Amy R Knowlton

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Antiretroviral use among active injection-drug users: the role of patient-provider engagement and structural factors
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:421-8. 2010
  2. pmc Main partner factors associated with worse adherence to HAART among women in Baltimore, Maryland: a preliminary study
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 23:1102-10. 2011
  3. pmc EMS runs for suspected opioid overdose: implications for surveillance and prevention
    Amy Knowlton
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 17:317-29. 2013
  4. pmc Informal care and reciprocity of support are associated with HAART adherence among men in Baltimore, MD, USA
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1429-36. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Access to medical care and service utilization among injection drug users with HIV/AIDS
    A R Knowlton
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 64:55-62. 2001
  6. doi request reprint Microsocial environmental influences on highly active antiretroviral therapy outcomes among active injection drug users: the role of informal caregiving and household factors
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S110-9. 2007
  7. pmc Externalizing behaviors among children of HIV seropositive former and current drug users: parent support network factors as social ecological risks
    Amy Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Room 286, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 85:62-76. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Social support networks and medical service use among HIV-positive injection drug users: implications to intervention
    A R Knowlton
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 17:479-92. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Informal HIV caregiving in a vulnerable population: toward a network resource framework
    Amy R Knowlton
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1307-20. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Social support among HIV positive injection drug users: implications to integrated intervention for HIV positives
    Amy Knowlton
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 8:357-63. 2004

