G E Fraser

Summary

Affiliation: Loma Linda University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The estimation of lifetime risk and average age at onset of a disease using a multivariate exponential hazard rate model
    G E Fraser
    Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, CA 92350, USA
    Stat Med 18:397-410. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Correlations between estimated and true dietary intakes
    Gary E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:287-95. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Regression calibration in studies with correlated variables measured with error
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:836-44. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint A comparison of first event coronary heart disease rates in two contrasting California populations
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Nutr Health Aging 9:53-8. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect on body weight of a free 76 Kilojoule (320 calorie) daily supplement of almonds for six months
    Gary E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California 92350, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:275-83. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Ten years of life: Is it a matter of choice?
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Nichol Hall, Room 2008, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1645-52. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Correlations between estimated and true dietary intakes: using two instrumental variables
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92313, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:509-18. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Diet as primordial prevention in Seventh-Day Adventists
    G E Fraser
    Loma Linda University, California 92350, USA
    Prev Med 29:S18-23. 1999
  9. ncbi request reprint Associations between diet and cancer, ischemic heart disease, and all-cause mortality in non-Hispanic white California Seventh-day Adventists
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:532S-538S. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint A search for truth in dietary epidemiology
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:521S-525S. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. ncbi request reprint The estimation of lifetime risk and average age at onset of a disease using a multivariate exponential hazard rate model
    G E Fraser
    Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, CA 92350, USA
    Stat Med 18:397-410. 1999
    ..Application of the method is made to the Adventist Health Study cohort, where the independent effects of several exposures on these outcomes are demonstrated...
  2. ncbi request reprint Correlations between estimated and true dietary intakes
    Gary E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:287-95. 2004
    ..It is unclear how well questionnaire or so-called reference methods of dietary assessment correlate with true dietary intake. We develop a method to estimate such correlations...
  3. ncbi request reprint Regression calibration in studies with correlated variables measured with error
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:836-44. 2001
    ..Where there is important collinearity, useful gains in power accrue with calibration study size up to 1,000 subjects...
  4. ncbi request reprint A comparison of first event coronary heart disease rates in two contrasting California populations
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Nutr Health Aging 9:53-8. 2005
    ..To directly evaluate whether a population, many of whom are vegetarian or near vegetarian, does experience less coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect on body weight of a free 76 Kilojoule (320 calorie) daily supplement of almonds for six months
    Gary E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California 92350, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:275-83. 2002
    ..We tested the hypothesis that a free daily supplement (averaging 76 kJ) of almonds for six months, with no dietary advice, would not change body weight...
  6. ncbi request reprint Ten years of life: Is it a matter of choice?
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Nichol Hall, Room 2008, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1645-52. 2001
    ..Relative risk estimates suggest that effective implementation of behaviors commonly advocated in preventive medicine should increase life expectancy, although there is little direct evidence...
  7. ncbi request reprint Correlations between estimated and true dietary intakes: using two instrumental variables
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92313, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:509-18. 2005
    ..We describe a new application of the method of triads that allows an estimate of the correlation between a dietary questionnaire measure (Q) and true intake (T)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Diet as primordial prevention in Seventh-Day Adventists
    G E Fraser
    Loma Linda University, California 92350, USA
    Prev Med 29:S18-23. 1999
    ..The power of incorporating health into a system of religious belief is discussed. Possibly others can also implement such a model to their advantage...
  9. ncbi request reprint Associations between diet and cancer, ischemic heart disease, and all-cause mortality in non-Hispanic white California Seventh-day Adventists
    G E Fraser
    Center for Health Research and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:532S-538S. 1999
    ..Thus, among Seventh-day Adventists, vegetarians are healthier than nonvegetarians but this cannot be ascribed only to the absence of meat...
  10. ncbi request reprint A search for truth in dietary epidemiology
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:521S-525S. 2003
    ..Regression calibration methods that use carefully selected biological surrogates (correlates) of the dietary factor of interest in the calibration study seem to use more realistic assumptions...
  11. pmc Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health Study-2
    S Tonstad
    Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Department of Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23:292-9. 2013
    ..To evaluate the relationship of diet to incident diabetes among non-Black and Black participants in the Adventist Health Study-2...
  12. ncbi request reprint Associations between meat consumption and the prevalence of degenerative arthritis and soft tissue disorders in the adventist health study, California U.S.A
    A Hailu
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Nutr Health Aging 10:7-14. 2006
    ..To examine associations between the prevalence of degenerative arthritis and soft tissue disorders and consumption of meat and other foods among participants in the Adventist Health Study...
