Robert E Black

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Micronutrient fortified milk improves iron status, anemia and growth among children 1-4 years: a double masked, randomized, controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12167. 2010
  2. pmc Prebiotic and probiotic fortified milk in prevention of morbidities among children: community-based, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12164. 2010
  3. pmc Pharmacokinetics of high-dose weekly oral vitamin D3 supplementation during the third trimester of pregnancy in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Daniel E Roth
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nutrients 5:788-810. 2013
  4. pmc Pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of vitamin D3 (70,000 IU) in pregnant and non-pregnant women
    Daniel E Roth
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nutr J 11:114. 2012
  5. pmc A common evaluation framework for the African Health Initiative
    Jennifer Bryce
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:S10. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:427-51. 2013
  7. pmc Systematic review of diarrhea duration and severity in children and adults in low- and middle-income countries
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:276. 2012
  8. pmc Social autopsy for maternal and child deaths: a comprehensive literature review to examine the concept and the development of the method
    Henry D Kalter
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, 21205, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:45. 2011
  9. pmc Trends in causes of death among children under 5 in Bangladesh, 1993-2004: an exercise applying a standardized computer algorithm to assign causes of death using verbal autopsy data
    Li Liu
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:43. 2011
  10. pmc Population Health Metrics Research Consortium gold standard verbal autopsy validation study: design, implementation, and development of analysis datasets
    Christopher Jl Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:27. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications153 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Micronutrient fortified milk improves iron status, anemia and growth among children 1-4 years: a double masked, randomized, controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12167. 2010
    ....
  2. pmc Prebiotic and probiotic fortified milk in prevention of morbidities among children: community-based, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12164. 2010
    ....
  3. pmc Pharmacokinetics of high-dose weekly oral vitamin D3 supplementation during the third trimester of pregnancy in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Daniel E Roth
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nutrients 5:788-810. 2013
    ..Further research is required to establish the safety of high-dose vitamin D3 in pregnancy and to determine if supplement-induced [25(OH)D] elevations lead to maternal-infant health benefits...
  4. pmc Pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of vitamin D3 (70,000 IU) in pregnant and non-pregnant women
    Daniel E Roth
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nutr J 11:114. 2012
    ..To inform the design of prenatal vitamin D3 trials, we conducted a pharmacokinetic study of single-dose vitamin D3 supplementation in women of reproductive age...
  5. pmc A common evaluation framework for the African Health Initiative
    Jennifer Bryce
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:S10. 2013
    ..Collaborators in the Initiative developed a common evaluation framework as a basis for this cross-site learning...
  6. doi request reprint Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:427-51. 2013
    ..The high present and future disease burden caused by malnutrition in women of reproductive age, pregnancy, and children in the first 2 years of life should lead to interventions focused on these groups...
  7. pmc Systematic review of diarrhea duration and severity in children and adults in low- and middle-income countries
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:276. 2012
    ..As improvements in treatment lead to decreases in diarrhea mortality, it is important to understand the substantial impact of diarrhea morbidity on disability among children and adults worldwide...
  8. pmc Social autopsy for maternal and child deaths: a comprehensive literature review to examine the concept and the development of the method
    Henry D Kalter
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, 21205, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:45. 2011
    ..Further development of the methodology along with standardized instruments and supporting tools are needed to promote its wide-scale adoption and use...
  9. pmc Trends in causes of death among children under 5 in Bangladesh, 1993-2004: an exercise applying a standardized computer algorithm to assign causes of death using verbal autopsy data
    Li Liu
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:43. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  10. pmc Population Health Metrics Research Consortium gold standard verbal autopsy validation study: design, implementation, and development of analysis datasets
    Christopher Jl Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:27. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  11. pmc Water and sanitation infrastructure for health: The impact of foreign aid
    Marianne J Botting
    Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Global Health 6:12. 2010
    ..The actual impact of this assistance on increasing population access to improved water and sanitation and reducing child mortality has not been examined...
  12. pmc Breastfeeding and the risk for diarrhea morbidity and mortality
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S15. 2011
    ..We estimate the protective effects conferred by varying levels of breastfeeding exposure against diarrhea incidence, diarrhea prevalence, diarrhea mortality, all-cause mortality, and hospitalization for diarrhea illness...
  13. pmc Impact of vitamin A supplementation on infant and childhood mortality
    Aamer Imdad
    Division of Women and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S20. 2011
    ..The purpose of this paper was to get a point estimate of efficacy of vitamin A supplementation in reducing cause specific mortality by using Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) guidelines...
