J Katz

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Adverse intraoperative medical events and their association with anesthesia management strategies in cataract surgery
    J Katz
    Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205-2103, USA
    Ophthalmology 108:1721-6. 2001
  2. pmc Breast-feeding patterns, time to initiation, and mortality risk among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:599-603. 2008
  3. pmc Prevalence of refractive error among preschool children in an urban population: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    Lydia Giordano
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:739-46, 746.e1-4. 2009
  4. doi request reprint Incidence and seasonality of hypothermia among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Ste E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:71-7. 2010
  5. doi request reprint The association of preterm birth and small birthweight for gestational age on childhood disability screening using the Ten Questions Plus tool in rural Sarlahi district, southern Nepal
    L A Wu
    National Vaccine Program Office, US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D C, USA
    Child Care Health Dev 38:332-40. 2012
  6. pmc Association between nutritional status and positive childhood disability screening using the ten questions plus tool in Sarlahi, Nepal
    L Wu
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:585-94. 2010
  7. pmc Prevalence of small-for-gestational-age and its mortality risk varies by choice of birth-weight-for-gestation reference population
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e92074. 2014
  8. pmc Mortality risk in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants in low-income and middle-income countries: a pooled country analysis
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:417-25. 2013
  9. pmc Development and validation of a computerized expert system for evaluation of automated visual fields from the Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Decompression Trial
    Steven E Feldon
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY, USA
    BMC Ophthalmol 6:34. 2006
  10. pmc Neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 8:43. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications105 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Adverse intraoperative medical events and their association with anesthesia management strategies in cataract surgery
    J Katz
    Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205-2103, USA
    Ophthalmology 108:1721-6. 2001
    ..However, cataract surgery is a safe procedure with a low absolute risk of medical complications with either topical or injection anesthesia. Clinicians should weigh the risks and benefits of their use for individual patients...
  2. pmc Breast-feeding patterns, time to initiation, and mortality risk among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:599-603. 2008
    ..Community-based breast-feeding promotion programs should remain a priority, with renewed emphasis on early initiation in addition to exclusiveness and duration of breast-feeding...
  3. pmc Prevalence of refractive error among preschool children in an urban population: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    Lydia Giordano
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:739-46, 746.e1-4. 2009
    ..To determine the age-specific prevalence of refractive errors in white and African-American preschool children...
  4. doi request reprint Incidence and seasonality of hypothermia among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Ste E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:71-7. 2010
    ..To quantify incidence, age distribution, and seasonality of neonatal hypothermia among a large population cohort...
  5. doi request reprint The association of preterm birth and small birthweight for gestational age on childhood disability screening using the Ten Questions Plus tool in rural Sarlahi district, southern Nepal
    L A Wu
    National Vaccine Program Office, US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D C, USA
    Child Care Health Dev 38:332-40. 2012
    ..Preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction are potential risk factors for child disability and loss of developmental potential, but there are few studies examining this relationship from developing settings...
  6. pmc Association between nutritional status and positive childhood disability screening using the ten questions plus tool in Sarlahi, Nepal
    L Wu
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:585-94. 2010
    ..01, 95% CI 1.27-3.20). Parental report of disability was quite prevalent in this setting, with over a quarter of the sample screening positive. Chronic malnutrition may be associated with delayed motor and mental development...
  7. pmc Prevalence of small-for-gestational-age and its mortality risk varies by choice of birth-weight-for-gestation reference population
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e92074. 2014
    ..We use data from rural Nepal and South India to compare the prevalence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and neonatal mortality risk associated with SGA using different birth-weight-for-gestation reference populations...
  8. pmc Mortality risk in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants in low-income and middle-income countries: a pooled country analysis
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:417-25. 2013
    ..We estimated the neonatal and infant mortality associated with these two characteristics in low-income and middle-income countries...
  9. pmc Development and validation of a computerized expert system for evaluation of automated visual fields from the Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Decompression Trial
    Steven E Feldon
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY, USA
    BMC Ophthalmol 6:34. 2006
    ..Visual fields were measured before treatment using the Humphrey Field Analyzer with the 24-2 program, foveal threshold, and size III stimulus...
  10. pmc Neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 8:43. 2010
    ..Estimates of association between neonatal hypothermia in the community and risk factors are needed to guide the design of interventions to reduce exposure...
