Caitlin E Kennedy

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc "They are human beings, they are Swazi": intersecting stigmas and the positive health, dignity and prevention needs of HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18749. 2013
  2. pmc Work-related violence and inconsistent condom use with non-paying partners among female sex workers in Adama City, Ethiopia
    Alyssa Mooney
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:771. 2013
  3. pmc Using GRADE methodology for the development of public health guidelines for the prevention and treatment of HIV and other STIs among men who have sex with men and transgender people
    Elie A Akl
    Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:386. 2012
  4. pmc Makerere University College of Health Sciences' role in addressing challenges in health service provision at Mulago National Referral Hospital
    Irene B Kizza
    School of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 11:S7. 2011
  5. pmc Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Department of International Health, Room E5033, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1571-90. 2013
  6. pmc When a serious adverse event in research occurs, how do other volunteers react?
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 6:47-56. 2011
  7. ncbi request reprint The impact of HIV treatment on risk behaviour in developing countries: a systematic review
    C Kennedy
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Care 19:707-20. 2007
  8. pmc Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV interventions: a systematic review
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:26. 2010
  9. pmc "After my husband's circumcision, I know that I am safe from diseases": women's attitudes and risk perceptions towards male circumcision in Iringa, Tanzania
    Erica H Layer
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e74391. 2013
  10. pmc Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for changing HIV-related risk behavior in developing countries
    Virginia A Fonner
    Department of International Health, Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD001224. 2012

