41. 2009
    ..Improvements in assays for protein markers of inflammation have led to many studies on these factors and their roles in disease...
  13. pmc Relationship of vitamin D levels to blood pressure in a biethnic population
    R Sakamoto
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, 24951 North Circle Drive, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23:776-84. 2013
    ..Blacks tend to have lower vitamin D levels than Whites, but it is unclear whether this difference explains the higher blood pressure (BP) observed in Blacks in a population with healthy lifestyle practices...
  14. pmc Low dose colestipol in adolescents with familial hypercholesterolaemia
    S Tonstad
    Medical Department A, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Arch Dis Child 74:157-60. 1996
    ..Although low dose colestipol effectively reduces low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, only a minority of adolescents adhered to the new formulation for one year. Folate and possibly vitamin D supplementation is recommended...
  15. ncbi request reprint Follow-up of diet and cardiovascular risk factors 20 years after cessation of intervention in the Oslo Diet and Antismoking Study
    I Ellingsen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:378-85. 2006
    ..To test the long-term maintenance of lifestyle change, we examined diet and cardiovascular risk factors in subjects initially randomised to the control and intervention groups 20 years after cessation of the intervention...
  16. ncbi request reprint Consumption of fruit and berries is inversely associated with carotid atherosclerosis in elderly men
    I Ellingsen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0047 Oslo, Norway
    Br J Nutr 99:674-81. 2008
    ..5 % adjusted difference in mean IMT. These findings suggest that consumption of fruit and berries may be protective against carotid atherosclerosis in elderly men at high risk of CVD...
  17. doi request reprint Plant sterols from rapeseed and tall oils: effects on lipids, fat-soluble vitamins and plant sterol concentrations
    E Heggen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 20:258-65. 2010
    ..We evaluated the effects of plant sterols from rapeseed and tall oils on serum lipids, lipoproteins, fat-soluble vitamins and plant sterol concentrations...
  18. ncbi request reprint Risk factors related to carotid intima-media thickness and plaque in children with familial hypercholesterolemia and control subjects
    S Tonstad
    Medical Department A, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 16:984-91. 1996
    ..B-mode ultrasonography may prove to be a useful tool in risk stratification of children with FH...
  19. doi request reprint Kiwifruit decreases blood pressure and whole-blood platelet aggregation in male smokers
    A Karlsen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    J Hum Hypertens 27:126-30. 2013
    ..009 and P=0.034). No effects on these parameters were observed in the antioxidant-rich diet group. This study suggest that intake of kiwifruit may have beneficial effects on BP and platelet aggregation in male smokers...
  20. ncbi request reprint Association between plasma total homocysteine and parental history of cardiovascular disease in children with familial hypercholesterolemia
    S Tonstad
    Lipid Clinic, Medical Department A, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Circulation 96:1803-8. 1997
    ..Because individuals with familial hyperlipidemias have an exceptionally high risk of premature CVD, we explored the relationship between tHcy and parental history of CVD in children with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)...
  21. ncbi request reprint Action levels for obesity treatment in 40 to 42-y-old men and women compared with action levels for prevention of coronary heart disease
    S Tonstad
    Preventive Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Ulleval Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1698-704. 2001
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Effect of smoking cessation on markers of inflammation and endothelial cell activation among individuals with high risk for cardiovascular disease
    B Halvorsen
    Institute for Internal Medicine Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Clin Lab Invest 67:604-11. 2007
    ..To prospectively determine the effect of smoking cessation on markers of inflammation and endothelial cell activation...
  23. doi request reprint Effects of a low glycemic load diet versus a low-fat diet in subjects with and without the metabolic syndrome
    T O Klemsdal
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Center for Preventive Medicine, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Kirkeveien 166, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 20:195-201. 2010
    ..The study aim was to compare a low glycemic load (LGL) diet versus a low-fat diet in a trial with a moderately intense dietary intervention in subjects with varying degrees of metabolic syndrome...
