Eliseo Guallar

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality
    Edgar R Miller
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2223, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:37-46. 2005
  2. pmc Metals in urine and peripheral arterial disease
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:164-9. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Adulthood consumption of preserved and nonpreserved vegetables and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a systematic review
    Lisa Gallicchio
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:1125-35. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Quality of life after acute respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis
    David W Dowdy
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Intensive Care Med 32:1115-24. 2006
  5. pmc Blood lead level and kidney function in US adolescents: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jeffrey J Fadrowski
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:75-82. 2010
  6. pmc Prospective study of serum adiponectin and incident metabolic syndrome: the ARIRANG study
    Jang Young Kim
    Department of Cardiology, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea
    Diabetes Care 36:1547-53. 2013
  7. pmc Aragon workers' health study--design and cohort description
    Jose A Casasnovas
    Cardiovascular Research Unit, Instituto Aragones de Ciencias de la Salud I CS, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:45. 2012
  8. pmc Clinical characteristics and evaluation of LDL-cholesterol treatment of the Spanish Familial Hypercholesterolemia Longitudinal Cohort Study (SAFEHEART)
    Nelva Mata
    Department of Epidemiology, Madrid Health Authority and Fundación Hipercolesterolemia Familiar, Madrid, Spain
    Lipids Health Dis 10:94. 2011
  9. pmc Rationale and methods of the European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Daily Practice (EURIKA)
    Fernando Rodriguez-Artalejo
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid 28029, Spain
    BMC Public Health 10:382. 2010
  10. pmc A prospective study of dietary selenium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes
    Saverio Stranges
    Health Sciences Research Institute, University of Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:564. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications104 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality
    Edgar R Miller
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2223, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:37-46. 2005
    ..However, several trials of high-dosage vitamin E supplementation showed non-statistically significant increases in total mortality...
  2. pmc Metals in urine and peripheral arterial disease
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:164-9. 2005
    ..Other metals in urine were not associated with PAD at the levels found in the general population...
  3. ncbi request reprint Adulthood consumption of preserved and nonpreserved vegetables and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a systematic review
    Lisa Gallicchio
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:1125-35. 2006
    ..Further research in high-risk areas to gain insight into the risk associated with preserved vegetables and protection associated with nonpreserved vegetables may advance understanding of NPC and yield clues for prevention...
  4. ncbi request reprint Quality of life after acute respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis
    David W Dowdy
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Intensive Care Med 32:1115-24. 2006
    ..To summarize long-term quality of life (QOL) and the degree of variation in QOL estimates across studies of acute respiratory distress (ARDS) survivors...
  5. pmc Blood lead level and kidney function in US adolescents: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jeffrey J Fadrowski
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:75-82. 2010
    ..Therefore, in this study, we investigated the association between lead exposure and kidney function in a representative sample of US adolescents...
  6. pmc Prospective study of serum adiponectin and incident metabolic syndrome: the ARIRANG study
    Jang Young Kim
    Department of Cardiology, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea
    Diabetes Care 36:1547-53. 2013
    ..We investigated whether serum adiponectin predicts incident cases of the metabolic syndrome in a population-based longitudinal study...
  7. pmc Aragon workers' health study--design and cohort description
    Jose A Casasnovas
    Cardiovascular Research Unit, Instituto Aragones de Ciencias de la Salud I CS, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:45. 2012
    ..The objective of this paper is to describe the study design, aims and baseline characteristics of participants in the AWHS...
  8. pmc Clinical characteristics and evaluation of LDL-cholesterol treatment of the Spanish Familial Hypercholesterolemia Longitudinal Cohort Study (SAFEHEART)
    Nelva Mata
    Department of Epidemiology, Madrid Health Authority and Fundación Hipercolesterolemia Familiar, Madrid, Spain
    Lipids Health Dis 10:94. 2011
    ..Despite the use of statins, most patients do not achieve an optimal LDL-cholesterol goal. The aims of this study are to describe baseline characteristics and to evaluate Lipid Lowering Therapy (LLT) in FH patients recruited in SAFEHEART...
