Allan F Williams

Summary

Affiliation: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The role of enforcement programs in increasing seat belt use
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 35:175-80. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of vehicle-animal crashes in which vehicle occupants are killed
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:56-9. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Sixteen-year-old drivers in fatal crashes, United States, 2003
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:202-6. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Controversies and speed cameras: lessons learnt internationally
    Amanda Delaney
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Building 70, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    J Public Health Policy 26:404-15. 2005
  5. doi request reprint Changes in self-regulatory driving among older drivers over time
    Keli A Braitman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 12:568-75. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Content analysis of television advertising for cars and minivans: 1983-1998
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:825-31. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Views of US drivers about driving safety
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    J Safety Res 34:491-4. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Responsibility of drivers, by age and gender, for motor-vehicle crash deaths
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:527-31. 2003
  9. pmc Driver education renaissance?
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:4-7. 2004
  10. pmc Are older drivers actually at higher risk of involvement in collisions resulting in deaths or non-fatal injuries among their passengers and other road users?
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:27-32. 2004

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. ncbi request reprint The role of enforcement programs in increasing seat belt use
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 35:175-80. 2004
    ..Enhanced penalties-in particular drivers license points-likely will be needed to reach hard-core nonusers...
  2. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of vehicle-animal crashes in which vehicle occupants are killed
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:56-9. 2005
    ..Sixty-five percent of motorcyclists killed were not wearing helmets, and 60% of vehicle occupants killed were unbelted; many of these fatalities would not have occurred with proper protection...
  3. ncbi request reprint Sixteen-year-old drivers in fatal crashes, United States, 2003
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:202-6. 2005
    ..By looking at 16 year-olds nationally, the study does not constitute a direct test of the effect of graduated licensing laws per se...
  4. ncbi request reprint Controversies and speed cameras: lessons learnt internationally
    Amanda Delaney
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Building 70, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    J Public Health Policy 26:404-15. 2005
    ..We describe the development of camera programs in Victoria and Britain and discuss the types of controversies that have arisen, the techniques used to address them, and what others can learn from this experience...
  5. doi request reprint Changes in self-regulatory driving among older drivers over time
    Keli A Braitman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 12:568-75. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Content analysis of television advertising for cars and minivans: 1983-1998
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:825-31. 2003
    ..Furthermore, manufacturers are missing an opportunity to promote vehicle safety, a feature that consumers have indicated is very important to them...
  7. ncbi request reprint Views of US drivers about driving safety
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    J Safety Res 34:491-4. 2003
    ..To assess how drivers view dangers on the highway, what motivates them to drive safely, how they say they reduce their crash and injury risk, and how they rate their own driving skills...
  8. ncbi request reprint Responsibility of drivers, by age and gender, for motor-vehicle crash deaths
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:527-31. 2003
    ..Basing comparisons instead on the extent to which drivers in various age/gender groups are responsible for deaths (including themselves) in their crashes is more revealing of their overall contribution to the problem...
  9. pmc Driver education renaissance?
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:4-7. 2004
  10. pmc Are older drivers actually at higher risk of involvement in collisions resulting in deaths or non-fatal injuries among their passengers and other road users?
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:27-32. 2004
    ..This study revisited the question of driver age in relation to the risks of older drivers and others sharing the road with them, including pedestrians, passengers in the same vehicle, and occupants of other vehicles...
  11. ncbi request reprint Types and characteristics of ramp-related motor vehicle crashes on urban interstate roadways in Northern Virginia
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    J Safety Res 35:107-14. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Tracking traffic citations through court adjudications to posting to public driver records
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:93-100. 2004
    ..Recordkeeping inefficiencies and errors were less important factors in this study...
  13. ncbi request reprint Requiring belt use as part of a school parking permit program: does it increase students' belt use?
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:120-6. 2005
    ..This study evaluated the effects of implementing a school belt policy...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effects of head restraint and seat redesign on neck injury risk in rear-end crashes
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:83-90. 2003
    ..Estimated effects of Volvo's Whiplash Injury Prevention System and Toyota's Whiplash Injury Lessening design were based on smaller samples and were not statistically significant...
  15. ncbi request reprint Analysis of motor-vehicle crashes at stop signs in four US cities
    Richard A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:485-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a better understanding of the crashes that occur at stop signs and to identify potential countermeasures...
  16. ncbi request reprint Drivers' assessment of Ford's belt reminder system
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:358-62. 2003
    ..The 7% of respondents who reported they used belts never or very occasionally were least responsive to the system. Overall, the Ford belt reminder system is being favorably received...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effects of red light cameras on violations and crashes: a review of the international literature
    Richard A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:17-23. 2003
    ..Taken together the studies indicate that, overall, injury crashes, including rear-end collisions, were reduced by 25-30% as a result of camera enforcement...
  18. doi request reprint National reported patterns of driver cell phone use in the United States
    Keli A Braitman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 11:543-8. 2010
    ..To obtain detailed information on patterns of driver cell phone use, including how often drivers talk and text, the extent to which they use hands-free devices, and knowledge of and reaction to state cell phone laws...
  19. ncbi request reprint Awareness of zero tolerance laws in three states
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    J Safety Res 33:293-9. 2002
    ..The question is, do these differences in enforcement affect teenagers' knowledge and perception of these laws?..
  20. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of speeders
