B S Schwartz

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Associations of bone mineral density and lead levels in blood, tibia, and patella in urban-dwelling women
    Keson Theppeang
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:784-90. 2008
  2. pmc Cumulative lead dose and cognitive function in adults: a review of studies that measured both blood lead and bone lead
    Regina A Shih
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20892, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:483-92. 2007
  3. pmc The future of environmental medicine in Environmental Health Perspectives: where should we be headed?
    Brian S Schwartz
    Environ Health Perspect 113:A574-6. 2005
  4. pmc Global environmental change: what can health care providers and the environmental health community do about it now?
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1807-12. 2006
  5. pmc Disparities in cognitive functioning by race/ethnicity in the Baltimore Memory Study
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:314-20. 2004
  6. ncbi Lead and cognitive function in adults: a questions and answers approach to a review of the evidence for cause, treatment, and prevention
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 19:671-92. 2007
  7. pmc Evaluation of cumulative lead dose and longitudinal changes in structural magnetic resonance imaging in former organolead workers
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 52:407-14. 2010
  8. pmc Public health and medicine in an age of energy scarcity: the case of petroleum
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1560-7. 2011
  9. doi Body mass index and the built and social environments in children and adolescents using electronic health records
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:e17-28. 2011
  10. ncbi Associations of tibia lead, DMSA-chelatable lead, and blood lead with measures of peripheral nervous system function in former organolead manufacturing workers
    P L Tassler
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Ind Med 39:254-61. 2001

Detail Information

Publications71

  1. pmc Associations of bone mineral density and lead levels in blood, tibia, and patella in urban-dwelling women
    Keson Theppeang
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:784-90. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the relations between bone mineral density (BMD) and lead in blood, tibia, and patella and to investigate how BMD modifies these lead biomarkers in older women...
  2. pmc Cumulative lead dose and cognitive function in adults: a review of studies that measured both blood lead and bone lead
    Regina A Shih
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20892, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:483-92. 2007
    ..We review empirical evidence for the relations of recent and cumulative lead dose with cognitive function in adults...
  3. pmc The future of environmental medicine in Environmental Health Perspectives: where should we be headed?
    Brian S Schwartz
    Environ Health Perspect 113:A574-6. 2005
  4. pmc Global environmental change: what can health care providers and the environmental health community do about it now?
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1807-12. 2006
    ....
  5. pmc Disparities in cognitive functioning by race/ethnicity in the Baltimore Memory Study
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:314-20. 2004
    ....
  6. ncbi Lead and cognitive function in adults: a questions and answers approach to a review of the evidence for cause, treatment, and prevention
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 19:671-92. 2007
    ..The strong and compelling body of literature on lead and cognitive dysfunction and decline also supports a need for intervention studies to prevent lead-related cognitive decline...
  7. pmc Evaluation of cumulative lead dose and longitudinal changes in structural magnetic resonance imaging in former organolead workers
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 52:407-14. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Public health and medicine in an age of energy scarcity: the case of petroleum
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1560-7. 2011
    ..Uncertainty about the timing of the peak, the shape of the production curve, and decline rates should not delay action. The time for quick, decisive, comprehensive action is now...
  9. doi Body mass index and the built and social environments in children and adolescents using electronic health records
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:e17-28. 2011
    ..No prior studies in children have evaluated how age may modify relationships of the built and social environments with BMI, nor evaluated the range of scales and contexts over which places may influence health...
  10. ncbi Associations of tibia lead, DMSA-chelatable lead, and blood lead with measures of peripheral nervous system function in former organolead manufacturing workers
    P L Tassler
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Ind Med 39:254-61. 2001
    ....
  11. pmc Adult lead exposure: time for change
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:451-4. 2007
    ..We hope this mini-monograph will motivate renewed discussion of ways to protect lead-exposed adults in the United States and around the world...
  12. pmc Associations of tibial lead levels with BsmI polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor in former organolead manufacturing workers
    B S Schwartz
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:199-203. 2000
    ..Although controversy remains on the influence of the VDR genotype on bone mineral density, the data suggest that variant VDR alleles modify lead concentrations in bone, either by influencing lead content or calcium content or both...