  11. pmc The post-partum mid-upper arm circumference of adolescents is reduced by pregnancy in rural Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 6:287-95. 2010
    ..Such a loss of fat, muscle or both may put younger women and their breastfed offspring at greater risk of other adverse health and nutritional outcomes...
  12. ncbi request reprint Risks and benefits of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication use before cataract surgery
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Ophthalmology 110:1784-8. 2003
    ..To estimate the risks and benefits associated with continuation of anticoagulants or antiplatelet medication use before cataract surgery...
  13. pmc Risk factors for maternal night blindness in rural South India
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:193-7. 2009
    ..This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with maternal night blindness in rural South India...
  14. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of rigid gas permeable contact lenses to reduce progression of children's myopia
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:82-90. 2003
    ..To test whether rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lens wear can reduced the rate of myopia progression in school age children...
  15. ncbi request reprint Treatment effects of maternal micronutrient supplementation vary by percentiles of the birth weight distribution in rural Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Nutr 136:1389-94. 2006
    ..Future analytic approaches to estimating benefits of maternal supplementation on birth weight should examine whether there is a constant or variable treatment effect across the distribution of birth weight...
  16. pmc Miscarriage but not stillbirth rates are higher among younger nulliparas in rural Southern Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    J Adolesc Health 42:587-95. 2008
    ..To examine the impact of young maternal age on miscarriages and stillbirths in rural Southern Nepal...
  17. pmc Risk factors for early infant mortality in Sarlahi district, Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Division of Disease Prevention and Control, Center for Human Nutrition, Sight and Life Research Institute, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:717-25. 2003
    ..Early infant mortality has not declined as rapidly as child mortality in many countries. Identification of risk factors for early infant mortality may help inform the design of intervention strategies...
  18. pmc A randomised trial of povidone-iodine to reduce visual impairment from corneal ulcers in rural Nepal
    J Katz
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Division of Disease Prevention and Control, Department of International Health, Room W5009, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 88:1487-92. 2004
    ..To assess whether povidone-iodine provided any benefit over and above a standard regimen of antibiotic therapy for the treatment of corneal ulcers...
  19. pmc Determinants of maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation coverage: village-based female distributors in Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1105-7. 2002
  20. ncbi request reprint Maternal low-dose vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation has no effect on fetal loss and early infant mortality: a randomized cluster trial in Nepal
    J Katz
    Department of International Health, The Center for Human Nutrition, the Sight and Life Institute, and the Dean s Office, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:1570-6. 2000
    ..The effect of vitamin A supplementation on the survival of infants aged <6 mo is unclear. Because most infant deaths occur in the first few month of life, maternal supplementation may improve infant survival...
  21. ncbi request reprint Injectable versus topical anesthesia for cataract surgery: patient perceptions of pain and side effects. The Study of Medical Testing for Cataract Surgery study team
    J Katz
    Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Ophthalmology 107:2054-60. 2000
    ..To compare patient reports of intraoperative pain and postoperative side effects by different anesthesia strategies for cataract surgery...
  22. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the pattern- and total deviation-based Glaucoma Change Probability programs
    J Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:1012-6. 2000
    ..To compare the rates of progression of visual field defects in glaucoma patients, by using the Glaucoma Change Probability program based on pattern deviation and total deviation probability maps...
  23. ncbi request reprint Twinning rates and survival of twins in rural Nepal
    J Katz
    The Division of Disease Control and Prevention, and the Center for Human Nutrition CHN, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 30:802-7. 2001
    ..Twin pregnancies are common but there are few data on rates of twinning or survival of liveborn twin infants in developing countries...
  24. ncbi request reprint Pneumococcal nasopharyngeal colonization in young South Indian infants
    C L Coles
    Department of International Health, John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 20:289-95. 2001
    ..7% of all serotyped isolates. CONCLUSIONS: South Indian infants experience high rates of pneumococcal carriage during the first 6 months of life, which may partially explain their increased risk for pneumonia...
  25. ncbi request reprint The effect of maternal micronutrient supplementation on early neonatal morbidity in rural Nepal: a randomised, controlled, community trial
    P Christian
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, USA
    Arch Dis Child 93:660-4. 2008
    ..Micronutrient deficiencies during pregnancy may be linked to poor newborn health and poor host defences against infection. We assessed newborn morbidity to determine the effect of four combinations of antenatal micronutrient supplements...
