Kenrad E Nelson

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Risk behaviors and HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C seroprevalence among injection drug users in Georgia
    Ekaterine Shapatava
    Georgian Infectious Diseases, AIDS and Clinical Immunology Research Center, Tbilisi, Georgia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 82:S35-8. 2006
  2. pmc Changes in HIV Incidence among People Who Inject Drugs in Taiwan following Introduction of a Harm Reduction Program: A Study of Two Cohorts
    Yen Fang Huang
    Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, Taiwan Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    PLoS Med 11:e1001625. 2014
  3. pmc Associated factors for recommending HBV vaccination to children among Georgian health care workers
    Maia Butsashvili
    National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, 9 Asatiani st, Tbilisi, 0177, Georgia
    BMC Infect Dis 12:362. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Invited commentary: Influenza vaccine and Guillain-Barre syndrome--is there a risk?
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:1129-32. 2012
  5. doi request reprint The epidemiology of hepatitis E virus infections in developed countries and among immunocompromised patients
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 9:1133-48. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV infection in young men in northern Thailand, 1991-1998: increasing role of injection drug use
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:62-8. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Temporal trends in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and risk behavior among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, 1988-1998
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:641-53. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Diarrhea among young children in an industrialized country
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 Wolfe Street, E7132, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 17:6-7. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint High rates of transmission of subtype E human immunodeficiency virus type 1 among heterosexual couples in Northern Thailand: role of sexually transmitted diseases and immune compromise
    K E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 180:337-43. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Tuberculin testing to detect latent tuberculosis in developing countries
    Kenrad Nelson
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 18:348-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications87

  1. ncbi request reprint Risk behaviors and HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C seroprevalence among injection drug users in Georgia
    Ekaterine Shapatava
    Georgian Infectious Diseases, AIDS and Clinical Immunology Research Center, Tbilisi, Georgia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 82:S35-8. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence and risk behaviors for HIV, HBV, and HCV infection among IDUs in Georgia...
  2. pmc Changes in HIV Incidence among People Who Inject Drugs in Taiwan following Introduction of a Harm Reduction Program: A Study of Two Cohorts
    Yen Fang Huang
    Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, Taiwan Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    PLoS Med 11:e1001625. 2014
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the association between harm reduction programs and HIV incidence among PWID...
  3. pmc Associated factors for recommending HBV vaccination to children among Georgian health care workers
    Maia Butsashvili
    National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, 9 Asatiani st, Tbilisi, 0177, Georgia
    BMC Infect Dis 12:362. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to ascertain the factors associated with health care worker recommendations regarding newborn HBV vaccination...
  4. doi request reprint Invited commentary: Influenza vaccine and Guillain-Barre syndrome--is there a risk?
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:1129-32. 2012
    ....
  5. doi request reprint The epidemiology of hepatitis E virus infections in developed countries and among immunocompromised patients
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 9:1133-48. 2011
    ..We will review recent reports of acute and chronic HEV infections among transplant recipients and other immunocompromised individuals including HIV/AIDS patients...
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV infection in young men in northern Thailand, 1991-1998: increasing role of injection drug use
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:62-8. 2002
    ..Nevertheless, injection drug use has emerged as an important risk behavior and is maintaining endemic HIV transmission in Thailand...
  7. ncbi request reprint Temporal trends in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and risk behavior among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, 1988-1998
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:641-53. 2002
    ..These data suggest that high-risk behavior and HIV incidence among IDUs have decreased recently in Baltimore. Nevertheless, additional prevention strategies are needed in these populations...
  8. ncbi request reprint Diarrhea among young children in an industrialized country
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 Wolfe Street, E7132, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 17:6-7. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint High rates of transmission of subtype E human immunodeficiency virus type 1 among heterosexual couples in Northern Thailand: role of sexually transmitted diseases and immune compromise
    K E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 180:337-43. 1999
    ..It appears that female partners of men infected with subtype E HIV-1 are at high risk of infection even when the man's CD4+ cell count is relatively high. A high rate of STDs may contribute significantly to this risk [corrected]...
