CARL A contact LATKIN

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The prevalence and correlates of single cigarette selling among urban disadvantaged drug users in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:466-70. 2013
  2. pmc Social network approaches to recruitment, HIV prevention, medical care, and medication adherence
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, University of Pennsylvania, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S54-8. 2013
  3. pmc Neighborhoods and HIV: a social ecological approach to prevention and care
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am Psychol 68:210-24. 2013
  4. pmc The epidemiology of finding a dead body: reports from inner-city Baltimore, Maryland US
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Community Ment Health J 49:106-9. 2013
  5. pmc The dynamic relationship between social norms and behaviors: the results of an HIV prevention network intervention for injection drug users
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Addiction 108:934-43. 2013
  6. pmc Injection drug users' and their risk networks' experiences of and attitudes towards drug dealer violence in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 24:135-41. 2013
  7. pmc The relationship between drug user stigma and depression among inner-city drug users in Baltimore, MD
    Carl Latkin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Urban Health 90:147-56. 2013
  8. pmc Social network predictors of disclosure of MSM behavior and HIV-positive serostatus among African American MSM in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:535-42. 2012
  9. pmc The efficacy of a network intervention to reduce HIV risk behaviors among drug users and risk partners in Chiang Mai, Thailand and Philadelphia, USA
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:740-8. 2009
  10. pmc Direct and indirect associations of neighborhood disorder with drug use and high-risk sexual partners
    Carl A Latkin
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:S234-41. 2007

Detail Information

Publications79

  1. pmc The prevalence and correlates of single cigarette selling among urban disadvantaged drug users in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:466-70. 2013
    ..We examined the proportion and frequency of cigarette selling and roles in the informal economy associated with selling loosies among a sample of urban drug users...
  2. pmc Social network approaches to recruitment, HIV prevention, medical care, and medication adherence
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, University of Pennsylvania, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S54-8. 2013
    ..There are also ethical issues involved in the development and implementation of social network interventions. Social network analyses can also be used to understand HIV transmission dynamics...
  3. pmc Neighborhoods and HIV: a social ecological approach to prevention and care
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am Psychol 68:210-24. 2013
    ....
  4. pmc The epidemiology of finding a dead body: reports from inner-city Baltimore, Maryland US
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Community Ment Health J 49:106-9. 2013
    ..To obtain a better understanding of community health, future studies should assess not only morbidity and mortality, but also how death and illness is experienced by the community...
  5. pmc The dynamic relationship between social norms and behaviors: the results of an HIV prevention network intervention for injection drug users
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Addiction 108:934-43. 2013
    ..This study examined changes in social norms and relationships between HIV injection risk behaviors and social norms among injection drug users (IDUs) involved in an experimental intervention...
  6. pmc Injection drug users' and their risk networks' experiences of and attitudes towards drug dealer violence in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 24:135-41. 2013
    ..A large portion of violence associated with drug use is due to drug dealing. These analyses sought to examine injection drug users' attitudes and experiences of drug dealer violence...
  7. pmc The relationship between drug user stigma and depression among inner-city drug users in Baltimore, MD
    Carl Latkin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Urban Health 90:147-56. 2013
    ..These programs should focus on the attitudes and behaviors of health and service providers toward drug users, among drug users themselves, and among family members and others who provide social support to drug users...
  8. pmc Social network predictors of disclosure of MSM behavior and HIV-positive serostatus among African American MSM in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:535-42. 2012
    ..Attributes of social network members associated with disclosure of positive serostatus included the network member being older, HIV-positive, providing emotional support, loaning money, and not being a male sex partner...
  9. pmc The efficacy of a network intervention to reduce HIV risk behaviors among drug users and risk partners in Chiang Mai, Thailand and Philadelphia, USA
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:740-8. 2009
    ..The intervention did not result in overall reductions in self-reported sexual risk behaviors, and although reductions in injection risk behaviors were observed, the overall efficacy in reducing risk was not established...
  10. pmc Direct and indirect associations of neighborhood disorder with drug use and high-risk sexual partners
    Carl A Latkin
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:S234-41. 2007
    ..The current study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationship between neighborhood social and physical disorder and high-risk sexual partners...
