Brett T Litz

Summary

Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Moral injury and moral repair in war veterans: a preliminary model and intervention strategy
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, United States
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:695-706. 2009
  2. pmc The Peritraumatic Behavior Questionnaire: development and initial validation of a new measure for combat-related peritraumatic reactions
    Agorastos Agorastos
    Veterans Affairs Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, VA San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 13:9. 2013
  3. doi request reprint A randomized placebo-controlled trial of D-cycloserine and exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for PTSD, Boston, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:1184-90. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Early intervention for trauma: where are we and where do we need to go? A commentary
    Brett T Litz
    VA Boston Healthcare System, National Center for PTSD, Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiological Research and Information Center, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:503-6. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint A randomized, controlled proof-of-concept trial of an Internet-based, therapist-assisted self-management treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for PTSD Boston VA Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, 150 South Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 01230, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1676-83. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Emotional processing in borderline personality disorder
    Michael K Suvak
    National Center for PTSD, VABoston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    Personal Disord 3:273-82. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Perceived military organizational support and peacekeeper distress: a longitudinal investigation
    J Ben Barnes
    Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Research and Information Center, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    Psychol Serv 10:177-85. 2013
  8. ncbi request reprint Unit cohesion and PTSD symptom severity in Air Force medical personnel
    Benjamin D Dickstein
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Mil Med 175:482-6. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint A cross-lagged analysis of the relationship between symptoms of PTSD and retrospective reports of exposure
    Elisa E Bolton
    Boston VA Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 150 South Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 20:877-95. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Latent classes of PTSD symptoms in Vietnam veterans
    Maria M Steenkamp
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Behav Modif 36:857-74. 2012

Research Grants

  1. Emotional-Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder
    Brett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. Coping with the Threat of Terror
    Brett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. doi request reprint Moral injury and moral repair in war veterans: a preliminary model and intervention strategy
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, United States
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:695-706. 2009
    ..To stimulate a critical examination of moral injury, we review the available literature, define terms, and offer a working conceptual framework and a set of intervention strategies designed to repair moral injury...
  2. pmc The Peritraumatic Behavior Questionnaire: development and initial validation of a new measure for combat-related peritraumatic reactions
    Agorastos Agorastos
    Veterans Affairs Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, VA San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 13:9. 2013
    ..This study describes the development of the PBQ and reports on the psychometric properties of its self-rated version (PBQ-SR)...
  3. doi request reprint A randomized placebo-controlled trial of D-cycloserine and exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for PTSD, Boston, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:1184-90. 2012
    ..Clinicaltrials.gov Registry #: NCT00371176; A Placebo-Controlled Trail of D-Cycloserine and Exposure Therapy for Combat-PTSD; www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=NCT00371176...
  4. doi request reprint Early intervention for trauma: where are we and where do we need to go? A commentary
    Brett T Litz
    VA Boston Healthcare System, National Center for PTSD, Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiological Research and Information Center, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:503-6. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint A randomized, controlled proof-of-concept trial of an Internet-based, therapist-assisted self-management treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for PTSD Boston VA Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, 150 South Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 01230, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1676-83. 2007
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Emotional processing in borderline personality disorder
    Michael K Suvak
    National Center for PTSD, VABoston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    Personal Disord 3:273-82. 2012
    ..The findings underscore the complexities involved in examining emotional dysregulation in BPD in a laboratory setting...
  7. doi request reprint Perceived military organizational support and peacekeeper distress: a longitudinal investigation
    J Ben Barnes
    Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Research and Information Center, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    Psychol Serv 10:177-85. 2013
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Unit cohesion and PTSD symptom severity in Air Force medical personnel
    Benjamin D Dickstein
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Mil Med 175:482-6. 2010
    ..Results did not support the curvilinear interaction hypothesis, although evidence of cohesion's protective effects was found, suggesting that unit cohesion protects against PTSD regardless of level of stress exposure...