  9. pmc Rationale and methods of the European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Daily Practice (EURIKA)
    Fernando Rodriguez-Artalejo
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid 28029, Spain
    BMC Public Health 10:382. 2010
    ..It will also assess physicians' knowledge and attitudes about CVD prevention as well as the barriers impeding effective risk factor management in clinical practice...
  10. pmc A prospective study of dietary selenium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes
    Saverio Stranges
    Health Sciences Research Institute, University of Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:564. 2010
    ..This study examined the prospective association between dietary selenium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes...
  11. pmc Excess risk attributable to traditional cardiovascular risk factors in clinical practice settings across Europe - The EURIKA Study
    Eliseo Guallar
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:704. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to estimate the excess risk attributable, firstly, to the presence of CVD risk factors and, secondly, to the lack of control of these risk factors in primary prevention care across Europe...
  12. ncbi request reprint Confounding of the relation between homocysteine and peripheral arterial disease by lead, cadmium, and renal function
    Eliseo Guallar
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:700-8. 2006
    ..The association of lead and cadmium with PAD risk deserves further investigation...
  13. ncbi request reprint Low toenail chromium concentration and increased risk of nonfatal myocardial infarction
    Eliseo Guallar
    Department of Epidemiology, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:157-64. 2005
    ..95). Toenail chromium concentration was inversely associated with the risk of a first myocardial infarction in men. These results add to an increasing body of evidence that points to the importance of chromium for cardiovascular health...
  14. ncbi request reprint Mercury, fish oils, and the risk of myocardial infarction
    Eliseo Guallar
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1747-54. 2002
    ..Because fish intake is a major source of exposure to mercury, the mercury content of fish may counteract the beneficial effects of its n-3 fatty acids...
  15. ncbi request reprint Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure: an evaluation of their joint effect on mortality
    Roberto Pastor-Barriuso
    National Center for Epidemiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    Ann Intern Med 139:731-9. 2003
    ..Many studies, however, are limited by inadequate statistical methods to separate these effects...
  16. pmc Serum selenium and peripheral arterial disease: results from the national health and nutrition examination survey, 2003-2004
    Joachim Bleys
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:996-1003. 2009
    ..The association between serum selenium levels and the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease was not statistically significant, although a U-shaped relation was suggested...
  17. pmc QT-interval duration and mortality rate: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yiyi Zhang
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2024 E Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 171:1727-33. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc Arsenic exposure, diabetes prevalence, and diabetes control in the Strong Heart Study
    Matthew O Gribble
    Departments of Environmental Health Sciences and Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Room W7513D, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:865-74. 2012
    ..Prospective studies that evaluate the direction of the relation between poor diabetes control and arsenic exposure are needed...
  19. pmc The association of biomarkers of iron status with peripheral arterial disease in US adults
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 9:34. 2009
    ..Few studies, however, have evaluated the association between biomarkers of iron metabolism and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The purpose of this study is to examine the association of ferritin and transferrin saturation with PAD...
  20. pmc Association of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity with sex steroid hormone levels in US men
    Meredith S Shiels
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:877-86. 2009
    ....
  21. doi request reprint Cadmium exposure and incident cardiovascular disease
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 24:421-9. 2013
    ..We evaluated the association of urine cadmium concentration with cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality in a large population-based cohort...
  22. pmc Prospective observational study of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in primary prevention of sudden cardiac death: study design and cohort description
    Alan Cheng
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
    J Am Heart Assoc 2:e000083. 2013
    ....
  23. pmc Cancer incidence in a sample of Maryland residents with serious mental illness
    Emma Elizabeth McGinty
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 63:714-7. 2012
    ..Cancer risk in the population with serious mental illness is uncertain, and its incidence was examined by race, sex, and cancer site in a community-based cohort of adults with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder...
  24. pmc Achievement of treatment goals for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice across Europe: the EURIKA study
    Jose R Banegas
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid IdiPAZ, Avda Arzobispo Morcillo 2, Madrid, Spain
    Eur Heart J 32:2143-52. 2011
    ..We assessed the achievement of treatment goals for CVD risk factors among patients with a substantial variation in CVD risk...