  11. pmc The relationship between social network factors, HIV, and Hepatitis C among injection drug users in Chennai, India
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 117:50-4. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether social network factors predict HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) serostatus after controlling for individual-level factors at baseline among a cohort of male injection drug users in Chennai, India...
  12. ncbi request reprint Needle exchange program utilization and entry into drug user treatment: is there a long-term connection in Baltimore, Maryland?
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1991-2001. 2006
    ..These findings highlight the importance of NEPs in linking injectors to treatment. These data also suggest that treatment needs to address co-occurring problems, like HIV and mental illness. Study limitations are noted...
  13. ncbi request reprint Social context of needle selling in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:901-13. 2006
    ..The study's findings may be useful to determine whether secondary exchangers should be targeted for HIV prevention activities both to reduce their own risk and to diffuse risk reduction information throughout the drug using community...
  14. pmc Predictors of sharing injection equipment by HIV-seropositive injection drug users
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Room 737, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:447-50. 2008
    ....
  15. pmc Relationships between social norms, social network characteristics, and HIV risk behaviors in Thailand and the United States
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Psychol 28:323-9. 2009
    ..In this study, the authors examined whether the social norms of HIV risk behaviors are clustered within social networks and whether the norms of network members are linked to the risk behaviors of their social network members...
  16. pmc Social norms, social networks, and HIV risk behavior among injection drug users
    C A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:1159-68. 2010
    ..There were also differences based on gender. Future HIV prevention interventions for IDUs should target both injection and sex risk norms, particularly among IDUs in the multiple needle-sharing networks...
  17. pmc Factors associated with recruiting an HIV seropositive risk network member among injection drug users
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:1137-41. 2010
    ..These results suggest the feasibility to target active drug users to recruit seropositives and emphasize the public health importance of focusing network approaches on the networks of African American IDUs...
  18. pmc The relationship between drug use stigma and HIV injection risk behaviors among injection drug users in Chennai, India
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 110:221-7. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived drug use stigma, acquiescence response bias, and HIV injection risk behaviors among current injection drug users in Chennai, India...
  19. pmc A dynamic social systems model for considering structural factors in HIV prevention and detection
    Carl Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:222-38. 2010
    ..Finally, we discuss methodological issues in the development and evaluation of structural interventions for HIV prevention and detection...
  20. pmc Differences in the social networks of African American men who have sex with men only and those who have sex with men and women
    Carl Latkin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Hampton House, 624 North Broadway, Room 737, Baltimore, MD 21205
    Am J Public Health 101:e18-23. 2011
    ..We compared social network characteristics of African American men who have sex with men only (MSMO) with social network characteristics of African American men who have sex with men and women (MSMW)...
  21. ncbi request reprint Micro-social structural approaches to HIV prevention: a social ecological perspective
    C A Latkin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 17:S102-13. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood social disorder as a determinant of drug injection behaviors: a structural equation modeling approach
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    Health Psychol 24:96-100. 2005
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with peer HIV prevention outreach in drug-using communities
    Carl A Latkin
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:499-508. 2004
    ..These characteristics should be considered when designing peer outreach HIV prevention programs...
  24. ncbi request reprint HIV prevention among drug users: outcome of a network-oriented peer outreach intervention
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Health Psychol 22:332-9. 2003
    ..Results suggest that psychosocial intervention emphasizing prosocial roles and social identity, and incorporating peer outreach strategies, can reduce HIV risk in low-income, drug-using communities...
  25. ncbi request reprint Social network correlates of self-reported non-fatal overdose
    Carl A Latkin
    Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 73:61-7. 2004
    ..These data suggest that large drug networks should be targeted for drug overdose prevention interventions...
  26. ncbi request reprint Associations between medical service use and HIV risk among HIV-positive drug users in Baltimore, MD
    C A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 16:901-8. 2004
    ..27), and exchanging sex for drugs or money (OR=0.24). Findings suggest the importance of community-based HIV prevention intervention targeting HIV-positive drug users not recovery HIV medical care...