  26. pmc Double blind, cluster randomised trial of low dose supplementation with vitamin A or beta carotene on mortality related to pregnancy in Nepal. The NNIPS-2 Study Group
    K P West
    Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Division of Human Nutrition, Room 2041, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 318:570-5. 1999
    ..To assess the impact on mortality related to pregnancy of supplementing women of reproductive age each week with a recommended dietary allowance of vitamin A, either preformed or as beta carotene...
  27. ncbi request reprint Maternal night blindness increases risk of mortality in the first 6 months of life among infants in Nepal
    P Christian
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 131:1510-2. 2001
    ..Thus, 6-mo mortality was higher among infants of women who had night blindness during pregnancy. Maternal receipt of vitamin A reduced this risk...
  28. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation at birth delays pneumococcal colonization in South Indian infants
    C L Coles
    Department of International Health, John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore 21205, USA
    J Nutr 131:255-61. 2001
    ..However, the prevalence of penicillin-resistant isolates was only 4%. Neonatal vitamin A supplementation may play a role in lowering morbidity rates associated with pneumococcal disease by delaying the age at which colonization occurs...
  29. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking during pregnancy in rural Nepal. Risk factors and effects of beta-carotene and vitamin A supplementation
    P Christian
    Division of Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 58:204-11. 2004
    ..We examined risk factors of smoking and the association between smoking and pregnancy-related and 6-month infant mortality in rural Nepal, where 30% women reported smoking during pregnancy...
  30. pmc Antenatal and postnatal iron supplementation and childhood mortality in rural Nepal: a prospective follow-up in a randomized, controlled community trial
    Parul Christian
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Center for Human Nutrition, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1127-36. 2009
    ..Maternal iron-folic acid supplementation reduced mortality among these children by 31% between birth and age 7 years. These results provide additional motivation for strengthening antenatal iron-folic acid programs...
  31. doi request reprint Supplementation with vitamin A early in life and subsequent risk of asthma
    W Checkley
    Critical Care Dept of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21212, USA
    Eur Respir J 38:1310-9. 2011
    ..12 for all comparisons). Vitamin A supplementation early in life was not associated with a decreased risk of asthma in an area with chronic vitamin A deficiency...
  32. doi request reprint The impact of a small steady stream of income for women on family health and economic well-being
    J Katz
    Department of International Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Glob Public Health 2:35-52. 2007
    ..Longer follow-up may reveal impacts on health access and expenditures, although these were not evident in 2 years of employment...
  33. pmc Tolerance of young infants to a single, large dose of vitamin A: a randomized community trial in Nepal
    K P West
    School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
    Bull World Health Organ 70:733-9. 1992
    ..The controlled, periodic distribution of a single 15,000 RE dose of vitamin A therefore confers no apparent acute risk to young infants; a 30,000 RE dose is associated with a minimum risk of transient, acute side-effects...
  34. doi request reprint Beneficial effects of zinc supplementation on head circumference of Nepalese infants and toddlers: a randomized controlled trial
    P J Surkan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:836-42. 2012
    ..To assess the effects of micronutrient supplementation on head circumference of rural Nepali infants and children...
  35. ncbi request reprint The value of routine preoperative medical testing before cataract surgery. Study of Medical Testing for Cataract Surgery
    O D Schein
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 342:168-75. 2000
    ..We performed a study to determine whether routine testing helps reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative medical complications...
  36. pmc Development of clinical sign based algorithms for community based assessment of omphalitis
    L C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite W5021, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 91:F99-104. 2006
    ..In developing countries, newborn omphalitis contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. Community based identification and management of omphalitis will require standardised clinical sign based definitions...
  37. doi request reprint Breast-feeding initiation time and neonatal mortality risk among newborns in South India
    C R Garcia
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Perinatol 31:397-403. 2011
    ..To examine the association between breast-feeding initiation time and neonatal mortality in India, where breast-feeding initiation varies widely from region to region...
  38. ncbi request reprint The impact of vitamin A supplementation on mortality inequalities among children in Nepal
    David Bishai
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA Email
    Health Policy Plan 20:60-6. 2005
    ..This paper examines gender, caste and economic differentials in child mortality in the context of a cluster-randomized trial of vitamin A distribution, in order to determine whether or not the intervention narrowed these differentials...
