D H Smith

Summary

Affiliation: Kaiser Permanente
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of drug utilization review programs
    Dale B Christensen
    JAMA 291:185; author reply 185-6. 2004
  2. pmc Clostridium difficile infection, Colorado and the northwestern United States, 2007
    Jennifer L Kuntz
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:960-2. 2012
  3. pmc Comparison of pharmacy-based measures of medication adherence
    William M Vollmer
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:155. 2012
  4. pmc Sex- and age-specific trends in antibiotic resistance patterns of Escherichia coli urinary isolates from outpatients
    Jessina C McGregor
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University Oregon Health and Science University, 3303 SW Bond Ave, CH12C, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 14:25. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Chronic kidney disease and outcomes in heart failure with preserved versus reduced ejection fraction: the Cardiovascular Research Network PRESERVE Study
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 6:333-42. 2013
  6. pmc Predicting costs of care in heart failure patients
    David H Smith
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N, Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:434. 2012
  7. pmc Clinician's use of automated reports of estimated glomerular filtration rate: a qualitative study
    David H Smith
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    BMC Nephrol 13:154. 2012
  8. pmc Automated telephone calls to enhance colorectal cancer screening: economic analysis
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR, USA
    Am J Manag Care 18:691-9. 2012
  9. pmc Predicting the risk of end-stage renal disease in the population-based setting: a retrospective case-control study
    Eric S Johnson
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    BMC Nephrol 12:17. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Hyperparathyroidism in chronic kidney disease: a retrospective cohort study of costs and outcomes
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 North Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    J Bone Miner Metab 27:287-94. 2009

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of drug utilization review programs
    Dale B Christensen
    JAMA 291:185; author reply 185-6. 2004
  2. pmc Clostridium difficile infection, Colorado and the northwestern United States, 2007
    Jennifer L Kuntz
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:960-2. 2012
    ..Incidence was 14.9 C. difficile infections per 10,000 patient-years. Extrapolating this rate to US adults, we estimate that 284,875 C. difficile infections occurred during 2007...
  3. pmc Comparison of pharmacy-based measures of medication adherence
    William M Vollmer
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:155. 2012
    ..An extensive literature now supports these measures, although few studies have systematically compared the properties of different adherence measures...
  4. pmc Sex- and age-specific trends in antibiotic resistance patterns of Escherichia coli urinary isolates from outpatients
    Jessina C McGregor
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University Oregon Health and Science University, 3303 SW Bond Ave, CH12C, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 14:25. 2013
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Chronic kidney disease and outcomes in heart failure with preserved versus reduced ejection fraction: the Cardiovascular Research Network PRESERVE Study
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 6:333-42. 2013
    ..There is scant evidence on the effect that chronic kidney disease (CKD) confers on clinically meaningful outcomes among patients with heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HF-PEF)...
  6. pmc Predicting costs of care in heart failure patients
    David H Smith
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N, Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:434. 2012
    ..We sought a comprehensive account of heart failure events and their cumulative economic burden by examining patient characteristics that predict increased cost or poor outcomes...
  7. pmc Clinician's use of automated reports of estimated glomerular filtration rate: a qualitative study
    David H Smith
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    BMC Nephrol 13:154. 2012
    ..We undertook a qualitative study to examine how clinicians use eGFR in clinical decision making, patient communication issues, barriers to use of eGFR, and suggestions to improve the clinical usefulness of eGFR reports...
  8. pmc Automated telephone calls to enhance colorectal cancer screening: economic analysis
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR, USA
    Am J Manag Care 18:691-9. 2012
    ..To estimate the cost-effectiveness of an automated telephone intervention for colorectal cancer screening from a managed care perspective, using data from a pragmatic randomized controlled trial...
  9. pmc Predicting the risk of end-stage renal disease in the population-based setting: a retrospective case-control study
    Eric S Johnson
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    BMC Nephrol 12:17. 2011
    ..Our study was designed to address these limitations and to identify the strength and precision of characteristics that might predict ESRD pragmatically for decision-makers--as measured by the onset of renal replacement therapy (RRT)...
  10. doi request reprint Hyperparathyroidism in chronic kidney disease: a retrospective cohort study of costs and outcomes
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 North Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    J Bone Miner Metab 27:287-94. 2009
    ....
  11. doi request reprint A randomized trial of direct-to-patient communication to enhance adherence to beta-blocker therapy following myocardial infarction
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:477-83; discussion 483; quiz 447. 2008
    ..We sought to test the hypothesis that a simple, direct-to-patient intervention can improve adherence to beta-blocker therapy following MI...