  27. ncbi request reprint Stressful neighborhoods and depression: a prospective study of the impact of neighborhood disorder
    Carl A Latkin
    Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 44:34-44. 2003
    ..However, CES-D scores at follow-up for frequent church attendees were lower. The data support theories of social disorganization and social stress and suggest the need for structural intervention...
  28. ncbi request reprint Norms, social networks, and HIV-related risk behaviors among urban disadvantaged drug users
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:465-76. 2003
    ..The findings of this study may have implications for norm change interventions among disadvantaged communities at high risk for HIV/AIDS...
  29. ncbi request reprint The relationship between social network characteristics and exchanging sex for drugs or money among drug users in Baltimore, MD, USA
    C A Latkin
    The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 14:770-5. 2003
    ..These associations may be either a cause or consequence of exchanging sex...
  30. ncbi request reprint Routes of drug administration, differential affiliation, and lifestyle stability among cocaine and opiate users: implications to HIV prevention
    C A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Subst Abuse 13:89-102. 2001
    ..Injectors reported higher rates of hospitalization compared to noninjectors even after adjusting for HIV status. Implications to HIV prevention and drug use transitions are discussed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Exploring the role of needle selling in a drug-using community in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:57-60. 2005
    ..However, because some needle sellers disseminate used needles, all injectors need to be educated about proper disposal techniques...
  32. ncbi request reprint Patterns of needle acquisition and sociobehavioral correlates of needle exchange program attendance in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A
    C A Latkin
    School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:398-404. 2001
    ..This study examined factors associated with obtaining syringes from a needle exchange program (NEP) and other safer sources in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A...
  33. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in injection-related behaviors among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland
    C A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 10:257-63. 1998
    ..The data also suggest that interventions need to address gender differences in the social context of risk behaviors...
  34. pmc Outreach in natural settings: the use of peer leaders for HIV prevention among injecting drug users' networks
    C A Latkin
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Hygiene and Public Health, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:151-9. 1998
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint The impact of drug use on perceptions of credibility in indigenous outreach workers
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Qual Health Res 16:1108-19. 2006
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Residential transience and HIV risk behaviors among injection drug users
    Danielle German
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:21-30. 2007
    ..Further examination of the association between housing and HIV should consider the role of transience. Interventions that promote housing stability among IDUs and address HIV risk during times of instability are needed...
  37. ncbi request reprint The role of depressive symptoms in predicting sex with multiple and high-risk partners
    Chyvette T Williams
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:69-73. 2005
    ..57, CI: 1.11, 2.22) and crack users (odds ratio = 1.37, CI: 1.02, 1.86). Findings support greater attention to depressive symptoms in HIV prevention interventions for illicit drug users to reduce sexual risk behaviors...
  38. pmc The association of self-reported neighborhood disorganization and social capital with adolescent alcohol and drug use, dependence, and access to treatment
    ERIN L WINSTANLEY
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, 5510 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 92:173-82. 2008
    ..This research examines adolescent perceptions of neighborhood disorganization and social capital to determine if they are associated with adolescent alcohol or drug (AOD) use, AOD dependence, and access to AOD treatment...
  39. pmc Neighborhood socioeconomic status, personal network attributes, and use of heroin and cocaine
    Chyvette T Williams
    School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:S203-10. 2007
    ..This study investigates the effects of neighborhood disadvantage and network factors on current heroin and cocaine use among a predominantly African-American adult sample residing in Baltimore City...
  40. ncbi request reprint The association between change in social network characteristics and non-fatal overdose: results from the SHIELD study in Baltimore, MD, USA
    Karin E Tobin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1629 East Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:63-8. 2007
    ..Yet, few studies have examined how changes in social network characteristics may influence overdose risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between changes in social network and non-fatal overdose...
  41. pmc Residential transience and depression: does the relationship exist for men and women?
    Melissa A Davey-Rothwell
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2213 McElderry Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 85:707-16. 2008
    ..Stable housing and mental health services need to be available, easily accessible, and designed so that they remain amenable to utilization under transient circumstances...
