D Vlahov

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The role of needle exchange programs in HIV prevention
    D Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:75-80. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Prognostic indicators for AIDS and infectious disease death in HIV-infected injection drug users: plasma viral load and CD4+ cell count
    D Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 279:35-40. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in HIV-1 viral load and progression to AIDS
    H Farzadegan
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 352:1510-4. 1998
  4. ncbi request reprint Cell-associated infectious HIV-1 viral load as a predictor of clinical progression and survival among HIV-1 infected injection drug users and homosexual men
    C M Lyles
    The Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 15:99-108. 1999
  5. ncbi request reprint Initial plasma HIV-1 RNA levels and progression to AIDS in women and men
    T R Sterling
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 344:720-5. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Improvement of anemia among HIV-infected injection drug users receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy
    R D Semba
    Department of Ophthalmology, Schools of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:315-9. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in longitudinal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA levels among seroconverters
    T R Sterling
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University Schoolof Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Infect Dis 180:666-72. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in HLA class II associations with hepatitis C virus outcomes
    C L Thio
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 1001, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:16-21. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Class II HLA alleles and hepatitis B virus persistence in African Americans
    C L Thio
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:1004-6. 1999
  10. pmc Satellite exchange in the Baltimore Needle Exchange Program
    T W Valente
    Department of Population Dynamics, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:90-6. 1998

Detail Information

Publications69

  1. pmc The role of needle exchange programs in HIV prevention
    D Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:75-80. 1998
    ..NEPs do not result in increased drug use among participants or the recruitment of first-time drug users...
  2. ncbi request reprint Prognostic indicators for AIDS and infectious disease death in HIV-infected injection drug users: plasma viral load and CD4+ cell count
    D Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 279:35-40. 1998
    ..However, whether combining these markers improves prognostic accuracy and whether they predict prognosis for injection drug users (IDUs) and nonwhite persons infected with HIV has not been extensively investigated...
  3. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in HIV-1 viral load and progression to AIDS
    H Farzadegan
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 352:1510-4. 1998
    ..Plasma HIV-1 RNA measurements are used for initiation of antiretroviral treatments. Whether the viral-load association with prognosis is similar in women and men is unknown...
  4. ncbi request reprint Cell-associated infectious HIV-1 viral load as a predictor of clinical progression and survival among HIV-1 infected injection drug users and homosexual men
    C M Lyles
    The Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 15:99-108. 1999
    ..These data show that cell associated infectious HIV-1 viral load was significantly predictive of progression across risk groups for AIDS and death among those severely immune compromised...
  5. ncbi request reprint Initial plasma HIV-1 RNA levels and progression to AIDS in women and men
    T R Sterling
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 344:720-5. 2001
    ..Currently, the guidelines for initiating antiretroviral therapy are applied uniformly to women and men...
  6. ncbi request reprint Improvement of anemia among HIV-infected injection drug users receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy
    R D Semba
    Department of Ophthalmology, Schools of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:315-9. 2001
    ..HAART was associated with an improvement in anemia, and potential mechanisms that may be involved include a reduction in opportunistic infections and the anemia of chronic disease and an improvement in nutritional status...
  7. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in longitudinal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA levels among seroconverters
    T R Sterling
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University Schoolof Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Infect Dis 180:666-72. 1999
    ..Understanding the mechanisms responsible for the sex difference in VL may provide insight into HIV-1 pathogenesis...
  8. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in HLA class II associations with hepatitis C virus outcomes
    C L Thio
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 1001, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:16-21. 2001
    ..36; 95% CI, 1.23-4.52) and its DQB1*0201 haplotype. These results support a role for class II alleles in the immune response to HCV and underscore the importance of studying genetic associations in an ethnically diverse cohort...
  9. ncbi request reprint Class II HLA alleles and hepatitis B virus persistence in African Americans
    C L Thio
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:1004-6. 1999
    ..These results underscore the importance of the class II-mediated immune response in recovery from HBV infection...
  10. pmc Satellite exchange in the Baltimore Needle Exchange Program
    T W Valente
    Department of Population Dynamics, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:90-6. 1998
    ..Our second objective was to determine the degree that SEs contributed to needle exchange program (NEP) effectiveness...