  39. ncbi request reprint Neonatal vitamin A supplementation: effect on development and growth at 3 y of age
    J H Humphrey
    Center for Human Nutrition, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:109-17. 1998
    ..68 cm, P < 0.05), over the first 3 y of life. This study provides no evidence that neonatal vitamin A supplementation is associated with biologically significant adverse growth or developmental sequelae...
  40. pmc Traditional birth attendants in rural Nepal: knowledge, attitudes and practices about maternal and newborn health
    N Thatte
    Department of International Health, International Centre for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Glob Public Health 4:600-17. 2009
    ..Despite uncertainty regarding the role of TBAs to manage maternal complications, TBAs may be strategically placed to make potential contributions to newborn survival...
  41. pmc Maternal and birth attendant hand washing and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal
    Victor Rhee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:603-8. 2008
    ..More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality...
  42. pmc Preterm delivery but not intrauterine growth retardation is associated with young maternal age among primiparae in rural Nepal
    Christine P Stewart
    Department of International Health, Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Room W2505, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 3:174-85. 2007
    ..Thus, we conclude that young maternal age (<or=18 years) increased the risk of preterm delivery, but not intrauterine growth retardation, for the first but not second liveborn infant...
  43. pmc Zinc modifies the association between nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage and risk of acute lower respiratory infection among young children in rural Nepal
    Christian L Coles
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:2462-7. 2008
    ..09; P = 0.006) than in the zinc group (AMOR = 2.77; P = 0.288). These findings suggest that zinc prophylaxis may protect children against ALRI associated with carriage of Spn and that the effect may differ by infectious etiology...
  44. ncbi request reprint Why do children become vitamin A deficient?
    Melissa Miller
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 132:2867S-2880S. 2002
    ..However, our estimates indicate that the new supplementation regimen will permit a typical child in a developing country setting to attain minimally adequate vitamin A stores during the first 2 y of life...
  45. pmc Young maternal age and the risk of neonatal mortality in rural Nepal
    Vandana Sharma
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:828-35. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationship between adolescent pregnancy and neonatal mortality in a nutritionally deprived population in rural Nepal, and to determine mechanisms through which low maternal age may affect neonatal mortality...
  46. pmc Potential role of traditional birth attendants in neonatal healthcare in rural southern Nepal
    Tina Y Falle
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:53-61. 2009
    ..Continuing efforts to define the role of TBAs may benefit from an emphasis on their potential as active promoters of essential newborn care...
  47. ncbi request reprint Maternal vitamin A supplementation and lung function in offspring
    William Checkley
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:1784-94. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Corneal complications associated with topical ophthalmic use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    N G Congdon
    The Wilmer Eye Institute, Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 27:622-31. 2001
    ..Severe adverse events might have been more likely to occur at lower doses and in routine postoperative settings with generic diclofenac...
  49. pmc Epidemiology of anemia among 4- to 17-month-old children living in south central Nepal
    E H Siegel
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:228-35. 2006
    ..To describe the distribution of hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia in Nepali children living in the Terai region by potential risk factors for deficiency...
  50. ncbi request reprint Newborn vitamin A dosing reduces the case fatality but not incidence of common childhood morbidities in South India
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 137:2470-4. 2007
    ..This trial demonstrated that the reduction in overall mortality due to newborn vitamin A dosing was driven primarily by a reduction in case fatality among infants...
  51. ncbi request reprint Maternal night blindness during pregnancy is associated with low birthweight, morbidity, and poor growth in South India
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:787-92. 2008
    ..05, 1.34). Maternal night blindness was not associated with 6-mo infant mortality or wasting at 6 mo. This study demonstrates that there are important consequences to the infant of maternal vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy...
  52. pmc A randomized controlled trial of the impact of chlorhexidine skin cleansing on bacterial colonization of hospital-born infants in Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:505-11. 2008
    ..Few data exist on the impact of chlorhexidine cleansing on skin colonization of infants during the first day of life or on the absorption potential of chlorhexidine during newborn skin cleansing...
  53. pmc Visual fields at follow-up in the Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Decompression Trial: evaluation of change in pattern defect and severity over time
    Roberta W Scherer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1809-17. 2008
    ..To evaluate change from baseline to 12 months follow-up in study and nonstudy (fellow) eye visual fields from the Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Decompression Trial (IONDT)...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effects of maternal micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and infant mortality: a cluster-randomized trial in Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room 2041, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:1194-202. 2003
    ..We previously reported that maternal micronutrient supplementation in rural Nepal decreased low birth weight by approximately 15%...