  14. pmc Rotavirus vaccine and diarrhea mortality: quantifying regional variation in effect size
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S16. 2011
    ..Diarrhea mortality remains a leading cause of child death and rotavirus vaccine an effective tool for preventing severe rotavirus diarrhea. New data suggest vaccine efficacy may vary by region...
  15. pmc Preventive zinc supplementation in developing countries: impact on mortality and morbidity due to diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria
    Mohammad Yawar Yakoob
    Division of Women and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S23. 2011
    ....
  16. pmc Effect of case management on neonatal mortality due to sepsis and pneumonia
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S13. 2011
    ..We have estimated the effect of providing oral, or injectable antibiotics at home or in first-level facilities, and of in-patient hospital care on neonatal mortality from pneumonia and sepsis for use in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST)...
  17. doi request reprint Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysis
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:1969-87. 2010
    ..Up-to-date information on the causes of child deaths is crucial to guide global efforts to improve child survival. We report new estimates for 2008 of the major causes of death in children younger than 5 years...
  18. doi request reprint Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:243-60. 2008
  19. ncbi request reprint Zinc deficiency, infectious disease and mortality in the developing world
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 133:1485S-9S. 2003
    ..The important effects of zinc deficiency are now clear, and nutrition programs should address this prevalent problem...
  20. ncbi request reprint Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 361:2226-34. 2003
    ..A better understanding of child health epidemiology could contribute to more effective approaches to saving children's lives...
  21. ncbi request reprint Zinc and childhood infectious disease morbidity and mortality
    R E Black
    Department of International Health, School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Br J Nutr 85:S125-9. 2001
    ..Preventive and therapeutic interventions should be implemented in developing countries where zinc deficiency is likely to be prevalent...
  22. ncbi request reprint Micronutrients in pregnancy
    R E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Br J Nutr 85:S193-7. 2001
    ..Additional research is need on the prevalence of such deficiencies and their consequences and on cost-effective public health interventions for their control...
  23. ncbi request reprint Effect of skin barrier therapy on neonatal mortality rates in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:522-9. 2008
    ..Topical application of emollients that augment skin barrier function was evaluated as a strategy for improving survival rates among hospitalized preterm infants in Bangladesh...
  24. pmc Catch-up growth occurs after diarrhea in early childhood
    Stephanie A Richard
    Program in Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Heath, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
    J Nutr 144:965-71. 2014
    ..Extending diarrhea-free periods may increase the likelihood of catch-up growth and decrease the prevalence of stunting. ..
  25. ncbi request reprint Clean cord care practices and neonatal mortality: evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Praween K Agrawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E 8138, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:755-8. 2012
    ..Infections are among the leading causes of neonatal mortality. Care practices immediately following delivery contribute to newborns' risk of infection and mortality...
  26. ncbi request reprint Effect of zinc supplementation on mortality in children aged 1-48 months: a community-based randomised placebo-controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 369:927-34. 2007
    ..Our aim was to assess the effects of zinc supplementation on overall mortality in children in Pemba, Zanzibar...
  27. pmc Measuring coverage in MNCH: current indicators for measuring coverage of diarrhea treatment interventions and opportunities for improvement
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001385. 2013
    ..Research is also needed to assess the accuracy of the current zinc indicator to determine if caregivers are correctly recalling zinc treatment for current and recent diarrhea episodes...
  28. pmc Effectiveness of home-based management of newborn infections by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:304-10. 2009
    ..Infections account for about half of neonatal deaths in low-resource settings. Limited evidence supports home-based treatment of newborn infections by community health workers (CHW)...
  29. doi request reprint Validation of a clinical algorithm to identify neonates with severe illness during routine household visits in rural Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Arch Dis Child 96:1140-6. 2011
    ..To validate a clinical algorithm for community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  30. pmc Household surveillance of severe neonatal illness by community health workers in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: coverage and compliance with referral
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 25:112-24. 2010
    ..Effective and scalable community-based strategies are needed for identification and management of serious neonatal illness...
  31. ncbi request reprint Iron and zinc supplementation promote motor development and exploratory behavior among Bangladeshi infants
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:903-10. 2004
    ..Iron and zinc deficiency are prevalent during infancy in low-income countries...
  32. pmc Effect of timing of first postnatal care home visit on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh: a observational cohort study
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 339:b2826. 2009
    ..To assess the effect of the timing of first postnatal home visit by community health workers on neonatal mortality...