  11. pmc Comparison of two measures of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 load in HIV risk groups
    C M Lyles
    Departments of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 36:3647-52. 1998
    ..These data also confirm a moderate correlation between cell-associated infectious viral load and plasma HIV RNA load, which appears to be similar by gender and across risk groups...
  12. pmc Needle-exchange attendance and health care utilization promote entry into detoxification
    S A Strathdee
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 76:448-60. 1999
    ..Creating and sustaining these linkages may facilitate entry into drug abuse treatment and serve the important public health goal of increasing the number of drug users in treatment...
  13. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in risk factors for hiv seroconversion among injection drug users: a 10-year perspective
    S A Strathdee
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room E6010, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1281-8. 2001
    ..Prospective studies that investigate both sexual and parenteral HIV risks among injection drug users (IDUs) are needed. We studied factors for HIV seroconversion among male and female IDUs in Baltimore, Md...
  14. pmc Factors associated with adolescent initiation of injection drug use
    C M Fuller
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:136-45. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which demographic, sexual, and non-injection drug use practices predict adolescent initiation of injection drug use...
  15. ncbi request reprint Infection with dual-tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variants associated with rapid total T cell decline and disease progression in injection drug users
    X F Yu
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 178:388-96. 1998
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Molecular and geographic patterns of tuberculosis transmission after 15 years of directly observed therapy
    W R Bishai
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    JAMA 280:1679-84. 1998
    ..Improved tuberculosis control measures such as uniform implementation of directly observed therapy might reduce the proportion of cases resulting from recent transmission...
  17. ncbi request reprint Sexual and drug risk-related behaviours after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users
    D Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS 15:2311-6. 2001
    ..To assess whether initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with a subsequent resumption of sexual and drug use risk behaviors...
  18. ncbi request reprint Cervical neoplasia and repeated positivity of human papillomavirus infection in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive and -seronegative women
    L Ahdieh
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 151:1148-57. 2000
    ..014) was fully explained by repeated HPV positivity induced by HIV infection (p = 0.648). Reversal of immunosuppression following potent antiretroviral therapy must be expected to have a dramatic impact on HIV-related CIN...
  19. ncbi request reprint Highly active antiretroviral therapy associated with improved anemia among HIV-infected women
    R D Semba
    Department of Ophthalmology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 15:473-80. 2001
    ..01), whereas there was no significant change in the prevalence of anemia among those on non-HAART ART or those who had no reported treatment. HAART is associated with a large reduction in anemia among HIV-infected women...
  20. pmc Vitamin A levels and human immunodeficiency virus load in injection drug users
    R D Semba
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 4:93-5. 1997
    ..HIV-infected adult women appear to be at higher risk of developing vitamin A deficiency...
  21. ncbi request reprint Dynamics of behavioral risk factors for HIV/AIDS: a 6-year prospective study of injection drug users
    D D Celentano
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St Room E6008, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 61:315-22. 2001
    ..Interventions staged according to risk behaviors, targeting incremental risk reduction rather than only promoting abstinence, may be more successful in reducing HIV transmission among drug injectors...
  22. ncbi request reprint Access to medical care and service utilization among injection drug users with HIV/AIDS
    A R Knowlton
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 64:55-62. 2001
    ..Daily alcohol use was associated with ER as the usual facility for care. Integration of substance abuse treatment, case management, and medical services delivery may contribute to improved HIV care for this population...
  23. ncbi request reprint An analysis of tumor necrosis factor alpha gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with natural clearance of hepatitis C virus infection
    C L Thio
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Genes Immun 5:294-300. 2004
    ..Further study of this polymorphism and haplotype is needed to understand these associations and the role of TNF-alpha in determining outcomes of HCV infection...
  24. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in injection-related behaviors among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland
    C A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 10:257-63. 1998
    ..The data also suggest that interventions need to address gender differences in the social context of risk behaviors...
  25. ncbi request reprint Dynamics of SEN virus infection among injection drug users
    L E Wilson
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231 1001, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:1315-9. 2001
    ..Among Baltimore IDUs, SENV-D and SENV-H infections are common and dynamic, including both viral clearance and reinfection. The clinical significance of SENV infection in this setting remains unknown...