  24. ncbi request reprint Under-reporting of dietary intake by smoking and non-smoking subjects counselled for hypercholesterolaemia
    S Tonstad
    Medical Department A, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Intern Med 245:337-44. 1999
    ..We asked whether under-reporting of energy and cigarette smoking were associated with choice of foods and dietary composition amongst subjects with hypercholesterolaemia who had received dietary instruction to lower serum cholesterol...
  25. doi request reprint The long-term influence of orlistat on dietary intake in obese subjects with components of metabolic syndrome
    M Svendsen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Hum Nutr Diet 22:55-63. 2009
    ..The present study examined the effect of orlistat on dietary intake, especially fat intake, during long-term weight maintenance...
  26. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of low-dose lovastatin combined with low-dose colestipol in moderate to severe primary hypercholesterolaemia
    S Tonstad
    Department of Medicine A, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Clin Lab Invest 53:457-63. 1993
    ..No change was seen in the placebo group. Thus, low-dose combination therapy with lovastatin and colestipol, in conjunction with dietary treatment, is effective in moderate to severe primary hypercholesterolaemia, and is well tolerated...
  27. ncbi request reprint Stratification of risk in children with familial hypercholesterolemia with focus on psychosocial issues
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Preventive Medicine Center, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 11:64-7. 2001
    ..This paper discusses the clinical implications of making a diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) in children and data on psychosocial issues...
  28. ncbi request reprint Identifying obese women most at risk from cardiovascular disease
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Center for Preventive Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:S19-25; discussion S31-2. 2007
    ..Weight loss and lifestyle changes that have been shown to improve risk-factor profiles are crucial interventions and should be considered, even if standard risk calculators do not indicate an elevated cardiovascular risk...
  29. pmc Mothers' negative affectivity during pregnancy and food choices for their infants
    S E Hampson
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA 2 Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Blindern, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:327-31. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze whether maternal negative affectivity assessed in pregnancy is related with subsequent infant food choices...
  30. ncbi request reprint Colestipol tablets in adolescents with familial hypercholesterolaemia
    S Tonstad
    Lipid Clinic, Medical Department A, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Paediatr 85:1080-2. 1996
    ..All preferred the tablets to resin granules they had tried previously. We conclude that low-dose colestipol tablets appear to be safe and effective, and are preferred by adolescents...
  31. ncbi request reprint Undertreatment and overtreatment with statins: the Oslo Health Study 2000-2001
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Preventive Medicine Clinic, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Intern Med 255:494-502. 2004
    ..We examined the prevalence and factors associated with use of cholesterol-lowering statins in the population...
  32. ncbi request reprint Dietary adherence in children with familial hypercholesterolemia
    S Tonstad
    Medical Department A, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 65:1018-26. 1997
    ..We conclude that adherence to fat restriction among children treated for familial hypercholesterolemia is associated with increased micronutrient density, decreased energy density, and psychosocial factors that facilitate adherence...
  33. ncbi request reprint The effect of an increased intake of vegetables and fruit on weight loss, blood pressure and antioxidant defense in subjects with sleep related breathing disorders
    M Svendsen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1301-11. 2007
    ..To assess the effect of an increased consumption of vegetables and fruit on body weight, risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and antioxidant defense in obese patients with sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD)...
  34. ncbi request reprint A rational approach to treating hypercholesterolaemia in children. Weighing the risks and benefits
    S Tonstad
    Ulleval Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Drug Saf 16:330-41. 1997
    ..Drug treatment should be restricted to children who are at exceptionally high risk of disease, usually those with genetic dyslipidaemias...
  35. ncbi request reprint Does maternal or paternal heredity affect carotid atherosclerosis in children with familial hypercholesterolaemia?
    S Tonstad
    Lipid Clinic, Medical Department A, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Paediatr 89:1490-2. 2000
    ..We found that carotid intima-media thickness and prevalence of plaque did not differ between children with familial hypercholesterolaemia who inherited FH maternally or paternally...
