Sheila K West

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Chlamydial positivity of nasal discharge at baseline is associated with ocular chlamydial positivity 2 months following azithromycin treatment
    Emily West Gower
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, 116 Wilmer Building, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4767-71. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Surgery for Trichiasis, Antibiotics to prevent Recurrence (STAR) Clinical Trial methodology
    Emily S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 12:279-86. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for postsurgical trichiasis recurrence in a trachoma-endemic area
    Emily S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:447-53. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Mass treatment and the effect on the load of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a trachoma-hyperendemic community
    Emily S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:83-7. 2005
  5. pmc The association between epilation and corneal opacity among eyes with trachomatous trichiasis
    E S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 116 Wilmer Building, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:171-4. 2006
  6. pmc Predictors of lane-change errors in older drivers
    Cynthia A Munro
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Meyer 218, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:457-64. 2010
  7. pmc Visual and cognitive deficits predict stopping or restricting driving: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Driving Study (SEEDS)
    Lisa Keay
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:107-13. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Impact of presbyopia on quality of life in a rural African setting
    Ilesh Patel
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:728-34. 2006
  9. doi request reprint Effect of trichiasis surgery on visual acuity outcomes in Ethiopia
    Tinsay A Woreta
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:1505-10. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Poor uptake of cataract surgery in nursing home residents: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation in Nursing Home Groups study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, The Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1581-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications97

  1. ncbi request reprint Chlamydial positivity of nasal discharge at baseline is associated with ocular chlamydial positivity 2 months following azithromycin treatment
    Emily West Gower
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, 116 Wilmer Building, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4767-71. 2006
    ..Routes of transmission remain unclear. In this study, the relationship between Chlamydia trachomatis Amplicor-positive nasal discharge and Amplicor-positive ocular swabs was investigated (Amplicor; Roche, Indianapolis, IN)...
  2. ncbi request reprint Surgery for Trichiasis, Antibiotics to prevent Recurrence (STAR) Clinical Trial methodology
    Emily S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 12:279-86. 2005
    ..The primary outcome is trichiasis recurrence at one-year. Data from this trial will be critical in helping to determine future policy on antibiotic treatment for C. trachomatis following surgery...
  3. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for postsurgical trichiasis recurrence in a trachoma-endemic area
    Emily S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:447-53. 2005
    ..The World Health Organization recommends trichiasis surgery to prevent blindness caused by trachoma; however, recurrence is common. Risk factors for recurrence have not been widely studied, particularly in trachoma hyperendemic areas...
  4. ncbi request reprint Mass treatment and the effect on the load of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a trachoma-hyperendemic community
    Emily S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:83-7. 2005
    ..Trachoma remains a leading cause of blindness. Determining the most effective antibiotic treatment strategy is essential for the success of country-based trachoma control programs...
  5. pmc The association between epilation and corneal opacity among eyes with trachomatous trichiasis
    E S West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 116 Wilmer Building, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:171-4. 2006
    ..To examine the association between epilation and corneal opacity (CO) among trichiasis patients presenting for surgery...
  6. pmc Predictors of lane-change errors in older drivers
    Cynthia A Munro
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Meyer 218, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:457-64. 2010
    ..To determine the factors that predict errors in executing proper lane changes among older drivers...
  7. pmc Visual and cognitive deficits predict stopping or restricting driving: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Driving Study (SEEDS)
    Lisa Keay
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:107-13. 2009
    ..To determine the visual and other factors that predict stopping or restricting driving in older drivers...
  8. ncbi request reprint Impact of presbyopia on quality of life in a rural African setting
    Ilesh Patel
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:728-34. 2006
    ..To determine the impact of uncorrected presbyopia on quality of life in rural Tanzania...
  9. doi request reprint Effect of trichiasis surgery on visual acuity outcomes in Ethiopia
    Tinsay A Woreta
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:1505-10. 2009
    ..To determine the effect of trichiasis surgery on visual acuity...