  42. doi request reprint "The life they save may be mine": diffusion of overdose prevention information from a city sponsored programme
    Susan G Sherman
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E6543 Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:137-42. 2009
    ..The current qualitative study examines diffusion of information and innovation among participants in Staying Alive, an overdose prevention and naloxone distribution programme in Baltimore, MD...
  43. pmc Drug use in the social networks of heroin and cocaine users before and after drug cessation
    Amy S Buchanan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 96:286-9. 2008
    ..28 for quitters at follow-up (all p<0.05). These findings support social control theory in adult drug use cessation. Future research should extend the length of follow-up and assess bidirectional influences...
  44. pmc Social injecting and other correlates of high-risk sexual activity among injecting drug users in northern Vietnam
    Christina M Schumacher
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:352-6. 2009
    ..We sought to determine characteristics of sexually active IDUs and correlates of high-risk sexual practices among IDUs in Bac Ninh province in northern Vietnam...
  45. pmc Attitudes of Emergency Medical Service providers towards naloxone distribution programs
    Karin E Tobin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    J Urban Health 82:296-302. 2005
    ..Incorporating information about substance abuse and harm reduction approaches in continuing education classes may improve the attitudes of provider toward naloxone training programs...
  46. ncbi request reprint Development of an opinion leader-led HIV prevention intervention among alcohol users in Chennai, India
    Sudha Sivaram
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:137-49. 2004
    ..We outline specific lessons we learned in intervention development in this population...
  47. ncbi request reprint HIV-related communication and perceived norms: an analysis of the connection among injection drug users
    Melissa A Davey-Rothwell
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:298-309. 2007
    ..34, SE = 6.58, p = .020) were associated with belief that peers' practiced risky drug behaviors. These findings may be used to develop peer education HIV prevention interventions for drug users...
  48. ncbi request reprint Calling emergency medical services during drug overdose: an examination of individual, social and setting correlates
    Karin E Tobin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1629 East Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Addiction 100:397-404. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine individual, social and setting correlates of calling the emergency number, 911, during an overdose...
  49. pmc Social-level correlates of shooting gallery attendance: a focus on networks and norms
    Karin E Tobin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:1142-8. 2010
    ..Future research is needed to understand how social networks and peer norms are specific to behavioral settings and how this may impede adoption of preventive behaviors...
  50. pmc Gender differences in street economy and social network correlates of arrest among heroin injectors in Baltimore, Maryland
    Aaron D Curry
    Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 80:482-93. 2003
    ..These findings suggest the importance of modeling drug behaviors by gender...
  51. doi request reprint A qualitative study on commercial sex behaviors among male clients in Sichuan Province, China
    Cui Yang
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 22:246-52. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings for further research and interventions are discussed...
  52. doi request reprint Evaluation of the Staying Alive programme: training injection drug users to properly administer naloxone and save lives
    Karin E Tobin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 2213 McElderry Street, Second Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:131-6. 2009
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Social networks, norms, and 12-step group participation
    Melissa A Davey-Rothwell
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:185-93. 2008
    ..Individuals who are trying to control their drug use should be encouraged to affiliate with others in recovery or attending a 12-step program...
  54. pmc Young Thai women who use methamphetamine: intersection of sexual partnerships, drug use, and social networks
    Danielle German
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:122-9. 2008
    ....
  55. pmc The relationship between depressive symptoms and nonfatal overdose among a sample of drug users in Baltimore, Maryland
    Karin E Tobin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
    J Urban Health 80:220-9. 2003
    ..33 to 7.05) after adjusting for age, gender, injection frequency, and physical health impairment. These results suggest that drug users with depressive symptoms should be targeted for overdose prevention programs...
  56. pmc Longitudinal analysis of the relationship between perceived norms and sharing injection paraphernalia
    Melissa A Davey-Rothwell
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:878-84. 2010
    ..Changing norms may lead to sustained behavior change. Accessible, norms-based interventions are needed to discourage drug injectors from sharing injection paraphernalia...
  57. ncbi request reprint Individual and social network factors that predict entry to drug treatment
    Melissa A Davey
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1629 East Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Am J Addict 16:38-45. 2007
    ..29, 95% CI: 1.07-1.56] and fewer network members who smoked crack [AOR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.75-0.99] were more likely to enter treatment. Social network-based interventions that promote successful outcomes in drug treatment are needed...