  10. ncbi request reprint Tuberculin testing to detect latent tuberculosis in developing countries
    Kenrad Nelson
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 18:348-9. 2007
    ..The evidence from the Guinea-Bissau study suggests that a history of BCG vaccination should not be an obstacle to the diagnosis and treatment of latent tuberculosis...
  11. doi request reprint Survival of blood donors and their spouses with HIV-1 subtype E (CRF01 A_E) infection in northern Thailand, 1992-2007
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of PublicHealth, 615N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS 21:S47-54. 2007
    ..To evaluate the survival patterns among adults in Thailand 8-14 years after HIV-1 subtype E (CRF01 A_E) infection...
  12. ncbi request reprint Confirmatory testing of hepatitis C virus-positive enzyme immunoassay results in limited-resource countries: should it be attempted?
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Bloomberg School of Public Health and School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Transfusion 48:1239-44. 2008
  13. ncbi request reprint Leprosy and HIV infection (rarely the twain shall meet?)
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 73:131-4. 2005
  14. ncbi request reprint Global changes in the epidemiology of hepatitis A virus infections
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 42:1151-2. 2006
  15. doi request reprint Mortality after chronic hepatitis B virus infection: a linkage study involving 2 million parous women from Taiwan
    Chyng Wen Fwu
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Infect Dis 201:1016-23. 2010
    ..We investigated the overall and disease-specific mortality rates in a nationwide cohort of women after they were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) during pregnancy...
  16. pmc An exploratory case control study of risk factors for hepatitis E in rural Bangladesh
    Alain B Labrique
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e61351. 2013
    ..This study also raises the novel possibility of parenteral and person-to-person transmission of HEV in non-epidemic, sporadic disease settings...
  17. doi request reprint Hepatitis B virus infection and risk of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a cohort study of parous women in Taiwan
    Chyng Wen Fwu
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Hepatology 53:1217-25. 2011
    ..81 and 0.60 per 100,000 person-years, respectively; HR(adj) [95% CI]: 3.09 [2.06-4.64]). The significantly increased risk was not observed for other specific subtypes of NHL...
  18. pmc Epidemiology and risk factors of incident hepatitis E virus infections in rural Bangladesh
    Alain B Labrique
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:952-61. 2010
    ..This is the first study to document annual HEV infection rates among "healthy" and very young to elderly subjects in a rural Bangladeshi population...
  19. pmc Changes in blood-borne infection risk among injection drug users
    Shruti H Mehta
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 203:587-94. 2011
    ..Population-level hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection incidence is a surrogate for community drug-related risk...
  20. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcification, atherogenic lipid changes, and increased erythrocyte volume in black injection drug users infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 treated with protease inhibitors
    Qingyi Meng
    Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am Heart J 144:642-8. 2002
    ..Protease inhibitors (PIs) may be associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We assessed the effects of HIV PIs on subclinical atherosclerosis...
  21. ncbi request reprint HIV incidence among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland (1988-2004)
    Shruti H Mehta
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:368-72. 2006
    ..We examined recent trends (1999-2004) in HIV incidence among a cohort of injection drug users (IDUs) followed since 1988 in Baltimore, Maryland...
  22. pmc Not all injection drug users are created equal: heterogeneity of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B virus infection in Georgia
    Mark H Kuniholm
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 43:1424-37. 2008
    ..Identification of high-risk IDU subpopulations is vital to efficiently target risk reduction programs and to prevent confounding by risk status in large HIV/AIDS behavioral intervention and vaccine trials...
  23. pmc Predictors of reported influenza vaccination in HIV-infected women in the United States, 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 seasons
    Keri N Althoff
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Prev Med 50:223-9. 2010
    ..To estimate the cumulative incidence of self-reported influenza vaccination ("vaccination coverage") and investigate predictors in HIV-infected women...
  24. ncbi request reprint Personal history of voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) among adults aged 19-35 years living in peri-urban communities, Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand
    Surinda Kawichai
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Behav 9:233-42. 2005
    ..A Thai government policy enforcing effective counseling to accompany HIV testing is urgently needed...