  9. ncbi request reprint A cross-lagged analysis of the relationship between symptoms of PTSD and retrospective reports of exposure
    Elisa E Bolton
    Boston VA Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 150 South Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 20:877-95. 2006
    ..Using a cross-lagged panel design, PTSD symptom severity was associated with increases in reports of exposure at Time 2. However, this finding was modest and was not specific to the recall of traumatic events...
  10. doi request reprint Latent classes of PTSD symptoms in Vietnam veterans
    Maria M Steenkamp
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Behav Modif 36:857-74. 2012
    ..The findings are discussed in the context of recent conceptual frameworks that posit a range of posttraumatic outcomes and highlight the sizable segment of military veterans who suffer from intermediate (subclinical) PTSD symptoms...
  11. pmc Emotional granularity and borderline personality disorder
    Michael K Suvak
    VA National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 120:414-26. 2011
    ..As hypothesized, participants with BPD emphasized valence more and arousal less than control participants did when using emotion terms to label their emotional reactions. Implications and future research directions are discussed...
  12. doi request reprint Psychometric evaluation of the Moral Injury Events Scale
    William P Nash
    Boston VA Research Institute, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Mil Med 178:646-52. 2013
    ..Initial discriminant and concurrent validity were also established. Future research directions were discussed...
  13. doi request reprint A scheme for categorizing traumatic military events
    Nathan R Stein
    VA Boston Healthcare System, MA, USA
    Behav Modif 36:787-807. 2012
    ..g., reexperiencing of the traumatic event, guilt, anger) and negative thoughts about the world. Their study provides tentative support for use of these event categories...
  14. doi request reprint The Experience of Intrusions Scale: a preliminary examination
    Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA kristalyn salters va gov
    Anxiety Stress Coping 22:27-37. 2009
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Heterogeneity in the course of posttraumatic stress disorder: trajectories of symptomatology
    Benjamin D Dickstein
    National Center for PTSD, VA BostonHealthcare System, and Department of Psychology, Boston University, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:331-9. 2010
    ..Results from this study add to the literature detailing the variability in PTSD course, as well as to the literature pertaining to predictors of PTSD onset and course...
  16. doi request reprint Indirect exposure to the September 11 terrorist attacks: does symptom structure resemble PTSD?
    Michael Suvak
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:30-9. 2008
    ..Indirect exposure to a traumatic event appears to induce a response with a similar symptom structure as responses to direct exposure...
  17. pmc Gender differences in anxiety disorders: prevalence, course of illness, comorbidity and burden of illness
    Carmen P McLean
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1027-35. 2011
    ..These results suggest that anxiety disorders are not only more prevalent but also more disabling in women than in men...
  18. doi request reprint What is the typical response to sexual assault? Reply to Bonanno (2013)
    Maria M Steenkamp
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 26:394-6. 2013
    ..Our findings suggest that prior research about the frequency of resilience may in part be confounded by the degree and type of stress exposure...
  19. doi request reprint Psychotherapy for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder: review of the evidence
    Maria M Steenkamp
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 33:45-53. 2013
    ..We conclude with considerations for future research...
  20. doi request reprint Trajectories of PTSD symptoms following sexual assault: is resilience the modal outcome?
    Maria M Steenkamp
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 25:469-74. 2012
    ..These results suggest that theoretical models of posttrauma response positing resilience as the modal outcome may not generalize to cases of sexual assault...
  21. doi request reprint Accidental and intentional perpetration of serious injury or death: correlates and relationship to trauma exposure
    Angela Nickerson
    Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiological Research and Information Center, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    J Trauma 71:1821-8. 2011
    ..Little research has investigated the phenomenon of accidental perpetration of serious injury and death, or considered the relationship between perpetration and trauma exposure...
  22. doi request reprint Deployment stressors and outcomes among Air Force chaplains
    Hannah C Levy
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, USA
    J Trauma Stress 24:342-6. 2011
    ..Consistent with findings from previous studies, hierarchical regression analyses revealed that operational stress exposure predicted PTSD symptom severity (β = .33) while controlling for demographic variables...