  10. ncbi request reprint Poor uptake of cataract surgery in nursing home residents: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation in Nursing Home Groups study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, The Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1581-7. 2005
    ..To compare the uptake of cataract surgery in nursing homes in which assistance was provided in obtaining services with that in control homes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Racial variations in causes of vision loss in nursing homes: The Salisbury Eye Evaluation in Nursing Home Groups (SEEING) Study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:1019-24. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence and causes of low vision in a large sample of nursing home residents...
  12. ncbi request reprint Single-dose azithromycin prevents trichiasis recurrence following surgery: randomized trial in Ethiopia
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute and Department of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:309-14. 2006
    ..Trichiasis recurrence following surgery is a serious problem for trachoma programs...
  13. pmc Estimating the rate of progressive visual field damage in those with open-angle glaucoma, from cross-sectional data
    Aimee Teo Broman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology and the Glaucoma Service, Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:66-76. 2008
    ..To estimate the rate of visual field progression in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) subjects, by using data from population-based cross-sectional studies...
  14. ncbi request reprint Glaucoma and quality of life: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation
    Ellen E Freeman
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:233-8. 2008
    ..To examine whether glaucoma status or measures of visual function affected by glaucoma are associated with self-reported difficulty with vision-intensive tasks in a population-based study...
  15. pmc Driving cessation and driving limitation in glaucoma: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project
    Pradeep Y Ramulu
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:1846-53. 2009
    ..To determine if glaucoma is associated with driving limitation or cessation...
  16. ncbi request reprint Health competence as predictor of access to care among Latinos in Baltimore
    Fannie Fonseca-Becker
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 111 Market Place, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 12:354-60. 2010
    ..005) to the power of the socio-demographic variables to predict access to care, making it an important tool for programs aiming to improve US Latinos' health...
  17. pmc Urban and rural differences in older drivers' failure to stop at stop signs
    Lisa Keay
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 41:995-1000. 2009
    ..In this cohort failure to stop at stop signs was not explained by poor vision or cognition. Conversely in urban areas, those who have visual field loss appear to be more cautious at stop signs...
  18. pmc Poor sense of direction is associated with constricted driving space in older drivers
    Kathleen A Turano
    Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Wilmer Room 129, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:348-55. 2009
    ..The SBSOD score also showed a significant association with women's self-reported driving restriction. The findings emphasize the need to explore the role of psychological factors, and include gender, in driving studies and models...
  19. ncbi request reprint Glaucoma and mobility performance: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project
    David S Friedman
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USAaryland
    Ophthalmology 114:2232-7. 2007
    ..To determine the impact of glaucoma on mobility in a population-based cohort...
  20. ncbi request reprint Trachoma and ocular Chlamydia trachomatis were not eliminated three years after two rounds of mass treatment in a trachoma hyperendemic village
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, JHU Hospital, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1492-7. 2007
    ..The rates of active trachoma and infection with C. trachomatis were determined in a community 3.5 years after two rounds of mass treatment with azithromycin...
  21. pmc Age, sex, and cohort effects in a longitudinal study of trachomatous scarring
    Meraf A Wolle
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:592-6. 2009
    ..To determine the 5-year incidence rate of scarring, and associated factors, in the population of Maindi, Tanzania...
  22. ncbi request reprint Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis after mass treatment of a trachoma hyperendemic community in Tanzania: a longitudinal study
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 366:1296-300. 2005
    ....
  23. pmc Do infants increase the risk of re-emergent infection in households after mass drug administration for trachoma?
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 9019, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:6040-2. 2011
    ..The authors sought to determine whether infants aged <6 months are a source of re-emergent infection in their families after mass treatment in trachoma-endemic communities...
  24. ncbi request reprint Cataract and barriers to cataract surgery in a US Hispanic population: Proyecto VER
    Aimee Teo Broman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1231-6. 2005
    ..To report the prevalence of visually significant cataract and cataract surgery and to determine demographic and socioeconomic factors that influence use of cataract surgery in a US Hispanic population...
