B J Bushman

Summary

Affiliation: Iowa State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Media ratings for violence and sex. Implications for policymakers and parents
    Brad J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Am Psychol 58:130-41. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Violence and sex impair memory for television ads
    Brad J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Appl Psychol 87:557-64. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Do people aggress to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:17-32. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Media violence and the American public. Scientific facts versus media misinformation
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Am Psychol 56:477-89. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Is it time to pull the plug on the hostile versus instrumental aggression dichotomy?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:273-9. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Catharsis, aggression, and persuasive influence: self-fulfilling or self-defeating prophecies?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:367-76. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Trait aggressiveness and hockey penalties: predicting hot tempers on the ice
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Appl Psychol 83:969-74. 1998
  8. ncbi request reprint Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: does self-love or self-hate lead to violence?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:219-29. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of warning and information labels on consumption of full-fat, reduced-fat, and no-fat products
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Appl Psychol 83:97-101. 1998
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: a meta-analytic review of the scientific literature
    C A Anderson
    Iowa State University, Department of Psychology, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:353-9. 2001

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. ncbi request reprint Media ratings for violence and sex. Implications for policymakers and parents
    Brad J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Am Psychol 58:130-41. 2003
    ..This effect occurs for both age-based and content-based ratings. Implications for policymakers and parents are discussed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Violence and sex impair memory for television ads
    Brad J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Appl Psychol 87:557-64. 2002
    ..These results suggest that sponsoring violent and sexually explicit TV programs might not be a profitable venture for advertisers...
  3. ncbi request reprint Do people aggress to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:17-32. 2001
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that many people may engage in aggression to regulate (improve) their own affective states...
  4. ncbi request reprint Media violence and the American public. Scientific facts versus media misinformation
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Am Psychol 56:477-89. 2001
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Is it time to pull the plug on the hostile versus instrumental aggression dichotomy?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:273-9. 2001
    ..Therefore, this seems a proper time to "pull the plug" and allow the hostile-instrumental aggression dichotomy a dignified death...
  6. ncbi request reprint Catharsis, aggression, and persuasive influence: self-fulfilling or self-defeating prophecies?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:367-76. 1999
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Trait aggressiveness and hockey penalties: predicting hot tempers on the ice
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Appl Psychol 83:969-74. 1998
    ..g., delay of game, illegal equipment, too many players). As expected, preseason trait aggressiveness scores predicted aggressive penalty minutes (r = .33) but not nonaggressive penalty minutes (r = .04)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: does self-love or self-hate lead to violence?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:219-29. 1998
    ..Neither form of self-regard affected displaced aggression, which was low in general. These findings contradict the popular view that low self-esteem causes aggression and point instead toward threatened egotism as an important cause...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of warning and information labels on consumption of full-fat, reduced-fat, and no-fat products
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Appl Psychol 83:97-101. 1998
    ..People reacted to the warning label but avoided the full-fat product. For products with credible and familiar risks, information labels may be more effective than warning labels because they don't arouse reactance...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: a meta-analytic review of the scientific literature
    C A Anderson
    Iowa State University, Department of Psychology, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:353-9. 2001
    ..Analyses also reveal that exposure to violent video games increases physiological arousal and aggression-related thoughts and feelings. Playing violent video games also decreases prosocial behavior...
  11. pmc The effects of prosocial video games on prosocial behaviors: international evidence from correlational, longitudinal, and experimental studies
    Douglas A Gentile
    Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:752-63. 2009
    ..These similar results across different methodologies, ages, and cultures provide robust evidence of a prosocial game content effect, and they provide support for the General Learning Model...
  12. ncbi request reprint Narcissism, sexual refusal, and aggression: testing a narcissistic reactance model of sexual coercion
    Brad J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 84:1027-40. 2003
    ..In Study 3, narcissists were more punitive than other men toward a female confederate who refused to read a sexually arousing passage aloud to them...
  13. doi request reprint Violent video game effects on aggression, empathy, and prosocial behavior in eastern and western countries: a meta-analytic review
    Craig A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:151-73. 2010
    ..Results of various sensitivity analyses revealed these effects to be robust, with little evidence of selection (publication) bias...
  14. ncbi request reprint Media violence and the American public revisited
    Craig A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Am Psychol 57:448-50. 2002
  15. ncbi request reprint Psychology. The effects of media violence on society
