Stefan Baral

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Vaccine immunogenicity in injecting drug users: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:667-74. 2007
  2. pmc "There is hunger in my community": a qualitative study of food security as a cyclical force in sex work in Swaziland
    Rebecca Fielding-Miller
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, USA
    BMC Public Health 14:79. 2014
  3. pmc A qualitative assessment of health seeking practices among and provision practices for men who have sex with men in Malawi
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Room E7144, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 14:20. 2014
  4. pmc HIV prevalence and factors associated with HIV infection among men who have sex with men in Cameroon
    Ju Nyeong Park
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18752. 2013
  5. pmc A pilot cohort study to assess the feasibility of HIV prevention science research among men who have sex with men in Dakar, Senegal
    Fatou Maria Drame
    Université Gaston Berger Enda Santé, Dakar, Senegal
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18753. 2013
  6. pmc Sexual stigma and discrimination as barriers to seeking appropriate healthcare among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Kathryn Risher
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18715. 2013
  7. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of the burden of HIV and associated individual- and structural-level characteristics among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Stefan D Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18768. 2013
  8. doi request reprint HIV among female sex workers in the Central Asian Republics, Afghanistan, and Mongolia: contexts and convergence with drug use
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite E7146, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:S13-6. 2013
  9. pmc Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:482. 2013
  10. pmc The potential uses of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:563-8. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi request reprint Vaccine immunogenicity in injecting drug users: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:667-74. 2007
    ....
  2. pmc "There is hunger in my community": a qualitative study of food security as a cyclical force in sex work in Swaziland
    Rebecca Fielding-Miller
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, USA
    BMC Public Health 14:79. 2014
    ..Sex workers in Swaziland are a population that is most at risk of HIV. Little is known about the context and needs of sex workers in Swaziland who are living with HIV, nor how food insecurity may affect these needs...
  3. pmc A qualitative assessment of health seeking practices among and provision practices for men who have sex with men in Malawi
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Room E7144, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 14:20. 2014
    ....
  4. pmc HIV prevalence and factors associated with HIV infection among men who have sex with men in Cameroon
    Ju Nyeong Park
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18752. 2013
    ..We measured HIV and syphilis prevalence and the factors associated with HIV infection among MSM in Cameroon...
  5. pmc A pilot cohort study to assess the feasibility of HIV prevention science research among men who have sex with men in Dakar, Senegal
    Fatou Maria Drame
    Université Gaston Berger Enda Santé, Dakar, Senegal
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18753. 2013
    ..To date, there is a limited understanding of the feasibility of prospective HIV prevention studies among MSM in Senegal, including HIV incidence and cohort retention rates...
  6. pmc Sexual stigma and discrimination as barriers to seeking appropriate healthcare among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Kathryn Risher
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18715. 2013
    ..This study aimed to assess the relationship of fear of seeking healthcare and disclosure of same-sex practices among a sample of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Swaziland with demographic, socio-economic and behavioural determinants...
  7. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of the burden of HIV and associated individual- and structural-level characteristics among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Stefan D Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18768. 2013
    ..To date, there are no data characterizing the burden of HIV and the HIV prevention, treatment and care needs of MSM in Swaziland...
  8. doi request reprint HIV among female sex workers in the Central Asian Republics, Afghanistan, and Mongolia: contexts and convergence with drug use
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite E7146, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:S13-6. 2013
    ..Across Central Asia, sexual risks have become conflated with risks associated with injection and non-injection illicit drug use...
  9. pmc Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:482. 2013
    ..Prevention sciences research and programming aiming to decrease HIV incidence requires epidemiologic studies to collect data on multiple levels of risk to inform combination HIV prevention packages...
  10. pmc The potential uses of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:563-8. 2012
    ..An efficacy trial of daily oral tenofovir among people who inject drugs (IDU) is underway in Thailand...
  11. doi request reprint Rewriting the narrative of the epidemiology of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    SAHARA J 9:127-30. 2012
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:214-22. 2013
    ..However, little is known about the burden of HIV infection in transgender women worldwide. We aimed to better assess the relative HIV burden in all transgender women worldwide...