  23. ncbi request reprint Social anxiety, depression, and PTSD in Vietnam veterans
    Stefan G Hofmann
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 17:573-82. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that social anxiety in Vietnam combat veterans with PTSD is closely associated with mood disturbance, social withdrawal, and isolation associated with depression...
  24. doi request reprint The distinctiveness of prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress disorder in adults bereaved by the attacks of September 11th
    J Ben Barnes
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Affect Disord 136:366-9. 2012
    ..Although some studies have shown the distinctiveness of PGD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this relationship has yet to be tested within a context of sudden, violent loss...
  25. ncbi request reprint The relationship between self-disclosure and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in peacekeepers deployed to Somalia
    Elisa E Bolton
    Boston VA Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:203-10. 2003
    ..The results indicate that adjustment to peacekeeping is significantly related to self-disclosure, especially to supportive significant others...
  26. ncbi request reprint The stressors and demands of peacekeeping in Kosovo: predictors of mental health response
    Shira Maguen
    VA Boston Health Care System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130, USA
    Mil Med 169:198-206. 2004
    ..The implications and limitations of the study are discussed...
  27. ncbi request reprint Emotional-processing in posttraumatic stress disorder II: startle reflex modulation during picture processing
    Mark W Miller
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 113:451-63. 2004
    ..These findings, along with augmented corrugator EMG reactivity during the same interval, suggest that trauma-related reexperiencing primes subsequent negative emotional responding in individuals with PTSD...
  28. ncbi request reprint Coping with the threat of terrorism: a review
    Shira Maguen
    San Francisco VA Medical Center, University of California at San Francisco, CA, USA
    Anxiety Stress Coping 21:15-35. 2008
    ..We also describe individual diatheses and factors promoting resilience that may influence coping and functioning in the face of terrorism. Finally, we offer suggestions for future research...
  29. doi request reprint The impact of reported direct and indirect killing on mental health symptoms in Iraq war veterans
    Shira Maguen
    San Francisco VA Medical Center and University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:86-90. 2010
    ..Mental health assessment and treatment should address reactions to killing to optimize readjustment following deployment...
  30. doi request reprint The impact of killing in war on mental health symptoms and related functioning
    Shira Maguen
    San Francisco VA Medical Center, and Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 22:435-43. 2009
    ..Experiences of killing in war are important to address in the evaluation and treatment of veterans...
  31. doi request reprint Post-traumatic stress disorder: review of the Comprehensive Soldier Fitness program
    Maria M Steenkamp
    VA Boston Healthcare System and the Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiological Research and Information Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Prev Med 44:507-12. 2013
    ..This paper critically evaluates the theoretic foundation for and evidence supporting the use of CSF...
  32. ncbi request reprint Predictors of barriers to mental health treatment for Kosovo and Bosnia peacekeepers: a preliminary report
    Shira Maguen
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130, USA
    Mil Med 171:454-8. 2006
    ..Peacekeepers report a number of treatment needs and barriers that could prevent them from receiving care. The soldiers most in need of services are also those who report the most barriers to care...
  33. pmc Trajectories of response to treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Nathan R Stein
    Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiological Research and Information Center, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Behav Ther 43:790-800. 2012
    ..Additionally, those who meet criteria for MDD or have high levels of hyperarousal at the onset of treatment might require additional treatment or support...
  34. ncbi request reprint Has resilience to severe trauma been underestimated?
    Brett T Litz
    Department of Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Am Psychol 60:262; discussion 265-7. 2005
  35. doi request reprint Development of a borderline personality disorder-relevant picture stimulus set
    Denise M Sloan
    National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Pers Disord 24:664-75. 2010
    ..Two sets of pictures were generated for future research with BPD participants...
  36. ncbi request reprint Emotional experiencing in women with posttraumatic stress disorder: congruence between facial expressivity and self-report
    Amy W Wagner
    National Center for PTSD, Women s Health Sciences Division, Boston VA Health Care System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:67-75. 2003
    ..However, the overall pattern of results suggests fewer significant relationships between expression and experience than predicted...