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. doi request reprint Antiretroviral use among active injection-drug users: the role of patient-provider engagement and structural factors
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:421-8. 2010
    ....
  2. pmc Main partner factors associated with worse adherence to HAART among women in Baltimore, Maryland: a preliminary study
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 23:1102-10. 2011
    ..Seroconcordant couples-focused intervention that enhances mutual support of HAART adherence may be an effective approach to improving women's HAART adherence and reducing US gender disparities in HIV health outcomes...
  3. pmc EMS runs for suspected opioid overdose: implications for surveillance and prevention
    Amy Knowlton
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 17:317-29. 2013
    ..Objective. We explored evidence to support the validity of emergency medical services (EMS) data on naloxone administration as a possible proxy for estimating incidence of opioid overdose...
  4. pmc Informal care and reciprocity of support are associated with HAART adherence among men in Baltimore, MD, USA
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1429-36. 2011
    ..Results suggest the merit of interventions targeting men and their informal caregivers, particularly main partners, and gender-specific, contextually tailored strategies to promote HAART adherence...
  5. ncbi request reprint Access to medical care and service utilization among injection drug users with HIV/AIDS
    A R Knowlton
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 64:55-62. 2001
    ..Daily alcohol use was associated with ER as the usual facility for care. Integration of substance abuse treatment, case management, and medical services delivery may contribute to improved HIV care for this population...
  6. doi request reprint Microsocial environmental influences on highly active antiretroviral therapy outcomes among active injection drug users: the role of informal caregiving and household factors
    Amy R Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S110-9. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that adherence interventions for IDUs should promote existing informal HIV caregiving, living with supportive others, and positive medication-taking norms among social networks...
  7. pmc Externalizing behaviors among children of HIV seropositive former and current drug users: parent support network factors as social ecological risks
    Amy Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Room 286, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 85:62-76. 2008
    ..While dually affected children's contact with their parents may have important benefits, results suggest it presents ongoing needs for intervention with the children, their parents, and caregivers...
  8. ncbi request reprint Social support networks and medical service use among HIV-positive injection drug users: implications to intervention
    A R Knowlton
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 17:479-92. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that promoting HIV-positive African American injection drug users' support network functioning may help improve HIV medical services utilization among this medically underserved population...
  9. ncbi request reprint Informal HIV caregiving in a vulnerable population: toward a network resource framework
    Amy R Knowlton
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1307-20. 2003
    ..Network resource-oriented research may allow for ascertainment of community caregiving capacity, and guide the development of interventions to promote HIV caregiving in disadvantaged populations...
  10. ncbi request reprint Social support among HIV positive injection drug users: implications to integrated intervention for HIV positives
    Amy Knowlton
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 8:357-63. 2004
    ..Findings may have implications to the development of integrated HIV prevention and care intervention that builds on HIV seropositives' natural support structures...
  11. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal predictors of depressive symptoms among low income injection drug users
    A R Knowlton
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 13:549-59. 2001
    ..For HIV-positive drug users, drug treatment prior to AIDS may help reduce depressive symptoms, with potential implications for HIV service utilization and medical adherence...
  12. pmc Patient-nominated, community-based HIV treatment supporters: patient perspectives, feasibility, challenges, and factors for success in HIV-infected South African adults
    Monique M Duwell
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 27:96-102. 2013
    ....
  13. pmc Randomized controlled trial of trained patient-nominated treatment supporters providing partial directly observed antiretroviral therapy
    Jean B Nachega
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS 24:1273-80. 2010
    ..Directly observed therapy (DOT) for antiretroviral therapy (ART) may improve adherence, but there are limited data on its clinical effectiveness...
  14. doi request reprint Participants' descriptions of social support within a multisite intervention for HIV-seropositive injection drug users (INSPIRE)
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S55-63. 2007
    ....
  15. pmc Predictors of sharing injection equipment by HIV-seropositive injection drug users
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Room 737, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:447-50. 2008
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Treatment supporter to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected South African adults. A qualitative study
    Jean B Nachega
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21215, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:S127-33. 2006
    ..In addition, our results suggest that interventions tailored to treatment supporter characteristics and relationship factors may be effective in influencing patients' antiretroviral therapy adherence...
  17. ncbi request reprint HIV prevention among drug users: outcome of a network-oriented peer outreach intervention
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Health Psychol 22:332-9. 2003
    ..Results suggest that psychosocial intervention emphasizing prosocial roles and social identity, and incorporating peer outreach strategies, can reduce HIV risk in low-income, drug-using communities...
  18. ncbi request reprint Norms, social networks, and HIV-related risk behaviors among urban disadvantaged drug users
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:465-76. 2003
    ..The findings of this study may have implications for norm change interventions among disadvantaged communities at high risk for HIV/AIDS...
  19. doi request reprint Stigma, disclosure, and depressive symptoms among informal caregivers of people living with HIV/AIDS
    Mary M Mitchell
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:611-7. 2009
    ..In addition, future research should examine these relationships further using longitudinal data from informal caregivers and their care recipients...
  20. pmc Social network approaches to recruitment, HIV prevention, medical care, and medication adherence
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, University of Pennsylvania, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S54-8. 2013
    ..There are also ethical issues involved in the development and implementation of social network interventions. Social network analyses can also be used to understand HIV transmission dynamics...
  21. ncbi request reprint Individual, interpersonal, and structural correlates of effective HAART use among urban active injection drug users
    Amy Knowlton
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:486-92. 2006
    ..Interventions promoting social support functioning, patient-provider communication, stable housing, and drug abuse treatment may facilitate effective HAART use in this vulnerable population...
  22. pmc The prevalence and correlates of single cigarette selling among urban disadvantaged drug users in Baltimore, Maryland
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:466-70. 2013
    ..We examined the proportion and frequency of cigarette selling and roles in the informal economy associated with selling loosies among a sample of urban drug users...
  23. ncbi request reprint The effects of sponsorship in 12-step treatment of injection drug users
    Byron L Crape
    John Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 65:291-301. 2002
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs
    Eduardo E Valverde
    University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S96-100. 2007
    ..Although depression is common among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs), little is known about differences between male and female HIV-positive IDUs...
  25. doi request reprint Factors associated with antiretroviral therapy adherence and medication errors among HIV-infected injection drug users
    Julia H Arnsten
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S64-71. 2007
    ..Active drug use is often associated with poor adherence, but few studies have determined psychosocial correlates of adherence in injection drug users (IDUs)...
  26. doi request reprint Intimate partner violence perpetration against main female partners among HIV-positive male injection drug users
    Victoria Frye
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S101-9. 2007
    ..IPV assessment and treatment among HIV-positive men in HIV care is recommended as a way to prevent IPV perpetration and victimization and to reduce potential HIV transmission...
  27. doi request reprint Results from a randomized controlled trial of a peer-mentoring intervention to reduce HIV transmission and increase access to care and adherence to HIV medications among HIV-seropositive injection drug users
    David W Purcell
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S35-47. 2007
    ..We sought to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention to reduce sexual and injection transmission risk behaviors and to increase utilization of medical care and adherence to HIV medications among this population...
  28. doi request reprint Longitudinal correlates of health care-seeking behaviors among HIV-seropositive injection drug users: how can we intervene to improve health care utilization?
    James D Wilkinson
    Department of Pediatrics, Leonard M Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:S120-6. 2007
    ..To identify modifiable factors associated with health care utilization by HIV-negative seropositive injection drug users (IDUs)...

Research Grants5

  1. Informal Caregiving & Medical Adherence Among HIV+ IDUs
    Amy Knowlton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Study findings will contribute to the identification of appropriate targets and approaches for the behavioral adherence intervention. ..
  2. Informal Caregiving & Medical Adherence Among HIV+ IDUs
    Amy Knowlton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Study findings will contribute to the identification of appropriate targets and approaches for the behavioral adherence intervention. ..
  3. Informal Caregiving & Medical Adherence Among HIV+ IDUs
    Amy Knowlton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Study findings will contribute to the identification of appropriate targets and approaches for the behavioral adherence intervention. ..