  12. ncbi request reprint The impact of prescribing safety alerts for elderly persons in an electronic medical record: an interrupted time series evaluation
    David H Smith
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1098-104. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the effects of computerized provider order entry with clinical decision support in reducing the use of potentially contraindicated agents in elderly persons...
  13. ncbi request reprint Improving laboratory monitoring of medications: an economic analysis alongside a clinical trial
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, 3800 N Interstate Ave, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Am J Manag Care 15:281-9. 2009
    ..To test the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of interventions aimed at enhancing laboratory monitoring of medication...
  14. doi request reprint Adherence to K/DOQI bone metabolism guidelines
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    J Ren Nutr 19:334-42. 2009
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Outcomes predicted by phosphorous in chronic kidney disease: a retrospective CKD-inception cohort study
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 25:166-74. 2010
    ..The impact of secondary hyperparathyroidism on morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear...
  16. ncbi request reprint A comparative economic analysis of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin versus topotecan in ovarian cancer in the USA and the UK
    D H Smith
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR 97227 1110, USA
    Ann Oncol 13:1590-7. 2002
    ....
  17. doi request reprint An economic evaluation of a laboratory monitoring program for renin-angiotensin system agents
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Med Decis Making 31:315-24. 2011
    ..More than one-third of preventable adverse drug events are associated with inadequate monitoring. Current knowledge of decreasing adverse drug events through expanded monitoring programs is lacking...
  18. ncbi request reprint Cost of medical care for chronic kidney disease and comorbidity among enrollees in a large HMO population
    David H Smith
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, Oregon, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 15:1300-6. 2004
    ..Future research in this area could be usefully directed toward analyzing the clinical and economic consequences of better managing or preventing comorbidities in patients with CKD...
  19. doi request reprint Lower visual acuity predicts worse utility values among patients with type 2 diabetes
    David H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N Interstate Ave, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Qual Life Res 17:1277-84. 2008
    ..We estimated the quality of life impact of vision loss in a community-based population with diabetes...
  20. ncbi request reprint Secular trends in kidney disease: is the decreased incidence of renal replacement therapy due to a decrease in chronic kidney disease incidence?
    M L Thorp
    Department of Nephrology, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Lake Road Nephrology Center, Milwaukie, OR, USA
    Clin Nephrol 70:187-93. 2008
    ..We studied the incidence of renal replacement therapy within the population of a health maintenance organization (HMO) both among the entire HMO population and among those with CKD...
  21. pmc Cost effectiveness of photodynamic therapy with verteporfin for age related macular degeneration: the UK case
    D H Smith
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N Interstate Ave, Portland, OR 97211, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 88:1107-12. 2004
    ..To estimate the potential cost effectiveness of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin in the UK setting...
  22. ncbi request reprint Impact of comorbidities on mortality in managed care patients with CKD
    Christina M Gullion
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR 97227 1110, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 48:212-20. 2006
    ..This study examines the impact of comorbidities on mortality risk in a cohort with CKD at 3 levels of progression and a sex- and age-matched comparison group...
  23. pmc Weight change in diabetes and glycemic and blood pressure control
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    1Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:1960-5. 2008
    ..Weight loss in type 2 diabetes is undisputedly important, and data from community settings are limited. We evaluated weight change and resulting glycemic and blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients at an HMO...
  24. doi request reprint Effect of anaemia on mortality, cardiovascular hospitalizations and end-stage renal disease among patients with chronic kidney disease
    Micah L Thorp
    Department of Nephrology, The Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregano 97227, USA
    Nephrology (Carlton) 14:240-6. 2009
    ..To determine whether an independent association exists between anaemia and chronic kidney disease (CKD) outcomes in a quasi-incidence cohort when patients' most recent laboratory values are considered...
  25. ncbi request reprint Electronic medical record reminder improves osteoporosis management after a fracture: a randomized, controlled trial
    Adrianne Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:450-7. 2006
    ..Osteoporosis treatment rates after a fracture are low. This study evaluated methods to increase guideline-recommended osteoporosis care postfracture...
  26. ncbi request reprint Predicting the risk of hyperkalemia in patients with chronic kidney disease starting lisinopril
    Eric S Johnson
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:266-72. 2010
    ..We synthesized known predictors of hyperkalemia into a prognostic risk score to predict the risk of hyperkalemia...
  27. ncbi request reprint The near absence of osteoporosis treatment in older men with fractures
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, OR 97227 1110, USA
    Osteoporos Int 16:953-62. 2005
    ..Information systems merging diagnostic and treatment information can help delineate gaps in patient management. Interventions showing promise in other conditions should be evaluated to improve care for osteoporosis...