  33. pmc Impact of an integrated nutrition and health programme on neonatal mortality in rural northern India
    Abdullahh Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 86:796-804, A. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of the newborn health component of a large-scale community-based integrated nutrition and health programme...
  34. ncbi request reprint Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000
    Li Liu
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 379:2151-61. 2012
    ..Information about the distribution of causes of and time trends for child mortality should be periodically updated. We report the latest estimates of causes of child mortality in 2010 with time trends since 2000...
  35. pmc Evaluation of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a package of community-based maternal and newborn interventions in Mirzapur, Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9696. 2010
    ..To evaluate a delivery strategy for newborn interventions in rural Bangladesh...
  36. pmc Operational issues and trends associated with the pilot introduction of zinc for childhood diarrhoea in Bougouni district, Mali
    Peter J Winch
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:151-62. 2008
    ....
  37. pmc Iron supplementation in early childhood: health benefits and risks
    Lora L Iannotti
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1261-76. 2006
    ..More research is needed in populations affected by HIV and tuberculosis. Iron supplementation in preventive programs may need to be targeted through identification of iron-deficient children...
  38. pmc A population-based study of hospital admission incidence rate and bacterial aetiology of acute lower respiratory infections in children aged less than five years in Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Heath, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:179-88. 2007
    ..Future studies should use more sensitive methods and more systematically look for resistance patterns of other pathogens in addition to Hib and Spn...
  39. pmc Wasting is associated with stunting in early childhood
    Stephanie A Richard
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Nutr 142:1291-6. 2012
    ..52, 0.92 cm)]. Children with wasting, highly variable WLZ, or negative changes in WLZ are at a higher risk for linear growth retardation, although instances of wasting may not be the primary cause of stunting in developing countries...
  40. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms among rural Bangladeshi mothers: implications for infant development
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:764-72. 2007
    ....
  41. doi request reprint The Accelerated Child Survival and Development programme in west Africa: a retrospective evaluation
    Jennifer Bryce
    Institute for International Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:572-82. 2010
    ..We undertook a retrospective evaluation of the programme in Benin, Ghana, and Mali...
  42. ncbi request reprint Implementation examined in a health center-delivered, educational intervention that improved infant growth in Trujillo, Peru: successes and challenges
    Rebecca C Robert
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Educ Res 22:318-31. 2007
    ..The information gained from this study will inform future evaluation designs, and lead to the development and implementation of more effective intervention programs for child health...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effects of Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 and prebiotic oligosaccharide added to milk on iron status, anemia, and growth among children 1 to 4 years old
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 51:341-6. 2010
    ..To evaluate the effect of Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 and prebiotic-fortified milk on iron status, anemia, and growth among 1- to 4-year-old children...
  44. pmc Effects of fortified milk on morbidity in young children in north India: community based, randomised, double masked placebo controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 334:140. 2007
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of milk fortified with specific multiple micronutrients on morbidity in children compared with the same milk without fortification...
  45. pmc Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cleansing of the umbilical cord on mortality and omphalitis among newborns of Sylhet, Bangladesh: design of a community-based cluster randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pediatr 9:67. 2009
    ..A previous trial in Nepal indicated that umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine could substantially reduce mortality and omphalitis risk, but policy changes await additional community-based data...
  46. pmc Comparing modelled to measured mortality reductions: applying the Lives Saved Tool to evaluation data from the Accelerated Child Survival Programme in West Africa
    Elizabeth Hazel
    Institute for International Programs, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i32-9. 2010
    ....
  47. pmc Population-based incidence and etiology of community-acquired neonatal bacteremia in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: an observational study
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:906-15. 2009
    ..To devise treatment strategies for neonatal infections, the population-level incidence and antibiotic susceptibility of pathogens must be defined...
  48. pmc Economic evaluation of neonatal care packages in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Sylhet, Bangladesh
    Amnesty E Lefevre
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite E 8139, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore MD 21205, United States of America USA
    Bull World Health Organ 91:736-45. 2013
    ..To evaluate and compare the cost-effectiveness of two strategies for neonatal care in Sylhet division, Bangladesh...
  49. ncbi request reprint Simultaneous weekly supplementation of iron and zinc is associated with lower morbidity due to diarrhea and acute lower respiratory infection in Bangladeshi infants
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 133:4150-7. 2003
    ..Intermittent simultaneous supplementation with iron + zinc seems promising; it will be useful to determine whether higher doses would provide greater benefits...