  25. pmc Cadmium and peripheral arterial disease: gender differences in the 1999-2004 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:671-81. 2010
    ..These findings add to the concern of increased cadmium exposure as a cardiovascular risk factor in the general population...
  26. doi request reprint Sex steroid hormone concentrations and risk of death in US men
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:583-92. 2010
    ..Future studies should be conducted to fully characterize the association of low free and bioavailable testosterone concentrations and mortality in men and to describe the mechanism underlying the association...
  27. pmc Sex-steroid hormones and electrocardiographic QT-interval duration: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    Yiyi Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:403-11. 2011
    ..The findings suggest that testosterone levels may explain differences in QT-interval duration between men and women and could be a contributor to population variability in QT-interval duration among men...
  28. pmc Cadmium levels in urine and mortality among U.S. adults
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:190-6. 2009
    ..However, studies investigating this association have included participants with considerably higher levels of cadmium than those found in the general population...
  29. pmc Serum selenium concentrations and hypertension in the US Population
    Martin Laclaustra
    Department of Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, Spain
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2:369-76. 2009
    ..We explored the relationship of serum selenium concentrations with blood pressure and hypertension in a representative sample of the US population...
  30. ncbi request reprint Blood lead below 0.48 micromol/L (10 microg/dL) and mortality among US adults
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University SPHTM, 1430 Tulane Ave, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Circulation 114:1388-94. 2006
    ..The objective of the present study was to determine the association between blood lead levels below 0.48 micromol/L and mortality in the general US population...
  31. doi request reprint Arsenic exposure and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in US adults
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W7033B, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 300:814-22. 2008
    ..In contrast, arsenobetaine, an organic arsenic compound derived from seafood intake, is considered nontoxic...
  32. ncbi request reprint Carotenoids and the risk of developing lung cancer: a systematic review
    Lisa Gallicchio
    The Prevention and Research Center, Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:372-83. 2008
    ..Carotenoids are thought to have anti-cancer properties, but findings from population-based research have been inconsistent...
  33. pmc Alcohol consumption and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a systematic review
    Liwei Chen
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Nutr Cancer 61:1-15. 2009
    ..Considered in total, the quantitative summaries of the case-control evidence suggest that heavy alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of NPC...
  34. pmc Post-myocardial-infarction quality of care among disabled Medicaid beneficiaries with and without serious mental illness
    Emma E McGinty
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34:493-9. 2012
    ..The objective was to examine the association between serious mental illness and quality of care for myocardial infarction among disabled Maryland Medicaid beneficiaries...
  35. pmc Serum selenium and serum lipids in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004
    Martin Laclaustra
    Department of Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares CNIC, Madrid, Spain
    Atherosclerosis 210:643-8. 2010
    ....
  36. pmc Blood cadmium and lead and chronic kidney disease in US adults: a joint analysis
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1156-64. 2009
    ..58, 10.65) for both outcomes. These findings support consideration of cadmium and lead as chronic kidney disease risk factors in the general population and provide novel evidence of risk with environmental exposure to both metals...
  37. pmc Urine arsenic and hypertension in US adults: the 2003-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Miranda R Jones
    Department of Epidemiology, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 22:153-61. 2011
    ..We investigated the association of exposure to inorganic arsenic (as measured in urine) with systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and the prevalence of hypertension in US adults...
  38. ncbi request reprint Relationship of monocyte count and peripheral arterial disease: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002
    Khurram Nasir
    Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 0409, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:1966-71. 2005
    ....
  39. pmc Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and mortality among US adults: prospective cohort study
    Mariana Lazo
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 343:d6891. 2011
    ..To evaluate the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and all cause and cause specific mortality in a representative sample of the US general population...
  40. pmc Associations of blood lead with estimated glomerular filtration rate using MDRD, CKD-EPI and serum cystatin C-based equations
    June T Spector
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 26:2786-92. 2011
    ..However, studies evaluating associations of lead dose with newer, potentially more accurate, estimates of kidney function, in participants with a wide range of glomerular filtration rates (GFRs), are scarce...