  25. ncbi request reprint Mortality risk among new onset injection drug users
    David Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Addiction 99:946-54. 2004
    ..To characterize mortality experience among those who only recently started injection...
  26. ncbi request reprint The effect of HIV infection on overdose mortality
    Cunlin Wang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS 19:935-42. 2005
    ..To quantify the association of HIV infection with overdose mortality and explore the potential mechanisms...
  27. pmc Risk factors and algorithms to identify hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV among Georgian tuberculosis patients
    Mark H Kuniholm
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite E7133, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 12:51-6. 2008
    ..To determine prevalence, risk factors, and simple identification algorithms for HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C co-infection; factors that may predispose for anti-tuberculosis therapy-induced hepatotoxicity...
  28. ncbi request reprint Mortality in HIV-seropositive versus -seronegative persons in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: implications for when to initiate therapy
    Cunlin Wang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:1046-54. 2004
    ..The optimal time to initiate highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) remains unclear...
  29. doi request reprint Identifying the probable timing and setting of respiratory virus infections
    Justin Lessler
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:809-15. 2010
    ..Show how detailed incubation period estimates can be used to identify and investigate potential healthcare-associated infections and dangerous diseases...
  30. doi request reprint Population seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus antibodies in rural Bangladesh
    Alain B Labrique
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:875-81. 2009
    ..5%) tested individuals. Our data suggest that viral hepatitis, especially HEV, remains an under-recognized and significant public health problem in rural Bangladeshi populations, warranting further attention...
  31. pmc Prevalence, correlates, and viral dynamics of hepatitis delta among injection drug users
    Lauren M Kucirka
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 202:845-52. 2010
    ..Accurate estimates of prevalence and risk factors are important to help clinicians decide who to screen...
  32. pmc Fetal and neonatal health consequences of vertically transmitted hepatitis E virus infection
    Lisa J Krain
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 90:365-70. 2014
    ..and contribute appreciably to neonatal morbidity and mortality? (3) How do treatment decisions for severely ill mothers affect fetal and neonatal outcomes? (4) Can maternal vaccination effectively prevent vertical transmission of HEV?..
  33. ncbi request reprint Severity and correlates of liver disease in hepatitis C virus-infected injection drug users
    Rudra Rai
    Division of Gastroenterology, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231 1001, USA
    Hepatology 35:1247-55. 2002
    ..In conclusion, these data indicate that severe liver disease is uncommon in this urban, HCV-infected IDU cohort, especially in younger persons and those with repeatedly normal liver enzymes...
  34. ncbi request reprint Profiles of HIV voluntary counseling and testing of clients at a district hospital, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand, from 1995 to 1999
    Surinda Kawichai
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:493-502. 2002
    ..44, p =.002). Overall, VCT acceptance and returning for test results were high. VCT services at the community level can reach high-risk individuals, especially male partners of women tested as part of routine prenatal care...
  35. ncbi request reprint Demographic characteristics and risks for transfusion-transmissible infection among blood donors in Xinjiang autonomous region, People's Republic of China
    Nickolas Zaller
    Departments of Epidemiology and International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Transfusion 46:265-71. 2006
    ..Understanding donor demographics and donor characteristics is crucial for any blood center in developing strategies to recruit potential donors. STUDY DESIGN and..
  36. doi request reprint A qualitative study on commercial sex behaviors among male clients in Sichuan Province, China
    Cui Yang
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 22:246-52. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings for further research and interventions are discussed...
  37. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection among blood donors in Georgia
    Nickolas Zaller
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:547-53. 2004
    ..This study was conducted in order to evaluate potential risk factors for HCV infection among blood donors in Georgia...
  38. pmc Host immune status and response to hepatitis E virus infection
    Lisa J Krain
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 27:139-65. 2014
    ..We conclude by discussing outstanding questions about the immune response to HEV and interactions with hormones and comorbid conditions. These questions take on heightened importance now that a vaccine is available...