  50. pmc Nosocomial sepsis risk score for preterm infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 56:82-9. 2010
    ..70, sensitivity of 77.1%, and PPV of 64.9%. Our clinical sepsis score is the first bedside clinical screen exclusively for hospitalized, very premature neonates in a low-resource setting, and warrants external validation...
  51. doi request reprint Can mothers recognize neonatal illness correctly? Comparison of maternal report and assessment by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Y Choi
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 15:743-53. 2010
    ..To validate maternal recognition of neonatal illnesses at home compared to assessment by community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  52. pmc Effect of zinc added to multi-vitamin supplementation containing low-dose vitamin A on plasma retinol level in children--a double-blind randomized, controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room W5517, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:62-6. 2007
    ..Addition of zinc to low-dose vitamin A in this study did not improve the vitamin A status of children and cannot explain morbidity effects of the intervention...
  53. ncbi request reprint Zinc therapy for diarrhoea increased the use of oral rehydration therapy and reduced the use of antibiotics in Bangladeshi children
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:440-2. 2004
    ..In this trial, the availability of zinc supplements, along with ORT and appropriate education programmes, was associated with significantly higher use of ORT and lower use of antibiotics...
  54. pmc Maternal depressive symptoms and infant growth in rural Bangladesh
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:951S-957S. 2009
    ..Depressive disorders are a major source of disability among low-income mothers in developing countries...
  55. doi request reprint Simplified age-weight mortality risk classification for very low birth weight infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Pediatr 153:519-24. 2008
    ..To identify a valid neonatal mortality risk prediction score feasible for use in developing countries...
  56. pmc Multi-country analysis of the effects of diarrhoea on childhood stunting
    William Checkley
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:816-30. 2008
    ..These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that a higher cumulative burden of diarrhoea increases the risk of stunting...
  57. doi request reprint Global burden of childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 381:1405-16. 2013
    ..Morbidity and mortality from childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea are falling, but action is needed globally and at country level to accelerate the reduction...
  58. ncbi request reprint Weekly iron supplementation does not block increases in serum zinc due to weekly zinc supplementation in Bangladeshi infants
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Nutr 135:2187-91. 2005
    ..Joint supplementation did not alter the individual effects of iron or zinc supplementation in these Bangladeshi children. However, the dosing regimen may not have been adequate to achieve the desired biochemical effects...
  59. pmc Validation of community health workers' assessment of neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:12-9. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
    ..We developed an intervention of behaviour change management, with a focus on prevention of hypothermia, aimed at modifying practices and reducing neonatal mortality...
  61. pmc Zinc and low osmolarity oral rehydration salts for diarrhoea: a renewed call to action
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:780-6. 2009
    ..Revitalizing diarrhoea management must become an international priority if we are going to reduce the burden of diarrhoea deaths and overall child mortality around the world...
  62. ncbi request reprint Zinc during and in convalescence from diarrhea has no demonstrable effect on subsequent morbidity and anthropometric status among infants <6 mo of age
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:887-94. 2007
    ..Zinc given for 14 d at the start of diarrhea has been shown to decrease the incidence and prevalence of diarrhea and pneumonia and improve growth in the 2-3 mo after, but no trial has been done in infants <6 mo of age...
  63. ncbi request reprint Effects of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on admission to hospital and mortality in preschool children in a high malaria transmission setting: community-based, randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 367:133-43. 2006
    ..However, there is concern that universal supplementation of children with iron and folic acid in areas of high malaria transmission might be harmful...
  64. pmc Impact of micronutrient fortification of yoghurt on micronutrient status markers and growth - a randomized double blind controlled trial among school children in Bangladesh
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:514. 2013
    ..We evaluated the effect of micronutrient-fortified yoghurt on the biochemical status of important micronutrients (iron, zinc, iodine, vitamin A) as well as growth indicators among school children in Bogra district of Bangladesh...
  65. pmc Community-based validation of assessment of newborn illnesses by trained community health workers in Sylhet district of Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1448-56. 2009
    ..To validate trained community health workers' recognition of signs and symptoms of newborn illnesses and classification of illnesses using a clinical algorithm during routine home visits in rural Bangladesh...
  66. pmc Diarrhea incidence in low- and middle-income countries in 1990 and 2010: a systematic review
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:220. 2012
    ..We conducted a systematic literature review to identify cohort studies that sought to quantify diarrhea incidence among any age group of children 0-59 mo of age...