  25. pmc Can clinical signs of trachoma be used after multiple rounds of mass antibiotic treatment to indicate infection?
    Beatriz Munoz
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:8806-10. 2011
    ..To evaluate combinations of clinical signs, using a modified World Health Organization (WHO) grading scheme, to predict a very low prevalence of infection at the community level after at least three rounds of mass drug administration (MDA)...
  26. pmc Discrepancies in the concordance of self-reported vision status and visual acuity in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study
    Mahmood El-Gasim
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 119:106-11. 2012
    ..To examine the association between self-rated vision and distance visual acuity by race and other factors...
  27. pmc Cortical, but not posterior subcapsular, cataract shows significant familial aggregation in an older population after adjustment for possible shared environmental factors
    Nathan Congdon
    The Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:73-7. 2005
    ..To quantify the risk for age-related cortical cataract and posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) associated with having an affected sibling after adjusting for known environmental and personal risk factors...
  28. pmc Heritability of refractive error and familial aggregation of myopia in an elderly American population
    Robert Wojciechowski
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1588-92. 2005
    ..To determine the heritability of refractive error and the familial aggregation of myopia in an older population...
  29. pmc Glaucoma and reading speed: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation project
    Pradeep Y Ramulu
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:82-7. 2009
    ..To determine if, and at what point, glaucoma affects spoken reading speed...
  30. ncbi request reprint Impact of dry eye on reading in a population-based sample of the elderly: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation
    Suzanne W van Landingham
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 98:639-44. 2014
    ..People with dry eye often complain of difficulty reading, but this perceived deficit has not been appropriately quantified. The purpose of this study is to determine if dry eye is associated with measurable reading deficits...
  31. pmc Can we stop mass drug administration prior to 3 annual rounds in communities with low prevalence of trachoma?: PRET Ziada trial results
    Jithin Yohannan
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, USA
    JAMA Ophthalmol 131:431-6. 2013
    ..However, stopping MDA prior to 3 rounds, if monitoring indicates an absence of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis even if FT persists, may be more cost-effective...
  32. ncbi request reprint Intensive insecticide spraying for fly control after mass antibiotic treatment for trachoma in a hyperendemic setting: a randomised trial
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 368:596-600. 2006
    ..We sought to determine whether insecticide spray intervention after mass antibiotic treatment could reduce trachoma and ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in hyperendemic neighbourhoods in Tanzania...
  33. ncbi request reprint Measures of visual function and percentage of preferred walking speed in older adults: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project
    Ilesh Patel
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:65-71. 2006
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and vision loss affects the topography of the attentional visual field
    Shirin E Hassan
    Lions Vision Center, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School ofMedicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:4672-8. 2008
    ..The purposes of this study were to describe the AVF in a large sample of older drivers and identify demographic, cognitive, and vision factors associated with AVF performance and shape...
  35. ncbi request reprint Population-based study of presbyopia in rural Tanzania
    Andrew G Burke
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:723-7. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of presbyopia in a rural African population...
  36. ncbi request reprint Compensatory strategy use identifies risk of incident disability for the visually impaired
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology and Lions Low Vision Center, Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe Street, Rm 129, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1242-7. 2005
    ..Use of compensatory strategies may be a marker for preclinical disability...
  37. doi request reprint Randomized trial of high dose azithromycin compared to standard dosing for children with severe trachoma in Tanzania
    J Peter Campbell
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:175-80. 2009
    ..We compared the C. trachomatis infection rates at six weeks post-treatment of children randomized to 30 mg/kg single dose of azithromycin versus 20 mg/kg single dose of azithromycin...
  38. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of age-related macular degeneration in a population-based sample of Hispanic people in Arizona: Proyecto VER
    Beatriz Munoz
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1575-80. 2005
    ..To report the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a population-based sample of Hispanic individuals aged 50 years and older...
  39. pmc Rates and risk factors for unfavorable outcomes 6 weeks after trichiasis surgery
    Emily W Gower
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:2704-11. 2011
    ..This study was conducted to evaluate risk factors for early trichiasis recurrence and other unfavorable short-term outcomes...