  39. pmc Hepatitis E, a vaccine-preventable cause of maternal deaths
    Alain B Labrique
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Rm E5543, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1401-4. 2012
    ..If these numbers are representative of southern Asia, as many as 10,500 maternal deaths each year in this region alone may be attributable to hepatitis E and could be prevented by using existing vaccines...
  40. pmc Epidemiology of hepatitis E virus in the United States: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Mark H Kuniholm
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:48-56. 2009
    ..Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is prevalent and causes disease worldwide, but its epidemiological profile is only partially understood...
  41. doi request reprint Hepatitis B virus infection and hepatocellular carcinoma among parous Taiwanese women: nationwide cohort study
    Chyng Wen Fwu
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1019-27. 2009
    ..We used a nationwide cohort of reproductive-aged Taiwanese women to study relationships of HBV infection and parity with hepatocellular carcinoma risk...
  42. ncbi request reprint Screening for HIV infection in high-risk communities by urine antibody testing
    Carol Hilton
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:416-21. 2002
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of urine screening to detect HIV-infected individuals in high-prevalence communities...
  43. ncbi request reprint Prognostic indicators for AIDS and infectious disease death in HIV-infected injection drug users: plasma viral load and CD4+ cell count
    D Vlahov
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 279:35-40. 1998
    ..However, whether combining these markers improves prognostic accuracy and whether they predict prognosis for injection drug users (IDUs) and nonwhite persons infected with HIV has not been extensively investigated...
  44. ncbi request reprint Molecular methods for the diagnosis of genital ulcer disease in a sexually transmitted disease clinic population in northern Thailand: predominance of herpes simplex virus infection
    C Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 178:243-6. 1998
    ..Human immunodeficiency virus infection status was known for 24 of 38 subjects; 11 (45.8%) were seropositive, and all 11 had HSV by M-PCR. HSV appeared to be the most common pathogen overall...
  45. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic and biologic characterization of a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 highly exposed, persistently seronegative female sex workers in northern Thailand. Chiang Mai HEPS Working Group
    C Beyrer
    Division of Retrovirology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:59-67. 1999
    ..018). Epidemiologic exposure to HIV-1 without apparent infection, an unusual distribution of HLA class I alleles, and HIV-1 gp160-specific IgA responses suggest a biologic basis for this phenomenon...
  46. ncbi request reprint Preventive intervention to reduce sexually transmitted infections: a field trial in the Royal Thai Army
    D D Celentano
    School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:535-40. 2000
    ..4% per year, and incidence of sexually transmitted diseases was 17% per year. We evaluated a behavioral intervention to reduce incident sexually transmitted infections among conscripts inducted into the Thai Army in 1993...
  47. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in risk factors for hiv seroconversion among injection drug users: a 10-year perspective
    S A Strathdee
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room E6010, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1281-8. 2001
    ..Prospective studies that investigate both sexual and parenteral HIV risks among injection drug users (IDUs) are needed. We studied factors for HIV seroconversion among male and female IDUs in Baltimore, Md...
  48. ncbi request reprint HIV incidence and risk behaviours after voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) among adults aged 19-35 years living in peri-urban communities around Chiang Mai city in northern Thailand, 1999
    S Kawichai
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, MD, Baltimore, USA
    AIDS Care 16:21-35. 2004
    ..The HIV incidence after VCT among this study population is substantial. Studies to investigate factors associated with HIV incidence among VCT clients could provide insights for more effective HIV prevention...
  49. ncbi request reprint Lifetime correlates associated with amphetamine use among northern Thai men attending STD and HIV anonymous test sites
    Kirsten Melbye
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Suite E 7138, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 68:245-53. 2002
    ..To investigate the demographic, sexual, and other substance use risk correlates of amphetamine use among men in northern Thailand prior to the current epidemic of amphetamine use in the Kingdom...
  50. ncbi request reprint Regional and temporal variation in American Red Cross blood donations, 1995 to 2005
    Stephen O Crawford
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Transfusion 48:1576-83. 2008
    ..Maintaining a stable blood supply is a critical goal of the American Red Cross Blood Services. Extensive Red Cross data provided the opportunity to assess both long-term and short-term trends in the variation of weekly blood donations...