  67. pmc Acute lower respiratory infections in childhood: opportunities for reducing the global burden through nutritional interventions
    Daniel E Roth
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 86:356-64. 2008
    ..At present, a reduction in the burden of ALRI can be expected from the continued promotion of breastfeeding and scale-up of zinc supplementation or fortification strategies in target populations...
  68. doi request reprint Utilization and perceptions of neonatal healthcare providers in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:487-94. 2011
    ..To describe the utilization and perceptions of existing neonatal health services in rural Uttar Pradesh, India...
  69. ncbi request reprint Zinc and iron supplementation and malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infections in children in the Peruvian Amazon
    Stephanie A Richard
    Center for Human Nutrition, and Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:126-32. 2006
    ..vivax malaria-endemic areas, although local endemicity and species-specific prevalence should be considered carefully when designing any supplementation program involving iron in a malaria-endemic area...
  70. pmc Directing diarrhoeal disease research towards disease-burden reduction
    Margaret Kosek
    Department of International Health, Joins Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:319-31. 2009
    ....
  71. pmc Determining gestational age in a low-resource setting: validity of last menstrual period
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:332-8. 2009
    ..Additional prospective trials are warranted to examine LMP against antenatal ultrasound for primary assessment of neonatal gestational age in other low-resource settings...
  72. ncbi request reprint Effect of water and sanitation on childhood health in a poor Peruvian peri-urban community
    William Checkley
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 363:112-8. 2004
    ..Inadequate water and sanitation adversely affect the health of children in developing countries. We aimed to assess the effects of water and sanitation on childhood health in a birth cohort of Peruvian children...
  73. ncbi request reprint Undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and measles
    Laura E Caulfield
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:193-8. 2004
    ..Previous analyses derived the relative risk (RR) of dying as a result of low weight-for-age and calculated the proportion of child deaths worldwide attributable to underweight...
  74. ncbi request reprint Micronutrients and diarrheal disease
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S73-7. 2007
    ..Folic acid supplementation does not appear to be effective in the prevention or treatment of diarrheal disease...
  75. ncbi request reprint Infection control practices reduce nosocomial infections and mortality in preterm infants in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 25:331-5. 2005
    ..In the initial months of the study, the infection and mortality rates were noted to be unacceptably high. Therefore, an infection control program was introduced early in the trial to reduce the rate of nosocomial infections...
  76. doi request reprint Early-onset neonatal sepsis in Dhaka, Bangladesh: risk associated with maternal bacterial colonisation and chorioamnionitis
    Grace J Chan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1057-64. 2013
    ..To estimate the risk of early-onset neonatal sepsis among newborns of mothers with chorioamnionitis and/or bacterial colonisation in Dhaka...
  77. pmc Effect of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on preschool child mortality in southern Nepal: community-based, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Center for Human Nutrition and the Sight and Life Institute, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 367:144-52. 2006
    ..Supplementation with iron and folic acid alleviates severe anaemia and enhances neurodevelopment in deficient populations, but little is known about the risks of mortality and morbidity associated with supplementation...
  78. ncbi request reprint Zinc supplementation for the prevention of acute lower respiratory infection in children in developing countries: meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized trials
    Daniel E Roth
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:795-808. 2010
    ..Routine zinc supplementation is a potential intervention for the prevention of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in developing countries. However, discrepant findings from recent randomized trials remain unexplained...
  79. pmc Does age affect the response to zinc therapy for diarrhoea in Bangladeshi infants?
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room E5543, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:105-9. 2008
    ..Additional research is needed to better understand the effect of zinc for the treatment of diarrhoea among infants aged less than six months...
  80. pmc Medical conditions among Iraqi refugees in Jordan: data from the United Nations Refugee Assistance Information System
    Farrah J Mateen
    Department of Neurology, Room 627 Pathology Building, Johns Hopkins Hospital, The Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 90:444-51. 2012
    ..To determine the range and burden of health services utilization among Iraqi refugees receiving health assistance in Jordan, a country of first asylum...
  81. pmc Levels, timing, and etiology of stillbirths in Sylhet district of Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:25. 2011
    ..Our study objective was to estimate the levels, types, and causes of stillbirth in rural Sylhet district of Bangladesh...
  82. doi request reprint Effect of early exclusive breastfeeding on morbidity among infants born to HIV-negative mothers in Zimbabwe
    Ai Koyanagi
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1375-82. 2009
    ..No studies conducted in Africa have reported any benefits of EBF for infants born to HIV-negative women...