  13. pmc Relations of brain volumes with cognitive function in males 45 years and older with past lead exposure
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neuroimage 37:633-41. 2007
    ..In this cohort, an interesting group in which to examine structure-function relations, this finding provides a necessary condition to support the hypothesis that lead may influence cognitive function by its effect on brain volumes...
  14. ncbi Associations of blood lead, dimercaptosuccinic acid-chelatable lead, and tibia lead with neurobehavioral test scores in South Korean lead workers
    B S Schwartz
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Room 7041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:453-64. 2001
    ..In these currently exposed workers, blood lead was a better predictor of neurobehavioral performance than was tibia or DMSA-chelatable lead, mainly in the domains of executive abilities, manual dexterity, and peripheral motor strength...
  15. pmc Associations of blood lead, dimercaptosuccinic acid-chelatable lead, and tibia lead with polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor and [delta]-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase genes
    B S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:949-54. 2000
    ..4 microg/g) than did workers with the VDR bb genotype. The current data confirm past observations that the ALAD gene modifies the toxicokinetics of lead and also provides new evidence that the VDR gene does so as well...
  16. ncbi Past adult lead exposure is associated with longitudinal decline in cognitive function
    B S Schwartz
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neurology 55:1144-50. 2000
    ..To determine whether adults with past exposure to neurotoxicants have progressive declines in cognitive function years after exposure has ceased, and whether tibia lead is a predictor of the magnitude of change...
  17. ncbi Environmental lead exposure and cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults
    R A Shih
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neurology 67:1556-62. 2006
    ..To determine if long-term exposure to high levels of lead in the environment is associated with decrements in cognitive ability in older Americans...
  18. pmc Associations of lead biomarkers with renal function in Korean lead workers
    V M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Occup Environ Med 60:551-62. 2003
    ..To compare associations of lead biomarkers with renal function in current and former lead workers...
  19. ncbi Associations of patella lead with polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor, delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase genes
    Keson Theppeang
    Departments of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:528-37. 2004
    ..6 microg Pb/g bone mineral) than lead workers with the VDR bb genotype. There was evidence that the relation between age and patella lead was modified by both the VDR and eNOS genotypes...
  20. pmc Characterization of toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics with linear systems theory: application to lead-associated cognitive decline
    J M Links
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2179, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:361-8. 2001
    ..We use lead-associated cognitive decline as a specific example where the approach may be applied...
  21. ncbi Association of blood lead and tibia lead with blood pressure and hypertension in a community sample of older adults
    David Martin
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:467-78. 2006
    ..These findings are discussed in the context of complex causal pathways. The data suggest that lead has an acute effect on blood pressure via recent dose and a chronic effect on hypertension risk via cumulative dose...
  22. pmc Associations of renal function with polymorphisms in the delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, vitamin D receptor, and nitric oxide synthase genes in Korean lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:1613-9. 2003
    ..08). No significant differences were seen in renal outcomes by VDR genotype, nor was consistent effect modification observed. The ALAD findings could be explained by lead-induced hyperfiltration...
  23. pmc Associations of uric acid with polymorphisms in the delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, vitamin D receptor, and nitric oxide synthase genes in Korean lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1509-15. 2005
    ..We conclude that genetic polymorphisms may modify uric acid mediation of lead-related adverse renal effects...
  24. pmc Gender and race/ethnicity differences in lead dose biomarkers
    Keson Theppeang
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Room W7041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1248-55. 2008
    ....
  25. ncbi Associations of salivary cortisol with cognitive function in the Baltimore memory study
    Brian K Lee
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:810-8. 2007
    ..Previous studies have concluded that an elevated level of cortisol is a risk factor for cognitive dysfunction and decline in aging but have been limited by sex exclusion, restricted cognitive batteries, and small sample sizes...
  26. ncbi The G(894)-T(894) polymorphism in the gene for endothelial nitric oxide synthase and blood pressure in lead-exposed workers from Korea
    Mark E Lustberg
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:584-90. 2004
    ..These data provide no evidence that the T allele is associated with higher blood pressure or modifies the association of lead dose with blood pressure...
