Howard W Francis

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Surgical factors in pediatric cochlear implantation and their early effects on electrode activation and functional outcomes
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 0910, USA
    Otol Neurotol 29:502-8. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Impact of cochlear implants on the functional health status of older adults
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Laryngoscope 112:1482-8. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Cochlear implantation update
    Howard W Francis
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 601 N Caroline Street, JHOC, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 50:341-61, viii. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint Central effects of residual hearing: implications for choice of ear for cochlear implantation
    Howard W Francis
    Listening Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 0910, U S A
    Laryngoscope 114:1747-52. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The functional age of hearing loss in a mouse model of presbycusis. II. Neuroanatomical correlates
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology HNS, Johns Hopkins University, 601 North Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Hear Res 183:29-36. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Two types of afferent terminals innervate cochlear inner hair cells in C57BL/6J mice
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Brain Res 1016:182-94. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of central nervous system residua on cochlear implant results in children deafened by meningitis
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 130:604-11. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Efficient quantification of afferent cochlear ultrastructure using design-based stereology
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 601N Caroline St, JHOC 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 150:150-8. 2006
  9. doi request reprint Determinants of resident competence in mastoidectomy: role of interest and deliberate practice
    Mohammad U Malik
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U S A
    Laryngoscope 123:3162-7. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Objective assessment of mastoidectomy skills in the operating room
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:759-65. 2010

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Surgical factors in pediatric cochlear implantation and their early effects on electrode activation and functional outcomes
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 0910, USA
    Otol Neurotol 29:502-8. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of surgical factors on electrode status and early communication outcomes in young children in the first 2 years of cochlear implantation...
  2. ncbi request reprint Impact of cochlear implants on the functional health status of older adults
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Laryngoscope 112:1482-8. 2002
    ..To assess the impact of cochlear implantation on quality of life changes in older adults aged 50 years and above...
  3. ncbi request reprint Cochlear implantation update
    Howard W Francis
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 601 N Caroline Street, JHOC, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 50:341-61, viii. 2003
    ..There are early indications that increased access to mainstream education and gains in quality of life are long-term benefits that render cochlear implantation a cost-effective intervention...
  4. ncbi request reprint Central effects of residual hearing: implications for choice of ear for cochlear implantation
    Howard W Francis
    Listening Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 0910, U S A
    Laryngoscope 114:1747-52. 2004
    ..The study tested the hypothesis that among patients with similar levels of residual hearing in the nonimplanted ear, speech perception outcome is the same whether or not the implanted ear has profound or severe levels of hearing loss...
  5. ncbi request reprint The functional age of hearing loss in a mouse model of presbycusis. II. Neuroanatomical correlates
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology HNS, Johns Hopkins University, 601 North Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Hear Res 183:29-36. 2003
    ..In the absence of physiologically defined cochlear frequency maps for C57BL/6J mice, these structure-function correlation techniques offer an alternative approach for linking anatomical results to hearing abilities...
  6. ncbi request reprint Two types of afferent terminals innervate cochlear inner hair cells in C57BL/6J mice
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Brain Res 1016:182-94. 2004
    ..In many cases, the double membrane was continuous with the outer terminal membrane as if produced by an invagination. We still must determine the generality of these observations with respect to other mouse strains...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of central nervous system residua on cochlear implant results in children deafened by meningitis
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 130:604-11. 2004
    ..This study explored factors associated with speech recognition outcomes in postmeningitic deafness (PMD). The results of cochlear implantation may vary in children with PMD because of sequelae that extend beyond the auditory periphery...
  8. ncbi request reprint Efficient quantification of afferent cochlear ultrastructure using design-based stereology
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 601N Caroline St, JHOC 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 150:150-8. 2006
    ..We conclude that ultrastructural quantification of afferent innervation can be accomplished in the cochlea using efficient design-based stereology...
  9. doi request reprint Determinants of resident competence in mastoidectomy: role of interest and deliberate practice
    Mohammad U Malik
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U S A
    Laryngoscope 123:3162-7. 2013
    ..This study explores the influence of selected factors on achievement of competency in mastoid surgery...
