Stefan Baral

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Vaccine immunogenicity in injecting drug users: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:667-74. 2007
  2. pmc HIV prevalence and factors associated with HIV infection among men who have sex with men in Cameroon
    Ju Nyeong Park
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18752. 2013
  3. pmc A pilot cohort study to assess the feasibility of HIV prevention science research among men who have sex with men in Dakar, Senegal
    Fatou Maria Drame
    Université Gaston Berger Enda Santé, Dakar, Senegal
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18753. 2013
  4. pmc Sexual stigma and discrimination as barriers to seeking appropriate healthcare among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Kathryn Risher
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18715. 2013
  5. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of the burden of HIV and associated individual- and structural-level characteristics among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Stefan D Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18768. 2013
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV among female sex workers in the Central Asian Republics, Afghanistan, and Mongolia: contexts and convergence with drug use
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite E7146, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:S13-6. 2013
  7. pmc Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:482. 2013
  8. pmc The potential uses of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:563-8. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:214-22. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Rewriting the narrative of the epidemiology of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    SAHARA J 9:127-30. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint Vaccine immunogenicity in injecting drug users: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:667-74. 2007
    ....
  2. pmc HIV prevalence and factors associated with HIV infection among men who have sex with men in Cameroon
    Ju Nyeong Park
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18752. 2013
    ..We measured HIV and syphilis prevalence and the factors associated with HIV infection among MSM in Cameroon...
  3. pmc A pilot cohort study to assess the feasibility of HIV prevention science research among men who have sex with men in Dakar, Senegal
    Fatou Maria Drame
    Université Gaston Berger Enda Santé, Dakar, Senegal
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18753. 2013
    ..To date, there is a limited understanding of the feasibility of prospective HIV prevention studies among MSM in Senegal, including HIV incidence and cohort retention rates...
  4. pmc Sexual stigma and discrimination as barriers to seeking appropriate healthcare among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Kathryn Risher
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18715. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of the burden of HIV and associated individual- and structural-level characteristics among men who have sex with men in Swaziland
    Stefan D Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18768. 2013
    ..To date, there are no data characterizing the burden of HIV and the HIV prevention, treatment and care needs of MSM in Swaziland...
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV among female sex workers in the Central Asian Republics, Afghanistan, and Mongolia: contexts and convergence with drug use
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite E7146, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:S13-6. 2013
    ..Across Central Asia, sexual risks have become conflated with risks associated with injection and non-injection illicit drug use...
  7. pmc Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:482. 2013
    ..Prevention sciences research and programming aiming to decrease HIV incidence requires epidemiologic studies to collect data on multiple levels of risk to inform combination HIV prevention packages...
  8. pmc The potential uses of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:563-8. 2012
    ..An efficacy trial of daily oral tenofovir among people who inject drugs (IDU) is underway in Thailand...
  9. ncbi request reprint Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:214-22. 2013
    ..However, little is known about the burden of HIV infection in transgender women worldwide. We aimed to better assess the relative HIV burden in all transgender women worldwide...
  10. doi request reprint Rewriting the narrative of the epidemiology of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    SAHARA J 9:127-30. 2012
    ....
  11. pmc The highest attainable standard of evidence (HASTE) for HIV/AIDS interventions: toward a public health approach to defining evidence
    Stefan D Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 127:572-84. 2012
    ..We developed a novel system of evaluating evidence for assessing HIV preventive interventions termed the Highest Attainable Standard of Evidence (HASTE)...
  12. doi request reprint Burden of HIV among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:538-49. 2012
    ..However, three decades into the HIV pandemic, understanding of the burden of HIV among these women remains limited. We aimed to assess the burden of HIV in this population compared with that of other women of reproductive age...
  13. pmc HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4997. 2009
    ..Epidemiologic data for MSM in southern Africa are among the sparsest globally, and HIV risk among these men has yet to be characterized in the majority of countries...
  14. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of population demographics, HIV risks and human rights contexts among men who have sex with men in Lesotho
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:36. 2011
    ..Evidence is increasing of high HIV risks among southern African men who have sex with men (MSM). This represents the first study of HIV risks and human rights contexts among MSM in Lesotho...
  15. pmc HIV risk and associations of HIV infection among men who have sex with men in peri-urban Cape Town, South Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:766. 2011
    ..The study presented here represents the first evaluation of HIV prevalence and associations of HIV infection among MSM in the peri-urban townships of Cape Town...
  16. ncbi request reprint A cross-sectional evaluation of the prevalence and associations of HIV among female sex workers in the Gambia
    Sarah Peitzmeier
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 25:244-52. 2014
    ..In addition, service providers should consider non-paying partners of female sex workers, improve knowledge and availability of condoms and lubricant, and address safety and mental health needs...
