C L Fischer Walker

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Estimating diarrheal illness and deaths attributable to Shigellae and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli among older children, adolescents, and adults in South Asia and Africa
    Laura M Lamberti
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2705. 2014
  2. pmc The effect of oral rehydration solution and recommended home fluids on diarrhoea mortality
    Melinda K Munos
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i75-87. 2010
  3. pmc Antibiotics for the treatment of dysentery in children
    Beatrix S Traa
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i70-4. 2010
  4. pmc The effect of rotavirus vaccine on diarrhoea mortality
    Melinda K Munos
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i56-62. 2010
  5. pmc Quantifying the association between Campylobacter infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome: a systematic review
    Kate O Poropatich
    George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:545-52. 2010
  6. pmc Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever: Systematic review to estimate global morbidity and mortality for 2010
    Geoffrey C Buckle
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Glob Health 2:10401. 2012
  7. pmc Diarrhea as a risk factor for acute lower respiratory tract infections among young children in low income settings
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Glob Health 3:10402. 2013
  8. pmc Enteric pathogens and reactive arthritis: a systematic review of Campylobacter, salmonella and Shigella-associated reactive arthritis
    Anuli N Ajene
    Department of International Health Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health 615 North Wolfe St, Room E5608 Baltimore, MD 21205 USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:299-307. 2013
  9. pmc Oral zinc supplementation for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nutrients 5:4715-40. 2013
  10. pmc Measuring coverage in MNCH: current indicators for measuring coverage of diarrhea treatment interventions and opportunities for improvement
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001385. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications38

  1. pmc Estimating diarrheal illness and deaths attributable to Shigellae and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli among older children, adolescents, and adults in South Asia and Africa
    Laura M Lamberti
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2705. 2014
    ....
  2. pmc The effect of oral rehydration solution and recommended home fluids on diarrhoea mortality
    Melinda K Munos
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i75-87. 2010
    ..We sought to estimate the effects of these interventions on diarrhoea mortality in children aged <5 years...
  3. pmc Antibiotics for the treatment of dysentery in children
    Beatrix S Traa
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i70-4. 2010
    ....
  4. pmc The effect of rotavirus vaccine on diarrhoea mortality
    Melinda K Munos
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i56-62. 2010
    ..Two rotavirus vaccines were recently introduced to the market, with evidence of efficacy in the USA, Europe and Latin America. We sought to estimate the effectiveness of these vaccines against rotavirus morbidity and mortality...
  5. pmc Quantifying the association between Campylobacter infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome: a systematic review
    Kate O Poropatich
    George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:545-52. 2010
    ..Results of the analysis suggest that 31% of 2,502 GBS cases included in these papers are attributable to Campylobacter infection...
  6. pmc Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever: Systematic review to estimate global morbidity and mortality for 2010
    Geoffrey C Buckle
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Glob Health 2:10401. 2012
    ..Typhoid and paratyphoid fever remain important causes of morbidity worldwide. Accurate disease burden estimates are needed to guide policy decisions and prevention and control strategies...
  7. pmc Diarrhea as a risk factor for acute lower respiratory tract infections among young children in low income settings
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Glob Health 3:10402. 2013
    ..We sought to quantify the correlation of diarrhea and respiratory infections within an individual child and to determine if infection with one illness increases the risk of infection with the other during the same time period...
  8. pmc Enteric pathogens and reactive arthritis: a systematic review of Campylobacter, salmonella and Shigella-associated reactive arthritis
    Anuli N Ajene
    Department of International Health Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health 615 North Wolfe St, Room E5608 Baltimore, MD 21205 USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:299-307. 2013
    ..This information will aid in determining the burden of disease and act as a planning tool for public-health programmes...
  9. pmc Oral zinc supplementation for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nutrients 5:4715-40. 2013
    ..The WHO recommendation for zinc treatment of diarrhea episodes should be supported in all low- and middle-income countries. ..
  10. pmc Measuring coverage in MNCH: current indicators for measuring coverage of diarrhea treatment interventions and opportunities for improvement
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001385. 2013
    ..Research is also needed to assess the accuracy of the current zinc indicator to determine if caregivers are correctly recalling zinc treatment for current and recent diarrhea episodes...
  11. pmc Does childhood diarrhea influence cognition beyond the diarrhea-stunting pathway?
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e47908. 2012
    ..Diarrhea is a leading cause of morbidity among children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries yet the additional effects and sequelae, such as cognitive impairment associated with diarrhea, have not been quantified...
  12. doi request reprint Quantifying the indirect effects of key child survival interventions for pneumonia, diarrhoea, and measles
    C L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 141:115-31. 2013
    ..These interventions may have benefits on causes of death beyond the specific cause of death they are targeted to prevent and this should be considered when evaluating the effects of implementation of interventions...
  13. pmc Haemolytic-uraemic syndrome as a sequela of diarrhoeal disease
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 30:257-61. 2012
    ..dysenteriae type 1. Thus, preventing infections caused by both pathogens is critical for the prevention and control of HUS, especially in areas where timely and effective treatment is not available...
  14. pmc Systematic review of diarrhea duration and severity in children and adults in low- and middle-income countries
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:276. 2012
    ..As improvements in treatment lead to decreases in diarrhea mortality, it is important to understand the substantial impact of diarrhea morbidity on disability among children and adults worldwide...
  15. pmc Diarrhea incidence in low- and middle-income countries in 1990 and 2010: a systematic review
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:220. 2012
    ..We conducted a systematic literature review to identify cohort studies that sought to quantify diarrhea incidence among any age group of children 0-59 mo of age...