  40. ncbi request reprint Incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in second eyes of patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome and unilateral CMV retinitis
    John H Kempen
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 550 North Broadway, Suite 700, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 139:1028-34. 2005
    ..To evaluate the risk and risk factors for developing cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in previously uninvolved second eyes among patients with unilateral CMV retinitis...
  41. pmc Older drivers and failure to stop at red lights
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 2105, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 65:179-83. 2010
    ..We determined the rate of running red traffic lights among older drivers and the relationship of failure to stop to measures of vision and cognition...
  42. pmc Cohort and age effects of mass drug administration on prevalence of trachoma: a longitudinal study in rural Tanzania
    Nakul Shekhawat
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 55:2307-14. 2014
    ..Mass drug administration (MDA) is part of the SAFE strategy for trachoma elimination. This study examined the effect of three annual MDAs on prevalence of trachoma among 13 longitudinal cohorts of Tanzanian children...
  43. pmc The relationship between better-eye and integrated visual field mean deviation and visual disability
    Karun S Arora
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland Electronic address
    Ophthalmology 120:2476-84. 2013
    ....
  44. doi request reprint The decline in attentional visual fields over time among older participants in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Driving Study
    Prethy Rao
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:1839-44. 2013
    ..We investigated the risk factors associated with a decrease in AVF over time among participants in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Driving Study (SEEDS)...
  45. pmc Number of years of annual mass treatment with azithromycin needed to control trachoma in hyper-endemic communities in Tanzania
    Sheila K West
    Department of Opthalmology, Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:268-73. 2011
    ..We determined the prevalence of trachoma and infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in communities after 3-7 years of annual mass treatment in Tanzania...
  46. doi request reprint Motion-detection threshold and measures of balance in older adults: the SEE Project
    Ellen E Freeman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:5257-63. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify the visual factors associated with various levels of balance ability in a population-based study of older adults...
  47. ncbi request reprint Pattern of recurrence of trachomatous trichiasis after surgery surgical technique as an explanation
    Shannath L Merbs
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:705-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate the pattern of recurrence of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) after bilamellar tarsal rotation surgery for trachoma...
  48. pmc Determinants and heritability of intraocular pressure and cup-to-disc ratio in a defined older population
    Ta C Chang
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:1186-91. 2005
    ..To investigate the heritability of intraocular pressure (IOP) and cup-to-disc ratio (CDR) in an older well-defined population...
  49. ncbi request reprint Measures of visual function and their association with driving modification in older adults
    Ellen E Freeman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:514-20. 2006
    ..This project identifies what types of visual function loss are associated with subsequent driving modifications...
  50. ncbi request reprint Spatial clustering of ocular chlamydial infection over time following treatment, among households in a village in Tanzania
    Aimee Teo Broman
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:99-104. 2006
    ....
  51. pmc A randomized trial of two coverage targets for mass treatment with azithromycin for trachoma
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2415. 2013
    ..However, the additional value of higher coverage targeted at children with multiple rounds is unknown...
  52. pmc Does visual impairment affect mobility over time? The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study
    Bonnielin K Swenor
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:7683-90. 2013
    ..To determine if the odds of mobility disability increases at a different rate among visually impaired (VI) as compared with nonvisually impaired (NVI) over an 8-year period...
  53. doi request reprint Two-day dosing versus one-day dosing of azithromycin in children with severe trachoma in Tanzania
    J Peter Campbell
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 19:38-42. 2012
    ..To determine whether 2-day dosing of azithromycin may improve the efficacy of azithromycin dosing in children with severe trachoma...
  54. doi request reprint Racial differences in the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation (SEE) Project
    Susan B Bressler
    The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287 9228, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:241-5. 2008
    ..To determine differences in the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and its fundus manifestations in a population-based sample of older black and white Americans...