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 37:227-32. 2006
    ..To determine the characteristics of speeders, defined as drivers of vehicles traveling at least 15 mph above the posted speed limit and relatively faster than surrounding vehicles...
  21. doi request reprint New Jersey's license plate decal requirement for graduated driver licenses: attitudes of parents and teenagers, observed decal use, and citations for teenage driving violations
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 14:244-58. 2013
    ..The current study examined attitudes of parents and teenagers toward this requirement, use of decals, and reported violations and police enforcement of the graduated driver license law...
  22. ncbi request reprint Hardcore drinking drivers and other contributors to the alcohol-impaired driving problem: need for a comprehensive approach
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:1-10. 2007
    ..Understanding the hardcore drinking driver concept in the context of the alcohol-impaired driving problem...
  23. ncbi request reprint Seat belt use among African Americans, Hispanics, and Whites
    Joann K Wells
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:523-9. 2002
    ..Socioeconomic and gender differences in belt use were also studied...
  24. ncbi request reprint Vehicles driven by teenagers in their first year of licensure
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:23-30. 2006
    ..to determine access to vehicles, vehicle ownership and its correlates, and types of vehicles driven by teenagers during their first year of licensure...
  25. ncbi request reprint Responses of teenagers and their parents to California's graduated licensing system
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:835-42. 2002
    ..Overall the results indicate that the new licensing system is accepted favorably by teenagers and their parents and has substantially increased the types of behaviors that collectively should lead to crash and injury reductions...
  26. ncbi request reprint Effect on fatality risk of changing from secondary to primary seat belt enforcement
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 36:189-94. 2005
    ..States that have since removed this secondary enforcement restriction have reported increased seat belt use. The purpose of the present study was to estimate the effect of these law changes on driver fatality rates...
  27. ncbi request reprint Teenage drivers: patterns of risk
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Suite 800, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:5-15. 2003
    ..To determine patterns of risk among teenage drivers...
  28. ncbi request reprint Drinking and driving among Mexican American and non-Hispanic white males in Long Beach, California
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:429-37. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Alcohol-impaired driving and its consequences in the United States: the past 25 years
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 37:123-38. 2006
    ..Progress in dealing with the alcohol-impaired driving problem in the United States during the past 25 years is addressed...
  30. ncbi request reprint Passenger effects on teenage driving and opportunities for reducing the risks of such travel
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 38:381-90. 2007
    ..To review the research evidence concerning the effects of passengers on teenage driving and crash involvement, and to explore ways to reduce negative effects...
  31. ncbi request reprint Contribution of the components of graduated licensing to crash reductions
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 38:177-84. 2007
    ..What is the contribution of the various components of graduated licensing to these reductions, and how can their effectiveness be increased?..
  32. ncbi request reprint Changes in crash risk following re-timing of traffic signal change intervals
    Richard A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:215-20. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Commentary: next steps for graduated licensing
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:199-201. 2005
  34. ncbi request reprint Effects of daytime running lights on multiple-vehicle daylight crashes in the United States
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:197-203. 2002
    ..On average, these vehicles were involved in 3.2% fewer multiple-vehicle crashes than vehicles without daytime running lights (P = 0.0074)...
  35. ncbi request reprint Methods to reduce traffic crashes involving deer: what works and what does not
    James H Hedlund
    Highway Safety North, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:122-31. 2004
    ..Other methods using advanced technology require substantial additional research and evaluation...
  36. pmc Perceived risk and other predictors and correlates of teenagers' safety belt use during the first year of licensure
    Marie Claude Ouimet
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7510, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:1-10. 2008
    ..The second goal was to evaluate the importance of these variables in the prediction of teenagers' belt use during the first year of licensure, relative to other factors related to belt use, including demographics and substance use...
  37. ncbi request reprint Graduated licensing for teens: why everybody's doing it
    Christine Branche
    Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 30:146-9. 2002
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Science and graduated licensing
    Allan F Williams
    Bethesda MD, USA
    J Safety Res 38:131. 2007
  39. pmc An assessment of graduated licensing legislation
    Allan F Williams
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:533-5. 2003
  40. ncbi request reprint Encouraging compliance with graduated driver licensing restrictions
    Arthur H Goodwin
    Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina, 730 Martin Luther King, Jr Blvd, Campus Box 3430, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3430, USA
    J Safety Res 37:343-51. 2006
    ..Although graduated driver licensing (GDL) programs have reduced the high crash rates for 16-and 17-year-old drivers, research suggests that some teenagers fail to comply with restrictions on nighttime driving and carrying passengers...
  41. ncbi request reprint Why are sobriety checkpoints not widely adopted as an enforcement strategy in the United States?
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:897-902. 2003
    ..Ways to overcome perceived barriers to checkpoint use are discussed...
  42. ncbi request reprint Specific and long-term effects of Nova Scotia's graduated licensing program
    Daniel R Mayhew
    Traffic Injury Research Foundation, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:91-7. 2003
    ..Overall the data indicate substantial benefits of graduated licensing for 16 to 17-year-old beginners, but no benefits beyond the learner stage for older beginners...
  43. ncbi request reprint Parents' views of teen driving risks, the role of parents, and how they plan to manage the risks
    Allan F Williams
    Preusser Research Group, Inc Trumbull, CT 06611, USA
    J Safety Res 37:221-6. 2006
    ..There is limited information about how parents view teen driving risks and intend to handle these risks during the licensing process, and how they will respond to graduated licensing provisions...
  44. ncbi request reprint Underage drinking: frequency, consequences, and interventions
    Ralph W Hingson
    Boston University School of Public Health, Center to Prevent Alcohol Problems Among Young People, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:228-36. 2004
    ..To examine the frequency of underage drinking, driving after drinking and alcohol-related crashes, trends in these behaviors, and promising interventions...
  45. ncbi request reprint Pedestrian crashes in Washington, DC and Baltimore
    David F Preusser
    Preusser Research Group, Inc, Trumbull, CT 06611, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:703-10. 2002
    ..Countermeasures to reduce the number of pedestrians hit by turning vehicles are discussed...