  10. doi request reprint Objective assessment of mastoidectomy skills in the operating room
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:759-65. 2010
    ..To determine the feasibility and validity of an objective assessment tool designed to measure the development of mastoidectomy skills by resident trainees in the operating room...
  11. doi request reprint Sex and age associations with vestibular schwannoma size and presenting symptoms
    Aisha Harun
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 33:1604-10. 2012
    ..To assess the association of sex and age with presenting symptoms and size of vestibular schwannoma at clinical presentation to our clinics...
  12. pmc Hearing outcomes after surgical plugging of the superior semicircular canal by a middle cranial fossa approach
    Bryan K Ward
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Otol Neurotol 33:1386-91. 2012
    ..To determine postoperative hearing outcomes after surgical plugging via middle cranial fossa approach for superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS)...
  13. pmc Timing of cochlear implantation and parents' global ratings of children's health and development
    James H Clark
    Department of Otolaryngology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 33:545-52. 2012
    ..To assess children's health-related quality of life (HRQL) and development after cochlear implant (CI) surgery and compare improvements between different age of implantation categories...
  14. doi request reprint Risk factors for vagal palsy following cerebellopontine angle surgery
    Simon R Best
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institution, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 147:364-8. 2012
    ..Describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of postoperative vagal palsy in patients undergoing surgical excision of cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors...
  15. doi request reprint Revision cochlear implant surgery in children: the Johns Hopkins experience
    Andrea L Marlowe
    The Listening Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:74-82. 2010
    ..To assess the efficacy of revision cochlear implantation (RCI) and to identify clinical and device-related factors predictive of RCI outcome...
  16. doi request reprint Patient-perceived long-term communication and swallow function following cerebellopontine angle surgery
    Heather M Starmer
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institution, Baltimore, Maryland, U S A
    Laryngoscope 124:476-80. 2014
    ..Evaluation of long-term patient-perceived functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) related to communication and eating with an emphasis on voice, speech production, and swallowing after cerebello-pontine angle (CPA) surgery...
  17. doi request reprint Technical skills improve after practice on virtual-reality temporal bone simulator
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Laryngoscope 122:1385-91. 2012
    ..To assess whether practice on a virtual-reality (VR) temporal bone simulator improves acquisition of technical skills in mastoid surgery...
  18. ncbi request reprint Task performance in stapedotomy: comparison between surgeons of different experience levels
    Daniel L Rothbaum
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Center for Computer Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 128:71-7. 2003
    ..We conducted trials to determine if experience correlates with differences in performance for these tasks...
  19. pmc Assessment of health-related quality of life 6 years after childhood cochlear implantation
    Rachel L Meserole
    Department of Otolaryngology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Qual Life Res 23:719-31. 2014
    ..To examine the impact of cochlear implant (CI) intervention on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessed by both self- and parent-reported measures...
  20. doi request reprint National prevalence and impact of perioperative vagus nerve injury in vestibular schwannoma
    Bryan K Ward
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Laryngoscope 122:2824-31. 2012
    ..This study aims to characterize the prevalence of complications associated with vagus nerve injury following vestibular schwannoma surgery and the impact of these complications on patient care...
  21. pmc Cochlear implantation in older adults
    Frank R Lin
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Medicine (Baltimore) 91:229-41. 2012
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Predictive models for cochlear implantation in elderly candidates
    Janice Leung
    Division of Otology, Neurotology, and Skull Base Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 131:1049-54. 2005
    ..An aging American population carries a high prevalence of profound sensorineural hearing loss. We examined the performance of multichannel cochlear implant recipients in a large database of adult subjects...
  23. doi request reprint Defining milestones toward competency in mastoidectomy using a skills assessment paradigm
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Laryngoscope 120:1417-21. 2010
    ..To establish milestones toward achievement of surgical competency by using an objective assessment tool designed to measure the development of mastoidectomy skills in the operating room (OR)...
  24. doi request reprint The timely completion of objective assessment tools for evaluation of technical skills
    Kulsoom Laeeq
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Laryngoscope 122:2418-21. 2012
    ..The goal of our study was to assess the effect of time taken to complete an evaluation on its validity...