  58. ncbi request reprint Correlates of HIV antibody testing among a sample of injection drug users: the role of social and contextual factors
    Karin E Tobin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA
    AIDS Behav 8:303-10. 2004
    ..Support of programs that are designed to serve hard-to-reach populations and target couples may be effective in increasing HIV testing among active IDUs...
  59. pmc Exploring "wine shops" as a venue for HIV prevention interventions in urban India
    Sudha Sivaram
    Infectious Diseases Program, Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 84:563-76. 2007
    ..The data suggest that wine shops may be an appropriate location to target men for HIV prevention interventions. We discuss how these findings helped design such an intervention in Chennai...
  60. pmc Evaluation of a peer network intervention trial among young methamphetamine users in Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Susan G Sherman
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E6543, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:69-79. 2009
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first such trial targeting this population. Small group interventions are an effective means of reducing methamphetamine use and sexual risk among Thai youth...
  61. pmc Gender differences in social network influence among injection drug users: perceived norms and needle sharing
    Melissa A Davey-Rothwell
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 84:691-703. 2007
    ..74-1.31). These findings suggest the utility of peer education interventions that promote norms regarding risk reduction among injection drug users. The data also provide support for gender-specific HIV prevention interventions...
  62. pmc HIV seropositive drug users' attitudes towards partner notification (PCRS): results from the SHIELD study in Baltimore, Maryland
    Karin E Tobin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 67:137-42. 2007
    ..To assess the attitudes of HIV seropositive current or former drug users towards HIV partner counseling and referral services (PCRS) and to determine if opinion varies by partner type...
  63. pmc Drug users' involvement in the drug economy: implications for harm reduction and HIV prevention programs
    Susan G Sherman
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 79:266-77. 2002
    ..Examining drug users' social networks could provide insight into the composition of their immediate social environment and could inform HIV prevention programs...
  64. ncbi request reprint A bridge over troubled waters: factors associated with non-injection drug users having injection drug-using sex partners
    David L Howard
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:325-30. 2006
    ..To examine factors associated with noninjectors having 1 or more injection drug users as sex partners...
  65. ncbi request reprint The effects of sponsorship in 12-step treatment of injection drug users
    Byron L Crape
    John Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 65:291-301. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Social circumstances of initiation of injection drug use and early shooting gallery attendance: implications for HIV intervention among adolescent and young adult injection drug users
    Crystal M Fuller
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailam School of Public Health, Columbia, New York 10032, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:86-93. 2003
    ..Hence, older IDUs may serve as a bridge group to SGs, transmitting HIV from older to younger IDUs...
  67. ncbi request reprint Suicidal ideation among African-American non-injection drug users
    Jennifer R Havens
    University of Kentucky, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, 915B S Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536 9824, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:110-5. 2005
    ..93, 95% confidence interval = 1.25, 6.88). Our findings underscore the need to integrate treatment for psychiatric comorbidity and drug dependence and target these services toward young, African-American drug users...
  68. ncbi request reprint The dynamics of injection drug users' personal networks and HIV risk behaviors
    Elizabeth C Costenbader
    Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluations and Interventions Program, Research Triangle Institute, International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Addiction 101:1003-13. 2006
    ..The present study examined the dynamics of IDUs' social networks and HIV risk behaviors over time...
  69. ncbi request reprint Interventions for seropositive injectors-research and evaluation: an integrated behavioral intervention with HIV-positive injection drug users to address medical care, adherence, and risk reduction
    David W Purcell
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:S110-8. 2004
    ..We describe the development of Interventions for Seropositive Injectors-Research and Evaluation (INSPIRE), a randomized controlled trial of an integrated intervention for HIV-positive IDUs, and the characteristics of the baseline sample...
  70. ncbi request reprint Economic evaluation of an HIV prevention intervention for seropositive injection drug users
    Karunesh Tuli
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 11:508-15. 2005
    ..To assess the cost-effectiveness of Intervention for HIV-Seropositive injection drug users--Research and Evaluation (INSPIRE), designed to reduce risky sexual and needle-sharing behaviors in research sites in four US cities (2001-2003)...