  55. doi request reprint Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysis
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:1969-87. 2010
    ..Up-to-date information on the causes of child deaths is crucial to guide global efforts to improve child survival. We report new estimates for 2008 of the major causes of death in children younger than 5 years...
  56. doi request reprint Exposure to indoor biomass fuel and tobacco smoke and risk of adverse reproductive outcomes, mortality, respiratory morbidity and growth among newborn infants in south India
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1351-63. 2009
    ..We assessed the association between exposure to biomass fuel sources and second-hand tobacco smoke (SHTS) in the home and adverse health outcomes in early infancy in a population in rural south India...
  57. pmc Nasopharyngeal carriage of S. pneumoniae among young children in rural Nepal
    Christian L Coles
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1025-33. 2009
    ..To provide epidemiologic data on Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) carriage in Nepal...
  58. doi request reprint Newborn vitamin A supplementation reduced infant mortality in rural Bangladesh
    Rolf D W Klemm
    DRPH, Johns Hopkins University, Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205
    Pediatrics 122:e242-50. 2008
    ..We assessed the effect of supplementing newborns with 50000 IU of vitamin A on all-cause infant mortality through 24 weeks of age...
  59. ncbi request reprint Supplementation with micronutrients in addition to iron and folic acid does not further improve the hematologic status of pregnant women in rural Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 133:3492-8. 2003
    ..The level of compliance and baseline Hb concentrations modified the effect of iron...
  60. pmc Risk factors for pregnancy-related mortality: a prospective study in rural Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Department of International Health and Center for Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W2041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health 122:161-72. 2008
    ..This study examined the risk factors of mortality related to pregnancy for the first year post partum in a cohort of 25,580 pregnancies...
  61. ncbi request reprint Impact of umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine on time to cord separation among newborns in southern Nepal: a cluster-randomized, community-based trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, W5009, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatrics 118:1864-71. 2006
    ..0% chlorhexidine on omphalitis and mortality risk, we aimed to describe the distribution of times to separation and the impact of topical chlorhexidine treatment on cord-separation times...
  62. pmc Risk of death following pregnancy in rural Nepal
    Elizabeth Kimbrough Pradhan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:887-91. 2002
    ..To investigate the length of time following pregnancy during which the risk of mortality was elevated among women in rural Nepal...
  63. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of non-specific effects of infant immunizations on early infant mortality in a southern Indian population
    Lawrence H Moulton
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 10:947-55. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between receipt of routine childhood immunizations and infant mortality before 6 months of age...
  64. doi request reprint Prenatal micronutrient supplementation and intellectual and motor function in early school-aged children in Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W2041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 304:2716-23. 2010
    ..Few studies have examined whether iron and zinc supplementation during gestation, a critical period of central nervous system development, affects children's later functioning...
  65. pmc Growth indices, anemia, and diet independently predict motor milestone acquisition of infants in south central Nepal
    Emily H Siegel
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    J Nutr 135:2840-4. 2005
    ..We conclude that growth, anemia, and diet are independently associated with delays in the onset of bipedal locomotion among young Nepali children...
  66. pmc Effect of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on preschool child mortality in southern Nepal: community-based, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Center for Human Nutrition and the Sight and Life Institute, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 367:144-52. 2006
    ..Supplementation with iron and folic acid alleviates severe anaemia and enhances neurodevelopment in deficient populations, but little is known about the risks of mortality and morbidity associated with supplementation...
  67. pmc Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Lancet 367:910-8. 2006
    ..Omphalitis contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptics might reduce infection and mortality risk, but has not been rigorously investigated...
  68. ncbi request reprint Environmental-structural factors significantly associated with consistent condom use among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room E7141, Baltimore, MD 21245, USA
    AIDS 17:415-23. 2003
    ..To examine the influence of environmental-structural factors in promoting consistent condom use (CCU) among female sex workers (FSW) and their regular paying partners in the Dominican Republic...
  69. pmc Risk factors for umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:203-11. 2007
    ..In addition to topical antiseptics, simple, low-cost interventions such as hand washing, skin-to-skin contact, and avoiding unclean cord applications should be promoted by community-based health workers...
