GABRIEL ESCOBAR

Summary

Affiliation: Kaiser Permanente
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Stratification of risk of early-onset sepsis in newborns ≥ 34 weeks' gestation
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Regional Director for Hospital Operations Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Division of Research, 2000 Broadway Ave, Oakland, CA 94612
    Pediatrics 133:30-6. 2014
  2. pmc Frequency, duration and predictors of bronchiolitis episodes of care among infants ≥32 weeks gestation in a large integrated healthcare system: a retrospective cohort study
    Valerie J Flaherman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, 3333 California St, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA 94143 0503, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:144. 2012
  3. pmc Persistent recurring wheezing in the fifth year of life after laboratory-confirmed, medically attended respiratory syncytial virus infection in infancy
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA, USA
    BMC Pediatr 13:97. 2013
  4. doi Risk-adjusting hospital mortality using a comprehensive electronic record in an integrated health care delivery system
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Med Care 51:446-53. 2013
  5. ncbi Early detection of impending physiologic deterioration among patients who are not in intensive care: development of predictive models using data from an automated electronic medical record
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Hospital Operations Research, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    J Hosp Med 7:388-95. 2012
  6. pmc Five-year neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal dehydration
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    J Pediatr 151:127-33, 133.e1. 2007
  7. ncbi Short-term outcomes of infants born at 35 and 36 weeks gestation: we need to ask more questions
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:28-33. 2006
  8. pmc Unstudied infants: outcomes of moderately premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit
    G J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 91:F238-44. 2006
  9. pmc Rehospitalisation after birth hospitalisation: patterns among infants of all gestations
    G J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, 2000 Broadway, 2nd Floor, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Arch Dis Child 90:125-31. 2005
  10. ncbi Risk adjusting community-acquired pneumonia hospital outcomes using automated databases
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 2000 Broadway, 2nd Fl, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Am J Manag Care 14:158-66. 2008

