Gary Fraser

Summary

Affiliation: Loma Linda University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Vegetarian diets: what do we know of their effects on common chronic diseases?
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1607S-1612S. 2009
  2. pmc Reliability of serum and urinary isoflavone estimates
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Biomarkers 15:135-9. 2010
  3. pmc Regression calibration when foods (measured with error) are the variables of interest: markedly non-Gaussian data with many zeroes
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:325-31. 2012
  4. pmc Validation of self-reported anthropometrics in the Adventist Health Study 2
    Maira Bes-Rastrollo
    Dept of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    BMC Public Health 11:213. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint A multivariate method for measurement error correction using pairs of concentration biomarkers
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Adventist Health Study 2, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:64-73. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Guided multiple imputation of missing data: using a subsample to strengthen the missing-at-random assumption
    Gary Fraser
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Epidemiology 18:246-52. 2007
  7. pmc Missing data in a long food frequency questionnaire: are imputed zeroes correct?
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Epidemiology 20:289-94. 2009
  8. pmc Comparing self-reported disease outcomes, diet, and lifestyles in a national cohort of black and white Seventh-day Adventists
    Susanne Montgomery
    Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, 1709 Nichol Hall, Loma Linda, CA 92373, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 4:A62. 2007
  9. pmc Foods and food groups associated with the incidence of colorectal polyps: the Adventist Health Study
    Yessenia M Tantamango
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    Nutr Cancer 63:565-72. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint The contribution of soul and Caribbean foods to nutrient intake in a sample of Blacks of US and Caribbean descent in the Adventist Health Study-2: a pilot study
    Jabar A Akbar
    School of Public Health, Dept of Health Services, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:244-9. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. pmc Vegetarian diets: what do we know of their effects on common chronic diseases?
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1607S-1612S. 2009
    ..Although vegetarian diets are healthful and are associated with lower risk of several chronic diseases, different types of vegetarians may not experience the same effects on health...
  2. pmc Reliability of serum and urinary isoflavone estimates
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Biomarkers 15:135-9. 2010
    ..These results suggest that fasting morning serum isoflavone estimates will provide a poor index of long-term soy intake, but that overnight urinary estimates perform much better...
  3. pmc Regression calibration when foods (measured with error) are the variables of interest: markedly non-Gaussian data with many zeroes
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:325-31. 2012
    ..Irrespective of fit, linear regression calibration in this situation at least approximately corrects bias. More complex linear calibration equations that improve fit may increase power over that of uncalibrated regressions...
  4. pmc Validation of self-reported anthropometrics in the Adventist Health Study 2
    Maira Bes-Rastrollo
    Dept of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    BMC Public Health 11:213. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity of self-reported anthropometrics in the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2)...
  5. ncbi request reprint A multivariate method for measurement error correction using pairs of concentration biomarkers
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Adventist Health Study 2, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:64-73. 2007
    ..Measurement error is a pervasive problem in behavioral epidemiology, and available methods of correction all have generally untenable assumptions. We propose a multivariate method with more realistic assumptions...
  6. ncbi request reprint Guided multiple imputation of missing data: using a subsample to strengthen the missing-at-random assumption
    Gary Fraser
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Epidemiology 18:246-52. 2007
    ....
  7. pmc Missing data in a long food frequency questionnaire: are imputed zeroes correct?
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Epidemiology 20:289-94. 2009
    ..Missing data are a common problem in nutritional epidemiology. Little is known of the characteristics of these missing data, which makes it difficult to conduct appropriate imputation...
  8. pmc Comparing self-reported disease outcomes, diet, and lifestyles in a national cohort of black and white Seventh-day Adventists
    Susanne Montgomery
    Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, 1709 Nichol Hall, Loma Linda, CA 92373, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 4:A62. 2007
    ..This paper focuses on some preliminary baseline analyses of responses from the first group of participants recruited for AHS-2...
  9. pmc Foods and food groups associated with the incidence of colorectal polyps: the Adventist Health Study
    Yessenia M Tantamango
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    Nutr Cancer 63:565-72. 2011
    ..These associations showed a dose-response effect. High frequency of consumption of cooked green vegetables, dried fruit, legumes, and brown rice was associated with a decreased risk of colorectal polyps...