    Craig A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
    Science 295:2377-9. 2002
  16. ncbi request reprint Human aggression
    Craig A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:27-51. 2002
    ....
  17. doi request reprint The role of violent media preference in cumulative developmental risk for violence and general aggression
    Paul Boxer
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    J Youth Adolesc 38:417-28. 2009
    ..Findings represent a new and important direction for research on the role of violent media use in the broader matrix of risk factors for youth violence...
  18. doi request reprint Kicking the (barking) dog effect: the moderating role of target attributes on triggered displaced aggression
    William C Pedersen
    Department of Psychology, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840 0901, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:1382-95. 2008
    ..The results from all three experiments are consistent with cognitive neoassociationist theory...
  19. ncbi request reprint Violence and sex in television programs do not sell products in advertisements
    Brad J Bushman
    Institute for Social Research, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:702-8. 2005
    ..These effects occurred for males and females of all ages, regardless of whether they liked programs containing violence and sex. These results show that violence and sex in television programs do not sell products in advertisements...
  20. ncbi request reprint Relation between perceived vulnerability to HIV and precautionary sexual behavior
    M Gerrard
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    Psychol Bull 119:390-409. 1996
    ..In addition, it examines the conceptual and methodological strengths and weaknesses of the empirical literature on these questions and provides recommendations for future research...
  21. ncbi request reprint Too proud to let go: narcissistic entitlement as a barrier to forgiveness
    Julie Juola Exline
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:894-912. 2004
    ..Study 6 demonstrated that entitlement predicted diminished increases in forgiveness over time. Taken together, these results suggest that narcissistic entitlement is a robust, distinct predictor of unforgiveness...
  22. doi request reprint Egos inflating over time: a cross-temporal meta-analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers 76:875-902; discussion 903-28. 2008
    ..The results complement previous studies finding increases in other individualistic traits such as assertiveness, agency, self-esteem, and extraversion...
  23. ncbi request reprint Psychological entitlement: interpersonal consequences and validation of a self-report measure
    W Keith Campbell
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 3013, USA
    J Pers Assess 83:29-45. 2004
    ..Psychological entitlement has a pervasive and largely unconstructive impact on social behavior...
  24. doi request reprint Children's direct fright and worry reactions to violence in fiction and news television programs
    Juliette H Walma van der Molen
    Department of Communication, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr 153:420-4. 2008
    ..To examine whether violence in fictional and news television content frightens and worries children...
  25. ncbi request reprint Is the curve relating temperature to aggression linear or curvilinear? Assaults and temperature in minneapolis reexamined
    Brad J Bushman
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:62-6. 2005
    ..The Minneapolis data actually provide stronger support of a positive linear (or monotonic) relationship between temperature and assault than of an inverted U-shaped relationship...
  26. ncbi request reprint Chewing on it can chew you up: effects of rumination on triggered displaced aggression
    Brad J Bushman
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:969-83. 2005
    ..All 3 studies suggest that ruminating about a provocation increases the likelihood that a minor triggering annoyance will increase displaced aggression...
  27. doi request reprint Development and validation of the childhood narcissism scale
    Sander Thomaes
    Department of Psychology, VU University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Assess 90:382-91. 2008
    ..The CNS provides researchers a convenient tool for measuring narcissism in children and young adolescents with strong preliminary psychometric characteristics...
  28. ncbi request reprint The appeal of violent video games to lower educated aggressive adolescent boys from two countries
    Jeroen S Lemmens
    Department of Communication Science, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cyberpsychol Behav 9:638-41. 2006
    ..Aggressive individuals are attracted to violent games. Playing violent games increases aggressiveness and decreases empathy, which in turn leads to increased appreciation and use of violent games...
  29. ncbi request reprint Short-term and long-term effects of violent media on aggression in children and adults
    Brad J Bushman
    Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:348-52. 2006
    ..We also tested the theory-driven hypothesis that short-term effects should be greater for adults and long-term effects should be greater for children...
  30. ncbi request reprint I wish I were a warrior: the role of wishful identification in the effects of violent video games on aggression in adolescent boys
    Elly A Konijn
    Department of Communication Science, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Dev Psychol 43:1038-44. 2007
    ..These results show that identifying with violent video game characters makes players more aggressive. Players were especially likely to identify with violent characters in realistic games and with games they felt immersed in...
  31. ncbi request reprint When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression
    Brad J Bushman
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:204-7. 2007
    ..These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers...
  32. ncbi request reprint Attenuating the link between threatened egotism and aggression
    Sara Konrath
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:995-1001. 2006
    ..However, narcissistic aggression was completely attenuated, even under ego threat, when participants believed they shared a key similarity with their partner...
  33. ncbi request reprint Is the curve relating temperature to aggression linear or curvilinear? A response to Bell (2005) and to Cohn and Rotton (2005)
    Brad J Bushman
    Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:74-7. 2005
    ..Assaults and other violent crimes might decrease when temperatures are very hot, but the Minneapolis data set does not allow for testing of this hypothesis because Minneapolis is too cold...