  55. pmc Knowledge of diabetic eye disease and vision care guidelines among Hispanic individuals in Baltimore with and without diabetes
    Beatriz Munoz
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe St, Room 118, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:968-74. 2008
    ..To determine gaps in knowledge and barriers to care for diabetic eye disease in Hispanic individuals in Baltimore, Maryland...
  56. pmc Impact of Trichiasis surgery on physical functioning in Ethiopian patients: STAR trial
    Meraf A Wolle
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 151:850-7. 2011
    ..To evaluate the physical functioning of Ethiopian trichiasis surgery patients before and 6 months after surgery...
  57. pmc Uncorrected refractive error in a Latino population: proyecto VER
    Jorge A Uribe
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 118:805-11. 2011
    ..To determine the prevalence of refractive error (RE), the proportion of those with uncorrected RE, and factors associated with uncorrected RE in Latino adults...
  58. ncbi request reprint The impact of visual impairment and eye disease on vision-related quality of life in a Mexican-American population: proyecto VER
    Aimee Teo Broman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:3393-8. 2002
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Racial differences and other risk factors for incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration: Salisbury Eye Evaluation (SEE) Project
    Margaret A Chang
    Retina Division and Dana Center for Preventative Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:2395-402. 2008
    ..To evaluate risk factors for the incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a racially heterogeneous, geriatric population...
  60. pmc Driving status and risk of entry into long-term care in older adults
    Ellen E Freeman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1254-9. 2006
    ..We assessed whether not driving is an independent risk factor for entering long-term care (LTC) institutions...
  61. pmc Functional improvement after one- and two-eye cataract surgery in the Salisbury Eye Evaluation
    Bryan S Lee
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 120:949-55. 2013
    ..To determine the impact that cataract and cataract surgery have on clinical measurements of vision, reading speed, objective mobility performance, and subjective visual functioning...
  62. pmc Sex differences in cognition in healthy elderly individuals
    Cynthia A Munro
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 19:759-68. 2012
    ..Our finding that the pattern of sex differences in cognition observed in young adults is observed in old age has implications for future studies of both healthy elderly individuals and of those with cognitive disorders...
  63. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic dosage in trachoma control programs: height as a surrogate for weight in children
    Beatriz Munoz
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:1464-9. 2003
    ..The purposes of this study were to determine whether an accurate dose could be determined by using height as a surrogate for weight and whether a single model of height-based dosage would be applicable in more than one setting...
  64. pmc Three-year outcomes of the surgery for trichiasis, antibiotics to prevent recurrence trial
    Fasika Woreta
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 130:427-31. 2012
    ..To determine whether treatment with oral azithromycin compared with topical tetracycline reduces the recurrence of trichiasis for up to 3 years following surgery for trichiasis...
  65. ncbi request reprint Visual field loss increases the risk of falls in older adults: the Salisbury eye evaluation
    Ellen E Freeman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:4445-50. 2007
    ..Falls are a serious and preventable problem in older adults. Impaired vision has been linked to risk of falls; however, the impact of deficits in specific components of vision on the risk of falls is not well known...
  66. pmc Change in function and spectacle-use 2 months after providing presbyopic spectacles in rural Tanzania
    Ilesh Patel
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 94:685-9. 2010
    ..To examine near vision spectacle retention and use, and changes in self-reported and performance-based near vision, 2 months after the provision of near vision spectacles...
  67. ncbi request reprint Mortality risk for patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis and acquired immune deficiency syndrome
    John H Kempen
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:1365-73. 2003
    ....
  68. pmc Risk factors for ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in children 6 months following mass treatment in Tanzania
    Luis Carlos Cajas-Monson
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e978. 2011
    ..High coverage is essential, especially in children as they are the infectious reservoir. However, infection remains post-mass treatment. We sought to determine risk factors for infection in children post-mass treatment...
  69. ncbi request reprint The association between myopia and various subtypes of lens opacity: SEE (Salisbury Eye Evaluation) project
    Margaret A Chang
    Wilmer Eye Institute and the Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:1395-401. 2005
    ..To establish the relationship between myopia and lens opacity...