  41. pmc The effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury in adults with diabetes: results of the GO-FISH trial
    Edgar R Miller
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:1462-9. 2013
    ..In the context of prior studies, these results provide a strong rationale for long-term trials of n-3 PUFA on chronic kidney disease progression...
  42. pmc Lactate and risk of incident diabetes in a case-cohort of the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study
    Stephen P Juraschek
    The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55113. 2013
    ..Whether decreased oxidative capacity is a cause or consequence of diabetes is unknown. Our purpose is to evaluate whether lactate, a marker of oxidative capacity, is associated with incident diabetes...
  43. pmc Combined cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and C-reactive protein levels identify a cohort at low risk for defibrillator firings and death
    Katherine C Wu
    Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 5:178-86. 2012
    ....
  44. pmc Urine arsenic and prevalent albuminuria: evidence from a population-based study
    Laura Y Zheng
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 61:385-94. 2013
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the cross-sectional association between inorganic arsenic exposure and albuminuria in American Indian adults from rural areas of Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota...
  45. pmc A behavioral weight-loss intervention in persons with serious mental illness
    Gail L Daumit
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    N Engl J Med 368:1594-602. 2013
    ..Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of an 18-month tailored behavioral weight-loss intervention in adults with serious mental illness...
  46. pmc Electrocardiographic QT interval and mortality: a meta-analysis
    Yiyi Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 22:660-70. 2011
    ..However, the implications of variations in QT-interval length within normal limits for mortality in the general population are still unclear...
  47. pmc Endogenous sex steroid hormones and measures of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a nationally representative sample of men
    Stella Yi
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 71:246-52. 2009
    ..Sex steroid hormones may play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  48. pmc Serum selenium and serum lipids in US adults
    Joachim Bleys
    Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, Madrid, Spain
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:416-23. 2008
    ..However, the effects of selenium intake on the lipid profile in selenium-replete populations, such as the United States, are largely unknown...
  49. pmc Selenium and coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis
    Gemma Flores-Mateo
    Departmentsof Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:762-73. 2006
    ..It is hypothesized that low selenium concentrations are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and that selenium supplements prevent coronary heart disease...
  50. pmc Body composition and arsenic metabolism: a cross-sectional analysis in the Strong Heart Study
    Matthew O Gribble
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street Office W7513D, Baltimore MD 21205MD, USA
    Environ Health 12:107. 2013
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Vitamin-mineral supplementation and the progression of atherosclerosis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Joachim Bleys
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:880-7; quiz 954-5. 2006
    ..Although trials have not shown a benefit of these supplements on clinical cardiovascular events, it is unknown whether they affect the progression of atherosclerosis as measured by imaging techniques...
  52. ncbi request reprint Lead, cadmium, smoking, and increased risk of peripheral arterial disease
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Circulation 109:3196-201. 2004
    ..The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between blood levels of lead and cadmium and peripheral arterial disease...
  53. doi request reprint Dynamic analysis of cardiac rhythms for discriminating atrial fibrillation from lethal ventricular arrhythmias
    Deeptankar Demazumder
    Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 6:555-61. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that the higher entropy of rapid cardiac rhythms preceding ICD shocks distinguishes AF from VT/ventricular fibrillation...
  54. pmc Heritability and preliminary genome-wide linkage analysis of arsenic metabolites in urine
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 121:345-51. 2013
    ..Arsenic (III) methyltransferase (AS3MT) has been related to urine arsenic metabolites in association studies. Other genes might also play roles in arsenic metabolism and excretion...
  55. doi request reprint Achievement of lipoprotein goals among patients with metabolic syndrome at high cardiovascular risk across Europe. The EURIKA study
    Jose R Banegas
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid IdiPAZ, CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Cardiol 166:210-4. 2013
    ..To examine for the first time the achievement of lipoprotein treatment goals in patients with metabolic syndrome and lipid abnormalities who are at elevated cardiovascular risk in Europe...
  56. pmc Cadmium exposure and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the U.S. general population
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1017-22. 2012
    ..Since 1988, cadmium exposure has decreased substantially in the United States. The associations between blood and urine cadmium and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality at more recent levels of exposure are unknown...