  28. ncbi request reprint How to design computerized alerts to safe prescribing practices
    Adrianne Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Saf 30:602-13. 2004
    ..This study was designed to develop and evaluate medication safety alerts and processes for educating prescribers about the alerts...
  29. ncbi request reprint The state of cost-effectiveness analysis in American managed care
    Richard T Meenan
    Senior Investigator and Assistant Program Director, Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227 USA
    Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 6:229-37. 2006
    ..Its limited use within managed care is especially striking given the industry's stated interest in efficient healthcare and historically unstable finances in the face of continually rising healthcare costs...
  30. pmc Systolic blood pressure and mortality among older community-dwelling adults with CKD
    Jessica W Weiss
    Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Portland, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 56:1062-71. 2010
    ..Current CKD guidelines recommend a blood pressure target <130/80 mm Hg for all patients with CKD; however, it is unknown how lower versus higher baseline blood pressures may affect older adults with CKD...
  31. ncbi request reprint Effect of a patient panel-support tool on care delivery
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Am J Manag Care 16:e256-66. 2010
    ..To evaluate the effect of a patient panel-support tool (PST) on care delivery for diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  32. ncbi request reprint Older women with fractures: patients falling through the cracks of guideline-recommended osteoporosis screening and treatment
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, 3800 North Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227 1110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:2294-302. 2003
    ..Our purpose was to aid in the design of more effective future interventions...
  33. pmc Weight change and glycemic control after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1339-45. 2008
    ..Limited community-based data describe weight change after diabetes diagnosis...
  34. doi request reprint Predicting the risk of dialysis and transplant among patients with CKD: a retrospective cohort study
    Eric S Johnson
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 52:653-60. 2008
    ..We developed a risk score to predict the 5-year risk of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with stage 3 or 4 CKD...
  35. ncbi request reprint Reducing warfarin medication interactions: an interrupted time series evaluation
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, 3800 N Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1009-15. 2006
    ..The usefulness of academic detailing to enhance the effectiveness of medication interaction alerts also is uncertain...
  36. ncbi request reprint Improved therapeutic monitoring with several interventions: a randomized trial
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, OR, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1848-54. 2006
    ..Differences between guideline recommendations and actual frequency of therapeutic laboratory monitoring are substantial. This study evaluated interventions to improve laboratory monitoring at initiation of medication therapy...
  37. ncbi request reprint An outreach program improved osteoporosis management after a fracture
    Adrianne C Feldstein
    Northwest Permanente, Portland, Oregon, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1464-9. 2007
    ..If widely implemented, this intervention could substantially improve the secondary prevention of osteoporosis. More-individualized interventions may be necessary for high-risk subgroups...
  38. ncbi request reprint Predicting renal replacement therapy and mortality in CKD
    Eric S Johnson
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 50:559-65. 2007
    ..Our objective is to identify characteristics that predict the rate of progression to renal replacement therapy (RRT) and evaluate how those characteristics predict mortality and a composite end point (RRT and mortality)...
  39. pmc Automated telephone calls improved completion of fecal occult blood testing
    David M Mosen
    Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA
    Med Care 48:604-10. 2010
    ..Although colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis is improved by early diagnosis, screening rates remain low...
  40. doi request reprint Integrating clinical trial findings into practice through risk stratification: the case of heart failure management
    David H Smith
    The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    Popul Health Manag 13:123-9. 2010
    ..Our findings illustrate how clinical trial findings can be efficiently integrated into community settings by using a prognostic risk score to focus attention on high-risk subgroups...
  41. doi request reprint Comparison of renal replacement therapy and mortality using 1 versus 2 estimated glomerular filtration rates
    Micah L Thorp
    Department of Nephrology, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Lake Road Nephrology Center, Milwaukie, Oregon 97227, USA
    Popul Health Manag 12:149-55. 2009
    ..The increased risk of RRT was particularly evident among patients with risk factors...
  42. ncbi request reprint Effect of increased cost-sharing on oral hypoglycemic use in five managed care organizations: how much is too much?
    Douglas W Roblin
    Research Department, Kaiser Permanente, Atlanta, Georgia 30305, and the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Care 43:951-9. 2005
    ..For patients with a chronic disease, increased cost-sharing for medications may lead to unintended consequences, including reduced use of medications essential for control of their disease...
  43. doi request reprint Harnessing stakeholder perspectives to improve the care of osteoporosis after a fracture
    A C Feldstein
    Northwest Permanente, Portland, OR, USA
    Osteoporos Int 19:1527-40. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Effect of ergocalciferol supplementation on serum parathyroid hormone and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in chronic kidney disease
    Jason DeVille
    Department of Medicine, St Vincent Medical Center, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Nephrology (Carlton) 11:555-9. 2006
    ..To assess the impact of the administration of ergocalciferol on serum parathyroid hormone levels at different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  45. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal follow-up and outcomes among a population with chronic kidney disease in a large managed care organization
    Douglas S Keith
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Oregon Health and Science University, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:659-63. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to understand the natural history of chronic kidney disease with regard to progression to renal replacement therapy (transplant or dialysis) and death in a representative patient population...