  13. ncbi request reprint Comparing biological measurements of vitamin C, folate, alpha-tocopherol and carotene with 24-hour dietary recall information in nonhispanic blacks and whites
    S F Knutsen
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 11:406-16. 2001
    ..To assess intake of several vitamins in preparation for a large cohort study investigating the effect of diet on risk of colon and prostate cancer...
  14. ncbi request reprint Validity of a physical activity questionnaire among African-American Seventh-day Adventists
    P N Singh
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Center for Health Research, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:468-75. 2001
    ..S. adults, few have included a validation analysis among blacks. We have examined the validity and reliability of a physical activity questionnaire that was administered to 165 black Seventh-day Adventists from Southern California...
  15. ncbi request reprint The effect of menopause on the relation between weight gain and mortality among women
    P N Singh
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    Menopause 8:314-20. 2001
    ..One possible explanation for these findings is that weight gain increases the level of adipose-tissue-derived estrogen among lean postmenopausal women. CONCLUSION: Moderate menopausal weight gain may be well tolerated in lean women...
  16. pmc Relationship of vitamin D levels to blood pressure in a biethnic population
    R Sakamoto
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, 24951 North Circle Drive, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23:776-84. 2013
    ..Blacks tend to have lower vitamin D levels than Whites, but it is unclear whether this difference explains the higher blood pressure (BP) observed in Blacks in a population with healthy lifestyle practices...
  17. doi request reprint Influence of body mass index and serum lipids on the cholesterol-lowering effects of almonds in free-living individuals
    K Jaceldo-Siegl
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, 24951 North Circle Drive, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S7-13. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that individual levels of BMI, LDL, TC and triglycerides modify the cholesterol-lowering effect of almonds in a 24-week almond supplementation trial in a free-living population...
  18. pmc Validation of soy protein estimates from a food-frequency questionnaire with repeated 24-h recalls and isoflavonoid excretion in overnight urine in a Western population with a wide range of soy intakes
    Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
    Adventist Health Study 2, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1422-7. 2008
    ..Evidence of the benefits of soy on cancer risk in Western populations is inconsistent, in part because of the low intake of soy in these groups...
  19. ncbi request reprint A pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies of dietary fat, cholesterol and egg intake and ovarian cancer
    Jeanine M Genkinger
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:273-85. 2006
    ..Results for histologic subtypes were similar. Overall, fat, cholesterol and egg intakes were not associated with ovarian cancer risk. The positive association for saturated fat intake at very high intakes merits further investigation...
  20. ncbi request reprint Dairy products and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Jeanine M Genkinger
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Room 339, Building 2, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:364-72. 2006
    ..Although case-control studies have reported conflicting results for dairy foods and lactose, several cohort studies have shown positive associations between skim milk, lactose, and ovarian cancer...
  21. ncbi request reprint The effect of vigorous physical activity and risk of wrist fracture over 25 years in a low-risk survivor cohort
    Donna L Thorpe
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Bone Miner Metab 24:476-83. 2006
    ..61; 95% CI, 0.43, 0.87). In this cohort of women with a relatively low incidence of wrist fracture, higher levels of physical activity at baseline were protective against risk of fracture during 25 years of follow-up...
  22. ncbi request reprint Feasibility of running clinics to collect biological specimens in a nationwide cohort study--Adventist Health Study-2
    Jacqueline Chan
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:454-7. 2007
    ..Therefore, the feasibility of collecting biological specimens from a nationally dispersed cohort (Adventist Health Study-2) was tested...
  23. pmc Effects of meat consumption and vegetarian diet on risk of wrist fracture over 25 years in a cohort of peri- and postmenopausal women
    Donna L Thorpe
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:564-72. 2008
    ..However, other studies have raised a question regarding the adequacy of protein in such a diet...
  24. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: The Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)
    Terry L Butler
    School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 9235, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:260-5. 2008
  25. ncbi request reprint A multivariate method for measurement error correction using pairs of concentration biomarkers
    Gary E Fraser
    Department of Adventist Health Study 2, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:64-73. 2007
    ..Measurement error is a pervasive problem in behavioral epidemiology, and available methods of correction all have generally untenable assumptions. We propose a multivariate method with more realistic assumptions...
  26. ncbi request reprint Fruits, vegetables, and colon cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 cohort studies
    Anita Koushik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1471-83. 2007
    ..Statistical power to examine associations by colon site has been limited in previous studies...