  10. ncbi request reprint The contribution of soul and Caribbean foods to nutrient intake in a sample of Blacks of US and Caribbean descent in the Adventist Health Study-2: a pilot study
    Jabar A Akbar
    School of Public Health, Dept of Health Services, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:244-9. 2007
    ..To evaluate the dietary contribution of culturally preferred foods in a population of Black Seventh-Day Adventists from the eastern and southern United States in order to improve the standard food frequency questionnaire...
  11. pmc Validation of nutrient intake using an FFQ and repeated 24 h recalls in black and white subjects of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)
    Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:812-9. 2010
    ..To validate a 204-item quantitative FFQ for measurement of nutrient intake in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: The Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)
    Terry L Butler
    School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 9235, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:260-5. 2008
  13. pmc Recruiting black Americans in a large cohort study: the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) design, methods and participant characteristics
    R Patti Herring
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, 24951 North Circle Drive, Nichol Hall 1410, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ethn Dis 20:437-43. 2010
    ..This paper describes the study design, recruitment methods, response rates, and characteristics of Blacks in the AHS-2, thus providing insights about effective strategies to recruit Blacks to participate in research studies...
  14. ncbi request reprint Feasibility of running clinics to collect biological specimens in a nationwide cohort study--Adventist Health Study-2
    Jacqueline Chan
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:454-7. 2007
    ..Therefore, the feasibility of collecting biological specimens from a nationally dispersed cohort (Adventist Health Study-2) was tested...
  15. pmc Effects of meat consumption and vegetarian diet on risk of wrist fracture over 25 years in a cohort of peri- and postmenopausal women
    Donna L Thorpe
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:564-72. 2008
    ..However, other studies have raised a question regarding the adequacy of protein in such a diet...
  16. pmc Validation of soy protein estimates from a food-frequency questionnaire with repeated 24-h recalls and isoflavonoid excretion in overnight urine in a Western population with a wide range of soy intakes
    Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
    Adventist Health Study 2, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1422-7. 2008
    ..Evidence of the benefits of soy on cancer risk in Western populations is inconsistent, in part because of the low intake of soy in these groups...
  17. pmc Correlates of perceived pain-related restrictions among women with fibromyalgia
    Peter Przekop
    Department of Psychiatry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    Pain Med 11:1698-706. 2010
    ..To identify correlates of perceived pain-related restrictions in a community sample of women with fibromyalgia...
  18. pmc Regional differences in attitudes that may affect health behavior and willingness to participate in research among Black Seventh-day Adventists
    Andy Lampkin
    School of Religion, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 19:439-46. 2009
    ..To identify the attitudes and perceptions of Black Seventh-day Adventists regarding health research and the healthcare system in two regions of the United States...
  19. pmc Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status of vegetarians, partial vegetarians, and nonvegetarians: the Adventist Health Study-2
    Jacqueline Chan
    Adventist Health Study 2, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1686S-1692S. 2009
    ....
  20. pmc Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:791-6. 2009
    ..We assessed the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in people following different types of vegetarian diets compared with that in nonvegetarians...
  21. pmc Determinants of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D levels in a nationwide cohort of blacks and non-Hispanic whites
    Jacqueline Chan
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, 24785 Stewart St, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 21:501-11. 2010
    ..This will allow a regression calibration approach to determine s25(OH)D levels replacing the more costly method of collection and analysis of blood samples...
  22. ncbi request reprint The effect of vigorous physical activity and risk of wrist fracture over 25 years in a low-risk survivor cohort
    Donna L Thorpe
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Bone Miner Metab 24:476-83. 2006
    ..61; 95% CI, 0.43, 0.87). In this cohort of women with a relatively low incidence of wrist fracture, higher levels of physical activity at baseline were protective against risk of fracture during 25 years of follow-up...
  23. ncbi request reprint Correlations between estimated and true dietary intakes
    Gary E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:287-95. 2004
    ..It is unclear how well questionnaire or so-called reference methods of dietary assessment correlate with true dietary intake. We develop a method to estimate such correlations...