  26. ncbi request reprint Comparison between a whole blood interferon-gamma release assay and tuberculin skin testing for the detection of tuberculosis infection among patients at risk for tuberculosis exposure
    M Kimura
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:1297-300. 1999
    ..As the TST is an imperfect standard, further evaluation of the IFN-gamma release assay among uninfected persons and persons with culture-confirmed tuberculosis will be useful...
  27. ncbi request reprint Pharmacy access to sterile syringes for injection drug users: attitudes of participants in a syringe exchange program
    B Junge
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 39:17-22. 1999
    ..To examine attitudes of participants of a van-based syringe exchange program (SEP) toward the hypothetical prospect of pharmacy-based syringe access...
  28. ncbi request reprint Early immunologic and virologic responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy and subsequent disease progression among HIV-infected injection drug users
    S H Mehta
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 19:637-45. 2007
    ..Interventions to reduce treatment interruptions and to provide continuity of HIV care during incarceration among IDUs are needed to improve responses and subsequent survival...
  29. pmc Drug abuse treatment success among needle exchange participants
    R Brooner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, John Hopkins University JHU School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:129-39. 1998
    ..This possibility was evaluated by comparing the treatment responses of new admissions with an outpatient opioid agonist treatment program in Baltimore, Maryland...
  30. ncbi request reprint Self-reported antiretroviral therapy in injection drug users
    D D Celentano
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 280:544-6. 1998
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Time to initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected injection drug users
    D D Celentano
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS 15:1707-15. 2001
    ..We assess factors associated with initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in HIV-infected IDUs...
  32. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion and evolution of the hepatitis C virus quasispecies
    Q Mao
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Virol 75:3259-67. 2001
    ..These results are consistent with the hypothesis that HIV infection alters the HCV quasispecies, but the number of subjects and observation time may be too low to characterize the full effect...
  33. pmc Patterns of HIV-1 evolution in individuals with differing rates of CD4 T cell decline
    R B Markham
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:12568-73. 1998
    ....
  34. pmc Isoniazid preventive therapy, hepatitis C virus infection, and hepatotoxicity among injection drug users infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    P Sadaphal
    Department of Epidemiology, The Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231-1001, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 33:1687-91. 2001
    ..The risk of transaminase value elevation and drug discontinuation for HCV-infected persons receiving isoniazid was within the range reported for populations with lower HCV prevalence...
  35. ncbi request reprint Socially desirable response tendency as a correlate of accuracy of self-reported HIV serostatus for HIV seropositive injection drug users
    C A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Addiction 93:1191-7. 1998
    ..This study examined the accuracy of self-reported HIV serostatus for injection drug users and the predictive validity of a measure of social desirability to detect inaccurate self-reports...
  36. pmc Seroreactivity to hepatitis E virus in areas where the disease is not endemic
    D L Thomas
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 35:1244-7. 1997
    ..Until the basis for HEV seroreactivity in such areas is elucidated, anti-HEV results should be interpreted with caution...
  37. ncbi request reprint Compliance with universal precautions among health care workers at three regional hospitals
    R R Gershon
    Department of Environmental Health Science, Johns Hopkins University, The School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Am J Infect Control 23:225-36. 1995
    ..Several modifiable variables were identified, and intervention programs that address as many of these factors as possible will probably succeed in facilitating employee compliance...
  38. ncbi request reprint Influence of injection drug use behavior on reported antiretroviral therapy use among women in the HIV Epidemiology Research study: on-site versus referral care
    A M Rompalo
    Johns Hopkins Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 0003, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:28-34. 2001
    ..It has been suggested that the clinical setting where patients are seen affects the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy...
  39. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal patterns of drug injection behavior in the ALIVE Study cohort,1988-2000: description and determinants
    N Galai
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:695-704. 2003
    ..This view emphasizes the need for prolonged efforts to sustain cessation and to prevent adverse health and social outcomes among injection drug users...
  40. ncbi request reprint Use of audio computer-assisted self-interviews to assess tuberculosis-related risk behaviors
    E D Riley
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:82-5. 2001
    ..Keywords: tuberculosis; HIV; self-report; drug use; computer-assisted..