  13. pmc The highest attainable standard of evidence (HASTE) for HIV/AIDS interventions: toward a public health approach to defining evidence
    Stefan D Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 127:572-84. 2012
    ..We developed a novel system of evaluating evidence for assessing HIV preventive interventions termed the Highest Attainable Standard of Evidence (HASTE)...
  14. doi request reprint Burden of HIV among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:538-49. 2012
    ..However, three decades into the HIV pandemic, understanding of the burden of HIV among these women remains limited. We aimed to assess the burden of HIV in this population compared with that of other women of reproductive age...
  15. pmc HIV risk and associations of HIV infection among men who have sex with men in peri-urban Cape Town, South Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:766. 2011
    ..The study presented here represents the first evaluation of HIV prevalence and associations of HIV infection among MSM in the peri-urban townships of Cape Town...
  16. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of population demographics, HIV risks and human rights contexts among men who have sex with men in Lesotho
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:36. 2011
    ..Evidence is increasing of high HIV risks among southern African men who have sex with men (MSM). This represents the first study of HIV risks and human rights contexts among MSM in Lesotho...
  17. pmc HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4997. 2009
    ..Epidemiologic data for MSM in southern Africa are among the sparsest globally, and HIV risk among these men has yet to be characterized in the majority of countries...
  18. doi request reprint A cross-sectional evaluation of the prevalence and associations of HIV among female sex workers in the Gambia
    Sarah Peitzmeier
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 25:244-52. 2014
    ..In addition, service providers should consider non-paying partners of female sex workers, improve knowledge and availability of condoms and lubricant, and address safety and mental health needs...
  19. doi request reprint Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, E7146, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:323-7. 2010
    ..The sexual behaviour of men who have sex with men (MSM) in southern Africa has been little studied. We present here the first data on bisexual partnerships and bisexual concurrency among MSM in Malawi, Namibia and Botswana...
  20. doi request reprint Risks for HIV infection among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:874-9. 2012
    ..HIV prevention efforts need to specifically focus on urban MSM in Russia, encourage testing, and target injection risks to address this epidemic...
  21. doi request reprint Sexual violence, condom negotiation, and condom use in the context of sex work: results from two West African countries
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Arc en ciel, Lome, Togo FAMME, Kara, Togo Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé IRSS, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Programme d Appui au Monde Associatif et Communautaire PAMAC, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Conseil National de Lutte contre le SIDA et les IST, Lome, Togo
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S171-9. 2015
    ..These analyses sought to determine the relationship between lifetime sexual violence with unprotected, condomless vaginal intercourse (UVI) among FSWs in West Africa...
  22. doi request reprint Sexual violence against female sex workers in The Gambia: a cross-sectional examination of the associations between victimization and reproductive, sexual and mental health
    Jennifer A Sherwood
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St 5041, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 15:270. 2015
    ....
  23. doi request reprint A cross-sectional analysis of population demographics, HIV knowledge and risk behaviors, and prevalence and associations of HIV among men who have sex with men in the Gambia
    Krystal Mason
    1 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Baltimore, Maryland
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 29:1547-52. 2013
    ..Multilateral efforts including government, service providers, and community are needed to achieve reductions in HIV incidence and eventually prevalence among MSM in the Gambia...
  24. doi request reprint Assessing priorities for combination HIV prevention research for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:S60-9. 2013
    ..This consultation resulted in the first combination HIV prevention research agenda for MSM in Africa. Outcomes will inform future research and be used to advocate for combination approaches to HIV prevention for MSM...
  25. pmc Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e339. 2007
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Epidemiologic links between drug use and HIV epidemics: an international perspective
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, The Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S10-6. 2010
    ..The dearth of targeted, evidence-and human rights-based responses to these epidemics is explored as a structural driver of HIV spread in these settings...