  36. ncbi request reprint Smoking cessation efficacy and safety of varenicline, an alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonist
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Cardiovasc Nurs 21:433-6. 2006
    ..Phase 3 studies have evaluated the effects of varenicline on inducing smoking cessation and maintaining smoking abstinence...
  37. ncbi request reprint The detection and management of dyslipidaemia in children and adolescents
    L Ose
    Department of Medicine A, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Paediatr 84:1213-5. 1995
    ..Screening should be limited to children with suspected familial hypercholesterolaemia. Guidelines for individualized dietary and drug therapy are suggested...
  38. pmc Effects of an antiatherogenic diet during pregnancy on markers of maternal and fetal endothelial activation and inflammation: the CARRDIP study
    J Khoury
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rikshospitalet Radiumhospitalet Medical Centre, Oslo, Norway
    BJOG 114:279-88. 2007
    ..To study the effect of an antiatherogenic diet on maternal and cord blood concentrations of systemic biomarkers of endothelial cell activation, haemostasis and inflammation...
  39. ncbi request reprint Serum cholesterol response to replacing butter with a new trans-free margarine in hypercholesterolemic subjects
    S Tonstad
    Lipid Clinic, Medical Department A, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 11:320-6. 2001
    ..A food company has used data concerning the cholesterolemic effects of individual fatty acids, including trans fatty acids, to develop a commercially available and virtually trans-free margarine...
  40. ncbi request reprint Hormone therapy and mortality during a 14-year follow-up of 14 324 Norwegian women
    S Graff-Iversen
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    J Intern Med 256:437-45. 2004
    ..We evaluated mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD) and all causes in relation to use of any hormone therapy (HT) and HT with oestradiol and norethisterone or levonorgestrel...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effect of maintenance therapy with varenicline on smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    JAMA 296:64-71. 2006
    ..The majority of cigarette smokers who achieve abstinence relapse within the first year and require many attempts before achieving permanent abstinence. Evidence to support pharmacological treatment for relapse prevention is insufficient...
  42. doi request reprint Psychiatric adverse events in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of varenicline: a pooled analysis
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ulleval, Oslo, Norway
    Drug Saf 33:289-301. 2010
    ..In postmarketing surveillance, neuropsychiatric symptoms have appeared; however, their incidence and causal relationship to varenicline is not known...
  43. ncbi request reprint Does short-term smoking cessation reduce plasma total homocysteine concentrations?
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Clin Lab Invest 62:279-84. 2002
    ..Likewise, no differences were found between quitters and non-quitters whose baseline homocysteine concentrations were above the 75th percentile...
  44. doi request reprint Mutations in the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene in obese patients in Norway
    T Wangensteen
    Department of Medical Genetics, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 117:266-73. 2009
    ..Mutations in the melanocortin 4 receptor ( MC4R) gene are the most frequent cause of monogenic forms of obesity, but the reported prevalences of mutations in obese individuals diverge, varying from 0.2 to 5.8%...
  45. ncbi request reprint Bupropion SR for smoking cessation in smokers with cardiovascular disease: a multicentre, randomised study
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventative Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407, Oslo, Norway
    Eur Heart J 24:946-55. 2003
    ..To investigate the safety and efficacy of bupropion sustained release (bupropion SR) in promoting abstinence from smoking in subjects with cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  46. ncbi request reprint Role of lipid-lowering pharmacotherapy in children
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Preventive Medicine Clinic, Ulleval Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Paediatr Drugs 2:11-22. 2000
    ..Short term studies show that HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors reduce LDL-cholesterol levels similarly in children and in adults. Thus, the drugs may be used in low dosages to treat some adolescents with exceptional risk of disease...