  24. ncbi request reprint A search for truth in dietary epidemiology
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:521S-525S. 2003
    ..Regression calibration methods that use carefully selected biological surrogates (correlates) of the dietary factor of interest in the calibration study seem to use more realistic assumptions...
  25. ncbi request reprint Water, other fluids, and fatal coronary heart disease: the Adventist Health Study
    Jacqueline Chan
    Adventist Health Studies, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:827-33. 2002
    ..Fluid intake as a putative coronary heart disease risk factor may deserve further consideration in other populations or using other study designs...
  26. ncbi request reprint Long-term almond supplementation without advice on food replacement induces favourable nutrient modifications to the habitual diets of free-living individuals
    Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
    Br J Nutr 92:533-40. 2004
    ..A daily supplement of almonds can induce favourable nutrient modifications for chronic disease prevention to an individual's habitual diet...
  27. ncbi request reprint Effect on body weight of a free 76 Kilojoule (320 calorie) daily supplement of almonds for six months
    Gary E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California 92350, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:275-83. 2002
    ..We tested the hypothesis that a free daily supplement (averaging 76 kJ) of almonds for six months, with no dietary advice, would not change body weight...
  28. ncbi request reprint Correlations between estimated and true dietary intakes: using two instrumental variables
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92313, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:509-18. 2005
    ..We describe a new application of the method of triads that allows an estimate of the correlation between a dietary questionnaire measure (Q) and true intake (T)...
  29. ncbi request reprint Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans?
    Pramil N Singh
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:526S-532S. 2003
    ..Since meat products represent a major source of protein in the Western diet, findings on whether meat intake significantly contributes to the burden of fatal disease have important clinical and public health implications...
  30. ncbi request reprint Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study
    Synnøve F Knutsen
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:119-27. 2003
    ..The FFQ was specially designed for use in a cohort of Seventh-day Adventists. In preparation for a large cohort study investigating the effect of diet on risk of colon, prostate and breast cancer...
  31. pmc Traumatic experiences, major life stressors, and self-reporting a physician-given fibromyalgia diagnosis
    Mark G Haviland
    Department of Psychiatry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Psychiatry Res 177:335-41. 2010
    ..We recommend that researchers investigate the relationship between stress and fibromyalgia in concert with genetic and biomarker studies...
  32. pmc Vegetarian diets and the incidence of cancer in a low-risk population
    Yessenia Tantamango-Bartley
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 22:286-94. 2013
    ..As people do not consume individual foods but rather combinations of them, the assessment of dietary patterns may offer valuable information when determining associations between diet and cancer risk...
  33. ncbi request reprint Recruiting blacks to the Adventist health study: Do follow-up phone calls increase response rates?
    La Shawnta Bell
    Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:667-72. 2005
    ..To determine whether follow-up phone calls improve response rates to a long questionnaire among black and white subjects...
  34. ncbi request reprint Dietary risk factors for ovarian cancer: the Adventist Health Study (United States)
    Fatemeh Kiani
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:137-46. 2006
    ..002), and also with higher fruit consumption (p < 0.01). A weak protective association was found with low fat, but not whole milk. Little confounding was observed between these foods...
  35. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Protection from stroke by eating animal foods? Surely not!
    Gary Fraser
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:543-5. 2003
  36. ncbi request reprint Understanding the challenges in recruiting blacks to a longitudinal cohort study: the Adventist health study
    Patti Herring
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:423-30. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN55454, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:370-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a pooled analysis of dietary fiber and its subtypes and risk of coronary heart disease...
  38. ncbi request reprint Fruits, vegetables and lung cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Stephanie A Smith-Warner
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 107:1001-11. 2003
    ..However, we cannot rule out the possibility that our results are due to residual confounding by smoking. The primary focus for reducing lung cancer incidence should continue to be smoking prevention and cessation...
  39. ncbi request reprint Dairy foods, calcium, and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 10 cohort studies
    Eunyoung Cho
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1015-22. 2004
    ..Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive...