  83. ncbi request reprint Effect of topical treatment with skin barrier-enhancing emollients on nosocomial infections in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomised controlled trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 365:1039-45. 2005
    ..Our aim was to ascertain whether topical application of emollients to enhance skin barrier function would prevent nosocomial infections in this population...
  84. ncbi request reprint Undernutrition as an underlying cause of malaria morbidity and mortality in children less than five years old
    Laura E Caulfield
    Center for Human Nutrition, and Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:55-63. 2004
    ..It is recommended that nutrition programs be integrated into existing malaria intervention programs...
  85. ncbi request reprint Functional indicators for assessing zinc deficiency
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S454-79. 2007
    ..Previous recommendations suggest that stunting rates at or above 20% should be indicative of zinc deficiency among children under 5 years of age. This review provides additional data and analysis to support the current recommendation...
  86. ncbi request reprint NGO facilitation of a government community-based maternal and neonatal health programme in rural India: improvements in equity
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite E 8138, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:234-43. 2008
    ..Programmes need to identify and address barriers to universal coverage and care utilization, particularly in the poorest segments of the population...
  87. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of Haemophilus influenzae type B conjugate vaccine on prevention of pneumonia and meningitis in Bangladeshi children: a case-control study
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:565-71. 2007
    ..Few Asian countries have introduced Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine because of its cost and uncertainty regarding disease burden...
  88. doi request reprint Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
    ..Therefore the project for advancing the health of newborns and mothers (Projahnmo) implemented a community-based intervention package through government and non-government organisation infrastructures to reduce neonatal mortality...
  89. doi request reprint Estimating the distribution of causes of death among children age 1-59 months in high-mortality countries with incomplete death certification
    Hope L Johnson
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1103-14. 2010
    ..Our objective was to develop a methodology to estimate causes of death among children age 1-59 months in high child mortality countries without adequate vital registration (VR) systems...
  90. ncbi request reprint Interactive effects of iron and zinc on biochemical and functional outcomes in supplementation trials
    Christa Fischer Walker
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:5-12. 2005
    ..Further research is needed before health policies on joint supplementation programs can be established...
  91. ncbi request reprint Prescription and administration of a 14-day regimen of zinc treatment for childhood diarrhea in Mali
    Peter J Winch
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:880-3. 2006
    ..The levels of correct administration were very good but might be lower under non-research conditions...
  92. ncbi request reprint Norovirus highly prevalent cause of endemic acute diarrhea in children in the peruvian Amazon
    Pablo Peñataro Yori
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:844-7. 2009
    ..8% per month (OR = 0.97, 95% CI: 0.95-0.99). Norovirus seems to be an important etiology of community acquired diarrhea in this study population...
  93. doi request reprint Supplementing iron and zinc: double blind, randomized evaluation of separate or combined delivery
    S Chang
    Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:153-60. 2010
    ..The optimal delivery approach would maximize clinical benefits of both nutrients. We studied the effectiveness of different iron and zinc supplement delivery approaches to improve diarrhea and anemia in a rural Bangladesh population...
  94. ncbi request reprint Zinc supplementation for the treatment of diarrhea in infants in Pakistan, India and Ethiopia
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 43:357-63. 2006
    ..This randomized, placebo controlled trial was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of 10-mg zinc supplementation for the treatment of acute diarrhea in infants...
  95. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of a child nutrition education programme in Peru
    Hugh R Waters
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 21:257-64. 2006
    ..12 US dollars per child reached and 55.16 US dollars per case of stunting prevented. The estimated marginal cost of the intervention per death averted is 1952 US dollars...
  96. ncbi request reprint Effects of nutritional status on diarrhea in Peruvian children
    William Checkley
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Pediatr 140:210-8. 2002
    ..We conducted a 4-year (1995-1998) field study in a Peruvian peri-urban community (pueblo joven) to examine the relation between diarrhea and nutritional status in 230 children <3 years of age...
  97. pmc Scaling up diarrhea prevention and treatment interventions: a Lives Saved Tool analysis
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1000428. 2011
    ..Although the evidence for individual diarrhea prevention and treatment interventions is solid, the effect a comprehensive scale-up effort would have on diarrhea mortality has not been estimated...
  98. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of probiotics in prevention of acute diarrhoea: a meta-analysis of masked, randomised, placebo-controlled trials
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:374-82. 2006
    ..The effect on acute diarrhoea is dependent on the age of the host and genera of strain used...
  99. ncbi request reprint Research priorities for the reduction of perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing country communities
    William Moss
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Perinatol 22:484-95. 2002
    ....