  27. pmc Black art posters, an incentive to increase study enrollment among Blacks in a large cohort study
    Antronette K Yancey
    Department of Health Services, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Prev Med 46:370-3. 2008
    ..Black art posters were offered to replace or augment the established $10 incentive for questionnaire completion in a longitudinal cohort study...
  28. pmc Height, body mass index, and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Leo J Schouten
    Department of Epidemiology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:902-12. 2008
    ..Although many studies have investigated the association between anthropometry and ovarian cancer risk, results have been inconsistent...
  29. ncbi request reprint Meat and dairy food consumption and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Stacey A Missmer
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:78-85. 2002
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the risk of breast cancer associated with meat and dairy food consumption and to assess whether non-dietary risk factors modify the relation...
  30. ncbi request reprint Water, other fluids, and fatal coronary heart disease: the Adventist Health Study
    Jacqueline Chan
    Adventist Health Studies, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:827-33. 2002
    ..Fluid intake as a putative coronary heart disease risk factor may deserve further consideration in other populations or using other study designs...
  31. ncbi request reprint Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study
    Synnøve F Knutsen
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:119-27. 2003
    ..The FFQ was specially designed for use in a cohort of Seventh-day Adventists. In preparation for a large cohort study investigating the effect of diet on risk of colon, prostate and breast cancer...
  32. ncbi request reprint Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans?
    Pramil N Singh
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:526S-532S. 2003
    ..Since meat products represent a major source of protein in the Western diet, findings on whether meat intake significantly contributes to the burden of fatal disease have important clinical and public health implications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Fruits, vegetables and lung cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Stephanie A Smith-Warner
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 107:1001-11. 2003
    ..However, we cannot rule out the possibility that our results are due to residual confounding by smoking. The primary focus for reducing lung cancer incidence should continue to be smoking prevention and cessation...
  34. ncbi request reprint Fruits and vegetables and ovarian cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Anita Koushik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2160-7. 2005
    ..Associations for total fruits and vegetables were similar for different histologic types. These results suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption in adulthood has no important association with the risk of ovarian cancer...
  35. ncbi request reprint Dairy foods, calcium, and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 10 cohort studies
    Eunyoung Cho
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1015-22. 2004
    ..Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive...
  36. ncbi request reprint Long-term almond supplementation without advice on food replacement induces favourable nutrient modifications to the habitual diets of free-living individuals
    Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
    Br J Nutr 92:533-40. 2004
    ..A daily supplement of almonds can induce favourable nutrient modifications for chronic disease prevention to an individual's habitual diet...
  37. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant vitamins and coronary heart disease risk: a pooled analysis of 9 cohorts
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1508-20. 2004
    ..Epidemiologic studies have suggested a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) at higher intakes of fruit, vegetables, and whole grain. Whether this association is due to antioxidant vitamins or some other factors remains unclear...
  38. ncbi request reprint A cohort study found that earlier and longer Seventh-day Adventist church membership was associated with reduced male mortality
    Ivar Heuch
    Department of Mathematics, University of Bergen, Johannes Bruns Gate 12, N 5008 Bergen, Norway
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:83-91. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate relative mortality rates among persons joining the church in adult life compared with members of the same age who joined in childhood...
  39. ncbi request reprint Recruiting blacks to the Adventist health study: Do follow-up phone calls increase response rates?
    La Shawnta Bell
    Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:667-72. 2005
    ..To determine whether follow-up phone calls improve response rates to a long questionnaire among black and white subjects...
  40. ncbi request reprint Intakes of vitamins A, C and E and folate and multivitamins and lung cancer: a pooled analysis of 8 prospective studies
    Eunyoung Cho
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 118:970-8. 2006
    ..The results generally did not differ across studies or by sex, smoking habits and lung cancer cell type. In conclusion, these data do not support the hypothesis that intakes of vitamins A, C and E and folate reduce lung cancer risk...
  41. ncbi request reprint Specificity in dietary population research
    Gary E Fraser
    Ann Epidemiol 17:208. 2007
  42. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and risk of lung cancer in a pooled analysis of prospective studies
    Stephanie A Smith-Warner
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:987-92. 2002
    ..These data do not support an important relation between fat or cholesterol intakes and lung cancer risk. The means to prevent this important disease remains avoidance of smoking...
  43. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN55454, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:370-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a pooled analysis of dietary fiber and its subtypes and risk of coronary heart disease...