  41. pmc Selective risk taking among needle exchange participants: implications for supplemental interventions
    T W Valente
    School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:406-11. 2001
    ..This study characterized social network context of HIV risk behavior among injection drug users who participated in a needle exchange program...
  42. ncbi request reprint Community-based programs for safe disposal of used needles and syringes
    G E Macalino
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 18:S111-9. 1998
    ..To review issues related to discarded syringes in the community and to describe community-based programs for the safe disposal of used needles and syringes...
  43. ncbi request reprint Correlates of attitudes concerning human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among hospital workers
    R R Gershon
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205
    Am J Infect Control 22:293-9. 1994
    ..These factors may be amenable to intervention among both clinical and nonclinical support hospital employees...
  44. ncbi request reprint Liver enzyme values in injection drug users with chronic hepatitis C
    S H Mehta
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Dig Liver Dis 37:674-80. 2005
    ..Liver enzymes fluctuate in chronic hepatitis C virus infection. However, the range that can be attributed to the course of hepatitis C virus (versus an intercurrent cause of hepatitis) is unknown...
  45. ncbi request reprint Terminology for drug injection practices among intravenous drug users in Baltimore
    A M Smith
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Int J Addict 27:435-53. 1992
    ..These data indicate substantial variation in terminology for drug injection practices. Further, they augment prior research showing that photographs may be used as a useful aid in survey research on drug experiences in the population...
  46. ncbi request reprint Correlates of infection control practices in dentistry
    R R Gershon
    Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Infect Control 26:29-34. 1998
    ..CONCLUSION: These data are encouraging in that recommended infection control practices are being adopted, at least among a sample of Maryland dentists. Strategies for further improvement are identified...
  47. ncbi request reprint Genetic influence of CXCR6 chemokine receptor alleles on PCP-mediated AIDS progression among African Americans
    P Duggal
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Genes Immun 4:245-50. 2003
    ..We suggest that CXCR6 may play a role in late-stage HIV-1 infection and may alter the progression to death after initial infection with PCP...
  48. ncbi request reprint MICA and recovery from hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B virus infections
    P S Karacki
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Genes Immun 5:261-6. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Explaining racial disparities in incidence of and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    S Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:534-43. 2007
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Haplotype analysis of the SDF-1 (CXCL12) gene in a longitudinal HIV-1/AIDS cohort study
    W S Modi
    SAIC Frederick, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702 1201, USA
    Genes Immun 6:691-8. 2005
    ..63, P=0.01). In the MACS cohort, rs1801157 was associated with AIDS-87 (RH=0.31, P=0.02) and with death (RH=0.18, P=0.02). Significant associations to a single disease outcome were found for two SNPs and one haplotype in AA...
  51. ncbi request reprint Physical activity in a cohort of HIV-positive and HIV-negative injection drug users
    E Smit
    School of Community Health, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207 0751, USA
    AIDS Care 18:1040-5. 2006
    ..More research is needed into the reasons and mechanism for the lack of vigorous activities, including behavioral, psychological and physiological reasons...
  52. ncbi request reprint Multiple access to sterile syringes for injection drug users: vending machines, needle exchange programs and legal pharmacy sales in Marseille, France
    J P Moatti
    INSERM Research Unit 379, Social Sciences Applied to Medical Innovation, Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marseille, France
    Eur Addict Res 7:40-5. 2001
    ..Assessment of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of combining such programs for the prevention of HIV and other infectious diseases among IDUs requires further comparative research...
  53. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of previous hepatitis B vaccination and infection among young drug-users in New York City
    S Amesty
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Center for Family and Community Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Community Health 33:139-48. 2008
    ..We were interested in determining correlates of immunization among younger (<25 years) and older (25 and older) DUs...
  54. pmc Highly active antiretroviral treatment does not increase sexual risk behaviour among French HIV infected injecting drug users
    A D Bouhnik
    Regional Centre for Disease Control of South Eastern France ORS PACA, Marseilles, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:349-53. 2002
    ..This study examined the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) on sexual risk behaviours of HIV infected injecting drug users (IDUs) included in the French MANIF 2000 cohort study...