  25. ncbi request reprint Cochlear implant outcome is not influenced by the choice of ear
    Howard W Francis
    The Listening Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ear Hear 26:7S-16S. 2005
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that patients with residual hearing in the nonimplanted ear had the same cochlear implant benefit whether the implanted ear had profound or severe hearing loss...
  26. doi request reprint Early literacy gains in children with cochlear implants
    Kristin M Ceh
    The Listening Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 34:416-21. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors of emergent reading skills in children receiving early access to sound with a CI...
  27. doi request reprint Spectrum of immune-mediated inner ear disease and cochlear implant results
    Mohammad U Malik
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Laryngoscope 122:2557-62. 2012
    ..To characterize the progression of hearing loss in patients with immune-mediated inner ear disease (IMIED), and to identify disease- and patient-specific factors associated with cochlear implant (CI) performance...
  28. pmc Cochlear implant rehabilitation in older adults: literature review and proposal of a conceptual framework
    James H Clark
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 60:1936-45. 2012
    ..To review studies investigating cochlear implant (CI) outcomes in older adults, and to develop a conceptual framework demonstrating important interactions between characteristics of hearing disability, aging, and the CI intervention...
  29. doi request reprint Pilot testing of an assessment tool for competency in mastoidectomy
    Kulsoom Laeeq
    Department Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Laryngoscope 119:2402-10. 2009
    ..This study tests the hypothesis that residents of dissimilar training levels differ in their technical performance as measured by this tool...
  30. doi request reprint Revision cochlear implantation surgery in adults: indications and results
    Alejandro Rivas
    The Listening Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 29:639-48. 2008
    ..To assess the efficacy, risks, and indications of revision cochlear implantation (RCI) and to identify the clinical, audiologic, and device-related characteristics that predict outcome...
  31. ncbi request reprint Synaptic alterations at inner hair cells precede spiral ganglion cell loss in aging C57BL/6J mice
    Sofia Stamataki
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Hear Res 221:104-18. 2006
    ..Improved knowledge of these processes is necessary to understand the role of afferent connectivity in dysfunction of the aging cochlea...
  32. doi request reprint Is there a "July effect" for head and neck cancer surgery?
    Patrick T Hennessey
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Laryngoscope 123:1889-95. 2013
    ..We sought to determine the effect of admission month on in-hospital mortality, complications, length of hospitalization, and costs for patients undergoing head and neck cancer (HNCA) surgery...
  33. doi request reprint Prevalence, characteristics, and management of swallowing disorders following cerebellopontine angle surgery
    Heather M Starmer
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 146:419-25. 2012
    ..To describe swallowing disorders encountered after cerebellopontine angle surgery and to explore variables associated with increased incidence of postoperative dysphagia...
  34. doi request reprint Development and pilot testing of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) on hoarseness
    C Matthew Stewart
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Laryngoscope 120:2177-82. 2010
    ..To pilot-test the feasibility by assessing residents' clinical skills in various core competencies while assessing hoarseness on a standardized patient (SP)...
  35. doi request reprint Predictors of vestibular schwannoma growth and clinical implications
    Yuri Agrawal
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:807-12. 2010
    ..We evaluated the extent to which tumor growth influences the management of these benign tumors, and we explored symptom markers present at diagnosis that may be predictive of tumor growth...
  36. pmc 3D model of frequency representation in the cochlear nucleus of the CBA/J mouse
    Michael A Muniak
    Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Comp Neurol 521:1510-32. 2013
    ..This model, available online (http://3D.ryugolab.com/), can serve as a tool for quantitatively testing hypotheses concerning frequency and location in the CN...
  37. pmc Efferent synapses return to inner hair cells in the aging cochlea
    Amanda M Lauer
    The Center for Hearing and Balance, Department of Otolaryngology HNS, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 33:2892-902. 2012
    ..Age-related reduction of afferent activity may engage signaling pathways that support the return to an immature state of efferent innervation of the cochlea...
  38. doi request reprint Trends in the management of vestibular schwannomas at Johns Hopkins 1997-2007
    Marietta Tan
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Laryngoscope 120:144-9. 2010
    ..To assess trends in the management of unilateral vestibular schwannomas over an 11-year period and to identify disease- and provider-related influences...