  71. pmc Facilitating entry into drug treatment among injection drug users referred from a needle exchange program: Results from a community-based behavioral intervention trial
    Steffanie A Strathdee
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, Ash Building, Room 118, Mailstop 0622, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:225-32. 2006
    ..Such initiatives could be implemented at more than 140 needle exchange programs currently operating in the United States. These data also support the need for more accessible programs such as mobile or office-based drug abuse treatment...
  72. pmc A qualitative exploration of gender in the context of injection drug use in two US-Mexico border cities
    Michelle Firestone Cruz
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, 9500 Gilman Drive, Ash Building, Room 118, Mail stop 0622, San Diego, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:253-62. 2007
    ..In these two cities, venue-based interventions may be more appropriate for male IDUs, whereas personal network interventions may be more appropriate among female IDUs...
  73. pmc The effect of a case management intervention on drug treatment entry among treatment-seeking injection drug users with and without comorbid antisocial personality disorder
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA
    J Urban Health 84:267-71. 2007
    ..04-11.89). Providing case management services to IDUs with comorbid ASPD may facilitate treatment entry and reduce the negative consequences of drug abuse...
  74. pmc Beliefs that condoms reduce sexual pleasure-gender differences in correlates among heterosexual HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs)
    Yuko Mizuno
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV STD TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE Mail Stop E37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Urban Health 84:523-36. 2007
    ..05) were significantly associated with negative condom beliefs (R (2) = 0.36). These findings suggest important gender-specific factors to consider in interventions that seek to promote positive condom beliefs among HIV-positive IDUs...
  75. doi request reprint Results from a randomized controlled trial of a peer-mentoring intervention to reduce HIV transmission and increase access to care and adherence to HIV medications among HIV-seropositive injection drug users
    David W Purcell
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S35-47. 2007
    ..We sought to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention to reduce sexual and injection transmission risk behaviors and to increase utilization of medical care and adherence to HIV medications among this population...
  76. doi request reprint Correlates of lending needles/syringes among HIV-seropositive injection drug users
    Lisa R Metsch
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Leonard M Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S72-9. 2007
    ....
  77. doi request reprint Sexual transmission risk behavior reported among behaviorally bisexual HIV-positive injection drug-using men
    Kelly R Knight
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110 1372, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S80-7. 2007
    ..Few research studies have examined the HIV transmission risk behaviors of HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs) who are men who have sex with men and women (MSMW)...
  78. pmc Individual, social, and environmental influences associated with HIV infection among injection drug users in Tijuana, Mexico
    Steffanie A Strathdee
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:369-76. 2008
    ..We examined correlates of HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) in Tijuana, Mexico, a city bordering the United States, which is situated on major migration and drug trafficking routes...
  79. pmc Effects of race, neighborhood, and social network on age at initiation of injection drug use
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, 4th Floor, Room R422, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:689-95. 2005
    ..We investigated individual- and neighborhood-level factors associated with adolescent initiation of injection drug use...

Research Grants32

  1. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  2. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for IDUs
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  3. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for IDUs
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  6. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  8. A Network Intervention for Reducing Sexual Risk for HIV with African American MSM
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Urinalysis of gonorrhea and chlamydia at baseline and follow-up will be used as additional measures of sex risk. We will also assess potential diffusion of intervention effects to participants' social network members. ..
  9. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition to survey data, observer ratings of neighborhoods, police crime reports, and census data will be collected. Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Structural Equations Modeling will be used for data analysis. ..
  10. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  11. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition to survey data, observer ratings of neighborhoods, police crime reports, and census data will be collected. Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Structural Equations Modeling will be used for data analysis. ..
  12. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl A Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to survey data, observer ratings of neighborhoods, police crime reports, and census data will be collected. Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Structural Equations Modeling will be used for data analysis. ..
  13. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for IDUs
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  14. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  16. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  17. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  18. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  19. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for IDUs
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  22. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for IDUs
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  26. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for IDUs
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. ..
  28. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..