M Gerrard

Summary

Affiliation: Iowa State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Relation between perceived vulnerability to HIV and precautionary sexual behavior
    M Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Bull 119:390-409. 1996
  2. ncbi request reprint A theory-based dual-focus alcohol intervention for preadolescents: the Strong African American Families Program
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:185-95. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Smoking cessation: social comparison level predicts success for adult smokers
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Health Psychol 24:623-9. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Images of smokers and willingness to smoke among African American pre-adolescents: an application of the prototype/willingness model of adolescent health risk behavior to smoking initiation
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 30:305-18. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Inhibitory effects of drinker and nondrinker prototypes on adolescent alcohol consumption
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Health Psychol 21:601-9. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of the reciprocal nature of risk behaviors and cognitions in adolescents: what you do shapes what you think, and vice versa
    M Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Health Psychol 15:344-54. 1996
  7. ncbi request reprint Self-esteem and the relation between risk behavior and perceptions of vulnerability to unplanned pregnancy in college women
    G E Smith
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, USA
    Health Psychol 16:137-46. 1997
  8. ncbi request reprint Reasoned action and social reaction: willingness and intention as independent predictors of health risk
    F X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1164-80. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint The impact of parenting on risk cognitions and risk behavior: a study of mediation and moderation in a panel of African American adolescents
    Michael J Cleveland
    Iowa State University, USA
    Child Dev 76:900-16. 2005
  10. pmc From willingness to intention: experience moderates the shift from reactive to reasoned behavior
    Elizabeth A Pomery
    Iowa State University, IA, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:894-908. 2009