  39. doi request reprint Programmatic challenges in obtaining and confirming the pneumococcal vaccination status of cochlear implant recipients
    Ryan M Carpenter
    The Listening Center at Johns Hopkins, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:1334-6. 2010
    ..Bacterial meningitis represents a substantial concern for individuals with cochlear implants (CIs)...
  40. doi request reprint A model for early prediction of facial nerve recovery after vestibular schwannoma surgery
    Alejandro Rivas
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 32:826-33. 2011
    ..To identify early predictors of long-term facial nerve function after vestibular schwannoma resection...
  41. doi request reprint Arachnoid granulations of the temporal bone: a histologic study of dural and osseous penetration
    Margaret Yew
    The Johns Hopkins Temporal Bone Laboratory, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 32:602-9. 2011
    ..Arachnoid granulations (AG) are more prevalent along the middle fossa surface of the temporal bone, where they produce larger bony defects than those occurring on the posterior surface...
  42. ncbi request reprint Inner ear abnormalities in a Kcnq1 (Kvlqt1) knockout mouse: a model of Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome
    Alejandro Rivas
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 26:415-24. 2005
    ..Mice lacking functional KCNQ1 (previously known as KvLQT1) channels exhibit functional and structural abnormalities that indicate disturbed production of endolymph...
  43. doi request reprint Spontaneous meningoencephalocele of the temporal bone: clinical spectrum and presentation
    Zayna Nahas
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 601 N Caroline St, JHOC 6251, Baltimore, MD 21287 0910, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 134:509-18. 2008
    ..To describe the clinical presentation and the radiological and surgical findings in patients with spontaneous meningoencephalocele of the temporal bone...
  44. doi request reprint Vestibular schwannoma surgical volume and short-term outcomes in Maryland
    Bryan K Ward
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 138:577-83. 2012
    ..To characterize contemporary practice patterns and outcomes of vestibular schwannoma surgery...
  45. ncbi request reprint Robot-assisted stapedotomy: micropick fenestration of the stapes footplate
    Daniel L Rothbaum
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, MD 21287, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:417-26. 2002
    ..Performance variables were measured for 3 experienced and 3 less-experienced surgeons...
  46. pmc Temporal bone findings in a case of Susac's syndrome
    Howard W Francis
    Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Otol Neurotol 32:1198-204. 2011
    ..To describe the histopathologic findings in the temporal bones of a patient with Susac's syndrome (SS)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae meningitis complicated by hearing loss in a 9-year-old HIV-infected boy
    Allison George Agwu
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:531-5. 2006
    ..Placement of cochlear implant improved hearing thresholds. Nontypeable H. influenzae meningitis and use of cochlear implants have not previously been in HIV-infected children...
  48. doi request reprint Histological features of osteofibrous hemangioma of the maxillofacial and skull base regions
    Sofia Stamataki
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 138:587-93. 2008
    ..The histological spectrum of hemangiomas of the skull base and maxillofacial skeleton was evaluated to help explain the variability of the clinical and radiological presentation of this tumor...
  49. ncbi request reprint Reduction of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea after vestibular schwannoma surgery by reconstruction of the drilled porus acusticus with hydroxyapatite bone cement
    Clinton J Baird
    Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Neurosurg 107:347-51. 2007
    ..The authors investigated whether reconstruction of the drilled posterior wall of the porus acusticus with hydroxyapatite cement (HAC) would decrease the incidence of postoperative CSF rhinorrhea...
  50. ncbi request reprint Nasopharyngeal hairy polyp with recurrence in the middle ear
    Steven S Chang
    Department Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 72:261-4. 2008
    ..Indeed, this case documents progressive growth of a hairy polyp during physical development of a child, and indicates a potential for local recurrence following incomplete excision. A review of possible etiologies is conducted...
  51. ncbi request reprint Protein kinase C mediates potentiation of synaptic transmission by phorbol ester at parallel fibers in the dorsal cochlear nucleus
    Howard W Francis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Brain Res 951:9-22. 2002
    ..These experiments demonstrate that protein kinase C is capable of profoundly modulating synaptic transmission at parallel fiber synapses in the DCN...
  52. ncbi request reprint Temporal bone fracture
    Matthias Ohlrogge
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
    Otol Neurotol 25:195-6. 2004

Research Grants2