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. pmc Stratification of risk of early-onset sepsis in newborns ≥ 34 weeks' gestation
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Regional Director for Hospital Operations Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Division of Research, 2000 Broadway Ave, Oakland, CA 94612
    Pediatrics 133:30-6. 2014
    ..To define a quantitative stratification algorithm for the risk of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in newborns ≥ 34 weeks' gestation...
  2. pmc Frequency, duration and predictors of bronchiolitis episodes of care among infants ≥32 weeks gestation in a large integrated healthcare system: a retrospective cohort study
    Valerie J Flaherman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, 3333 California St, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA 94143 0503, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:144. 2012
    ..No previous studies have used an episode-of-care analysis to describe the frequency, duration, and predictors of bronchiolitis episodes of care during the first two years...
  3. pmc Persistent recurring wheezing in the fifth year of life after laboratory-confirmed, medically attended respiratory syncytial virus infection in infancy
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA, USA
    BMC Pediatr 13:97. 2013
    ..Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in infancy is associated with subsequent recurrent wheezing...
  4. doi Risk-adjusting hospital mortality using a comprehensive electronic record in an integrated health care delivery system
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Med Care 51:446-53. 2013
    ....
  5. ncbi Early detection of impending physiologic deterioration among patients who are not in intensive care: development of predictive models using data from an automated electronic medical record
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Hospital Operations Research, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    J Hosp Med 7:388-95. 2012
    ..Ward patients who experience unplanned transfer to intensive care units have excess morbidity and mortality...
  6. pmc Five-year neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal dehydration
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    J Pediatr 151:127-33, 133.e1. 2007
    ..To determine the long-term outcome of neonatal dehydration...
  7. ncbi Short-term outcomes of infants born at 35 and 36 weeks gestation: we need to ask more questions
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:28-33. 2006
    ..Newborns who are 35 to 36 weeks gestation comprise 7.0% of all live births and 58.3% of all premature infants in the United States. They have been studied much less than very low birth weight infants...
  8. pmc Unstudied infants: outcomes of moderately premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit
    G J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 91:F238-44. 2006
    ..Newborns of 30-34 weeks gestation comprise 3.9% of all live births in the United States and 32% of all premature infants. They have been studied much less than very low birthweight infants...
  9. pmc Rehospitalisation after birth hospitalisation: patterns among infants of all gestations
    G J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, 2000 Broadway, 2nd Floor, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Arch Dis Child 90:125-31. 2005
    ..To analyse rehospitalisation of newborns of all gestations...
  10. ncbi Risk adjusting community-acquired pneumonia hospital outcomes using automated databases
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 2000 Broadway, 2nd Fl, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Am J Manag Care 14:158-66. 2008
    ....
  11. ncbi Richardson score predicts short-term adverse respiratory outcomes in newborns >/=34 weeks gestation
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Oakland, California, USA
    J Pediatr 145:754-60. 2004
    ..To develop a model to predict which newborns >/=34 weeks gestation with respiratory distress will die or will require prolonged (>3 days) assisted ventilation...
  12. doi Risk-adjusting hospital inpatient mortality using automated inpatient, outpatient, and laboratory databases
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Systems Research Initiative and Perinatal Research Unit, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Med Care 46:232-9. 2008
    ..To develop a risk-adjustment methodology that maximizes the use of automated physiology and diagnosis data from the time period preceding hospitalization...
  13. ncbi A randomized comparison of home visits and hospital-based group follow-up visits after early postpartum discharge
    G J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program Perinatal Research Unit Division of Research, Oakland, California, USA
    Pediatrics 108:719-27. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi Rehospitalization for neonatal dehydration: a nested case-control study
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA 94611, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:155-61. 2002
    ..To determine the incidence of neonatal dehydration leading to rehospitalization, whether clinical and health services data could predict its occurrence, and the outcome of dehydrated infants...
  15. doi Intra-hospital transfers to a higher level of care: contribution to total hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality and length of stay (LOS)
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Hospital Operations Research, Division of Research, Oakland, California, USA
    J Hosp Med 6:74-80. 2011
    ..However, these findings have been based on single-center studies or studies that employ ICU admissions as the denominator...
  16. doi Recurrent wheezing in the third year of life among children born at 32 weeks' gestation or later: relationship to laboratory-confirmed, medically attended infection with respiratory syncytial virus during the first year of life
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Division of Research, Systems Research Initiative and Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:915-22. 2010
    ..To quantify the relationship between recurrent wheezing (RW) in the third year of life and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, prematurity, and neonatal oxygen exposure...
  17. ncbi Perinatal substance abuse intervention in obstetric clinics decreases adverse neonatal outcomes
    Mary Anne Armstrong
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research, Perinatal Research Unit, Oakland, CA 94611, USA
    J Perinatol 23:3-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate the effect of Early Start, a managed care organization's obstetric clinic-based perinatal substance abuse treatment program, on neonatal outcomes...
  18. ncbi Risk factors for developing apnea after immunization in the neonatal intensive care unit
    Nicola P Klein
    Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Studies Center, 1 Kaiser Plaza, 16th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Pediatrics 121:463-9. 2008
    ..Among hospitalized NICU infants, preimmunization apnea is a well-recognized predictor of postimmunization apnea. However, predictors for postimmunization apnea among NICU infants without preimmunization apnea have not been investigated...
  19. doi Effect of choice of estimation method on inter-hospital mortality rate comparisons
    Patricia Kipnis
    Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Management, Information and Analysis, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Med Care 48:458-65. 2010
    ..To evaluate and compare the use of 6 different methods for calculating expected mortality rates and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) when performing interhospital mortality rate comparisons...
  20. ncbi Increased prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among women with diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome: a population-based study
    Joan C Lo
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, Oakland, 94612 2304, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1915-7. 2006
  21. ncbi Outcomes among newborns with total serum bilirubin levels of 25 mg per deciliter or more
    Thomas B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:1889-900. 2006
    ..The neurodevelopmental risks associated with high total serum bilirubin levels in newborns are not well defined...
  22. pmc Using drink size to talk about drinking during pregnancy: a randomized clinical trial of Early Start Plus
    Mary Anne Armstrong
    Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Soc Work Health Care 48:90-103. 2009
    ..No differences between ES and ESP were statistically significant. ESP provides clinicians with an innovative assessment tool that creates open dialogue about drinking during pregnancy...
  23. ncbi What have we learned from observational studies on neonatal sepsis?
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Perinatal Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:S138-45. 2005