  70. doi request reprint Constant ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis predicts risk of scarring in children in Tanzania
    Meraf A Wolle
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:243-7. 2009
    ..We propose to determine the 5-year incidence of scarring in children with a history of constant severe trachoma, constant infection, or both compared with children who had a history of neither...
  71. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of visual impairment interventions for nursing home residents: study design, baseline characteristics and visual loss
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 10:193-209. 2003
    ..In this paper, we present the baseline characteristics of our sample within the nursing homes...
  72. ncbi request reprint Measures of visual function and time to driving cessation in older adults
    Ellen E Freeman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 82:765-73. 2005
    ..It is important to identify the types of visual function loss that lead to driving cessation to better understand the relationship between vision and driving...
  73. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of open-angle glaucoma among blacks and whites 73 years and older: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Glaucoma Study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1625-30. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of glaucoma among black and white persons 73 years and older...
  74. ncbi request reprint Hormone replacement therapy, reproductive factors, and age-related macular degeneration: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project
    Ellen E Freeman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 12:37-45. 2005
    ..To evaluate a potential relationship between hormone replacement therapy (HRT), reproductive factors and age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  75. doi request reprint Issues in defining and measuring facial cleanliness for national trachoma control programs
    Rachel Zack
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Room 129, Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:426-31. 2008
    ..Additionally, behavior change programs in these districts in Tanzania should especially target families without tin roofs or latrines...
  76. ncbi request reprint Dynamic measures of visual function and their relationship to self-report of visual functioning
    Ellen E Freeman
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4762-6. 2006
    ..The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether dynamic measures of vision, such as dynamic acuity and motion threshold, are independently associated with self-reported difficulty in activities involving vision...
  77. ncbi request reprint Risk of vision loss in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    John H Kempen
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:466-76. 2003
    ..To characterize the effect of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis and its treatment on visual acuity in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome...
  78. ncbi request reprint Incidence and progression of lens opacities: effect of hormone replacement therapy and reproductive factors
    Ellen E Freeman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Epidemiology 15:451-7. 2004
    ..We explored the associations of HRT and reproductive factors with the incidence and progression of lens opacities over a 2-year period...
  79. ncbi request reprint Blindness, visual impairment and the problem of uncorrected refractive error in a Mexican-American population: Proyecto VER
    Beatriz Munoz
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:608-14. 2002
    ..To report the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment and the contribution of uncorrected refractive error to visual loss, in a population-based sample of Mexican Americans aged 40 and older...
  80. ncbi request reprint Visual acuity change and mortality in older adults
    Ellen E Freeman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4040-5. 2005
    ..The goals of this study are to determine whether visual acuity loss increases the risk of dying and to examine whether depressive symptoms act as a mediator in this relationship...
  81. ncbi request reprint Grating visual acuity using the preferential-looking method in elderly nursing home residents
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:2572-8. 2002
    ..To assess the performance of two approaches to visual acuity testing in a group of nursing home residents with cognitive impairment. The study was a cross-sectional comparison of the effectiveness of two tests of visual acuity...
  82. ncbi request reprint How does visual impairment affect performance on tasks of everyday life? The SEE Project. Salisbury Eye Evaluation
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:774-80. 2002
    ..To determine the association between performance on selected tasks of everyday life and impairment in visual acuity and contrast sensitivity...
  83. ncbi request reprint Is there an association between cataract surgery and age-related macular degeneration? Data from three population-based studies
    Ellen E Freeman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 9019, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 135:849-56. 2003
    ..To determine whether cataract surgery is associated with an increased prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in three independent population-based data sets...
  84. ncbi request reprint Model of risk of cortical cataract in the US population with exposure to increased ultraviolet radiation due to stratospheric ozone depletion
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1080-8. 2005
    ..Because of the high prevalence of cataract in older persons, at a 2003 cost of 3,370 dollars per cataract operation, this increase could represent an excess cost of 563 million dollars to 2.8 billion dollars...