  51. ncbi request reprint Use of HIV protease inhibitors is associated with left ventricular morphologic changes and diastolic dysfunction
    Qingyi Meng
    Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:306-10. 2002
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Viral infections and lower urinary tract symptoms in the third national health and nutrition examination survey
    Siobhan Sutcliffe
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Urol 178:2181-5. 2007
    ..Therefore, we examined each of these associations in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
  53. pmc HLA-Cw*04 and hepatitis C virus persistence
    Chloe L Thio
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, USA
    J Virol 76:4792-7. 2002
    ..Further investigation is needed to understand the relationship between class I alleles and HCV clearance...
  54. doi request reprint Incubation periods of acute respiratory viral infections: a systematic review
    Justin Lessler
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:291-300. 2009
    ..Our estimates combine published data to give the detail necessary for these and other applications...
  55. ncbi request reprint The influence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on antibody responses to influenza vaccines
    K E Nelson
    Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Ann Intern Med 109:383-8. 1988
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint The influence of HIV infection on antibody responses to a two-dose regimen of influenza vaccine
    P G Miotti
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205
    JAMA 262:779-83. 1989
    ..Our results suggest that a substantial proportion of individuals with symptomatic HIV infection might remain unprotected from influenza, even after immunization with a two-dose regimen...
  57. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in HLA class II associations with hepatitis C virus outcomes
    C L Thio
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 1001, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:16-21. 2001
    ..36; 95% CI, 1.23-4.52) and its DQB1*0201 haplotype. These results support a role for class II alleles in the immune response to HCV and underscore the importance of studying genetic associations in an ethnically diverse cohort...
  58. pmc Seroreactivity to hepatitis E virus in areas where the disease is not endemic
    D L Thomas
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 35:1244-7. 1997
    ..Until the basis for HEV seroreactivity in such areas is elucidated, anti-HEV results should be interpreted with caution...
  59. ncbi request reprint Class II HLA alleles and hepatitis B virus persistence in African Americans
    C L Thio
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:1004-6. 1999
    ..These results underscore the importance of the class II-mediated immune response in recovery from HBV infection...
  60. ncbi request reprint Knowledge, attitude and practice survey regarding blood donation in a Northwestern Chinese city
    N Zaller
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, Bloomberg, School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Transfus Med 15:277-86. 2005
    ..Misconceptions about the effects of blood donation are widespread, even among educated persons in Urumqi. Fear of acquiring a serious infection may have been increased by the reports of HIV acquisition during plasma donations in China...
  61. doi request reprint Time from HIV seroconversion to death: a collaborative analysis of eight studies in six low and middle-income countries before highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Jim Todd
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 21:S55-63. 2007
    ..To estimate survival patterns after HIV infection in adults in low and middle-income countries...
  62. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection among blood donors in northern Thailand
    Lakkana Thaikruea
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Transfusion 44:1433-40. 2004
    ..The epidemiology, virology, and risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among blood donors in northern Thailand have not been extensively evaluated...
  63. ncbi request reprint Lymphocyte homeostasis in HIV-infected northern Thais
    Doungnapa Kingkeow
    Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:636-41. 2004
    ..2%, -12.0%) annually from 4.5 to 2 years prior to death and 63.7% (-72.3%, -53.6%) annually over the remaining 2 years. Similar lymphocyte patterns have been reported in U. S. and European populations with HIV-1 subtype B infection...
  64. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C infection among drug users in northern Thailand
    Jaroon Jittiwutikarn
    Faculty of Medicine and Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:1111-6. 2006
    ..43/100 person-years; it was 44.3/100 person-years in IDUs and 1.9/100 person-years in non-injectors. HCV and HIV among drug users in Thailand are common and primarily associated with injection behavior...
  65. ncbi request reprint The natural history of HIV-1 infection in young Thai men after seroconversion
    Ram Rangsin
    Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:622-9. 2004
    ..1 deaths per 1000 patient-years for HIV-negative men. Our data suggest a more rapid progression to AIDS and death after HIV-1 infection in young men in Thailand than has been reported for similarly aged cohorts in developed countries...