  37. doi request reprint Moral injury: a mechanism for war-related psychological trauma in military family members
    William P Nash
    Boston VA Research Institute, 150 S Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02130, USA
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 16:365-75. 2013
    ..After describing means of adapting the moral injury model to family systems, we discuss the clinical implications of moral injury, and describe a model for its psychological treatment. ..
  38. ncbi request reprint Development and validation of the coping with terror scale
    Nathan R Stein
    National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA
    Assessment 20:597-609. 2013
    ..Future studies using the Coping with Terror Scale with other populations facing terrorist threats are needed to test its ability to predict resilience, functional impairment, and psychological distress. ..
  39. ncbi request reprint Emotional numbing in posttraumatic stress disorder: current and future research directions
    Brett T Litz
    National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Behavioral Science Division, Boston Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, MA 02130, USA
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 36:198-204. 2002
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint The worried mind: autonomic and prefrontal activation during worrying
    Stefan G Hofmann
    Boston University, Department of Psychology, Boston, MA 02215 2002, USA
    Emotion 5:464-75. 2005
    ..Trait public speaking anxiety was positively correlated with left frontal activity during worrying. These results support the notion that worrying is a unique emotional state that is different from fearful anticipation...
  41. ncbi request reprint A group randomized trial of critical incident stress debriefing provided to U.S. peacekeepers
    Amy B Adler
    US Army Medical Research Unit Europe, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Trauma Stress 21:253-63. 2008
    ..SMC), higher perceived organizational support (vs. SO), and more alcohol problems than SMC and SO. Soldiers reported that they liked CISD more than the SMC, and CISD did not cause undue distress...
  42. ncbi request reprint Brief cognitive-behavioral phone-based intervention targeting anxiety about the threat of attack: a pilot study
    Eli Somer
    Maytal Israel Institute for Treatment and Study of Stress, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Behav Res Ther 43:669-79. 2005
    ..Limitations are considered, and implications for treating individuals coping with the threat of terrorism are discussed...
  43. ncbi request reprint Description of risk and resilience factors among military medical personnel before deployment to Iraq
    Shira Maguen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Mil Med 173:1-9. 2008
    ....
  44. pmc Military-related PTSD, current disability policies, and malingering
    Brian P Marx
    Am J Public Health 98:773-4; author reply 774-5. 2008
  45. ncbi request reprint Behavioral interventions for recent trauma: empirically informed practice guidelines
    Matt J Gray
    University of Wyoming, USA
    Behav Modif 29:189-215. 2005
    ..Behavioral interventions may be particularly well-equipped to address this source of distress...
  46. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal analysis of PTSD symptom course: delayed-onset PTSD in Somalia peacekeepers
    Matt J Gray
    Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:909-13. 2004
    ..War-zone exposure and perceived meaningfulness of the mission, as rated by soldiers after returning to the United States, predicted symptom course over the next 18 months...
  47. ncbi request reprint Acute psychological impact of disaster and large-scale tauma: limitations of traditional interventions and future practice recommendations
    Matt J Gray
    Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 3415, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 19:64-72. 2004
    ..However, promising evidence-based, early interventions have been developed, which are highlighted. Finally, traumatic bereavement and complicated grief in survivors of disasters, an area largely neglected in the field, is discussed...
  48. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of the life events checklist
    Matt J Gray
    University of Wyoming, WY, USA
    Assessment 11:330-41. 2004
    ..In a clinical sample of combat veterans, the LEC was significantly correlated, in the predicted directions, with measures of psychological distress and was strongly associated with PTSD symptoms...
  49. ncbi request reprint Extending and applying the demand-control model: the role of soldier's coping on a peacekeeping deployment
    Jessica Ippolito
    Department of Psychology, University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
    J Occup Health Psychol 10:452-64. 2005
    ..No significant 3-way interactions were found for religious coping and passive coping. Implications for demand-control modeling and potential applications of the findings to soldier and leader training are discussed...

Research Grants3

  1. Emotional-Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder
    Brett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  2. Coping with the Threat of Terror
    Brett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our results will provide tools to study the way people cope with unprecedented worries about future terror, which will greatly enhance the public health response to terror. ..