A F Williams

Summary

Affiliation: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc An assessment of graduated licensing legislation
    Allan F Williams
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:533-5. 2003
  2. ncbi Teenage drivers: patterns of risk
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Suite 800, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:5-15. 2003
  3. pmc Effectiveness of Ford's belt reminder system in increasing seat belt use
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:293-6. 2002
  4. pmc Seatbelt use by high school students
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia Preusser Research Group, Inc, Trumbull, Connecticut, USA
    Inj Prev 9:25-8. 2003
  5. ncbi Responses of teenagers and their parents to California's graduated licensing system
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:835-42. 2002
  6. pmc Rationale for graduated licensing and the risks it should address
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:ii9-14; discussion ii14-6. 2002
  7. ncbi Commentary: next steps for graduated licensing
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:199-201. 2005
  8. ncbi Sixteen-year-old drivers in fatal crashes, United States, 2003
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:202-6. 2005
  9. ncbi Vehicles driven by teenagers in their first year of licensure
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:23-30. 2006
  10. ncbi Alcohol-impaired driving and its consequences in the United States: the past 25 years
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 37:123-38. 2006

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc An assessment of graduated licensing legislation
    Allan F Williams
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:533-5. 2003
  2. ncbi Teenage drivers: patterns of risk
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Suite 800, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:5-15. 2003
    ..To determine patterns of risk among teenage drivers...
  3. pmc Effectiveness of Ford's belt reminder system in increasing seat belt use
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:293-6. 2002
    ..The study investigated the effectiveness in increasing seat belt use of Ford's belt reminder system, a supplementary system that provides intermittent flashing lights and chimes for five minutes if drivers are not belted...
  4. pmc Seatbelt use by high school students
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia Preusser Research Group, Inc, Trumbull, Connecticut, USA
    Inj Prev 9:25-8. 2003
    ....
  5. ncbi Responses of teenagers and their parents to California's graduated licensing system
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:835-42. 2002
    ..Overall the results indicate that the new licensing system is accepted favorably by teenagers and their parents and has substantially increased the types of behaviors that collectively should lead to crash and injury reductions...
  6. pmc Rationale for graduated licensing and the risks it should address
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:ii9-14; discussion ii14-6. 2002
    ..If experience can be gained initially under lower risk conditions, both in the learning stage and when first licensed, crash risk will be reduced...
  7. ncbi Commentary: next steps for graduated licensing
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:199-201. 2005
  8. ncbi Sixteen-year-old drivers in fatal crashes, United States, 2003
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:202-6. 2005
    ..By looking at 16 year-olds nationally, the study does not constitute a direct test of the effect of graduated licensing laws per se...
  9. ncbi Vehicles driven by teenagers in their first year of licensure
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:23-30. 2006
    ..to determine access to vehicles, vehicle ownership and its correlates, and types of vehicles driven by teenagers during their first year of licensure...
  10. ncbi Alcohol-impaired driving and its consequences in the United States: the past 25 years
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 37:123-38. 2006
    ..Progress in dealing with the alcohol-impaired driving problem in the United States during the past 25 years is addressed...
  11. pmc Young driver risk factors: successful and unsuccessful approaches for dealing with them and an agenda for the future
    A F Williams
    Inj Prev 12:i4-8. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi Characteristics of speeders
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 37:227-32. 2006
    ..To determine the characteristics of speeders, defined as drivers of vehicles traveling at least 15 mph above the posted speed limit and relatively faster than surrounding vehicles...
  13. pmc Reflections on the highway safety field
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:330-3. 2004
  14. pmc Graduated licensing comes to the United States
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Inj Prev 5:133-5. 1999
    ..To describe the young driver problem and the emergence of graduated licensing as a way to address it...
  15. ncbi Passenger effects on teenage driving and opportunities for reducing the risks of such travel
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 38:381-90. 2007
    ..To review the research evidence concerning the effects of passengers on teenage driving and crash involvement, and to explore ways to reduce negative effects...
  16. ncbi Contribution of the components of graduated licensing to crash reductions
    Allan F Williams
    J Safety Res 38:177-84. 2007
    ..What is the contribution of the various components of graduated licensing to these reductions, and how can their effectiveness be increased?..
  17. pmc Child seating position and restraint use in three states
    S A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Inj Prev 6:24-8. 2000
    ..The objective of this study was to assess restraint use and seating positions among children in vehicles with and without airbags...