  27. pmc Reconceptualizing the HIV epidemiology and prevention needs of Female Sex Workers (FSW) in Swaziland
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e115465. 2014
    ..The burden of HIV and prevention needs among FSW remains unstudied in Swaziland...
  28. pmc Epidemic impacts of a community empowerment intervention for HIV prevention among female sex workers in generalized and concentrated epidemics
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e88047. 2014
    ..Mathematical modeling exercises provide theoretical insight into potential impacts of the intervention on HIV incidence and burden in settings where interventions have not yet been implemented...
  29. doi request reprint Sexual practices, identities and health among women who have sex with women in Lesotho - a mixed-methods study
    Tonia Poteat
    a Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Cult Health Sex 16:120-35. 2014
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Associations of consistent condom use among men who have sex with men in Abuja, Nigeria
    Susanne Strömdahl
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:1756-62. 2012
    ..In addition, implementation science evaluations of how best to operationalize combination HIV prevention interventions for MSM given the criminalization and stigmatization of same-sex practices are crucial...
  31. doi request reprint Structural determinants of health among women who started selling sex as minors in Burkina Faso
    Ashley L Grosso
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD Institut de Recherche en Sciences en Sciences de la Santé IRSS, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Programme d Appui au Monde Associatif et Communautaire PAMAC, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S162-70. 2015
    ..To explore the prevalence of and factors associated with initiation of selling sex as a minor...
  32. doi request reprint Violence against female sex workers in Cameroon: accounts of violence, harm reduction, and potential solutions
    Sahnah Lim
    Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Global Viral Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon Comité national de lutte contre le sida CNLS, Ministère de la Santé Publique MINSANTE, Yaounde, Cameroon Cameroon Medical Women Association, Bamenda, Cameroon and Department of Epidemiology and Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S241-7. 2015
    ..The aim of this study was to qualitatively document violence and harm reduction strategies from the perspective of FSWs in Cameroon as well as to understand how experiences of violence may increase FSWs' HIV risk...
  33. doi request reprint Mothers who sell sex: a potential paradigm for integrated HIV, sexual, and reproductive health interventions among women at high risk of HIV in Burkina Faso
    Erin Papworth
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Programme d Appui au Monde Associatif Communautaire de Lutte Contre le VIH SIDA PAMAC, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé IRSS, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso Enda Santé, Dakar, Senegal and Section de Géographie dans l Unité de Formation et de Recherche UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université Gaston Berger, Saint Louis, Senegal
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S154-61. 2015
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the determinants of motherhood among FSWs, their sexual risks, and their engagement in health care...
  34. doi request reprint Enhancing benefits or increasing harms: community responses for HIV among men who have sex with men, transgender women, female sex workers, and people who inject drugs
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 66:S319-28. 2014
    ..Failure to do so will cost lives, harm communities, and undermine the gains of the HIV response...
  35. pmc Social cohesion, social participation, and HIV related risk among female sex workers in Swaziland
    Virginia A Fonner
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e87527. 2014
    ..Social- and structural-level interventions focused on building social cohesion and social participation among sex workers could provide significant protection from HIV infection for female sex workers in Swaziland...
  36. doi request reprint A cross-sectional evaluation of correlates of HIV testing practices among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mongolia
    Faiza Yasin
    The Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E 7146, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1378-85. 2013
    ..Understanding the variable sexual risk practices and barriers to HIV testing are vital to designing effective and relevant HIV-status dependent HIV intervention services...
  37. pmc Expanding the space: inclusion of most-at-risk populations in HIV prevention, treatment, and care services
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 57:S96-9. 2011
    ..Both public health and human rights frameworks concur that those at greatest risk should have expanded access to services...
  38. doi request reprint An urgent need for integration of family planning services into HIV care: the high burden of unplanned pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, and limited contraception use among female sex workers in Côte d'Ivoire
    SHEREE SCHWARTZ
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Programme National de Lutte Contre le SIDA, Ministere de la Lutte Contre Le SIDA, Abidjan, Côte d Ivoire Enda Santé, Dakar, Senegal Gaston Berger University, Department of Geography, School of Social Sciences, St Louis, Senegal and Blety, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S91-8. 2015
    ..HIV infection and unintended pregnancy are occupational risks of commercial female sex work (FSW). The burden of unintended pregnancy among FSW including maternal and infant outcomes in the context of HIV is largely unknown...