  70. pmc Risk of mortality subsequent to umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal: cord infection and mortality
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:17-20. 2009
    ..We compared the risk of mortality between infants with and without signs of umbilical cord infection during a community-based trial of chlorhexidine interventions in southern Nepal...
  71. pmc Pregnancy-related mortality in southern Nepal between 2001 and 2006: independent estimates from a prospective, population-based cohort and a direct sisterhood survey
    David W Wee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:855-60. 2010
    ..Access to life-saving maternal health interventions remains low in rural Nepal, and continued efforts are necessary to ensure equitable and country-wide progress toward Millennium Development Goal 5...
  72. pmc Impact of newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e330-40. 2007
    ..Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a 1-time skin-cleansing of newborn infants with 0.25% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality...
  73. pmc Effects of alternative maternal micronutrient supplements on low birth weight in rural Nepal: double blind randomised community trial
    Parul Christian
    Division of Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 326:571. 2003
    ..To assess the impact on birth size and risk of low birth weight of alternative combinations of micronutrients given to pregnant women...
  74. pmc Daily supplementation with iron plus folic acid, zinc, and their combination is not associated with younger age at first walking unassisted in malnourished preschool children from a deficient population in rural Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health and 6Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 140:1317-21. 2010
    ..5 cm [60.6 d, (95% CI: 28.5, 92.6)]. Risks and benefits of universal iron+folic acid supplementation of infants beyond improved hematologic status deserve further consideration...
  75. doi request reprint Risk of mortality associated with neonatal hypothermia in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:650-6. 2010
    ..To quantify the neonatal mortality/hypothermia relationship and develop evidence-based cutoffs for global definitions of neonatal hypothermia...
  76. pmc Effect of daily zinc supplementation on child mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2013, USA
    Lancet 370:1230-9. 2007
    ..However, whether routine supplementation would decrease morbidity and mortality in populations with zinc deficiency is unclear. We assessed the effect of daily zinc supplementation on children in southern Nepal...
  77. pmc Estimating the rate of progressive visual field damage in those with open-angle glaucoma, from cross-sectional data
    Aimee Teo Broman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology and the Glaucoma Service, Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:66-76. 2008
    ..To estimate the rate of visual field progression in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) subjects, by using data from population-based cross-sectional studies...
  78. pmc Risk factors for neonatal mortality due to birth asphyxia in southern Nepal: a prospective, community-based cohort study
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1381-90. 2008
    ..Our goal was to identify antepartum, intrapartum, and infant risk factors for birth asphyxia mortality in a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  79. pmc Effect of instrument precision on estimation of low birth weight prevalence
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 25:11-3. 2005
    ..This study compared two instruments for measuring birth weight to investigate the effect of instrument precision on estimates of LBW prevalence...
  80. pmc Nasopharyngeal carriage of resistant pneumococci in young South Indian infants
    C L Coles
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 129:491-7. 2002
    ....
  81. pmc Prevalence of decreased visual acuity among preschool-aged children in an American urban population: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study, methods, and results
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1786-95, 1795.e1-4. 2008
    ..To determine the age- and ethnicity-specific prevalence of decreased visual acuity (VA) in white and black preschool-aged children...
  82. pmc Verbal autopsy methods to ascertain birth asphyxia deaths in a community-based setting in southern Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1372-80. 2008
    ....
  83. pmc The utilization of eye care services by persons with glaucoma in rural south India
    Alan L Robin
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 102:47-54; discussion 54-5. 2004
    ..To determine utilization of eye care services, in particular those relating to glaucoma, in a rural population of southern India aged 40 years or older...
  84. ncbi request reprint The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens
    Oliver D Schein
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:2172-9. 2005
    ..Duluth, GA), recently approved for up to 30 days of continuous wear...
  85. ncbi request reprint Risk of flood-related mortality in Nepal
    Elizabeth Kimbrough Pradhan
    Center for Integrative Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Disasters 31:57-70. 2007
    ..0-6.8). Flood-related fatality was associated with low socio-economic status preflood (RR = 6.4, 95 per cent CI 2.7-20.0), and having a house constructed of thatch (RR = 5.1, 95 per cent CI 1.7-24.5)...