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. ncbi request reprint Relation between perceived vulnerability to HIV and precautionary sexual behavior
    M Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Bull 119:390-409. 1996
    ..In addition, it examines the conceptual and methodological strengths and weaknesses of the empirical literature on these questions and provides recommendations for future research...
  2. ncbi request reprint A theory-based dual-focus alcohol intervention for preadolescents: the Strong African American Families Program
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:185-95. 2006
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Smoking cessation: social comparison level predicts success for adult smokers
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Health Psychol 24:623-9. 2005
    ..Implications of these findings for cessation groups and social comparison theory are discussed...
  4. ncbi request reprint Images of smokers and willingness to smoke among African American pre-adolescents: an application of the prototype/willingness model of adolescent health risk behavior to smoking initiation
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 30:305-18. 2005
    ..This study used the prototype/willingness model of adolescent health risk behavior to examine factors related to onset of smoking...
  5. ncbi request reprint Inhibitory effects of drinker and nondrinker prototypes on adolescent alcohol consumption
    Meg Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Health Psychol 21:601-9. 2002
    ..In contrast, nondrinker images do appear to represent goal states for adolescents who abstain from drinking. Implications for intervention are discussed...
  6. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of the reciprocal nature of risk behaviors and cognitions in adolescents: what you do shapes what you think, and vice versa
    M Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Health Psychol 15:344-54. 1996
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Self-esteem and the relation between risk behavior and perceptions of vulnerability to unplanned pregnancy in college women
    G E Smith
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, USA
    Health Psychol 16:137-46. 1997
    ..Together, these studies provide evidence that people with high self-esteem use self-serving cognitive strategies to maintain their risk perceptions...
  8. ncbi request reprint Reasoned action and social reaction: willingness and intention as independent predictors of health risk
    F X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1164-80. 1998
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint The impact of parenting on risk cognitions and risk behavior: a study of mediation and moderation in a panel of African American adolescents
    Michael J Cleveland
    Iowa State University, USA
    Child Dev 76:900-16. 2005
    ..Additional analyses indicated that these protective effects were strongest among families residing in high-risk neighborhoods...
  10. pmc From willingness to intention: experience moderates the shift from reactive to reasoned behavior
    Elizabeth A Pomery
    Iowa State University, IA, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:894-908. 2009
    ..The findings provide evidence of a developmental shift from more reactive to more reasoned processing, as experience with the behavior increases...
  11. pmc Rural-urban differences in substance use among African-American adolescents
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    J Rural Health 23:22-8. 2007
    ..Specifically, negative affect and perceived availability were examined as mediators of the relation between community size and alcohol, tobacco, and drug use...
  12. pmc Early experience with racial discrimination and conduct disorder as predictors of subsequent drug use: a critical period hypothesis
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 lago, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:S27-37. 2007
    ..The relations existed controlling for parents' reports of their use, discrimination experiences, and their socioeconomic status (SES). The impact of these early experiences on African American families is discussed...
  13. doi request reprint Racial disparities in smoking knowledge among current smokers: data from the health information national trends surveys
    Rachel Ann Reimer
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Psychol Health 25:943-59. 2010
    ..Results highlight an important racial disparity in public health knowledge among current smokers...
  14. ncbi request reprint Families and risk: prospective analyses of familial and social influences on adolescent substance use
    Elizabeth A Pomery
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, 50011, USA
    J Fam Psychol 19:560-70. 2005
    ..This interaction was stronger for families living in high-risk neighborhoods. Finally, siblings' willingness buffered the impact of peer use on targets' later use: Low sibling BW was associated with less evidence of peer influence...
  15. ncbi request reprint Using UV photography to reduce use of tanning booths: a test of cognitive mediation
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Health Psychol 24:358-63. 2005
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Comparison-level preferences after performance: is downward comparison theory still useful?
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:865-80. 2002
    ..Under some circumstances, this "downward shift" included an increased interest in "true" DC--comparing with worse-off others. A reconciliation of these results with those of previous studies is offered...
  17. ncbi request reprint Context and cognitions: environmental risk, social influence, and adolescent substance use
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:1048-61. 2004
    ..Also, context moderated the relation between willingness and use (the relation was stronger in high-risk neighborhoods) but it did not moderate the intentions to use relation...
  18. ncbi request reprint Perceived discrimination and substance use in African American parents and their children: a panel study
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 86:517-29. 2004
    ..Each of these relations with discrimination was positive. In contrast, effective parenting was associated with less willingness and intention to use. Theoretical and applied implications of the results are discussed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Effect of sexual motivation on men's risk perception for sexually transmitted disease: there must be 50 ways to justify a lover
    H Blanton
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, USA
    Health Psychol 16:374-9. 1997
    ..The only necessary precondition was the presence of nondiagnostic information from which they could construct biased risk estimates...
  20. doi request reprint Reason and reaction: the utility of a dual-focus, dual-processing perspective on promotion and prevention of adolescent health risk behaviour
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA
    Br J Health Psychol 14:231-48. 2009
    ..Specifically, it is suggested that adolescent health behaviour involves both analytic and heuristic processing. Both types of processing are incorporated in the prototype-willingness (prototype) model, which is described in some detail...
  21. ncbi request reprint Effects of appearance-based interventions on sun protection intentions and self-reported behaviors
    Heike I M Mahler
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093, USA
    Health Psychol 22:199-209. 2003
    ....
  22. pmc Sun protection intervention for highway workers: long-term efficacy of UV photography and skin cancer information on men's protective cognitions and behavior
    Michelle L Stock
    Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:225-36. 2009
    ..The risk for skin cancer is increased among older males and outdoor workers who have high levels of ultraviolet (UV) exposure...
  23. pmc Social norms information enhances the efficacy of an appearance-based sun protection intervention
    Heike I M Mahler
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:321-9. 2008
    ..Further, the addition of both injunctive and descriptive norms information increased self-reported sun protection behaviors during the subsequent month...
  24. ncbi request reprint Using images to increase exercise behavior: prototypes versus possible selves
    Judith A Ouellette
    Department of Psychology, State University of New York College Cortland, NY 13045, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:610-20. 2005
    ..Overall, results revealed that health images have an important impact on health behavior. Implications for behavior change are discussed...
  25. pmc Movie smoking exposure and smoking onset: a longitudinal study of mediation processes in a representative sample of U.S. adolescents
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:269-77. 2008
    ..Tests for gender differences indicated that girls showed larger effects of movie exposure for some variables. Implications for policy and prevention research are discussed...
  26. pmc The effect of early cognitions on cigarette and alcohol use during adolescence
    Judy A Andrews
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene 94703 1983, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:96-106. 2008
    ..These findings emphasize the need for prevention programs targeted at changing children's social images of substance users and encouraging more accurate perceptions of peers' use...
  27. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood disadvantage moderates associations of parenting and older sibling problem attitudes and behavior with conduct disorders in African American children
    Gene H Brody
    Department of Child and Family Development, Center for Family Research, University of Georgia, Athens 30602 4527, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:211-22. 2003
    ..Future research and prevention programs should focus on the specific neighborhood processes associated with increased vulnerability for behavior problems...
  28. ncbi request reprint Exposure to smoking depictions in movies: its association with established adolescent smoking
    James D Sargent
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:849-56. 2007
    ..To assess the association between exposure to movie smoking and established adolescent smoking...
  29. ncbi request reprint The strong African American families program: prevention of youths' high-risk behavior and a test of a model of change
    Gene H Brody
    Department of Child and Family Development, Center for Family Research, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4527, USA
    J Fam Psychol 20:1-11. 2006
    ..Changes in regulated, communicative parenting mediated the intervention's impact on youths' recognition of changes in parenting, which in turn was linked to changes in youths' high-risk behavior...
  30. ncbi request reprint Family communication and religiosity related to substance use and sexual behavior in early adolescence: a test for pathways through self-control and prototype perceptions
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:312-23. 2003
    ..Effects were also found for gender, parental education, and temperament characteristics. Implications for self-control theory and prevention research are discussed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Ethnic pride and self-control related to protective and risk factors: test of the theoretical model for the strong African American families program
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 26:50-9. 2007
    ..To test a theoretical model of how ethnic pride and self-control are related to risk and protective factors...
  32. ncbi request reprint Perceived discrimination and the adjustment of African American youths: a five-year longitudinal analysis with contextual moderation effects
    Gene H Brody
    University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4527, USA
    Child Dev 77:1170-89. 2006
    ..The findings thus identify contextual variables that moderate the contribution of perceived discrimination to African American youths' adjustment...
  33. ncbi request reprint The Strong African American Families Program: a cluster-randomized prevention trial of long-term effects and a mediational model
    Gene H Brody
    Department of Child and Family Development, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4527, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:356-66. 2006
    ..Intervention-induced changes in youth protective factors mediated the effect of group assignment on long-term changes in use...
  34. ncbi request reprint The Strong African American Families Program: translating research into prevention programming
    Gene H Brody
    Department of Child and Family Development and Center for Family Research, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 4527, USA
    Child Dev 75:900-17. 2004
    ..Intervention-induced changes in parenting mediated the effect of intervention group influences on changes in protective factors over a 7-month period...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effects of UV photographs, photoaging information, and use of sunless tanning lotion on sun protection behaviors
    Heike I M Mahler
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Arch Dermatol 141:373-80. 2005
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: the example of vaccination
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Health Psychol 26:136-45. 2007
    ..Risk perceptions are central to many health behavior theories. However, the relationship between risk perceptions and behavior, muddied by instances of inappropriate assessment and analysis, often looks weak...