  66. ncbi request reprint Temporal trends in the prevalence of HIV and other transfusion-transmissible infections among blood donors in northern Thailand, 1990 through 2001
    Niwes Nantachit
    Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Transfusion 43:730-5. 2003
    ..This study describes changes in prevalence of HIV and other infectious diseases among blood donors in northern Thailand from 1990 through 2001...
  67. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a multiplex human immunodeficiency virus-1, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B virus nucleic acid testing assay to detect viremic blood donors in northern Thailand
    Niwes Nantachit
    Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Transfusion 47:1803-8. 2007
    ..There are limited data, however, on the additional NAT yield of donors in developing countries in Asia where the prevalence of infection is higher. In addition, data on hepatitis B virus (HBV) NAT in high prevalence areas are minimal...
  68. ncbi request reprint Male viral load and heterosexual transmission of HIV-1 subtype E in northern Thailand
    Sodsai Tovanabutra
    Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:275-83. 2002
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Coreceptor utilization of HIV type 1 subtype E viral isolates from Thai men with HIV type 1-infected and uninfected wives
    Utaiwan Utaipat
    HIV Immunology and Diagnostics Branch, DASTLR, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:1-11. 2002
    ..Thus, there was no association between the pattern of coreceptor usage and transmissibility among these subtype E HIV-1 isolates...
  70. ncbi request reprint A controlled trial of itraconazole as primary prophylaxis for systemic fungal infections in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection in Thailand
    Suwat Chariyalertsak
    Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Clin Infect Dis 34:277-84. 2002
    ..However, prophylaxis with itraconazole was not found to be associated with a survival advantage when it was given to patients with advanced HIV disease...
  71. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis and treatment of latent tuberculosis
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:353. 2007
  72. ncbi request reprint Complete genomes for hepatitis C virus subtypes 6f, 6i, 6j and 6m: viral genetic diversity among Thai blood donors and infected spouses
    Ling Lu
    Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, 4035 Delp, MS 1023, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
    J Gen Virol 88:1505-18. 2007
    ..3 to 100%. The similarities of the complete genome sequences from the two couples in the current study are consistent with HCV transmission between spouses...
  73. ncbi request reprint Seroprevalence of human herpesvirus 8 infection in Northern Thailand
    Nora Chen
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1052-8. 2004
    ..2% of reported patients with AIDS in Thailand had KS), we determined the HHV-8 seroprevalence among populations who were HIV positive or at risk of HIV infection...
  74. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 genetic diversity and compartmentalization in mother/infant pairs infected with CRF01_AE
    Sodsai Tovanabutra
    Research Institute for Health Sciences, Thailand
    AIDS 21:1050-3. 2007
    ..Infant viruses were almost distinct, but phylogenetically related, to maternal viruses, mostly from the maternal PBMC compartment, reflecting the frequent transmission of HIV-1 from maternal cells rather than free viruses...
  75. pmc Duration from seroconversion to eligibility for antiretroviral therapy and from ART eligibility to death in adult HIV-infected patients from low and middle-income countries: collaborative analysis of prospective studies
    Simon Wandel
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine ISPM, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i31-i36. 2008
    ..Estimation of the number of people in need of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings requires information on the time from seroconversion to ART eligibility and from ART eligibility to death...
  76. doi request reprint The natural history of HIV-1 subtype E infection in young men in Thailand with up to 14 years of follow-up
    Ram Rangsin
    Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, 315 Ratchavithi Road, Ratchathewee, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    AIDS 21:S39-46. 2007
    ..We evaluated the progression to AIDS and death among 228 men who seroconverted within a 6-month window when in the Royal Thai Army between 1991 and 1995...
  77. ncbi request reprint Physician adherence to isoniazid preventive therapy guidelines for HIV-infected patients in Thailand
    Narin Hiransuthikul
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 36:1208-15. 2005
    ..2% and 34.5% of physicians who provided IPT did not do the TST or screening chest radiography for active TB, respectively. Experience with HIV patient care was significantly associated with providing IPT...