  18. ncbi Effect of Florida's graduated licensing program on the crash rate of teenage drivers
    R G Ulmer
    Preusser Research Group, Inc, Trumbull, CT 06611, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 32:527-32. 2000
    ..On a percentage basis, crashes declined most among 15 year-olds, followed by 16 year-olds and then 17 year-olds. Reductions were not seen among Alabama teenagers nor among 18 year-olds in Florida...
  19. pmc Earning a driver's license
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Public Health Rep 112:452-61. 1997
    ..The author describes the first five multistage graduated systems enacted in the United States in 1996 and 1997. Factors that will influence the acceptability and effectiveness of these new licensing systems are discussed...
  20. pmc Driver education renaissance?
    A F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:4-7. 2004
  21. ncbi Evaluation of red light camera enforcement in Oxnard, California
    R A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 31:169-74. 1999
    ....
  22. ncbi Prevalence and characteristics of red light running crashes in the United States
    R A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 31:687-94. 1999
    ..Nighttime red light runners were more likely than daytime runners to be young, male, and have more deviant characteristics, 53% having high blood alcohol concentrations...
  23. pmc Temporal factors in motor vehicle crash deaths
    C M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia, USA
    Inj Prev 11:18-23. 2005
    ..Method: Crash deaths were identified and categorized using the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Days of the year with relatively high crash deaths were compared to the two days that occurred exactly one week before and one week after...
  24. ncbi Seat belt use among African Americans, Hispanics, and Whites
    Joann K Wells
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:523-9. 2002
    ..Socioeconomic and gender differences in belt use were also studied...
  25. ncbi Characteristics of vehicle-animal crashes in which vehicle occupants are killed
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:56-9. 2005
    ..Sixty-five percent of motorcyclists killed were not wearing helmets, and 60% of vehicle occupants killed were unbelted; many of these fatalities would not have occurred with proper protection...
  26. ncbi Effect on fatality risk of changing from secondary to primary seat belt enforcement
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 36:189-94. 2005
    ..States that have since removed this secondary enforcement restriction have reported increased seat belt use. The purpose of the present study was to estimate the effect of these law changes on driver fatality rates...
  27. ncbi Hardcore drinking drivers and other contributors to the alcohol-impaired driving problem: need for a comprehensive approach
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:1-10. 2007
    ..Understanding the hardcore drinking driver concept in the context of the alcohol-impaired driving problem...
  28. ncbi Drinking and driving among Mexican American and non-Hispanic white males in Long Beach, California
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:429-37. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi Changes in crash risk following re-timing of traffic signal change intervals
    Richard A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:215-20. 2002
    ....
  30. ncbi Effects of daytime running lights on multiple-vehicle daylight crashes in the United States
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:197-203. 2002
    ..On average, these vehicles were involved in 3.2% fewer multiple-vehicle crashes than vehicles without daytime running lights (P = 0.0074)...
  31. ncbi Views of US drivers about driving safety
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    J Safety Res 34:491-4. 2003
    ..To assess how drivers view dangers on the highway, what motivates them to drive safely, how they say they reduce their crash and injury risk, and how they rate their own driving skills...
  32. ncbi Content analysis of television advertising for cars and minivans: 1983-1998
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:825-31. 2003
    ..Furthermore, manufacturers are missing an opportunity to promote vehicle safety, a feature that consumers have indicated is very important to them...
  33. ncbi Awareness of zero tolerance laws in three states
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    J Safety Res 33:293-9. 2002
    ..The question is, do these differences in enforcement affect teenagers' knowledge and perception of these laws?..
  34. ncbi The role of enforcement programs in increasing seat belt use
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 35:175-80. 2004
    ..Enhanced penalties-in particular drivers license points-likely will be needed to reach hard-core nonusers...
  35. ncbi Responsibility of drivers, by age and gender, for motor-vehicle crash deaths
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:527-31. 2003
    ..Basing comparisons instead on the extent to which drivers in various age/gender groups are responsible for deaths (including themselves) in their crashes is more revealing of their overall contribution to the problem...
  36. ncbi Drivers' assessment of Ford's belt reminder system
    Allan F Williams
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:358-62. 2003
    ..The 7% of respondents who reported they used belts never or very occasionally were least responsive to the system. Overall, the Ford belt reminder system is being favorably received...