  46. ncbi request reprint Estimating utility data from clinical indicators for patients with stable angina
    Louise Longworth
    Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, UK
    Eur J Health Econ 6:347-53. 2005
    ..The uncertainty surrounding the estimates should be considered when using the results to estimate QALYs for purposes of economic evaluation...
  47. ncbi request reprint Computerized prescribing alerts and group academic detailing to reduce the use of potentially inappropriate medications in older people
    Steven R Simon
    HMO Research Network Center for Education and Research in Therapeutics, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:963-8. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint What do medical records tell us about potentially harmful co-prescribing?
    Jennifer Elston Lafata
    Center for Health Services Research, Henrry Ford Health System, Detroit, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 33:395-400. 2007
    ..Previous efforts document drug-drug interactions in ambulatory care. Yet little is known about medical record documentation or clinical management when interacting medications are received...
  49. ncbi request reprint Taking religion seriously
    David H Smith
    Hastings Cent Rep 37:4; author reply 5-6. 2007
  50. ncbi request reprint Prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint (PROBE) designed trials yield the same results as double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with respect to ABPM measurements
    David H Smith
    Integrium, Orange, California 92868, USA
    J Hypertens 21:1291-8. 2003
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Low frequency of treatment of osteoporosis among postmenopausal women following a fracture
    Susan E Andrade
    Meyers Primary Care Institute Fallon Healthcare System and University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2052-7. 2003
    ..Osteoporosis is a major cause of morbidity. Treatment of osteoporosis reduces the risk of fracture, particularly for postmenopausal women with a history of fracture...
  52. ncbi request reprint Use of prescription medications with a potential for fetal harm among pregnant women
    Susan E Andrade
    Meyers Primary Care Institute University of Massachusetts Medical School, the Fallon Foundation, and Fallon Community Health Plan, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 15:546-54. 2006
    ..To estimate the prevalence of use of prescription drugs with a potential for fetal harm among pregnant women in the United States...
  53. ncbi request reprint Cluster randomized trials: opportunities and barriers identified by leaders of eight health plans
    Kathleen M Mazor
    Meyers Primary Care Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Fallon Clinic Foundation, and Fallon Community Health Plan, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Care 45:S29-37. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Potential drug-drug interactions in the outpatient setting
    Jennifer Elston Lafata
    Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202, Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Care 44:534-41. 2006
    ..Although medication safety research has tended to focus on inpatients, the safety of drug use among outpatients is also a concern...
  55. ncbi request reprint Prescription drug use in pregnancy
    Susan E Andrade
    Meyers Primary Care Institute Fallon Healthcare System and University of Massachusetts Medical School, 630 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:398-407. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to provide information on the prevalence of the use of prescription drugs among pregnant women in the United States...
  56. doi request reprint Outpatient use of cardiovascular drugs during pregnancy
    Susan E Andrade
    Meyers Primary Care Institute University of Massachusetts Medical School, Fallon Foundation, and Fallon Community Health Plan, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:240-7. 2008
    ..To provide information on the prevalence of use of cardiovascular drugs, some of which may have fetotoxic or teratogenic effects, in the outpatient setting among pregnant women in the United States...
  57. ncbi request reprint Effects of graded-release diltiazem versus ramipril, dosed at bedtime, on early morning blood pressure, heart rate, and the rate-pressure product
    William B White
    Section of Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Conn 06030 3940, USA
    Am Heart J 148:628-34. 2004
    ..Therapeutic agents for the treatment of hypertension may differ in their efficacy during the early morning period, a time when both morbid and mortal cardiovascular events are increased compared to other times of the day...
  58. ncbi request reprint Use of antidepressant medications during pregnancy: a multisite study
    Susan E Andrade
    Meyers Primary Care Institute, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:194.e1-5. 2008
    ..This study was undertaken to provide information on the prevalence of use of antidepressant drugs among pregnant women in the United States...

Research Grants4

  1. Cost-effectiveness of automated telephone outreach in patients with lung disease
    David Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will carry out an evaluation of the cost-effectiveness (efficiency) of the automated phone calls. (End of Abstract) ..
  2. Cost-effectiveness of automated telephone outreach in patients with lung disease
    David H Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will carry out an evaluation of the cost-effectiveness (efficiency) of the automated phone calls. (End of Abstract) ..