  27. ncbi Associations of lead exposure and dose measures with erythrocyte protein kinase C activity in 212 current Korean lead workers
    K Y Hwang
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Toxicol Sci 62:280-8. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that human exposure to lead results in activation of erythrocyte protein kinase C, which may be directly relevant to the neurotoxicity of lead...
  28. ncbi Relation of alleles of the sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase alpha 2 gene with blood pressure and lead exposure
    B S Glenn
    Department of Neurology, Kennedy Krieger Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:537-45. 2001
    ..However, because the number of subjects (especially African Americans) with the susceptible genotype in this study was small, these observations should be considered preliminary...
  29. ncbi Comparison of patella lead with blood lead and tibia lead and their associations with neurobehavioral test scores
    Carrie D Dorsey
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 48:489-96. 2006
    ..Lead exposure in adults is associated with worse cognitive function in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Previous studies have mainly examined relations with blood lead or cortical bone lead; few have examined trabecular bone lead...
  30. ncbi The longitudinal association of lead with blood pressure
    Barbara S Glenn
    Kennedy Krieger Institute, Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 14:30-6. 2003
    ..Several investigators have reported an association of blood lead or bone lead with increased blood pressure and hypertension, but questions remain concerning whether these effects are acute or chronic in nature...
  31. ncbi Occupational lead exposure and longitudinal decline in neurobehavioral test scores
    Brian S Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Epidemiology 16:106-13. 2005
    ....
  32. pmc Associations among lead dose biomarkers, uric acid, and renal function in Korean lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:36-42. 2005
    ..In conclusion, our data suggest that older workers comprise a susceptible population for increased uric acid due to lead. Uric acid may be one, but not the only, mechanism for lead-related nephrotoxicity...
  33. ncbi Predictors of blood lead levels in organolead manufacturing workers
    M P McGrail
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 37:1224-9. 1995
    ..Finally, the data suggest that recent external lead exposure and internal lead stores both influenced blood lead levels in these workers...
  34. doi A population-based study of the epidemiology and clinical features of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in Pennsylvania, 2001-2010
    J A Casey
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 141:1166-79. 2013
    ..Age, season, community socioeconomic deprivation, obesity, smoking, previous SSTI, and antibiotic administration were identified as independent risk factors for CA-MRSA...
  35. ncbi Clinical evaluation of 58 organolead manufacturing workers
    C S Mitchell
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 38:372-8. 1996
    ..The clinical presentation and evaluation of workers exposed to organic lead are discussed...
  36. pmc Neighborhood psychosocial hazards and cardiovascular disease: the Baltimore Memory Study
    Toms Augustin
    Center on Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1664-70. 2008
    ....
  37. pmc Environmental risk factors for Lyme disease identified with geographic information systems
    G E Glass
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 85:944-8. 1995
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Combining a geographic information system with epidemiologic methods can be used to rapidly identify risk factors of zoonotic disease over large areas...
  38. ncbi Simple visual reaction time in organolead manufacturing workers: comparison of different methods of modeling lead exposure and reaction time
    J M Balbus
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Ind Med 32:544-9. 1997
    ..e., blood lead level) than with cumulative measures (i.e., cumulative exposure). Future studies using SVRT should consider parameters of SVRT that have not been commonly used to date, such as the standard deviation of the SVRT...
  39. pmc Apolipoprotein e genotype, cortisol, and cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults
    Brian K Lee
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:1456-64. 2008
    ..Elevated cortisol indicates stress and may be a risk factor for cognitive decline in aging. Genetic factors may influence individual vulnerability to the adverse effects of stress on cognitive function in aging...
  40. pmc Cumulative lead dose and cognitive function in older adults
    Karen Bandeen-Roche
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 20:831-9. 2009
    ..We evaluated whether cumulative lead dose from environmental exposures is associated with cognitive function and decline, and whether such effects are persistent, reversible, or progressive...
  41. pmc Neighborhood psychosocial hazards and the association of cumulative lead dose with cognitive function in older adults
    Thomas A Glass
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:683-92. 2009
    ..067; executive functioning, P = 0.025). The joint occurrence of environmental stress and lead exposure across the life span may partially explain persistent racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in cognitive function in late life...
  42. pmc Are brain volumes based on magnetic resonance imaging mediators of the associations of cumulative lead dose with cognitive function?