  47. ncbi request reprint Premature coronary heart disease, cigarette smoking, and the metabolic syndrome
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Division of Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Cardiol 96:1681-5. 2005
    ..004). These findings indicate that although smoking cessation is imperative for patients with premature CHD, the metabolic risks associated with overweight and obesity after cessation need to be addressed...
  48. ncbi request reprint A high-fibre bean-rich diet versus a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity
    S Tonstad
    School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    J Hum Nutr Diet 27:109-16. 2014
    ..We compared a diet rich in beans aiming to increase dietary fibre and promote weight loss with a low-carbohydrate diet in a randomised controlled trial to assess effect and tolerability of the high-fibre bean-rich diet...
  49. ncbi request reprint Choices for treatment of hyperlipidaemia
    S Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Preventive Medicine Clinic, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    J Inherit Metab Dis 26:289-98. 2003
    ..We suggest that the child's sex, serum cholesterol level and family history of premature cardiovascular disease may be used to stratify risk. Children at exceptional high risk may be considered for pharmacological treatment...
  50. ncbi request reprint Rimonabant: a cannabinoid receptor blocker for the treatment of metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 16:156-62. 2006
    ..This review discusses the role of rimonabant, a cannabinoid receptor 1 blocker, which has undergone Phase III clinical testing, in the treatment of obesity and tobacco dependence...
  51. ncbi request reprint Use of sustained-release bupropion in specific patient populations for smoking cessation
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Drugs 62:37-43. 2002
    ....
  52. pmc Suggestive evidence of associations between liver X receptor β polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity in three cohort studies: HUNT2 (Norway), MONICA (France) and HELENA (Europe)
    Karianne Solaas
    Department of Endocrinology, Oslo University Hospital, Aker, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Med Genet 11:144. 2010
    ..We aimed to assess the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LXRβ and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and related traits in 3 separate cohort studies...
  53. ncbi request reprint A high risk score for coronary heart disease is associated with the metabolic syndrome in 40-year-old men and women
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Cardiovasc Risk 10:129-35. 2003
    ..Guidelines recommend follow-up of people whose 10-year risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is > 10%. We calculated CHD risk, number of risk factors and occurrence of the metabolic syndrome among screened 40-year-old men and women...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effect of lifestyle changes on atherogenic lipids and endothelial cell adhesion molecules in young adults with familial premature coronary heart disease
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Center for Clinical Research, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Cardiol 95:1187-91. 2005
    ..05 between groups). These findings indicate that dietary modification and smoking cessation are feasible in young adults with familial premature CHD and document novel mechanisms by which lifestyle modification may reduce CHD risk...
  55. ncbi request reprint Does bupropion have advantages over other medical therapies in the cessation of smoking?
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventice Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 5:727-34. 2004
    ..Beyond randomised clinical trials, the effectiveness of bupropion has been shown in clinical practice and managed-care settings...
  56. ncbi request reprint Dietary and antismoking advice and ischemic heart disease mortality in men with normal or high fasting triacylglycerol concentrations: a 23-y follow-up study
    Ingrid Ellingsen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ullev degrees al University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:935-40. 2003
    ..The study showed a significant reduction in ischemic heart disease (IHD) events in the intervention group...
  57. ncbi request reprint Use of oral contraceptives and mortality during 14 years' follow-up of Norwegian women
    Sidsel Graff-Iversen
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 34:11-6. 2006
    ..The aim was to evaluate total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in relation to use of oral contraceptives (OC) in a cohort of women with a relatively high prevalence of smoking and high serum lipid levels...
  58. ncbi request reprint Do novel risk factors differ between men and women aged 18 to 39 years with a high risk of coronary heart disease?
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Center for Preventive Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Metabolism 56:260-6. 2007
    ..Lifestyle factors including body mass index, dietary sucrose, smoking, and hormones were associated with levels of the markers independent of sex with body mass index being the most prominent factor...