  55. ncbi request reprint Sexual orientation and HIV infection prevalence among young Latino injection drug users in Harlem
    T Diaz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Office of Global AIDS Activities, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Womens Health Gend Based Med 10:371-80. 2001
    ..The high prevalence of HIV infection among WSW may, in part, be due to their having unprotected sex with older men, but studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm this...
  56. pmc Factors associated with prevalent hepatitis C: differences among young adult injection drug users in lower and upper Manhattan, New York City
    T Diaz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemiology Program Office, Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:23-30. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Several differences in factors associated with prevalent HCV infection existed among 2 populations of young injection drug users from the same city. Indirect transmission of HCV may occur...
  57. ncbi request reprint Health care utilization among young adult injection drug users in Harlem, New York
    A Cronquist
    Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Subst Abuse 13:17-27. 2001
    ..Young adult IDUs may benefit from increased efforts to help them arrange and maintain health insurance coverage, potentially at NEPs. NEPs may be connecting young IDUs with health insurance to medical care through referrals...
  58. ncbi request reprint Contrasting genetic influence of CCR2 and CCR5 variants on HIV-1 infection and disease progression. Hemophilia Growth and Development Study (HGDS), Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort Study (MHCS), San Francisco City Cohort
    M W Smith
    Science Applications International Corp Frederick, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702 1201, USA
    Science 277:959-65. 1997
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Effects of CCR5-Delta32, CCR2-64I, and SDF-1 3'A alleles on HIV-1 disease progression: An international meta-analysis of individual-patient data
    J P Ioannidis
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Ioannina 45110, Greece
    Ann Intern Med 135:782-95. 2001
    ..Studies relating certain chemokine and chemokine receptor gene alleles with the outcome of HIV-1 infection have yielded inconsistent results...
  60. ncbi request reprint Effect of a single amino acid change in MHC class I molecules on the rate of progression to AIDS
    X Gao
    Intramural Research Support Program, Science Applications International Corporation Frederick and the National Cancer Institute, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 344:1668-75. 2001
    ..We examined subtypes of HLA-B*35 in five cohorts and analyzed the relation of structural differences between HLA-B*35 subtypes to the risk of progression to AIDS...
  61. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for methadone outside treatment programs: implications for HIV treatment among injection drug users
    D Vlahov
    New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Addiction 102:771-7. 2007
    ..Among HIV-infected drug users, some antiretroviral medications can reduce potency of methadone, yet any association between such effects and the use of supplemental methadone sources remains undetermined...
  62. ncbi request reprint Cancer incidence in women with or at risk for HIV
    R M Phelps
    NOVA Research Company, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 94:753-7. 2001
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Retinoids and drugs of abuse: implications for neurological disease risk in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection
    W Royal
    Morehouse School of Medicine, Neuroscience Institute, Atlanta, Georgia 303101495, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:S427-32. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Alcohol drinking problems among New York City residents after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    D Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, NY 10029, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1295-311. 2006
    ..4% in nondrinkers), and depression (23.5% vs 5.6% vs. 4.9%, respectively) after September 11. After a disaster, a link between drinking problems and posttraumatic stress disorder or depression should be assessed...
  65. pmc Genetic restriction of HIV-1 pathogenesis to AIDS by promoter alleles of IL10
    H D Shin
    Science Applications International Corporation Frederick, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702 1201, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:14467-72. 2000
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Acceptance and completion of hepatitis B vaccination among drug users in New York City
    D C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Commun Dis Public Health 7:294-300. 2004
    ..HBV vaccination acceptance among drug users seems likely in programmes that are convenient and offer remuneration; however, extended efforts are needed to improve series completion...
  67. pmc The urban health "advantage"
    D Vlahov
    J Urban Health 82:1-4. 2005
  68. ncbi request reprint The urban built environment and overdose mortality in New York City neighborhoods
    C Hembree
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    Health Place 11:147-56. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Regional variation in CCR5-Delta32 gene distribution among women from the US HIV Epidemiology Research Study (HERS)
    M V Downer
    Division of AIDS, STD, and TB Laboratory Research, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Genes Immun 3:295-8. 2002
    ..6%) (P = 0.025). These regional differences could be accounted for by racial admixture in AAs, but not in whites. Regional variations should be considered when studying host genetic factors and HIV-1 in US populations...