    ..To assess how observational studies on neonatal sepsis can help define the knowledge base required for neonatal randomized, clinical trials...
  24. ncbi Place of birth and variations in management of late preterm ("near-term") infants
    Marie C McCormick
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:44-7. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study is to characterize variations in management late preterm infants because such variations in such a large group of neonates would have economic and health implications...
  25. ncbi Jaundice noted in the first 24 hours after birth in a managed care organization
    Thomas B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of California, San Francisco, Campus Box 0560, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:1244-50. 2002
    ..To investigate the significance of jaundice noted in the first 24 hours after birth in a community setting...
  26. ncbi Infants with bilirubin levels of 30 mg/dL or more in a large managed care organization
    Thomas B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    Pediatrics 111:1303-11. 2003
    ..To describe the incidence, etiology, treatment, and outcome of newborns with total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels >or=30 mg/dL (513 micro mol/L)...
  27. ncbi Clinician support and psychosocial risk factors associated with breastfeeding discontinuation
    Elsie M Taveras
    Harvard Pediatric Health Services Research Fellowship Program, Children s Hospital of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 112:108-15. 2003
    ....
  28. ncbi Phototherapy use in jaundiced newborns in a large managed care organization: do clinicians adhere to the guideline?
    Lee R Atkinson
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e555-61. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine adherence to the guideline in a large managed care organization...
  29. ncbi Rehospitalization in the first year of life among infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Vincent C Smith
    Department of Neonatalogy, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Pediatr 144:799-803. 2004
    ..To describe rates and identify risk factors for rehospitalization during the first year of life among infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
  30. pmc Risk factors for severe hyperbilirubinemia among infants with borderline bilirubin levels: a nested case-control study
    Michael W Kuzniewicz
    Division of Neonatology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Pediatr 153:234-40. 2008
    ..To estimate the effect of phototherapy and other predictors on the risk of total serum bilirubin (TSB) >or= 25 mg/dL in infants with a TSB of 17 to 22.9 mg/dL at age >or= 48 hours...
  31. doi Factors influencing parental satisfaction with neonatal intensive care among the families of moderately premature infants
    Marie C McCormick
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 121:1111-8. 2008
    ..The goal was to examine the factors influencing parental satisfaction with neonatal intensive care for moderately premature infants in 10 hospitals in Massachusetts and California...
  32. ncbi Combining clinical risk factors with serum bilirubin levels to predict hyperbilirubinemia in newborns
    Thomas B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:113-9. 2005
    ....
  33. ncbi Racial differences in the use of respiratory medications in premature infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit
    Scott A Lorch
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Pediatr 151:604-10, 610.e1. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi Maternal ethnicity, paternal ethnicity, and parental ethnic discordance: predictors of preeclampsia
    Aaron B Caughey
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 106:156-61. 2005
    ..To examine the association of maternal and paternal ethnicity as well as parental ethnic discordance with preeclampsia...
  35. ncbi Incorporation of physiological trend and interaction effects in neonatal severity of illness scores: an experiment using a variant of the Richardson score
    Michael Kuzniewicz
    University of California San Francisco, Division of Neonatology, 533 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Intensive Care Med 33:1602-8. 2007
    ..To evaluate whether physiological trends and interaction terms could enhance predictive ability in a variant of the Richardson Score...
  36. ncbi Revalidation of the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology in the Vermont Oxford Network
    John A F Zupancic
    Department of Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave, Rose Building, Room 318, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e156-63. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi Effect of the systemic inflammatory response on biochemical markers of neonatal bacterial infection: a fresh look at old confounders
    Gabriel J Escobar
    Clin Chem 49:21-2. 2003
  38. ncbi Correlates of prescription drug use during pregnancy
    Erika Hyde Riley
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, Boston, Massachusetts 02120 1613, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:401-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate the extent of prescription drug use and the use of category D or X drugs during pregnancy and examine the maternal characteristics associated with use...
  39. pmc Neonatal intensive care unit census influences discharge of moderately preterm infants
    Jochen Profit
    Harvard Newborn Medicine Program, Children s Hospital Boston and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 119:314-9. 2007
    ..The decision to discharge should occur independent of unit census. We evaluated the impact of unit census on the decision to discharge moderately preterm infants...
  40. ncbi What is the best measure of maternal complications of term pregnancy: ongoing pregnancies or pregnancies delivered?
    Aaron B Caughey
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94080, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:1047-52. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether rates of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy increase beyond 37 weeks of gestation and to address how best to analyze these rates...
  41. ncbi Chorioamnionitis and cerebral palsy in term and near-term infants
    Yvonne W Wu
    Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    JAMA 290:2677-84. 2003
    ..Half of all cases of cerebral palsy (CP) occur in term infants, for whom risk factors have not been clearly defined. Recent studies suggest a possible role of chorioamnionitis...
  42. pmc Maternal and obstetric complications of pregnancy are associated with increasing gestational age at term
    Aaron B Caughey
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:155.e1-6. 2007
    ..We sought to estimate when rates of maternal pregnancy complications increase beyond 37 weeks of gestation...
  43. ncbi Hyperbilirubinemia benchmarking
    Thomas B Newman
    Pediatrics 114:323. 2004
  44. ncbi Trends in severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia rates between 1994 and 2002
    Vincent C Smith
    Department of Neonatology, Rose 318, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Pediatr 146:469-73. 2005
    ..To examine temporal trends in the rates of severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) between 1994 and 2002...
  45. ncbi Prepregnancy health status and the risk of preterm delivery
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:58-63. 2005
    ..Despite extensive evaluation, our understanding of risk factors for premature delivery is incomplete...
  46. ncbi Perinatal stroke in children with motor impairment: a population-based study
    Yvonne W Wu
    Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0136, USA
    Pediatrics 114:612-9. 2004
    ..Most previous studies lack an appropriate control group and include only infants with symptoms in the newborn period. We set out to determine prenatal and perinatal risk factors for PAS...

Research Grants11

  1. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK--HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Rapid Clinical Snapshots from the EMR among Pneumonia Patients
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Sepsis and Critical Illness in Babies > 34 Weeks Gestation
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our project builds on considerable development work conducted by investigators at Kaiser Permanente's Division of Research, the University of California, San Francisco, and the Harvard Newborn Medicine Program. ..
  4. Sepsis and Critical Illness in Babies > 34 Weeks Gestation
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our project builds on considerable development work conducted by investigators at Kaiser Permanente's Division of Research, the University of California, San Francisco, and the Harvard Newborn Medicine Program. ..
  5. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Rapid Clinical Snapshots from the EMR among Pneumonia Patients
    Gabriel J Escobar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....