  59. ncbi request reprint Predictiveness of body mass index for fatal coronary heart disease in men according to length of follow-up: a 21-year prospective cohort study
    Lise Lund Haheim
    Norwegian Health Service Research Centre, Department of Preventive Cardiology, Preventive Medicine Clinic, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 35:4-10. 2007
    ..To test the association between body mass index (BMI) and other coronary risk factors and the risk of a fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) event in different time periods during follow-up...
  60. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risks associated with smoking: a review for clinicians
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 13:507-14. 2006
    ..Both nicotine replacement and bupropion have been shown to be well tolerated in populations with cardiovascular disease...
  61. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of food intake reporting in obese subjects with metabolic risk factors
    Mette Svendsen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Nutr 95:640-9. 2006
    ..67 (95 % CI 0.54, 0.83)). In obese subjects with metabolic risk factors, intake of sweets, desserts and snacks, bread and dietary restraint were determinants of reporting accuracy...
  62. ncbi request reprint Determinants of control of high blood pressure. The Oslo Health Study 2000-2001
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Preventive Medicine Clinic, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Blood Press 13:343-9. 2004
    ..To examine determinants of control of high blood pressure in Oslo, Norway...
  63. ncbi request reprint Risk-factor profile for the incidence of subarachnoid and intracerebral haemorrhage, cerebral infarction, and unspecified stroke during 21 years' follow-up in men
    Lise Lund Håheim
    Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 34:589-97. 2006
    ..To study the risk-factor profile for the incidence of non-fatal and fatal stroke among middle-aged men according to the stroke subtypes subarachnoid or intracerebral haemorrhage, cerebral infarction, and unspecified stroke...
  64. ncbi request reprint No effect of increased water intake on blood viscosity and cardiovascular risk factors
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Br J Nutr 96:993-6. 2006
    ..In conclusion, a postulated protective effect of increased water or fluid intake is not explained by a change in blood viscosity and increased fluid intake does not influence CVD risk factors in the short term...
  65. ncbi request reprint Effect of nurse counselling on metabolic risk factors in patients with mild hypertension: a randomised controlled trial
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 6:160-4. 2007
    ..Hypertension often clusters with metabolic risk factors and its optimal treatment may involve a number of changes in lifestyle. Nurse-led care regarding lifestyle change may improve outcomes in cardiovascular disease prevention involving...
  66. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the effects of 2 doses of soy protein or casein on serum lipids, serum lipoproteins, and plasma total homocysteine in hypercholesterolemic subjects
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:78-84. 2002
    ..The dose response of soy protein has not been established; neither has its effect on plasma total homocysteine...
  67. doi request reprint Effect of orlistat on eating behavior among participants in a 3-year weight maintenance trial
    Mette Svendsen
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:327-33. 2008
    ..To examine the effect of orlistat on dietary restraint, disinhibition, hunger, and binge eating and to understand the relation between changes in eating behavior and weight maintenance...
  68. doi request reprint Weight cycling and risk of forearm fractures: a 28-year follow-up of men in the Oslo Study
    Anne Johanne Søgaard
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1005-13. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that weight cycling may predict forearm fracture in elderly men and indicate that the potentially harmful effects of weight cycling are related to the number of episodes occurring at ages 25-50 years...
  69. ncbi request reprint Use of progestogen-only contraceptives/medications and lipid parameters in women age 40 to 42 years: results of a population-based cross-sectional Norwegian Survey
    Sidsel Graff-Iversen
    National Health Screening Service, Oslo, Norway
    Contraception 66:7-13. 2002
    ..Use of the IUD with levonorgestrel was also linked with a decreased risk of high serum triglycerides and of high non-HDL-cholesterol concentrations and a total/HDL-cholesterol ratio similar to that of nonusers of hormones...
  70. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and safety of topiramate in the treatment of obese subjects with essential hypertension
    Serena Tonstad
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Cardiol 96:243-51. 2005
    ..In conclusion, topiramate produced clinically relevant effects in reducing body weight and BP, with generally mild to moderate adverse effects...