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. pmc "They are human beings, they are Swazi": intersecting stigmas and the positive health, dignity and prevention needs of HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18749. 2013
    ..Using the framework of positive health, dignity and prevention, we explored the experiences and HIV prevention, care and treatment needs of MSM who are living with HIV in Swaziland...
  2. pmc Work-related violence and inconsistent condom use with non-paying partners among female sex workers in Adama City, Ethiopia
    Alyssa Mooney
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:771. 2013
    ..This study explored the associations between work-related violence, alcohol abuse and inconsistent condom use among establishment-based female sex workers and their regular, non-paying partners in Adama City, Ethiopia...
  3. pmc Using GRADE methodology for the development of public health guidelines for the prevention and treatment of HIV and other STIs among men who have sex with men and transgender people
    Elie A Akl
    Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:386. 2012
    ..The objective of this paper is to review the methodological challenges faced and solutions applied during the development of the guidelines...
  4. pmc Makerere University College of Health Sciences' role in addressing challenges in health service provision at Mulago National Referral Hospital
    Irene B Kizza
    School of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 11:S7. 2011
    ....
  5. pmc Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Department of International Health, Room E5033, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1571-90. 2013
    ..PITC's impact on other outcomes is mixed, but does not appear to be worse than voluntary counseling and testing. PITC should continue to be expanded and rigorously evaluated across settings and outcomes...
  6. pmc When a serious adverse event in research occurs, how do other volunteers react?
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 6:47-56. 2011
    ..Downward social comparison theory, optimistic bias, and feelings of responsibility and control may help explain these narratives. Findings underscore the importance of communication and understanding of research risks and protections...
  7. ncbi request reprint The impact of HIV treatment on risk behaviour in developing countries: a systematic review
    C Kennedy
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Care 19:707-20. 2007
    ..However, there are few existing studies and the rigor of these studies is weak. More studies are needed to build an evidence base on which to make programmatic and policy decisions...
  8. pmc Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV interventions: a systematic review
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:26. 2010
    ..However, the evidence for the efficacy of these linkages has not been systematically assessed...
  9. pmc "After my husband's circumcision, I know that I am safe from diseases": women's attitudes and risk perceptions towards male circumcision in Iringa, Tanzania
    Erica H Layer
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e74391. 2013
    ..Efforts to engage women about the risks and limitations of male circumcision, in addition to the benefits, should be expanded so that women can accurately assess their risk of HIV or STIs during sexual intercourse with circumcised men. ..
  10. pmc Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for changing HIV-related risk behavior in developing countries
    Virginia A Fonner
    Department of International Health, Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD001224. 2012
    ..This review assesses the effects of all VCT types on HIV-related risk behaviors in low- and middle-income countries...
  11. pmc Multi-Level Factors Affecting Entry into and Engagement in the HIV Continuum of Care in Iringa, Tanzania
    Erica H Layer
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e104961. 2014
    ..Addressing barriers at each level is important to promoting increased engagement throughout the continuum. ..
  12. pmc Behavioural interventions for HIV positive prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 88:615-23. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint "I Pray That They Accept Me Without Scolding:" Experiences with Disengagement and Re-Engagement in HIV Care and Treatment Services in Tanzania
    Erica H Layer
    1 Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 28:483-8. 2014
    ....
  14. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of the burden of HIV and associated individual- and structural-level characteristics among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Stefan D Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18768. 2013
    ..To date, there are no data characterizing the burden of HIV and the HIV prevention, treatment and care needs of MSM in Swaziland...
  15. doi request reprint The changing cultural and economic dynamics of polygyny and concurrent sexual partnerships in Iringa, Tanzania
    Cecilia Tomori
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Glob Public Health 8:857-70. 2013
    ..Local economic conditions also compelled women to seek concurrent partners to meet basic needs and to access consumer goods, but risked greater moral judgement than men, especially if deemed to have excessive 'desire' for money. ..
  16. ncbi request reprint Barriers and facilitators of retention in HIV care and treatment services in Iringa, Tanzania: the importance of socioeconomic and sociocultural factors
    Cecilia Tomori
    a Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 26:907-13. 2014
    ..Intervention strategies that improve ART accessibility, incorporate supplemental aid, enhance social support, reduce stigma, and develop partnerships with alternative healers are needed to improve HIV-related outcomes...
  17. ncbi request reprint HIV voluntary counseling and testing and behavioral risk reduction in developing countries: a meta-analysis, 1990--2005
    Julie A Denison
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:363-73. 2008
    ..Such expansion, however, must be accompanied by rigorous evaluation in order to test, refine and maximize the preventive benefits of learning one's HIV infection status through HIV testing and counseling...
  18. doi request reprint Descriptive and injunctive norms related to concurrent sexual partnerships in Malawi: implications for HIV prevention research and programming
    Rupali J Limaye
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Center for Communication Programs, 111 Market Place, Suite 310 Baltimore, MD, USA 21202, USA
    Health Educ Res 28:563-73. 2013
    ..Further research is needed to obtain a thorough understanding of the way in which the perceived actions and beliefs of peers influence the beliefs, feelings and actions of individuals to strengthen HIV programming efforts in the region. ..
  19. pmc Social cohesion, social participation, and HIV related risk among female sex workers in Swaziland
    Virginia A Fonner
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e87527. 2014
    ..Social- and structural-level interventions focused on building social cohesion and social participation among sex workers could provide significant protection from HIV infection for female sex workers in Swaziland...
  20. doi request reprint Exploring the potential of a conditional cash transfer intervention to reduce HIV risk among young women in Iringa, Tanzania
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    a International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 26:275-81. 2014
    ..As increased attention is given to economic and structural interventions for HIV prevention, local input and knowledge should be considered in a program design...
  21. doi request reprint Provider challenges in implementing antenatal provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling programs in Uganda
    Amy M Medley
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 22:87-99. 2010
    ..These challenges must be addressed in order to optimize the success of PITC programs at providing universal access to HIV testing and counseling services...
  22. pmc A systematic review of income generation interventions, including microfinance and vocational skills training, for HIV prevention
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    a Department of International Health, Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 26:659-73. 2014
    ..Further studies examining not only HIV-related outcomes but also causal pathways and intermediate variables, are needed. Additional studies among men are also needed. ..
  23. pmc School based sex education and HIV prevention in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Virginia A Fonner
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, International Health Department, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e89692. 2014
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Understanding the partial protection of male circumcision for HIV prevention among women in Iringa Region, Tanzania: an ethnomedical model
    Erica H Layer
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
    AIDS Care 25:1045-50. 2013
    ..Programs can build upon these findings to better convey risks along with the benefits of male circumcision. ..
  25. doi request reprint Community empowerment among female sex workers is an effective HIV prevention intervention: a systematic review of the peer-reviewed evidence from low- and middle-income countries
    DEANNA L KERRIGAN
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1926-40. 2013
    ..41-3.42), and all clients (OR: 5.87, 95% CI: 2.88-11.94), but not regular non-paying partners. Overall, community empowerment-based HIV prevention was associated with significant improvements across HIV outcomes and settings...
  26. pmc No "magic bullet": exploring community mobilization strategies used in a multi-site community based randomized controlled trial: Project Accept (HPTN 043)
    Virginia A Tedrow
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615N Wolfe Street Room E5037, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1217-26. 2012
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Disclosure outcomes, coping strategies, and life changes among women living with HIV in Uganda
    Amy M Medley
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Qual Health Res 19:1744-54. 2009
    ..Strategies are needed to safely support women who want to disclose their HIV test results...
  28. pmc Maternal depression and early childhood growth in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Pamela J Surkan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 89:608-15. 2011
    ..To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and child growth in developing countries through a systematic literature review and meta-analysis...

Research Grants2

  1. The effect of ART on sexual risk behavior in Chennai, India
    Caitlin Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A secondary research aim thus seeks to explore the characteristics of people receiving ART in Tanzania. This aim will be accomplished through quantitative, qualitative, and ethnographic methods. ..
  2. The effect of ART on sexual risk behavior in Chennai, India
    Caitlin Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A secondary research aim thus seeks to explore the characteristics of people receiving ART in Tanzania. This aim will be accomplished through quantitative, qualitative, and ethnographic methods. ..