  57. pmc Reduction in cadmium exposure in the United States population, 1988-2008: the contribution of declining smoking rates
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W7513D, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:204-9. 2012
    ..S. adults. However, trends in urine cadmium, a marker of cumulative cadmium exposure, have not been evaluated...
  58. pmc Effects of vitamin C supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Stephen P Juraschek
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:1079-88. 2012
    ..However, evidence for blood pressure-lowering effects of vitamin C in clinical trials is inconsistent...
  59. ncbi request reprint Arsenic exposure and cardiovascular disease: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1037-49. 2005
    ..In other populations or in occupational settings, the evidence was inconclusive. Because of the high prevalence of arsenic exposure, carefully performed studies of arsenic and cardiovascular outcomes should be a research priority...
  60. ncbi request reprint Serum selenium and diabetes in U.S. adults
    Joachim Bleys
    Department of Epidemiology, The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:829-34. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between serum selenium levels and the prevalence of diabetes among U.S. adults...
  61. pmc Coffee, alcohol, smoking, physical activity and QT interval duration: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yiyi Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17584. 2011
    ..However, there is substantial uncertainty about the effect of modifiable factors such as coffee intake, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity on QT interval duration...
  62. doi request reprint Bone lead levels and blood pressure endpoints: a meta-analysis
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiology 19:496-504. 2008
    ..We performed a meta-analysis of the association of bone lead levels with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and hypertension using published data...
  63. pmc Thyroid hormones and electrocardiographic parameters: findings from the third national health and nutrition examination survey
    Yiyi Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e59489. 2013
    ..However, little is known about how variations in thyroid hormone levels within the normal range affect electrical activities of the heart in the general population...
  64. pmc Arsenic exposure and hypertension: a systematic review
    Lalita N Abhyankar
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:494-500. 2012
    ..Environmental exposure to arsenic has been linked to hypertension in persons living in arsenic-endemic areas...
  65. pmc Seafood intake and urine concentrations of total arsenic, dimethylarsinate and arsenobetaine in the US population
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Res 111:110-8. 2011
    ..Seafood is the main source of organic arsenic exposure (arsenobetaine, arsenosugars and arsenolipids) in the population. Arsenosugars and arsenolipids are metabolized to several species including dimethylarsinate (DMA)...
  66. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of plasma ferritin level and incident diabetes: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Megan L Jehn
    Department of Epidemiology, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1047-54. 2007
    ..Longitudinal studies with repeated measurements of glucose and iron metabolism parameters are needed to establish the role of iron stores and plasma ferritin in diabetes development...
  67. pmc Lead exposure and cardiovascular disease--a systematic review
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:472-82. 2007
    ..This systematic review evaluates the evidence on the association between lead exposure and cardiovascular end points in human populations...
  68. pmc Cadmium exposure and hypertension in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Rm W7033B, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:51-6. 2008
    ..Cadmium induces hypertension in animal models. Epidemiologic studies of cadmium exposure and hypertension, however, have been inconsistent...
  69. pmc Serum selenium concentrations and diabetes in U.S. adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004
    Martin Laclaustra
    Department of Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1409-13. 2009
    ..Increasing evidence suggests that high selenium levels are associated with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors...
  70. pmc Randomized trial of achieving healthy lifestyles in psychiatric rehabilitation: the ACHIEVE trial
    Sarah S Casagrande
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 10:108. 2010
    ..Participants randomized to the intervention arm of the study are hypothesized to have greater weight loss than the control group...
  71. pmc Arsenic exposure and cardiovascular disease: an updated systematic review
    Katherine Moon
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room W7604, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 14:542-55. 2012
    ..Our review strengthens the evidence for a causal association between high-chronic arsenic exposure and clinical cardiovascular endpoints. Additional high quality studies are needed at low-moderate arsenic levels...
  72. pmc Blood cadmium and estimated glomerular filtration rate in Korean adults
    Young Hwangbo
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1800-5. 2011
    ..Cadmium is a nephrotoxicant at high exposure levels. Few studies have evaluated the role of cadmium in kidney function at low-exposure levels...