  78. pmc Prevalence of hepatitis C, HIV, and risk behaviors for blood-borne infections: a population-based survey of the adult population of T'bilisi, Republic of Georgia
    Ketevan Stvilia
    Georgian AIDS and Clinical Immunology Research Center, T bilisi, Republic of Georgia
    J Urban Health 83:289-98. 2006
    ..Injection drug use and high-risk injection practices are very common in Georgia and may be harbingers of a large burden of HCV-associated liver diseases and a potentially serious HIV epidemic in the years to come...
  79. doi request reprint Estimating 'net' HIV-related mortality and the importance of background mortality rates
    Milly Marston
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S65-71. 2007
    ..To estimate mortality directly attributable to HIV in HIV-infected adults in low and middle income countries and discuss appropriate methodology...
  80. doi request reprint Body shape and metabolic abnormalities in Thai HIV-infected patients
    Mayuree Homsanit
    Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:1314-21. 2007
    ..3 (1.2-11.4-13.9) for ARV-naive vs. PI. ARV-associated metabolic abnormalities are common in this non-Western population. Appropriate selection and monitoring of ARV treatment are critical to minimize the risk of long-term complications...
  81. doi request reprint Occult hepatitis C virus infection during an outbreak in a hemodialysis unit in Thailand
    Satawat Thongsawat
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    J Med Virol 80:808-15. 2008
    ..Further work on the diagnostic implications of HCV compartmentalization in hemodialysis and other settings is urgently needed...
  82. ncbi request reprint Distinguishing molecular forms of HIV-1 in Asia with a high-throughput, fluorescent genotyping assay, MHAbce v.2
    Gustavo H Kijak
    Henry M Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine US Military HIV Research Program, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Virology 358:178-91. 2007
    ..MHAbce v.2, with an area of application including China, India, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Rim, can be used to develop a comprehensive and detailed picture of this important component of the HIV/AIDS pandemic...
  83. ncbi request reprint No association between hepatitis C virus seropositivity and acute myocardial infarction
    Christine M Arcari
    University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:e53-6. 2006
    ..We investigated the association between HCV seropositivity and acute myocardial infarction using a well-established cohort of young men in the US military and found no evidence to support this association...
  84. ncbi request reprint Predictors of low CD4 count in resource-limited settings: based on an antiretroviral-naive heterosexual thai population
    Caroline Costello
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:242-8. 2005
    ..0% in men, 68.2% in women) with less than a 6% decrease in specificity...
  85. ncbi request reprint Broad human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific T cell responses to conserved HIV proteins in HIV-seronegative women highly exposed to a single HIV-infected partner
    Nattawan Promadej
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:1053-63. 2003
    ..Remarkably, however, long-lived HIV-specific T cells were detected in 2 HW who had an extended period (>3.9 years) of no HIV exposure. These findings have important implications for HIV vaccine design...
  86. ncbi request reprint When to start HAART for the treatment of HIV infection
    Cunlin Wang
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:5-6. 2007
  87. ncbi request reprint Possible transmission of human herpesvirus-8 by blood transfusion in a historical United States cohort
    Sheila C Dollard
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Transfusion 45:500-3. 2005
    ..Transmission of human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) by blood transfusion in the United States appears plausible but has not been demonstrated. The objective of this study was to evaluate evidence of HHV-8 transmission via blood transfusion...

Research Grants6

  1. Epidemiology of Hep E Virus Infections in Bangladesh
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Epidemiology of Hep E Virus Infections in Bangladesh
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEPATITIS C INFECTION IN THAILAND
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Through the transfer of technology for HCV research to our collaborators, we hope to focus on understanding the biology and epidemiology of HCV and the development of more effective prevention of HCV. ..
  4. Prevalence and Epidemiology of Hepatitis E Virus in the United States
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will produce the most comprehensive assessment of HEV epidemiology available to date, and will aid in the identification of at-risk groups that may benefit from the newly developed and highly efficacious HEV vaccine. ..