  17. ncbi request reprint Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, E7146, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:323-7. 2010
    ..The sexual behaviour of men who have sex with men (MSM) in southern Africa has been little studied. We present here the first data on bisexual partnerships and bisexual concurrency among MSM in Malawi, Namibia and Botswana...
  18. doi request reprint Risks for HIV infection among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:874-9. 2012
    ..HIV prevention efforts need to specifically focus on urban MSM in Russia, encourage testing, and target injection risks to address this epidemic...
  19. ncbi request reprint A cross-sectional analysis of population demographics, HIV knowledge and risk behaviors, and prevalence and associations of HIV among men who have sex with men in the Gambia
    Krystal Mason
    1 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Baltimore, Maryland
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 29:1547-52. 2013
    ..Multilateral efforts including government, service providers, and community are needed to achieve reductions in HIV incidence and eventually prevalence among MSM in the Gambia...
  20. doi request reprint Assessing priorities for combination HIV prevention research for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:S60-9. 2013
    ..This consultation resulted in the first combination HIV prevention research agenda for MSM in Africa. Outcomes will inform future research and be used to advocate for combination approaches to HIV prevention for MSM...
  21. pmc Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e339. 2007
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Epidemiologic links between drug use and HIV epidemics: an international perspective
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, The Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S10-6. 2010
    ..The dearth of targeted, evidence-and human rights-based responses to these epidemics is explored as a structural driver of HIV spread in these settings...
  23. pmc Epidemic impacts of a community empowerment intervention for HIV prevention among female sex workers in generalized and concentrated epidemics
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e88047. 2014
    ..Mathematical modeling exercises provide theoretical insight into potential impacts of the intervention on HIV incidence and burden in settings where interventions have not yet been implemented...
  24. doi request reprint Sexual practices, identities and health among women who have sex with women in Lesotho - a mixed-methods study
    Tonia Poteat
    a Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Cult Health Sex 16:120-35. 2014
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Associations of consistent condom use among men who have sex with men in Abuja, Nigeria
    Susanne Strömdahl
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:1756-62. 2012
    ..In addition, implementation science evaluations of how best to operationalize combination HIV prevention interventions for MSM given the criminalization and stigmatization of same-sex practices are crucial...
  26. ncbi request reprint Enhancing Benefits or Increasing Harms: Community Responses for HIV Among Men Who Have Sex With Men, Transgender Women, Female Sex Workers, and People Who Inject Drugs
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 66:S319-28. 2014
    ..Failure to do so will cost lives, harm communities, and undermine the gains of the HIV response. ..
  27. pmc Social cohesion, social participation, and HIV related risk among female sex workers in Swaziland
    Virginia A Fonner
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e87527. 2014
    ..Social- and structural-level interventions focused on building social cohesion and social participation among sex workers could provide significant protection from HIV infection for female sex workers in Swaziland...
  28. doi request reprint A cross-sectional evaluation of correlates of HIV testing practices among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mongolia
    Faiza Yasin
    The Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E 7146, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1378-85. 2013
    ..Understanding the variable sexual risk practices and barriers to HIV testing are vital to designing effective and relevant HIV-status dependent HIV intervention services...
  29. pmc Expanding the space: inclusion of most-at-risk populations in HIV prevention, treatment, and care services
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 57:S96-9. 2011
    ..Both public health and human rights frameworks concur that those at greatest risk should have expanded access to services...
  30. pmc HIV risk among MSM in Senegal: a qualitative rapid assessment of the impact of enforcing laws that criminalize same sex practices
    Tonia Poteat
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28760. 2011
    ..Those who continued to provide services noticed a sharp decline in MSM participation. An effective response to the HIV epidemic in Senegal should include active work to decrease enforcement of this law...
  31. pmc Risk factors for HIV and unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Almaty, Kazakhstan
    Mark Berry
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e43071. 2012
    ..Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between HIV and selected risk factors, and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and selected risk factors...
  32. pmc The feasibility of HIV vaccine efficacy trials among Russian injection drug users
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Vaccine 25:7014-6. 2007
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Countries where HIV is concentrated among most-at-risk populations get disproportionally lower funding from PEPFAR
    Ashley L Grosso
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:1519-28. 2012
    ..Otherwise, it is unlikely that PEPFAR will realize its established goal of achieving an AIDS-free generation...
  34. doi request reprint Key harm reduction interventions and their impact on the reduction of risky behavior and HIV incidence among people who inject drugs in low-income and middle-income countries
    Arin Dutta
    Futures Group International, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:362-8. 2012
    ..This article reviews the evidence for the benefits of scaling up key interventions as a combination prevention and treatment package for PWID...
  35. doi request reprint Male sex workers in Moscow, Russia: a pilot study of demographics, substance use patterns, and prevalence of HIV-1 and sexually transmitted infections
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 22:112-8. 2010
    ..MSW in Moscow may be an important at-risk population in the Russian HIV epidemic and further research is urgently required to address their needs and explore prevention strategies...