  73. doi request reprint Diagnostic accuracy and reliability of ultrasonography for the detection of fatty liver: a meta-analysis
    Ruben Hernaez
    Department of Medicine The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Hepatology 54:1082-90. 2011
    ..Because of its low cost, safety, and accessibility, ultrasound is likely the imaging technique of choice for screening for fatty liver in clinical and population settings...
  74. doi request reprint Serum selenium levels and all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality among US adults
    Joachim Bleys
    Department of Epidemiology, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:404-10. 2008
    ..We evaluated the association between selenium levels and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a representative sample of US adults...
  75. doi request reprint Meta-analysis of folic acid supplementation trials on risk of cardiovascular disease and risk interaction with baseline homocysteine levels
    Edgar R Miller
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Cardiol 106:517-27. 2010
    ..This interaction may have important implications for recommendations of FA supplement use. In the meantime, FA supplementation should not be recommended as a means to prevent or treat CVD or stroke...
  76. pmc Urine arsenic concentrations and species excretion patterns in American Indian communities over a 10-year period: the Strong Heart Study
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1428-33. 2009
    ..Arsenic exposure in drinking water disproportionately affects small communities in some U.S. regions, including American Indian communities. In U.S. adults with no seafood intake, median total urine arsenic is 3.4 microg/L...
  77. pmc The effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on urine protein excretion and kidney function: meta-analysis of clinical trials
    Edgar R Miller
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1937-45. 2009
    ..Although epidemiologic and experimental studies suggest that n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LCPUFA) supplementation may prevent or slow the progression of kidney disease, evidence from clinical trials is inconsistent...
  78. pmc Arsenic exposure and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review of the experimental and epidemiological evidence
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2223, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:641-8. 2006
    ....
  79. pmc Quality of care for heart failure among disabled Medicaid recipients with and without severe mental illness
    Saul Blecker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:255-61. 2010
    ..To examine the association between severe mental illness (SMI) and quality of care in heart failure...
  80. doi request reprint C-reactive protein and colorectal cancer risk: a systematic review of prospective studies
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Cancer 123:1133-40. 2008
    ..More work is needed to understand the extent to which circulating high-sensitivity C-reactive protein or other blood inflammatory markers are related to colonic inflammation...
  81. doi request reprint Aspirin plus clopidogrel and risk of infection after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Elena Blasco-Colmenares
    Department of Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 298 Meyer Bldg, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:788-96. 2009
    ..Pharmacologic suppression of platelet function may increase the risk of postoperative infection by inhibiting hemostasis, immunity, or both...
  82. ncbi request reprint Impact of energy intake, physical activity, and population-wide weight loss on cardiovascular disease and diabetes mortality in Cuba, 1980-2005
    Manuel Franco
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1374-80. 2007
    ..These results suggest that population-wide measures designed to reduce energy stores, without affecting nutritional sufficiency, may lead to declines in diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality...
  83. doi request reprint A cohort study of hyperuricemia in middle-aged South Korean men
    Seungho Ryu
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2024 East Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:133-43. 2012
    ....
  84. pmc The association of urinary cadmium with sex steroid hormone concentrations in a general population sample of US adult men
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:72. 2008
    ..Studies investigating the association of cadmium and sex steroid hormones in men have been inconsistent, but previous studies were relatively small...
  85. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Michelle M Kittleson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, John Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Can J Cardiol 21:581-7. 2005
    ....
  86. doi request reprint Selenium intake and cardiovascular risk: what is new?
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Curr Opin Lipidol 19:43-9. 2008
    ..This review discusses recent experimental and epidemiologic contributions on the role of selenium for the prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease...
  87. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and safety of statin monotherapy in older adults: a meta-analysis
    Caroline G P Roberts
    Division of Endocrinology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:879-87. 2007
    ..To determine the effect of statins on all-cause mortality and on major cardiovascular events, including stroke, we performed a meta-analysis of statin trials that included older adult participants...
  88. pmc Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, and electrocardiographic QT interval duration: findings from NHANES III and ARIC
    Yiyi Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2024 East Monument Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96:1873-82. 2011
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of randomized educational and behavioral interventions in type 2 diabetes
    Tiffany L Gary
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Educ 29:488-501. 2003
    ..This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of educational and behavioral interventions on body weight and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes...