  16. pmc Estimating diarrhea mortality among young children in low and middle income countries
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29151. 2012
    ....
  17. pmc Breastfeeding and the risk for diarrhea morbidity and mortality
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S15. 2011
    ..We estimate the protective effects conferred by varying levels of breastfeeding exposure against diarrhea incidence, diarrhea prevalence, diarrhea mortality, all-cause mortality, and hospitalization for diarrhea illness...
  18. pmc Scaling up diarrhea prevention and treatment interventions: a Lives Saved Tool analysis
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1000428. 2011
    ..Although the evidence for individual diarrhea prevention and treatment interventions is solid, the effect a comprehensive scale-up effort would have on diarrhea mortality has not been estimated...
  19. pmc Rotavirus vaccine and diarrhea mortality: quantifying regional variation in effect size
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S16. 2011
    ..Diarrhea mortality remains a leading cause of child death and rotavirus vaccine an effective tool for preventing severe rotavirus diarrhea. New data suggest vaccine efficacy may vary by region...
  20. pmc Etiology of diarrhea in older children, adolescents and adults: a systematic review
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e768. 2010
    ..Diarrhea is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in all regions of the world and among all ages, yet little is known about the fraction of diarrhea episodes and deaths due to each pathogen...
  21. ncbi request reprint Zinc and the risk for infectious disease
    Christa Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 24:255-75. 2004
    ..Zinc clearly has an important role in infant and childhood infectious diseases; programs to increase the intake of zinc among deficient populations are needed...
  22. ncbi request reprint Low-dose weekly supplementation of iron and/or zinc does not affect growth among Bangladeshi infants
    C L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:87-92. 2009
    ..To determine the effect of low-dose weekly supplementation with iron, zinc or both on growth of infants from 6 to 12 months of age...
  23. doi request reprint Global and regional child mortality and burden of disease attributable to zinc deficiency
    C L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:591-7. 2009
    ..We aimed to estimate disease-specific and all-cause mortality attributable to zinc deficiency...
  24. ncbi request reprint Zinc during and in convalescence from diarrhea has no demonstrable effect on subsequent morbidity and anthropometric status among infants <6 mo of age
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:887-94. 2007
    ..Zinc given for 14 d at the start of diarrhea has been shown to decrease the incidence and prevalence of diarrhea and pneumonia and improve growth in the 2-3 mo after, but no trial has been done in infants <6 mo of age...
  25. pmc Does age affect the response to zinc therapy for diarrhoea in Bangladeshi infants?
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room E5543, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:105-9. 2008
    ..Additional research is needed to better understand the effect of zinc for the treatment of diarrhoea among infants aged less than six months...
  26. pmc Zinc and low osmolarity oral rehydration salts for diarrhoea: a renewed call to action
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:780-6. 2009
    ..Revitalizing diarrhoea management must become an international priority if we are going to reduce the burden of diarrhoea deaths and overall child mortality around the world...
  27. ncbi request reprint Diarrhoea morbidity and mortality in older children, adolescents, and adults
    C L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1215-26. 2010
    ..These data are critical for improving estimates worldwide and further highlight the need for improved diarrhoea specific morbidity and mortality data in these age groups...
  28. pmc Zinc for the treatment of diarrhoea: effect on diarrhoea morbidity, mortality and incidence of future episodes
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i63-9. 2010
    ..Using multiple outcome measures, we sought to estimate the effect of zinc for the treatment of diarrhoea on diarrhoea mortality and subsequent pneumonia mortality...
  29. ncbi request reprint Zinc supplementation for the treatment of diarrhea in infants in Pakistan, India and Ethiopia
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 43:357-63. 2006
    ..This randomized, placebo controlled trial was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of 10-mg zinc supplementation for the treatment of acute diarrhea in infants...
  30. ncbi request reprint Functional indicators for assessing zinc deficiency
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S454-79. 2007
    ..Previous recommendations suggest that stunting rates at or above 20% should be indicative of zinc deficiency among children under 5 years of age. This review provides additional data and analysis to support the current recommendation...
  31. ncbi request reprint Zinc for diarrhoea management in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review
    C L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Room 5543, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    East Afr Med J 84:441-9. 2007
    ..To review the evidence supporting the inclusion of zinc for diarrhoea management specifically in sub-Saharan Africa where diarrhoea remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality...
  32. doi request reprint Estimating the distribution of causes of death among children age 1-59 months in high-mortality countries with incomplete death certification
    Hope L Johnson
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1103-14. 2010
    ..Our objective was to develop a methodology to estimate causes of death among children age 1-59 months in high child mortality countries without adequate vital registration (VR) systems...
  33. doi request reprint Progress and barriers for the control of diarrhoeal disease
    Mathuram Santosham
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 376:63-7. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Interactive effects of iron and zinc on biochemical and functional outcomes in supplementation trials
    Christa Fischer Walker
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:5-12. 2005
    ..Further research is needed before health policies on joint supplementation programs can be established...
  35. ncbi request reprint Micronutrients and diarrheal disease
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S73-7. 2007
    ..Folic acid supplementation does not appear to be effective in the prevention or treatment of diarrheal disease...
  36. pmc Effect of HIV/AIDS and malaria on the context for introduction of zinc treatment and low-osmolarity ORS for childhood diarrhoea
    Peter J Winch
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E5030, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:1-11. 2008
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Zinc supplementation and serum zinc during diarrhea
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Indian J Pediatr 73:493-7. 2006
    ..Zinc deficiency is very common in developing countries and is more pronounced during an episode of diarrhea. Supplementation with zinc improves diarrhea and might correct zinc deficiency in both the short and longer term...