  39. doi request reprint Systematic review and meta-analysis of HIV prevalence among men in militaries in low income and middle income countries
    Jennifer Lloyd
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 90:382-7. 2014
    ..To determine whether the current HIV prevalence in militaries of low-income and middle-income countries is higher, the same, or lower than the HIV prevalence in the adult male population of those countries...
  40. pmc Safer Conception Needs for HIV Prevention among Female Sex Workers in Burkina Faso and Togo
    Sheree R Schwartz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E7138, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2014:296245. 2014
    ..Programs to facilitate earlier HIV diagnosis for FSW and safer conception counseling are needed as components of effective combination HIV prevention services. ..
  41. pmc HIV risk among MSM in Senegal: a qualitative rapid assessment of the impact of enforcing laws that criminalize same sex practices
    Tonia Poteat
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28760. 2011
    ..Those who continued to provide services noticed a sharp decline in MSM participation. An effective response to the HIV epidemic in Senegal should include active work to decrease enforcement of this law...
  42. pmc Risk factors for HIV and unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Almaty, Kazakhstan
    Mark Berry
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e43071. 2012
    ..Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV infection. MSM in Central Asia, however, are not adequately studied to assess their risk of HIV transmission...
  43. pmc The feasibility of HIV vaccine efficacy trials among Russian injection drug users
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Vaccine 25:7014-6. 2007
    ....
  44. doi request reprint Countries where HIV is concentrated among most-at-risk populations get disproportionally lower funding from PEPFAR
    Ashley L Grosso
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:1519-28. 2012
    ..Otherwise, it is unlikely that PEPFAR will realize its established goal of achieving an AIDS-free generation...
  45. doi request reprint Key harm reduction interventions and their impact on the reduction of risky behavior and HIV incidence among people who inject drugs in low-income and middle-income countries
    Arin Dutta
    Futures Group International, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:362-8. 2012
    ..This article reviews the evidence for the benefits of scaling up key interventions as a combination prevention and treatment package for PWID...
  46. pmc Male sex workers in Moscow, Russia: a pilot study of demographics, substance use patterns, and prevalence of HIV-1 and sexually transmitted infections
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 22:112-8. 2010
    ..MSW in Moscow may be an important at-risk population in the Russian HIV epidemic and further research is urgently required to address their needs and explore prevention strategies...
  47. doi request reprint Antiretroviral treatment coverage for men who have sex with men and female sex workers living with HIV in Cameroon
    Claire E Holland
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Central Technical Group, National AIDS Control Committee, Ministry of Public Health, Yaounde, Cameroon Global Viral Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon Humanity First, Yaounde, Cameroon Alternatives Cameroun, Douala, Cameroon Cameroon Medical Women s Association, Bamenda, Cameroon and CARE Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S232-40. 2015
    ....
  48. doi request reprint Uptake of treatment as prevention for HIV and continuum of care among HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Nigeria
    MAN E CHARURAT
    Division of Epidemiology and Prevention, Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria US Military HIV Research Program, Silver Spring, MD International Centre for Advocacy on Rights to Health, Abuja, Nigeria and Johns Hopkins University, Center for Human Rights, Baltimore, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:S114-23. 2015
    ..We report findings on acceptability of a treatment as prevention (TasP) strategy among HIV-infected MSM at a Trusted Community Center providing comprehensive HIV prevention and treatment services to MSM in Abuja, Nigeria...
  49. pmc Correlates of prior HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis
    Ju Nyeong Park
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Public Health 14:1220. 2014
    ..Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a key population for HIV prevention, treatment, and care efforts globally. This study measures the factors associated with prior HIV testing among MSM in Cameroon...