    Brian Caffo
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:429-37. 2008
    ..The approach to evaluating volumetric mediation may have general applicability in epidemiologic neuroimaging settings...
  43. pmc Associations of low-level urine cadmium with kidney function in lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Rm 7041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Occup Environ Med 68:250-6. 2011
    ..Few studies have examined the impact of low-level cadmium exposure in workers who are occupationally exposed to other nephrotoxicants such as lead...
  44. pmc Adaptive control of the false discovery rate in voxel-based morphometry
    Sining Chen
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2304-11. 2009
    ..We demonstrate mathematically, with simulations, and with a data example that these procedures provide improved performance over the B-H procedure...
  45. doi Bone lead levels and blood pressure endpoints: a meta-analysis
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 19:496-504. 2008
    ..We performed a meta-analysis of the association of bone lead levels with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and hypertension using published data...
  46. doi Associations between patella lead and blood pressure in lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Ind Med 51:336-43. 2008
    ....
  47. pmc Neighborhoods and obesity in older adults: the Baltimore Memory Study
    Thomas A Glass
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Prev Med 31:455-63. 2006
    ..This study investigated whether neighborhood psychosocial hazards independent of individual risk factors were associated with increased odds of obesity...
  48. pmc ApoE genotype, past adult lead exposure, and neurobehavioral function
    Walter F Stewart
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:501-5. 2002
    ..In particular, the persistent CNS effect of lead may be more toxic in individuals who have at least one ApoE-Epsilon4 allele...
  49. ncbi Homocysteine and cognitive function in a population-based study of older adults
    Jyme H Schafer
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:381-8. 2005
    ..To assess the relations between homocysteine levels and neurobehavioral test scores representing a broad range of cognitive domains in a population-based study of older adults...
  50. ncbi Associations of patella lead and other lead biomarkers with renal function in lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 47:235-43. 2005
    ..We sought to compare associations of patella lead, which may represent a unique cumulative and bioavailable lead pool, with other lead measures in models of renal function...
  51. pmc Protein kinase C activity and the relations between blood lead and neurobehavioral function in lead workers
    Kyu Yoon Hwang
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:133-8. 2002
    ..We hypothesize that subjects with higher PKC activity in the presence of lead may be more susceptible to the health effects of lead...
  52. pmc Blood lead is a predictor of homocysteine levels in a population-based study of older adults
    Jyme H Schafer
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:31-5. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi Arsenic exposure and cardiovascular disease: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1037-49. 2005
    ..In other populations or in occupational settings, the evidence was inconclusive. Because of the high prevalence of arsenic exposure, carefully performed studies of arsenic and cardiovascular outcomes should be a research priority...
  54. ncbi Confounding of the relation between homocysteine and peripheral arterial disease by lead, cadmium, and renal function
    Eliseo Guallar
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:700-8. 2006
    ..The association of lead and cadmium with PAD risk deserves further investigation...
  55. ncbi Effect modification by delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, vitamin D receptor, and nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms on associations between patella lead and renal function in lead workers
    Virginia M Weaver
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Res 102:61-9. 2006
    ..In conclusion, VDR and/or ALAD genotypes modified associations between all the lead biomarkers, except patella lead, and the renal outcomes...
  56. pmc Occupational risk of Lyme disease: an epidemiological review
    J D Piacentino
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Occup Environ Med 59:75-84. 2002
    ..The availability of a new vaccine to prevent Lyme disease makes it necessary for occupational health professionals to make decisions regarding the occupational risk of the disease among employees...
  57. ncbi Findings on brain MRI from research studies of occupational exposure to known neurotoxicants
    Hannah H Alphs
    Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Phipps Building, Room B112, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:1043-7. 2006
    ..Our purpose is to identify the prevalence of incidental neuroradiologic abnormalities in an adult population with past occupational exposure to lead who underwent brain MRI as part of a large, longitudinal cohort study...
  58. doi The built environment and obesity: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence
    Jing Feng
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Place 16:175-90. 2010
    ..There was very little between-study similarity in methods in both types of approaches, which prevented estimation of pooled effects. The great heterogeneity across studies limits what can be learned from this body of evidence...