  86. doi request reprint Simplified age-weight mortality risk classification for very low birth weight infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Pediatr 153:519-24. 2008
    ..To identify a valid neonatal mortality risk prediction score feasible for use in developing countries...
  87. pmc Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in white and African American children aged 6 through 71 months the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:2128-34.e1-2. 2009
    ..To determine the age-specific prevalence of strabismus in white and African American children aged 6 through 71 months and of amblyopia in white and African American children aged 30 through 71 months...
  88. pmc Lack of concordance between fixation preference and HOTV optotype visual acuity in preschool children: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1796-9. 2008
    ..To compare the results of fixation preference testing and standardized visual acuity testing in white and black children aged 30 through 71 months...
  89. ncbi request reprint Incidence and progression of myopia in Singaporean school children
    Seang Mei Saw
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:51-7. 2005
    ..To determine the incidence and progression rates of myopia in young Singaporean children...
  90. ncbi request reprint Female reproductive factors and eye disease in a rural South Indian population: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:4273-6. 2004
    ..To determine the potential associations of female reproductive factors with age-related cataract, open-angle glaucoma, macular degeneration, and myopia in an older population of rural south India...
  91. ncbi request reprint Blindness and vision impairment in a rural south Indian population: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey
    R D Thulasiraj
    Aravind Eye Care System and Lions Aravind Institute for Community Ophthalmology, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
    Ophthalmology 110:1491-8. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of blindness and vision impairment in a rural population of southern India...
  92. ncbi request reprint Relationship between vision impairment and eye disease to vision-specific quality of life and function in rural India: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2308-12. 2005
    ..To determine the impact of vision impairment and eye diseases on vision-specific quality of life and visual function in an older population of rural southern India...
  93. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of neonatal verbal autopsy using physician review versus algorithm-based cause-of-death assignment in rural Nepal
    James V Freeman
    Department of Internal Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:323-31. 2005
    ..We recommend an analysis technique that combines both methods, and further validation studies to improve performance of the VA for assigning causes of neonatal death...
  94. ncbi request reprint Ocular trauma in a rural south Indian population: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, India
    Ophthalmology 111:1778-81. 2004
    ..To determine the rate of ocular trauma in a rural population of southern India and its impact on vision impairment and blindness...
  95. ncbi request reprint Sensitivity and specificity of the StratusOCT for perimetric glaucoma
    Donald L Budenz
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:3-9. 2005
    ..To determine the sensitivity and specificity of measurements of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) using the StratusOCT in glaucoma subjects with visual field (VF) defects...
  96. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of vitreoretinal disorders in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Study
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, India
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:581-6. 2004
    ..To determine the magnitude of vitreoretinal disorders in a rural southern Indian population...
  97. ncbi request reprint Lens opacities in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Study
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:4639-43. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of lens opacities in an older population in rural southern India...
  98. ncbi request reprint Glaucoma in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind comprehensive eye survey
    R Ramakrishnan
    Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
    Ophthalmology 110:1484-90. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of glaucoma and risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma in a rural population of southern India...
  99. pmc Impact of supplementing newborn infants with vitamin A on early infant mortality: community based randomised trial in southern India
    Lakshmi Rahmathullah
    Aravind Centre for Women, Children and Community Health, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
    BMJ 327:254. 2003
    ..To assess the impact of supplementing newborn infants with vitamin A on mortality at age 6 months...
  100. ncbi request reprint Pseudoexfoliation in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey
    R Krishnadas
    Aravind Eye Care System and Lions Aravind Institute for Community Ophthalmology, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
    Am J Ophthalmol 135:830-7. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence and risk factors for pseudoexfoliation in a rural population of southern India...
  101. ncbi request reprint Maternal reports of sleep in 6-18 month-old infants from Nepal and Zanzibar: association with iron deficiency anemia and stunting
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, United States
    Early Hum Dev 84:389-98. 2008
    ..They may also be fatigued more often, suggesting their sleep may be affected. It is unclear whether fatigue in these infants is due to poor nighttime sleep or if it is compensated for with frequent naps or longer sleep...

Research Grants3

  1. Training in International Maternal and Child Health
    Joanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  2. Impact of adolescent pregnancy on nutritional status
    Joanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Measures of nutritional status at birth include weight, length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumference. Growth of these infants through 6 months of age will also be examined, as will hemoglobin and serum retinol at 3 months of age. ..