  90. ncbi request reprint Rapid response systems: a systematic review
    Bradford D Winters
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, MD, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:1238-43. 2007
    ..Rapid response systems have been advocated as a potential model to identify and intervene in patients who are experiencing deterioration on general hospital wards...
  91. ncbi request reprint Serum ferritin and risk of the metabolic syndrome in U.S. adults
    Megan Jehn
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2422-8. 2004
    ..We examined the relationship among iron stores, the metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance...
  92. ncbi request reprint Adverse events during medical and surgical hospitalizations for persons with schizophrenia
    Gail L Daumit
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:267-72. 2006
    ..Persons with schizophrenia have a high risk of premature mortality. It is not clear if greater risk for adverse events during hospitalization is a contributing factor...
  93. ncbi request reprint Receipt of preventive medical services at psychiatric visits by patients with severe mental illness
    Gail L Daumit
    School of Medicine and the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 53:884-7. 2002
    ..Preventive services were less likely to have been provided during visits to health maintenance organizations and visits that took place later in the study period...
  94. ncbi request reprint Transition models for change-point estimation in logistic regression
    Roberto Pastor-Barriuso
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National School of Public Health, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    Stat Med 22:1141-62. 2003
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, APOE genotype, and dementia risk: findings from the Cardiovascular Health Cognition Study
    Laura Jean Podewils
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:639-51. 2005
    ..A similar pattern was observed for Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Mechanisms to explain the observed relations deserve further study...
  96. ncbi request reprint Outpatient prescriptions for atypical antipsychotics for African Americans, Hispanics, and whites in the United States
    Gail L Daumit
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2024 E Monument St, Suite 2 500, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:121-8. 2003
    ..We examined whether ethnic minorities achieve access to these new advanced treatments...
  97. ncbi request reprint The effect of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
    Sun Ha Jee
    Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Yonsei University Graduate School of Health Science and Management, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Hypertens 15:691-6. 2002
    ..An increased intake of magnesium might lower blood pressure (BP), yet evidence from clinical trials is inconsistent, perhaps as a result of small sample size or heterogeneity in study design...
  98. ncbi request reprint Direct, progressive association of cardiovascular risk factors with incident proteinuria: results from the Korea Medical Insurance Corporation (KMIC) study
    Sun Ha Jee
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Graduate School of Public Health, The Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
    Arch Intern Med 165:2299-304. 2005
    ..Proteinuria is a major risk factor for the progression of kidney disease and the development of cardiovascular disease. Little is known, however, about risk factors for incident proteinuria...
  99. ncbi request reprint An editorial update: Annus horribilis for vitamin E
    Eliseo Guallar
    Ann Intern Med 143:143-5. 2005
  100. ncbi request reprint Selenium and diabetes: more bad news for supplements
    Joachim Bleys
    Ann Intern Med 147:271-2. 2007
  101. doi request reprint Dietary iron and blood pressure
    Saverio Stranges
    BMJ 337:a547. 2008

Research Grants12

  1. Lead, Cadmium,Arsenic, and cardiovascular risk in children
    Eliseo Guallar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The information obtained in this study will be relevant to millions of children in the US and abroad who are chronically exposed to lead, cadmium, and arsenic in the environment. ..
  2. Lead, Cadmium,Arsenic, and cardiovascular risk in children
    Eliseo Guallar; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The information obtained in this study will be relevant to millions of children in the US and abroad who are chronically exposed to lead, cadmium, and arsenic in the environment. ..
  3. Mercury, Arsenic, and Carotid Atherosclerosis
    Eliseo Guallar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Relevance: Confirmation of the role of mercury or arsenic on atherogenesis could impact current environmental and dietary public health recommendations. ..
  4. Heavy Metals, Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk
    Eliseo Guallar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  5. Lead, Cadmium,Arsenic, and cardiovascular risk in children
    Eliseo Guallar; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The information obtained in this study will be relevant to millions of children in the US and abroad who are chronically exposed to lead, cadmium, and arsenic in the environment. ..