  37. ncbi Neck pain and head restraint position relative to the driver's head in rear-end collisions
    J F Chapline
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 32:287-97. 2000
    ..Until then, both women and men should be encouraged to adjust their adjustable head restraints, if possible, behind their heads' centers of gravity and to sit with the backs of their heads as close as possible to their head restraints...
  38. ncbi Relationship of parent driving records to the driving records of their children
    S A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 33:229-34. 2001
    ..Logistic regression models showed that these relationships held when controlling for household type and child gender...
  39. doi Parents' attitudes about Connecticut's required driver orientation course for parents
    Neil K Chaudhary
    Preusser Research Group, Inc, Trumbull, Connecticut, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 11:478-82. 2010
    ..The objective of the study was to determine parents' evaluations of the course, what they learned, and how they said they used this information...
  40. pmc Older driver involvements in police reported crashes and fatal crashes: trends and projections
    S Lyman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:116-20. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify the potential effects of this population increase on highway safety...
  41. ncbi A simple method for identifying and correcting crash problems on urban arterial streets
    R A Retting
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 33:723-34. 2001
    ..Differences between the approach employed in this study and traditional blackspot analyses are discussed...
  42. ncbi Pedestrian crashes in Washington, DC and Baltimore
    David F Preusser
    Preusser Research Group, Inc, Trumbull, CT 06611, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:703-10. 2002
    ..Countermeasures to reduce the number of pedestrians hit by turning vehicles are discussed...
  43. ncbi Encouraging compliance with graduated driver licensing restrictions
    Arthur H Goodwin
    Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina, 730 Martin Luther King, Jr Blvd, Campus Box 3430, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3430, USA
    J Safety Res 37:343-51. 2006
    ..Although graduated driver licensing (GDL) programs have reduced the high crash rates for 16-and 17-year-old drivers, research suggests that some teenagers fail to comply with restrictions on nighttime driving and carrying passengers...
  44. pmc Perceived risk and other predictors and correlates of teenagers' safety belt use during the first year of licensure
    Marie Claude Ouimet
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7510, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:1-10. 2008
    ..The second goal was to evaluate the importance of these variables in the prediction of teenagers' belt use during the first year of licensure, relative to other factors related to belt use, including demographics and substance use...
  45. ncbi Science and graduated licensing
    Allan F Williams
    Bethesda MD, USA
    J Safety Res 38:131. 2007
  46. ncbi Parents' views of teen driving risks, the role of parents, and how they plan to manage the risks
    Allan F Williams
    Preusser Research Group, Inc Trumbull, CT 06611, USA
    J Safety Res 37:221-6. 2006
    ..There is limited information about how parents view teen driving risks and intend to handle these risks during the licensing process, and how they will respond to graduated licensing provisions...
  47. ncbi Specific and long-term effects of Nova Scotia's graduated licensing program
    Daniel R Mayhew
    Traffic Injury Research Foundation, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:91-7. 2003
    ..Overall the data indicate substantial benefits of graduated licensing for 16 to 17-year-old beginners, but no benefits beyond the learner stage for older beginners...
  48. ncbi Graduated licensing for teens: why everybody's doing it
    Christine Branche
    Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 30:146-9. 2002
    ....
  49. ncbi Methods to reduce traffic crashes involving deer: what works and what does not
    James H Hedlund
    Highway Safety North, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:122-31. 2004
    ..Other methods using advanced technology require substantial additional research and evaluation...
  50. ncbi Why are sobriety checkpoints not widely adopted as an enforcement strategy in the United States?
    James C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:897-902. 2003
    ..Ways to overcome perceived barriers to checkpoint use are discussed...
  51. ncbi Controversies and speed cameras: lessons learnt internationally
    Amanda Delaney
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Building 70, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    J Public Health Policy 26:404-15. 2005
    ..We describe the development of camera programs in Victoria and Britain and discuss the types of controversies that have arisen, the techniques used to address them, and what others can learn from this experience...
  52. ncbi Underage drinking: frequency, consequences, and interventions
    Ralph W Hingson
    Boston University School of Public Health, Center to Prevent Alcohol Problems Among Young People, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:228-36. 2004
    ..To examine the frequency of underage drinking, driving after drinking and alcohol-related crashes, trends in these behaviors, and promising interventions...