  40. ncbi request reprint A pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies of dietary fat, cholesterol and egg intake and ovarian cancer
    Jeanine M Genkinger
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:273-85. 2006
    ..Results for histologic subtypes were similar. Overall, fat, cholesterol and egg intakes were not associated with ovarian cancer risk. The positive association for saturated fat intake at very high intakes merits further investigation...
  41. ncbi request reprint Intakes of vitamins A, C and E and folate and multivitamins and lung cancer: a pooled analysis of 8 prospective studies
    Eunyoung Cho
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 118:970-8. 2006
    ..The results generally did not differ across studies or by sex, smoking habits and lung cancer cell type. In conclusion, these data do not support the hypothesis that intakes of vitamins A, C and E and folate reduce lung cancer risk...
  42. ncbi request reprint A cohort study found that earlier and longer Seventh-day Adventist church membership was associated with reduced male mortality
    Ivar Heuch
    Department of Mathematics, University of Bergen, Johannes Bruns Gate 12, N 5008 Bergen, Norway
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:83-91. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate relative mortality rates among persons joining the church in adult life compared with members of the same age who joined in childhood...
  43. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant vitamins and coronary heart disease risk: a pooled analysis of 9 cohorts
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1508-20. 2004
    ..Epidemiologic studies have suggested a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) at higher intakes of fruit, vegetables, and whole grain. Whether this association is due to antioxidant vitamins or some other factors remains unclear...
  44. ncbi request reprint Fruits and vegetables and ovarian cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Anita Koushik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2160-7. 2005
    ..Associations for total fruits and vegetables were similar for different histologic types. These results suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption in adulthood has no important association with the risk of ovarian cancer...
  45. ncbi request reprint Fruits, vegetables, and colon cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 cohort studies
    Anita Koushik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1471-83. 2007
    ..Statistical power to examine associations by colon site has been limited in previous studies...
  46. pmc Black art posters, an incentive to increase study enrollment among Blacks in a large cohort study
    Antronette K Yancey
    Department of Health Services, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Prev Med 46:370-3. 2008
    ..Black art posters were offered to replace or augment the established $10 incentive for questionnaire completion in a longitudinal cohort study...
  47. pmc Height, body mass index, and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Leo J Schouten
    Department of Epidemiology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:902-12. 2008
    ..Although many studies have investigated the association between anthropometry and ovarian cancer risk, results have been inconsistent...
  48. ncbi request reprint Meat and dairy food consumption and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Stacey A Missmer
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:78-85. 2002
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the risk of breast cancer associated with meat and dairy food consumption and to assess whether non-dietary risk factors modify the relation...
  49. ncbi request reprint Dairy products and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Jeanine M Genkinger
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Room 339, Building 2, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:364-72. 2006
    ..Although case-control studies have reported conflicting results for dairy foods and lactose, several cohort studies have shown positive associations between skim milk, lactose, and ovarian cancer...
  50. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and risk of lung cancer in a pooled analysis of prospective studies
    Stephanie A Smith-Warner
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:987-92. 2002
    ..These data do not support an important relation between fat or cholesterol intakes and lung cancer risk. The means to prevent this important disease remains avoidance of smoking...
  51. ncbi request reprint Specificity in dietary population research
    Gary E Fraser
    Ann Epidemiol 17:208. 2007

Research Grants16

  1. CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY IN ADVENTISTS--A LOW RISK GROUP
    Gary Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. and Canada from a uniquely informative population. As originally planned it is during the coming Years 06-10 that this outstanding resource will provide answers to the questions posed. ..
  2. Biological and Psychosocial Manifestations of Religion
    Gary Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study should further current understanding of how various manifestations of religion positively and negatively affect physical and mental health. ..
  3. CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY IN ADVENTISTS--A LOW RISK GROUP
    Gary Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This larger study will provide much greater statistical power, more accurate and documented exposure assessment, and will also include a large cohort of black Adventists. ..
  4. CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY IN ADVENTISTS--A LOW RISK GROUP
    Gary Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This larger study will provide much greater statistical power, more accurate and documented exposure assessment, and will also include a large cohort of black Adventists. ..