  59. pmc The pitfalls of hair analysis for toxicants in clinical practice: three case reports
    Melissa Frisch
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:433-6. 2002
    ....
  60. ncbi Longitudinal evaluation of an educational intervention for preventing tick bites in an area with endemic lyme disease in Baltimore County, Maryland
    Rebecca Malouin
    Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:1039-51. 2003
    ..The behavioral intervention was associated with an increase in the KAB measures in the intervention group, but this change was not associated with change in ARTCA levels...
  61. ncbi Summary of historical beryllium uses and airborne concentration levels at Los Alamos National Laboratory
    Aleksandr B Stefaniak
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 18:708-15. 2003
    ....
  62. ncbi Effects of lead on the adult brain: a 15-year exploration
    Walter F Stewart
    Center for Health Research, Geisinger Clinic, Danville, Pennsylvania 17822, USA
    Am J Ind Med 50:729-39. 2007
    ..Historically, there has been minimal concern about the effect of adult lead exposure on the brain. Evidence from recent longitudinal studies raise concerns about the long-term effects of past exposure...
  63. pmc Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase polymorphism and risk of brain tumors in adults
    Preetha Rajaraman
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1209-11. 2005
    ..2; 95% CI, 0.7-2.2). No increased risk associated with the ALAD2 variant was observed for glioma or acoustic neuroma. These findings suggest that the ALAD2 allele may increase genetic susceptibility to meningioma...
  64. ncbi Lead, genetic susceptibility, and risk of adult brain tumors
    Preetha Rajaraman
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS Room 7085, Bethesda, MD 20892 7238, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2514-20. 2006
    ..The ALAD G177C polymorphism affects the toxicokinetics of lead and may confer genetic susceptibility to adverse effects of lead exposure...
  65. pmc The epidemiology of lead toxicity in adults: measuring dose and consideration of other methodologic issues
    Howard Hu
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:455-62. 2007
    ..In addition, we also discuss methodologic challenges that arise in studies of occupationally and environmentally exposed subjects and those concerning race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status and other important covariates...
  66. pmc Recommendations for medical management of adult lead exposure
    Michael J Kosnett
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80202, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:463-71. 2007
    ..Chelation may have an adjunctive role in the medical management of highly exposed adults with symptomatic lead intoxication but is not recommended for asymptomatic individuals with low blood lead concentrations...
  67. pmc Multivariate modeling of age and retest in longitudinal studies of cognitive abilities
    Emilio Ferrer
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
    Psychol Aging 20:412-22. 2005
    ..The authors suggest that although the changes in memory and processing speed may be correlated over time, age alone does not capture such a covariation...
  68. ncbi Changes in systolic blood pressure associated with lead in blood and bone
    Barbara S Glenn
    Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Epidemiology 17:538-44. 2006
    ..It is not clear whether the observed associations reflect an immediate response to lead as a consequence of recent dose or rather are a persistent effect of cumulative dose over a lifetime...
  69. ncbi Texaco and its consultants
    Jaime Breilh
    Int J Occup Environ Health 11:217-20. 2005
  70. ncbi Occupational health in Brazil
    Elizabeth Costa Dias
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av lfredo Balena 190 10 024, 30 130 100 Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Occup Med 17:523-37, vi. 2002
    ..Also included is a lengthy table covering OSH steps, strategies, and approaches; national needs; and suggestions for international assistance...
  71. ncbi Modeling age and retest processes in longitudinal studies of cognitive abilities
    Emilio Ferrer
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:243-59. 2004
    ..It is suggested that both age and retest should be modeled simultaneously when analyzing longitudinal data because part of the change across occasions may be attributable to practice or reactive effects...

Research Grants10

  1. EXPLAINING DISPARITIES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN SENIORS
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  2. EXPLAINING DISPARITIES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN SENIORS
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  3. EXPLAINING DISPARITIES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN SENIORS
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral Decline
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  5. Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral Decline
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  6. Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral Decline
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  7. EXPLAINING DISPARITIES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN SENIORS
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  8. EXPLAINING DISPARITIES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN SENIORS
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  9. EXPLAINING DISPARITIES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN SENIORS
    Brian S Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....