  85. ncbi request reprint Validity of a personal and family history of cataract and cataract surgery in genetic studies
    Heidi Bowie
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:2905-8. 2003
    ..To determine the accuracy of a history of cataract and cataract surgery (self-report and for a sibling), and to determine which demographic, cognitive, and medical factors are predictive of an accurate history...
  86. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for Type II diabetes and diabetic retinopathy in a mexican-american population: Proyecto VER
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 134:390-8. 2002
    ..Risk factors for type II diabetes and diabetic retinopathy were determined in a population-based study of Mexican-Americans...
  87. ncbi request reprint Which members of a community need antibiotics to control trachoma? Conjunctival Chlamydia trachomatis infection load in Gambian villages
    Matthew J Burton
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:4215-22. 2003
    ....
  88. ncbi request reprint Re-emergence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection after mass antibiotic treatment of a trachoma-endemic Gambian community: a longitudinal study
    Matthew J Burton
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 365:1321-8. 2005
    ..We measured the effect of mass treatment on the conjunctival burden of Chlamydia trachomatis in a Gambian community with low to medium trachoma prevalence and investigated the rate, route, and determinants of re-emergent infection...
  89. pmc Visual and cognitive predictors of performance on brake reaction test: Salisbury eye evaluation driving study
    Lei Zhang
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 14:216-22. 2007
    ..Our aim is to determine the visual, cognitive, and physical factors predicting BRS in a population sample of 1425 older drivers...
  90. ncbi request reprint Relationship between trachoma and chronic and acute malnutrition in children in rural Ethiopia
    Andrew G Smith
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 53:308-12. 2007
    ..12-3.43), even after controlling for age, gender and infection status of other household members. Host factors including malnutrition may play a role in determining disease manifestations...
  91. ncbi request reprint Mass treatment with single-dose azithromycin for trachoma
    Anthony W Solomon
    Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 351:1962-71. 2004
    ..Trachoma, caused by repeated ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, is an important cause of blindness. Current recommended dosing intervals for mass azithromycin treatment for trachoma are based on a mathematical model...
  92. ncbi request reprint Field evaluation of a rapid point-of-care assay for targeting antibiotic treatment for trachoma control: a comparative study
    Claude Edouard C Michel
    Diagnostics Development Unit, Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Lancet 367:1585-90. 2006
    ..Unfortunately, TF correlates poorly with C trachomatis infection. We sought to assess a newly developed point-of-care (POC) assay compared with presence of TF for guiding the use of antibiotics for trachoma control...
  93. ncbi request reprint A prospective, population-based study of the role of visual impairment in motor vehicle crashes among older drivers: the SEE study
    Gary S Rubin
    Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11 43 Bath Street, London, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1483-91. 2007
    ..To determine the role of vision and visual attention factors in automobile crash involvement...
  94. ncbi request reprint Blinding trachoma: prevention with the safe strategy
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:18-23. 2003
    ..In the current climate of significant political and social momentum for trachoma control, the SAFE strategy is a safe bet to accomplish the elimination of blinding trachoma...
  95. ncbi request reprint Strategies for control of trachoma: observational study with quantitative PCR
    Anthony W Solomon
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
    Lancet 362:198-204. 2003
    ..At present, who needs to be treated is unclear. We aimed to establish the burden of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in three trachoma-endemic communities in Tanzania and The Gambia with real-time quantitative PCR...
  96. ncbi request reprint Causes of blindness and visual impairment in a population-based sample of U.S. Hispanics
    Jorge Rodriguez
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    Ophthalmology 109:737-43. 2002
    ..To describe the causes of blindness and visual impairment in a population-based sample of Hispanics...
  97. ncbi request reprint Ethnic variation in AMD-associated complement factor H polymorphism p.Tyr402His
    Michael A Grassi
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Hum Mutat 27:921-5. 2006
    ..This study suggests that there are other yet unidentified genetic factors important in the pathogenesis of AMD that may mitigate the effects of c.1204T>C, p.Tyr402His variant...